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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346587/are-root-cause-analyses-recommendations-effective-and-sustainable-an-observational-study
#1
Peter D Hibbert, Matthew J W Thomas, Anita Deakin, William B Runciman, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Stephanie Lomax, Jonathan Prescott, Glenda Gorrie, Amy Szczygielski, Tanja Surwald, Catherine Fraser
Objective: To assess the strength of root cause analysis (RCA) recommendations and their perceived levels of effectiveness and sustainability. Design: All RCAs related to sentinel events (SEs) undertaken between the years 2010 and 2015 in the public health system in Victoria, Australia were analysed. The type and strength of each recommendation in the RCA reports were coded by an expert patient safety classifier using the US Department of Veteran Affairs type and strength criteria...
January 16, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346583/datamed-an-open-source-discovery-index-for-finding-biomedical-datasets
#2
Xiaoling Chen, Anupama E Gururaj, Burak Ozyurt, Ruiling Liu, Ergin Soysal, Trevor Cohen, Firat Tiryaki, Yueling Li, Nansu Zong, Min Jiang, Deevakar Rogith, Mandana Salimi, Hyeon-Eui Kim, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Claudiu Farcas, Todd Johnson, Ron Margolis, George Alter, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Ian M Fore, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Jeffrey S Grethe, Hua Xu
Objective: Finding relevant datasets is important for promoting data reuse in the biomedical domain, but it is challenging given the volume and complexity of biomedical data. Here we describe the development of an open source biomedical data discovery system called DataMed, with the goal of promoting the building of additional data indexes in the biomedical domain. Materials and Methods: DataMed, which can efficiently index and search diverse types of biomedical datasets across repositories, is developed through the National Institutes of Health-funded biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem (bioCADDIE) consortium...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#3
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346413/genetic-diversity-and-potential-routes-of-transmission-of-mycobacterium-bovis-in-mozambique
#4
Adelina Machado, Teresa Rito, Solomon Ghebremichael, Nuelma Muhate, Gabriel Maxhuza, Custodia Macuamule, Ivania Moiane, Baltazar Macucule, Angelica Suzana Marranangumbe, Jorge Baptista, Joaquim Manguele, Tuija Koivula, Elizabeth Maria Streicher, Robin Mark Warren, Gunilla Kallenius, Paul van Helden, Margarida Correia-Neves
Bovine tuberculosis is a zoonotic disease with largely unknown impact in Africa, with risk factors such as HIV and direct contact with animals or consumption of Mycobacterium bovis infected animal products. In order to understand and quantify this risk and design intervention strategies, good epidemiological studies are needed. Such studies can include molecular typing of M. bovis isolates. The aim of this study was to apply these tools to provide novel information concerning the distribution of bovine tuberculosis in cattle in Mozambique and thereby provide relevant information to guide policy development and strategies to contain the disease in livestock, and reduce the risk associated with transmission to humans...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#5
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346139/blood-biomarkers-for-evaluation-of-perinatal-encephalopathy-state-of-the-art
#6
Ernest M Graham, Allen D Everett, Jean-Christophe Delpech, Frances J Northington
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The rapid progress in biomarker science is on the threshold of significantly changing clinical care for infants in the neonatal ICU. Infants with neonatal brain injuries will likely be the first group whose management is dramatically altered with point-of-care, rapidly available brain biomarker analysis. Providing an interim update on progress in this area is the purpose of this review. RECENT FINDINGS: Highlighted findings from the past 18 months of publications on biomarkers in neonatal brain injury include; Specific nonbrain markers of cardiac health and global asphyxia continue to provide information on brain injury after hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)...
January 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346005/ethical-issues-in-social-media-research-for-public-health
#7
Ruth F Hunter, Aisling Gough, Niamh O'Kane, Gary McKeown, Aine Fitzpatrick, Tom Walker, Michelle McKinley, Mandy Lee, Frank Kee
Social media (SM) offer huge potential for public health research, serving as a vehicle for surveillance, delivery of health interventions, recruitment to trials, collection of data, and dissemination. However, the networked nature of the data means they are riddled with ethical challenges, and no clear consensus has emerged as to the ethical handling of such data. This article outlines the key ethical concerns for public health researchers using SM and discusses how these concerns might best be addressed. Key issues discussed include privacy; anonymity and confidentiality; authenticity; the rapidly changing SM environment; informed consent; recruitment, voluntary participation, and sampling; minimizing harm; and data security and management...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346001/strategies-and-challenges-in-preventing-violence-against-canadian-indoor-sex-workers
#8
Vicky Bungay, Adrian Guta
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 2016. For analyses, we used interpretive thematic techniques informed by World Health Organization position statements on violence. RESULTS: Robbery, nonpayment, financial exploitation, and privacy violations were frequent types of violence perpetrated by clients, landlords, and neighbors...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345999/cost-effectiveness-of-capping-freeways-for-use-as-parks-the-new-york-cross-bronx-expressway-case-study
#9
Sooyoung Kim, Zafar Zafari, Martine Bellanger, Peter Alexander Muennig
OBJECTIVES: To examine health benefits and cost-effectiveness of implementing a freeway deck park to increase urban green space. METHODS: Using the Cross-Bronx Expressway in New York City as a case study, we explored the cost-effectiveness of implementing deck parks. We built a microsimulation model that included increased exercise, fewer accidents, and less pollution as well as the cost of implementation and maintenance of the park. We estimated both the quality-adjusted life years gained and the societal costs for 2017...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345217/statistical-analysis-of-human-microarray-data-shows-that-dietary-intervention-with-n-3-fatty-acids-flavonoids-and-resveratrol-enriches-for-immune-response-and-disease-pathways
#10
Alix Warburton, Olga Vasieva, Peter Quinn, James P Stewart, John P Quinn
n-3 Fatty acids, flavonoids and resveratrol are well publicised for their beneficial effects on human health and wellbeing. Identifying common, underlying biological mechanisms targeted by these functional foods would therefore be informative for the public health sector for advising on nutritional health and disease, food and drug product development and consumer interest. The aim of this study was to explore the potential effects of gene expression changes associated with n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, flavonoids and resveratrol on modifying biological systems and disease pathways...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345143/readability-of-online-health-information-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#11
Lubna Daraz, Allison S Morrow, Oscar J Ponce, Wigdan Farah, Abdulrahman Katabi, Abdul Majzoub, Mohamed O Seisa, Raed Benkhadra, Mouaz Alsawas, Prokop Larry, M Hassan Murad
Online health information should meet the reading level for the general public (set at sixth-grade level). Readability is a key requirement for information to be helpful and improve quality of care. The authors conducted a systematic review to evaluate the readability of online health information in the United States and Canada. Out of 3743 references, the authors included 157 cross-sectional studies evaluating 7891 websites using 13 readability scales. The mean readability grade level across websites ranged from grade 10 to 15 based on the different scales...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345083/brief-workshops-to-teach-drug-and-alcohol-first-aid-a-pilot-evaluation-study
#12
Victoria R Kostadinov, Ann M Roche, Alice McEntee, Julaine M Allan, Nicholas R Meumann, Lara L McLaughlin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Health and community service workers frequently encounter people with alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems in the course of their work, yet few have had training on how to respond effectively. A Drug and Alcohol First Aid workshop was developed by Lyndon, a non-government organisation treatment provider, and delivered to community and health sector workers and the general public. It presented evidence-based information regarding AOD use and harm reduction and treatment options...
January 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344801/toxoplasma-gondii-in-sympatric-domestic-and-wild-ungulates-in-the-mediterranean-ecosystem
#13
S Almería, O Cabezón, J Paniagua, D Cano-Terriza, S Jiménez-Ruiz, A Arenas-Montes, J P Dubey, I García-Bocanegra
Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan of worldwide distribution. The present study provides information on risk factors affecting T. gondii infection in domestic and free-ranging wild ungulates sharing habitats in Mediterranean ecosystems in Spain. Serum samples from 482 extensively reared domestic ruminants and 2351 wild ungulates were tested for T. gondii antibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT, cut-off 1:25). Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence was 41.2% of 194 sheep, 18.6% of 199 cattle and 5...
January 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344632/factors-associated-with-outcomes-and-costs-after-pediatric-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#14
Gileh-Gol Akhtar-Danesh, Aristithes G Doumouras, Cecily Bos, Helene Flageole, Dennis Hong
Importance: The prevalence of pediatric cholelithiasis is increasing with the epidemic of childhood obesity. With this rise, the outcomes and costs of pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy become an important public health and economic concern. Objective: To assess patient and health system factors associated with the outcomes and costs after laparoscopic cholecystectomy among Canadian children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective, population-based study of children 17 years and younger undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy from April 1, 2008, until March 31, 2015...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343580/advancing-our-understanding-of-protective-maternal-immunity-as-a-guide-for-development-of-vaccines-to-reduce-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infections
#15
Sallie R Permar, Mark R Schleiss, Stanley A Plotkin
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common congenitally transmitted pathogen worldwide, impacting an estimated 1 million newborns annually. Congenital HCMV (cCMV) infection is a major global contributor to long-term neurologic deficits, including deafness, microcephaly, neurodevelopmental delay, as well as fetal loss and occasional infant mortality. Accordingly, a maternal vaccine to prevent cCMV continues to be a top public health priority. Nevertheless, we remain without a licensed vaccine. Maternal immunity provides partial protection, as the risk of vertical HCMV transmission from chronically infected mothers is reduced compared to settings in which the mother is newly infected during pregnancy...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343413/exposure-to-and-colonisation-by-antibiotic-resistant-e-coli-in-uk-coastal-water-users-environmental-surveillance-exposure-assessment-and-epidemiological-study-beach-bum-survey
#16
Anne F C Leonard, Lihong Zhang, Andrew J Balfour, Ruth Garside, Peter M Hawkey, Aimee K Murray, Obioha C Ukoumunne, William H Gaze
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) present a global public health problem. With numbers of community-acquired resistant infections increasing, understanding the mechanisms by which people are exposed to and colonised by ARB can help inform effective strategies to prevent their spread. The role natural environments play in this is poorly understood. This is the first study to combine surveillance of ARB in bathing waters, human exposure estimates and association between exposure and colonisation by ARB in water users...
December 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343292/global-trends-in-the-awareness-of-sepsis-insights-from-search-engine-data-between-2012-and-2017
#17
Craig S Jabaley, James M Blum, Robert F Groff, Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is an established global health priority with high mortality that can be curtailed through early recognition and intervention; as such, efforts to raise awareness are potentially impactful and increasingly common. We sought to characterize trends in the awareness of sepsis by examining temporal, geographic, and other changes in search engine utilization for sepsis information-seeking online. METHODS: Using time series analyses and mixed descriptive methods, we retrospectively analyzed publicly available global usage data reported by Google Trends (Google, Palo Alto, CA, USA) concerning web searches for the topic of sepsis between 24 June 2012 and 24 June 2017...
January 17, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343280/pregabalin-versus-placebo-in-targeting-pro-nociceptive-mechanisms-to-prevent-chronic-pain-after-whiplash-injury-in-at-risk-individuals-a-feasibility-study-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
J Nikles, G Keijzers, G Mitchell, S Schug, R Ware, S A McLean, L Connelly, S Gibson, S F Farrell, M Sterling
BACKGROUND: Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) are an enormous and costly burden to Australian society. Up to 50% of people who experience a whiplash injury will never fully recover. Whiplash is resistant to treatment and no early management approach has yet been shown to prevent chronic pain. The early presence of central sensitization is associated with poor recovery. Pregabalin's effects on central sensitization indicate the potential to prevent or modulate these processes after whiplash injury and to improve health outcomes, but this has not been investigated...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343254/knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-among-uyghur-women-from-xinjiang-china
#19
Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Tangnuer Abulimiti, Hua Li, Guzhalinuer Abuduxikuer, Patiman Mijiti, Su-Qin Zhang, Ayinuer Maimaiti, Muyasier Tuergan, Ayiguli Simayi, Miherinisha Maimaiti
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a significant public health issue in Xinjiang China. In order to provide scientific basis for cervical cancer intervention in Xinjiang, women's knowledge of cervical cancer was investigated in this study. Besides, relations between Uyghur women's awareness and their age, educational background, yearly household were evaluated. METHODS: Questionnaire survey was conducted to 7100 Uyghur women from Karkax Hotan and Payzivat Kashgar during 2008 and 2009...
January 17, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342983/assessing-the-perceptions-and-practice-of-self-medication-among-bangladeshi-undergraduate-pharmacy-students
#20
Md Omar Reza Seam, Rita Bhatta, Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Abhijit Das, Md Monir Hossain, S M Naim Uddin, Palash Karmakar, M Shahabuddin Kabir Choudhuri, Mohammad Mafruhi Sattar
Objectives: To evaluate the perceptions and extent of practicing self-medication among undergraduate pharmacy students. Methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a six month period (January to June 2016) among undergraduate pharmacy students in five reputable public universities of Bangladesh. It involved face-to-face interviews regarding self-medication of 250 respondents selected by simple random sampling. Results: Self-medication was reported by 88.0% of students. Antipyretics (58...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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