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Heng-Hui Lien, Sang-Feng Hsu, Shu-Chen Chen, Jiann-Horng Yeh
BACKGROUND: We report on interns' clinical competence and experiences of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) training program over 3 years. We aimed to determine whether repeated formative OSCEs allow teaching hospitals to improve the effectiveness of clinical training and help interns to achieve high scores in the national summative OSCE. METHODS: This study included 207 participants, among whom 82 were interns who had completed four mock OSCEs and a national OSCE at the clinical center of Cathay General Hospital (CGH)...
October 14, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Susannah Ahern, Geoffrey J McColl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Heather G Mack, Helena Filipe, Karl Golnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Priyantha Udaya Kumara Ralapanawa, Kushalee Poornima Jayawickreme, Ekanayake Mudiyanselage Madhushanka Ekanayake, Pallegoda Vithanage Ranjith Kumarasiri
BACKGROUND: Advanced life support (ALS) and cardio pulmonary resuscitation, provided at the right time is essential for improving mortality in medical emergencies. Accurate knowledge and skills on this regard, in all medical personals is an essential part of medical education and it should be up to date with varying protocols. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes among the undergraduate medical students and medical officers in the Teaching Hospital Peradeniya and provide suggestions to improve the training programme on ALS...
October 12, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Ayşen Esen Danacı, Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Orkun Aydın, Cengiz Cengisiz, A Burak Uykur
OBJECTIVE: It has been widely acknowledged that the community and health professionals hold negative attitudes toward patients with impaired mental health. This constitutes a majör obstacle for those patients in coping with their disease, managing their care, and hence regulating their lives. Although studies carried out in Turkey document the presence of stigma, they provide limited information about the ways for solving this problem. Drawing on the litrature, the present study investigated the effect of medical education on stigmatization...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Jeremy Staff, Megan E Patrick, John E Schulenberg
This study examines the impact of the "Great Recession" (from December 2007 to June 2009) on 8th and 10th graders in the USA, using annual nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future study. Historical changes in youth adjustment (self-esteem, depressed mood, risk taking, aggression and property crime), school achievement (grade point average [GPA], time spent on homework and educational expectations) and structured and unstructured activities (volunteering, employment, sports and evenings out for fun) were examined between 1991 and 2014...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Claude Ferrand, Robert Courtois, Guillaume Martinent, Michèle Rivière, Emmanuel Rusch
The present study examined the relationships between work-related characteristics in internships, psychological needs satisfaction, motivation and mental health using a partial least squares path modeling. Midwifery students (N = 214; Mage = 22.8 years) from three French schools completed different questionnaires online. Results showed (1) the importance of work resources (work control and social support) as protective factors of psychological needs satisfaction; and (2) the role of competence need satisfaction through motivation in the relationships between work resources and mental health...
August 16, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Laura A Janzen, Sharon Guger
OBJECTIVE: This invited paper provides information about professional neuropsychology issues in Canada and is part of a special issue addressing international perspectives on education, training, and practice in clinical neuropsychology. METHOD: Information was gathered from literature searches and personal communication with other neuropsychologists in Canada. RESULTS: Canada has a rich neuropsychological history. Neuropsychologists typically have doctoral-level education including relevant coursework and supervised practical experience...
August 9, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
M Rüsseler, A Schill, P Kalozoumi-Paisi, C Ganzert, L Arheilger, J Sterz, T Kollewe, S H Hoefer, F Adili
Introduction: Practical clinical expertise is a crucial part of medical professionalism. Several studies have shown that medical students are poorly trained in practical skills during their undergraduate training. Even the students rated their own expertise in practical skills as poor. The amendments to the German Regulating Licenses in Practical Medicine are intended to strengthen practical clinical training. The aim of the present study is to use focus groups to analyse practical clinical training with respect to organisation, difficulties and problems from the learners' perspective...
September 27, 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Jyh-Gang Hsieh, Mutsu Hsu, Ying-Wei Wang
PURPOSE: To use mini-ethnographies narrating patient illness to improve the cultural competence of the medical students. METHODS: Between September 2013 and June 2015, all sixth-year medical students doing their internship at a medical center in eastern Taiwan were trained to write mini-ethnographies for one of the patients in their care. The mini-ethnographies were analyzed by authors with focus on the various aspects of cultural sensitivity and a holistic care approach...
2016: Medical Education Online
Cristina M Beltran-Aroca, Eloy Girela-Lopez, Eliseo Collazo-Chao, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero, Maria C Muñoz-Villanueva
BACKGROUND: Respect for confidentiality is important to safeguard the well-being of patients and ensure the confidence of society in the doctor-patient relationship. The aim of our study is to examine real situations in which there has been a breach of confidentiality, by means of direct observation in clinical practice. METHODS: By means of direct observation, our study examines real situations in which there has been a breach of confidentiality in a tertiary hospital...
2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Carly B Gilson, Erik W Carter
The employment outcomes for young adults with autism or intellectual disability (ID) lag far behind those of their peers without disabilities. Most postsecondary education programs for students with disabilities incorporate internship experiences to foster employment skills. However, the proximity of job coaches may inadvertently hinder social opportunities and independence. We used a multiple-probe, single-case experimental design across three college students with autism or ID to examine the effects of a coaching package on task engagement and social interactions...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Li Sun, Ying Gao, Juan Yang, Xiao-Ying Zang, Yao-Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: As newcomers to the clinical workplace, nursing students will encounter a high degree of role stress, which is an important predictor of burnout and engagement. Professional identity is theorised to be a key factor in providing high-quality care to improve patient outcomes and is thought to mediate the negative effects of a high-stress workplace and improve clinical performance and job retention. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the level of nursing students' professional identity and role stress at the end of the first sub-internship, and to explore the impact of the nursing students' professional identity and other characteristics on role stress...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Mira K Desai, Jigar R Panchal, Samdih Shah, Geetha Iyer
OBJECTIVES: To find out the impact of teaching clinical pharmacology and rational therapeutics (CPT) to medical undergraduates (UGs) and interns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted on three UGs batches and interns using two pretested validated structured questionnaires, modified from the work of Tobaiqy et al. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee. ANOVA and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Harsha Dhirubhai Makwana, Nilay N Suthar, Mehul P Gajjar, Advait V Thakor
BACKGROUND: Our existing undergraduate curriculum lacks developing competency for endotracheal intubation. Even though it is a lifesaving procedure, interns are exposed only during their posting in anesthesia or emergency medicine and so, when need arises, they fail to perform endotracheal intubation and it leads to catastrophes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop competency in interns for endotracheal intubation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted on fifty interns of medical college...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Amos Rodger Mwakigonja
BACKGROUND: The School of Medicine (SoM) is one among five at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS). It currently houses eight undergraduate and many post-graduate programmes. The Doctor of Medicine (MD) programme reported herein is the oldest having ten semesters (5 years) followed by a 1 year compulsory rotatory internship at a hospital approved by the Medical Council of Tanganyika (MCT). However, this training was largely knowledge-based and thus the need to shift towards competency-based education (CBE) and full modularization necessitated this study...
2016: BMC Medical Education
C E Runge, A MacKenzie, C Loos, M Waller, M Gabbett, R Mills, D Eley
The Queensland branch of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) commissioned this study to update their workforce profile and examine rural practice. The present investigation aimed to describe characteristics of Queensland physicians and determine the influence of childhood and training locations on current rural practice. A cross-sectional online survey, conducted 4 July-4 November 2013, was administered to Fellows of The RACP, Queensland. Descriptive statistics report characteristics and logistic regression analyses identify associations and interactions...
August 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Yu Lee Park, Ching Wen Huang, Yui Sasaki, Youme Ko, Sunju Park, Seong-Gyu Ko
CONTEXT: China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan have developed modernized education systems in traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide an overview of the education systems in these countries and compare them. METHODS: Data were collected through the websites of government agencies, universities, and relevant organizations. RESULTS: These countries have systemically developed basic medical education (BME), postgraduate medical education (PGME), and continuing medical education (CME) in traditional medicine...
September 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Nursing in Critical Care
Pauline Leonard, Susan Halford, Katie Bruce
The recent economic recession has impacted substantially on the graduate labour market, with many graduates now struggling to find secure employment in professional careers. In this context, temporary, unpaid 'internships' have emerged as increasingly important as a 'way in' to work for this group. Yet while there has been much media and policy debate on internships, academic consideration has been scant. This article begins to address this knowledge gap by drawing on a study of interns in a third sector environmental organisation...
April 2016: Sociology
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