keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thoracics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223683/a-method-to-combine-target-volume-data-from-3d-and-4d-planned-thoracic-radiotherapy-patient-cohorts-for-machine-learning-applications
#1
Corinne Johnson, Gareth Price, Jonathan Khalifa, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Andre Dekker, Christopher Moore, Marcel van Herk
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The gross tumour volume (GTV) is predictive of clinical outcome and consequently features in many machine-learned models. 4D-planning, however, has prompted substitution of the GTV with the internal gross target volume (iGTV). We present and validate a method to synthesise GTV data from the iGTV, allowing the combination of 3D and 4D planned patient cohorts for modelling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expert delineations in 40 non-small cell lung cancer patients were used to develop linear fit and erosion methods to synthesise the GTV volume and shape...
December 6, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223609/-recurrent-postpartum-pyoderma-gangrenosum-and-fatal-cardiomyopathy
#2
I Naciri, M Meziane, L Benzekri, M Ghaouti, K Senouci, B Hassam
BACKGROUND: We report a case of recurrent post-partum pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) complicated by post-partum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 23-year-old woman presented with a previous medical history of aseptic abscess of the left breast in her fourth pregnancy, which developed after surgical drainage of an inflammatory ulceration treated by atraumatic topical care. During her fifth pregnancy, the patient presented a large and painful ulceration in relation to the scar of the Caesarean section, despite the introduction of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy...
December 6, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223423/the-requirement-of-sutures-to-close-intercostal-drains-site-wounds-in-thoracic-surgery
#3
Jeremy L C Smelt, Natalie Simon, Lukacs Veres, Karen Harrison-Phipps, Andrea Bille
BACKGROUND: Chest drains are used routinely in thoracic surgery. Often a pursestring or mattress suture is used to facilitate closure of the defect on removal of the drain. This stitch can cause an unsightly scar, increase drain removal pain, and necessitate that the patient attend a community health care center to have this removed. The objective of this study was to assess whether this stitch is necessary in modern thoracic surgical practice. METHODS: Data from a single surgeon's practice were collected over an 18-month period...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223322/systemic-administration-of-epothilone-d-improves-functional-recovery-of-walking-after-rat-spinal-cord-contusion-injury
#4
Jörg Ruschel, Frank Bradke
Central nervous system (CNS) injuries cause permanent impairments of sensorimotor functions as mature neurons fail to regenerate their severed axons. The poor intrinsic growth capacity of adult CNS neurons and the formation of an inhibitory lesion scar are key impediments to axon regeneration. Systemic administration of the microtubule stabilizing agent epothilone B promotes axon regeneration and recovery of motor function by activating the intrinsic axonal growth machinery and by reducing the inhibitory fibrotic lesion scar...
December 6, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223272/a-49-year-old-woman-with-right-apical-thoracic-mass
#5
Yevgeniy A Linnik, Dagmar Hoegemann Savellano, Joseph D Phillips, Candice C Black
A 49-year-old woman with a medical history of essential hypertension presented to the ED with severe pain in the left superior chest and dull aching pain in the upper flank, lasting for the last 2 days.
December 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223168/serious-gastric-perforation-after-second-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-peripheral-lung-cancer-that-recurred-after-initial-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#6
Hotaka Nonaka, Hiroshi Onishi, Masatoki Ozaki, Kengo Kuriyama, Takafumi Komiyama, Ryo Saito
BACKGROUND: In recent reports, re-irradiation with stereotactic body radiotherapy for lung tumors in patients previously treated with thoracic radiation therapy resulted in several serious toxicities. Serious non-lung toxicities were observed mostly in patients with central tumors, but we experienced a case of fatal gastric perforation after a second stereotactic body radiotherapy in a patient with a peripheral lung tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old Asian man was diagnosed with T2N0M0 lung cancer in the form of squamous cell carcinoma in the lower lobe of his left lung...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222675/accuracy-of-computed-tomography-for-selecting-the-revascularization-method-based-on-syntax-score-ii
#7
Si Eun Lee, Kyunghwa Han, Jin Hur, Young Jin Kim, Hye-Jeong Lee, Yoo Jin Hong, Dong Jin Im, Byoung Wook Choi
OBJECTIVES: The application of SYNTAX score II based on coronary CT angiography (CCTA) for selecting further treatment options has not been studied. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of CCTA combined with SYNTAX score II for selecting the revascularization method compared with invasive coronary angiography (ICA) based on 2014 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) guidelines. METHODS: From January-May 2011, 160 patients who underwent both CCTA and ICA within 30 interval days were included...
December 8, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222564/primary-blast-brain-injury-mechanisms-current-knowledge-limitations-and-future-directions
#8
Elizabeth Fievisohn, Zachary Bailey, Allison Guettler, Pamela VandeVord
Mild blast traumatic brain injury (bTBI) accounts for the majority of brain injury in United States service members and other military personnel worldwide. The mechanisms of primary blast brain injury continue to be disputed with little evidence to support one or a combination of theories. The main hypotheses addressed in this review are blast wave transmission through the skull orifices, direct cranial transmission, skull flexure dynamics, thoracic surge, acceleration, and cavitation. Each possible mechanism is discussed using available literature with the goal of focusing research efforts to address limitations and challenges that exist in blast injury research...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222133/gdf-15-growth-differentiation-factor-15-is-associated-with-lack-of-ventricular-recovery-and-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#9
Juyong Brian Kim, Yukari Kobayashi, Kegan J Moneghetti, Daniel A Brenner, Ryan O'Malley, Ingela Schnittger, Joseph C Wu, Gillian Murtagh, Agim Beshiri, Michael Fischbein, D Craig Miller, David Liang, Alan C Yeung, Francois Haddad, William F Fearon
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that circulating biomarkers may predict outcome in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We examined the association between inflammatory, myocardial, and renal biomarkers and their role in ventricular recovery and outcome after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 112 subjects undergoing TAVR were included in the prospective registry. Plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, hs-TnI (high-sensitivity troponin I), CRP (C-reactive protein), GDF-15 (growth differentiation factor 15), GAL-3 (galectin-3), and Cys-C (cystatin-C) were assessed before TAVR and in 100 sex-matched healthy controls...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222122/increased-aortic-diameters-on-multidetector-computed-tomographic-scan-are-independent-predictors-of-incident-adverse-cardiovascular-events-the-framingham-heart-study
#10
Saadia Qazi, Joseph M Massaro, Michael L Chuang, Ralph B D'Agostino, Udo Hoffmann, Christopher J O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Adverse aortic remodeling, such as dilation, is associated with multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. We sought to determine whether measures of enlarged aortic diameters improve prediction of incident adverse CVD events above standard CVD risk factors in a community-dwelling cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants from the Framingham Offspring and Third Generation Cohorts (n=3318; aged 48.9±10.3 years), who underwent noncontrast thoracic and abdominal multidetector computed tomography during 2002 to 2005, had complete risk factor profiles, and were free of clinical CVD, were included in this study...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222007/current-concepts-in-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management-of-smoking-related-interstitial-lung-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Anupam Kumar, Sujith V Cherian, Robert Vassallo, Eunhee S Yi, Jay H Ryu
Tobacco exposure results in various changes to the airways and lung parenchyma. While emphysema represents the more common injury pattern, in some individuals, cigarette smoke injures alveolar epithelial and other lung cells resulting in diffuse infiltrates and parenchymal fibrosis. Smoking can trigger interstitial injury patterns mediated via recruitment and inappropriate persistence of myeloid and other immune cells including eosinophils. As our understanding of the role of cigarette smoke constituents in triggering lung injury continues to evolve, so does our recognition of the spectrum of smoking-related interstitial lung changes...
December 5, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221981/chest-computed-tomography-image-for-accurately-predicting-the-optimal-insertion-depth-of-left-sided-double-lumen-tube
#12
Zhuo Liu, Li Zhao, Qianqian Jia, Xiaochun Yang, Shu Juan Liang, Wensheng He
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of measuring the distance between the vocal cord and carina using chest computer tomography (CT) as a guide for the intubation of a left-sided double-lumen tube (LDLT). DESIGN: Single-center, prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Local hospital in China. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty adult patients undergoing elective thoracic surgery requiring an LDLT for one lung ventilation were enrolled in this study...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221974/criteria-for-postoperative-mechanical-ventilation-after-thymectomy-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
Keerthi Chigurupati, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Muraleedharan Nair, Madathipat Unnikrishnan, Manjusha Pillai
OBJECTIVE: To determine the criteria for postoperative mechanical ventilation after thymectomy in patients with Myasthenia Gravis. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Teritiary care centre. PARTICIPANTS: 77 Myasthenia gravis patients operated for thymectomy were studied. INTERVENTIONS: After obtaining clearance from Institutional ethics committee, medical records of 77 patients with MG, who were operated for thymectomy between January 2005 and December 2015 were reviewed in a retrospective manner...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221920/treatment-of-infected-aneurysm-with-combined-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-and-abscess-drainage
#14
Ken Nakajima, Noriyuki Kato, Takashi Hashimoto, Shuji Chino, Takatoshi Higashigawa, Takafumi Ouchi, Toshiya Tokui, Yoichiro Miyake, Hajime Sakuma
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical utility of combination therapy with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and abscess drainage for the treatment of infected aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2009 and May 2015, 8 patients underwent combination therapy with EVAR and abscess drainage. There were 5 men and 3 women, with a mean age of 75 years ± 7. Aneurysms were of the thoracic aorta in 5 patients, the abdominal aorta in 2, and the internal iliac artery in 1...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221739/providing-cardiothoracic-services-in-2035-signs-of-trouble-ahead
#15
Susan Moffatt-Bruce, Juan Crestanello, David P Way, Thomas E Williams
OBJECTIVE: As the population ages, we will present the reality around being able to meet the health care needs of our population. In particular, we will present that providing cardiothoracic services in 2035 with a shortage of surgeons and an unknown caseload may be an impossibility. METHODS: By using data from the American Board of Thoracic Surgery, we estimate that in 2010, 4000 cardiothoracic surgeons performed more than 530,000 cases. Additionally, cardiothoracic residency programs train and certify on average 90 new surgeons every year...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221736/differential-effects-of-operative-complications-on-survival-after-surgery-for-primary-lung-cancer
#16
Felix G Fernandez, Andrzej S Kosinski, Anthony P Furnary, Mark Onaitis, Sunghee Kim, Robert H Habib, Betty C Tong, Patricia Cowper, Daniel Boffa, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Cameron D Wright, Joe B Putnam
OBJECTIVE: Complications adversely affect survival after lung cancer surgery. We tested the hypothesis that effects of complications after lung cancer surgery on survival vary substantially across the spectrum of postoperative complications. METHODS: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database was linked to Medicare data for lung cancer resections from 2002 through 2013. Linkage was achieved for 29,899 patients. A survival model was created that included operative complications as explanatory variables and adjusted for relevant baseline covariates...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221735/comparison-of-digital-and-traditional-thoracic-drainage-systems-for-postoperative-chest-tube-management-after-pulmonary-resection-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#17
Kazuya Takamochi, Shuko Nojiri, Shiaki Oh, Takeshi Matsunaga, Kota Imashimizu, Mariko Fukui, Kenji Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a digital thoracic drainage system (group D) is clinically useful compared with a traditional thoracic drainage system (group T) in chest tube management following anatomic lung resection. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo segmentectomy or lobectomy were prospectively randomized before surgery to group D or T. A stratification randomization was performed according to the following air leak risk factors: age, sex, smoking status, and presence of emphysema and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221485/exploring-the-characteristics-of-patients-with-mesothelioma-who-chose-active-symptom-control-over-chemotherapy-as-first-line-treatment-a-prospective-observational-single-centre-study
#18
Anna C Bibby, Duneesha De Fonseka, Anna J Morley, Emma Keenan, Alfredo Addeo, Sarah Smith, Anthony J Edey, Nick A Maskell
BACKGROUND: Mesothelioma is an aggressive thoracic tumour with a poor prognosis. The only treatment that extends survival is chemotherapy. However, in the UK, up to 50% of patients who are suitable for chemotherapy choose not to receive it, opting for active symptom control instead. The aim of this prospective, single-centre observational study was to describe the characteristics of patients who chose active symptom control over chemotherapy and explore their reasons for doing so. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive patients with mesothelioma from one UK centre were included...
December 8, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221361/prof-jaroslaw-kuzdzal-education-on-thoracic-surgery-should-include-more-global-aspects
#19
Xiao-Mei Macy Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221359/thoracic-surgeon-lijie-tan-in-shanghai-zhongshan-hospital-discussion-on-the-self-cultivation-of-a-thoracic-surgeon
#20
Lili Liao, Vivian Kong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
keyword
keyword
187
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"