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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166417/oral-status-and-prosthetic-treatment-needs-in-functionally-impaired-and-elderly-individuals
#1
Angelika Lantto, Robert Lundqvist, Inger Wårdh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the oral status and prosthetic treatment needs of dependent, functionally impaired individuals and dependent elderly individuals in comparison with the general population. METHODS: A total of 355 subjects, sampled from the register of increased financial support for dependent and functionally impaired individuals in the north of Sweden, were examined. The variables were number of teeth, Eichner Index, type and condition of prostheses, and treatment needs...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165542/measuring-frailty-among-older-people-further-evaluation-of-the-brody-frailty-index
#2
U Jakobsson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the predictive validity of the Brody self-report frailty index among older people. Design, setting and measurements: A longitudinal cohort study (2-years) conducted in Sweden, which included 1141 respondents, aged 65-103 years. Data were collected during 2011-2013 through a postal questionnaire with questions about demographic data, living conditions, self-reported health, ADL dependency (ADL-staircase) and frailty (the Brody frailty index)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165392/the-tale-of-asbestos-in-sweden-1972-1986-the-pathway-to-a-near-total-ban
#3
Peter Westerholm, Bertil Remaéus, Magnus Svartengren
This paper provides a narrative of the national intervention strategy in Sweden aimed to restrict the industrial use of asbestos. For many years, asbestos was imported for widespread industrial use, resulting in large amounts throughout Swedish society. In 1972, the whistle was blown in a Communist Party parliamentary motion describing asbestos as a health hazard and requesting action to prohibit its use. Although the motion was rejected, it initiated the extensive charting of asbestos sources on a tripartite basis, involving government agencies, and employer and trade-union organizations...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164969/accuracy-of-self-reported-family-history-of-cancer-mutation-status-and-tumor-characteristics-in-patients-with-early-onset-breast-cancer
#4
Annelie Augustinsson, Carolina Ellberg, Ulf Kristoffersson, Åke Borg, Håkan Olsson
BACKGROUND: The main objectives of this study were to evaluate the concordance between self-reported and registry-reported information regarding family history of breast cancer (BC), ovarian cancer (OvC) and other types of cancer in first-degree relatives of patients with early onset BC, and to determine the frequency of mutation carriers and non-mutation carriers. The secondary objective was to describe tumor characteristics for each mutation group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1993 and 2013, 231 women who were ≤35 years old when diagnosed with BC were registered at the Oncogenetic Clinic at Skåne University Hospital in Lund, Sweden...
November 22, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164538/particle-deposition-resuspension-and-phosphorus-accumulation-in-small-constructed-wetlands
#5
Pia Geranmayeh, Karin M Johannesson, Barbro Ulén, Karin S Tonderski
To improve understanding of phosphorus (P) retention processes in small constructed wetlands (CWs), we analysed variations in sediment deposition and accumulation in four CWs on clay soils in east-central Sweden. Sediment deposition (in traps) generally exceeded the total suspended solids (TSS) load suggesting that resuspension and wetland base erosion were important. This was confirmed by quantification of particle accumulation (on plates) (1-23 kg m(-2) year(-1)), which amounted to only 13-23% of trap deposition...
November 21, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164420/brcasearch-written-pre-test-information-and-brca1-2-germline-mutation-testing-in-unselected-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer
#6
Martin P Nilsson, Therese Törngren, Karin Henriksson, Ulf Kristoffersson, Anders Kvist, Barbro Silfverberg, Åke Borg, Niklas Loman
PURPOSE: To evaluate a simplified method of pre-test information and germline BRCA1/2 mutation testing. METHODS: In a prospective, single-arm study, comprehensive BRCA1/2 testing was offered to unselected patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer at three hospitals in south Sweden (BRCAsearch, ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02557776). Pre-test information was provided by a standardized invitation letter, but the patients could contact a genetic counselor for telephone genetic counseling if they felt a need for that...
November 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164319/cancer-incidence-in-stockholm-firefighters-1958-2012-an-updated-cohort-study
#7
Cecilia Kullberg, Tomas Andersson, Per Gustavsson, Jenny Selander, Göran Tornling, Annika Gustavsson, Carolina Bigert
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies on firefighters indicate an increased risk of cancer although findings regarding which cancer sites are in excess have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate the cancer incidence among Swedish firefighters. METHODS: This updated cohort study included 1080 men who worked at least 1 year as a firefighter in the city of Stockholm, Sweden during 1931-1983. First-time diagnoses of cancer were identified through the Swedish Cancer Registry from 1958 until 2012...
November 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164254/effect-of-oral-insulin-on-prevention-of-diabetes-in-relatives-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Jeffrey P Krischer, Desmond A Schatz, Brian Bundy, Jay S Skyler, Carla J Greenbaum
Importance: Type 1 diabetes requires major lifestyle changes and carries increased morbidity and mortality. Prevention or delay of diabetes would have major clinical effect. Objective: To determine whether oral insulin delays onset of type 1 diabetes in autoantibody-positive relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Between March 2, 2007, and December 21, 2015, relatives with at least 2 autoantibodies, including insulin autoantibodies and normal glucose tolerance, were enrolled in Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Italy, Sweden, Finland, and Germany...
November 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162786/are-there-early-signs-that-predict-development-of-temporomandibular-joint-disease
#9
Adrian Salinas Fredricson, Farid Khodabandehlou, Carina Krüger Weiner, Aron Naimi-Akbar, Johanna Adami, Annika Rosén
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD) involve orofacial pain and functional limitations that may limit important daily activities such as chewing and speaking. This observational case-control study attempted to identify factors associated with TMJD development, particularly inflammation. The study participants were patients treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. The cases were patients who received a diagnosis of TMJD, chronic closed lock, or painful clicking and were treated surgically during the period from 2007 through 2011...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162175/reward-sensitivity-impulse-control-and-social-cognition-as-mediators-of-the-link-between-childhood-family-adversity-and-externalizing-behavior-in-eight-countries
#10
Jennifer E Lansford, Jennifer Godwin, Marc H Bornstein, Lei Chang, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Laurence Steinberg, Sombat Tapanya, Liane Peña Alampay, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Suha M Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini
Using data from 1,177 families in eight countries (Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States), we tested a conceptual model of direct effects of childhood family adversity on subsequent externalizing behaviors as well as indirect effects through psychological mediators. When children were 9 years old, mothers and fathers reported on financial difficulties and their use of corporal punishment, and children reported perceptions of their parents' rejection. When children were 10 years old, they completed a computerized battery of tasks assessing reward sensitivity and impulse control and responded to questions about hypothetical social provocations to assess their hostile attributions and proclivity for aggressive responding...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161708/association-between-childhood-obesity-and-neighbourhood-accessibility-to-fast-food-outlets-a-nationwide-6-year-follow-up-study-of-944-487-children
#11
Tsuyoshi Hamano, Xinjun Li, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this 6-year follow-up study was to examine whether neighbourhood accessibility to fast-food outlets was associated with diagnosed childhood obesity, after adjustment for neighbourhood- and individual-level socio-demographic factors. METHODS: This 6-year follow-up study comprised 484,677 boys and 459,810 girls aged 0-14 years in Sweden. The follow-up period ran from January 1, 2005, until hospitalisation/out-patient treatment for obesity, death, emigration or the end of the study period on December 31, 2010...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161680/prediction-of-violent-crime-on-discharge-from-secure-psychiatric-hospitals-a-clinical-prediction-rule-fovox
#12
A Wolf, T R Fanshawe, A Sariaslan, R Cornish, H Larsson, S Fazel
BACKGROUND: Current approaches to assess violence risk in secure hospitals are resource intensive, limited by accuracy and authorship bias and may have reached a performance ceiling. This study seeks to develop scalable predictive models for violent offending following discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: We identified all patients discharged from secure hospitals in Sweden between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 2013. Using multiple Cox regression, pre-specified criminal, sociodemographic, and clinical risk factors were included in a model that was tested for discrimination and calibration in the prediction of violent crime at 12 and 24 months post-discharge...
August 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161654/prevalence-of-various-environmental-intolerances-in-a-swedish-and-finnish-general-population
#13
Kirsi Karvala, Markku Sainio, Eva Palmquist, Maj-Helen Nyback, Steven Nordin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of various environmental intolerances (EIs), using several criteria in a Swedish and a Finnish general population. Ill-health attributed to low-level environmental exposures is a commonly encountered challenge in occupational and environmental medicine. METHODS: In population-based questionnaire surveys, the Västerbotten Environmental Health Study (Sweden) and the Österbotten Environmental Health Study (Finland), EI was inquired by one-item questions on symptom attribution to chemicals, certain buildings, or electromagnetic fields (EMFs), and difficulties tolerating sounds...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161378/health-behaviours-as-a-predictor-of-quitting-hazardous-alcohol-use-in-the-stockholm-public-health-cohort
#14
Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Maria R Galanti
Background: Adopting healthy behaviours may facilitate the transition from hazardous to non-hazardous use of alcohol, yet, longitudinal studies of health behaviours in relation to the cessation of hazardous alcohol use are rare. We addressed this question using data from a large population-based cohort of adults in Sweden (Stockholm Public Health Cohort). Methods: Participants from two sub-cohorts (inception in 2002 and 2010), with follow-up until the year 2014 were included...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161337/age-at-diagnosis-and-prostate-cancer-treatment-and-prognosis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
A Pettersson, D Robinson, H Garmo, L Holmberg, P Stattin
Background: Old age at prostate cancer diagnosis has been associated with poor prognosis in several studies. We aimed to investigate the association between age at diagnosis and prognosis, and if it is independent of tumor characteristics, primary treatment, year of diagnosis, mode of detection and comorbidity. Patients and methods: We conducted a nation-wide cohort study including 121,392 Swedish men aged 55-95 years in Prostate Cancer data Base Sweden (PCBaSe) 3...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160923/pregnancy-weight-gain-by-gestational-age-and-stillbirth-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Kari Johansson, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Lisa M Bodnar, Sven Cnattingius, Olof Stephansson
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between total and early pregnancy (<22 completed weeks) weight gain and risk of stillbirth, stratified by early-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Stockholm-Gotland Region, Sweden. POPULATION: Pregnant women with singleton births (n=160,560). METHODS: Pregnancy weight gain was standardized into gestational age-specific z-scores...
November 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160918/impact-of-weight-loss-and-eating-difficulties-on-health-related-quality-of-life-up-to-10%C3%A2-years-after-oesophagectomy-for-cancer
#17
P Anandavadivelan, A Wikman, A Johar, P Lagergren
BACKGROUND: Severe weight loss is experienced by patients with eating difficulties after surgery for oesophageal cancer. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to asssess the influence of eating difficulties and severe weight loss on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) up to 10 years after oesophagectomy. METHODS: Data on bodyweight and HRQoL were collected at 6 months, 3, 5 and 10 years in patients who underwent surgery for oesophageal cancer in Sweden between 2001 and 2005...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160157/social-support-self-rated-health-and-low-mood-in-people-on-sick-leave-due-to-heart-failure-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Lena Nordgren, Anne Söderlund
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate social support in relation to self-rated health and the prevalence of low mood in people on sick leave due to heart failure. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and 590 individuals on sick leave due to heart failure in Sweden responded to the postal questionnaire. The questions therein concerned received and needed functional and structural support from managers, work colleagues, families and friends. Multivariate analyses were conducted...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159866/administration-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-stage-ii-iii-colon-cancer-patients-a-european-population-based-study
#19
Masoud Babaei, Yesilda Balavarca, Lina Jansen, Valery Lemmens, Felice N van Erning, Liesbet van Eycken, Evelien Vaes, Annika Sjövall, Bengt Glimelius, Cornelia M Ulrich, Petra Schrotz-King, Hermann Brenner
The advantage of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) for treating stage III colon cancer patients is well established and widely accepted. However, many patients with stage III colon cancer do not receive ACT. Moreover, there are controversies around the effectiveness of ACT for stage II patients. We investigated the administration of ACT and its association with overall survival in resected stage II (overall and stratified by low-/high-risk) and stage III colon cancer patients in three European countries including The Netherlands (2009-2014), Belgium (2009-2013), and Sweden (2009-2014)...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159463/a-nationwide-survey-of-the-influence-of-month-of-birth-on-the-risk-of-developing-multiple-sclerosis-in-sweden-and-iceland
#20
Olöf Eliasdottir, Anders Hildeman, Marco Longfils, O Nerman, J Lycke
Previous studies have shown that the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with season of birth with a higher proportion of MS patients being born in spring. However, this relationship has recently been questioned and may be due to confounding factors. Our aim was to assess the influence from season or month of birth on the risk of developing MS in Sweden and Iceland. Information about month of birth, gender, and phenotype of MS for patients born 1940-1996 was retrieved from the Swedish MS registry (SMSR), and their place of birth was retrieved from the Swedish Total Population Registry (TPR)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurology
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