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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156100/doctoral-training-in-clinical-psychology-across-23-years-continuity-and-change
#1
John C Norcross, Michael A Sayette, Andrew M Pomerantz
OBJECTIVE: Doctoral training in clinical psychology has undergone substantial changes in recent decades, especially with the increasing heterogeneity of training models and graduate students. To document these changes, we analyzed program, student, and faculty characteristics of American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited clinical psychology programs over a 23-year span. METHOD: We surveyed directors of clinical training about their doctoral programs every 2 years from 1991 to 2013, securing 90%-98% response rates...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151788/attitudes-toward-mentally-ill-patients-a-comparison-between-romanian-and-international-medical-students
#2
Codruta Alina Popescu, Anca Dana Buzoianu, Soimita Mihaela Suciu, Sebastian Mihai Armean
Background: Stigmatizing attitudes to mental illness, and especially schizophrenia, are not limited to the general population but are also common among health professionals. Health professionals are in a position to model health related attitudes both in the general public and patients. Medical students are an interesting group to focus upon, since they are future health professionals and correcting stigmatizing attitudes is still possible during their educational curriculum. Methods: This study investigated the attitude toward mental illness in medical students at the Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138214/sport-science-internships-for-learning-a-critical-view
#3
EDITORIAL
James J Malone
Sport science has gained vast popularity with students who have an interest in both physiology and the underpinning mechanisms of exercise concerning performance and health. The high numbers of graduates each year, coupled with the low number of graduate positions working in sports, has led to a high level of competition between students. To stand out from the crowd, sport science students may undertake an internship placement as part of their course, designed to enhance theoretical, practical, and soft skills in an applied setting...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121636/improving-diagnostic-sensitivity-of-combined-dermoscopy-and-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-imaging-through-double-reader-concordance-evaluation-in-telemedicine-settings-a-retrospective-study-of-1000-equivocal-cases
#4
A M Witkowski, J Łudzik, F Arginelli, S Bassoli, E Benati, A Casari, N De Carvalho, B De Pace, F Farnetani, A Losi, M Manfredini, C Reggiani, J Malvehy, G Pellacani
BACKGROUND: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is an imaging device that permits non-invasive visualization of cellular morphology and has been shown to improve diagnostic accuracy of dermoscopically equivocal cutaneous lesions. The application of double reader concordance evaluation of dermoscopy-RCM image sets in retrospective settings and its potential application to telemedicine evaluation has not been tested in a large study population. OBJECTIVE: To improve diagnostic sensitivity of RCM image diagnosis using a double reader concordance evaluation approach; to reduce mismanagement of equivocal cutaneous lesions in retrospective consultation and telemedicine settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118275/a-mid-level-dental-provider-in-oregon-dental-hygienists-perceptions
#5
Amy E Coplen, Kathryn Bell, Gail L Aamodt, Lynn Ironside
Purpose: Many states are exploring alternative provider models and examining the role of the dental hygienist to address access to care challenges as the United States continues to face increasing demands for oral healthcare services. The purpose of this study was to assess dental hygienists' opinions in the state of Oregon regarding the current limitations of dental hygienists' scope of practice, perceived need for a mid-level provider in Oregon, and personal interest in becoming a mid-level provider.Methods: In December 2013 a survey was mailed to a sample of 1,231 dental hygienists registered in Oregon representing 30% of the licentiates...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114561/awareness-about-rational-use-of-medicines-among-fresh-bachelor-of-medicine-and-bachelor-of-surgery-graduates
#6
Vijaya Laxman Chaudhari, Smita N Mali, Amruta V Dawari, Tushar B Nishandar
CONTEXT: Fresh Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery graduates (FMGs) are responsible for the majority of prescription errors and irrational use of medicines. Little research has explored their knowledge on rational prescribing practices. AIMS: The present study aimed to evaluate the awareness of rational use of medicines (RUMs) among the FMGs. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A multicentric, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study was conducted among 308 FMGs during the internship orientation program...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114552/introduction-to-clinical-pathology-a-brief-course-of-laboratory-medicine-in-the-field-for-medical-students
#7
Navid Omidifar, Ali Keshtkari, Mohammadreza Dehghani, Mansoureh Shokripour
OBJECTIVES: Teaching of clinical pathology to medical students has been ignored in many countries such as Iran. We aim to introduce a practical brief course and its proper timing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three groups of medical students from consecutive years of entrance passed a 1.5 working day practical course on the field. Their level of knowledge was assessed by pre- and post-tests. Their idea and satisfaction were gathered by questionnaires. RESULTS: Knowledge of students became significantly higher after the course...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109562/a-systematic-meta-ethnographic-review-of-the-beneficial-outcomes-of-international-internships-to-student-pharmacists
#8
REVIEW
Shaylee C Peterson, Maria A Paiva, Kyle John Wilby
Objective. To describe the benefits that pharmacy students gain by completing international internships as a part of their pharmacy education. Methods. A systematic literature search was conducted from database inception to November 2016. Articles that reported on any measure of outcome or impact on student learning were included in the study. A meta-ethnographic approach was used to translate and synthesize findings. Results. Analysis of the reported outcomes produced nine distinct themes: cultural awareness, collaboration, communication, clinical skills, knowledge, adaptability, compassion, confidence, and personal growth...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105357/an-exploration-of-nursing-students-clinical-decision-making-process
#9
Ayten Zaybak, Handan Özdemir, Ahmet Erol, Elif Günay Ismailoğlu
PURPOSE: This study was carried out descriptively and retrospectively with the purpose of determining nursing diagnoses used by intern students in their clinical practice. METHODS: The study data were obtained by checking the care plans of the internship files of 248 students studying at a nursing faculty. FINDINGS: The students determined 77 different nursing diagnoses in 13 domains of North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA)-I taxonomy II...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098597/smart-r-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-a-resilience-curriculum-for-residents-by-residents
#10
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a resident-led resiliency curriculum developed by residents, for residents. METHODS: The Stress Management and Resiliency Training Program for Residents (SMART-R) is a 6-h group-based curriculum that teaches meditation, behavioral skills, and positive perspective-taking strategies. SMART-R was implemented for all medicine and psychiatry interns at a large US teaching hospital during the first 6 months of internship...
November 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084311/work-family-conflict-and-the-sex-difference-in-depression-among-training-physicians
#11
Constance Guille, Elena Frank, Zhuo Zhao, David A Kalmbach, Paul J Nietert, Douglas A Mata, Srijan Sen
Importance: Depression is common among training physicians and may disproportionately affect women. The identification of modifiable risk factors is key to reducing this disease burden and its negative impact on patient care and physician career attrition. Objective: To determine the presence and magnitude of a sex difference in depressive symptoms and work-family conflict among training physicians; and if work-family conflict impacts the sex difference in depressive symptoms among training physicians...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074506/tricks-of-the-trade-time-management-tips-for-newly-qualified-doctors
#12
Gozie Offiah, Eva Doherty
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to doctor is an important milestone. The discovery that their time is no longer their own and that the demands of their job are greater than the time they have available is extremely challenging. METHODS: At a recent surgical boot camp training programme, 60 first-year surgical trainees who had just completed their internship were invited to reflect on the lessons learnt regarding effective time management and to recommend tips for their newly qualified colleagues...
October 26, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057778/survey-of-careers-and-achievements-on-delegates-in-jsrt-international-delegation-projects
#13
Masato Kobayashi, Rie Tanaka, Kosuke Matsubara, Shigeaki Morioka, Katsumi Tsujioka, Hidetaka Arimura, Katsuhiko Ueda, Akio Ogura, Tosiaki Miyati
Japanese society of radiological technology (JSRT) categorizes three international delegation projects; short-term studying abroad program (STSAP), international academic society visit program (overseas) (IASVP), and international internship visit program (Stanford University) (IIVP) for driving globalization of JSRT. In this survey, we conducted a questionnaire evaluating effectiveness of the international delegations. The survey covered 50 delegates of STSAP, 180 delegates of IASVP, and 100 delegates of IIVP...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051302/diary-of-a-parliamentary-intern
#14
(no author information available yet)
Two years ago I started my internship at the House of Lords. It was a leap of faith that took me far away from the familiar world of small animal clinical practice. Now, as I sit to write my final diary piece, I wonder: was it all worth it?
October 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026844/an-interprofessional-collaboration-between-medicine-and-pharmacy-schools-designing-and-evaluating-a-teaching-program-on-practical-prescribing
#15
Mohammad Reza Javadi, Mina Khezrian, Anahita Sadeghi, Seyed Hossein Hajimiri, Kaveh Eslami
OBJECTIVE: Medical students need proper education in drug prescription. The aim of the present study is to introduce a course that improves the students' prescribing skills and also promotes an interprofessional collaboration between medicine and pharmacy schools. METHODS: This study was done in a skill laboratory at the pharmacotherapy department of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The course was an 18-h interactive workshop in 3 days under the supervision of clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022186/response-distortion-on-personality-tests-in-applicants-comparing-high-stakes-to-low-stakes-medical-settings
#16
Jeromy Anglim, Stefan Bozic, Jonathon Little, Filip Lievens
The current study examined the degree to which applicants applying for medical internships distort their responses to personality tests and assessed whether this response distortion led to reduced predictive validity. The applicant sample (n = 530) completed the NEO Personality Inventory whilst applying for one of 60 positions as first-year post-graduate medical interns. Predictive validity was assessed using university grades, averaged over the entire medical degree. Applicant responses for the Big Five (i...
October 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020682/the-impact-of-theoretical-orientation-and-training-on-preference-for-diagnostic-models-of-personality-pathology
#17
Amy Paggeot, Sharon Nelson, Steven Huprich
The role of theoretical orientation in determining preference for different methods of diagnosis has been largely unexplored. The goal of the present study was to explore ratings of the usefulness of 4 diagnostic methods after applying them to a patient: prototype ratings derived from the SWAP-II, the DSM-5 Section III specific personality disorders, the DSM-5 Section III trait model, and prototype ratings derived from the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM). Three hundred and twenty-nine trainees in APA-accredited doctoral programs and internships rated one of their current patients with each of the 4 diagnostic methods...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991600/the-effects-of-reflective-training-on-the-disposition-of-critical-thinking-for-nursing-students-in-china-a-controlled-trial
#18
Caihong Zhang, Huiying Fan, Jieqiong Xia, Honghua Guo, Xinjun Jiang, Yane Yan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of reflective trainings for nursing students on their critical thinking disposition. METHODS: A total of 157 senior undergraduate nursing students sampled from Hainan Medical University in China participated in this study in 2014. They were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group students were provided the reflective training during their entire 12-month clinical internship, whereas students in the control group were requested to keep their reflective diaries but without a formal training...
September 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990151/burnout-and-stress-amongst-interns-in-irish-hospitals-contributing-factors-and-potential-solutions
#19
E Hannan, N Breslin, E Doherty, M McGreal, D Moneley, G Offiah
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical school to internship can be daunting for newly qualified doctors. High rates of stress and burnout have been reported, with negative impacts on patient care and physician wellbeing. AIMS: We surveyed interns in our hospital group to evaluate rates of stress and burnout, as well as identify the causative factors and propose potential solutions to these. METHODS: A hundred and one interns working in four different hospitals over a 2-year period were invited to participate in an anonymous survey...
October 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977234/developing-skills-learning-in-obstetric-nursing-approaches-between-theory-and-practice
#20
Maria de Fátima Gomes Lima, Alice Maria Correia Pequeno, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Cleide Carneiro, Ana Patrícia Pereira Morais, Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros
Objective: To analyze the development of professional skills in an obstetric nursing graduate course. Method: Qualitative research, applying semi-structured interviews with 11 students in the obstetric nursing specialization at the State University of Ceará. Data was submitted to thematic review. Results: According to the subjects, the course offers the development of skills to strengthen and expand the range of activities in obstetric nursing...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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