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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132701/a-randomized-study-of-the-use-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-for-drug-and-alcohol-use-with-jail-inmates
#1
Michael L Prendergast, Kathryn McCollister, Umme Warda
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based practice that has been shown to reduce alcohol and drug use in healthcare, educational, and other settings, but research on the effectiveness of SBIRT with populations involved in the criminal justice system is limited. These populations have high rates of substance use but have limited access to interventions. METHODS: The study randomized 732 jail inmates from a large urban jail to the SBIRT intervention or to the control group...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088053/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-gain-short-screener-for-predicting-substance-use-disorders-in-a-large-national-sample-of-emerging-adults
#2
Douglas C Smith, Kyle M Bennett, Michael L Dennis, Rodney R Funk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging Adults (ages 18-25) have the highest prevalence of substance use disorders and rarely receive treatment from the specialty care system. Thus, it is important to have screening instruments specifically developed for emerging adults for use in Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) models. Optimal cutoffs for the widely-used GAIN Short-Screener's (GAIN-SS) Substance Disorder Screener (SDScrY) are not established specifically for emerging adults...
May 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074572/the-sbirt-program-matrix-a-conceptual-framework-for-program-implementation-and-evaluation
#3
Frances K Del Boca, Bonnie McRee, Janice Vendetti, Donna Damon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is a comprehensive, integrated, public health approach to the delivery of services to those at risk for the adverse consequences of alcohol and other drug use, and for those with probable substance use disorders. Research on successful SBIRT implementation has lagged behind studies of efficacy and effectiveness. This paper (1) outlines a conceptual framework, the SBIRT Program Matrix, to guide implementation research and program evaluation and (2) specifies potential implementation outcomes...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074571/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-implementation-barriers-facilitators-and-model-migration
#4
Janice Vendetti, Amanda Gmyrek, Donna Damon, Manu Singh, Bonnie McRee, Frances Del Boca
AIMS: To identify barriers and facilitators associated with initial implementation of a US alcohol and other substance use Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grant program, and to identify modifications in program design that addressed implementation challenges. DESIGN: A mixed-method approach used quantitative and qualitative data, including SBIRT provider ratings of implementation barriers and facilitators, staff interview responses and program documentation...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074570/development-of-the-sbirt-checklist-for-observation-in-real-time-score
#5
Janice A Vendetti, Bonnie G McRee, Frances K Del Boca
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs have been implemented widely in medical settings, with little attention focused on how well providers adhere to evidence-based service delivery in everyday practice. The purposes of this paper were to: (1) introduce a flexible, relatively simple methodology, the SBIRT Checklist for Observation in Real-time (SCORe), to assess adherence to evidence-based practice and provide preliminary evidence supporting its criterion validity; and (2) illustrate the feasibility and potential utility of the SCORe by analyzing observations of providers within four large-scale SBIRT programs in the United States...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074569/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-implications-of-samhsa-s-sbirt-initiative-for-substance-abuse-policy-and-practice
#6
Thomas F Babor, Frances Del Boca, Jeremy W Bray
AIMS: This paper describes the major findings and public health implications of a cross-site evaluation of a national Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) demonstration program funded by the US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). METHODS: Eleven multi-site programs in two cohorts of SAMHSA grant recipients were each funded for 5 years to promote the adoption and sustained implementation of SBIRT. The SBIRT cross-site evaluation used a multi-method evaluation design to provide comprehensive information on the processes, outcomes and costs of SBIRT as implemented in a variety of medical and community settings...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074567/the-cost-effectiveness-of-brief-intervention-versus-brief-treatment-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-the-united-states
#7
Carolina Barbosa, Alexander Cowell, William Dowd, Justin Landwehr, Arnie Aldridge, Jeremy Bray
AIMS: To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) comparing the delivery of brief intervention (BI) with brief treatment (BT) within Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental differences in observed baseline characteristics between BI and BT patients were adjusted using propensity score techniques. Incremental comparison of costs and health outcomes associated with BI and BT. SETTING: Health-care settings in four US states participating in Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SBIRT grant programs...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074566/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-rationale-program-overview-and-cross-site-evaluation
#8
Jeremy W Bray, Frances K Del Boca, Bonnie G McRee, Susan W Hayashi, Thomas F Babor
AIMS: Since 2003, the US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (SAMHSA, CSAT) has awarded 32 Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grants to states, territories and tribal organizations to enhance services for persons with, or at risk for, substance use disorders. The grants supported an expansion of the continuum of care to include screening, brief intervention, brief treatment and referral to treatment in general medical and community settings...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074565/sustaining-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-services-in-health-care-settings
#9
Manu Singh, Amanda Gmyrek, Amy Hernandez, Donna Damon, Susan Hayashi
AIMS: To assess the sustainability of Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) services after cessation of initial start-up funding. DESIGN: Descriptive study with quantitative and qualitative data collected from 34 staff participants from six grantees (comprising 103 sites) funded previously through a large, federally supported SBIRT program. SETTING: Primary care out-patient clinics and hospitals in the United States...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074564/sustaining-sbirt-in-the-wild-simulating-revenues-and-costs-for-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-programs
#10
Alexander J Cowell, William N Dowd, Michael J Mills, Jesse M Hinde, Jeremy W Bray
AIMS: To examine the conditions under which Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs can be sustained by health insurance payments. DESIGN: A mathematical model was used to estimate the number of patients needed for revenues to exceed costs. SETTING: Three medical settings in the United States were examined: in-patient, out-patient and emergency department. Components of SBIRT were delivered by combinations of health-care practitioners (generalists) and behavioral health specialists...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074563/a-time-and-motion-study-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-implementation-in-health-care-settings
#11
Alexander J Cowell, William N Dowd, Justin Landwehr, Carolina Barbosa, Jeremy W Bray
AIMS: Screening and brief intervention for harmful substance use in medical settings is being promoted heavily in the United States. To justify service provision fiscally, the field needs accurate estimates of the number and type of staff required to provide services, and thus the time taken to perform activities used to deliver services. This study analyzed the time spent in activities for the component services of the substance misuse Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) program implemented in emergency departments, in-patient units and ambulatory clinics...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074562/the-influence-of-state-level-policy-environments-on-the-activation-of-the-medicaid-sbirt-reimbursement-codes
#12
Jesse Hinde, Jeremy Bray, David Kaiser, Erin Mallonee
AIMS: To examine how institutional constraints, comprising federal actions and states' substance abuse policy environments, influence states' decisions to activate Medicaid reimbursement codes for screening and brief intervention for risky substance use in the United States. METHODS: A discrete-time duration model was used to estimate the effect of institutional constraints on the likelihood of activating the Medicaid reimbursement codes. Primary constraints included federal Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grant funding, substance abuse priority, economic climate, political climate and interstate diffusion...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074561/substance-use-outcomes-of-patients-served-by-a-large-us-implementation-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt
#13
Arnie Aldridge, Robyn Linford, Jeremy Bray
AIMS: To estimate changes in the substance use behaviors of patients who received services as part of the US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA) Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grant program. METHODS: We use a pre-post design and performance monitoring data collected by SBIRT organizations. For a sample of 17 575 patients, we compare pre-SBIRT substance use with substance use 6 months after receipt of SBIRT services...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033142/sbirt-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-among-trauma-patients-a-review-of-the-inpatient-process-and-patient-experience
#14
Erin K Gormican, Zahra S Hussein
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an important and effective strategy among injury prevention measures aimed at reducing risky alcohol use (). The trauma patient population is at significant risk for alcohol-related trauma recidivism () and is therefore a priority group in which to implement SBIRT. Vancouver General Hospital (VGH) implemented SBIRT on its 2 inpatient trauma units in the fall of 2014. The alcohol use disorders screening test (AUDIT-C) was chosen as the screening tool for nurses to complete with new patients...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027019/screening-and-brief-intervention-in-high-schools-school-nurse-practices-and-attitudes-in-massachusetts
#15
Julie Lunstead, Elissa R Weitzman, Dylan Kaye, Sharon Levy
BACKGROUND: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is recommended as a strategy to prevent or reduce adolescent substance use. Offering SBIRT in schools may provide an opportunity to reach adolescents not accessing primary care. Our objective is to assess school nurses' attitudes and practices regarding adolescent SBIRT. METHODS: We administered electronically and in person a questionnaire including 29 items on SBIRT attitudes and practices to school nurses registered for the Northeastern University's School Health Institute Summer Program in Massachusetts (N = 168)...
December 27, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017179/does-mental-status-impact-therapist-and-patient-communication-in-emergency-department-brief-interventions-addressing-alcohol-use
#16
Brian Borsari, Timothy R Apodaca, Ali Yurasek, Peter M Monti
Motivational interviewing (MI) is often incorporated into screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) interventions in critical care settings to address alcohol and other drug use. However, cognitive status has been linked to differential response to MI sessions in emergency department (ED) settings. The current study examined one possible explanation for this differential response: whether higher versus lower mental status impacts patient response to clinician statements during MI sessions conducted in an ED...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960576/alcohol-and-other-drug-aod-education-for-hospital-staff-an-integrative-literature-review
#17
Rebecca Brereton, Marie Gerdtz
Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) education amongst hospital staff is often inadequate. This leads to suboptimal care of patients and is a missed opportunity for early identification and treatment. This integrative review evaluates the core features of current education for hospital-based doctors and nurses in AOD, including country of origin, content, duration, and pedagogy. The majority of included studies were conducted in the USA (72%), target alcohol rather than AOD in general (72%), adopted a purely medical model of treatment (94%), and utilised a Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model (94%)...
January 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897470/faculty-development-efforts-to-promote-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-an-internal-medicine-faculty-resident-practice
#18
Alanna Stone, Maria Wamsley, Patricia O'Sullivan, Jason Satterfield, Derek D Satre, Katherine Julian
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a practical means to address substance misuse in primary care. Important barriers to implementing SBIRT include adequacy of training and provider confidence as well as logistical hurdles and time constraints. A faculty development initiative aimed at increasing SBIRT knowledge and treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) should lead to increased use of SBIRT by faculty and the residents they teach. This study examined how a faculty development program to promote SBIRT influenced faculty practice and resident teaching...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863165/a-brief-ehealth-tool-delivered-in-primary-care-to-help-parents-prevent-childhood-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
J L S Byrne, T Cameron Wild, K Maximova, N E Browne, N L Holt, A J Cave, P Martz, C Ellendt, G D C Ball
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and preliminary impact of an electronic health (eHealth) screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) delivered in primary care to help parents prevent childhood obesity. METHODS: Parents of children (5-17 years) were recruited from a primary care clinic. Children's measured height and weight were entered into the SBIRT on a study-designated tablet. The SBIRT screened for children's weight status, block randomized parents to one of four brief interventions or an eHealth control and provided parents with a menu of optional obesity prevention resources...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857880/sbirt-based-interventions-to-improve-pediatric-oral-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-considerations-for-future-behavioral-sbirt-interventions-in-dentistry
#20
Josué Cuevas, Donald L Chi
Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children and is caused by poor oral health behaviors. These behaviors include high-sugar diet, inadequate exposure to topical fluorides, and irregular use of professional dental care services. A number of behavioral intervention approaches have been used to modify health behaviors. One example is the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, which has been widely used to reduce substance abuse in both adults and children. SBIRT is a promising behavior change approach that could similarly be used to address problematic oral health behaviors...
September 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
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