keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

common cold

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212635/impact-of-semi-solid-formulations-on-skin-penetration-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#1
Umberto M Musazzi, Benedetta Santini, Francesca Selmin, Valentina Marini, Fabio Corsi, Raffaele Allevi, Anna M Ferretti, Davide Prosperi, Francesco Cilurzo, Miriam Colombo, Paola Minghetti
BACKGROUND: This work aimed to provide useful information on the incidence of the choice of formulation in semi-solid preparations of iron-oxide nanoparticles (IONs). The appropriate analytical methods to assess the IONs physical stability and the effect of the semi-solid preparations on IONs human skin penetration were discussed. The physical stability of IONs (Dh = 31 ± 4 nm; ζ = -65 ± 5 mV) loaded in five semi-solid preparations (0.3% w/v), namely Carbopol gel (CP), hydroxyethyl cellulose gel (HEC), carboxymethylcellulose gel (CMC), cetomacrogol cream (Cet) and cold cream was assessed by combining DLS and low-field pulsed NMR data...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#2
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208276/single-drop-solution-electrode-discharge-induced-cold-vapor-generation-coupling-to-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-a-robust-approach-for-sensitive-quantification-of-total-mercury-distribution-in-fish
#3
Qian Chen, Yao Lin, Yunfei Tian, Li Wu, Lu Yang, Xiandeng Hou, Chengbin Zheng
Sensitive quantification of mercury distribution in fish is challenging because of insufficient sensitivities of conventional analytical methods, the limited mass of organs (tens of micrograms to several milligrams), and dilution of analyte concentration from sample digestion. In this work, a simple and robust approach coupling multiwall carbon nanotubes assisted matrix solid-phase dispersion (MWCNTs-MSPD) to single-drop solution electrode glow discharge-induced cold vapor generation (SD-SEGD-CVG) was developed for the sensitive determination of mercury in limited amount of sample...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205429/-pneumococcal-arthritis-in-paediatric-population
#4
G Barbeito-Castiñeiras, M Guinda-Giménez, O Cores-Calvo, M Hernández-Blanco, F Pardo-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: Cases of septic arthritis in paediatric population by Streptococcus pneumoniae in the Health Area of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) were reviewed. METHODS: A retrospective study from January 2005 to March 2014 was conducted for all S. pneumoniae isolates obtained from joint fluids in children. RESULTS: From the 7,416 joint fluids received in the Microbiology Department, 77 belonged to paediatric patients, and of these, only 8 had positive culture...
February 16, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199148/presence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-escherichia-coli-in-ready-to-eat-foods-in-shaanxi-china
#5
Allah Bux Baloch, Hua Yang, Yuqing Feng, Meili Xi, Qian Wu, Qinhao Yang, Jingsi Tang, Xiangxiang He, Yingping Xiao, Xiaodong Xia
The aim of this study was to determine the presence and characteristics of Escherichia coli in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods. A total of 300 RTE foods samples were collected in Shaanxi Province, People's Republic of China: 50 samples of cooked meat, 165 samples of vegetable salad, 50 samples of cold noodles, and 35 samples of salted boiled peanuts. All samples were collected during summer (in July to October) 2011 and 2012 and surveyed for the presence of E. coli . E. coli isolates recovered were classified by phylogenetic typing using a PCR assay...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197772/-genetics-of-cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
J B Kümmerle-Deschner, P Lohse
Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS), Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS) and chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous and articular syndrome/neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease (CINCA/NOMID) were originally described as three distinct diseases. After the identification of their common genetic origin in 2001 and 2002, they are now perceived as a continuum of one disease entity and labelled cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS). Mutations in the NLRP3 gene on chromosome 1q44 can be detected in many affected patients...
February 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196257/association-between-use-of-a-scalp-cooling-device-and-alopecia-after-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer
#7
Hope S Rugo, Paula Klein, Susan Anitra Melin, Sara A Hurvitz, Michelle E Melisko, Anne Moore, Glen Park, Jules Mitchel, Erika Bågeman, Ralph B D'Agostino, Elizabeth S Ver Hoeve, Laura Esserman, Tessa Cigler
Importance: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia is a common and distressing adverse effect. In previous studies of scalp cooling to prevent chemotherapy-induced alopecia, conclusions have been limited. Objectives: To evaluate whether use of a scalp cooling system is associated with a lower amount of hair loss among women receiving specific chemotherapy regimens for early-stage breast cancer and to assess related changes in quality of life. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study conducted at 5 US medical centers of women with stage I or II breast cancer receiving adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens excluding sequential or combination anthracycline and taxane (106 patients in the scalp cooling group and 16 in the control group; 14 matched by both age and chemotherapy regimen)...
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193867/genetic-signature-of-natural-selection-in-first-americans
#8
Carlos Eduardo G Amorim, Kelly Nunes, Diogo Meyer, David Comas, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Francisco Mauro Salzano, Tábita Hünemeier
When humans moved from Asia toward the Americas over 18,000 y ago and eventually peopled the New World they encountered a new environment with extreme climate conditions and distinct dietary resources. These environmental and dietary pressures may have led to instances of genetic adaptation with the potential to influence the phenotypic variation in extant Native American populations. An example of such an event is the evolution of the fatty acid desaturases (FADS) genes, which have been claimed to harbor signals of positive selection in Inuit populations due to adaptation to the cold Greenland Arctic climate and to a protein-rich diet...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193478/metabolic-cold-adaptation-contributes-little-to-the-interspecific-variation-in-metabolic-rates-of-65-species-of-drosophilidae
#9
Branwen Messamah, Vanessa Kellermann, Hans Malte, Volker Loeschcke, Johannes Overgaard
Metabolic cold adaptation (MCA) is a controversial hypothesis suggesting that cold adapted species display an elevated metabolic rate (MR) compared to their warm climate relatives. Here we test for the presence of MCA within 65 species of drosophilid flies reared under common garden conditions. MR was measured at both 10 and 20°C for both sexes and data was analyzed in relation to the natural thermal environment of these species. We found considerable interspecific variation in MR ranging from 1.34 to 8.99 µW mg(-1) at 10°C...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193421/physicochemical-characteristics-of-the-cold-pressed-oil-obtained-from-seeds-of-fagus-sylvatica-l
#10
Aleksander Siger, Krzysztof Dwiecki, Wojciech Borzyszkowski, Mieczysław Turski, Magdalena Rudzińska, Małgorzata Nogala-Kałucka
A physicochemical characteristic of the cold-pressed oil obtained from seeds of common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) has been presented. This plant may be considered as unconventional oilseeds crops because of relatively high content of fat (27.25%). The analyzed beech seeds oil has been classified as oleic-linoleic acids oil with more than 76% percentage share of those species. Beech seeds oil contains 4.2% of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). Unique characteristic is the high content of γ-tocopherol (75.4mg/100g) and δ-tocopherol (34...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193162/genome-wide-characterization-of-jasmonate-zim-domain-transcription-repressors-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#11
Yukun Wang, Linyi Qiao, Jianfang Bai, Peng Wang, Wenjing Duan, Shaohua Yuan, Guoliang Yuan, Fengting Zhang, Liping Zhang, Changping Zhao
BACKGROUND: The JASMONATE-ZIM DOMAIN (JAZ) repressor family proteins are jasmonate co-receptors and transcriptional repressor in jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway, and they play important roles in regulating the growth and development of plants. Recently, more and more researches on JAZ gene family are reported in many plants. Although the genome sequencing of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and its relatives is complete, our knowledge about this gene family remains vacant. RESULTS: Fourteen JAZ genes were identified in the wheat genome...
February 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191365/thinking-and-feeling-individual-differences-in-habitual-emotion-regulation-and-stress-related-mood-are-associated-with-prefrontal-executive-control
#12
Matthew A Scult, Annchen R Knodt, Johnna R Swartz, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Calculating math problems from memory may seem unrelated to everyday processing of emotions, but they have more in common than one might think. Prior research highlights the importance of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in executive control, intentional emotion regulation, and experience of dysfunctional mood and anxiety. While it has been hypothesized that emotion regulation may be related to 'cold' (ie. not emotion-related) executive control, this assertion has not been tested. We address this gap by providing evidence that greater dlPFC activity during 'cold' executive control is associated with increased use of cognitive reappraisal to regulate emotions in everyday life...
2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190546/sevoflurane-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a%C3%A2-rat%C3%A2-lung%C3%A2-transplantation-model
#13
Akihiro Ohsumi, Katherine Marseu, Peter Slinger, Karen McRae, Hyunhee Kim, Zehong Guan, David M Hwang, Mingyao Liu, Shaf Keshavjee, Marcelo Cypel
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is one of the most commonly used volatile anesthetic agents with the fastest onset and offset, replacing isoflurane in modern anesthesiology. Preconditioning and postconditioning using volatile anesthetics can attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). However, no previous studies have evaluated the effect of sevoflurane in lung transplantation after cold ischemic injury. We aimed to study the effects of donor and recipient treatment with sevoflurane in a rat lung transplantation model...
February 9, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188666/natural-variation-for-gene-expression-responses-to-abiotic-stress-in-maize
#14
Amanda J Waters, Irina Makarevitch, Jaclyn Noshay, Liana T Burghardt, Candice N Hirsch, Cory D Hirsch, Nathan M Springer
Plants respond to abiotic stress through a variety of physiological, biochemical, and transcriptional mechanisms. Many genes exhibit altered levels of expression in response to abiotic stress, which requires concerted action of both cis- and trans-regulatory features. In order to study the variability in transcriptome response to abiotic stress, RNA sequencing was performed using 14-day-old maize seedlings of inbreds B73, Mo17, Oh43, PH207 and B37 under control, cold and heat conditions. Large numbers of genes that responded differentially to stress between parental inbred lines were identified...
February 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186843/risks-and-cough-aggravating-factors-in-prolonged-cough-epidemiological-observations-from-the-nagahama-cohort-study
#15
Hisako Matsumoto, Yumi Izuhara, Akio Niimi, Yasuharu Tabara, Tadao Nagasaki, Yoshihiro Kanemitsu, Kimihiko Murase, Tsuyoshi Oguma, Isao Ito, Shigeo Muro, Akihiro Sekine, Fumihiko Matsuda, Shinji Kosugi, Takeo Nakayama, Kazuo Chin, Michiaki Mishima
RATIONALE: Chronic cough hypersensitivity, a potentially important concept of chronic or prolonged cough, is featured by heightened cough response to low-intensity stimuli, which may be generated in the absence of airflow limitations or allergic conditions. However, there is little epidemiological evidence to support this. OBJECTIVES: In this large-scale community survey, we aimed to determine risks and cough-aggravating factors of prolonged cough, while focusing on serum IgE levels...
February 10, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183269/transcriptome-profilings-of-two-tall-fescue-festuca-arundinacea-cultivars-in-response-to-lead-pb-stress
#16
Huiying Li, Tao Hu, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is one of the most toxic heavy metal environmental pollutants. Tall fescue is an important cold season turf grass which can tolerate and accumulate substantial amount of Pb. To estimate genes related to Pb response and the molecular mechanism associated with Pb tolerance and accumulation, we analyzed the transcriptome of tall fescue in response to Pb treatment. RESULTS: RNA-sequencing was performed in two tall fescue cultivars, Pb tolerant Silverado and Pb sensitive AST7001...
February 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182043/deceased-donor-renal-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#17
N Gopalakrishnan, T Dineshkumar, J Dhanapriya, R Sakthirajan, T Balasubramaniyan, N D Srinivasa Prasad, K Thirumalvalavan, S Murugananth, K Kawaskar
Deceased donor renal transplantation (DDRT) constitutes less than 5% of all kidney transplantats in India. A retrospective analysis of 173 deceased donor renal transplants performed in a public funded government hospital was done. Mean age of the recipients was 36 years (male:female ratio 2.4:1), and that of the donors was 32.3 years (male:female ratio 6:1). The cold ischemic time was 340 ± 170 minutes. Mean follow-up period was 36 months. Forty one patients died, 75% of them in the first post - transplant year...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179555/role-of-the-excitability-brake-potassium-current-ikd-in-cold-allodynia-induced-by-chronic-peripheral-nerve-injury
#18
Alejandro González, Gonzalo Ugarte, Carlos Restrepo, Gaspar Herrera, Ricardo Piña, José Antonio Gómez-Sánchez, María Pertusa, Patricio Orio, Rodolfo Madrid
Cold allodynia is a common symptom of neuropathic and inflammatory pain following peripheral nerve injury. The mechanisms underlying this disabling sensory alteration are not entirely understood. In primary somatosensory neurons, cold-sensitivity is mainly determined by a functional counterbalance between cold-activated TRPM8 channels and Shaker-like Kv1.1-1.2 channels underlying the excitability brake current IKD Here we studied the role of IKD in damage-triggered painful hypersensitivity to innocuous cold...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178991/an-ethnographic-study-of-salt-use-and-humoral-concepts-in-a-latino-farm-worker-community-in-california-s-central-valley
#19
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of domestic or table salt for its perceived health effects and healing properties in a Latino farmworker community. It explores how contemporary salt usage beliefs can be seen to have roots in long-standing humoral theories of medicine and health. METHODS: This qualitative investigation comprised 30 in-depth individual interviews and five focus groups conducted in Spanish with Mexican and Central American immigrants in one small city in California's Central Valley (N = 61 total participants)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177951/biomass-burning-as-a-source-of-ambient-fine-particulate-air-pollution-and-acute-myocardial-infarction
#20
Scott Weichenthal, Ryan Kulka, Eric Lavigne, David van Rijswijk, Michael Brauer, Paul J Villeneuve, Dave Stieb, Lawrence Joseph, Rick T Burnett
BACKGROUND: Biomass burning is an important source of ambient fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) in many regions of the world. METHODS: We conducted a time-stratified case-crossover study of ambient PM2.5 and hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (MI) in three regions of British Columbia, Canada. Daily hospital admission data were collected between 2008-2015 and PM2.5 data were collected from fixed-site monitors. We used conditional logistic regression models to estimate odds ratios (ORs) describing the association between PM2...
February 3, 2017: Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
18680
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"