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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816188/assessment-of-changes-in-nickel-and-chromium-levels-in-the-gingival-crevicular-fluid-during-fixed-orthodontic-treatment
#1
Vinny Bhasin, Swati J Pustake, Viprat Joshi, Anil Tiwari, Meenakshi Bhasin, Ramandeep S Punia
BACKGROUND: Various components of appliances used in fixed orthodontic treatment are fabricated from materials that are highly resistant in nature and have high strength and biocompatibility. Corrosion of materials occurs inside the oral cavity due to numerous environmental or oral factors that act on them. These factors include temperature, pH variation, salivary conditions, mechanical loads, microbiological and enzymatic activity, and various food components. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is the material obtained from the gingival sulcus and might act as a potential source for various biomarkers in the orthodontic setup because inflammatory-induced response is directly related to orthodontic forces in GCF...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780479/q-twist-analysis-of-patients-with-metastatic-castrate-naive-prostate-cancer-treated-by-androgen-deprivation-therapy-with-or-without-docetaxel-in-the-randomised-phase-iii-getug-afu-15-trial
#2
P Marino, P Sfumato, F Joly, K Fizazi, S Oudard, S Culine, M Habibian, J-M Boher, G Gravis
BACKGROUND: Early chemotherapy has recently become a new standard of care for patients with metastatic castrate-naive prostate cancer (mCNPC). The survival benefit is evident in patients with high-volume disease, but less clear in those with low-volume disease. Here, we assessed the trade-offs between toxicity and survival using a Quality-adjusted Time Without Symptoms of disease and Toxicity of treatment (Q-TWiST) analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This analysis was performed from the data of the Genito-Urinary Oncology Group (GETUG)-AFU 15 phase III trial evaluating the benefits of docetaxel (D) combined with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) versus ADT alone in 385 mCNPC patients...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776448/an-exploratory-genome-wide-analysis-of-genetic-risk-for-alcoholic-hepatitis
#3
James J Beaudoin, Nanye Long, Suthat Liangpunsakul, Puneet Puri, Patrick S Kamath, Vijay Shah, Arun J Sanyal, David W Crabb, Naga P Chalasani, Thomas J Urban
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the genetic variability between heavy drinkers with and without alcoholic hepatitis (AH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An exploratory genome-wide association study (GWAS; NCT02172898) was conducted comparing 90 AH cases with 93 heavy drinking matched controls without liver disease in order to identify variants or genes associated with risk for AH. Individuals were genotyped using the multi-ethnic genotyping array, after which the data underwent conventional quality control...
August 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774629/characterization-of-halogenated-dbps-and-identification-of-new-dbps-trihalomethanols-in-chlorine-dioxide-treated-drinking-water-with-multiple-extractions
#4
Jiarui Han, Xiangru Zhang, Jiaqi Liu, Xiaohu Zhu, Tingting Gong
Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is a widely used alternative disinfectant due to its high biocidal efficiency and low-level formation of trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids. A major portion of total organic halogen (TOX), a collective parameter for all halogenated DBPs, formed in ClO2-treated drinking water is still unknown. A commonly used pretreatment method for analyzing halogenated DBPs in drinking water is one-time liquid-liquid extraction (LLE), which may lead to a substantial loss of DBPs prior to analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774625/halogen-specific-total-organic-halogen-analysis-assessment-by-recovery-of-total-bromine
#5
Markus Langsa, Sebastien Allard, Ina Kristiana, Anna Heitz, Cynthia A Joll
Determination of halogen-specific total organic halogen (TOX) is vital for studies of disinfection of waters containing bromide, since total organic bromine (TOBr) is likely to be more problematic than total organic chlorine. Here, we present further halogen-specific TOX method optimisation and validation, focusing on measurement of TOBr. The optimised halogen-specific TOX method was validated based on the recovery of model compounds covering different classes of disinfection by-products (haloacetic acids, haloacetonitriles, halophenols and halogenated benzenes) and the recovery of total bromine (mass balance of TOBr and bromide concentrations) during disinfection of waters containing dissolved organic matter and bromide...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774619/total-organic-halogen-tox-in-human-urine-a-halogen-specific-method-for-human-exposure-studies
#6
Susana Y Kimura, Weiwei Zheng, Taylor N Hipp, Joshua M Allen, Susan D Richardson
Disinfection by-products (DBPs) are a complex mixture of compounds unintentionally formed as a result of disinfection processes used to treat drinking water. Effects of long-term exposure to DBPs are mostly unknown and were the subject of recent epidemiological studies. However, most bioanalytical methods focus on a select few DBPs. In this study, a new comprehensive bioanalytical method has been developed that can quantify mixtures of organic halogenated compounds, including DBPs, in human urine as total organic chlorine (TOCl), total organic bromine (TOBr), and total organic iodine (TOI)...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774611/tic-tox-a-preliminary-discussion-on-identifying-the-forcing-agents-of-dbp-mediated-toxicity-of-disinfected-water
#7
Michael J Plewa, Elizabeth D Wagner, Susan D Richardson
The disinfection of drinking water is a major public health achievement; however, an unintended consequence of disinfection is the generation of disinfection by-products (DBPs). Many of the identified DBPs exhibit in vitro and in vivo toxicity, generate a diversity of adverse biological effects, and may be hazards to the public health and the environment. Only a few DBPs are regulated by several national and international agencies and it is not clear if these regulated DBPs are the forcing agents that drive the observed toxicity and their associated health effects...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774599/formation-and-control-of-nitrogenous-dbps-from-western-australian-source-waters-investigating-the-impacts-of-high-nitrogen-and-bromide-concentrations
#8
Ina Kristiana, Deborah Liew, Rita K Henderson, Cynthia A Joll, Kathryn L Linge
We studied the formation of four nitrogenous DBPs (N-DBPs) classes (haloacetonitriles, halonitromethanes, haloacetamides, and N-nitrosamines), as well as trihalomethanes and total organic halogen (TOX), after chlorination or chloramination of source waters. We also evaluated the relative and additive toxicity of N-DBPs and water treatment options for minimisation of N-DBPs. The formation of halonitromethanes, haloacetamides, and N-nitrosamines was higher after chloramination and positively correlated with dissolved organic nitrogen or total nitrogen...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762471/clinical-presentation-of-terbinafine-induced-severe-liver-injury-and-the-value-of-laboratory-monitoring-a-critically-appraised-topic
#9
REVIEW
O N Kramer, J Albrecht
CONTEXT: Many physicians monitor liver function tests during terbinafine therapy. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the symptoms of published cases of terbinafine associated severe DILI (Drug Induced Liver Injury) to assess the utility of laboratory monitoring. DATA SOURCES: We based our search on the Liver Tox database of the National Institute of Health, but searched PUBMED as well as EMBASE. In addition, we hand-searched the references of the papers we found...
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757016/characterization-of-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-c-confusum-and-c-amycolatum-isolated-from-sows-with-genitourinary-infection
#10
André P Poor, Luisa Z Moreno, Carlos E C Matajira, Beatriz M Parra, Vasco T M Gomes, Ana Paula S Silva, Mauricio C Dutra, Ana Paula G Christ, Mikaela R F Barbosa, Maria Inês Z Sato, Andrea M Moreno
Porcine Corynebacterium infection is still poorly studied, even though the pig has been described as an asymptomatic carrier of Corynebacterium species, including the zoonotic species C. ulcerans, C. confusum and C. amycolatum. Here we present the identification, molecular and antimicrobial susceptibility characterization of coryneform bacteria isolated from sows with urinary tract infection. C. diphtheriae, C. confusum and C. amycolatum were isolated from sows with urinary infection and metritis. Corynebacterium species were identified by MALDI-TOF MS and confirmed by 16S rRNA and rpoB sequencing...
August 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730697/impact-of-simultaneous-glutamate-dehydrogenase-gdh-and-toxin-a-b-rapid-immunoassay-on-clostridium-difficile-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-hospitalized-patients-with-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-a-university-hospital-of-brazil
#11
Guilherme Grossi Lopes Cançado, Rodrigo Otávio Silveira Silva, Amanda Pontes Nader, Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato, Eduardo Garcia Vilela
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a major cause of health care-associated infection, but disagreement between diagnostic tests is an ongoing barrier to clinical decision making. Conventional enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for toxin detection is currently the most frequently used technique for CDI diagnosis, but its low sensitivity makes the development of an alternative strategy necessary for improving the diagnosis in developing countries. METHODS: Between years 2011 and 2015, 154 stool samples from patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea were examined by toxigenic culture (TC) and EIA for the diagnosis of CDI...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723840/cervical-spine-evaluation-and-clearance-in-the-intoxicated-patient-a-prospective-western-trauma-association-multi-institutional-trial-and-survey
#12
Matthew J Martin, Lisa D Bush, Kenji Inaba, Saskya Byerly, Martin Schreiber, Kimberly A Peck, Galinos Barmparas, Jay Menaker, Joshua P Hazelton, Raul Coimbra, Martin D Zielinski, Carlos V R Brown, Chad G Ball, Jill R Cherry-Bukowiec, Clay Cothren Burlew, Julie Dunn, C Todd Minshall, Matthew M Carrick, Gina M Berg, Demetrios Demetriades, William Long
INTRODUCTION: Intoxication often prevents clinical clearance of the cervical spine (Csp) after trauma leading to prolonged immobilization even with a normal CT scan. We evaluated the accuracy of CT at detecting clinically significant Csp injury, and surveyed participants on related opinions and practice. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study (2013-2015) at 17 centers. All adult blunt trauma patients underwent structured clinical examination and imaging including a Csp CT, with follow-up thru discharge...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711373/comparative-genomic-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-a-toxigenic-clinical-isolate-of-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-strain-b-d-16-78-from-malaysia
#13
Kar-Wai Hong, A W Asmah Hani, C A Nurul Aina Murni, R R Pusparani, Chee Kheong Chong, Khebir Verasahib, Wan Noraini W Yusoff, Noorliza M Noordin, Kok Keng Tee, Wai-Fong Yin, Choo Yee Yu, Geik Yong Ang, Kok-Gan Chan
In this study, we report the comparative genomics and phylogenetic analysis of Corynebacterium diphtheriae strain B-D-16-78 that was isolated from a clinical specimen in 2016. The complete genome of C. diphtheriae strain B-D-16-78 was sequenced using PacBio Single Molecule, Real-Time sequencing technology and consists of a 2,474,151-bp circular chromosome with an average GC content of 53.56%. The core genome of C. diphtheriae was also deduced from a total of 74 strains with complete or draft genome sequences and the core genome-based phylogenetic analysis revealed close genetic relationship among strains that shared the same MLST allelic profile...
July 12, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660674/comprehensive-network-map-of-adme-tox-databases
#14
Baptiste Canault, Stéphane Bourg, Philippe Vayer, Pascal Bonnet
In the last decade, many statistical-based approaches have been developed to improve poor pharmacokinetics (PK) and to reduce toxicity of lead compounds, which are one of the main causes of high failure rate in drug development. Predictive QSAR models are not always very efficient due to the low number of available biological data and the differences in the experimental protocols. Fortunately, the number of available databases continues to grow every year. However, it remains a challenge to determine the source and the quality of the original data...
June 29, 2017: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651808/addendum-to-weiner-m-l-2016-parameters-and-pitfalls-to-consider-in-the-conduct-of-food-additive-research-carrageenan-as-a-case-study-food-chemical-toxicology-87-31-44
#15
Myra L Weiner, James M McKim, William R Blakemore
This paper is an addendum to a 2016 paper outlining pitfalls and parameters to consider in the conduct of food additive research with carrageenan (Fd. Chem. Tox. 87, 31-44 (2016)). The literature on the food additive, "carrageenan," contains many publications which either erroneously misuse the name, carrageenan, for a sample which is not carrageenan, but "degraded carrageenan" or "poligeenan" and also conduct studies without understanding the physical/chemical properties of carrageenan. Degraded carrageenan and poligeenan are not food additives and have a completely different physical/chemical and toxicological properties from carrageenan...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638728/gene-expression-analysis-in-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphomas-ctcl-highlights-disease-heterogeneity-and-potential-diagnostic-and-prognostic-indicators
#16
Ivan V Litvinov, Michael T Tetzlaff, Philippe Thibault, Pamela Gangar, Linda Moreau, Andrew K Watters, Elena Netchiporouk, Kevin Pehr, Victor G Prieto, Elham Rahme, Nathalie Provost, Martin Gilbert, Denis Sasseville, Madeleine Duvic
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphomas (CTCL) are rare, but potentially devastating malignancies, whose pathogenesis remains poorly elucidated. Unfortunately, currently it is not possible to predict based on the available criteria in which patients the cancer will progress and which patients will experience an indolent disease course. Furthermore, at early stages this malignancy often masquerades as psoriasis, chronic eczema or other benign inflammatory dermatoses. As a result, it takes on average 6 y to diagnose this lymphoma since its initial presentation...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571485/continuous-autoregulatory-indices-derived-from-multi-modal-monitoring-each-one-is-not-like-the-other
#17
Frederick A Zeiler, Joseph Donnelly, David K Menon, Peter Smielewski, Christian Zweifel, Ken Brady, Marek Czosnyka
We assess the relationships between various continuous measures of autoregulatory capacity in a cohort of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We assessed relationships between autoregulatory indices derived from intracranial pressure (ICP: PRx, PAx, RAC), transcranial Doppler (TCD: Mx, Sx, Dx), brain tissue-oxygenation (ORx), and spatially resolved near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS resolved: TOx, THx). Relationships between indices were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficient, Friedman test, principal component analysis (PCA), agglomerative hierarchal clustering (AHC) and k-means cluster analysis (KMCA)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565760/in-silico-insight-into-egfr-treatment-in-patients-with-lung-carcinoma-and-t790m-mutations
#18
Shu-Zhi Zang, Yan-Rong Yang, Sha-Sha Zhao, Yun-Xia Li, Xin-Yuan Gao, Chun-Lei Zhong
The T790M mutational basis of treatment failure, following treatment via alteration of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway, is a well-known anomaly in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The T790M mutation activates the kinase domain, causing tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib, to elicit little or no response. To overcome this acquired resistance in NSCLC cells, the present study utilized a structure-based drug designing method to identify a novel lead compound. An in-house traditional Chinese medicinal compound database was used and following initial virtual screening, pre-absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion/Tox and automated docking analyses, nardosinon was selected as the most appropriate candidate for further analysis...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554025/assessing-the-toxicity-of-ionic-liquids-application-of-the-critical-membrane-concentration-approach
#19
Kai Bittermann, Kai-Uwe Goss
Charged organic chemicals are a prevailing challenge for toxicity modelling. In this contribution we strive to recapitulate the lessons learned from the well-known modelling of narcosis (or baseline toxicity) of neutral chemicals and apply the concept to charged chemicals. First we reevaluate the organism- and chemical independent critical membrane concentration causing 50% mortality,.cmem(tox), based on a critical revision of a previously published toxicity dataset for neutral chemicals. In accordance to values reported in the literature we find a mean value for cmem(tox) of roughly 100 mmol/kg (membrane lipid) for a broad variety of 42 aquatic organisms (333 different chemicals), albeit with a considerable scatter...
May 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547769/evaluation-of-piggybac-mediated-cho-pools-to-enable-material-generation-to-support-glp-toxicology-studies
#20
Yashas Rajendra, Sowmya Balasubramanian, Neil A McCracken, Dawn L Norris, Zhirui Lian, Matthew G Schmitt, Christopher C Frye, Gavin C Barnard
Generating purified protein for GLP toxicology studies (GLP-Tox) represents an important and often rate limiting step in the biopharmaceutical drug development process. Toxicity testing requires large amounts of therapeutic protein (>100g), typically produced in a single 500L - 2,500L bioreactor, using the final CHO clonally-derived cell line (CDCL). One approach currently used to save time is to manufacture GLP-Tox material using pools of high-producing CHO CDCLs instead of waiting for the final CDCL. Recently, we reported CHO pools producing mAb titers >7 g/L using piggyBac-mediated gene integration (PB CHO pools)...
May 25, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
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