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Thoracic incisions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142855/single-port-thoracoscopic-treatment-of-thoracic-duct-injury-after-thyroidectomy-with-neck-dissection
#1
Serkan Teksoz, Ezel Ersen, Akif Enes Arikan, Sina Ferahman, Kamil Kaynak, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Yusuf Bukey
Chylous leakage is a complication of thyroidectomy accompanied by bilateral neck dissection with incidence of 0.5-6.2%. A 51-year-old female patient underwent total thyroidectomy, bilateral and central neck dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma. In post-operative 4(th) day, left sided chylous leakage was observed as 1,500 cc/day through neck drain. Leakage did not cease after 1-month conservative treatment so single port thoracoscopic intervention was performed. Under general anesthesia, patient was placed in left lateral decubitus position...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136730/-application-of-the-descending-branch-of-the-lateral-circumflex-femoral-artery-in-the-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-operation
#2
X J Luo, W Wang, Y T Wang, Y Yang, H Li, X Wang, S S Hu
Objective: To investigate the technical method for harvesting and application of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (DBLCFA) in the coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operation. Methods: Between December 2016 and April 2017, 19 patients were arranged to use DBLCFA and got CT angiography (CTA) of pelvic and femoral arteries pre-operative at Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. Finally, DBLCFA was harvested in 16 patients (including 2 female patients, with a mean age of (47...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130036/accuracy-precision-and-trending-ability-of-electrical-cardiometry-cardiac-index-versus-continuous-pulmonary-artery-thermodilution-method-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
P B W Cox, A M den Ouden, M Theunissen, L J Montenij, A G H Kessels, M D Lancé, W F F A Buhre, M A E Marcus
Introduction: Evaluation of accuracy, precision, and trending ability of cardiac index (CI) measurements using the Aesculon™ bioimpedance electrical cardiometry (Aesc) compared to the continuous pulmonary artery thermodilution catheter (PAC) technique before, during, and after cardiac surgery. Methods: A prospective observational study with fifty patients with ASA 3-4. At six time points (T), measurements of CI simultaneously by continuous cardiac output pulmonary thermodilution and thoracic bioimpedance and standard hemodynamics were performed...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124273/reduced-invasive-and-muscle-sparing-operative-approaches-to-the-posterolateral-chest-wall-provide-an-excellent-accessibility-for-the-operative-stabilization-minimized-approaches-to-the-posterolateral-chest-wall
#4
A Langenbach, Pascal Oppel, Sina Grupp, Sebastian Krinner, Milena Pachowsky, Thomas Buder, Melanie Schulz-Drost, Friedrich F Hennig, Stefan Schulz-Drost
PURPOSE: Stabilizing techniques for flail chest injuries are described through wide surgical approaches to the chest wall, especially in the most affected posterior and lateral regions. Severe morbidity due to these invasive approaches needs to be considered due to dissection of the scapular guiding muscles and the risk of injuries to neurovascular bundles. This study discusses possibilities for minimized approaches to the posterior and lateral regions. METHOD: Ten fresh-frozen cadavers in lateral decubitus position were observed on both sides...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106318/single-versus-multi-incisional-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Ahmed A Abouarab, Mohamed Rahouma, Mohamed Kamel, Galal Ghaly, Abdelrahman Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) is conventionally performed through multiple small incisions (C-VATS). Recent studies have reported encouraging results with the single-incision VATS (S-VATS) over the conventional technique. However, these studies were either small in size, unfocused, nonuniform, retrospective, lacking follow-up information, or focused on pain. We aim to validate previously reported results in a single large meta-analysis, including only the best evidence studies available...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102209/minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-with-bilateral-internal-thoracic-arteries-will-this-be-the-future
#6
Pradeep Nambiar, Sanjay Kumar, Chander Mohan Mittal, Kailash Saksena
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to show that total arterial revascularization via a left minithoracotomy using bilateral internal thoracic arteries was not only feasible but also a safe and reproducible procedure with excellent midterm outcomes. METHODS: From August 2011 to August 2016, 819 patients underwent off-pump minimally invasive multivessel coronary artery bypass grafting using bilateral internal thoracic arteries harvested through a 2-inch left minithoracotomy incision, and complete revascularization of the myocardium was performed using the left internal thoracic artery-right internal thoracic artery Y composite conduit...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092772/thoracoscopic-management-of-non-type-c-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-atresia
#7
Steven S Rothenberg
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the results of thoracoscopic management of complex, non-type C, EA and TEF in infants. METHODS: From March 2000 to February 2017, 23 patients were treated for Type A N=13, Type B N=4, and Type E N=6. Patients diagnosed with EA had G-tube feeds for a period of 4-9weeks. All procedures were performed thoracoscopically. EA gaps were between 4 and 7 1/2 vertebral bodies. RESULTS: All surgeries were completed thoracoscopically...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084351/arterial-perfusion-a-useful-technique-for-evaluating-incised-wounds
#8
Neil E I Langlois, Roger W Byard
A 54-year-old woman was found deceased with incised wounds of both sides of her neck and both wrists. Postmortem CT scanning revealed air in the heart and in the dural veins in continuity with air in the right jugular vein. Death was due to incised wounds of the wrist and neck with blood loss and air embolism. The manner of death was suicide. At autopsy, perfusion of the thoracic ascending aorta produced a fine stream of water emanating from an incised wound of the right ulnar artery with no significant leakage of water from the wound of the left wrist...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082850/subxiphoid-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-synchronous-bilateral-lung-resection
#9
Xueying Yang, Linlin Wang
OBJECTIVES: With advancements in medical imaging and current emphasis on regular physical examinations, multiple pulmonary lesions increasingly are being detected, including bilateral pulmonary lesions. Video-assisted thoracic surgery is an important method for treating such lesions. Most of video-assisted thoracic surgeries for bilateral pulmonary lesions were two separate operations. Herein, we report a novel technique of synchronous subxiphoid uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery for bilateral pulmonary lesions...
October 30, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078686/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-hemothorax
#10
REVIEW
Stefano Sanna, Luca Bertolaccini, Jury Brandolini, Desideria Argnani, Marta Mengozzi, Alessandro Pardolesi, Piergiorgio Solli
The management of hemothorax (spontaneous or, more often, due to thoracic trauma lesions), follows basic tenets well-respected by cardiothoracic surgeons. In most, a non-operative approach is adequate and safe, with a defined group of patients requiring only tube thoracostomy. Only a minority of patients need a surgical intervention due to retained hemothorax, persistent bleeding or incoming complications, as pleural empyema or entrapped lung. In the early 1990s, the rapid technological developments determined an increase of diagnostic and therapeutical indications for multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) as the gold standard therapy for retained and persistent hemothorax, allowing an earlier diagnosis, total clots removal and better tubes placement with less morbidity, reduced post-operative pain and shorter hospital stay...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078667/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-pneumothorax-and-blebs-bullae
#11
REVIEW
Luca Bertolaccini, Alessandro Pardolesi, Jury Brandolini, Piergiorgio Solli
The last British Society of Thoracic Surgeons guidelines of 2010 for the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) stated that, after the first recurrence, the treatment of PSP should be a surgical operation, like a bullectomy accompanying with a procedure for inducing pleural adhesions. Therefore, the surgical approach is considered the best treatment to minimise the risk of recurrence in patients who experienced a PSP. There is substantial evidence in the literature demonstrating that the minimally invasive approach should be preferred to the thoracotomic procedure since it can reduce the postoperative pain and it is associated with a faster recovery of the physical and working activity...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078661/definitions-and-standard-indications-of-minimally-invasive-techniques-in-thymic-surgery
#12
Marcin Zieliński
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive thoracic procedures are those performed through the intercostal, subxiphoid, subcostal or transcervical incisions. In most of these procedures (with exception of some transcervical procedures) the video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) technique is used for performance of an operation under guidance of a video monitor. METHODS: According to the definition the minimally invasive procedures do not include the sternal manubriotomy (upper sternal split), transverse sternotomy and subcutaneous longitudinal sternotomy...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078658/minimally-invasive-surgical-procedures-for-thymic-disease-in-asia
#13
REVIEW
Meinoshin Okumura, Yasushi Shintani, Mitsunori Ohta, Yoshihisa Kadota, Masayoshi Inoue, Hiroyuki Shiono
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) procedures for thymic tumors and myasthenia gravis were introduced in Asia in the middle 1990s in at least two regions, Hong Kong and Japan. To overcome difficulties in obtaining a wide view of the anterior mediastinum, several methods for lifting the sternum or anterior chest wall have been presented, mainly by Japanese surgeons. More recently, single port VATS through a subxiphoid incision was also introduced in Japan. The long-term outcome of a VATS extended thymectomy for myasthenia gravis has been shown to be comparable to that of a trans-sternal extended thymectomy, while the long-term outcome of a VATS thymectomy for thymic epithelial tumors remains to be elucidated...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078649/prevention-and-management-of-intraoperative-crisis-in-vats-and-open-chest-surgery-how-to-avoid-emergency-conversion
#14
REVIEW
Fernando M Safdie, Manuel Villa Sanchez, Inderpal S Sarkaria
Video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has become a routinely utilized approach to complex procedures of the chest, such as pulmonary resection. It has been associated with decreased postoperative pain, shorter length of stay and lower incidence of complications such as pneumonia. Limitations to this modality may include limited exposure, lack of tactile feedback, and a two-dimensional view of the surgical field. Furthermore, the lack of an open incision may incur technical challenges in preventing and controlling operative misadventures leading to major hemorrhage or other intraoperative emergencies...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078638/subxiphoid-thymectomy-single-port-dual-port-and-robot-assisted
#15
Takashi Suda
Currently, surgical techniques that are less invasive than conventional median sternotomy are used for thymectomy in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and anterior mediastinal tumors as no sternal incision is required. We reported on a subxiphoid single-port thymectomy using CO2 insufflation, which has the following advantages: (I) the field of view offered by the camera scope inserted from the midline of the body helps confirm the location of the superior pole of the thymus and bilateral phrenic nerves; (II) there is minimal pain and no intercostal neuropathy occurs as intercostal spaces are not traversed; and (III) cosmetic outcomes are excellent...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078613/the-athens-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-masterclass-an-ambitious-kickstarter
#16
Constantine Marios Soultanis, Diego Gonzalez Rivas, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Konstantinos Siafakas
The shift from open to minimally invasive techniques in thoracic surgery has been dramatic during the past 10 years. Not only the feasibility, safety, reproducibility and oncologic efficacy of these techniques have been clearly demonstrated, but also their superiority concerning mortality, postoperative pain, postoperative quality of life and recovery. Thus, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is currently the procedure of choice for a wide variety of thoracic interventions, ranging from major pulmonary resections for lung cancer to thymectomy and mediastinal procedures, even to esophageal procedures...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078584/anatomical-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-segmentectomies-based-on-the-three-dimensional-reformation-images
#17
Qianli Ma, Tong Bao, Haitao Zhang, Chaoyang Liang, Deruo Liu
Segmentectomy was first done in 1939 by Churchill and Belsey in 1939. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) segmentectomies are still more technically challenging than VATS lobectomies. With the increasing rate of early stage lung carcinomas, the thoracoscopic segmentectomies may have a major role in a near future. Four anatomical VATS segmentectomy videos clips were shared in this study. CT three-dimensional reformation could exactly show the small pulmonary nodule's precise position, clarifies the surrounding structures' relationship like the pulmonary artery (PA), pulmonary vein (PV), bronchus (B), fissure, and lymph nodes...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078580/magnetic-anchoring-guidance-system-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Agnese Giaccone, Piergiorgio Solli, Luca Bertolaccini
The magnetic anchoring guidance system (MAGS) is one of the most promising technological innovations in minimally invasive surgery and consists in two magnetic elements matched through the abdominal or thoracic wall. The internal magnet can be inserted into the abdominal or chest cavity through a small single incision and then moved into position by manipulating the external component. In addition to a video camera system, the inner magnetic platform can house remotely controlled surgical tools thus reducing instruments fencing, a serious inconvenience of the uniportal access...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048474/transinnominate-approach-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-single-centre-experience-of-minimally-invasive-alternative-access
#19
Luigi Pirelli, Jacob S Scheinerman, Derek R Brinster, Nirav C Patel, Alaeldin Eltom, Jonathan M Hemli, Chad A Kliger
OBJECTIVES: Iliofemoral arteries have been the preferred access for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). When these arteries are too small, calcified or tortuous, an alternative access must be considered. Transinnominate (TI) access is an extrathoracic approach that does not require manipulation of major neurovascular structures or the apex. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TI TAVR as an alternative access in patients with severe aortic stenosis not amenable to a transfemoral approach...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034026/invaginated-graft-insertion-anastomosis-for-a-type-ib-endoleak-at-the-supraceliac-aorta-following-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#20
Takashi Yamauchi, Suguru Kubota, Kosei Hasegawa
Open surgery for a type Ib endoleak after thoracic endovascular aortic repair is associated with some knacks and pitfalls, particularly in cases wherein the distal edge of a stent graft is located at just supraceliac aorta and the renovisceral segment and infrarenal aorta do not require surgical intervention. Here we describe the invaginated graft insertion technique to provide an easy and secure anastomosis in such clinical situations. This procedure may be feasible for anastomosis between a prosthetic vascular graft and a previously deployed stent graft when the location of the anastomosis is distant from the surface of the skin incision with a narrow and limited surgical view...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
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