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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916443/extracorporeal-life-support-use-in-pediatric-trauma-a-review-of-the-national-trauma-data-bank
#1
Joshua A Watson, Brian R Englum, Jina Kim, Obinna O Adibe, Henry E Rice, Mark L Shapiro, Mani A Daneshmand, Elisabeth T Tracy
PURPOSE: As the role of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) continues to evolve in the adult and pediatric populations, smaller studies and case reports have described successful use of ECLS in specific groups of pediatric trauma patients. To further define the role of ECLS in pediatric trauma, we examined indications and outcomes for use of ECLS in injured children using a large national database. METHODS: All trauma patients ≤18years old were identified from the 2007 to 2011 National Trauma Data Bank...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902194/flavobacterium-orientale-sp-nov-isolated-from-lake-water
#2
Ai-Hua Li, Hong-Can Liu, Yu-Guang Zhou
Two Gram-stain-negative, obligately aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated SP3T and SP38, were isolated from a cold-water lake, in the west of China. Polyphasic taxonomy was performed for the strains. Alignment of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains SP3T and SP38 were associated with the genus Flavobacterium and were most closely related to Flavobacterium lacus NP180T (96.4 % sequence similarity), Flavobacterium ponti GSW-R14T (95.6 %) and Flavobacterium yanchengense hgT (95...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893642/comparison-of-nonoperative-and-surgial-management-of-renal-trauma-can-we-predict-when-nonoperative-management-fails
#3
Marc A Bjurlin, Richard Jacob Fantus, Richard Joseph Fantus, Dana Villines
BACKGROUND: Limited data exists on risk factors for the failure of nonoperative management of renal trauma. Our study objective was to determine the incidence, salvage procedure, and risk factors for failure of nonoperative management of renal trauma. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank research datasets admission year 2010 - 2014 were queried for renal injury by Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS) code. Patients were stratified by interventional therapy (renal procedure code <24 hrs from admission) and nonoperative management (no surgical renal procedure <24 hrs)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856172/feasibility-of-selective-non-operative-management-for-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-in-france
#4
G Goin, D Massalou, T Bege, C Contargyris, J-P Avaro, G Pauleau, P Balandraud
INTRODUCTION: In France, non-operative management (NOM) is not the widely accepted treatment for penetrating wounds. The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of NOM for the treatment of penetrating abdominal traumas at 3 hospitals in the Southeast of France. METHODOLOGY: Our study was multicentric and retroprospective from January, 2010 to September, 2013. Patients presenting with a penetrating abdominal stab wound (SW) or gunshot wound (GSW) were included in the study...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851643/2009-acute-carotid-jugular-fistula-post-gsw-with-severe-tbi-neurovascular-and-icu-management
#5
Lynn Muñoz, Benjamin Mosher, Paul Schneider, Larry Ansari, Richard Maier, Ronald Hyde, Penelope Stevens, John Kepros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850147/507-is-it-time-for-code-gsw-gunshot-wound-194-adult-ed-visits-a-day
#6
Veerajalandhar Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Marcelo Auslender, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798535/urinary-biomarkers-are-associated-with-severity-and-mechanism-of-injury
#7
Jud C Janak, Ian J Stewart, Jonathan A Sosnov, Jeffrey T Howard, Edward D Siew, Mallory M Chan, Nancy Wickersham, T Alp Ikizler, Kevin K Chung
Combat-related blast trauma results in massive tissue injury and tends to involve multiple systems. Further, an acute measure of injury severity based on underlying biological mechanisms may be important for the triage and treatment of these types of patients. We hypothesized that urinary biomarkers (UBs) would reflect severity of injury and that they would be elevated for blast injuries compared to gunshot wounds (GSW) in a cohort of combat casualties. We also postulated that UBs would be higher in patients with burns compared to patients with non-burn trauma in a civilian cohort...
October 26, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686712/eeg-based-mild-depressive-detection-using-feature-selection-methods-and-classifiers
#8
Xiaowei Li, Bin Hu, Shuting Sun, Hanshu Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Depression has become a major health burden worldwide, and effectively detection of such disorder is a great challenge which requires latest technological tool, such as Electroencephalography (EEG). This EEG-based research seeks to find prominent frequency band and brain regions that are most related to mild depression, as well as an optimal combination of classification algorithms and feature selection methods which can be used in future mild depression detection...
November 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665455/roseovarius-lacus-sp-nov-isolated-from-yuncheng-saline-lake-china
#9
Jiafeng Pan, Zhen Yu, Jia Tang, Guiqin Yang, Li Zhuang, Zhi Liu, Shungui Zhou
Strain GSS12(T), a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-flagellated, ovoid- to rod-shaped (0.5-0.7 × 0.9-3.0 µm) bacterium, was isolated from Yuncheng Saline Lake, China. Growth occurred with 0.5-16.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 4.5 %), at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum pH 6.0-6.5) and at 10-50 °C (optimum 37 °C). The major fatty acids (>5.0 %) found in GSS12(T) were summed feature 8 (72.2 %), C16:0 (9.0 %) and C18:1 ω7c 11-methyl (6.4 %). The DNA G+C content was 62.7 mol%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GSS12(T) forms a stable clade with species of the genus Roseovarius, being related to R...
September 24, 2016: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659359/the-management-of-colonic-trauma-in-the-damage-control-era
#10
B Shazi, J L Bruce, G L Laing, B Sartorius, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to audit our current management of colonic trauma, and to review our experience of colonic trauma in patients who underwent initial damage control (DC) surgery. METHODS All patients treated for colonic trauma between January 2012 and December 2014 by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service were included in the study. Data reviewed included mechanism of injury, method of management (primary repair [PR], primary diversion [PD] or DC) and outcome (complications and mortality rate)...
September 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567114/geographic-disparities-in-access-to-urban-trauma-care-defining-the-problem-and-identifying-a-solution-for-gunshot-wound-victims-in-chicago
#11
Michael Wandling, Jess Behrens, Renee Hsia, Marie Crandall
BACKGROUND: Timely transport to designated trauma centers impacts mortality following serious injury. We examined whether the distribution of trauma centers in Chicago has created disparities in access to trauma care. METHODS: Using the Illinois State Trauma Registry, locations of Chicago-area gunshot wounds (GSWs) from 1999 to 2009 were geocoded and transport times were analyzed for pediatric (age ≤ 15) and adult (age ≥ 16) GSWs. RESULTS: A total of 11,744 included pediatric and adult GSWs were analyzed...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546337/surgical-resection-for-epilepsy-following-cerebral-gun-shot-wounds
#12
Yoshua Esquenazi, Giridhar P Kalamangalam, Omotola A Hope, Sonia N Krish, Jeremy Slater, Nitin Tandon
OBJECTIVE: The surgical management of epilepsy following penetrating gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the head has not been described in the modern; era. Given the extensive damage to the cranium and cortex from such; injuries, the safety and efficacy of surgical intervention is unclear. We; report the surgical strategy and outcomes following resections for; medically refractory epilepsy following GSWs in four patients. METHODS: A prospectively compiled database of 325 epilepsy patients was used to identify patients undergoing epilepsy surgery for medically; refractory epilepsy following a GSW to the brain...
August 18, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488491/effect-of-time-to-operation-on-mortality-for-hypotensive-patients-with-gunshot-wounds-to-the-torso-the-golden-10-minutes
#13
Jonathan P Meizoso, Juliet J Ray, Charles A Karcutskie, Casey J Allen, Tanya L Zakrison, Gerd D Pust, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Enrique Ginzburg, Louis R Pizano, Carl I Schulman, Alan S Livingstone, Kenneth G Proctor, Nicholas Namias
INTRODUCTION: Timely hemorrhage control is paramount in trauma; however, a critical time interval from emergency department arrival to operation for hypotensive gunshot wound (GSW) victims is not established. We hypothesize that delaying surgery for more than 10 minutes from arrival increases all-cause mortality in hypotensive patients with GSW. METHODS: Data of adults (n = 309) with hypotension and GSW to the torso requiring immediate operation from January 2004 to September 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389136/penetrating-cardiac-injuries-a-36-year-perspective-at-an-urban-level-i-trauma-center
#14
Bryan C Morse, Michael J Mina, Jacquelyn S Carr, Rashi Jhunjhunwala, Christopher J Dente, John U Zink, Jeffrey M Nicholas, Amy D Wyrzykowski, Jeffrey P Salomone, Gary A Vercruysse, Grace S Rozycki, David V Feliciano
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates patterns of injuries and outcomes from penetrating cardiac injuries (PCIs) at Grady Memorial Hospital, an urban, Level I trauma center in Atlanta, Georgia, over 36 years. METHODS: Patients sustaining PCIs were identified from the Trauma Registry of the American College of Surgeons and the Emory Department of Surgery database; data of patients who died prior to any therapy were excluded. Demographics and outcomes were compared over three time intervals: Period 1 (1975-1985; n = 113), Period 2 (1986-1996; n = 79), and Period 3 (2000-2010; n = 79)...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389127/the-diagnostic-yield-of-commonly-used-investigations-in-pelvic-gunshot-wounds
#15
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, Erika M Priestley, Joseph Durso, Monica D Wong, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Patients who sustain pelvic gunshot wounds (GSWs) are at significant risk for injury owing to the density of pelvic structures. Currently, the optimal workup for pelvic GSWs is unclear. The aims of this study were to determine the diagnostic yield of tests commonly used in the investigation of pelvic GSWs and to develop a diagnostic algorithm. METHODS: All patients 15 years or older presenting to the Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center (January 2008 to February 2015) who sustained one or more pelvic GSWs were retrospectively identified...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294759/racial-disparities-in-cranial-gunshot-wounds-intent-and-survival
#16
Clifford L Crutcher, Erin S Fannin, Jason D Wilson
BACKGROUND: Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the head are associated with the highest mortality of all gun-related injuries, with assault reported as the leading cause of penetrating GSW. Several studies have explored factors and trends related to assault and self-inflicted GSW separately. The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiological characteristics and racial differences collectively in patients with GSW to the head by examining associations to injury intent and survival. METHOD: A retrospective study was performed by accessing the hospital trauma registry at our regional Level 1 Trauma Center...
December 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269237/a-comparative-audit-of-gunshot-wounds-and-stab-wounds-to-the-neck-in-a-south-african-metropolitan-trauma-service
#17
A S Madsen, G L Laing, J L Bruce, D L Clarke
Introduction The aim of this comparative study of gunshot wounds (GSWs) and stab wounds (SWs) to the neck was to quantify the impact of the mechanism of injury on the outcome and management of penetrating neck injury (PNI). Methods A prospective trauma registry was interrogated retrospectively. Data were analysed pertaining to demographics and injury severity score (ISS), physiology on presentation, anatomical site of wounds and injuries sustained, investigations, management, outcome and complications. Results There were 452 SW and 58 GSW cases over the 46 months of the study...
September 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246498/nitropelagi-marinus-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-seawater-je-bu-island-south-korea
#18
Sun Hwan Jeong, Sang Seob Lee
A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore forming, non-motile and aerobic strain, designated JB22(T), was isolated from seawater, Je-bu Island, South Korea. Strain JB22(T) was catalase and oxidase positive. Optimal growth of JB22(T) was observed at 30 °C and pH 7.0. NaCl tolerance range was 1-9 % (w/v) with an optimum of 2.0 % concentration. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JB22(T) showed the highest sequence similarity to those of Pelagicola litorisediminis D1-W8(T) (95.8 %), Roseovarius litoreus GSW-M15(T) (95...
September 2016: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165750/a-rare-remarkable-recovery-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-the-bi-hemispheric-transventricular-trajectory-craniocerebral-gunshot-wound
#19
Ninh Doan, Mohit Patel, Ha Son Nguyen, Andrew Montoure, Saman Shabani, Michael Gelsomino, Karl Janich, Wade Mueller
The gunshot wound to the head (GSWH) is associated with a mortality rate of 20-90% in adults and 20-65% in the pediatric population. Due to the high rates of mortality and morbidity, the management of these patients has been a topic of high interest in the neurosurgical community. We present an 18-year-old male suffering a GSWH with the bullet following a transventricular trajectory and crossing the midsagittal plane, creating extensive intracranial injuries. Despite a calculated mortality rate of >97% from these devastating injuries, the patient survived the GSWH and made a remarkable recovery...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165650/effects-of-closure-of-an-urban-level-i-trauma-centre-on-adjacent-hospitals-and-local-injury-mortality-a-retrospective-observational-study
#20
Marie Crandall, Douglas Sharp, Xiong Wei, Avery Nathens, Renee Y Hsia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of the Martin Luther King Jr Hospital (MLK) closure on the distribution of admissions on adjacent trauma centres, and injury mortality rates in these centres and within the county. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective study. SETTING: Non-public patient-level data from the state of California were obtained for all trauma patients from 1999 to 2009. Geospatial analysis was used to visualise the redistribution of trauma patients to other hospitals after MLK closed...
2016: BMJ Open
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