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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742930/information-about-first-trimester-screening-and-self-reported-distress-among-pregnant-women-and-partners-comparing-two-methods-of-information-giving-in-sweden
#1
Peter Lindgren, Magdalena Stadin, Inger Blomberg, Karin Nordin, Hanna Sahlgren, Charlotta Ingvoldstad Malmgren
INTRODUCTION: Balanced information prior to prenatal diagnosis (PND) aims to help expectant parents to make an informed choice. However, it is important that the information does not increase the expectant parents' psychological distress. The aim was to examine psychological distress among expectant parents, before and after receiving information about PND, to evaluate the possible differences between two different procedures of information giving, and to evaluate the association between satisfaction with the information and psychological distress...
July 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740617/supply-side-and-demand-side-policies-for-biosimilars-an-overview-in-10-european-member-states
#2
Cécile Rémuzat, Anna Kapuśniak, Aleksandra Caban, Dan Ionescu, Guerric Radière, Cyril Mendoza, Mondher Toumi
This study aimed to provide an overview of biosimilar policies in 10 EU MSs. Methods: Ten EU MS pharmaceutical markets (Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the UK) were selected. A comprehensive literature review was performed to identify supply-side and demand-side policies in place in the selected countries. Results: Supply-side policies for biosimilars commonly include price linkage, price re-evaluation, and tendering; the use of internal or external reference pricing varies between countries; health technology assessment is conducted in six countries...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738913/cumulative-exposure-to-childhood-adversity-and-treated-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-cohort-study-of-543-650-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#3
E Björkenstam, C Björkenstam, B Jablonska, K Kosidou
BACKGROUND: Though childhood adversity (CA) has been associated with the risk of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about the effect of cumulative CAs and whether there are clusters of CAs that are more closely related with ADHD. METHODS: We used a Swedish cohort of 543 650 individuals born 1987-1991. Register-based CAs included familial death, substantial parental substance abuse and psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation, household public assistance recipiency, and residential instability...
July 25, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738912/changes-in-dietary-intake-following-a-culturally-adapted-lifestyle-intervention-among-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-at-high-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-trial
#4
Faiza Siddiqui, Vicky Winther, Azra Kurbasic, Emily Sonestedt, Katarina Balcker Lundgren, Staffan Lindeberg, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a culturally adapted lifestyle intervention for changing dietary intake, particularly energy, fat and fibre intakes, in the intervention group (IG) compared with the control group (CG). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: IG (n 50) and CG (n 46). The IG was offered seven group sessions, including one cooking class, over a period of 4 months. The participants filled out 4 d food diaries at the start, mid and end of the study...
July 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738835/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-nephrolithiasis-in-patients-with-gout-and-the-general-population-a-cohort-study
#5
A J Landgren, L T H Jacobsson, U Lindström, T Z S Sandström, P Drivelegka, L Björkman, E Fjellstedt, M Dehlin
BACKGROUND: Nephrolithiasis (NL) is known to be associated with gout, although there are few comparative studies on risk and risk factors for NL in gout compared to population cohorts. In this cohort study we investigated: (1) overall incidence of NL in gout (cases) and general population controls; (2) risk and risk factors (common comorbidities and medications) for first-time NL in cases and controls separately. METHODS: Cases (n = 29,968) and age-matched and sex-matched controls (n = 138,678) were identified from the regional healthcare database in western Sweden (VEGA)...
July 24, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737683/increased-risk-of-drug-induced-hyponatremia-during-high-temperatures
#6
Anna K Jönsson, Henrik Lövborg, Wolfgang Lohr, Bertil Ekman, Joacim Rocklöv
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between outdoor temperature in Sweden and the reporting of drug-induced hyponatremia to the Medical Products Agency (MPA). METHODS: All individual adverse drug reactions (ADR) reported to MPA from 1 January 2010 to 31 October 2013 of suspected drug-induced hyponatremia and random controls were identified. Reports where the ADR had been assessed as having at least a possible relation to the suspected drug were included. Information on administered drugs, onset date, causality assessment, sodium levels, and the geographical origin of the reports was extracted...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736487/development-blocks-in-innovation-networks-the-swedish-manufacturing-industry-1970-2007
#7
Josef Taalbi
The notion of development blocks (Dahmén, 1950, 1991) suggests the co-evolution of technologies and industries through complementarities and the overcoming of imbalances. This study proposes and applies a methodology to analyse development blocks empirically. To assess the extent and character of innovational interdependencies between industries the study combines analysis of innovation biographies and statistical network analysis. This is made possible by using data from a newly constructed innovation output database for Sweden...
2017: Journal of Evolutionary Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736455/using-kaizen-to-improve-employee-well-being-results-from-two-organizational-intervention-studies
#8
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina M Nielsen, Terese Stenfors-Hayes, Henna Hasson
Participatory intervention approaches that are embedded in existing organizational structures may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizational interventions, but concrete tools are lacking. In the present article, we use a realist evaluation approach to explore the role of kaizen, a lean tool for participatory continuous improvement, in improving employee well-being in two cluster-randomized, controlled participatory intervention studies. Case 1 is from the Danish Postal Service, where kaizen boards were used to implement action plans...
August 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735704/effect-of-remote-cesarean-delivery-on-complications-during-hysterectomy-a-cohort-study
#9
Susanne Hesselman, Ulf Högberg, Maria Jonsson
BACKGROUND: Cesarean section is frequently performed worldwide, and follow-up studies reporting complications at subsequent surgery are warranted. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between a previous abdominal delivery and complications during a subsequent hysterectomy, and to estimate the fraction of complications driven by the presence of adhesions. STUDY DESIGN: This was a longitudinal population based register study of 25354 women undergoing a benign hysterectomy at 46 hospital units in Sweden 2000-2014...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735379/multidisciplinary-management-of-clival-chordomas-long-term-clinical-outcome-in-a-single-institution-consecutive-series
#10
Petter Förander, Jiri Bartek, Michael Fagerlund, Hamza Benmaklouf, Ernest Dodoo, Alia Shamikh, Pär Stjärne, Tiit Mathiesen
OBJECTIVE: Chordomas of the skull base have high recurrence rates even after radical resection and adjuvant radiotherapy. We evaluate the long-term clinical outcome using multidisciplinary management in the treatment of clival chordomas. METHODS: Between 1984 and 2015, 22 patients diagnosed with an intracranial chordoma were treated at the Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Sixteen of 22 were treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for tumour residual or progression during the disease course...
July 22, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735181/effects-of-cellulose-degradation-products-on-the-mobility-of-eu-iii-in-repositories-for-low-and-intermediate-level-radioactive-waste
#11
Veronica Diesen, Kerstin Forsberg, Mats Jonsson
The deep repository for low and intermediate level radioactive waste SFR in Sweden will contain large amounts of cellulosic waste materials contaminated with radionuclides. Over time the repository will be filled with water and alkaline conditions will prevail. In the present study degradation of cellulosic materials and the ability of cellulosic degradation products to solubilize and thereby mobilise Eu(III) under repository conditions has been investigated. Further, the possible immobilization of Eu(III) by sorption onto cement in the presence of degradation products has been investigated...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735168/impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-depression-in-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-478-141-individuals-in-sweden
#12
Emma Björkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern
OBJECTIVE: Although the relationship between childhood adversity (CA) and depression is widely accepted, there is little information on what proportion of depression is attributable to CA. METHOD: We used a Swedish cohort of 478,141 individuals born in 1984-1988 in Sweden. Register-based CA indicators included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric morbidity, parental criminality, parental separation, public assistance recipiency, child welfare intervention, and residential instability...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734575/outcomes-associated-to-serum-phosphate-levels-in-patients-with-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
Hong Xu, Marie Evans, Alessandro Gasparini, Karolina Szummer, Jonas Spaak, Johan Ärnlöv, Bengt Lindholm, Tomas Jernberg, Juan Jesús Carrero
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between phosphate and the risk of adverse clinical outcomes in patients with manifest cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Observational study of patients hospitalized during 2006-2011 in Stockholm, Sweden, because of suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The exposure was serum phosphate during the hospitalization. We modeled the association between phosphate and in-hospital death or in-hospital events (composite of myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, resuscitated cardiac arrest, atrial fibrillation, or atrioventricular block) as well as the one-year post-discharge risk of death or cardiovascular event (composite of myocardial re-infarction, heart failure and stroke)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734133/physicians-self-reported-practice-behaviour-regarding-fertility-related-discussions-in-paediatric-oncology-in-sweden
#14
G M Armuand, J Nilsson, K A Rodriguez-Wallberg, J Malmros, J Arvidson, C Lampic, L Wettergren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate practice behaviours of Swedish physicians with regard to discussing the impact of cancer treatment on fertility with paediatric oncology patients and their parents, and to identify factors associated with such discussions. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted targeting all physicians in Sweden working in paediatric oncology care settings. Participants responded to a questionnaire measuring practice behaviour, attitudes, barriers, and confidence in knowledge...
July 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733181/caring-for-a-person-with-dementia-on-the-margins-of-long-term-care-a-perspective-on-burden-from-8-european-countries
#15
Caroline Sutcliffe, Clarissa Giebel, Michel Bleijlevens, Connie Lethin, Minna Stolt, Kai Saks, Maria E Soto, Gabriele Meyer, Adelaida Zabalegui, Helen Chester, David Challis
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations between carer burden and characteristics of (1) the informal carer, (2) the person with dementia, and (3) the care support network in 8 European countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: People with dementia judged at risk of admission to long-term care (LTC) facilities in 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1223 people with dementia supported by community services at home or receiving day care or respite care and their informal carers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732829/budesonide%C3%A2-%C3%A2-formoterol-delivered-via-spiromax-%C3%A2-for-the-management-of-asthma-and-copd-the-potential-impact-on-unscheduled-healthcare-costs-of-improving-inhalation-technique-compared-with-turbuhaler-%C3%A2
#16
A Lewis, S Torvinen, P N R Dekhuijzen, H Chrystyn, A Melani, Y Zöllner, K Kolbe, A T Watson, M Blackney, A Plich
BACKGROUND: Fixed-dose combinations of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β2 agonists are commonly used for the treatment of asthma and COPD. However, the most frequently prescribed dry powder inhaler delivering this medicine - Symbicort(®) (budesonide and formoterol, BF) Turbuhaler(®) - is associated with poor inhalation technique, which can lead to poor disease control and high disease management costs. A recent study showed that patients make fewer inhaler errors when using the novel DuoResp(®) (BF) Spiromax(®) inhaler, compared with BF Turbuhaler(®)...
August 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732550/epidemiology-of-taeniosis-cysticercosis-in-europe-a-systematic-review-western-europe
#17
REVIEW
Minerva Laranjo-González, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Chiara Trevisan, Alberto Allepuz, Smaragda Sotiraki, Annette Abraham, Mariana Boaventura Afonso, Joachim Blocher, Luís Cardoso, José Manuel Correia da Costa, Pierre Dorny, Sarah Gabriël, Jacinto Gomes, María Ángeles Gómez-Morales, Pikka Jokelainen, Miriam Kaminski, Brane Krt, Pascal Magnussen, Lucy J Robertson, Veronika Schmidt, Erich Schmutzhard, G Suzanne A Smit, Barbara Šoba, Christen Rune Stensvold, Jože Starič, Karin Troell, Aleksandra Vergles Rataj, Madalena Vieira-Pinto, Manuela Vilhena, Nicola Ann Wardrop, Andrea S Winkler, Veronique Dermauw
BACKGROUND: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In this study, we aimed to update the current knowledge on the epidemiology of these parasites in this region. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of scientific and grey literature published from 1990 to 2015 on the epidemiology of T. saginata and T. solium in humans and animals...
July 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732210/nursing-as-universal-and-recognisable-nursing-students-perceptions-of-learning-outcomes-from-intercultural-peer-learning-webinars-a-qualitative-study
#18
Elisabeth Carlson, Marie Stenberg, Bessie Chan, Sukki Ho, Timothy Lai, Arkers Wong, Engle Angela Chan
Nursing students need to be prepared for the increasingly culturally diverse health care. Therefore, providing students with international perspectives remains the mission of higher education. However, given the logistic and financial constraints, not all students will be able to travel overseas for their international experiences. A feasible alternative to study abroad is internationalisation-at-home where intercultural dimensions are incorporated into curriculum, without students leaving their home universities...
July 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731931/renal-function-and-its-association-with-blood-pressure-in-middle-eastern-immigrants-and-native-swedes
#19
Christopher Nilsson, Anders Christensson, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND: Iraqi-born immigrants residing in Sweden are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity and hyperlipidemia compared with native Swedes. Paradoxically, hypertension is less prevalent in this immigrant population. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in renal function and further if differences in blood pressure (BP) levels were associated with differences across ethnicities in renal function as a possible explanation to the paradox. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study of men and women, born in Iraq or Sweden, aged 30-75 years was conducted in Malmö, Sweden, from 2010 to 2012...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731581/the-inherited-risk-of-retained-placenta-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Margit Endler, Sven Cnattingius, Michaela Granfors, Anna-Karin Wikström
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether retained placenta in the first generation is associated with an increased risk of retained placenta in the second generation. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Using linked generational data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register 1973-2012, we identified 494,000 second generation births with information on the birth of the mother (first generation index birth)...
July 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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