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Mulugeta Semework, Sara C Steenrod, Michael E Goldberg
Humans effortlessly establish a gist-like memory of their environment whenever they enter a new place, a memory that can guide action even in the absence of vision. Neurons in the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) of the monkey exhibit a form of this environmental memory. These neurons respond when a monkey makes a saccade that brings the spatial location of a stimulus that appeared on a number of prior trials, but not on the present trial, into their receptive fields (RFs). The stimulus need never have appeared in the neuron's RF...
February 16, 2018: ELife
Anthony M Tarescavage, Judith Scheman, Yossef S Ben-Porath
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relative utility of the most updated MMPI adult instrument, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), which was designed to address psychometric limitations of the MMPI-2. To this end, we compared mean scores and correlates of emotional distress treatment outcomes using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in a sample of 230 patients (73 males, 157 females) who had completed an interdisciplinary chronic pain rehabilitation program...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Biqin Huang, Xiwei Bai, Stephen K Lam, Kenneth K Tsang
In this letter we report the first diamond fin field-effect transistor (diamond FinFET) without a hydrogen-terminated channel. The device operates with hole accumulation by metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) structures built on fins to maintain effective control of the channel conduction. Devices with 100-nm-wide fins were designed and fabricated to ensure that the channel pinched off at zero gate bias. The transfer characteristic of FinFET showed a greater than 3000 on/off ratio, successfully demonstrating the transistor behavior...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Andrew Hung, Jian Chen, Zhengping Che, Tanachat Nilanon, Anthony Jarc, Micha Titus, Paul Oh, Inderbir Singh Gill, Yan Liu
Purpose Surgical performance is critical for clinical outcomes. We present a novel machine learning (ML) method of processing automated performance metrics (APMs) to evaluate surgical performance and predict clinical outcomes after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Methods We trained three ML algorithms utilizing APMs directly from robot system data (training material) and hospital length of stay (LOS; training label) (≤2 days and >2days) from 78 RARP cases, and selected the algorithm with the best performance...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Endourology
Intu Sharma, Yogita Batra, V Flauraud, Jürgen Brugger, Bodh Raj Mehta
The growth of MoS2 layers of desired dimensions at predefined locations is essential for fabricating opto-electronic devices based solely on MoS2 or on hetero-structures based on MoS2. Here we present a new route for patterned growth of MoS2 by combining radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering, stencil mask lithography and vapour phase sulfurization. The present method does not involve chemical etchants and organic photoresist and hence provides a simplified process of achieving MoS2 patterns. Here, the control over the number of layers (mono, few and bulk) of MoS2 is achieved by varying the thickness of Mo films...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Manoj Vishwakarma, Olesia M Karakulina, Artem M Abakumov, Joke Hadermann, B R Mehta
The presence of secondary phases is one of the main issues that hinder the growth of pure kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) based thin films with suitable electronic and junction properties for efficient solar cell devices. In this work, CZTS thin films with varied Zn and Sn content have been prepared by RF-power controlled co-sputtering deposition using Cu, ZnS and SnS targets and a subsequent sulphurization step. Detailed TEM investigations show that the film shows a layered structure with the majority of the top layer being the kesterite phase...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
S Ramakrishnan, E J Jelmy, R Senthilkumar, Murali Rangarajan, Nikhil K Kothurkar
Bilayer and few layer-graphene (Gr) with noble metal (Ag and Au) and TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized using atmospheric pressure radio frequency chemical vapor deposition (APRF-CVD). The precursors for the formation of the respective nanoparticles were dissolved in ethanol and injected into the APRF-CVD containing a Cu foil catalyst at 1000 °C. The graphene obtained had a blistered morphology similar to bubble-wrap. The bubble-like protrusions on the graphene sheet were caused by large nanoparticle clusters (~220 nm) formed below the graphene sheets...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Hyun-Pil Lim, Sang-Won Park, Kwi-Dug Yun, Chan Park, Min-Kyung Ji, Gye-Jeong Oh, Jong-Tak Lee, Kwangmin Lee
In this study, we examined the effect of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) coating on alkali-treated CP Grade II titanium surface via RF magnetron sputtering on osteoblast like cell (MC3T3-E1) viability and bone formation in rat tibia. The specimens were divided into three groups; commercially pure titanium (control group), alkali-treated titanium with nanofiber structure (NF group) and β-TCP coating on alkali-treated titanium with nanofiber structure (TNF group). The surface characteristics of specimens were observed under a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), and contact angle was measured...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Jun Li, Wen-Qiong Wang, Shuai Tang, Wei-Bin Song, Li-Jiang Xuan
The phytochemical study of Euphorbia helioscopia afforded euphornin (1) in a large amount. Alkaline hydrolysis of 1 using potassium carbonate yielded the main product monodeacetyleuphornin (2), whose structural modification at 14-OH gave rise to 21 acylated derivatives euphornoate A-U (3-23). Thus, a mini compound library of jatrophanes was established to screen for MDR modulators. Biological studies clearly demonstrated the effect of C-14 pattern modification in MDR reversal activity and several compounds with RF values over 300 fold at 20 μM (6, 16, 20, 22, 23) were thought to be promising MDR modulators...
February 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
Harish Dharmarajan, Yi-Chun Carol Liu, Helena Karlberg Hippard, Binoy Chandy
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric otolaryngologists are frequently called to assist in difficult airway management in newborns with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) who have microretrognathia, glossoptosis, and an anterior larynx. The Bonfils fiberscope (BF) is a curved rigid scope designed to provide superior visualization in the anterior larynx. OBJECTIVE: (1) to assess whether BF provides an improvement in intubation success rate, time to intubation, or airway visualization as compared to rigid fiberscope (RF) in a difficult airway simulation setting and (2) to determine whether a training program for BF can improve time to intubation through practice trials...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Abhijeet L Sangle, Oon Jew Lee, Ahmed Kursumovic, Wenrui Zhang, Aiping Chen, Haiyan Wang, Judith L MacManus-Driscoll
We report on nanoengineered SrTiO 3 -Sm 2 O 3 nanocomposite thin films with the highest reported values of commutation quality factor (CQF or K-factor) of >2800 in SrTiO 3 at room temperature. The films also had a large tunability of dielectric constant (49%), low tangent loss (tan δ = 0.01) and a Curie temperature for SrTiO 3 > 300 °C, making them very attractive for tunable RF applications. The enhanced properties originate from the unique nanostructure in the films, with <20 nm diameter strain-controlling Sm 2 O 3 nanocolumns embedded in a SrTiO 3 matrix...
February 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Qiang Li, Yuantao Zhang, Lungang Feng, Zuming Wang, Tao Wang, Feng Yun
ITO nanowires have been successfully fabricated using a radio-frequency sputtering technique with a high RF-power of 250W. The fabrication of the ITO nanowires has been optimized through the study of oxygen flow rates, temperatures and RF-power. The difference in the morphology of the ITO nanowires prepared by using a new target and a used target has been first observed and the mechanism for the difference has been discussed in detail. A hollow structure and air voids within the nanowires are formed during the process of the nanowire growth...
February 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Vivek Tiwari, Zhongxu An, Yiming Wang, Changho Choi
PURPOSE: To develop 1 H MR spectroscopy that provides distinction of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signal at 3 T in vivo. METHODS: Triple-refocusing was tailored at 3 T, with numerical simulations and phantom validation, for distinction of the GABA 2.29-ppm resonance from the neighboring glutamate resonance. The optimization was performed on the inter-RF pulse time delays and the duration and carrier frequency of a non-slice-selective RF pulse. The optimized triple refocusing was tested in multiple regions in 6 healthy subjects, including hippocampus...
February 14, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Kimberly L Chan, Ronald Ouwerkerk, Peter B Barker
PURPOSE: To develop and investigate a novel water suppression sequence with hypergeometric pulses at 3 T. METHODS: Simulations were used to optimize the delays and amplitudes of 5 hypergeometric prepulses, to minimize the residual water over a range of T 1 and B 1 values. Single-voxel data with hypergeometric water suppression (HGWS) prepulses were acquired in the centrum semiovale, 2 parietal regions, and insula of 7 subjects, and compared with VAPOR water suppression...
February 14, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Shang Chen, Yue Zhou, Lichun Zhou, Yanhui Guan, Yu Zhang, Xiuzhen Han
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the hallmark of late-staged wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key component in the development and progression of wet AMD. DMBT, 6,6'-bis(2,3-dimethoxybenzoyl)-α,α-D-trehalose, had been proved that it could suppress tumor angiogenesis and metastasis by inhibiting production of VEGF. But the effects of DMBT on CNV were not known. This study was to investigate effects and mechanisms of DMBT on CNV in vitro and in vivo...
February 14, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Jueeli D Vaidya, Bartholomeus van den Bogert, Joan E Edwards, Jos Boekhorst, Sanne van Gastelen, Edoardo Saccenti, Caroline M Plugge, Hauke Smidt
DNA based methods have been widely used to study the complexity of the rumen microbiota, and it is well known that the method of DNA extraction is a critical step in enabling accurate assessment of this complexity. Rumen fluid (RF) and fibrous content (FC) fractions differ substantially in terms of their physical nature and associated microorganisms. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the effect of four DNA extraction methods (RBB, PBB, FDSS, PQIAmini) differing in cell lysis and/or DNA recovery methods on the observed microbial diversity in RF and FC fractions using samples from four rumen cannulated dairy cows fed 100% grass silage (GS100), 67% GS and 33% maize silage (GS67MS33), 33% GS and 67% MS (GS33MS67), or 100% MS (MS100)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Tyrone Sherwin, Mikala Easte, Andrew Tzer-Yeu Chen, Kevin I-Kai Wang, Wenbin Dai
Location-aware services are one of the key elements of modern intelligent applications. Numerous real-world applications such as factory automation, indoor delivery, and even search and rescue scenarios require autonomous robots to have the ability to navigate in an unknown environment and reach mobile targets with minimal or no prior infrastructure deployment. This research investigates and proposes a novel approach of dynamic target localisation using a single RF emitter, which will be used as the basis of allowing autonomous robots to navigate towards and reach a target...
February 14, 2018: Sensors
Sheng-Po Chang, Deng Shan
This paper presents the electrical characteristics of doping nitrogen in an amorphous InGaZnO thin film transistor. The IGZO:N film, which acted as a channel layer, was deposited using RF sputtering with a nitrogen and argon gas mixture at room temperature. The optimized parameters of the IGZO:N/IGZO TFT are as follows: threshold voltage is 0.5 V, field effect mobility is 14.34 cm2V-1S-1. The on/off current ratio is 106 and subthreshold swing is 1.48 V/decade. The positive gate bias stress stability of InGaZnO doping with nitrogen shows improvement compared to doping with oxygen...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ming-Hung Hsu, Sheng-Po Chang, Shoou-Jinn Chang, Chih-Wei Li, Jyun-Yi Li, Chih-Chien Lin
In this study, zinc indium tin oxide thin-film transistors (ZITO TFTs) were fabricated by the radio frequency (RF) sputtering deposition method. Adding indium cations to ZnO by co-sputtering allows the development of ZITO TFTs with improved performance. Material characterization revealed that ZITO TFTs have a threshold voltage of 0.9 V, a subthreshold swing of 0.294 V/decade, a field-effect mobility of 5.32 cm2/Vs, and an on-off ratio of 4.7 × 105. Furthermore, an investigation of the photosensitivity of the fabricated devices was conducted by an illumination test...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
H A Alhazmi, M Al Bratty, S A Javed, K G Lalitha
Transferrins (TFs) consist of a large group of glycoproteins, whose function is to transport iron across the cell membrane. Apart from iron, serum transferrin can also bind several other metal ions and hence can offer a potential route for the delivery of these metal ions into the cellular fluids. In the present study the interaction behavior of nine noble metal ions, Ag+, Au+, Au3+, Os3+, Pd2+, Pt4+, Rh3+, Ru3+ and Ir3+ with transferrin was investigated by affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) using the dynamic mobility shift mode...
May 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
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