keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric, renal, advances

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626241/infectious-disease-risks-in-pediatric-renal-transplantation
#1
REVIEW
Felicia A Scaggs Huang, Lara Danziger-Isakov
Renal transplantation is a vital treatment option in children with ESRD with more than 10,000 pediatric kidney transplants and survival rates of greater than 80% at 10 years post-transplant in the USA alone. Despite these advances, infection remains a significant cause of morbidity in pediatric recipients. Screening potential organ donors and recipients is imperative to identify and mitigate infectious risks in the transplant patient. Despite the unique risks of each patient, the timing of many infections post-transplant is predictable...
April 6, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597226/pediatric-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-for-40-years-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#2
Stuart L Goldstein
The provision of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) to pediatric patients presents numerous clinical and technical challenges that have been addressed over the past 40 years. Children provide an informative population for acute kidney injury and CRRT study, as pediatric subspecialists practice with a preventive perspective and children often do not have the multiple severe chronic comorbidities that confound adult studies. In addition, the relatively small number of patients treated at any one pediatric center has engendered successful multicenter collaboration to advance the clinical and technical studies of CRRT provision...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575497/utility-of-doppler-sonography-for-renal-artery-stenosis-screening-in-obese-children-with-hypertension
#3
Pooja Makhija, Christopher Wilson, Sudha Garimella
Pediatric hypertension guidelines recommend Doppler renal ultrasonography as a screening study for the evaluation of possible renal artery stenosis (RAS) in normal-weight children ≥ 8 years of age who are suspected of having RAS and who will cooperate with the procedure. Obese children are excluded because of technical and vascular concerns. There are no data on RI in obese children. This is a retrospective review of children aged 1.5-18 who received Doppler imaging studies over a 10-year period. A total of 174 patients were studied...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517980/role-of-hypertension-in-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children
#4
Smitha R Vidi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension is an independent risk factor for progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. Children with early CKD develop hypertension secondary to renal disease. This review aims to highlight recent advances that help us better understand the current role of hypertension in progression of CKD in children. RECENT FINDINGS: There is increasing evidence that children with CKD who have hypertension develop early atherosclerosis and cardiac adaptive changes...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503221/collaborating-with-our-adult-colleagues-a-case-series-of-robotic-surgery-for-suspicious-and-cancerous-lesions-in-children-and-young-adults-performed-in-a-free-standing-children-s-hospital
#5
Briony K Varda, Patricia Cho, Andrew A Wagner, Richard S Lee
BACKGROUND: In adult urologic oncology the use of robotics has become commonplace; in pediatric urology it is rare. Herein, we describe a collaboration between an adult and a pediatric urologist performing robotic surgery for children and young adults with suspicious or cancerous genitourinary (GU) lesions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical and oncologic outcomes in children and young adults undergoing robotic surgery for suspicious or cancerous lesions of the GU tract; to describe our collaborative model between an adult and pediatric surgeon at a free-standing children's hospital...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497824/acute-kidney-injury-in-children-with-chronic-liver-disease
#6
Akash Deep, Romit Saxena, Bipin Jose
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common accompaniment in patients with liver disease. The causes, risk factors, manifestations and management of AKI in these patients vary according to the liver disease in question (acute liver failure, acute-on-chronic liver failure, post-liver transplantation or metabolic liver disease). There are multiple causes of AKI in patients with liver disease-pre-renal, acute tubular necrosis, post-renal, drug-induced renal failure and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). Definitions of AKI in liver failure are periodically revised and updated, but pediatric definitions have still to see the light of the day...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421922/pediatric-ureteroscopy
#7
Patrick Fox, Michael C Ost
In recent years, the incidence of nephrolithiasis in the pediatric population appears to be increasing.1 This has placed a new emphasis on surgical management of stones in children. In the past, extra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) was the preferred management technique for stones in children.2 More recently, though, advances in endoscopy have allowed ureteroscopy to be adapted to the pediatric population and this approach has become more frequently utilized not just for lower ureteral calculi but also for proximal ureteral and renal stones...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389682/is-acute-kidney-injury-a-harbinger-for-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
David T Selewski, Dylan M Hyatt, Kevin M Bennett, Jennifer R Charlton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite abundant evidence in adults, the relationship between acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unanswered in pediatrics. Obstacles to overcome include the challenges defining these entities and the lack of long-term follow-up studies. This review focuses on pediatric populations at high-risk for AKI, the evidence of the long-term effect of AKI on renal health, and biomarkers to detect renal disease. RECENT FINDINGS: AKI in critically ill children and neonates is common and independently associated with adverse outcomes...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380556/pediatric-abo-incompatible-kidney-transplantation-evolving-with-the-advancing-apheresis-technology-a-single-center-experience
#9
Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Shyam Bihari Bansal, Nikita Wadhwani, Aseem Tiwari, Dinesh Arora, Reetesh Sharma, Ashish Nandwani, Dinesh Kumar Yadav, Amit Kumar Mahapatra, Manish Jain, Pranaw Jha, Prasun Ghosh, Anil Bhan, Maninder Dhaliwal, Veena Raghunathan, Vijay Kher
Recent literature has endorsed favorable outcomes following ABOi kidney transplantation in pediatric population. Nevertheless, reluctance to pursue an ABOi still remains pervasive. This could be ascribed to various legitimate reasons, namely less extensive pediatric ABOi data, technical difficulties encountered during PP, cost restraints, and concerns regarding higher rates of antibody-mediated rejection, infectious complications, and post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder as compared to adults. However, given the similar excellent outcomes of both ABOi and ABOc kidney transplantation, clinicians should consider this option sooner if a compatible donor or swap is not available...
January 30, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373345/basic-knowledge-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-esophageal-atresia
#10
Sura Lee
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) are rare anomalies in neonates. Up to 50% of neonates with TEF/EA will have Vertebral anomalies (V), Anal atresia (A), Cardiac anomalies (C), Tracheoesophageal fistula (T), Esophageal atresia (E), Renal anomalies (R), and Limb anomalies (L) (VACTERL) association, which has the potential to cause serious morbidity. PURPOSE: Timely management of the neonate can greatly impact the infant's overall outcome...
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356335/pediatric-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-secondary-to-eagle-barrett-syndrome-and-metastatic-unresectable-hepatoblastoma-treated-successfully-with-chemotherapy-and-liver-kidney-transplant
#11
Daniel Ortiz, Avis Harden, Fernando F Corrales-Medina, Gaurav Saigal, Akin Tekin, Jennifer Garcia
HBL is the most common malignant liver neoplasm in children. The etiology of HBL is largely unknown but there are certain syndromes, such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, that have been clearly associated with an increased incidence of this malignancy. EBS, also known as prune belly syndrome, is a congenital anomaly characterized by lax abdominal musculature, bilateral cryptorchidism requiring, in some cases, hemodialysis due to significant kidney and urinary tract dysfunctions. Despite an improvement on the survival rates of patients with advanced-stage HBL, the presence of concomitant end-stage renal disease that occurs in patients with EBS constitutes a therapeutic challenge for the clinician not only due to the use of nephrotoxic chemotherapy but also due to the potential need for multi-organ transplant...
March 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311011/-screening-for-nephropathy-in-major-sickle-cell-syndromes-in-patients-monitored-at-the-national-reference-center-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-niamey-niger
#12
Moumouni Garba, Zeinabou Maiga Moussa Tondi, Hassan Diongoule, Samaila Aboubacar, Abdou Ide, Nadège Ruddy Biyao-Nelson, Illiassou Soumaila, Soumana Alido
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia is the most common hereditary hemopathy in the world. It is a disease that attacks all the systems of the organism. The kidneys are among the most sensitive organs of this disease. The main objective of this study is to detect sickle cell nephropathy in patients followed at the National Reference Center for Sickle Cell Disease in Niamey. METHODS: It is a prospective study carried out over a period of one year (January to December 2016)...
January 5, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240626/first-report-of-biventricular-percutaneous-impella-ventricular-assist-device-use-in-pediatric-patients
#13
Javier J Lasa, Daniel A Castellanos, Susan W Denfield, William J Dreyer, Sebastian C Tume, Henri Justino, Athar M Qureshi
There is a growing interest in the use of percutaneously delivered ventricular assist devices (PVAD) in the pediatric patient population. A 16 year old female and 18 year old male both status post heart transplantation presented with evidence of graft rejection and acute severe global systolic and diastolic heart failure necessitating hemodynamic catheterization and inotropic support. Both underwent percutaneous Impella CP LVAD (Abiomed, Danvers, MA) placement with close monitoring of right ventricular function...
December 11, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239803/ultrasound-guided-ureteroscopy-in-children-safety-and-success
#14
Jeffrey C Morrison, Jason P Van Batavia, Kassa Darge, Christopher J Long, Aseem R Shukla, Arun K Srinivasan
INTRODUCTION: Ureteroscopy has been shown to be a highly efficacious and safe modality for the treatment of pediatric urolithiasis. However, conventional ureteroscopy relies on fluoroscopy for intraoperative guidance, exposing both patient and operating room personnel to ionizing radiation. Pediatric urolithiasis patients are at a particularly increased risk from this radiation exposure. The use of ultrasound in place of fluoroscopy for intraoperative guidance has emerged as one modification that can reduce radiation exposure during ureteroscopy...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229171/special-considerations-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#15
REVIEW
Sean A Hebert, Rita D Swinford, David R Hall, Jason K Au, John S Bynon
Universally accepted as the treatment of choice for children needing renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation affords children the opportunity for an improved quality of life over dialysis therapy. Immunologic and surgical advances over the last 15 years have improved the pediatric patient and kidney graft survival. Unique to pediatrics, congenital genitourinary anomalies are the most common primary diseases leading to kidney failure, many with urological issues. Early urological evaluation for post-transplant bladder dysfunction and emphasis on immunization adherence are the mainstays of pediatric pretransplant and post-transplant evaluations...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229170/care-of-the-pediatric-patient-on-chronic-dialysis
#16
REVIEW
Annabelle N Chua, Bradley A Warady
Optimal care of the pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient on chronic dialysis is complex and requires multidisciplinary care as well as patient/caregiver involvement. The dialysis team, along with the family and patient, should all play a role in choosing the dialysis modality which best meets the patient's needs, taking into account special considerations and management issues that may be particularly pertinent to children who receive peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis. Meticulous attention to dialysis adequacy in terms of solute and fluid removal, as well as to a variety of clinical manifestations of ESRD, including anemia, growth and nutrition, chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder, cardiovascular health, and neurocognitive development, is essential...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211055/urinary-c-megalin-for-screening-of-renal-scarring-in-children-after-febrile-urinary-tract-infection
#17
Sohsaku Yamanouchi, Takahisa Kimata, Jiro Kino, Tetsuya Kitao, Chikushi Suruda, Shoji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Kurosawa, Yoshiaki Hirayama, Akihiko Saito, Kazunari Kaneko
BackgroundFebrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) in children may cause renal scarring. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of urinary biomarkers for diagnosing renal scarring after fUTI.MethodsThirty-seven children (median age: 1.36 years, range: 0.52-12.17 years, 25 boys) with a history of fUTI, who underwent renal scintigraphy for 4 months or longer after the last episode of fUTI, were analyzed. A spot urine sample was obtained on the day of renal scintigraphy to measure levels of total protein, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), β2 -microglobulin (BMG), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), and C-megalin (full-length megalin)...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201159/cardiovascular-risks-in-chronic-kidney-disease-pediatric-patients
#18
Jing Tian, Ling Niu, Xinjiang An
One of the common factors for the premature death in children is advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Most often cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the reason for mortality. The cardiovascular (CV) morbidity starts early in the disease process and renal transplanted children (CKD-T) are also at risk. The present review is focused on the current views of the cardiovascular risks during CKD in pediatric patients. Variable data sources for the latest literature collection were explored which mainly included PubMed and Google Scholar...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188361/disruptive-technological-advances-in-vascular-access-for-dialysis-an-overview
#19
REVIEW
Wee-Song Yeo, Qin Xiang Ng
End-stage kidney disease (ESKD), one of the most prevalent diseases in the world and with increasing incidence, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Current available modes of renal replacement therapy (RRT) include dialysis and renal transplantation. Though renal transplantation is the preferred and ideal mode of RRT, this modality may not be available to all patients with ESKD. Moreover, renal transplant recipients are constantly at risk of complications associated with immunosuppression and immunosuppressant use, and posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder...
November 29, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159937/diffusion-weighted-mri-and-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-model-for-diagnosis-of-pediatric-solid-abdominal-tumors
#20
Emma M Meeus, Niloufar Zarinabad, Karen A Manias, Jan Novak, Heather E L Rose, Hamid Dehghani, Katharine Foster, Bruce Morland, Andrew C Peet
BACKGROUND: Pediatric retroperitoneal tumors in the renal bed are often large and heterogeneous, and their diagnosis based on conventional imaging alone is not possible. More advanced imaging methods, such as diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and the use of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), have the potential to provide additional biomarkers that could facilitate their noninvasive diagnosis. PURPOSE: To assess the use of an IVIM model for diagnosis of childhood malignant abdominal tumors and discrimination of benign from malignant lesions...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
keyword
keyword
18684
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"