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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776871/patients-experiences-of-pain-have-an-impact-on-their-pain-management-attitudes-and-strategies
#1
Eva Angelini, Helle Wijk, Helena Brisby, Adad Baranto
Postoperative pain remains undermanaged in orthopedic surgery. To identify areas of improvement for future structural changes in pain management, patients' experiences of pain and pain management when undergoing elective lumbar spine surgery were explored, using a qualitative method with focus group interviews. The study setting was an orthopedic spine surgery department at a University Hospital in Sweden. This study consisted of two focus group interviews with patients (n = 6/group, a total of 12 patients) who had undergone lumbar spine surgery 4 days to 5 weeks prior to the focus group interviews...
May 15, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776404/revisiting-out-of-pocket-requirements-trends-in-spending-financial-access-barriers-and-policy-in-ten-high-income-countries
#2
Thomas Rice, Wilm Quentin, Anders Anell, Andrew J Barnes, Pauline Rosenau, Lynn Y Unruh, Ewout van Ginneken
BACKGROUND: Countries rely on out-of-pocket (OOP) spending to different degrees and employ varying techniques. The article examines trends in OOP spending in ten high-income countries since 2000, and analyzes their relationship to self-assessed barriers to accessing health care services. The countries are Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. METHODS: Data from three sources are employed: OECD statistics, the Commonwealth Fund survey of individuals in each of ten countries, and country-specific documents on health care policies...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776007/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-swedish-propensity-to-achieve-healthy-lifestyle-scale-in-patients-with-hypertension
#3
Anders Broström, A H Pakpour, Martin Ulander, Per Nilsen
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a Swedish questionnaire to measure propensity for behaviour change regarding food habits, physical activity and weight reduction in patients with hypertension. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. METHODS: A total of 270 consecutive patients with hypertension diagnosed at 4 primary care centres in Sweden were included. The 6-item Swedish version of the Propensity to Achieve Healthy Lifestyle Scale (PAHLS) was developed to measure propensity for behaviour change regarding food habits, physical activity and weight reduction...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775872/adolescents-motives-for-selling-sex-in-a-welfare-state-a-swedish-national-study
#4
Cecilia Fredlund, Örjan Dahlström, Carl Göran Svedin, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson, Gisela Priebe
In addition to money or other compensation, other motives for selling sex may be important in a welfare country such as Sweden. The aim of this study was to carry out an exploratory investigation of adolescents' motives for selling sex in a population-based survey in Sweden. A total of 5839 adolescents from the third year of Swedish high school, mean age 18.0 years, participated in the study. The response rate was 59.7% and 51 students (0.9%) reported having sold sex. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to identify groups of adolescents according to underlying motives for selling sex...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775178/absence-of-nosocomial-transmission-of-imported-lassa-fever-during-use-of-standard-barrier-nursing-methods
#5
Anna Grahn, Andreas Bråve, Thomas Tolfvenstam, Marie Studahl
Nosocomial transmission of Lassa virus (LASV) is reported to be low when care for the index patient includes proper barrier nursing methods. We investigated whether asymptomatic LASV infection occurred in healthcare workers who used standard barrier nursing methods during the first 15 days of caring for a patient with Lassa fever in Sweden. Of 76 persons who were defined as having been potentially exposed to LASV, 53 provided blood samples for detection of LASV IgG. These persons also responded to a detailed questionnaire to evaluate exposure to different body fluids from the index patient...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775171/competency-standards-for-newly-graduated-prosthetist-orthotists-in-sweden
#6
Nerrolyn Ramstrand, Simon Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: There are currently no national competency standards upon which to develop educational objectives for prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. While standards have been developed in other countries, they cannot be applied without confirming their relevance in a Swedish context. OBJECTIVES: To describe and obtain consensus on core competencies required for newly graduated prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. STUDY DESIGN: Modified Delphi process...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774749/excess-costs-of-non-infectious-comorbidities-among-people-living-with-hiv-estimates-from-denmark-and-sweden
#7
Frida Hjalte, Paul S Calara, Anders Blaxhult, Marie Helleberg, Karoline Wallace, Peter Lindgren
People living with HIV have an increased risk of comorbidities with non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease and osteoporotic fractures, compared to the general population. The burden of these comorbidities is expected to rise as the HIV-infected population ages. This development may require additional health care resources and it is relevant to ascertain the costs associated with these comorbidities. The population attributed risk approach was applied to estimate excess costs associated with the higher rates of comorbidities among HIV patients in Denmark and Sweden compared to their respective general populations...
May 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774116/human-papilloma-virus-global-research-architecture-assessed-by-density-equalizing-mapping
#8
Dörthe Brüggmann, Luise Kayser, Jenny Jaque, Matthias Bundschuh, Doris Klingelhöfer, David A Groneberg
Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is linked to cervical cancer, which represents the world's fourth most common cancer in women. So far, no detailed map of the worldwide HPV research architecture has been constructed. Hence, this study focuses on the chronological development and geographical distribution of the global HPV-specific publications and evaluates citation-based parameters as well as socioeconomic features of the publishing countries. In total, 29,330 HPV-related publications were identified...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773663/factors-associated-with-condom-use-and-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-a-random-online-sample-in-sweden
#9
Klara Johansson, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson, Charlotte Deogan, Ziad El-Khatib
OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to analyse social determinants of sexual health behaviour (condom use and HIV testing) among young, internet-active, cis men who have sex with men (MSM) in a high-income country. The aspects of sexual health behaviour analysed here are condomless anal intercourse with one or more new or casual partner(s), condomless anal intercourse during the most recent sex with a man and HIV testing. METHODS: A randomised sample of men active on Sweden's main online community for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans people responded to an online survey (response rate 19%)...
May 17, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772930/changes-in-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol-related-to-long-term-utilization-of-dental-care-among-older-people
#10
Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Gunnar Ekback, Sven Ordell, Ferda Gulcan
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether long-term utilization of dental care, treatment with fillings and crowns and persistent tooth loss between age 50 and 65 years associate with subsequent changes in OHRQoL from age 65 to 70 years. METHOD: In 1992, a census of 50-year-olds received invitation to participate in a questionnaire survey. Of 6346 respondents, 3585 completed follow-ups in 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012. OHRQoL was measured using the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) inventory...
May 18, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772464/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-danish-portuguese-and-swedish
#11
J E Lemoine, H Konradsen, A Lunde Jensen, C Roland-Lévy, P Ny, A Khalaf, S Torres
In recent years, the study of body image shifted from focusing on the negative aspects to a more extensive view of body image. The present study seeks to validate a measure of positive body image, the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) in Denmark, Portugal, and Sweden. Participants (N = 1012) were adolescents and young adults aged from 12 to 19. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the one-dimensional factor structure of the scale. Multi-group confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the scale was invariant across sex and country...
May 14, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771952/analysis-of-multi-level-spatial-data-reveals-strong-synchrony-in-seasonal-influenza-epidemics-across-norway-sweden-and-denmark
#12
Sinead E Morris, Birgitte Freiesleben de Blasio, Cécile Viboud, Amy Wesolowski, Ottar N Bjørnstad, Bryan T Grenfell
Population structure, spatial diffusion, and climatic conditions mediate the spatiotemporal spread of seasonal influenza in temperate regions. However, much of our knowledge of these dynamics stems from a few well-studied countries, such as the United States (US), and the extent to which this applies in different demographic and climatic environments is not fully understood. Using novel data from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, we applied wavelet analysis and non-parametric spatial statistics to explore the spatiotemporal dynamics of influenza transmission at regional and international scales...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#13
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771232/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-argenteus-misidentified-as-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-emerging-in-western-sweden
#14
Erika Tång Hallbäck, Nahid Karami, Ingegerd Adlerberth, Sofia Cardew, Maria Ohlén, Hedvig Engström Jakobsson, Liselott Svensson Stadler
Two strains included in a whole-genome sequencing project for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were identified as non-Staphylococcus aureus when the sequences were analysed using the bioinformatics software ALEX (www.1928diagnostics.com, Gothenburg, Sweden). Sequencing of the sodA gene of these strains identified them as Staphylococcus argenteus. The collection of MRSA in western Sweden was checked for additional strains of this species. A total of 18 strains of S. argenteus isolated between 2011 and December 2017 were identified...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770601/prehospital-identification-of-factors-associated-with-death-during-one-year-follow-up-after-acute-stroke
#15
Per-Olof Hansson, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara, Peter Brink, Johan Herlitz, Birgitta Wireklint Sundström
OBJECTIVES: In acute stroke, the risk of death and neurological sequelae are obvious threats. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between various clinical factors identified by the emergency medical service (EMS) system before arriving at hospital and the risk of death during the subsequent year among patients with a confirmed stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of stroke as the primary diagnosis admitted to a hospital in western Sweden (1...
May 16, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769160/cross-border-outbreak-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-linked-to-a-university-in-romania
#16
O Popovici, Ph Monk, D Chemtob, D Chiotan, P J Freidlin, R Groenheit, M Haanperä, D Homorodean, M Mansjö, E Robinson, E Rorman, G Smith, H Soini, M J Van Der Werf
Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) poses a threat to public health due to its complicated, expensive and often unsuccessful treatment. A cluster of three XDR TB cases was detected among foreign medical students of a Romanian university. The contact investigations included tuberculin skin testing or interferon gamma release assay, chest X-ray, sputum smear microscopy, culture, drug susceptibility testing, genotyping and whole-genome sequencing (WGS), and were addressed to students, personnel of the university, family members or other close contacts of the cases...
May 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769135/health-inequalities-between-employed-and-unemployed-in-northern-sweden-a-decomposition-analysis-of-social-determinants-for-mental-health
#17
Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Even though population health is strongly influenced by employment and working conditions, public health research has to a lesser extent explored the social determinants of health inequalities between people in different positions on the labour market, and whether these social determinants vary across the life course. This study analyses mental health inequalities between unemployed and employed in three age groups (youth, adulthood and mid-life), and identifies the extent to which social determinants explain the mental health gap between employed and unemployed in northern Sweden...
May 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766619/universal-infant-health-interventions-and-young-adult-outcomes
#18
Miriam Wüst, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Merete Osler, Thorkild I A Sørensen
Three recent studies have documented short- and long-run benefits of early-infancy health interventions in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark: Universal nurse home visiting (NHV) and well-baby center care decreased infant mortality and positively impacted long-run survival (DK, S), morbidity (DK, N), and educational and labor market outcomes (N). Using Danish conscription data, this paper examines intermediate outcomes to assess both potential mechanisms and the importance of selective survival for the long-run health effects of NHV...
May 16, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766438/sexual-orientation-differences-in-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-and-antidepressant-usage-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-of-siblings
#19
Richard Bränström, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Petter Tinghög, John E Pachankis
In the past two decades, population-based health surveys have begun including measures of sexual orientation, permitting estimates of sexual orientation disparities in psychiatric morbidity and differences in treatment utilization. The present study takes advantage of the high-quality, comprehensive nationwide health registry data available in Sweden to examine whether psychiatric outpatient treatment for various diagnoses and antidepressant medication usage are greater in sexual minority individuals compared to their siblings...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765909/shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-infection-in-j%C3%A3-nk%C3%A3-ping-county-sweden-occurrence-and-molecular-characteristics-in-correlation-with-clinical-symptoms-and-duration-of-stx-shedding
#20
Xiangning Bai, Sara Mernelius, Cecilia Jernberg, Ing-Marie Einemo, Stefan Monecke, Ralf Ehricht, Sture Löfgren, Andreas Matussek
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause bloody diarrhea (BD), hemorrhagic colitis (HC), and even hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). In Nordic countries, STEC are widely spread and usually associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and HUS. The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of STEC in Swedish patients over 10 years of age from 2003 through 2015, and to analyze the correlation of critical STEC virulence factors with clinical symptoms and duration of stx shedding. Diarrheal stool samples were screened for presence of stx by real-time PCR...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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