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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911044/utilization-of-stimulants-and-atomoxetine-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-5-4-million-children-using-population-based-longitudinal-data
#1
Kari Furu, Øystein Karlstad, Helga Zoega, Jaana E Martikainen, Shahram Bahmanyar, Helle Kieler, Anton Pottegård
Use of stimulants to treat Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased over the past two decades and varies substantially between countries. The objective of this multinational population-based study was to examine utilization of ADHD drugs (stimulants and atomoxetine) including co-medication with other psychothropic drugs in the entire child population in the five Nordic countries. We included longitudinal data on dispensed ADHD drugs from five Nordic prescription registers during 2008-2012; which in 2012 comprised 48,296 individuals among 5...
December 2, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910119/the-significance-of-meaningful-and-enjoyable-activities-for-nursing-home-resident-s-experiences-of-dignity
#2
Åshild Slettebø, Berit Saeteren, Synnøve Caspari, Vibeke Lohne, Arne Wilhelm Rehnsfeldt, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Britt Lillestø, Bente Høy, Maj-Britt Råholm, Lillemor Lindwall, Trygve Aasgaard, Dagfinn Nåden
BACKGROUND: Living in a nursing home may be challenging to the residents' experience of dignity. Residents' perception of how their dignity is respected in everyday care is important. AIM: To examine how nursing home residents experience dignity through the provision of activities that foster meaning and joy in their daily life. METHOD: A qualitative design was used and 28 individual semistructured interviews conducted with nursing home residents from six nursing homes in Denmark, Norway and Sweden...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909142/disease-activity-and-increased-risk-of-cardiovascular-death-among-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#3
Kristina Juneblad, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist, Gerd-Marie Alenius
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies indicate increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), but results are inconsistent. This prompted our investigation of the mortality rate, cause of death, and incidence of acute CV events in patients from northern Sweden with PsA. METHODS: Patients with established PsA (464) were included. To calculate standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for CV events, data were extracted from the National Causes of Death Register and the National Inpatient Care Register in Sweden, and compared with the general population...
December 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906196/population-based-reference-curve-for-umbilical-cord-arterial-ph-in-infants-born-at-28-to-42-weeks
#4
B Skiöld, G Petersson, M Ahlberg, O Stephansson, S Johansson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine normal variations of umbilical cord arterial pH by gestational age (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cohort study of 46 199 infants born from 2008 to 2014 in Stockholm, Sweden, with GA 28 to 42 weeks, Apgar score ⩾7 at 5 min, non-instrumental vaginal delivery, and birth weight for GA⩾3rd and ⩽97th percentile. Quantile regression was used to investigate the associations between GA and infant sex, and pH...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906045/smoking-is-associated-with-the-concurrent-presence-of-multiple-autoantibodies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-rather-than-with-anti-citrullinated-protein-antibodies-per-se-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#5
Tineke J van Wesemael, Sofia Ajeganova, Jennifer Humphreys, Chikashi Terao, Ammar Muhammad, Deborah P M Symmons, Alex J MacGregor, Ingiäld Hafström, Leendert A Trouw, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil, Tom W J Huizinga, Tsuneyo Mimori, René E M Toes, Fumihiko Matsuda, Björn Svensson, Suzanne M M Verstappen, Diane van der Woude
BACKGROUND: The contribution of smoking to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is hypothesized to be mediated through formation of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA). In RA, however, autoantibodies such as ACPA, rheumatoid factor (RF), and anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (anti-CarP) often occur together, and it is thus unclear whether smoking is specifically associated with some autoantibodies rather than others. We therefore investigated whether smoking is only associated with ACPA or with the presence of multiple RA-related autoantibodies...
December 1, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904972/the-influence-of-preoperative-symptoms-on-the-death-of-patients-with-small-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#6
John Eriksson, Hans Garmo, Per Hellman, Catharina Ihre-Lundgren
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are uncommon tumors with an annual incidence of about 1 per 100,000. Usually, SI-NETs have a slow progression, and patients often present with generalized disease. Many patients do well, and the disease has a relatively favorable 5-year survival rate. Some SI-NETs, however, have a more negative prognosis. This study aimed to establish prognostic factors for death identifiable at primary surgery. METHODS: A nested case-control study investigated 1150 patients from the cohort of all patients with a diagnosis of SI-NETs in Sweden between 1961 and 2001...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903055/local-landscape-effects-on-population-dynamics-of-ixodes-ricinus
#7
Naveed Asghar, Mona Petersson, Magnus Johansson, Patrik Dinnetz
Ixodes ricinus, a common tick in Europe, transmits severe tickborne pathogens (TBPs). In Sweden, both prevalence and incidence of tick-borne infections have increased during the last few decades, and a majority of the cases is reported from the area around Stockholm. Among ticks, transmission of TBPs involves co-feeding of susceptible larvae or nymphs with infected ticks on the same host. Seasonal synchrony of immature stages and total tick abundance are important factors for the probability of horizontal transmission of TBPs...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903013/isoflurane-associated-mydriasis-mimicking-blown-pupils-in-a-patient-treated-in-a-neurointensive-care-unit
#8
Eva Magdalena Korf, Volker Martin Tronnier, Jan Gliemroth, Jan Nils Küchler
We report a misinterpretation of bilateral mydriasis as blown pupils related to elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) under volatile sedation with isoflurane (Anesthetic Conserving Device [AnaConDa], Hudson RCI, Uppland Vasby, Sweden) in a 59-year-old patient with a severe traumatic brain injury with frontal contusion. The patient showed bilateral mydriasis and a missing light reflex 8 hours after changing sedation from intravenous treatment with midazolam and esketamine to volatile administration of isoflurane...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902694/hospital-admission-and-criminality-associated-with-substance-misuse-in-young-refugees-a-swedish-national-cohort-study
#9
Hélio Manhica, Karl Gauffin, Ylva B Almqvist, Mikael Rostila, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health problems have been described in young refugees, but few studies have been conducted on substance misuse. This study aimed to investigate the patterns of hospital care and criminality associated with substance misuse in refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers. METHODS: Gender stratified Cox regression models were used to estimate the risks of criminal convictions and hospital care associated with substance misuse from national Swedish data for 2005-2012...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902126/big-fall-in-parents-income-after-childhood-cancer-diagnosis
#10
(no author information available yet)
Childhood cancer adversely affects parents' income and employment for many years after the child's diagnosis, say researchers from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901591/driving-restrictions-post-stroke-physicians-compliance-with-regulations
#11
Selina Mårdh, Pamela Mårdh, Anna Anund
Objective Suffering a stroke might lead to permanent cognitive and/or physical impairment. It has been shown that these impairments could have an impact on the individual's fitness to drive. In Sweden, as in many other countries, there are regulations on driving cessation post-stroke. The information on driving cessation should be given to all patients and noted in the journal. The present study sought to find out physician's compliance to driving regulations post-stroke as well as follow-up and gender aspects...
November 30, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900931/hiv-positive-migrants-encounters-with-the-swedish-health-care-system
#12
Manijeh Mehdiyar, Rune Andersson, Katarina Hjelm, Lene Povlsen
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive migrants and their experiences in the Swedish health care system. It is necessary to increase our knowledge in this field to improve the quality of care and social support for this vulnerable group of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of HIV-positive migrants and their encounters with the health care system in Sweden. DESIGN: This is a Grounded Theory study based on qualitative interviews with 14 HIV-positive migrants living in Sweden, aged 29-55 years...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900930/availability-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-primary-care-for-patients-with-copd-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#13
Mats Arne, Margareta Emtner, Karin Lisspers, Karin Wadell, Björn Ställberg
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important, evidence-based component for the management of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In daily practice, the majority of COPD patients are treated in primary care. However, information about the availability of PR in primary care in Sweden is lacking. The aim was to investigate the availability of rehabilitation resources in primary care settings for patients with COPD in Sweden. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied, using web-based questionnaires sent to all primary care centres in four regions, comprising more than half of the 9...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900166/concussed-athletes-are-more-prone-to-injury-both-before-and-after-their-index-concussion-a-data-base-analysis-of-699-concussed-contact-sports-athletes
#14
Erik Burman, Jack Lysholm, Pashtun Shahim, Christer Malm, Yelverton Tegner
BACKGROUND: Ice hockey and football players suffering concussions might have an increased risk for injuries afterwards. We aimed to investigate if concussions predisposed athletes for subsequent sport injuries. METHODS: Patient data were obtained from a data base established at the University Hospital in Umea, Sweden. Athletes who had suffered a concussion were included if they had been aged between 15 and 35 years of age, and played ice hockey, football (soccer), floorball and handball...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899371/refractive-improvements-and-safety-with-topography-guided-corneal-crosslinking-for-keratoconus-1-year-results
#15
Maria Nordström, Maria Schiller, Anneli Fredriksson, Anders Behndig
PURPOSE: To assess the refractive improvements and the corneal endothelial safety of an individualised topography-guided regimen for corneal crosslinking in progressive keratoconus. METHODS: An open-label prospective randomised clinical trial was performed at the Department of Clinical Sciences, Ophthalmology, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden. Thirty-seven patients (50 eyes) with progressive keratoconus planned for corneal crosslinking were included. The patients were randomised to topography-guided crosslinking (photorefractive intrastromal crosslinking (PiXL); n=25) or uniform 9 mm crosslinking (corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL); n=25)...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899131/support-for-targeted-sampling-of-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-feces-in-sweden-a-method-to-improve-the-probability-of-finding-echinococcus-multilocularis
#16
Andrea L Miller, Gert E Olsson, Sofia Sollenberg, Moa Skarin, Helene Wahlström, Johan Höglund
BACKGROUND: Localized concentrations of Echinococcus multilocularis eggs from feces of infected red fox (Vulpes vulpes) can create areas of higher transmission risk for rodent hosts and possibly also for humans; therefore, identification of these areas is important. However, in a low prevalence environment, such as Sweden, these areas could be easily overlooked. As part of a project investigating the role of different rodents in the epidemiology of E. multilocularis in Sweden, fox feces were collected seasonally from rodent trapping sites in two regions with known parasite status and in two regions with unknown parasite status, 2013-2015...
November 29, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899049/underreporting-of-complete-uterine-rupture-and-uterine-dehiscence-in-women-with-previous-cesarean-section
#17
Maria Fogelberg, Anton Baranov, Andreas Herbst, Olga Vikhareva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the true incidence of complete uterine rupture and uterine dehiscence among women delivered by cesarean section after a previous cesarean section. METHODS: Medical records of all women who delivered at University Hospital in Malmö, Sweden, during 2005-2009 (n = 21420) were retrieved from the electronic patient record system (EPRS). After adjustment for inaccuracies, 716 women who had undergone repeat cesarean section were identified and their operation reports were reviewed...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898905/opportunities-for-genomic-prediction-for-fertility-using-endocrine-and-classical-fertility-traits-in-dairy-cattle
#18
A M M Tenghe, B Berglund, E Wall, R F Veerkamp, D J de Koning
Endocrine fertility traits, defined from progesterone concentration levels in milk, have been suggested as alternative indicators for fertility in dairy cows because they are less biased by farm management decisions and more directly reflect a cow's reproductive physiology than classical traits derived from insemination and calving data. To determine the potential use of endocrine fertility traits in genomic evaluations, the improvement in accuracy from using endocrine fertility traits concurrent with classical traits in the genomic prediction of fertility was quantified...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898718/pollen-season-trends-1973-2013-in-stockholm-area-sweden
#19
Tomas Lind, Agneta Ekebom, Kerstin Alm Kübler, Pia Östensson, Tom Bellander, Mare Lõhmus
In the present study, the phenological and quantitative changes in the pollen seasons between 1973 and 2013 in the Stockholm region of Sweden were studied for nine types of pollen (hazel, alder, elm, birch, oak, grass, mugwort, willow and pine). Linear regression models were used to estimate the long term trends in duration, start- and end-dates, peak-values and the yearly accumulated pollen sums of the pollen seasons. The pollen seasons of several arboreal plant species (e.g. birch, oak and pine) were found to start significantly earlier today compared to 41 years earlier, and have an earlier peak-date, while the season of other species seemed largely unaffected...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898309/diverging-temporal-trends-of-human-exposure-to-bisphenols-and-plastizisers-such-as-phthalates-caused-by-substitution-of-legacy-edcs
#20
Irina Gyllenhammar, Anders Glynn, Bo A G Jönsson, Christian H Lindh, Per Ola Darnerud, Kettil Svensson, Sanna Lignell
Phthalates and phenolic substances were investigated in urine samples from first-time mothers in Uppsala, Sweden, collected between 2009 and 2014. These substances have a comparably fast metabolism and urinary metabolites are predominantly analysed. The main aim was to investigate if measures to decrease production and use of certain phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA) have resulted in decreased human exposure, and to determine if exposures to replacement chemicals have increased. Temporal trends were evaluated for metabolites (n=13) of seven phthalates, a phthalate replacer, four different bisphenols, triclosan, one organophosphate-based flame retardant, and for two pesticides...
November 26, 2016: Environmental Research
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