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Tension pneumothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651513/-chest-trauma-from-a-surgical-perspective
#1
Philipp Lichte, Sebastian Kalverkamp, Jan Spillner, Frank Hildebrand, Philipp Kobbe
Patients with multiple injuries in particular frequently also suffer from chest trauma. During the initial phase the identification and treatment of life-threatening injuries is essential and tension pneumothorax is of particular importance during this phase. The Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) algorithm should be followed for structured treatment. In most cases treatment by insertion of a chest tube is sufficient but for some injuries an emergency thoracotomy is unavoidable as a life-saving intervention...
April 12, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530471/whiptail-stingray-injury
#2
Simon Laurent, Olivier Martinet, Helene Cuq, Alain Rind, Philippe Durasnel, Claire Lenne, Renaud Blondé
Stingray injuries to the chest are rare but potentially life-threatening. They may occur in remote areas where advanced emergency healthcare services are unavailable. We describe the case of a 24-year-old man with tension pneumothorax due to a Himantura fai stingray injury to the left chest. The chest wound was unremarkable, with no external bleeding or evidence of a foreign body. Decompression was performed at the scene with an improvised knife procedure and a hollow writing pen, which served as a chest tube...
March 9, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521705/chest-trauma-in-athletic-medicine
#3
Nicholas R Phillips, Derek E Kunz
While overall sports participation continues at high rates, chest injuries occur relatively infrequently. Many conditions of chest injury are benign, related to simple contusions and strains, but the more rare, severe injuries carry a much higher risk of morbidity and mortality than the typical issues encountered in athletic medicine. Missed or delayed diagnosis can prove to be catastrophic. Sports medicine providers must be prepared to encounter a wide range of traumatic conditions relating to the torso, varying from the benign chest wall contusion to the life-threatening tension pneumothorax...
March 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501016/management-of-extensive-surgical-emphysema-with-subcutaneous-drain-a-case-report
#4
Quoc Tran, Ryo Mizumoto, Daniel Mehanna
INTRODUCTION: Subcutaneous emphysema (SE) is a frequent and often self-limiting complication of tube thoracostomy or other cardiothoracic procedures. On rare occasions, severe and extensive surgical emphysema marked by palpable cutaneous tension, dysphagia, dysphonia, palpebral closure or associated with pneumoperitoneum, airway compromise, "tension phenomenon" and respiratory failure require treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67 year old lady presented with a large spontaneous pneumothorax on the background of end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and newly diagnosed lung cancer, developed extensive surgical emphysema following insertion of a chest drain...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483472/-hemothorax-occurring-after-chest-drainage-for-tension-pneumothorax-report-of-a-case
#5
Masanobu Hayakawa, Kazuyuki Oda
A 23-year-old man was transported to our hospital complaining of chest pain and dyspnea. Chest X-ray revealed the right side tension pneumothorax with pleural effusion. A 12 Fr. chest tube was inserted. After 6 hours of chest drainage, the sign of intrathoracic bleeding appeared and the emergency operation was performed. The bleeding point was successfully coagulated with electrocautery. The postoperative course was uneventful.
February 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482698/occult-pneumothorax-what-do-we-need-to-do
#6
Huma Sabir Khan, Abdul Wadood, Mahmood Ayyaz
Occult pneumothorax is a condition in which a patient's clinical examination and chest radiograph are normal; but there is pneumothorax on computed tomography (CT) scan. We here describe two cases of trauma whose initial survey and chest X-ray showed normal lung markings bilaterally; but CT scan done subsequently, showed pneumothorax which was managed by chest intubation. There is still an ongoing debate about the management of occult pneumothorax. Simple observation is recommended for an asymptomatic pneumothorax...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477923/gastrothorax-a-case-of-mistaken-identity
#7
Shehan Wickramasinghe, Boris Ruggiero, Liang Low
INTRODUCTION: Acute wrap failure post fundoplication is a rare but recognized complication and can be due to patient factors, disease factors and surgical factors. Herniation of the stomach into the thorax can mimic a pneumothorax clinically and radiologically and thus lead to bad outcomes for patients. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 20-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with progressively worsening upper abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting followed by acute onset dyspnoea, six days post a laparoscopic repair of a small hiatus hernia and a Nissen fundoplication...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473215/primary-cutaneous-aspergillosis-caused-by-aspergillus-tamarii-in-a-premature-infant-with-extremely-low-birthweight-a-case-report-with-short-review
#8
Hiroshi Kimura, Isamu Mitsuto, Ritsuyo Taguchi, Kazushi Anzawa, Takashi Mochizuki
Primary cutaneous aspergillosis is a rare, life-threatening fungal infection in premature infants. We report a case of primary cutaneous aspergillosis caused by Aspergillus tamarii in an extremely low birthweight infant. The infant was delivered by cesarean section with complications from an intrauterine infection, brain intraventricular hemorrhage, tension pneumothorax and cardiac tamponade. On the 12th day of life, he developed erythematous maceration with erosion on his back. Septate hyphae were detected on two occasions from specimens of the skin lesion...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411175/will-the-presence-of-radiological-signs-of-tension-pneumothorax-affect-the-clinical-presentation-of-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#9
Yasser Aljehani, Feras Almajid, Hind Alsaif
INTRODUCTION: Patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) rarely presented with radiological signs of tension pneumothorax on their presenting chest X-ray. Even though, those patients may not develop the hemodynamic instability that is seen in tension pneumothorax. The aim of this study is to elaborate whether the presence of radiological signs of tension pneumothorax in patients with PSP will affect their clinical presentation. METHODS: Retrospective study of all cases of PSP over a period from January 2007 to December 2014...
February 6, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397892/discussion-evaluation-of-a-novel-thoracic-entry-device-versus-needle-decompression-in-a-tension-pneumothorax-swine-model
#10
Frederic J Cole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370055/-the-modified-veress-needle-mvn-for-tension-pneumothorax
#11
Peter Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361455/tension-pneumothorax-during-one-lung-ventilation-an-underestimated-complication
#12
Dominik Johannes Hoechter, Eike Speck, Daniel Siegl, Henning Laven, Bernhard Zwissler, Tobias Kammerer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317045/evaluation-of-a-novel-thoracic-entry-device-versus-needle-decompression-in-a-tension-pneumothorax-swine-model
#13
John Kuckelman, Mike Derickson, Cody Phillips, Morgan Barron, Shannon Marko, Matthew Eckert, Matthew Martin
INTRODUCTION: Tension pneumothorax (tPTX) remains a major cause of preventable death in trauma. Needle decompression (ND) has up to a 60% failure rate. METHODS: Post-mortem swine used. Interventions were randomized to 14G-needle decompression (ND, n = 25), bladed trocar with 36Fr cannula (BTW, n = 16), bladed trocar alone (BTWO, n = 16) and surgical thoracostomy (ST = 11). Simulated tPTX was created to a pressure(p) of 20 mmHg. RESULTS: Success (p < 5 mmHg by 120 s) was seen in 41 of 68 (60%) interventions...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306264/management-of-right-main-bronchial-rupture-with-a-double-lumen-endotracheal-tube-in-a-patient-with-blunt-chest-trauma
#14
Seung Hwan Seol, Woon Jeong Lee, Seon Hee Woo, Dae Hui Kim, Jong Hui Suh
Tracheobronchial disruption is one of the most severe injuries caused by blunt chest trauma. It may cause airway obstruction and resulting life-threatening respiratory deficiency. However, the clinical presentations are variable and frequently difficult to diagnose. We report a case of a previously healthy 16-year-old man with complete right main bronchial transection sustained after a vehicular accident, who had progressive dyspnea, subcutaneous emphysema in the neck and anterior chest wall, and bilateral tension pneumothorax...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305713/the-benefit-of-ultrasound-in-deciding-between-tube-thoracostomy-and-observative-management-in-hemothorax-resulting-from-blunt-chest-trauma
#15
Meng-Hsuan Chung, Chen-Yuan Hsiao, Nai-Shin Nian, Yen-Chia Chen, Chien-Ying Wang, Yi-Szu Wen, Hsin-Chin Shih, David Hung-Tsang Yen
BACKGROUND: Hemothorax is most commonly resulted from a closed chest trauma, while a tube thoracostomy (TT) is usually the first procedure attempted to treat it. However, TT may lead to unexpected results and complications in some cases. The advantage of thoracic ultrasound (TUS) over a physical examination combined with chest radiograph (CXR) for diagnosing hemothorax1 has been proposed previously. However, its benefits in terms of avoiding non-therapeutic TT have not yet been confirmed...
January 5, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237674/tension-pneumothorax-and-diffuse-subcutaneous-emphysema-as-a-complication-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#16
Ahmad Sharayah, Dileep Unnikrishnan, Prem Shanker Shukla, Douglas Livornese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221298/the-redax-%C3%A2-coaxial-drain-in-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-study-of-efficacy
#17
Ottavio Rena, Sara Parini, Esther Papalia, Fabio Massera, Davide Turello, Guido Baietto, Caterina Casadio
Background: Pleural drainage is required after pulmonary lobectomy to evacuate air-leak and fluid. We compared the performance of the new Redax® Coaxial Drain (CD) (Redax, Mirandola, Italy) with a standard chest tube (CT) in terms of fluid and air-leak evacuation. Methods: Fifty-two patients receiving a 24-F CD under water-seal after pulmonary lobectomy through open surgery or video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) were matched according to demographic, clinical and pathological variables with 104 patients receiving a 24-F CT...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210722/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-periarrest-setting-lessons-learned-a-case-report
#18
Peter Juhl-Olsen, Rasmus Aagaard, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen
Point-of-care ultrasound may elucidate reversible causes of cardiac arrest, and its use is supported by international guidelines in the periarrest setting. We present a case in which the treatment of cardiac arrest caused tension pneumothoraces and cardiac tamponade by pneumopericardium. Both pneumothorax and tamponade were expected to be identified with ultrasound, but were not. Subcutaneous emphysema precluded the diagnosis of pneumothorax. Cardiac imaging was false negative for tamponade, because the latter was caused by air and not fluid...
November 27, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207778/delayed-tension-pneumothorax-identification-and-treatment-in-traumatic-bronchial-injury-an-interesting-presentation
#19
Amit Gupta, Amulya Rattan, Sunil Kumar, Vinita Rathi
A 13-year-old girl, who did not receive any treatment for few hours following Road Traffic Injury (RTI), reported to the Casualty Department and found to have patent airway with clinically normal C spine, air-hunger (RR 42/minute), trachea deviated to left, distended neck veins and absent breath sounds on the right side. The chest X-ray she carried, done immediately after the injury, showed right sided tension pneumothorax. She was put on oxygen at 11 L/minute and an Intercostal chest tube drainage (ICD) was inserted on right side...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188917/-implementation-of-the-hartford-consensus-and-tactical-combat-casualty-care-recommendations-in-emergency-services-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Carmen Usero-Pérez, Valentín González Alonso, Luis Orbañanos Peiro, José Manuel Gómez Crespo, Sheima Hossain López
Recent terrorist attacks involving active shooters or improvised explosive devices have shown that traditionally sequenced emergency management leads to delays in attending victims and suboptimal outcomes. Tactical medicine, a new concept in prehospital care, emerged from experience attending the wounded in combat zones, where the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) recommendations are applied. TCCC targets 3 main causes of preventable death in combat: bleeding from extremities, tension pneumothorax, and airway obstruction...
2017: Emergencias: revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
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