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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457327/an-epidemiologic-overview-of-13%C3%A2-years-of-firearm-hospitalizations-in-pennsylvania
#1
Brian W Gross, Alan D Cook, Cole D Rinehart, Caitlin A Lynch, Eric H Bradburn, Katherine A Bupp, Chet A Morrison, Frederick B Rogers
BACKGROUND: Gun violence is a controversial public health issue plagued by a lack of recent research. We sought to provide a 13-y overview of firearm hospitalizations in Pennsylvania, analyzing trends in mode, intent, and outcome. We hypothesized that no adjusted change in mortality or functional status at discharge (FSD) would be observed for gunshot wound (GSW) victims over the study period. METHODS: All admissions to the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study database from 2003 to 2015 were queried...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382215/central-cord-syndrome-from-blast-injury-after-gunshot-wound-to-the-spine-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Juan Galloza, Juan Valentin, Edwardo Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Central Cord Syndrome (CCS) is the most common of the spinal cord injury syndromes. Few cases have been presented with gunshot wound (GSW) as a cause of a central cord syndrome, and none, to our knowledge, has been presented without any evidence of central canal bullet/bone fragments. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old male suffered two close-range gunshot wounds, one to the left neck and one to the left shoulder. CT scan showed C5 spinous process fracture and paraspinal muscle hemorrhage without evidence of central canal stenosis or bullet/bone fragments...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319588/physical-activity-and-global-self-worth-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-children
#3
Hudson Reddon, David Meyre, John Cairney
PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with an array of physical and mental health benefits among children and adolescents. The development of self-worth/self-esteem has been proposed as a mechanism to explain the mental health benefits derived from physical activity. Despite several studies that have analyzed the association between physical activity and self-worth, the results have been inconsistent. It is also uncertain how related physical health measures, such as sedentary behaviour, body composition and fitness influence the relationship between physical activity and self-worth over time...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272181/family-presence-during-resuscitation-after-trauma
#4
Jane S Leske, Natalie S McAndrew, Karen J Brasel, Suzanne Feetham
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) in patients who survived trauma from motor vehicle crashes (MVC) and gunshot wounds (GSW). A convenience sample of family members participated within three days of admission to critical care. Family members of 140 trauma patients (MVC n = 110, 79%; GSW n = 30, 21%) participated. Family members ranged in age from 20-84 years (M = 46, SD = 15, Mdn = 47). The majority were female (n = 112, 80%) and related to the patient as spouse (n = 46, 33%)...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266980/reply-the-brave-challenge-of-nom-for-abdominal-gsw-trauma-and-the-role-of-laparoscopy-as-an-alternative-to-ct-scan
#5
Pradeep Navsaria, Chad Ball, Andrew Nicol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266979/the-brave-challenge-of-nom-for-abdominal-gsw-trauma-and-the-role-of-laparoscopy-as-an-alternative-to-ct-scan
#6
Salomone Di Saverio, Andrea Biscardi, Gregorio Tugnoli, Carlo Coniglio, Giovanni Gordini, Cino Bendinelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240620/infection-rates-and-treatment-of-low-velocity-extremity-gunshot-injuries
#7
Mai P Nguyen, Jonathan C Savakus, Jeffrey A O'Donnell, Nicholas F Prayson, Michael S Reich, Joseph F Golob, Amy A McDonald, John J Como, Heather A Vallier
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rates of infection in low-energy gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the extremity. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Level I trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=140) with at least 90-day follow-up for extremity-only low-energy GSW injuries from 2010-2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Treatment was recorded, including type and duration of antibiotics and details of non-operative and operative management...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178967/geo-demographics-of-gunshot-wound-injuries-in-miami-dade-county-2002-2012
#8
Laura Zebib, Justin Stoler, Tanya L Zakrison
BACKGROUND: We evaluated correlates of gunshot wound (GSW) injuries in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Firearm-related injury has previously been linked to socio- and geo-demographic indicators such as occupation, income, neighborhood and race in other metropolitan areas, but remains understudied in Miami. METHODS: We reviewed 4,547 cases from a Level I trauma center's patient registry involving an intentional firearm-related injury occurring from 2002 to 2012. During this eleven-year study period, this trauma center was the only one in Miami-Dade County, and thus representative of countywide injuries...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173921/gunshot-wounds-resulting-in-hospitalization-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#9
Alan Cook, Turner Osler, David Hosmer, Laurent Glance, Frederick Rogers, Brian Gross, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Ajai Malhotra
INTRODUCTION: The United States (US) leads all high income countries in gunshot wound (GSW) deaths. However, as a result of two decades of reduced federal support, study of GSW has been largely neglected. In this paper we describe the current state of GSW hospitalizations in the US using population-based data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patients hospitalized for GSW in the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) 2004 -2013...
January 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129194/securemed-secure-medical-computation-using-gpu-accelerated-homomorphic-encryption-scheme
#10
Alhassan Khedr, Glenn Gulak
Sharing the medical records of individuals among healthcare providers and researchers around the world can accelerate advances in medical research. While the idea seems increasingly practical due to cloud data services, maintaining patient privacy is of paramount importance. Standard encryption algorithms help protect sensitive data from outside attackers but they cannot be used to compute on this sensitive data while being encrypted. Homomorphic Encryption (HE) presents a very useful tool that can compute on encrypted data without the need to decrypt it...
January 23, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110378/belfast-limb-arterial-and-skeletal-trauma-blast-the-evolution-of-punishment-shooting-in-northern-ireland
#11
REVIEW
M Lau, S McCain, R Baker, D W Harkin
INTRODUCTION: Northern Ireland has developed significant experience in specific punishment injuries due to its unique civil unrest. Simple gunshot wound (GSW) injuries have begun to evolve into more complex injuries. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe three cases of young male victims who suffered from GSW injuries-from a single GSW injury to multiple GSW injuries involving all four limbs; the phenomenon of Belfast Limb Arterial and Skeletal Trauma. We describe the management of these injuries, with a review of current literature...
January 21, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097252/enterococcus-faecalis-causing-delayed-spondylodiscitis-in-a-case-with-retained-intraspinal-bullet
#12
Siddharth N Aiyer, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, Rishi Kanna, Srikanth Reddy, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
Delayed presentations have been reported following gunshot wounds (GSW) with retained intraspinal bullets due to migration of projectile or lead intoxication. We report on the rare occurrence of delayed pyogenic spondylodiscitis and neurological dysfunction following injury from low velocity GSW to the spine with a retained projectile. A 55-year-old male presented 4 months following GSW to the abdomen which resulted in colonic injury and L5 fracture. The patient was treated initially with ileo-transverse anastomosis, antibiotics, without retrieval of the bullet...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993205/trauma-experts-versus-pediatric-experts-comparison-of-outcomes-in-pediatric-penetrating-injuries
#13
Shin Miyata, Jayun Cho, Olga Lebedevskiy, Kazuhide Matsushima, Esther Bae, David W Bliss
BACKGROUND: While pediatric trauma centers (PTCs) can uniquely care for pediatric patients, adult trauma centers (ATCs) may be more accessible. Evidence is scarce regarding outcomes of pediatric patients with penetrating trauma treated at PTCs versus ATCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using the National Trauma Data Bank to identify pediatric patients aged ≤18 y with penetrating injuries from 2007 to 2012, treated at stand-alone PTCs or ATCs...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988035/selective-nonoperative-management-of-abdominal-gunshot-wounds-with-isolated-solid-organ-injury
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Benjamin L Reed, Nimitt J Patel, Amy A McDonald, William C Baughman, Jeffrey A Claridge, John J Como
OBJECTIVE: To review selective nonoperative management (SNOM) of gunshot wound (GSW) patients with isolated abdominal solid organ injury. METHODS: Patients who sustained isolated solid organ injury secondary to GSW from 2003 to 2014 were studied. The use of SNOM over time was analyzed, and comparisons of initial SNOM and operative management (OM) groups were performed. RESULTS: Of 127 patients, 63 (50%) underwent SNOM. There were no significant differences between the early/late or SNOM/OM groups in demographics, physiologic presentation, or Injury Severity Score...
March 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916443/extracorporeal-life-support-use-in-pediatric-trauma-a-review-of-the-national-trauma-data-bank
#15
Joshua A Watson, Brian R Englum, Jina Kim, Obinna O Adibe, Henry E Rice, Mark L Shapiro, Mani A Daneshmand, Elisabeth T Tracy
PURPOSE: As the role of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) continues to evolve in the adult and pediatric populations, smaller studies and case reports have described successful use of ECLS in specific groups of pediatric trauma patients. To further define the role of ECLS in pediatric trauma, we examined indications and outcomes for use of ECLS in injured children using a large national database. METHODS: All trauma patients ≤18years old were identified from the 2007 to 2011 National Trauma Data Bank...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902194/flavobacterium-orientale-sp-nov-isolated-from-lake-water
#16
Ai-Hua Li, Hong-Can Liu, Yu-Guang Zhou
Two Gram-stain-negative, obligately aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated SP3T and SP38, were isolated from a cold-water lake in the west of China. A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed for the strains. Alignment of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains SP3T and SP38 were associated with the genus Flavobacterium and were most closely related to Flavobacterium lacus NP180T (96.4 % sequence similarity), Flavobacterium ponti GSW-R14T (95.6 %) and Flavobacterium yanchengense hgT (95...
January 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893642/comparison-of-nonoperative-and-surgical-management-of-renal-trauma-can-we-predict-when-nonoperative-management-fails
#17
Marc A Bjurlin, Richard Jacob Fantus, Richard Joseph Fantus, Dana Villines
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on risk factors for the failure of nonoperative management of renal trauma. Our study objective was to determine the incidence, salvage procedure, and risk factors for failure of nonoperative management of renal trauma. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank research data sets for admission years 2010-2014 were queried for renal injury by Abbreviated Injury Score code. Patients were stratified by interventional therapy (renal procedure code <24 hours from admission) and nonoperative management (no surgical renal procedure <24 hours)...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856172/feasibility-of-selective-non-operative-management-for-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-in-france
#18
G Goin, D Massalou, T Bege, C Contargyris, J-P Avaro, G Pauleau, P Balandraud
INTRODUCTION: In France, non-operative management (NOM) is not the widely accepted treatment for penetrating wounds. The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of NOM for the treatment of penetrating abdominal traumas at 3 hospitals in the Southeast of France. METHODOLOGY: Our study was multicentric and retroprospective from January, 2010 to September, 2013. Patients presenting with a penetrating abdominal stab wound (SW) or gunshot wound (GSW) were included in the study...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851643/2009-acute-carotid-jugular-fistula-post-gsw-with-severe-tbi-neurovascular-and-icu-management
#19
Lynn Muñoz, Benjamin Mosher, Paul Schneider, Larry Ansari, Richard Maier, Ronald Hyde, Penelope Stevens, John Kepros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850147/507-is-it-time-for-code-gsw-gunshot-wound-194-adult-ed-visits-a-day
#20
Veerajalandhar Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Marcelo Auslender, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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