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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343170/mirnas-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-snps-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd
#1
John Paul SanGiovanni, Peter M SanGiovanni, Przemysław Sapieha, Vincent De Guire
Advanced age-related macular degeneration (AAMD) is a complex sight-threating disease of public health significance. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed as biomarkers for AAMD. The presence of certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may influence the explanatory value of these biomarkers. Here we present findings from an integrated approach used to determine whether AAMD-associated SNPs have the capacity to influence miRNA-mRNA pairing and, if so, to what extent such pairing may be manifested in a discrete AAMD transcriptome...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343112/the-impact-of-australian-legislative-changes-on-synthetic-cannabinoid-exposures-reported-to-the-new-south-wales-poisons-information-centre
#2
Rose Cairns, Jared A Brown, Naren Gunja, Nicholas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: The emergence of new psychoactive substances (NPS), including synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) poses novel challenges for drug regulation and public health. Misconceptions of safety and legality, coupled with the fact that NPS are undetectable on routine drugs screens contributes to their popularity. Concerns over the unpredictable toxicity and abuse potential of NPS has led to a variety of legislative responses worldwide. We wish to describe Australian trends in SCRA use, examining the effects of legislative changes on calls to Australia's largest poisons centre...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342799/lost-in-processing-perceived-healthfulness-taste-and-caloric-content-of-whole-and-processed-organic-food
#3
Marília Prada, Margarida V Garrido, David Rodrigues
The "organic" claim explicitly informs consumers about the food production method. Yet, based on this claim, people often infer unrelated food attributes. The current research examined whether the perceived advantage of organic over conventional food generalizes across different organic food types. Compared to whole organic foods, processed organic foods are less available, familiar and prototypical of the organic food category. In two studies (combined N = 258) we investigated how both organic foods types were perceived in healthfulness, taste and caloric content when compared to their conventional alternatives...
March 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342623/mother-newborn-health-indicators-in-possible-victims-of-gender-based-violence-during-pregnancy
#4
Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy increases the risk of gender-based violence, considered an underdiagnosed public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the situation of possible gender-based violence in the pregnant woman and variables related to pregnancy, labor, puerperium, and newborn health. DESIGN: An observational multicenter study. SETTINGS: Three Spanish hospitals during 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 141 pregnant women in which information is collected sociodemographic variables and data related to pregnancy, labor, and puerperium were gathered by interview and from clinical records...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342618/a-realist-synthesis-of-social-connectivity-interventions-during-transition-to-parenthood-the-value-of-relationships
#5
Claudine T Bennett, Judy L Buchan, Nicole Letourneau, Stuart G Shanker, Anne Fenwick, Brenda Smith-Chant, Cyndi Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Social connections are important during the transition to parenthood. A wide body of literature suggests that these connections enhance health and contribute to wellbeing. In the case of parents and families, social connections can influence child development. Nurses and public health agencies are in a unique position to advocate for resources and approaches to enhance social connectivity for parents during this important life transition. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify the universal social connectivity interventions that work, and the conditions that foster social connections for parents and enhance child development...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342562/tackling-racism-as-a-wicked-public-health-problem-enabling-allies-in-anti-racism-praxis
#6
Heather Came, Derek Griffith
Racism is a "wicked" public health problem that fuels systemic health inequities between population groups in New Zealand, the United States and elsewhere. While literature has examined racism and its effects on health, the work describing how to intervene to address racism in public health is less developed. While the notion of raising awareness of racism through socio-political education is not new, given the way racism has morphed into new narratives in health institutional settings, it has become critical to support allies to make informing efforts to address racism as a fundamental cause of health inequities...
March 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340148/characteristics-of-hookah-tobacco-smoking-sessions-and-correlates-of-use-frequency-among-us-adults-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#7
Joelle Robinson, Baoguang Wang, Kia Jackson, Elisabeth Donaldson, Chase Ryant
Introduction: Hookah tobacco smoking has increased in the US. However, information on hookah use frequency and other characteristics of hookah use is limited. Methods: Investigators analyzed data from Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of US youth and adults. Our analysis draws on baseline data from adult (ages ≥18 years) ever (N=10,624) and past year (n=3,947) hookah users...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340022/nicotine-content-and-physical-properties-of-large-cigars-and-cigarillos-in-the-united-states
#8
Bartosz Koszowski, Meridith Hill Thanner, Wallace B Pickworth, Kenneth M Taylor, Lynn C Hull, Megan J Schroeder
Introduction: Cigars are combusted tobacco products consisting of filler, binder, and wrapper, which are derived from tobacco. Despite the abundance of literature on the composition of traditional combusted cigarettes, research is limited on the physical and chemical properties of cigars. Therefore, research on cigar properties may be useful to better understand their health impact. Methods: In this study, twenty large cigar and cigarillo products were characterized for physical properties (ie, weight, length, and diameter), filler nicotine content, and tobacco pH...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339800/the-dark-cloud-of-recreational-drugs-and-vaping
#9
M S Blundell, P I Dargan, D M Wood
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are increasing in popularity with 19% of UK smokers reporting to have used them. The ability to regulate the evaporation temperature in newer electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) facilitates the potential for use of these devices to 'vape' cannabis, novel psychoactive substances (NPS) and other recreational drugs. Vaping cannabis does have the potential to reduce tobacco use and combustible cannabis/tobacco-related disease, but with over one-third of UK adults reporting life-time use of recreational drugs and increasing e-cigarette uptake in adolescent groups the misuse of these devices poses a serious potential public health risk...
March 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339697/are-informed-policies-in-place-to-promote-safe-and-usable-ehrs-a-cross-industry-comparison
#10
Erica L Savage, Rollin J Fairbanks, Raj M Ratwani
Objective: Despite federal policies put in place by the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) to promote safe and usable electronic health record (EHR) products, the usability of EHRs continues to frustrate providers and have patient safety implications. This study sought to compare government policies on usability and safety, and methods of examining compliance to those policies, across 3 federal agencies: the ONC and EHRs, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and avionics, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and medical devices...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339323/media-coverage-of-fda-drug-safety-communications-about-zolpidem-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis
#11
Steve Woloshin, Lisa M Schwartz, Sara Dejene, Paula Rausch, Gerald J Dal Pan, Esther H Zhou, Aaron S Kesselheim
FDA issues Drug Safety Communications (DSCs) to alert health care professionals and the public about emerging safety information affecting prescription and over-the-counter drugs. News media may amplify DSCs, but it is unclear how DSC messaging is transmitted through the media. We conducted a content analysis of the lay media coverage reaching the broadest audience to characterize the amount and content of media coverage of two zolpidem DSCs from 2013. After the first DSC, zolpidem news stories increased from 19 stories/week in the preceding 3 months to 153 following its release...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338367/full-participation-of-students-with-physical-disabilities-in-science-and-engineering-laboratories
#12
Hervens Jeannis, James Joseph, Mary Goldberg, Katherine Seelman, Mark Schmeler, Rory A Cooper
PURPOSE: To conduct a literature review identifying barriers and facilitators students with physical disabilities (SwD-P) may encounter in science and engineering (S&E) laboratories. METHOD: Publications were identified from 1991 to 2015 in ERIC, web of science via web of knowledge, CINAHL, SCOPUS, IEEEXplore, engineering village, business source complete and PubMed databases using search terms and synonyms for accommodations, advanced manufacturing, additive manufacturing, assistive technology (AT), barriers, engineering, facilitators, instructor, laboratory, STEM education, science, students with disabilities and technology...
March 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338343/nuggets-of-wisdom-salmonella-enteritidis-outbreaks-and-the-case-for-new-rules-on-uncooked-frozen-processed-chicken
#13
J Leigh Hobbs, Bryna Warshawsky, Anne Maki, Sandra Zittermann, Allana Murphy, Anna Majury, Dean Middleton
In 2014 and 2015, three Canadian Salmonella serotype Enteritidis outbreak investigations implicated uncooked, frozen, processed chicken products produced at the same establishment, namely establishment A. In November 2014, a sustained increase in the number of reported domestically acquired Salmonella Enteritidis cases in Ontario led to the first outbreak investigation, which implicated uncooked, frozen, processed chicken products produced at establishment A. In June 2015, the identification of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns that had not been previously reported in Canada led to a national Salmonella Enteritidis investigation...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337843/exploring-the-role-of-the-dental-hygienist-in-reducing-oral-health-disparities-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#14
J Farmer, S Peressini, H P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: Reducing oral health disparities has been an ongoing challenge in Canada with the largest burden of oral disease exhibited in vulnerable populations, including Aboriginal people, the elderly, rural and remote residents, and newcomers. Dental hygienists are a unique set of professionals who work with and within communities, who have the potential to act as key change agents for improving the oral health of these populations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the dental hygiene perspective, the role of dental hygienists in reducing oral health disparities in Canada...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337433/occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-surgeons-in-fiji
#15
Rajeev Patel, Peter Huggard, Annik van Toledo
AIM: This study examined the levels of occupational stress and burnout among surgeons in Fiji. METHODS: A document set comprising a cover letter; a consent form; a sociodemographic and supplementary information questionnaire; the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI); the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12); the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT); and the Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) questionnaires were provided to surgeons from three public divisional hospitals in Fiji...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337431/enhancing-an-international-perspective-in-public-health-teaching-through-formalized-university-partnerships
#16
Patrick Brzoska, Seval Akgün, Bassey E Antia, K R Thankappan, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar, Oliver Razum
Teaching in the field of public health needs to employ a global perspective to account for the fact that public health problems and solutions have global determinants and implications as well. International university partnerships can promote such a perspective through the strengthening of cooperation, exchange, and communication between academic institutions across national boundaries. As an example for such an academic network in the field of public health, we introduce the International Public Health Partnership-a collaboration between a university in Germany and universities in India, Turkey, and Nigeria...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337406/the-influence-of-health-concern-on-travel-plans-with-focus-on-the-zika-virus-in-2016
#17
Nicole J Olynk Widmar, S R Dominick, Audrey Ruple, Wallace E Tyner
Tourists consider many factors, including health, when choosing travel destinations. The potential for exposure to novel or foreign diseases alone can deter travelers from selecting high-risk locations for disease transmission. The 2015-2016 Zika Virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the Americas and Caribbean prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. This study investigated factors that may contribute to travel avoidance to areas experiencing ZIKV transmission while also considering different levels of health concern and awareness among groups with varying demographics...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337072/precision-metagenomics-rapid-metagenomic-analyses-for-infectious-disease-diagnostics-and-public-health-surveillance
#18
Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, Chou Chou, Noah Alexander, Sofia Ahsanuddin, Audrey N Schuetz, Christopher E Mason
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have ushered in the era of precision medicine, transforming the way we treat cancer patients and diagnose disease. Concomitantly, the advent of these technologies has created a surge of microbiome and metagenomic studies over the last decade, many of which are focused on investigating the host-gene-microbial interactions responsible for the development and spread of infectious diseases, as well as delineating their key role in maintaining health. As we continue to discover more information about the etiology of infectious diseases, the translational potential of metagenomic NGS methods for treatment and rapid diagnosis is becoming abundantly clear...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337039/rationing-of-hip-and-knee-referrals-in-the-public-hospital-the-true-unmet-need
#19
Tom Inglis, Paul Armour, Grahame Inglis, Gary Hooper
AIM: The aim of this paper is to outline the development of a triage system for elective hip and knee referrals to the Orthopaedic Department of the Canterbury District Health Board (CDHB), and to determine the unmet need within this population for accessing first specialist assessment (FSA). METHODS: Between 1 August 2015 and 31 March 2016 data was collected from all elective hip and knee referrals that underwent triage for a FSA. The number of outpatient appointments available according to the government four-month waiting time is set by the CDHB...
March 24, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336803/facilitating-the-ethical-use-of-health-data-for-the-benefit-of-society-electronic-health-records-consent-and-the-duty-of-easy-rescue
#20
Sebastian Porsdam Mann, Julian Savulescu, Barbara J Sahakian
Advances in data science allow for sophisticated analysis of increasingly large datasets. In the medical context, large volumes of data collected for healthcare purposes are contained in electronic health records (EHRs). The real-life character and sheer amount of data contained in them make EHRs an attractive resource for public health and biomedical research. However, medical records contain sensitive information that could be misused by third parties. Medical confidentiality and respect for patients' privacy and autonomy protect patient data, barring access to health records unless consent is given by the data subject...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
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