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Jacob vigil

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626904/pediatric-pituitary-resection-characterizing-surgical-approaches-and-complications
#1
Curtis Hanba, Peter F Svider, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Anthony Sheyn, Jeffrey T Jacob, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
BACKGROUND: Although there has been extensive study evaluating adult pituitary surgery, there has been scant analysis among children. Our objective was to evaluate a population-based resource to characterize nationwide trends in surgical approach, hospital stay, and complications among children undergoing pituitary surgery. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient-Database (KID) files (2009/2012) were evaluated for pituitary gland excisions. Procedure, patient demographics, length of inpatient stay, inpatient costs, hospital setting, and surgical complications were analyzed...
September 14, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625490/anesthesia-for-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-retrospective-case-series
#2
Nithin Jayan, Jaya Susan Jacob, Mohan Mathew, Roy Joy Mukkada
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a safe and minimally invasive modality regarded as the first-line management of all types of achalasia. POEM is performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation using an orally inserted flexible fiberscope. The aim of this study is to describe the anesthetic management of POEM for achalasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A chart review of 21 patients who underwent POEM for achalasia at our center from March 2013 to June 2015 was performed...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562441/does-ultrasociality-really-exist%C3%A2-%C3%A2-and-is-it-the-best-predictor-of-human-economic-behaviors
#3
Sarah S Stith, Jacob M Vigil
We agree that human economic structures can be informed by comparative analyses; however, we do not agree with several of Gowdy & Krall's specific assertions, which may hinder the generative potential of their model. We discuss these limitations from both biological and economic perspectives, and offer an alternative explanation for the expression of human economic behaviors based on individual optimization strategies.
January 2016: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561381/multi-level-selection-social-signaling-and-the-evolution-of-human-suffering-gestures-the-example-of-pain-behaviors
#4
COMMENT
Jacob M Vigil, Eric Kruger
Pain suffering has been naturally selected to be experienced and expressed within a wider social system. The communication of pain improves group coordination and decision-making about engaging in resource dependent and potentially risky endeavors. Recent findings warrant the development of a cohesive framework for understanding the reciprocal nature of pain expression and individual and group-level outcomes that can generate novel predictions on the heuristical expression of human suffering in naturalistic and clinical settings...
January 2016: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487644/loeys-dietz-syndrome-perioperative-anesthesia-considerations
#5
Judy G Johnson, Jacob P Bray, William H Risher, Alan David Kaye
Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease related to genetic mutations in receptors for the cytokine transforming growth factor-receptor type 1 (TGFB-R1) or 2 gene (TGFB-R2) on the cell surface. LDS results in abnormal protein synthesis and dysfunctional connective tissue, which can result in unique cardiovascular anesthesia challenges related to perioperative management. Patients with LDS may manifest hypertelorism, bifid uvula or cleft palate, and arterial tortuosity. Virtually all LDS patients show some type of abnormal skin findings and bleeding tendency...
June 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390225/prevalence-of-axial-spondyloarthropathy-among-patients-suffering-from-fibromyalgia-an-mri-study-with-application-of-the-asas-classification-criteria
#6
Jacob N Ablin, Iris Eshed, Mark Berman, Valerie Aloush, Irena Wigler, Dan Caspi, Maria Likhter, Jonathan Wollman, Daphna Paran, Marina Anouk, Ori Elkayam
Objective To evaluate the prevalence of sacroiliitis, the radiographic hallmark of inflammatory spondyloarthropathy, among patients diagnosed with the fibromyalgia syndrome, using the current ASAS criteria and MR imaging. Methods Patients suffering from FMS (ACR 1990 criteria) were interviewed regarding presence of SpA features and underwent HLA-B27 testing, CRP measurement and MRI examinations of the sacro-iliac joints. FMS severity was assessed by the FIQ and SF-36 questionnaires. SpA severity was assessed by the BASDAI...
July 7, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309712/temporal-lobe-gliosarcoma-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannoma
#7
Joseph R Kapurch, Jeffrey T Jacob, Matthew L Carlson, John L Atkinson, Aditya Raghunathan, Michael J Link
OBJECTIVE: Secondary tumorigenesis after exposure to ionizing radiation is a well-described phenomenon. The probability of developing a malignancy after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is theoretically less than conventional external beam radiation therapy; however, the exact risk remains unknown. Such information is important for patient counseling when considering treatment of benign conditions such as vestibular schwannoma (VS). The objective of the current report is to describe a case of a temporal lobe gliosarcoma developing 3 years after radiosurgical treatment of a sporadic VS...
September 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291296/comparative-chemical-genomics-reveal-that-the-spiroindolone-antimalarial-kae609-cipargamin-is-a-p-type-atpase-inhibitor
#8
Gregory M Goldgof, Jacob D Durrant, Sabine Ottilie, Edgar Vigil, Kenneth E Allen, Felicia Gunawan, Maxim Kostylev, Kiersten A Henderson, Jennifer Yang, Jake Schenken, Gregory M LaMonte, Micah J Manary, Ayako Murao, Marie Nachon, Rebecca Stanhope, Maximo Prescott, Case W McNamara, Carolyn W Slayman, Rommie E Amaro, Yo Suzuki, Elizabeth A Winzeler
The spiroindolones, a new class of antimalarial medicines discovered in a cellular screen, are rendered less active by mutations in a parasite P-type ATPase, PfATP4. We show here that S. cerevisiae also acquires mutations in a gene encoding a P-type ATPase (ScPMA1) after exposure to spiroindolones and that these mutations are sufficient for resistance. KAE609 resistance mutations in ScPMA1 do not confer resistance to unrelated antimicrobials, but do confer cross sensitivity to the alkyl-lysophospholipid edelfosine, which is known to displace ScPma1p from the plasma membrane...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209148/late-ebola-virus-relapse-causing-meningoencephalitis-a-case-report
#9
Michael Jacobs, Alison Rodger, David J Bell, Sanjay Bhagani, Ian Cropley, Ana Filipe, Robert J Gifford, Susan Hopkins, Joseph Hughes, Farrah Jabeen, Ingolfur Johannessen, Drosos Karageorgopoulos, Angie Lackenby, Rebecca Lester, Rebecca S N Liu, Alisdair MacConnachie, Tabitha Mahungu, Daniel Martin, Neal Marshall, Stephen Mepham, Richard Orton, Massimo Palmarini, Monika Patel, Colin Perry, S Erica Peters, Duncan Porter, David Ritchie, Neil D Ritchie, R Andrew Seaton, Vattipally B Sreenu, Kate Templeton, Simon Warren, Gavin S Wilkie, Maria Zambon, Robin Gopal, Emma C Thomson
BACKGROUND: There are thousands of survivors of the 2014 Ebola outbreak in west Africa. Ebola virus can persist in survivors for months in immune-privileged sites; however, viral relapse causing life-threatening and potentially transmissible disease has not been described. We report a case of late relapse in a patient who had been treated for severe Ebola virus disease with high viral load (peak cycle threshold value 13.2). METHODS: A 39-year-old female nurse from Scotland, who had assisted the humanitarian effort in Sierra Leone, had received intensive supportive treatment and experimental antiviral therapies, and had been discharged with undetectable Ebola virus RNA in peripheral blood...
July 30, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057847/patient-ethnicity-affects-triage-assessments-and-patient-prioritization-in-u-s-department-of-veterans-affairs-emergency-departments
#10
Jacob M Vigil, Patrick Coulombe, Joe Alcock, Eric Kruger, Sarah S Stith, Chance Strenth, Mark Parshall, Sara B Cichowski
Ethnic minority patients receive lower priority triage assignments in Veteran's Affairs (VA) emergency departments (EDs) compared to White patients, but it is currently unknown whether this disparity arises from generalized biases across the triage assessment process or from differences in how objective and/or subjective institution-level or person-level information is incorporated into the triage assessment process, thus contributing to disparate treatment.The VA database of electronic medical records of patients who presented to the VA ED from 2008 to 2012 was used to measure patient ethnicity, self-reported pain intensity (PI) levels, heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and nurse-provided triage assignment, the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) score...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26243720/open-calcaneus-fractures-and-associated-injuries
#11
Jacob R Worsham, Mark R Elliott, Anthony M Harris
Open calcaneus fractures are usually the result of high-energy mechanisms and are associated with other orthopedic and whole body system injures. Understanding the difference between open versus closed fractures is essential for the provider, and they must be vigilant for the associated injuries that present with this condition. We performed a retrospective medical record review of 62 patients (64 calcaneus fractures) with open calcaneus fractures from January 2003 to January 2013 presenting at a level 1 trauma center...
January 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26047668/the-curse-of-curves-sex-differences-in-the-associations-between-body-shape-and-pain-expression
#12
Jacob M Vigil, Chance R Strenth, Andrea A Mueller, Jared DiDomenico, Diego Guevara Beltran, Patrick Coulombe, Jane Ellen Smith
This study examines the associations between objective and subjective measurements and impressions of body shape and cold pressor pain reporting in healthy adults. On the basis of sexual selection theory (SST), we hypothesized that body characteristics that are universally preferred by the opposite sex-specifically, lower waist-to-hip ratios (WHR) in women and higher shoulder-to-hip ratios (SHR) in men-and characteristics (e.g., proportion of body fat in women) that infer attractiveness differently across cultures will correspond to higher experimental pain reporting in women and lower pain reporting in males...
June 2015: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26043102/structural-abnormalities-of-the-inner-macula-in-incontinentia-pigmenti
#13
Jacob Basilius, Marielle P Young, Timothy C Michaelis, Ronald Hobbs, Glen Jenkins, M Elizabeth Hartnett
IMPORTANCE: This report presents evidence from spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography of inner foveal structural abnormalities associated with vision loss in incontinentia pigmenti (IP). OBSERVATIONS: Two children had reduced visual behavior in association with abnormalities of the inner foveal layers on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Fluorescein angiography showed filling defects in retinal and choroidal circulations and irregularities of the foveal avascular zones...
September 2015: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26024515/ethnic-disparities-in-emergency-severity-index-scores-among-u-s-veteran-s-affairs-emergency-department-patients
#14
Jacob M Vigil, Joe Alcock, Patrick Coulombe, Laurie McPherson, Mark Parshall, Allison Murata, Heather Brislen
BACKGROUND: The goal of these analyses was to determine whether there were systematic differences in Emergency Severity Index (ESI) scores, which are intended to determine priority of treatment and anticipate resource needs, across categories of race and ethnicity, after accounting for patient-presenting vital signs and examiner characteristics, and whether these differences varied among male and female Veterans Affairs (VA) ED patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used a large national database of electronic medical records of ED patients from twenty-two U...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26015724/nitrousoxide-as-a-conscious-sedative-in-minor-oral-surgical-procedure
#15
REVIEW
Rakesh Mohan, Vigil Dev Asir, Shanmugapriyan, Vijay Ebenezr, Abu Dakir, Balakrishnan, Jeffin Jacob
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is the most commonly used inhalation anesthetic in dentistry and is commonly used in emergency centers and ambulatory surgery centers as well. When used alone, it is incapable of producing general anesthesia reliably. However, as a single agent, it has an impressive safety and is excellent for providing minimal and moderate sedation for apprehensive minor oral surgical procedure. In this article, action of N2O in overcoming the anxiety and pain of the patient during the minor oral surgery and its advantages and disadvantages, have been reviewed...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25892990/experimenter-effects-on-pain-reporting-in-women-vary-across-the-menstrual-cycle
#16
Jacob M Vigil, Jared DiDomenico, Chance Strenth, Patrick Coulombe, Eric Kruger, Andrea A Mueller, Diego Guevara Beltran, Ian Adams
Background. Separate lines of research have shown that menstrual cycling and contextual factors such as the gender of research personnel influence experimental pain reporting. Objectives. This study examines how brief, procedural interactions with female and male experimenters can affect experimentally reported pain (cold pressor task, CPT) across the menstrual cycle. Methods. Based on the menstrual calendars 94 naturally cycling women and 38 women using hormonal contraceptives (M age = 19.83,  SD = 3.09) were assigned to low and high fertility groups...
2015: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25830926/the-relationship-between-adolescents-pain-catastrophizing-and-attention-bias-to-pain-faces-is-moderated-by-attention-control
#17
Lauren C Heathcote, Tine Vervoort, Christopher Eccleston, Elaine Fox, Konrad Jacobs, Dimitri M L Van Ryckeghem, Jennifer Y F Lau
This study considered the attentional functioning of adolescents with varying levels of pain catastrophizing. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and attention bias to pain facial expressions. Furthermore, drawing on dual process models in the context of pain, we investigated the moderating role of attention control on this relationship. Adolescents (N = 73; age, 16-18 years) performed a dot-probe task in which facial expressions of pain and neutral expressions were presented for 100 milliseconds and 1250 milliseconds...
July 2015: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25761535/suprahepatic-gallbladder
#18
REVIEW
Jacob A Hessey, Laura Halpin, Kerri A Simo
INTRODUCTION: Suprahepatic gallbladders have been reported in the literature dating back to 1965. However, their etiology and consequences remain unclear. METHODS: A case of a patient being treated for biliary dyskinesia with an incidental finding of suprahepatic gallbladder is presented along with a literature review on the causes, effects, and management of a suprahepatic gallbladder. DISCUSSION: Patient underwent a robotic-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy without complications and had an uneventful recovery...
July 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25526017/impact-of-a-state-concussion-law-on-pediatric-emergency-department-visits
#19
Bonnie Mackenzie, Patrick Vivier, Steven Reinert, Jason Machan, Caroline Kelley, Elizabeth Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: Many states have passed concussion laws that mandate that players undergo medical clearance before returning to play. Few data have been collected on the impact of such laws on emergency department (ED) visits. This study measures the impact of Rhode Island concussion legislation on sports-related concussion visits to a pediatric ED. METHODS: International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes with injury mechanism-associated E-codes were extracted from hospital databases from 2004 to 2011 for both sports-related concussions and sports-related ankle ligamentous injuries (comparison group)...
January 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25430728/patients-experiences-of-postoperative-intermediate-care-and-standard-surgical-ward-care-after-emergency-abdominal-surgery-a-qualitative-sub-study-of-the-incare-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thordis Thomsen, Morten Vester-Andersen, Martin Vedel Nielsen, Tina Waldau, Ann Merete Møller, Jacob Rosenberg, Morten Hylander Møller, Kristin Brønnum Nystrup, Bente Appel Esbensen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To elicit knowledge of patient experiences of postoperative intermediate care in an intensive care unit and standard postoperative care in a surgical ward after emergency abdominal surgery. BACKGROUND: Emergency abdominal surgery is common, but little is known about how patients experience postoperative care. The patient population is generally older with multiple comorbidities, and the short-term postoperative mortality rate is 15-20%. Thus, vigilant surgeon and nursing attention is essential...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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