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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922470/optimism-as-a-candidate-health-asset-exploring-its-links-with-adolescent-quality-of-life-in-sweden
#1
Katrin Häggström Westberg, Marie Wilhsson, Petra Svedberg, Jens M Nygren, Antony Morgan, Maria Nyholm
This study aims to understand the role that optimism could play in the context of a health asset approach to promote adolescent health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Adolescents (n = 948), between 11 and 16 years old from a medium-sized rural town in Sweden, answered questionnaires measuring optimism, pessimism, and HRQOL. The findings indicate a significant decrease in optimism and a significant increase in pessimism between early and midadolescence. The study has allowed us to present associational evidence of the links between optimism and HRQOL...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922452/impact-of-an-educational-intervention-for-district-nurses-about-preparedness-to-encounter-women-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Eva Sundborg, Lena Törnkvist, Per Wändell, Nouha Saleh-Stattin
AIM: To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the preparedness of district nurses at primary healthcare centres to encounter women exposed to intimate partner violence. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: An observational quasi-experimental study. Participants were divided into an intervention group (n = 117) and a control group (n = 204), both from the eastern part of Sweden. A group of nurses from across Sweden (the 'national group,' n = 217) was also recruited...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921886/clinical-practices-and-attitudes-regarding-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-heart-failure-findings-from-the-core-needs-assessment-survey
#3
Jonathan Howlett, Josep Comin-Colet, Kenneth Dickstein, Ahmet Fuat, Gerhard Pölzl, Sean Delaney
AIMS: CORE is a continuing medical education initiative designed to support the evidence-based management of heart failure (HF) in the primary and secondary care settings. The goal of the CORE Needs Assessment Survey is to describe current clinical practice patterns and attitudes among global stakeholders in HF care. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CORE Steering Committee guided the development of survey questions to assess clinical practice, confidence, and attitudes/perceptions among cardiologists, primary care physicians, and nurses involved in HF management...
September 18, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921518/high-birth-rates-despite-easy-access-to-contraception-and-abortion-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Helena Hognert, Finn Egil Skjeldestad, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Oskari Heikinheimo, Ian Milsom, Øjvind Lidegaard, Ingela Lindh
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to describe and compare contraceptive use, fertility, birth and abortion rates in the Nordic countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National data on births, abortions, fertility rate (1975-2013), redeemed prescriptions of hormonal contraceptives and sales figures of copper intrauterine devices (2008-2013) among women 15-49 years of age in the Nordic countries were collected and analysed. RESULTS: Use of hormonal contraceptives and copper intrauterine devices varied between 31-44%...
September 16, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919815/an-acceptance-based-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-experiencing-acute-pain-a-single-subject-study
#5
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, JoAnne Dahl, Louise von Essen, Gustaf Ljungman
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with cancer report pain as one of their most recurrent and troublesome symptoms throughout the cancer trajectory. Pain evokes psychological distress, which in turn has an amplifying effect on the pain experience. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced acute pain predict increased pain tolerance, decreased pain intensity and decreased discomfort of pain. The aim of this study was to preliminarily evaluate an acceptance-based intervention for children and adolescents with cancer experiencing acute pain, with regard to feasibility and effect on pain intensity and discomfort of pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919550/improving-the-genotyping-resolution-of-cryptosporidium-hominis-subtype-iba10g2-using-one-step-pcr-based-amplicon-sequencing
#6
Jessica Beser, Björn M Hallström, Abdolreza Advani, Sofia Andersson, Gabriel Östlund, Jadwiga Winiecka-Krusnell, Marianne Lebbad, Erik Alm, Karin Troell, Romanico B G Arrighi
Cryptosporidium hominis gp60 subtype IbA10G2 is a common cause of cryptosporidiosis. This subtype is responsible for many waterborne outbreaks as well as sporadic cases and is considered virulent and highly important in the epidemiology of cryptosporidiosis. Due to low heterogeneity within the genome of C. hominis it has been difficult to identify epidemiological markers with higher resolution than gp60. However, new markers are required in order to improve outbreak investigations and studies of the transmission dynamics of this clinically important subtype...
September 14, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919325/the-influence-of-lifestyle-on-airborne-particle-surface-area-doses-received-by-different-western-populations
#7
A Pacitto, L Stabile, T Moreno, P Kumar, A Wierzbicka, L Morawska, G Buonanno
In the present study, the daily dose in terms of particle surface area received by citizens living in five cities in Western countries, characterized by different lifestyle, culture, climate and built-up environment, was evaluated and compared. For this purpose, the exposure to sub-micron particle concentration levels of the population living in Barcelona (Spain), Cassino (Italy), Guilford (United Kingdom), Lund (Sweden), and Brisbane (Australia) was measured through a direct exposure assessment approach. In particular, measurements of the exposure at a personal scale were performed by volunteers (15 per each population) that used a personal particle counter for different days in order to obtain exposure data in microenvironments/activities they resided/performed...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918820/on-gray-dancing-constructions-of-age-normality-through-choreography-and-temporal-codes
#8
Clary Krekula, Markus Arvidson, Satu Heikkinen, Andreas Henriksson, Eva Olsson
Against the background of population aging, older peoples dance has attracted attention in research and its health promoting effects and social meanings have been brought to the fore. In this article we focus on the context and power dimensions of dance with an emphasis on the organizing of dance among older adults in terms of social discourses and age relationships. On the basis of qualitative interviews with 33 older dancers and 11 dance providers in Sweden, the study illustrates how dance is organized through social discourses on healthism and on the increasing group of older people as a powerful consumer group...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918705/the-learning-space-interpersonal-interactions-between-nursing-students-patients-and-supervisors-at-developing-and-learning-care-units
#9
Hanna Holst, Lise-Lotte Ozolins, David Brunt, Ulrica Hörberg
PURPOSE: Previous research shows that the learning space is significant for students' learning in pairs in clinical practice but does not explain the meaning of the phenomenon. The aim of this study is thus to explain and understand the learning space that occurs in the interaction between the patients, the pairs of nursing students, and the supervisors on a developing and learning care unit in Sweden. METHOD: The study has been carried out with a Reflective Lifeworld Research (RLR) approach founded on hermeneutics...
2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917320/vector-borne-parasitic-infections-in-dogs-in-the-baltic-and-nordic-countries-a-questionnaire-study-to-veterinarians-on-canine-babesiosis-and-infections-with-dirofilaria-immitis-and-dirofilaria-repens
#10
Valentina Tiškina, Pikka Jokelainen
Canine vector-borne diseases have been spreading northwards in Europe, and canine babesiosis and infections with Dirofilaria immitis (heartworm) and Dirofilaria repens have been diagnosed also in the Baltic and the Nordic countries. We used an online questionnaire to survey how large a proportion of veterinarians in the Baltic (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) and the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) saw canine babesiosis cases and dogs infected with D. immitis and D. repens in 2016...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917136/nursing-students-socialisation-into-practical-skills
#11
Mona Ewertsson, Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta, Karin Blomberg
Socialisation is a significant factor that shapes nursing students' learning in clinical settings. Little is known about the ways in which students learn practical skills during their clinical practice and how they are socialised into these skills. This knowledge is important for creating an optimal environment for ensuring a high standard of care and patient safety. This study aims to address this knowledge gap. An ethnographic approach was used. Data were collected by participant observations during nursing students' clinical practice in an emergency department at a university hospital in Sweden, and during informal conversations with students and their preceptors...
September 5, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916366/measuring-progress-and-projecting-attainment-on-the-basis-of-past-trends-of-the-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-188-countries-an-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of "leaving no one behind". Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers as they aim to improve the health of populations. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016), we measured 37 of the 50 health-related SDG indicators over the period 1990-2016 for 188 countries, and then on the basis of these past trends, we projected indicators to 2030...
September 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915767/sick-leave-among-people-in-paid-work-after-age-65-a-swedish-population-based-study-covering-1995-2000-2005-and-2010
#13
K Farrants, S Marklund, L Kjeldgård, J Head, K Alexanderson
AIMS: Extending working life into older age groups is discussed in many countries. However, there is no knowledge about how this affects rates of sick leave. The aim of this work was to investigate rates of sick leave among people in paid work after retirement age and if such rates have changed over time. METHODS: Swedish nationwide register data on people aged >65 years and living in Sweden in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 were analysed. All people with a sufficiently high work income to be eligible for public sick leave benefits were included...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915547/persistence-mobility-and-bioavailability-of-emerging-organic-contaminants-discharged-from-sewage-treatment-plants
#14
Kristin M Blum, Patrik L Andersson, Lutz Ahrens, Karin Wiberg, Peter Haglund
Little is known about the impact of emissions of micropollutants from small and large-scale sewage treatment plants (STPs) on drinking water source areas. We investigated a populated catchment that drains into Lake Mälaren, which is the drinking water source for around 2 million people including the inhabitants of Stockholm, Sweden. To assess the persistence, mobility, bioavailability and bioaccumulation of 32 structurally diverse emerging organic contaminants, sediment, integrated passive and grab water samples were collected along the catchment of the River Fyris, Sweden...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915460/persistent-and-widespread-long-term-phosphorus-declines-in-boreal-lakes-in-sweden
#15
Brian J Huser, Martyn N Futter, Rong Wang, Jens Fölster
We present an analysis of long-term (1988-2103; 26years) total phosphorus (TP) concentration trends in 81 Swedish boreal lakes subject to minimal anthropogenic disturbance. Near universal increases in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and a widespread but hitherto unexplained decline in TP were observed. Over 50% of the lakes (n=42) had significant declining TP trends over the past quarter century (Sen's slope=2.5%y(-1)). These declines were linked to catchment processes related to changes in climate, recovery from acidification, and catchment soil properties, but were unrelated to trends in P deposition...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915451/rotavirus-genotype-shifts-among-swedish-children-and-adults-application-of-a-real-time-pcr-genotyping
#16
Maria Andersson, Magnus Lindh
BACKGROUND: It is well known that human rotavirus group A is the most important cause of severe diarrhoea in infants and young children. Less is known about rotavirus infections in other age groups, and about how rotavirus genotypes change over time in different age groups. OBJECTIVES: Develop a real-time PCR to easily genotype rotavirus strains in order to monitor the pattern of circulating genotypes. STUDY DESIGN: In this study, rotavirus strains in clinical samples from children and adults in Western Sweden during 2010-2014 were retrospectively genotyped by using specific amplification of VP 4 and VP 7 genes with a new developed real-rime PCR...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914587/self-rated-health-and-social-capital-in-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-the-medim-population-based-study
#17
Louise Bennet, Martin Lindström
OBJECTIVES: Poor self-rated health is an estimator of quality of life and a predictor of mortality seldom studied in immigrant populations. This work aimed to study self-rated health in relation to social capital, socioeconomic status, lifestyle and comorbidity in immigrants from Iraq - one of the largest non-European immigrant group in Sweden today - and to compare it with the self-rated health of native Swedes. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted from 2010 to 2012 among citizens of Malmö, Sweden, aged 30-65 years and born in Iraq or Sweden...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913940/caesarean-birth-is-associated-with-both-maternal-and-paternal-origin-in-immigrants-in-sweden-a-population-based-study
#18
Sol P Juárez, Rhonda Small, Anders Hjern, Erica Schytt
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between maternal country of birth and father's origin and unplanned and planned caesarean birth in Sweden. METHODS: Population-based register study including all singleton births in Sweden between 1999 and 2012 (n = 1 311 885). Multinomial regression was conducted to estimate odds ratios (OR) for unplanned and planned caesarean with 95% confidence intervals for migrant compared with Swedish-born women. Analyses were stratified by parity...
September 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913686/pretreatment-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-is-associated-with-intrusive-thoughts-and-sense-of-coherence
#19
Dan Asplund, Thue Bisgaard, David Bock, Jakob Burcharth, Elisabeth González, Eva Haglind, Yanislav Kolev, Peter Matthiessen, Carina Rosander, Jacob Rosenberg, Kenneth Smedh, Marina Åkerblom Sörensson, Eva Angenete
PURPOSE: Quality of life may predict survival. In addition to clinical variables, it may be influenced by psychological factors, some of which may be accessible for intervention. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association of intrusive thoughts and the patients' sense of coherence with pretreatment quality of life in patients with newly diagnosed rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients were prospectively included in 16 hospitals in Sweden and Denmark...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911842/genetic-correlations-of-hip-dysplasia-scores-for-golden-retrievers-and-labrador-retrievers-in-france-sweden-and-the-uk
#20
S Wang, G Leroy, S Malm, T Lewis, Å Viklund, E Strandberg, W F Fikse
In order to reduce the prevalence of inherited diseases in pedigree dogs, the feasibility of implementation of an international breeding program was investigated. One prerequisite is a strong genetic correlation between countries and our objective was to estimate this correlation for canine hip dysplasia (HD) across three countries to evaluate the feasibility of an international genetic evaluation. Data were provided by the Société Centrale Canine (SCC, France), Svenska Kennelklubben (SKK, Sweden) and The Kennel Club (KC, UK) on Golden retriever and Labrador retriever dogs...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
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