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CLIPPERS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412163/electroencephalographic-responses-of-anaesthetized-pigs-sus-scrofa-to-tail-docking-using-clippers-or-cautery-iron-performed-at-2-or-20-days-of-age
#1
Nikki J Kells, Ngaio J Beausoleil, J Paul Chambers, Mhairi A Sutherland, Rebecca S Morrison, Craig B Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To compare electroencephalographic (EEG) responses of pigs to tail docking using clippers or cautery iron, performed at 2 or 20 days of age. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised controlled experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of 40 Large White x Landrace entire male pigs aged 2 (n=20) or 20 (n=20) days were randomly assigned to undergo tail docking using clippers or cautery iron. METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with halothane delivered in oxygen...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386850/therapeutic-approaches-in-clippers
#2
REVIEW
Guillaume Taieb, Thibaut Allou, Pierre Labauge
CLIPPERS for chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids, is a steroid-sensitive and steroid-dependent brainstem inflammatory disease of unknown origin. Since its first description in 2010, about 60 cases have been reported throughout the world. The mean age at onset is 50 years and men seem to be more frequently affected. In patients without chronic corticosteroid therapy or immunosuppressive agents, the disease had a relapsing remitting course, and the mean annualized relapse rate was 0...
May 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376988/improving-nursing-home-compliance-via-revised-antipsychotic-use-survey-tool
#3
Linda L Bach, Donald L Lazzaretto, Clipper F Young, Paul W Lofholm
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of using a pharmacist-initiated antipsychotic use survey tool on improving nursing home compliance for appropriate antipsychotic use in patients with dementia. DESIGN: Prospective chart review study. SETTING: Two nursing homes in Marin County, California. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents diagnosed with dementia and receiving antipsychotic medication. INTERVENTION: Pharmacist performing survey tool screening for appropriate antipsychotic use based on Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services guidelines and using information from the survey tool as part of the pharmacist recommendations to the prescriber...
April 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284348/chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-clippers-a-lymphocytic-reactive-response-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-case-report
#4
Xiaolin Wang, Dehui Huang, Xusheng Huang, Jiatang Zhang, Ye Ran, Xin Lou, Qiuping Gui, Shengyuan Yu
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroid (CLIPPERS) was first described in 2010. The characteristic clinical picture, radiological distribution and steroid response have been well-described in previous reports. However, the underlying pathogenesis and nosological position of CLIPPERS in the CNS require further investigation for the primary CNS lymphoma have been identified by autopsy subsequently. Here, we report a 51-year-old woman who was diagnosed with CLIPPERS but progressed to primary CNS lymphomatoid granulomatosis, which supports that CLIPPERS is not just an inflammatory CNS disorder...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263778/evaluation-of-the-bundle-zero-surgical-site-infection-to-prevent-surgical-site-infection-in-vascular-surgery
#5
María Fernández-Prada, Carmen Martínez-Ortega, Livia Revuelta-Mariño, Ángeles Menéndez-Herrero, Juan F Navarro-Gracia
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) before and after the implementation of a bundle of care called 'Zero Surgical Site Infection'. Secondary goals included estimating measures of association and their potential impact, determining care management indicators in vascular surgery, and evaluating the level of compliance with the bundle. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study with a historic control group. The bundle included: 1) removal of body hair with clippers; 2) preoperative showering with chlorhexidine soap; 3) preparation of the surgical field with alcoholic chlorhexidine 2%; 4) adequacy of antimicrobial prophylaxis; 5) and 6) intra- and post-operative glycemic and central temperature control...
March 2, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157090/solution-processed-hybrid-2d-3d-mos2-si-heterostructures-with-superior-junction-characteristics
#6
S Mukherjee, S Biswas, S Das, S K Ray
We report a theoretical and experimental investigation of the hybrid heterostructure interfaces between atomically thin MoS2 nanocrystals (NCs) on Si platform for their potential applications towards next-generation electrical and optical devices. Mie theory-based numerical analysis and COMSOL simulations based on the finite element method have been utilized to study the optical absorption characteristics and light-matter interactions in variable-sized MoS2 NCs. The size-dependent absorption characteristics and the enhancement of electric field of the heterojunction in the UV-visible spectral range agree well with the experimental results...
February 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110629/clippers-and-the-need-for-long-term-immunosuppression
#7
Tarig M Abkur, Hugh Kearney, Michael J Hennessy
Chronic Lymphocytic Inflammation with Pontine Perivascular Enhancement Responsive to Steroids (CLIPPERS) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. Herein, we describe the case of a 62-year-old female who presented with right sided facial tingling, gait ataxia and diplopia. Neuroimaging revealed pontine curvilinear enhancing lesions with extension into cerebellar peduncles, characteristic of CLIPPERS. This report discusses the differential diagnosis and the importance of prolonged immunomodulatory treatment for this rare neuro-inflammatory disorder...
February 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040603/portable-x-ray-fluorescence-for-the-analysis-of-chromium-in-nail-and-nail-clippings
#8
David E B Fleming, Chris S Ware
Assessment of chromium content in human nail or nail clippings could serve as an effective biomarker of chromium status. The feasibility of a new portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) approach to chromium measurement was investigated through analysis of nail and nail clipping phantoms. Five measurements of 180s (real time) duration were first performed on six whole nail phantoms having chromium concentrations of 0, 2, 5, 10, 15, and 20µg/g. Using nail clippers, these phantoms were then converted to nail clippings, and assembled into different mass groups of 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100mg for additional measurements...
March 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030873/-mr-image-findings-in-clippers
#9
REVIEW
Anja Oergel, Marius Horger, Antje Bornemann, Till-Karsten Hauser, Benjamin Bender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990009/distribution-of-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-mrcops-in-a-surgical-unit-and-cystotomy-operation-sites-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#10
Punpichaya Fungwithaya, Pasakorn Brikshavana, Pattrarat Chanchaithong, Nuvee Prapasarakul
This study aimed to investigate the spread of methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (MRCoPS) among veterinary staff, hand-touch sites and surgical tissue during cystotomy operations on cats and dogs that were patients, and to analyze the genetic relatedness and antimicrobial resistance profiles of the isolates. Human and environmental samples were obtained from the nasal passageways of 12 surgeons and veterinary assistants and from 29 hand-touch sites of instruments in operative units and subjected to bacterial isolation and enumeration...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903311/comparison-of-neural-histomorphology-in-tail-tips-from-pigs-docked-using-clippers-or-cautery-iron
#11
N J Kells, N J Beausoleil, C B Johnson, M A Sutherland, R S Morrison, W Roe
Tail docking of pigs is commonly performed to reduce the incidence of unwanted tail-biting behaviour. Two docking methods are commonly used: blunt trauma cutting (i.e. using side clippers), or cutting and concurrent cauterisation using a hot cautery iron. A potential consequence of tail amputation is the development of neuromas at the docking site. Neuromas have been linked to neuropathic pain, which can influence the longer-term welfare of affected individuals. To determine whether method of tail docking influences the extent of neuroma formation, 75 pigs were allocated to one of three treatments at birth: tail docked using clippers; tail docked using cautery iron; tail left intact...
December 1, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872031/penile-prosthesis-infections-a-review-of-risk-factors-prevention-and%C3%A2-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Miguel Pineda, Arthur L Burnett
INTRODUCTION: Inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) surgery has been performed for more than 40 years. IPP infection rates have decreased owing to advances in manufacturing and surgical technique but have remained a devastating complication. AIMS: To describe the pathophysiology of infections, examine evidence associating clinical risk factors with IPP infection, assess the benefit of techniques aimed at preventing and managing infection, and discuss future directions...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861371/chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-clippers-with-intracranial-epstein-barr-virus-infection-a-case-report
#13
Yue Ma, Xiaolong Sun, Wen Li, Yi Li, Tao Kang, Xiai Yang, Wen Jiang
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is an inflammatory disorder in the central nervous system (CNS) with distinct clinical, radiological, and pathological features. The pathophysiology of CLIPPERS still remains unclear and the reports are quite few. Although the radiological lesions were reported to be located predominantly in the pons, brachium pontis, and cerebellum, other adjacent structures such as the white matter and spinal cord were very recently reported as involved regions in CLIPPERS...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711967/augmented-repair-of-an-achilles-tendon-rupture-using-the-flexor-digitorum-lateralis-tendon-in-a-toy-poodle
#14
Masaaki Katayama
OBJECTIVE: To report appositional augmentation of Achilles tendon rupture in a toy breed dog with an intact flexor digitorum lateralis (FDL) muscle tendon. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: Two-year-old spayed female Toy Poodle with Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: The Achilles tendon was accidentally ruptured by hair clippers during grooming. The dog demonstrated a plantigrade stance without digital flexion of the right hind limb...
November 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687471/impact-of-hair-removal-on-surgical-site-infection-rates-a-prospective-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#15
Todd J Kowalski, Shanu N Kothari, Michelle A Mathiason, Andrew J Borgert
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial prevention efforts, surgical site infections (SSIs) remain the most common health care-associated infection. It is unclear whether the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendation to leave hair intact preoperatively reduces SSIs. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, prospective, randomized, clinical trial was conducted from October 2009 to February 2015 in a 325-bed multispecialty, tertiary care teaching hospital to test the noninferiority of clipping hair to no hair removal in the prevention of SSIs...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673085/poster-330-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-clippers-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Gilbert Siu, Don Vongviphut, Megha Mandalaywala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667491/-clippers-chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids
#17
REVIEW
Shinichi Kan
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) has been recently identified as an inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) disorder. Punctate and curvilinear gadolinium enhancement (peppering) the pons is a characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) feature of CLIPPERS. Pathogenesis of this disorder remains unknown. A specific serum or cerebrospinal fluid biomarker for this disorder is currently unknown. Whether CLIPPERS is an actual new disease or just represents overlapping symptoms from multiple diseases is still debated...
September 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659721/classification-and-regression-tree-cart-analysis-to-predict-influenza-in-primary-care-patients
#18
Richard K Zimmerman, G K Balasubramani, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Heather Eng, Leonard Urbanski, Michael L Jackson, Lisa A Jackson, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia, Arnold S Monto, Ryan E Malosh, Manjusha Gaglani, Lydia Clipper, Brendan Flannery, Stephen R Wisniewski
BACKGROUND: The use of neuraminidase-inhibiting anti-viral medication to treat influenza is relatively infrequent. Rapid, cost-effective methods for diagnosing influenza are needed to enable appropriate prescribing. Multi-viral respiratory panels using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to diagnose influenza are accurate but expensive and more time-consuming than low sensitivity rapid influenza tests. Influenza clinical decision algorithms are both rapid and inexpensive, but most are based on regression analyses that do not account for higher order interactions...
September 22, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559963/horizontal-eyeball-akinesia-as-an-initial-manifestation-of-clippers-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
REVIEW
Xiaohe Hou, Xiaoke Wang, Bo Xie, Weihong Lin, Jun Liu, Dihui Ma, Hong-Liang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder in the central nervous system (CNS), which is characterized by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance with punctate and curvilinear gadolinium enhancement "peppering" the pons. Lesions of CLIPPERS mainly involve the pons and the cerebellum. Adjacent structures such as the medulla and the midbrain may also be involved. It is proposed that CLIPPERS is an immune-mediated inflammatory condition characteristic of T-cell-predominant infiltrates and good responsiveness to corticosteroids...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527578/de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-and-analysis-of-differentially-expressed-genes-of-two-barley-genotypes-reveal-root-zone-specific-responses-to-salt-exposure
#20
Camilla Beate Hill, Andrew Cassin, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Monika S Doblin, Antony Bacic, Ute Roessner
Plant roots are the first organs sensing and responding to salinity stress, manifested differentially between different root types, and also at the individual tissue and cellular level. High genetic diversity and the current lack of an assembled map-based sequence of the barley genome severely limit barley research potential. We used over 580 and 600 million paired-end reads, respectively, to create two de novo assemblies of a barley landrace (Sahara) and a malting cultivar (Clipper) with known contrasting responses to salinity...
2016: Scientific Reports
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