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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923265/erratum-for-disgusted-by-sexual-abuse-exploring-the-association-between-disgust-sensitivity-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-mothers-of-sexually-abused-children
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917794/facial-emotion-recognition-ability-psychiatry-nurses-versus-nurses-from-other-departments
#2
Gozde Gultekin, Zeliha Kincir, Merve Kurt, Yasir Catal, Asli Acil, Busra N Delikkaya, Selma Kacar, Murat Emul
PURPOSE: Facial emotion recognition is a basic element in non-verbal communication. Although some researchers have shown that recognizing facial expressions may be important in the interaction between doctors and patients, there are no studies concerning facial emotion recognition in nurses. Here, we aimed to investigate facial emotion recognition ability in nurses and compare the abilities between nurses from psychiatry and other departments. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sixty seven nurses were divided into two groups according to their departments: psychiatry (n=31); and, other departments (n=36)...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917148/corrigendum-distrust-as-a-disease-avoidance-strategy-individual-differences-in-disgust-sensitivity-regulate-generalized-social-trust
#3
Lene Aarøe, Mathias Osmundsen, Michael Bang Petersen
[This corrects the article on p. 1038 in vol. 7, PMID: 27516744.].
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914317/the-disgust-related-images-dirti-database-validation-of-a-novel-standardized-set-of-disgust-pictures
#4
Anke Haberkamp, Julia Anna Glombiewski, Filipp Schmidt, Antonia Barke
Selecting appropriate stimuli is a major challenge of affective research. Although several standardized databases for affective pictures exist, none of them focus on discrete emotions such as disgust. Validated pictures inducing discrete emotions are still limited, and this presents a problem for researchers interested in studying different facets of disgust. In this paper, we introduce the DIsgust-RelaTed-Images (DIRTI) picture set. The set consists of 240 disgust-inducing pictures divided into six categories (food, animals, body products, injuries/infections, death, and hygiene)...
November 23, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911086/affective-and-autonomic-responses-to-erotic-images-evidence-of-disgust-based-mechanisms-in-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#5
Natasha S DePesa, Jeffrey E Cassisi
Disgust has recently been implicated in the development and maintenance of female sexual dysfunction, yet most empirical studies have been conducted with a sexually healthy sample. The current study contributes to the literature by expanding the application of a disgust model of sexual functioning to a clinically relevant sample of women with low sexual desire/arousal and accompanying sexual distress. Young women (mean age = 19.12 years) with psychometrically defined sexual dysfunction (i.e., female sexual interest/arousal disorder [FSIAD] group) and a healthy control group were compared in their affective (i...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902136/poor-pay-must-be-addressed
#6
Anne Wells
The government's response to an online petition calling for fair pay for nurses is disgusting (news, 16 November). Ministers should come to a trust unexpectedly - without the trust suddenly having enough staff just for the visit. Only then will they appreciate how nurses try to manage a ward with patients all with differing diagnoses, helped only by agency and bank staff who may not know the hospital, let alone the ward.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900467/what-makes-a-smiling-face-look-happy-visual-saliency-distinctiveness-and-affect
#7
Manuel G Calvo, Aida Gutiérrez-García, Mario Del Líbano
We investigated the relative contribution of (a) perceptual (eyes and mouth visual saliency), (b) conceptual or categorical (eye expression distinctiveness), and (c) affective (rated valence and arousal) factors, and (d) specific morphological facial features (Action Units; AUs), to the recognition of facial happiness. The face stimuli conveyed truly happy expressions with a smiling mouth and happy eyes, or blended expressions with a smile but non-happy eyes (neutral, sad, fearful, disgusted, surprised, or angry)...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893222/the-emotion-seen-in-a-face-can-be-a-methodological-artifact-the-process-of-elimination-hypothesis
#8
Marissa A DiGirolamo, James A Russell
The claim that certain facial expressions signal certain specific emotions has been supported by high observer agreement in labeling the emotion predicted for that expression. Our hypothesis was that, with a method common to the field, high observer agreement can be achieved through a process of elimination: As participants move from trial to trial and they encounter a type of expression not previously encountered in the experiment, they tend to eliminate labels they have already associated with expressions seen on previous trials; they then select among labels not previously used...
November 28, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888747/disconfirming-contamination-related-threat-beliefs-by-exposure-plus-safety-behavior
#9
Sophie L van Uijen, Marcel A van den Hout, Anne T Klein Schiphorst, Emma S Knol, Iris M Engelhard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Safety behavior (SB) is detrimental to the beneficial effects of exposure, because it prevents patients from obtaining evidence that disconfirms their excessive threat beliefs. However, previous studies showed that cleaning SB during exposure to a contaminant does not prevent a reduction in feelings of contamination, fear of contamination, danger, and disgust (CFDD). We aimed to directly examine the effect of SB during exposure to a contaminant on threat beliefs associated with CFDD...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886574/the-differential-relationship-between-mental-contamination-and-the-core-dimensions-of-contact-contamination-fear
#10
Gabriele Melli, Francesco Bulli, Claudia Carraresi, Federica Tarantino, Simona Gelli, Andrea Poli
Two types of contamination fear are recognized: contact and mental contamination. Contact contamination appears to be motivated both by harm avoidance and disgust avoidance. This study aimed to examine the relationships between disgust propensity, mental contamination and contact contamination while differentiating between harm avoidance and disgust avoidance in contact contamination. 169 OCD patients completed a set of questionnaires assessing mental contamination, contact contamination, disgust propensity, OCD, anxiety and depression...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881690/acceptability-of-outpatient-ready-to-use-food-based-protocols-in-hiv-infected-senegalese-children-and-adolescents-within-the-maggsen-cohort-study
#11
Cecile Cames, Marie Varloteaux, Ndeye Ngone Have, Alhadji Bassine Diom, Philippe Msellati, Ngagne Mbaye, Helene Mbodj, Haby Sy Signate, Aminata Diack
OBJECTIVES: To assess the acceptability of ready-to-use food (RUF)-based outpatient protocols in HIV-infected children and adolescents with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). METHODS: Plumpy Nut and Plumpy Sup were supplied every 2 weeks and prescribed by weight to SAM and MAM children, respectively. Forty-three children, 24 MAM and 19 SAM, were enrolled. Organoleptic appreciation, feeding modalities, and perceptions surrounding RUF were recorded at week 2...
November 22, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879485/patients-views-on-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-an-acceptable-therapeutic-option-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
Jonas Zeitz, Marina Bissig, Christiane Barthel, Luc Biedermann, Sylvie Scharl, Daniel Pohl, Pascal Frei, Stephan R Vavricka, Michael Fried, Gerhard Rogler, Michael Scharl
BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) represents a new therapeutic option that has been studied in two randomized-controlled trials in ulcerative colitis patients. Our study aimed to identify patients' views on the use of this novel therapeutic approach. METHODS: Using an anonymous questionnaire, we obtained data from 574 inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients on their knowledge and willingness to undergo FMT. RESULTS: A large proportion of IBD patients (53...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878558/discrimination-of-face-gender-and-expression-under-dual-task-conditions
#13
Ana García-Gutiérrez, Luis Aguado, Verónica Romero-Ferreiro, Elisa Pérez-Moreno
In order to test whether expression and gender can be attended to simultaneously without a cost in accuracy four experiments were carried out using a dual gender-expression task with male and female faces showing different emotional expressions that were backward masked by emotionally neutral faces. In the dual-facial condition the participants had to report both the gender and the expression of the targets. In two control conditions the participant reported either the gender or the expression of the face and indicated whether a surrounding frame was continuous or discontinuous...
November 22, 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872393/moralization-through-moral-shock-exploring-emotional-antecedents-to-moral-conviction
#14
Daniel C Wisneski, Linda J Skitka
The current research tested whether exposure to disgusting images increases moral conviction and whether this happens in the presence of incidental disgust cues versus disgust cues relevant to the target of moralization. Across two studies, we exposed participants to one of the four sets of disgusting versus control images to test the moralization of abortion attitudes: pictures of aborted fetuses, animal abuse, non-harm related disgusting images, harm related disgusting images, or neutral pictures, at either sub- or supraliminal levels of awareness...
November 20, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867367/mentalizing-and-information-propagation-through-social-network-evidence-from-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#15
Huijun Zhang, Lei Mo
Microblogs is one of the main social networking channels by which information is spread. Among them, Sina Weibo is one of the largest social networking channels in China. Millions of users repost information from Sina Weibo and share embedded emotion at the same time. The present study investigated participants' propensity to repost microblog messages of positive, negative, or neutral valence, and studied the neural correlates during resting state with the reposting rate of each type microblog messages. Participants preferred to repost negative messages relative to positive and neutral messages...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859959/when-preschoolers-follow-their-eyes-and-older-children-follow-their-noses-visuo-olfactory-social-affective-matching-in%C3%A2-childhood
#16
Annachiara Cavazzana, Christiane Wesarg, Julia Parish-Morris, Johan N Lundström, Valentina Parma
Recognition of emotional facial expressions is a crucial skill for adaptive behavior that most often occurs in a multi-sensory context. Affective matching tasks have been used across development to investigate how people integrate facial information with other senses. Given the relative affective strength of olfaction and its relevance in mediating social information since birth, we assessed olfactory-visual matching abilities in a group of 140 children between the ages of 3 and 11 years old. We presented one of three odor primes (rose, fish and no-odor, rated as pleasant or unpleasant by individual children) before a facial choice task (happy vs...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856343/brain-response-to-masked-and-unmasked-facial-emotions-as-a-function-of-implicit-and-explicit-personality-self-concept-of-extraversion
#17
Thomas Suslow, Harald Kugel, Christian Lindner, Udo Dannlowski, Boris Egloff
Extraversion-introversion is a personality dimension referring to individual differences in social behavior. In the past, neurobiological research on extraversion was almost entirely based upon questionnaires which inform about the explicit self-concept. Today, indirect measures are available that tap into the implicit self-concept of extraversion which is assumed to result from automatic processing functions. In our study, brain activation while viewing facial expression of affiliation relevant (i.e., happiness, and disgust) and irrelevant (i...
November 14, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835723/characterization-of-binge-eating-behavior-in-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder-in-an-adult-population-in-the-united-states
#18
Manjiri Pawaskar, Kirk Solo, Jason Valant, Emily Schmitt, Millicent Nwankwo, Barry K Herman
Objective: Characterize the frequency, duration, and severity of binge-eating behaviors in adults meeting DSM-5 criteria for binge-eating disorder (BED) in a large US community sample. Methods: A representative sample of US adults from the National Health and Wellness Survey was recruited from an online panel and asked to respond to an Internet survey (conducted in October 2013) that included questions designed to assess binge-eating behaviors in relation to DSM-5 BED diagnostic criteria...
October 27, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832185/bats-and-academics-how-do-scientists-perceive-their-object-of-study
#19
Christophe Boëte, Serge Morand
Bats are associated with conflicting perceptions among humans, ranging from affection to disgust. If these attitudes can be associated with various factors among the general public (e.g. social norms, lack of knowledge), it is also important to understand the attitude of scientists who study bats. Such reflexive information on the researchers community itself could indeed help designing adequate mixed communication tools aimed at protecting bats and their ecosystems, as well as humans living in their vicinity that could be exposed to their pathogens...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818626/arousal-rather-than-basic-emotions-influence-long-term-recognition-memory-in-humans
#20
Artur Marchewka, Marek Wypych, Abnoos Moslehi, Monika Riegel, Jarosław M Michałowski, Katarzyna Jednoróg
Emotion can influence various cognitive processes, however its impact on memory has been traditionally studied over relatively short retention periods and in line with dimensional models of affect. The present study aimed to investigate emotional effects on long-term recognition memory according to a combined framework of affective dimensions and basic emotions. Images selected from the Nencki Affective Picture System were rated on the scale of affective dimensions and basic emotions. After 6 months, subjects took part in a surprise recognition test during an fMRI session...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
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