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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691273/a-brain-populated-with-space-occupying-lesions-identifying-the-culprit
#1
Rawan A AlHarmi, Deyari Fryad Henari, Raafat Hammad Seroor Jadah, Haya Mohammed AlKhayyat
This is a case of an 8-year-old girl who was previously healthy and presented with unresponsiveness on a background of fever that resolved within 2 days of onset. History was significant for recurrent dental abscesses requiring drainage. Imaging revealed what was unexpected: a brain overloaded with multiple space-occupying lesions and diffuse oedema. The patient was started on mannitol and dexamethasone in addition to antimicrobials. Her condition improved dramatically within few days. Multiple aspiration procedures were performed later and she recovered fully with minor deficits...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691187/home-care-with-acupuncture-increased-the-quality-of-life-in-a-patient-with-advanced-cancer-with-neuropathic-pain-induced-by-bone-metastasis-a-case-report
#2
Ching-Feng Su
A 66-year-old female patient was diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma accompanied by neuropathic pain induced by a metastatic tumor that compromised root and spinal canal. Although her pain was relieved following medical treatment, breakthrough pain occurring 1-2 times a day was still distressing. Neuropathic pain in her right lower limb caused discomfort and irritability and decreased her quality of life. We had limited options to adjust her prescription drug regime, due to the side effect of these drugs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690864/radiogenic-angiosarcoma-of-the-breast-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Askin Dogan, Peter Kern, Beate Schultheis, Günther Häusler, Günther A Rezniczek, Clemens B Tempfer
BACKGROUND: Radiogenic angiosarcoma of the breast (RASB) is a rare late sequela of local irradiation of the breast or chest wall after breast cancer. The prognosis of women with RASB is poor and there is no standardized therapy for this type of malignancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 54 year old woman with RASB (poorly differentiated angiosarcoma of the left breast; pT1, pNX, M0, L0, V0) and a history of invasive-ductal cancer of the left breast (pT1b, G2, pN0, ER positive, PR positive, HER-2/neu negative) treated in July 2012 with breast-conserving surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy with 6 cycles of epirubicin and cyclophosphamide, adjuvant irradiation of the left breast with 50 Gray, and adjuvant endocrine therapy with an aromatase inhibitor...
April 24, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690797/atezolizumab-for-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#4
Debora Basile, Giacomo Pelizzari, Maria Grazia Vitale, Camilla Lisanti, Marika Cinausero, Donatella Iacono, Fabio Puglisi
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer diagnosed among women. The development of new personalized therapeutic strategies has reshaped the landscape in this field. However, BC is still the first cause of death among women. Interestingly, several preclinical studies and some clinical evidences are focused their attention on the role of immune system and immunotherapy on cancer control, also in BC. Areas covered: Usually, BC has been considered a not immunogenic tumor for its low mutational load. However, recent studies have evidenced that some subtypes, triple negative and HER-2 positive BC, are "hot" tumors, thus more immunogenic...
April 24, 2018: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688898/vaginal-myomectomy-to-resolve-bladder-outlet-obstruction-50-years-after-hysterectomy
#5
Shorty Johansson, Rustin Walters, Kaitlyn Mayer, Stuart Shippey
BACKGROUND: Leiomyomas can develop after hysterectomy and, when located in the bladder, can result in voiding dysfunction and incontinence. CASE: Fifty years after a hysterectomy, a 77-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of urinary retention requiring self-catheterization and bothersome urinary incontinence. Multiple imaging modalities demonstrated a well-circumscribed 2-cm mass abutting the bladder beneath the trigone. After ureteral stent placement, we excised the nonpalpable mass using ultrasound guidance...
April 23, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688695/two-dimensional-mos-2-confined-co-oh-2-electrocatalysts-for-hydrogen-evolution-in-alkaline-electrolytes
#6
Yuting Luo, Xu Li, Xingke Cai, Xiaolong Zou, Feiyu Kang, Hui-Ming Cheng, Bilu Liu
The development of abundant and cheap electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) has attracted increasing attention over recent years. However, to achieve low-cost HER electrocatalysis, especially in alkaline media, is still a big challenge due to the sluggish water dissociation kinetics as well as the poor long-term stability of catalysts. In this paper we report the design and synthesis of a two-dimensional (2D) MoS2 confined Co(OH)2 nanoparticle electrocatalyst, which accelerates water dissociation and exhibits good durability in alkaline solutions, leading to significant improvement in HER performance...
April 24, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688629/oxygen-doping-to-optimize-atomic-hydrogen-binding-energy-on-nicop-for-highly-efficient-hydrogen-evolution
#7
Chunlei Liu, Gong Zhang, Li Yu, Jiuhui Qu, Huijuan Liu
An outstanding hydrogen evolution electrocatalyst should have a free energy of adsorbed atomic hydrogen of approximately zero, which enables not only a fast proton/electron-transfer step but also rapid hydrogen release. An economic and industrially viable alternative approach for the optimization of atomic hydrogen binding energy is urgently needed. Herein, guided by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, it is theoretically demonstrated that oxygen doping in NiCoP can indeed optimize the atomic hydrogen binding energy (e...
April 24, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688563/prenatal-exposure-to-dehp-induces-neuronal-degeneration-and-neurobehavioral-abnormalities-in-adult-male-mice
#8
Radwa Barakat, Po-Ching Lin, Chan Jin Park, Catherine Best-Popescu, Hatem H Bakery, Mohamed E Abosalum, Nabila M Abdelaleem, Jodi A Flaws, CheMyong Ko
Phthalates are a family of synthetic chemicals that are used in producing a variety of consumer products. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an widely used phthalate and poses a public health concern. Prenatal exposure to DEHP has been shown to induce premature reproductive senescence in animal studies. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to DEHP impairs neurobehavior and recognition memory in her male offspring and we investigated one possible mechanism-oxidative damage in the hippocampus...
April 23, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688286/endovascular-repair-of-thrombosed-type-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-with-critical-renal-artery-malperfusion
#9
Atsushi Omura, Hitoshi Matsuda, Jiro Matsuo, Junjiro Kobayashi
An 81-year-old woman was referred to our centre for emergency surgery with a suspected diagnosis of acute aortic dissection. Laboratory tests showed marked elevation of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) demonstrated Type A aortic dissection with a thrombosed false lumen in the ascending aorta. The primary entry tear was located 2 cm distal to the left subclavian artery. Malperfusion of bilateral renal arteries was also evident due to compression by the false lumen...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687086/vertical-diplopia-and-oscillopsia-due-to-midbrain-keyhole-aqueduct-syndrome-associated-with-severe-cough
#10
Angela Jinsook Oh, Bryan Alexander Lanzman, Yaping Joyce Liao
Purpose: Midline structural defects in the neural axis can give rise to neuro-ophthalmic symptoms. We report a rare case of keyhole aqueduct syndrome presenting after two years of severe cough due to gastroesophageal reflux disease. Observations: A 58-year-old woman with a 2-year history of daily, severe cough presented to the neuro-ophthalmology clinic with progressive diplopia and oscillopsia. Examination revealed a 1-2 Hz down-beating nystagmus in primary gaze that worsened with left, right, and down gazes...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686379/maternal-early-pregnancy-obesity-and-related-pregnancy-and-pre-pregnancy-disorders-associations-with-child-developmental-milestones-in-the-prospective-predo-study
#11
Polina Girchenko, Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Jari Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Kati Heinonen, Riikka Pyhälä, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Pia M Villa, Eero Kajantie, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Hannele Laivuori, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have linked maternal pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) with suboptimal neurodevelopment in her offspring; however, the literature is not entirely consistent. Whether these effects are muddled by maternal self-reports of pre-pregnancy weight and height, or are driven or amplified by the well often comorbid hypertensive and diabetic pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders, remains unclear. We examined whether maternal early pregnancy obesity is associated with developmental delay in her offspring, and if the associations are driven or amplified by diabetic and hypertensive pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685139/close-and-regular-surveillance-is-key-to-prevent-severe-complications-for-peutz-jeghers-syndrome-patients-without-gastrointestinal-polyps-case-report-of-a-novel-stk11-mutation-c-471_472delct-in-a-chinese-girl
#12
Zi-Ye Zhao, Yu-Liang Jiang, Bai-Rong Li, Jing Li, Xiao-Wei Jin, En-Da Yu, Shou-Bin Ning
BACKGROUND: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a Mendelian disease characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomas, mucocutaneous pigmentation (MP), and increased cancer risk. Serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) is the only validated causative gene in PJS. Clinical observation reveals MP and intussusception in childhood are more frequent and severe than in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here a girl without a positive family history, who grew oral and fingertip MP at her age of 2 and got abdomen dull pain from 7 years old...
April 23, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684384/knockdown-of-poldip2-suppresses-tumor-growth-and-invasion-capacity-and-is-linked-to-unfavorable-transformation-ability-and-metastatic-feature-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
Ying-Chieh Chen, Chih-Chi Kuo, Chih-Feng Chian, Ching Tzao, Shan-Yueh Chang, Yu-Lueng Shih, Ya-Wen Lin, Mu-Hsien Yu, Her-Young Su
The main problem in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is metastasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is known as the critical signaling in tumor progression, metastasis, and also the drug resistance. In this study, we reported a novel gene Polymerase delta-interacting protein 2 (POLDIP2) was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and first demonstrated that overexpression of POLDIP2 increased the anchorage-independent growth (AIG) and invasiveness of H1299 cells. In addition, we examined that knockdown of POLDIP2 in H1299 and A549 cells reduced tumorigenicity and metastatic capacity in vitro and also in vivo...
April 20, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684303/validation-of-the-inventaire-du-milieu-familial-questionnaire-french-version-of-the-infant-toddler-home-into-the-brazilian-portuguese-language
#14
Simone Sudbrack, Fernanda P Barbosa, Rita Mattiello, Linda Booij, Geovana R Estorgato, Moisés S Dutra, Fabiana D de Assunção, Magda L Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Family Environment Assessment questionnaire (Inventaire du Milieu Familial). METHODS: The validation process was carried out in two stages. First, translation and back-translation were performed, and in the second phase, the questionnaire was applied in 72 families of children between 0 and 24 months for the validation process. The tool consists of the following domains: mother's communication ability; behavior; organization of the physical and temporal environment; collection/quantity of toys; maternal attitude of constant attention toward her baby; diversification of stimuli; baby's behavior...
April 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684088/is-extraordinary-prosocial-behavior-more-valuable-than-ordinary-prosocial-behavior
#15
Ikumi Futamura
This study examined how people evaluate ordinary and extraordinary prosocial behaviors, especially their predictions of the likelihood of future prosocial behaviors of ordinary and extraordinary prosocial actors (Study 1). Further, it examined the individual effects of ordinary and extraordinary prosocial behaviors of an actor on the evaluation of his/her trait by considering the cases where the actor engages in and does not engage in the other behavior (Study 2). Study 1 revealed that the likelihood of future prosocial behaviors of ordinary and extraordinary prosocial actors was perceived asymmetrically...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682102/expression-of-pentose-phosphate-pathway-related-proteins-in-breast-cancer
#16
Junjeong Choi, Eun-Sol Kim, Ja Seung Koo
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the expression of pentose phosphate pathway- (PPP-) related proteins and their significance in clinicopathologic factors of breast cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining for PPP-related proteins (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [G6PDH], 6-phosphogluconolactonase [6PGL], 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase [6PGDH], and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 [NRF2]) was performed using tissue microarray (TMA) of 348 breast cancers...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682014/neurosurgical-interventions-for-occipital-encephalocele
#17
Lal Rehman, Ghulam Farooq, Irum Bukhari
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to find the outcome of repair and resection of the occipital encephalocele. Study Design: Case series. Materials and Methods: The clinical data of fifty consecutive occipital encephalocele patients were retrieved from medical records including operative notes, postoperative follow-up visits, and postsurgical complications were noted for analysis from November 2009 to November 2013 at the Department of Neurosurgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681839/long-term-follow-up-of-congenital-simple-hamartoma-of-the-retinal-pigment-epithelium-a-case-report
#18
Yuka Ito, Masahito Ohji
Background: Congenital simple hamartoma of the retinal pigment epithelium (CSHRPE) is a rare benign tumor of the retinal pigment epithelium characterized by a focal, darkly pigmented nodule in the macular lesion in healthy persons. We report a case of CSHRPE with long-term follow-up. Case: A 41-year-old Japanese woman was incidentally discovered to have a dark lesion on the fundus of the left eye. We evaluated the patient by measuring her best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and by slit-lamp biomicroscopy, fundus color photography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) over a 10-year period...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681595/remission-of-palmoplantar-pustulosis-after-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-a-patient-with-titanium-allergy
#19
Takanori Kono, Takeshi Oda, Keiichi Akaiwa, Katsuhiko Nakamura, Kenya Sasaoka, Hiroyuki Tanaka
Metal allergy is an uncommon problem during surgery. Among them, titanium allergy is said to be rare, but can lead to serious complications, such as palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP). A 69-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a chief complaint of chest pain. Coronary angiography showed severe coronary artery disease that required coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The patient had a history of orthopedic surgery for left distal radius fracture 2 years previously, which resulted in inflammation on the left arm and PPP...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680792/-pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-in-a-patient-taking-benepali-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Kay Frances Graham, Anne McEntegart
We present a case of a 57-year-old woman who contracted Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia while on Benepali, the biosimilar version of etanercept for rheumatoid arthritis. She had seropositive erosive disease. She was admitted to clinic with a 2-week history of dyspnoea, dry cough and fever. Her initial examination showed her to be hypoxic on air with saturations of 77% and left basal crackles. Her admission chest X-ray showed fine reticular shadowing, with an initial suspicion of pulmonary fibrosis. She was empirically treated for community-acquired pneumonia but continued to deteriorate with a worsening type 1 respiratory failure...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
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