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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019413/instrumentation-for-testing-whether-the-icy-moons-of-the-gas-and-ice-giants-are-inhabited
#1
Julian Chela-Flores
Evidence of life beyond Earth may be closer than we think, given that the forthcoming missions to the Jovian system will be equipped with instruments capable of probing Europa's icy surface for possible biosignatures, including chemical biomarkers, despite the strong radiation environment. Geochemical biomarkers may also exist beyond Europa on icy moons of the gas giants. Sulfur is proposed as a reliable geochemical biomarker for approved and forthcoming missions to the outer solar system. Key Words: JUICE mission-Clipper mission-Geochemical biomarkers-Europa-Moons of the ice giants-Geochemistry-Mass spectrometry...
October 11, 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987176/immune-mediated-disorders
#2
Romana Höftberger, Hans Lassmann
Paraneoplastic and autoimmune encephalitis comprise a group of immune-mediated disorders that are associated with different immune effector mechanisms. Classic paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes are triggered by an antitumor immune response. The disease is considered to result from a T-cell response; in addition, patients harbour high titers of autoantibodies against intracellular antigens that are considered as epiphenomenon but are useful diagnostic markers. Neuropathology consists of T-cell-dominated inflammation, marked neuronal loss, and microglial activation with upregulation of HLA-DR...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922240/an-efficient-method-for-hair-containment-during-head-and-neck-surgery
#3
Nicola Zingaretti, Fabrizio De Biasio, Michele Riccio, Andrea Marchesi, Pier Camillo Parodi
The authors present a simple technique for operations around hair-bearing areas such as during a rhytidectomy. Hair surrounding the surgical field is twisted into bundles and clipped with duckbill clips. The authors repeat the procedure for each strand of hair. Between 5 and 7 duckbill clips may be required per surgery.The clippers are faster, easily applicable, and well performing. They can be used with different hair lengths, and they do not require any additional trimming or shaving; clips also keep the hair firmly in place, and they do not loosen up in the process...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919125/multi-institution-analysis-of-infection-control-practices-identifies-the-subset-associated-with-best-surgical-site-infection-performance-a-texas-alliance-for-surgical-quality-collaborative-project
#4
Catherine H Davis, Lillian S Kao, Jason B Fleming, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce surgical site infection (SSI) rates, a large number of infection control practices (ICPs), including operating room attire policies, have been recommended. However, few have proven benefits and many are costly, time-consuming, and detrimental to provider morale. The goal of this multi-institution study was to determine which ICPs are associated with lower postoperative SSI rates. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty American College of Surgeons NSQIP and Texas Alliance for Surgical Quality-affiliated hospitals completed this Quality Improvement Assessment Board-approved study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901669/automating-tasks-in-protein-structure-determination-with-the-clipper-python-module
#5
Stuart McNicholas, Tristan Croll, Tom Burnley, Colin M Palmer, Soon Wen Hoh, Huw T Jenkins, Eleanor Dodson, Kevin Cowtan, Jon Agirre
Scripting programming languages provide the fastest means of prototyping complex functionality. Those with a syntax and grammar resembling human language also greatly enhance the maintainability of the produced source code. Furthermore, the combination of a powerful, machine-independent scripting language with binary libraries tailored for each computer architecture allows programs to break free from the tight boundaries of efficiency traditionally associated with scripts. In the present work, we describe how an efficient C++ crystallographic library such as Clipper can be wrapped, adapted and generalised for use in both crystallographic and electron cryo-microscopy applications, scripted with the Python language...
September 13, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817579/the-link-between-bond-forfeiture-and-pretrial-release-mechanism-the-case-of-dallas-county-texas
#6
Stephen J Clipper, Robert G Morris, Amanda Russell-Kaplan
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of four pretrial jail release mechanisms (i.e., bond types) commonly used during the pretrial phase of the criminal justice process in terms of their ability to discriminate between defendants failing to appear in court (i.e., bond forfeiture). These include attorney bonds, cash bonds, commercial bail bonds, and release via a pretrial services agency. METHODS: A multi-treatment propensity score matching protocol was employed to assess between-release-mechanism differences in the conditional probability of failure to appear/bond forfeiture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811781/screening-of-adult-dental-patients-visiting-khyber-college-of-dentistry-peshawar-for-hbv-and-hcv-infections-and-identifying-the-associated-risk-factors
#7
Jamila Haider, Ghosia Lufullah, Rubina Nazli, Tasleem Akhtar, Asma Shah
OBJECTIVE: To screen out adult patients for HBV and HCV infections visiting Khyber College of Dentistry Peshawar (KCD) for different dental treatments and to identify the associated risk factors. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar in the year 2013. A total of 1540 patients >15 years, visiting KCD for seeking different dental treatments were screened for hepatitis B & C. Informed consent was taken before blood collection and filling of a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769936/genetic-mapping-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-yield-affecting-traits-in-a-barley-doubled-haploid-population-derived-from-clipper-%C3%A3-sahara-3771
#8
Fatemeh Vafadar Shamasbi, Seyed Hossein Jamali, Behzad Sadeghzadeh, Babak Abdollahi Mandoulakani
Many traits play essential roles in determining crop yield. Wide variation for morphological traits exists in Hordeum vulgare L., but the genetic basis of this morphological variation is largely unknown. To understand genetic basis controlling morphological traits affecting yield, a barley doubled haploid population (146 individuals) derived from Clipper × Sahara 3771 was used to map chromosome regions underlying days to awn appearance, plant height, fertile spike number, flag leaf length, spike length, harvest index, seed number per plant, thousands kernel weight, and grain yield...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750212/cortisol-concentration-of-regrown-hair-and-hair-from-a-previously-unshorn-area-in-dairy-cows
#9
Ueli Braun, Nicolas Michel, Markus R Baumgartner, Michael Hässig, Tina Maria Binz
This study determined cortisol concentrations in hair that had grown for one month and in hair from a previously unshorn area and examined the effects of calendar month, pregnancy and illness on hair cortisol concentrations in dairy cows. The study was conducted over a one-year period using 27 cows. Electric clippers were used to collect two hair samples per cow each month. The first sample (A sample) consisted of hair that had grown for one month in a pre-clipped area and the second sample (B sample) comprised all hair from a previously unshorn area...
July 9, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726127/clippers
#10
REVIEW
Nicholas L Zalewski, W Oliver Tobin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a recently described treatable, inflammatory, brainstem predominant encephalomyelitis. The diagnosis of CLIPPERS is challenging without a specific biomarker, and thus it is important to consider if both the clinical and radiographic features are consistent with the diagnosis, or rather a disease mimicker. RECENT FINDINGS: Many patients with CLIPPERS-like lesions have been described in the literature with follow-up revealing a range of alternative diagnoses, such as malignancies, vasculitis, and other specific inflammatory diseases...
September 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690864/surgical-site-infections-after-cesarean-delivery-epidemiology-prevention-and-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Tetsuya Kawakita, Helain J Landy
Cesarean delivery (CD) is one of the most common procedures performed in the United States, accounting for 32% of all deliveries. Postpartum surgical site infection (SSI), wound infection and endometritis is a major cause of prolonged hospital stay and poses a burden to the health care system. SSIs complicate a significant number of patients who undergo CD - 2-7% will experience sound infections and 2-16% will develop endometritis. Many risk factors for SSI have been described. These include maternal factors (such as tobacco use; limited prenatal care; obesity; corticosteroid use; nulliparity; twin gestations; and previous CD), intrapartum and operative factors (such as chorioamnionitis; premature rupture of membranes; prolonged rupture of membranes; prolonged labor, particularly prolonged second stage; large incision length; subcutaneous tissue thickness > 3 cm; subcutaneous hematoma; lack of antibiotic prophylaxis; emergency delivery; and excessive blood loss), and obstetrical care on the teaching service of an academic institution...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685649/misdiagnosis-cns-erdheim-chester-disease-mimicking-clippers
#12
Jillian Berkman, Caleb Ford, Emily Johnson, Beth A Malow, Joseph M Aulino
Introduction Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is an inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) disorder with particular involvement of the pons. Diagnostic criteria include a range of clinical symptoms related to the underlying brainstem pathology, visible with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI findings include the appearance of punctuate and curvilinear gadolinium enhancement 'peppering' the pons. We discuss a patient presenting with clinical and radiographic characteristics of CLIPPERS who was diagnosed with Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD)...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637935/a-case-of-chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-clippers-with-the-largest-lesion-in-the-temporal-lobe
#13
Hiraku Matsuura, Naoki Makita, Ryotaro Ishii, Yasuko Fujita, Yuichi Furuno, Toshiki Mizuno
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system with a predilection for the hindbrain. Generally, lesions decrease in size with increasing distance from the hindbrain. We herein describe a case of CLIPPERS in a patient showing the largest lesions in the temporal lobe. A 49-year-old man consulted to our hospital with a 22-day history of a high fever and an abnormal visual field involving the left eye...
July 29, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612641/psychosocial-correlates-of-cortisol-levels-in-fingernails-among-middle-aged-workers
#14
Shuhei Izawa, Ko Matsudaira, Keiichi Miki, Mayumi Arisaka, Masao Tsuchiya
It was recently suggested that cortisol levels in fingernails reflect cumulative hormone exposure over a relatively long period. This exploratory study cross-sectionally investigated the relationships between fingernail cortisol level and psychosocial stress in a sample of middle-aged workers (94 men and 29 women). The participants were asked to grow their fingernails for ∼2 weeks and then provide fingernail samples from every digit by using nail clippers. Further, they completed questionnaires for assessment of exposure to psychosocial stress in the past (stressful life events in the workplace in the previous year; e...
June 29, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589049/chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-with-cranial-and-caudal-extension
#15
Mahmood Mubasher, Aseel Sukik, Ahmed Hassan El Beltagi, Ali Rahil
A 23-year-old lady presented with vertigo and imbalance in walking, blurring of vision, diplopia, and headache, in addition to numbness in the lower limbs over a period of six days. On examination patient had nystagmus, ataxia, positive Romberg test, and hyperreflexia. MRI examination of the brain and spinal cord showed evidence of faint bright signal intensity foci in T2/FLAIR involving bilateral cerebral hemispheres, subcortical deep white matter, bilateral thalami, posterior pons and left brachium pontis, and basal ganglia, with small nodular enhancement that aligned along curvilinear structures; those lesions also were apparent along the spinal cord at multiple levels...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498205/in-the-toolbox-the-dual-action-nail-clipper
#16
Khatiya Chelidze, Shari R Lipner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412163/electroencephalographic-responses-of-anaesthetized-pigs-sus-scrofa-to-tail-docking-using-clippers-or-cautery-iron-performed-at-2-or-20-days-of-age
#17
Nikki J Kells, Ngaio J Beausoleil, J Paul Chambers, Mhairi A Sutherland, Rebecca S Morrison, Craig B Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To compare electroencephalographic (EEG) responses of pigs to tail docking using clippers or cautery iron, performed at 2 or 20 days of age. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised controlled experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of 40 Large White x Landrace entire male pigs aged 2 (n=20) or 20 (n=20) days were randomly assigned to undergo tail docking using clippers or cautery iron. METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with halothane delivered in oxygen...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386850/therapeutic-approaches-in-clippers
#18
REVIEW
Guillaume Taieb, Thibaut Allou, Pierre Labauge
CLIPPERS for chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids, is a steroid-sensitive and steroid-dependent brainstem inflammatory disease of unknown origin. Since its first description in 2010, about 60 cases have been reported throughout the world. The mean age at onset is 50 years and men seem to be more frequently affected. In patients without chronic corticosteroid therapy or immunosuppressive agents, the disease had a relapsing remitting course, and the mean annualized relapse rate was 0...
May 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376988/improving-nursing-home-compliance-via-revised-antipsychotic-use-survey-tool
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Linda L Bach, Donald L Lazzaretto, Clipper F Young, Paul W Lofholm
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of using a pharmacist-initiated antipsychotic use survey tool on improving nursing home compliance for appropriate antipsychotic use in patients with dementia. DESIGN: Prospective chart review study. SETTING: Two nursing homes in Marin County, California. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents diagnosed with dementia and receiving antipsychotic medication. INTERVENTION: Pharmacist performing survey tool screening for appropriate antipsychotic use based on Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services guidelines and using information from the survey tool as part of the pharmacist recommendations to the prescriber...
April 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284348/chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-clippers-a-lymphocytic-reactive-response-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-case-report
#20
Xiaolin Wang, Dehui Huang, Xusheng Huang, Jiatang Zhang, Ye Ran, Xin Lou, Qiuping Gui, Shengyuan Yu
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroid (CLIPPERS) was first described in 2010. The characteristic clinical picture, radiological distribution and steroid response have been well-described in previous reports. However, the underlying pathogenesis and nosological position of CLIPPERS in the CNS require further investigation for the primary CNS lymphoma have been identified by autopsy subsequently. Here, we report a 51-year-old woman who was diagnosed with CLIPPERS but progressed to primary CNS lymphomatoid granulomatosis, which supports that CLIPPERS is not just an inflammatory CNS disorder...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
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