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Technique of pulmonary lobectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682463/reasons-for-conversion-during-vats-lobectomy-what-happens-with-increased-experience
#1
REVIEW
Dario Amore, Davide Di Natale, Roberto Scaramuzzi, Carlo Curcio
Although controlled studies have demonstrated the benefits of a minimally invasive approach for pulmonary lobectomy over thoracotomy, reports have also documented that significant complications can occur during thoracoscopic lobectomy and sometimes require planned or emergent conversion to open surgery. Several authors have identified and reported causes and implications of intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy using different types of classification. The aim of this single centre retrospective review is to evaluate how the reasons for conversion change with increased experience, dividing patients who were converted to thoracotomy during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, between 2011 and 2017, in two groups: those treated during learning curve (LC group) and those treated after learning curve (ALC group)...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607150/robotic-surgery-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-open-surgery-for-early-stage-lung-cancer-comparison-of-costs-and-outcomes-at-a-single-institute
#2
Pierluigi Novellis, Edoardo Bottoni, Emanuele Voulaz, Umberto Cariboni, Alberto Testori, Luca Bertolaccini, Laura Giordano, Elisa Dieci, Lorenzo Granato, Elena Vanni, Marco Montorsi, Marco Alloisio, Giulia Veronesi
Background: Robotic surgery is increasingly used to resect lung cancer. However costs are high. We compared costs and outcomes for robotic surgery, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and open surgery, to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We retrospectively assessed 103 consecutive patients given lobectomy or segmentectomy for clinical stage I or II NSCLC. Three surgeons could choose VATS or open, the fourth could choose between all three techniques...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587951/-omentum-transplantation-in-thorax-to-cover-bronchial-stump-as-treatment-of-bronchopleural-fistula-after-pulmonary-resection-report-of-6-cases-experience
#3
Xiaozun Yang, Xiaojun Yang, Tianpeng Xie, Bin Hu, Qiang Li
BACKGROUND: Bronchial pleural fistula (BPF) is a common complication after thoracic surgery for lung resection. Clinical treatment is complex and the effect is poor. The treatment of BPF after lung resection has plagued thoracic surgeons. We reviewed retrospectively the clinical and follow-up data of 6 patients in our hospital who underwent the omentum transplantation in thorax to cover bronchial stump as treatment of BPF after pulmonary resection to analyze why BPF occurs and describe this treatment method...
March 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587943/-a-paired-case-controlled-study-comparing-the-short-term-outcomes-of-da-vinci-rats-and-vats-approach-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Feng Dai, Shiguang Xu, Wei Xu, Renquan Ding, Bo Liu, Hao Meng, Yunteng Kang, Xiangrui Meng, Jie Lin, Shumin Wang
BACKGROUND: Da Vinci Surgical System is one of the greatest inventions of the 20th century, which represents the development direction of the precise minimally invasive surgical techniques, the aim of this study was to comparing the short-term outcomes between da Vinci robot-assisted lobectomy and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: 45 pairs of non-small cell lung cancer patients underwent pulmonary lobectomy with da Vinci Robotic assisted thoracoscopic (RATS) and VATS approach during the same period from January 2014 to January 2017...
March 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552524/transcervical-uniportal-pulmonary-lobectomy
#5
Marcin Zieliński, Tomasz Nabialek, Juliusz Pankowski
Background: The aim of the study is a description of surgical technique of uniportal transcervical video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for pulmonary lobectomy. Methods: We used a collar neck incision (transcervical) of an average length 5-8 centimeters. The manubrium of the sternum is elevated with a hook connected to the Zakopane II frame (Aesculap-Chifa, B. Braun, Nowy Tomyśl, Poland). The first step is a transcervical extended mediastinal lymphadenectomy (TEMLA), for improved staging and possible improved survival...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552518/treatment-of-pulmonary-nodule-from-vats-to-rats
#6
Federico Davini, Sara Ricciardi, Carmelina Cristina Zirafa, Ilenia Cavaliere, Gaetano Romano, Franca Melfi
Background: The incidental detection of solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is currently increasing due to the widespread use of computed tomography (CT) during the follow up in oncological patients or in screening trials. A quick and definitive histological diagnosis of these nodes is mandatory as, in case of primitive lung cancer, an early detection could improve both surgical results and prognosis. The minimally invasive pulmonary resection (MIPR) is the gold standard procedure for diagnosis and treatment of small lung nodules, but it can be difficult to localize deep nonpalpable nodes that lie in the lung parenchyma...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504417/techniques-for-lung-surgery-a-review-of-robotic-lobectomy
#7
Sophia Chen, Travis C Geraci, Robert James Cerfolio
Robotic lobectomy is an increasingly common surgical approach for anatomic lung resection. Over the last decade, robotic lobectomy has shown to be safe, with oncologic efficacy similar to lobectomy via thoracotomy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Comparative analysis between these modalities is an active area of investigation. While initially expensive, the costs of a robotic platform decrease as the number of operations performed increases, length of stay is shortened, and postoperative morbidity is reduced...
March 5, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445603/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-lung-segmentectomy-with-near-infrared-indocyanine-green-intersegmental-plane-identification
#8
Elisa Meacci, Dania Nachira, Maria Teresa Congedo, Marco Chiappetta, Leonardo Petracca Ciavarella, Stefano Margaritora
In the era of lung cancer screening and early detection of lung lesions, pulmonary segmentectomy has gained wide acceptance between thoracic community reducing the need of lobectomy for diagnostic purpose and treatment in case of centrally located benign, multiple or undetermined lesions. In rigorously selected patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), segmentectomies seem to offer similar survival outcomes rather than lobectomies, but associated with a better conservation of lung function. However, segmentectomy is a more challenging procedure to be performed compared to lobectomy, especially by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS)...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381881/the-bronchus-first-and-vessels-simultaneously-stapled-technique-a-safe-and-simple-method-for-video-assisted-right-upper-lobe-lobectomy
#9
Hao Xu, Linyou Zhang
OBJECTIVE:  Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy is a minimally invasive procedure for major pulmonary resection. The purpose of this study was to present a novel approach with a thoracoscope in the right upper lobe and to compare different lobectomy methods at our institution. METHODS:  We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent a thoracoscopic right upper lobectomy for lung cancer between September 2015 and September 2016. We performed 128 thoracoscopic right upper lobectomies: group A (n = 50) was treated with the bronchus-first and vessels simultaneously stapled method and group B (n = 78) was treated with the conventional isolation-ligation method...
January 30, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370414/robotic-right-middle-lobectomy-with-a-subxiphoid-utility-port
#10
Shruti Jayakumar, Marco Nardini, Pavlos Papoulidis, Joel Dunning
We present the case of a 74-year-old man with Stage IIa pulmonary adenocarcinoma, for which he underwent a robotic right middle lobectomy. A 4-armed, 5-port approach was used. Four intercostal ports were created above the ninth rib using the Cerfolio's technique. The subxiphoid port was created in the midline, 5 cm down from the xiphisternum. The robot offers higher image quality, depth perception and improved articulation of the instruments, allowing for more accurate dissection and stitching. The usage of a subxiphoid utility port reduces the clashing between instruments, offers a good angle for stapling and provides a direct view of the instruments entering into the chest...
January 23, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312746/-five-on-a-dice-port-placement-for-robot-assisted-thoracoscopic-right-upper-lobectomy-using-robotic-stapler
#11
Min P Kim, Edward Y Chan
Early versions of the da Vinci robot system (S and Si) have been used to perform pulmonary lung resection with severe limitations. The lack of a vascular robot stapler required the presence of a trained bedside assistant whose role was to place, manipulate and fire the stapler around major vascular structures. Thus, the techniques developed for the Si robot required a skilled bedside assistant to perform stapling of the hilar structure and manipulation of the lung. With the advent of the da Vinci Xi system with a vascular robot stapler, we postulated that we could develop a new port placement and technique to provide total control for the surgeon during the pulmonary lung resection...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300072/thoracoscopic-right-upper-lobectomy-after-an-initial-anatomic-pulmonary-resection-of-the-lower-lobe
#12
Hitoshi Igai, Mitsuhiro Kamiyoshihara, Natsuko Kawatani, Kimihiro Shimizu
It is challenging to redo an anatomical pulmonary resection on the ipsilateral side because of the adhesions or dense fissures caused by the initial anatomic pulmonary resection. Few reports describe surgical techniques for addressing these challenges, especially using a minimally invasive thoracoscopic approach instead of standard thoracotomy. Here, we demonstrate a thoracoscopic right upper lobectomy after an initial anatomic pulmonary resection of the right lower lobe and explain the nuances of performing it...
November 14, 2017: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224266/-application-of-liver-three-dimensional-visualization-technologies-in-the-treatment-planning-of-hepatic-malignant-tumor
#13
P P Li, Z H Wang, G Huang, Z P Huang, Y Li, J S Ni, H Liu, C H Fang, W P Zhou
Objective: To discuss the application of three dimentional(3D)visualization technologies in treatment plan of hepatic malignant tumor. Methods: The clinical data of 300 patients with liver malignant tumor who received treatment from January 2016 to January 2017 in the Third Department of Hepatic Surgery of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital was retrospectively analyzed in this study, including 221 male and 79 female patients aged from 7 to 76 years with median age of 54 years. The median height was 168 cm (115-183 cm), the median weight was 65 kg (20-105 kg) and the median tumor volume was 142 ml (23-2 493 ml)...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221315/four-arm-robotic-assisted-pulmonary-resection-right-upper-lobectomy-how-to-do-it
#14
Alessandro Pardolesi, Luca Bertolaccini, Jury Brandolini, Piergiorgio Solli
Numerous published articles have shown the safety and efficacy of robotic lung resection, including lobectomy. Several techniques have been described by different authors to perform a robot assisted lung lobectomy. We adopted four arms robotic procedure. We usually perform three ports (10-15 mm) and an anterior 3 to 4 cm utility incision. This technique allows to safely proceed with an anterior to posterior approach to the hilum. In this study, we present in clear and sequential steps, the procedure to perform a right upper lobectomy for early stage lung cancer...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221306/systemic-tunnel-dissection-of-mediastinal-lymph-nodes-without-clamping-via-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#15
Jia-Tao Zhang, Song Dong, Xue-Ning Yang, Yi-Long Wu, Wen-Zhao Zhong
Here we introduce a manual tunnel approach to remove the mediastinal lymph nodes and highlight the conception of non-clamping during dissection. We describe two cases of pulmonary malignancy performing a strategic lobectomy and systemic dissection of mediastinal lymph nodes via single port. The technique of tunnel dissection without clamping ensure to satisfy the requirement of oncology and clinical criteria. By efficiently specifying surgery procedure and improving dissection thoroughness, our approach should be implemented...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221302/the-society-for-translational-medicine-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-mechanical-ventilation-management-for-patients-undergoing-lobectomy
#16
REVIEW
Shugeng Gao, Zhongheng Zhang, Alessandro Brunelli, Chang Chen, Chun Chen, Gang Chen, Haiquan Chen, Jin-Shing Chen, Stephen Cassivi, Ying Chai, John B Downs, Wentao Fang, Xiangning Fu, Martínez I Garutti, Jianxing He, Jie He, Jian Hu, Yunchao Huang, Gening Jiang, Hongjing Jiang, Zhongmin Jiang, Danqing Li, Gaofeng Li, Hui Li, Qiang Li, Xiaofei Li, Yin Li, Zhijun Li, Chia-Chuan Liu, Deruo Liu, Lunxu Liu, Yongyi Liu, Haitao Ma, Weimin Mao, Yousheng Mao, Juwei Mou, Calvin Sze Hang Ng, René H Petersen, Guibin Qiao, Gaetano Rocco, Erico Ruffini, Lijie Tan, Qunyou Tan, Tang Tong, Haidong Wang, Qun Wang, Ruwen Wang, Shumin Wang, Deyao Xie, Qi Xue, Tao Xue, Lin Xu, Shidong Xu, Songtao Xu, Tiansheng Yan, Fenglei Yu, Zhentao Yu, Chunfang Zhang, Lanjun Zhang, Tao Zhang, Xun Zhang, Xiaojing Zhao, Xuewei Zhao, Xiuyi Zhi, Qinghua Zhou
Patients undergoing lobectomy are at significantly increased risk of lung injury. One-lung ventilation is the most commonly used technique to maintain ventilation and oxygenation during the operation. It is a challenge to choose an appropriate mechanical ventilation strategy to minimize the lung injury and other adverse clinical outcomes. In order to understand the available evidence, a systematic review was conducted including the following topics: (I) protective ventilation (PV); (II) mode of mechanical ventilation [e...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221295/contralateral-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-in-postlobectomy-patients
#17
Manabu Yasuda, Ryoichi Nakanishi, Shinji Shinohara, Masataka Mori, Syuhei Ashikari, Tsunehiro Oyama, Takeshi Hanagiri
Background: It is difficult to perform thoracoscopic lobectomy in patients with a history of contralateral lobectomy, as stable oxygenation is not always maintained under conditions of one-lung ventilation during surgery. Methods: This study evaluated 14 patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy after previously undergoing contralateral lobectomy at a single institution between 2008 and 2015. Results: Among 14 patients who had previously received contralateral lobectomy, 4 were unable to maintain sufficient perioperative oxygenation with usual one-lung ventilation...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217900/pulmonary-function-after-lobectomy-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-versus-muscle-sparing-mini-thoracotomy
#18
Katsuo Usuda, Sumiko Maeda, Nozomu Motomo, Makoto Tanaka, Masakatsu Ueno, Yuichiro Machida, Motoyasu Sagawa, Hidetaka Uramoto
Although pulmonary function was better after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy than after open thoracotomy lobectomy, it is unclear whether postoperative pulmonary function after VATS lobectomy is better than that after mini-thoracotomy lobectomy. The aim of this study is to determine whether the former is better than the latter. VATS lobectomies were performed using endoscopic techniques through a 3-4-cm skin incision spread by a silicon rubber retractor and two or three trocars. Mini-thoracotomy lobectomies were performed through a 7-12-cm skin incision spread by rib retractors made of metal and one or two trocars...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203261/preoperative-computed-tomography-guided-pulmonary-lesion-marking-in-preparation-for-fluoroscopic-wedge-resection-rates-of-success-complications-and-pathology-outcomes
#19
Babatunde Olaiya, Charles A Gilliland, Seth D Force, Felix G Fernandez, Manu S Sancheti, William C Small
PURPOSE: In this study, we describe our experience of lesion marking with fiducial markers (FM) and microcoils (MC) facilitating same-day surgical wedge resection, including success rates, pathology outcomes, and complications. We also explored patient/nodular characteristics associated with developing complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An IRB-approved single-institutional retrospective study of 136 patients who had 148 pulmonary nodules was conducted. All patients had CT-guided pulmonary nodule labeling with either FM (121) or MC (15) patients with plan for same-day fluoroscopic-guided wedge resection...
November 6, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136038/midterm-outcomes-of-single-port-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-major-pulmonary-resection
#20
Kook Nam Han, Hyun Koo Kim, Young Ho Choi
INTRODUCTION: Single-port thoracoscopic surgery has widened the current minimally invasive surgical techniques toward more less invasive procedures in terms of reducing the number of incisions. However, the current status of oncologic outcome with this technique is not well known for lung cancer surgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the oncologic outcomes in early stage lung cancer for impact of the survival outcomes with our experience of conversion to a single-port approach from the conventional three-port approach...
2017: PloS One
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