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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719769/prevalence-of-smoking-and-associated-factors-evidence-from-the-chililab-demographic-surveillance-system-in-vietnam
#1
Le Thi Thanh Huong, Tran Khanh Long, Phung Xuan Son, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh
This study analyzed secondary data from Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (CHILILAB) database to identify smoking prevalence and associated demographic factors. Data were extracted from the database of the CHILILAB 2016, which included information on individual smoking behaviors, as well as individual and household demographic data. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were performed with significance level of 0.05. The smoking prevalences were 34.7%, 0.9%, and 16.1% for men, women, and both genders, respectively...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719766/energy-expenditure-of-standing-compared-to-sitting-while-conducting-office-tasks
#2
Jill Burns, Cuisle Forde, Sara Dockrell
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the energy expenditure of common office-based tasks. The objectives were to: (a) test the classification of tasks as sedentary or light-intensity physical activity and (b) compare the energy expenditure of tasks under two postural conditions (sitting and standing). Background The sedentary nature of office work has been highlighted as a health risk, and strategies to reduce sedentary behavior at work have been developed. However, there is limited evidence to guide the utilization of sit-stand workstations in the workplace for metabolic health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719486/p16-expression-and-biological-behavior-of-flat-vulvar-low-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions-lsil
#3
Natasha Lewis, Luis Z Blanco, Kruti P Maniar
Flat low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) of the vulva [vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) 1, flat condyloma] is an uncommon entity with poorly understood biological behavior. We aimed to determine the risk of subsequent vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) or carcinoma following a diagnosis of vulvar LSIL/VIN 1, as well as the frequency and predictive value of p16 immunohistochemical expression in this setting. Of the 51 included cases, p16 positivity (diffuse block staining) was identified in 2 (4%)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719318/experience-with-a-multinational-secondary-school-education-module-with-a-focus-on-prevention-of-virus-infections
#4
Laura Doornekamp, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Odette M Vlek, Tanja Klop, Marco Goeijenbier, Eric C M van Gorp
Worldwide, virus infections are responsible for many diseases in terms of morbidity and mortality. Vaccinations and therapies are only available for relatively few virus infections and not always where they are needed. However, knowledge of transmission routes can prevent virus infection. In the context of this study, we measured the effects of a secondary school education module, named Viruskenner, on knowledge, attitude, and risk behavior as these relate to virus infections. A nonrandomized intervention study was conducted between April and August 2015 to assess the effect of this 2-month education module on knowledge, attitude, and behavior of 684 secondary school students in the Netherlands, Suriname, and Indonesia...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719298/cognitive-outcomes-and-psychiatric-symptoms-of-retinopathy-positive-cerebral-malaria-cohort-description-and-baseline-results
#5
Rachel Brim, Sebastian Mboma, Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Sam Kampondeni, Jed Magen, Terrie Taylor, John Langfitt
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a common cause of death and disability among children in sub-Saharan Africa. Many prior studies of neuropsychiatric morbidity have been limited by a cross-sectional design or a short duration of follow-up. Most have included subjects who may have presented with coma due to a disease process other than CM. No studies have assessed the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and long-term outcomes. The Cognitive Outcomes and Psychiatric symptoms of retinopathy-positive CM (COPS) cohort is the first large (N = 221) prospectively recruited cohort of stringently defined cases of CM and hospital-based, age-matched, non-CM controls in whom cognitive and psychiatric outcomes are assessed with standardized measures semi-annually for up to 5 years...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719246/disparities-in-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-and-sexual-minority-primary-care-patients
#6
Sarah E Valentine, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Dana S King, Conall O'Cleirigh, Samantha M Marquez, Cara Presley, Jennifer Potter
PURPOSE: We investigated the odds of intimate partner violence (IPV) among primary care patients across subgroups of transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals relative to cisgender women, and cisgender sexual minority men and women relative to cisgender heterosexual men and women. METHODS: Participants completed an IPV screener as part of routine primary care visits at an urban community health center (N = 7572). Electronic medical record data were pooled for all patients who received the IPV screener January 1 to December 31, 2014...
July 18, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719239/explaining-consumer-safe-food-handling-through-behavior-change-theories-a-systematic-review
#7
Ian Young, Danielle Reimer, Judy Greig, Richard Meldrum, Patricia Turgeon, Lisa Waddell
Consumers often engage in unsafe food handling behaviors at home. Previous studies have investigated the ability of behavior-change theories to explain and predict these behaviors. The purpose of this review was to determine which theories are most consistently associated with consumers' safe food handling behaviors across the published literature. A standardized systematic review methodology was used, consisting of the following steps: comprehensive search strategy; relevance screening of identified references; confirmation of relevance and characterization of relevant articles; risk-of-bias assessment; data extraction; and descriptive analysis of study results...
July 18, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#8
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719103/associations-between-neighborhood-food-environments-and-deficient-protein-intake-among-elderly-people-in-a-metropolitan-suburb-a-case-study-in-kisarazu-city-japan
#9
Yuri Hamamatsu, Chiho Goto, Masaru Nishitani, Riko Shimadate, Junko Ueno, Yoko Kusakari, Masahiro Umezaki
OBJECTIVES: Living in a poor food environment and its association with an increased risk of inadequate nutrient intake are increasingly important issues in Japan due to an increase in the elderly population. METHODS: The present study examined the relationships between neighborhood food environment and the protein and fat intakes of elderly Japanese individuals (n = 181) living in the metropolitan Tokyo suburb of Kisarazu. RESULTS: A logistic regression analysis adjusted for sociodemographic and shopping behavior variables revealed associations between subjectively evaluated poor neighborhood food environment and deficient protein intake...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719064/the-association-between-dental-general-and-mental-health-status-among-underserved-and-vulnerable-populations-served-at-health-centers-in-the-us
#10
Vy H Nguyen, Sue C Lin, David P Cappelli, Suma Nair
OBJECTIVES: Vulnerable populations in underserved communities are disproportionately at high risk for multiple medical, dental, and behavioral health conditions. This study aims to: a) examine the occurrence of acute dental needs and b) investigate the association of acute dental needs and self-rated general and mental health status among the adult dentate health center population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data on adult patients (n = 5,035) from the 2014 Health Center Patient Survey, a nationally representative survey of health center patients...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718969/child-and-family-related-predictors-of-psychological-outcomes-in-children-adopted-from-abroad-what-is-the-role-of-caregiver-time
#11
Niina Rita, Marko Elovainio, Hanna Raaska, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Jaakko Matomäki, Jari Sinkkonen, Helena Lapinleimu
International adoptees need to cope with stressful transitions and to develop secure attachment with their caregivers at the same time. Although most children adopted from abroad adjust fine, they are at increased risk of psychological problems. We investigated whether both child and family-related factors are associated with later psychological problems and whether the length of time spent at home after adoption before daycare moderates these associations among internationally adopted children in Finland (FinAdo, Finnish Adoption Study)...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718864/-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-addressing-fear-of-progression-in-cancer-out-patients
#12
Bärbel Rudolph, Alexander Wünsch, Peter Herschbach, Andreas Dinkel
Fear of progression (FoP) is an appropriate, rational response to the real threat of cancer and its treatments. However, patients experiencing elevated, dysfunctional levels of FoP often feel severely distressed and are in need of treatment. We previously conducted a (partly-)randomized controlled study with cancer patients undergoing in-patient rehabilitation and showed that a brief, four-session cognitive-behavioral group therapy significantly reduced dysfunctional FoP. In this report, we describe the adaption of the cognitive-behavioral group therapy program for use with cancer out-patients...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718712/comparison-of-domains-of-self-reported-physical-activity-between-kenyan-adult-urban-slum-dwellers-and-national-estimates
#13
Hilde E Groot, Stella K Muthuri
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) - largely the result of modifiable behavioral risks such as physical inactivity that gradually develop into physiological risks - are a main cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Kenya, a nationally representative STEPwise survey of risk factors for NCDs established that 10.8% of Kenyans accumulated low levels of total physical activity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of our analyses was to compare domains of self-reported physical activity in two Nairobi slums to national estimates...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718707/child-sexual-abuse-and-adult-mental-health-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-drinking-patterns-among-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Ethan Czuy Levine, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Elwin Wu, Sonya Arreola, Scott Edward Rutledge, Bernie Newman, Larry Icard, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Seth Welles, Scott D Rhodes, Brian M Dodge, Sarah Alfonso, M Isabel Fernandez, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
One in five Latino men who have sex with men has experienced child sexual abuse. Although concerning in itself, child sexual abuse may increase an individuals' likelihood of depression and risk-taking in adult life, including engagement in HIV risk behaviors and alcohol and substance use. It is therefore urgent that researchers and practitioners better understand the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. We utilized logistic and linear regression to assess associations between child sexual abuse (operationalized as forced or coerced sexual activity before age 17) and depression, sexual behaviors, and drinking patterns in a sample of 176 adult Latino men who have sex with men from New York City...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718490/barriers-to-hiv-testing-linkage-to-care-and-treatment-adherence-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-large-urban-center-of-brazil
#15
Sarah MacCarthy, Michael Hoffmann, Amy Nunn, Luís Augusto Vasconcelos da Silva, Ines Dourado
Objective: Early, continued engagement with the HIV treatment continuum can help achieve viral suppression, though few studies have explored how risk factors for delays differ across the continuum. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of delayed diagnosis, delayed linkage to care, and nonadherence to treatment in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Methods: Data were collected during 2010 in a cross-sectional study with a sample (n = 1 970) of HIV-infected individuals enrolled in care...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718380/the-burden-of-genetic-and-epigenetic-traits-in-prematurity
#16
Bruna Ribeiro de Andrade Ramos, Márcia Guimarães da Silva
Despite decades of investigations and accumulated scientific knowledge, preterm birth (PTB) remains a significant burden worldwide. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this condition, and a number of risk factors from infectious to behavioral and genetic/epigenetic factors influence this outcome. The heritability of PTB is estimated to be 17% to 36%, which demonstrates that genetic predisposition plays a key role in PTB. Structural DNA modifications without changes in the DNA sequence and post-transcriptional regulation also have an impact on gene expression and thus influence pregnancy outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718353/a-multiyear-assessment-of-public-response-to-a-statewide-drug-take-back-and-disposal-campaign-2010-to-2012
#17
Itzhak Yanovitzky
This study is the first to analyze public response to a drug take-back program, the American Medicine Chest Challenge, in a single state over a period of 3 years (2010-2012). The study utilized a three-wave repeated cross-sectional design and an annual phone survey conducted with a representative sample of adults ( N = 906 in 2010, N = 907 in 2011, and N = 906 in 2012), which assessed exposure to the campaign, drug disposal behaviors, possible mediators of campaign effects (risk appraisal, personal agency, normative influence, and interpersonal talk), and potential confounders...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718189/-health-related-quality-of-life-self-esteem-and-health-behaviour-on-average-6-years-after-an-obesity-outpatient-lifestyle-program
#18
Ingo Menrath, Angelika Gminder, Olaf Hiort, Ute Thyen
Background Multimodal programs focusing on weight reduction are recommended in guidelines for the treatment of obese children. However, studies investigating the effects of such programs over time are still missing; there is especially a lack of studies considering longer periods after treatment. In the present study, adolescents' bodyweight, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), self-esteem and health behavior were assessed before and directly after the treatment as well as 3 years after the treatment. Methods Between 2005 and 2009 84 children and adolescents took part in a 10-month, multimodal training programme...
July 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717409/influence-of-the-microstructure-and-silver-content-on-degradation-cytocompatibility-and-antibacterial-properties-of-magnesium-silver-alloys-in-vitro
#19
Zhidan Liu, Ronald Schade, Bérengère Luthringer, Norbert Hort, Holger Rothe, Sören Müller, Klaus Liefeith, Regine Willumeit-Römer, Frank Feyerabend
Implantation is a frequent procedure in orthopedic surgery, particularly in the aging population. However, it possesses the risk of infection and biofilm formation at the surgical site. This can cause unnecessary suffering to patients and burden on the healthcare system. Pure Mg, as a promising metal for biodegradable orthopedic implants, exhibits some antibacterial effects due to the alkaline pH produced during degradation. However, this antibacterial effect may not be sufficient in a dynamic environment, for example, the human body...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717366/interrelationship-between-climatic-ecologic-social-and-cultural-determinants-affecting-dengue-emergence-and-transmission-in-puerto-rico-and-their-implications-for-zika-response
#20
REVIEW
Angela Matysiak, Amira Roess
OBJECTIVE: The global resurgence of dengue has been attributed to rapid population growth, urban expansion, increased air travel, globalization, and climate change. Dengue is now endemic in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is at risk for Zika, another emerging arbovirus. The interrelationship between climatic, ecological, social, and cultural factors that affect dengue and other arboviruses' transmission is understudied. DESIGN: The objective of this systematic review is to examine the interrelationship between climatic, ecological, social, and cultural factors on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico and to draw lessons for Zika response...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
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