Read by QxMD icon Read


Margaret L Griffin, Katherine A McDermott, R Kathryn McHugh, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Roger D Weiss
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Grit is an emerging concept in positive psychology, defined as the ability to be persistent and focused in pursuit of long-term goals. This concept has received a great deal of interest recently because of its robust ability to predict success and well-being across a wide variety of domains. The study aim was to examine the clinical relevance of the construct of grit among patients with substance use disorders. METHODS: Inpatients on a detoxification unit were enrolled from September 2013 to August 2015 (N = 673)...
October 19, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Imene Dalichaouche, Yamina Sifi, Carinne Roudaut, Karima Sifi, Abdelmadjid Hamri, Leila Rouabah, Noureddine Abadi, Isabelle Richard
INTRODUCTION: We report the genetic analysis of a large series of 76 Algerian patients from 65 unrelated families that presented with early onset severe muscular dystrophy and a clinical phenotype resembling Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2C (LGMD2C). METHODS: To define the genetic basis of the diseases in these families, we undertook a series of analysis of the γ-sarcoglycan (SGCG) and DMD genes. RESULTS: Fifteen families were shown to carry SGCG variants...
October 19, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Nairán Ramírez-Esparza, Adrián García-Sierra, Patricia K Kuhl
This study tested the impact of child-directed language input on language development in Spanish-English bilingual infants (N = 25, 11- and 14-month-olds from the Seattle metropolitan area), across languages and independently for each language, controlling for socioeconomic status. Language input was characterized by social interaction variables, defined in terms of speech style ("parentese" vs. standard speech) and social context (one-on-one vs. group). Correlations between parentese one-on-one and productive vocabulary at 24 months (n = 18) were found across languages and in each language independently...
October 19, 2016: Child Development
Massimo Del Fabbro, Stefano Corbella, Patrick Sequeira-Byron, Igor Tsesis, Eyal Rosen, Alessandra Lolato, Silvio Taschieri
BACKGROUND: When primary root canal therapy fails, periapical lesions can be retreated with or without surgery. Root canal retreatment is a non-surgical procedure that involves removal of root canal filling materials from the tooth, followed by cleaning, shaping and obturating of the canals. Root-end resection is a surgical procedure that involves exposure of the periapical lesion through an osteotomy, surgical removal of the lesion, removal of part of the root-end tip, disinfection and, commonly, retrograde sealing or filling of the apical portion of the remaining root canal...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Felipe P Andrade, Roberto Montoro, Renan Oliveira, Gabriela Loures, Luana Flessak, Roberta Gross, Camille Donnabella, Andrea Puchnick, Lisa Suzuki, Rodrigo Regacini
OBJECTIVES: 1) To verify clinical signs correlated with appropriate cranial computed tomography scan indications and changes in the therapeutic approach in pediatric minor head trauma scenarios. 2) To estimate the radiation exposure of computed tomography scans with low dose protocols in the context of trauma and the additional associated risk. METHODS: Investigators reviewed the medical records of all children with minor head trauma, which was defined as a Glasgow coma scale ≥13 at the time of admission to the emergency room, who underwent computed tomography scans during the years of 2013 and 2014...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Zhi-Gang Chu, Bo Sheng, Meng-Qi Liu, Fa-Jin Lv, Qi Li, Yu Ouyang
OBJECTIVES: To clarify differences between solitary pulmonary inflammatory lesions and peripheral lung cancers with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. METHODS: In total, 64 and 132 patients with solitary pulmonary inflammatory masses/nodules and peripheral lung cancers, respectively, were enrolled in this study. Their computed tomographic findings were summarized and compared retrospectively. RESULTS: Compared with the peripheral lung cancers, the inflammatory lesions were located closer to the pleura (p<0...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Sérgio Monteiro de Almeida, Indianara Rotta, Arnaldo José de Conto, Dario Antonelli, Carlos Dabdoub Roda, Edna Yoshiko Yamada, Gisele M B Singer
Objective: To define how to best handle cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens to obtain the highest positivity rate for the diagnosis of malignancy, comparing two different methods of cell concentration, sedimentation and cytocentrifugation. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 411 CSF reports. Results: This is a descriptive comparative study. The positive identification of malignant CSF cells was higher using the centrifuge than that using the Suta chamber (27...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Albert Vincent Berthier Brasil, Alisson R Teles, Marcelo Ricardo Roxo, Marcelo Neutzling Schuster, Eduardo Ballverdu Zauk, Gabriel da Costa Barcellos, Pablo Ramon Fruett da Costa, Nelson Pires Ferreira, Jorge Luiz Kraemer, Marcelo Paglioli Ferreira, Pedro Luis Gobbato, Paulo Valdeci Worm
Objective: To analyze the cumulative effect of risk factors associated with early major complications in postoperative spine surgery. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 583 surgically-treated patients. Early "major" complications were defined as those that may lead to permanent detrimental effects or require further significant intervention. A balanced risk score was built using multiple logistic regression. Results: Ninety-two early major complications occurred in 76 patients (13%)...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Hélio A G Teive, Délcio C Bertucci, Renato P Munhoz
Objective: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may present with unusual motor and non-motor symptoms and signs in the early stage of the disease. Methods: Cases were collected over a five-year period at two tertiary movement disorders clinics. All had a diagnosis of PD with unusual presentations defined retrospectively as the presence of complaints not objectively related to any of the classic cardinal signs of parkinsonism or the typical early non-motor features of PD...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Fernando G Benavides, Pamela Merino-Salazar, Cecilia Cornelio, Ada Avila Assunção, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Marcelo Amable, Lucía Artazcoz, Jonh Astete, Douglas Barraza, Fabián Berhó, Lino Carmenate Milián, George Delclòs, Lorena Funcasta, Johanna Gerke, David Gimeno, María José Itatí-Iñiguez, Eduardo de Paula Lima, David Martínez-Iñigo, Adriane Mesquita de Medeiros, Lida Orta, Javier Pinilla, Fernando Rodrigo, Marianela Rojas, Iselle Sabastizagal, Clelia Vallebuona, Greet Vermeylen, Gloria H Villalobos, Alejandra Vives
This article aimed to present a basic questionnaire and minimum methodological criteria for consideration in future Surveys on Working Conditions, Employment, and Health in Latin America and the Caribbean. A virtual and face-to-face consensus process was conducted with participation by a group of international experts who used the surveys available up until 2013 as the point of departure for defining the proposal. The final questionnaire included 77 questions grouped in six dimensions: socio-demographic characteristics of workers and companies; employment conditions; working conditions; health status; resources and preventive activities; and family characteristics...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Robson Azevedo Dutra, Adriana Cartafina Perez Boscollo
Background: The anorectal anomalies consist in a complex group of birth defects. Laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty improved visualization of the rectal fistula and the ability to place the pull-through segment within the elevator muscle complex with minimal dissection. There is no consensus on how the fistula should be managed. Aim: To evaluate the laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty and the treatment of the rectal urinary fistula by a bipolar sealing device...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Flavia Petrini, Ida Di Giacinto, Rita Cataldo, Clelia Esposito, Vittorio Pavoni, Paolo Donato, Antonella Trolio, Guido Merli, Massimiliano Sorbello, Paolo Pelosi
Proper management of obese patients requires a team vision and appropriate behaviors by all health care providers in hospital. Specialist competencies are fundamental, as are specific clinical pathways and good clinical practices designed to deal with patients whose body mass index is ≥30 kg/m2. Standards of care for bariatric and non-bariatric surgery and for the critical care management of this population exist but are not well defined nor clearly followed in every hospital. Thus every anesthesiologist is likely to deal with this challenging population...
October 19, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Paolo Angeli, Dimitri Bezinover, Gianni Biancofiore, Anja Bienholz, James Findlay, Catherine Paugam Burtz, Koen Reyntjens, Tetsuro Sakai, Fuat H Saner, Dana Tomescu, Gebhard Wagener, Emmanuel Weiss
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high perioperative mortality. A series of AKI research breakthroughs are worth mentioning. First, in 2003, serum and urine biomarkers specific to AKI were identified. These biomarkers have contributed to early detection, prevention, and treatment of AKI. In 2004, AKI severity was defined with the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) criteria, which was developed by the International Consensus Conference Workgroup of the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative...
October 19, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
In their study published in this issue of Academic Medicine, Costa and colleagues confirmed the underlying constructs of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) in medical students. The authors of this Commentary propose that in comparing two instruments that both purport to measure empathy, researchers or test users must pay close attention to the target populations, the conceptualizations of empathy, and the validity evidence in relation to pertinent criterion measures...
October 18, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Anastasia M Konstantinova, Liubov Kyrpychova, Irena E Belousova, Dominic V Spagnolo, Denisa Kacerovska, Michal Michal, Katrin Kerl, Dmitry V Kazakov
The normal histology of anogenital mammary-like glands (AGMLG) has been studied previously, but some aspects, including glandular depth, presence of columnar epithelium resembling columnar cell change/hyperplasia as defined in mammary pathology, and distribution of elastic fibers, have not been previously investigated. To address these issues, we studied 148 AGMLG identified in 133 paraffin blocks sampled from 64 vulvar wide excision or vulvectomy specimens (64 patients, various indications for surgery). The depth of AGMLG ranged from 0...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Rossella Letizia Mancusi, Massimo Andreoni, Daniela d'Angela, Cesare Sarrecchia, Federico Spandonaro
Between western European countries, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) endemic is highest in Italy. The main objective of this paper is to estimate the endemic diffusion of hepatitis C at the national level and by geographical area, with an extrapolation at the regional level and by uniform cohorts of subjects (by sex and year of birth). The secondary objective is a stratification by gravity of the estimated statistical figures to provide an overview of possible targets of the new anti-HCV treatments.PubMed and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant Italian populations studies regarding HCV prevalence...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rui Guo, Lu Ma, Bal Krishna Shrestha, Zhiyuan Yu, Hao Li, Chao You
The aim of the study is to define the clinical features, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of idiopathic primary intraventricular hemorrhage (IPIVH).We retrospectively collected the data of consecutively admitted patients who were diagnosed and treated for IPIVH in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2014. The clinical information, treatment, and prognosis at the 6-month follow-up were analyzed.Among the 3798 cases of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), 98 IPIVH (2.58%) patients were recruited for the study...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pierre A Clavien, Philipp Dutkowski, Keith D Lillemoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Steven A Ovadia, Yasmina Zoghbi, Seth R Thaller
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections, also referred to as wound infections, are commonly studied within the plastic surgery literature. The definition of these terms is not standardized in the literature. Individual studies may select criteria to use in identifying infection. This may have important implications upon interpretation of study results. METHODS: Studies evaluating surgical site infection in the plastic surgery literature were identified through search of the MEDLINE database across the five year period ending March 2016...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Mahmut Kuntay Kokanalı, Sabri Cavkaytar, Demet Kokanalı, Orhan Aksakal, Melike Doganay
There is little data comparing the surgical outcomes of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and transobturator tape (TOT) procedures in obese women. Therefore, we aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of TOT and TVT procedures among obese women with a diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). One hundred and eighty-nine women who underwent TVT or TOT procedures due to pure SUI were included. Women in whom the body mass index (BMI) was ≥30 kg/m(2) were considered as obese, while <30 kg/m(2) were non-obese...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"