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Jack M Heath, Joan Fernandez Esmerats, Lucky Khambouneheuang, Sandeep Kumar, Rachel Simmons, Hanjoong Jo
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is a major cause of morbidity in the aging population, but the underlying mechanisms of its progression remain poorly understood. Aortic valve calcification preferentially occurs on the fibrosa, which is subjected to disturbed flow. The side-specific progression of the disease is characterized by inflammation, calcific lesions, and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation. Here, we explored the role of mechanosensitive microRNA-181b and its downstream targets in human aortic valve endothelial cells (HAVECs)...
February 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Lei Wang, Yu-Xia Wang, Li-Ping Chen, Ming-Li Ji
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of upregulating microRNA (miR)-181b expression in tumor-associated macrophages regarding breast cancer cell metastasis and to identify the target gene. Ectopic miR-181b was transfected into MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines with or without chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) stimulation. Cell proliferation, migration/invasion and apoptosis rate were investigated. The binding effects of miR-181b to the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB gene were detected with the dual luciferase reporter system...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
Yu Zhou, Yong Peng, Min Liu, Yugang Jiang
MicroRNAs (miRs), a class of 18-25 nucleotides in length non-coding RNAs, are able to suppress gene expression by targeting complementary regions of mRNAs and inhibiting protein translation Recently, miR-181b was found to playa suppressive role in glioma, but the regulatory mechanism of miR-181b in the malignant phenotypes of glioma cells remains largely unclear. Here we found that miR-181b was significantly downregulated in glioma tissues when compared with normal brain tissues, and decreased miR-181b levels were significantly associated with high pathology grade and poor prognosis of patients with glioma...
November 17, 2016: Oncology Research
Yun Liu, Xu Hu, Daokui Xia, Songlin Zhang
The expression of microRNA-181b (miR-181b) has been investigated in various human cancers. However, the expression and functions of miR-181b in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are yet to be studied. In the present study, miR-181b expression in NSCLC tissues and cell lines was analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and was shown to be recurrently downregulated. Following transfection of the H23 and H522 NSCLC cells lines with miR-181b, cell migration and cell invasion assays were performed to evaluate the effect of miR-181b overexpression on the cell motility...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
Karina Di Gregoli, Nur Najmi Mohamad Anuar, Rosaria Bianco, Stephen J White, Andrew C Newby, Sarah J George, Jason L Johnson
RATIONALE: Atherosclerosis and aneurysms are leading causes of mortality worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRs) are key determinants of gene and protein expression, and atypical miR expression has been associated with many cardiovascular diseases; although their contributory role to atherosclerotic plaque and abdominal aortic aneurysm stability are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether miR-181b regulates tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 expression and affects atherosclerosis and aneurysms...
January 6, 2017: Circulation Research
Tian-Hui An, Quan-Wei He, Yuan-Peng Xia, Sheng-Cai Chen, Suraj Baral, Ling Mao, Hui-Juan Jin, Ya-Nan Li, Meng-Die Wang, Jian-Guo Chen, Ling-Qiang Zhu, Bo Hu
Atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability is the major cause for acute stroke and could be regulated by macrophage polarization. MicroRNA-181b (miR-181b) was involved in macrophage differential. Here, we explore whether miR-181b could regulate atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability by modulating macrophage polarization and the underline mechanisms. In acute stroke patients with atherosclerotic plaque, we found that the serum level of miR-181b was decreased. Eight-week apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice were randomly divided into three groups (N = 10): mice fed with normal saline (Ctrl), mice fed with high-fat diet, and tail vein injection with miRNA agomir negative control (AG-NC)/miR-181b agomir (181b-AG, a synthetic miR-181b agonist)...
October 8, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Xiaomin Liu, Lijing Hou, Weiwei Huang, Yuan Gao, Xin Lv, Jiyou Tang
OBJECTIVE: lncRNAs are recently thought to play a significant role in cellular homeostasis during pathological process of diseases by competing inhibiting miRNA function. The aim of present study was to assess the function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 and its functional interaction with microRNA-181b in cerebral ischemic infarct of mice and hypoxia-induced neurons apoptosis. METHODS: To address this question, we performed the experiments with in vivo middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mice model and in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-cultured neuronal HT22 cell line...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Cheng Feng, Ming Bai, Nan-Ze Yu, Xiao-Jun Wang, Zeng Liu
Our study aims to explore the role of microRNA-181b (miR-181b) and TLR in the regulation of cell proliferation of human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs) in psoriasis. Twenty-eight patients diagnosed with psoriasis vulgaris were selected as a case group with their lesional and non-lesional skin tissues collected. A control group consisted of 20 patients who underwent plastic surgery with their healthy skin tissues collected. Real-time quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expressions of miR-181b and TLR4 in HEKs of healthy skin, psoriatic lesional skin and non-lesional skin respectively...
February 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Zhi Chen, HuaiPing Shi, Shuang Sun, HuiFen Xu, DuoYao Cao, Jun Luo
Milk fat metabolism is a complex procedure controlled by several factors. MiRNAs (microRNAs) regulate expression of genes and influence a series of biological procedures, such as fatty acid metabolism. Here we screened expression of goat mammary gland's miRNA during peak-lactation and late-lactation, and found that miR-181b expresses remarkably. Moreover, we illustrated that the over-expression of miR-181b impaired fat metabolism while the knockdown of miR-181b promoted fat metabolism in GMEC. These findings extend the discovery of miR-181b functioning in mediating adipocyte differentiation, by suggesting its role in impairing fat metabolism, which develops our cognition on the importance of miRNAs in milk fat metabolism and synthesis...
October 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Fujun Yu, Zhongqiu Lu, Bicheng Chen, Peihong Dong, Jianjian Zheng
Previously, we found that long intergenic noncoding RNA-p21 (lincRNA-p21) inhibits hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and liver fibrosis via p21. However, the underlying mechanism of the antifibrotic role of lincRNA-p21 in liver fibrosis remains largely unknown. Here, we found that lincRNA-p21 expression was significantly downregulated during liver fibrosis. In LX-2 cells, the reduction of lincRNA-p21 induced by TGF-β1 was in a dose- and time-dependent manner. lincRNA-p21 expression was reduced in liver tissues from patients with liver cirrhosis when compared with that of healthy controls...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Qi Zhou, Xiao Zheng, Lujun Chen, Bin Xu, Xin Yang, Jingting Jiang, Changping Wu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) plays a major role in tumorigenesis. MicroRNA-181b (miRNA-181b) is a multifaceted miRNA that has been implicated in many cellular processes such as cell fate determination and cellular invasion. This study aimed to confirm the relationship of miRNA-181b and the TGF-β-Smad2/3/4 pathway with the induction of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer. METHODS: This study investigated the ability of TGF-β to induce migration by wound healing and transwell invasion assays in human gastric cancer cell lines...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Liang-Qing Li, Yang Yang, Hui Chen, Lin Zhang, Dun Pan, Wen-Jun Xie
Cancer cells usually utilize glucose as a carbon source for aerobic glycolysis, which is named as ``Warburg effect''. Recent studies have shown that MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of short and non-coding RNAs, play a role in the regulation of metabolic reprograming in cancer cells. In the present study, we report that miR-181b negatively regulates glycolysis in gastric cancer cells. Over-expression of miR-181b mimics reduces the glucose uptake and lactate production, while increasing the cellular ATP levels in NCI-N87 and MGC80-3 cells...
June 7, 2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Jibin Lin, Shaolin He, Xinghui Sun, Gregory Franck, Yihuan Deng, Dafeng Yang, Stefan Haemmig, A K M Wara, Basak Icli, Dazhu Li, Mark W Feinberg
Thrombogenic and inflammatory mediators, such as thrombin, induce NF-κB-mediated endothelial cell (EC) activation and dysfunction, which contribute to pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis. The role of anti-inflammatory microRNA-181b (miR-181b) on thrombosis remains unknown. Our previous study demonstrated that miR-181b inhibits downstream NF-κB signaling in response to TNF-α. Here, we demonstrate that miR-181b uniquely inhibits upstream NF-κB signaling in response to thrombin. Overexpression of miR-181b inhibited thrombin-induced activation of NF-κB signaling, demonstrated by reduction of phospho-IKK-β, -IκB-α, and p65 nuclear translocation in ECs...
September 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Jian-Li Shao, Zhi-Zhong Li, Liang Wang, Gen-Long Jiao, Zhi-Gang Zhou, Guo-Dong Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of miR-181b on the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells. METHODS: Three cultured osteosarcoma cell lines and MG-63 cells transfected with miR-181b inhibitor were examined for miR-181b expression using qRT-PCR analysis. The cell migration and invasion of the transfected cells were assessed with Transwell assay. The targets of miR-181b were predicted using a miRNA target prediction software and the results were verified with luciferase reporter assay...
March 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Xinghui Sun, Jibin Lin, Yu Zhang, Sona Kang, Nathan Belkin, Akm K Wara, Basak Icli, Naomi M Hamburg, Dazhu Li, Mark W Feinberg
RATIONALE: The pathogenesis of insulin resistance involves dysregulated gene expression and function in multiple cell types, including endothelial cells (ECs). Post-transcriptional mechanisms such as microRNA-mediated regulation of gene expression could affect insulin action by modulating EC function. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether microRNA-181b (miR-181b) affects the pathogenesis of insulin resistance by regulating EC function in white adipose tissue during obesity...
March 4, 2016: Circulation Research
Yazhen Wang, Genxiang Mao, Yuandong Lv, Qingdong Huang, Guofu Wang
Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by severe lung edema and an increase in the inflammatory reaction. Considerable evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are involved in various human diseases; however, the expression profile and function of miRNAs in ALI have been rarely reported. The present study used miRNA microarray and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction to demonstrate that miR-181b is the one of the most significantly upregulated miRNA after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation in human bronchial epithelial cells, BEAS-2B...
October 2015: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Tie-Jun Li, Yan-Li Chen, Chao-Jun Gua, Sheng-Jiang Xue, Shu-Mei Ma, Xiao-Dong Li
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) hyperplasia is a common feature of pathologic cardiovascular event such as restenosis and atherosclerosis. The role and mechanisms of microRNAs (miRs) in VSMCs proliferation are poorly understood. Here, we report that miR-181b promotes VSMCs proliferation and migration. In an animal model, miR-181b was significantly increased in the rat carotid artery after balloon catheter injury. Delivery of miR-181b inhibitor to injured artery exhibited a marked inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Xiaoli Li, Guoliang Cao
OBJECTIVE: To observe the serum expression of miR-181b in atherosclerotic patients and the in vitro effects of miR-181b on vascular smooth muscle cell growth and migration. METHODS: Fifty patients (mean age: (78.1 ± 8.9) years old) with carotid ultrasound examination evidenced atherosclerotic plaque were enrolled as the atherosclerosis group and 50 healthy (mean age: (72.5 ± 10.7) years old) subjects serve as control group. Stem-loop real time RT-PCR was used to detect the serum expression of miR-181b...
June 2015: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
X Peng, Q S Gao, L Zhou, Z H Chen, S Lu, H J Huang, C Y Zhan, M Xiang
There is limited information about microRNAs (miR-NAs) in H9N2 subtype influenza virus-infected chicken cells or tissues. In this study, 10,487,469 and 13,119,795 reads were obtained from in-fected and non-infected chicken embryo fibroblasts, respectively. Seven hundred and thirty-six and 1004 miRNAs, including mature miRNAs and precursors, were obtained from the infected and non-infected fibro-blasts, respectively. Of those miRNAs, 48 were expressed differently between the groups: 37 had a low expression level in the infected chick-en embryo fibroblast, and the remaining 11 had a higher expression level...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Clara McClure, Ekram Ali, Dima Youssef, Zhi Q Yao, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
Mounting evidence supports that sepsis-associated immunosuppression increases mortality. As potential contributors to poor sepsis outcomes, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, which are Gr1(+) CD11b(+) innate-immune cell progenitors unable to differentiate and possess suppressive activities, expand dramatically in septic mice by a process requiring increased microRNA-21 and microRNA-181b expression. The inhibition of these microRNAs in vivo in septic mice restores Gr1(+) CD11b(+) cell differentiation and maturation and improves survival...
January 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
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