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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149750/friends-or-foes-monetized-life-cycle-assessment-and-cost-benefit-analysis-of-the-site-remediation-of-a-former-gas-plant
#1
Lies Huysegoms, Sandra Rousseau, Valérie Cappuyns
Site contamination is a global concern because of the potential risks for human health and ecosystem quality. Every contaminated site has its own specific characteristics and the increased availability and efficiency of remediation techniques makes the choice of remediation alternative increasingly complicated. In this paper an attributional Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the secondary environmental impacts of a site remediation is performed and its results are monetized using two different monetization techniques, namely Stepwise 2006 and Ecovalue 08...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149674/the-impact-of-operational-strategies-on-the-performance-of-a-photo-ebpr-system
#2
V C F Carvalho, E B Freitas, P J Silva, J C Fradinho, M A M Reis, A Oehmen
A novel Phototrophic - Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (Photo-EBPR) system, consisting of a consortium of photosynthetic organisms and polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs), was studied in this work. A sequencing batch reactor was fed with a mixture of acetate and propionate (75%-25%) and subjected to dark/light cycles in order to select a photo-EBPR system containing PAOs and photosynthetic organisms, the latter likely providers of oxygen to the system. The results from the selection period (stage 1) showed that the photo-EBPR culture was capable of performing P release in the dark and P uptake in the presence of light, under limited oxygen concentrations...
November 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149567/preparation-of-lithium-titanate-reduced-graphene-oxide-composites-with-3d-fishnet-like-conductive-structure-via-a-gas-foaming-method-for-high-rate-lithium-ion-batteries
#3
Tao Meng, Fenyun Yi, Honghong Cheng, Junnan Hao, Dong Shu, Shixu Zhao, Chun He, Xiaona Song, Fan Zhang
Using ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) as the pore-forming agent, three-dimensional (3D) "fishnet-like" lithium titanate/reduced graphene oxide (LTO/G) composites with hierarchical porous structure are prepared via a gas-foaming method. SEM and TEM images show that in the composite prepared with the NH4Cl concentration of 1 mg mL-1 (1-LTO/G), LTO particles with sizes of 50~100 nm disperse homogeneously on the 3D "fishnet-like" graphene sheets. The nitrogen-sorption analyses reveal the existence of micro/mesopores, which is attributed to the introduction of NH4Cl into the gap between the graphene sheets that further decomposes into gases and produces hierarchical pores during the thermal treatment process...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149553/cobalt-sulfide-quantum-dots-embedded-n-s-doped-carbon-nanosheets-with-superior-reversibility-and-rate-capability-for-sodium-ion-batteries
#4
Qiubo Guo, Yifan Ma, Tingting Chen, Qiuying Xia, Mei Yang, Hui Xia, Yan Yu
Metal sulfides are promising anode materials for sodium-ion batteries due to their large specific capacities. The practical application of metal sulfides in sodium-ion batteries, however, are still limited due to their large volume expansion, poor cycling stability, and sluggish electrode kinetics. In this work, a unique two-dimensional heterostructure of CoSx (CoS and Co9S8) quantum dots embedded N/S-doped carbon nanosheets (CoSx@NSC) is prepared by a facile sol-gel method. The CoSx quantum dots are in-situ formed within ultrafine carbon nanosheets without further sulfidation, thus resulting in ultrafine CoSx particle size and embedded heterostructure...
November 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149445/the-influences-of-separators-on-capacitive-deionization-systems-in-the-cycle-of-adsorption-and-desorption
#5
Qihan Yao, Zhou Shi, Qingqing Liu, Zhengyang Gu, Ruihuan Ning
This research focused on the influence of different separator compartments on the performance of capacitive deionization (CDI) cells in terms of brackish water treatment. For comparison, different separators including filter paper(FP), carbon nanotube (CNT), and stainless steel fiber (SSF) on deionization and desorption rate of salt were examined. The best performance was obtained when the CNT separator was packed, followed by SSF and FP. Reducing the cell voltage from 1.2 to 0.4 V decreased the salt removal and electrode regeneration rate of SSF-CDI...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149213/optimal-design-and-control-of-an-electromechanical-transfemoral-prosthesis-with-energy-regeneration
#6
Farbod Rohani, Hanz Richter, Antonie J van den Bogert
In this paper, we present the design of an electromechanical above-knee active prosthesis with energy storage and regeneration. The system consists of geared knee and ankle motors, parallel springs for each motor, an ultracapacitor, and controllable four-quadrant power converters. The goal is to maximize the performance of the system by finding optimal controls and design parameters. A model of the system dynamics was developed, and used to solve a combined trajectory and design optimization problem. The objectives of the optimization were to minimize tracking error relative to human joint motions, as well as energy use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149173/trade-off-and-flexibility-in-the-dynamic-regulation-of-the-cullin-ring-ubiquitin-ligase-repertoire
#7
Ronny Straube, Meera Shah, Dietrich Flockerzi, Dieter A Wolf
Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRLs) catalyze the ubiquitylation of substrates many of which are degraded by the 26S proteasome. Their modular architecture enables recognition of numerous substrates via exchangeable substrate receptors that competitively bind to a cullin scaffold with high affinity. Due to the plasticity of these interactions there is ongoing uncertainty how cells maintain a flexible CRL repertoire in view of changing substrate loads. Based on a series of in vivo and in vitro studies, different groups proposed that the exchange of substrate receptors is mediated by a protein exchange factor named Cand1...
November 17, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149105/lgr5-expression-is-regulated-by-egf-in-early-colorectal-adenomas-and-governs-egfr-inhibitor-sensitivity
#8
R G Morgan, E Mortensson, D N Legge, B Gupta, T J Collard, A Greenhough, A C Williams
BACKGROUND: LGR5 serves as a co-receptor for Wnt/β-catenin signalling and marks normal intestinal stem cells; however, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains controversial. LGR5(+) cells are known to exist outside the stem cell niche during CRC progression, and the requirement for epidermal growth factor (EGF) signalling within early adenomas remains to be fully elucidated. METHODS: Epidermal growth factor and gefitinib treatments were performed in EGF-responsive LGR5(+) early adenoma RG/C2 cells...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149089/mnsod-and-cyclin-b1-coordinate-a-mito-checkpoint-during-cell-cycle-response-to-oxidative-stress
#9
Amanda L Kalen, Iman M Ahmad, Maher Y Abdalla, Yunxia Q O'Malley, Prabhat C Goswami, Ehab H Sarsour
Communication between the nucleus and mitochondrion could coordinate many cellular processes. While the mechanisms regulating this communication are not completely understood, we hypothesize that cell cycle checkpoint proteins coordinate the cross-talk between nuclear and mitochondrial functions following oxidative stress. Human normal skin fibroblasts, representative of the G₂-phase, were irradiated with 6 Gy of ionizing radiation and assayed for cyclin B1 translocation, mitochondrial function, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and cytotoxicity...
November 17, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149065/calcined-chitosan-supported-layered-double-hydroxides-an-efficient-and-recyclable-adsorbent-for-the-removal-of-fluoride-from-an-aqueous-solution
#10
Hanjun Wu, Huali Zhang, Qingxue Yang, Dongsheng Wang, Weijun Zhang, Xiaofang Yang
In this work, calcined chitosan-supported layered double hydroxides (CSLDO) were synthesized through a co-precipitation method that restrained the particles' aggregation of LDHs and exhibited huge specific surface areas, which can enhance the fluoride adsorption capacity. CSLDOs were characterized by physical and chemical methods and used for fluoride adsorption in an aqueous solution. The results indicated that the nanoparticles were constructed first and then assembled to form a porous and layered structure, and chitosan-supported layered double hydroxides (CSLDHs) calcined at 400 °C (CSLDO400) showed the highest specific surface area of 116...
November 17, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148768/the-cyanopivaloyl-ester-in-the-automated-solid-phase-synthesis-of-oligorhamnans
#11
Anne Geert Volbeda, Jeanine van Mechelen, Nico Meeuwenoord, Herman S Overkleeft, Gijsbert A van der Marel, Jeroen D C Codée
The development of effective protecting group chemistry is an important driving force behind the progress in the synthesis of complex oligosaccharides. Automated solid phase oligosaccharide synthesis is an attractive technique for the rapid assembly of oligosaccharides build up of repetitive elements. The fact that (harsh) reagents are used in excess in multiple reaction cycles make this technique extra demanding on the protecting groups used. Here, the synthesis of a set of oligorhamnan fragments is reported using the cyanopivaloyl (PivCN) ester, to ensure effective neighboring group participation during the glycosylation events...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148727/substrate-assisted-in-situ-confinement-pyrolysis-of-zeolitic-imidazolate-frameworks-to-nitrogen-doped-hierarchical-porous-carbon-nanoframes-with-superior-lithium-storage
#12
Wei Tian, Jialiang Liu, Yixian Wang, Jingyan Liu, Yanpeng Li, Mingbo Wu
Porous carbons generated from the direct pyrolysis of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have showed great potential as a kind of promising electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, several common drawbacks, such as the inevitable structural damage during carbonization process and intrinsic micropore-dominated feature of MOFs-derived products, largely impede the exposure of active sites and mass transfer, thus usually resulting in inferior electrochemical performances. In this work, an effective and controllable approach was reported to construct nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon nanoframes (N-HPCFs) through in situ pyrolysis transformation of small-sized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) that are in advance combined with a two-dimensional substrate templated from g-C3N4...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148701/metal-organic-framework-derived-metal-oxide-embedded-in-nitrogen-doped-graphene-network-for-high-performance-lithium-ion-batteries
#13
Zhu-Yin Sui, Pei-Ying Zhang, Meng-Ying Xu, Yuwen Liu, Zhi-Xiang Wei, Bao-Hang Han
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are hybrid inorganic-organic materials that can be used as effective precursors to prepare various functional nanomaterials for energy-related applications. Nevertheless, most MOF-derived metal oxides exhibit low electrical conductivity and mechanical strain. These characteristics limit their electrochemical performance and hamper their practical application. Herein, we report a rational strategy for enhancing the lithium storage performance of MOF-derived metal oxide. The hierarchically porous Co3O4@NGN is successfully prepared by embedding ZIF-67-derived Co3O4 particles in a nitrogen-doped graphene network (NGN)...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148697/synthesis-of-hierarchical-sisal-like-v2o5-with-exposed-stable-001-facets-as-long-life-cathode-materials-for-advanced-lithium-ion-batteries
#14
Naiteng Wu, Wuzhou Du, Guilong Liu, Zhan Zhou, Hong-Ru Fu, Qianqian Tang, Xianming Liu, Yan-Bing He
Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is considered a promising cathode material for advanced lithium-ion batteries due to its high specific capacity and low cost. However, the application of V2O5-based electrodes has been hindered by their inferior conductivity, cycling stability and power performance. Herein, hierarchical sisal-like V2O5 microstructures consisting of primary one-dimension (1D) nanobelt with [001] facets orientation growth and rich oxygen vacancies are synthesized through a facile hydrothermal process using polyoxyethylene-20-cetyl-ether as surface control agent, and followed by calcination...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148695/a-high-thermal-and-air-stability-cathode-material-with-concentration-gradient-buffer-for-li-ion-batteries
#15
Ji-Lei Shi, Ran Qi, Xu-Dong Zhang, Peng-Fei Wang, Weigui Fu, Ya-Xia Yin, Jian Xu, Li-Jun Wan, Yu-Guo Guo
Delivery of high-capacity with high thermal and air stability is a great challenge in developing of Ni-rich layered cathodes for commercialized Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Herein we present a surface concentration-gradient spherical particle with varying elemental composition from the outer end LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 (NCM) to the inner end LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA). This cathode material with the merit of NCM concentration-gradient protective buffer and the inner NCA core shows high capacity retention of 99.8% after 200 cycles at 0...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148629/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-improves-cycling-performance-carried-out-until-the-volitional-exhaustion
#16
Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi, Ylana Gomes de Santana Barros Leal, Edson R Pinheiro Dos Anjos, Bruna A Antonelli, Daniela C Gomes Gonçalves E Silva, Iracema H Pires de Mélo Montenegro, Rita di Cássia de Oliveira Angelo, Isis S Correia Moura, Paulo A Schwingel
BACKGROUND: Carbohydrates (CHO) are among the most investigated nutritional ergogenic aids, and may be consumed in different forms, e.g., mouth rinse with carbohydrate solution (MRCS). In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of MRCS on the performance of physically active individuals undergoing a physical exercise session carried out until the volitional exhaustion. METHODS: This is a counter-balanced randomized study, with a double-blind design...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148586/a-dynamic-ultrasound-simulation-of-a-pulsating-three-layered-cca-for-validation-of-2d-wall-motion-and-blood-velocity-estimation-algorithms
#17
Xiao Hu, Yufeng Zhang, Guanghui Cai, Kexin Zhang, Li Deng, Lian Gao, Suya Han, Jianhua Chen
PURPOSE: A dynamic ultrasound simulation model for the common carotid artery (CCA) with three arterial layers for validation of 2D wall motion and blood velocity estimation algorithms is proposed in present study. This model describes layers with not only characteristics of echo distributions conforming to clinical ones, but also varying thicknesses, axial and radial displacements with pulsatile blood pressure during a cardiac cycle. METHODS: The modeling process is as follows: first, a geometrical model according with the clinical structure size of a CCA is built based on the preset layer thicknesses and the diameter of lumen...
November 17, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148135/cadence-tracking-and-disturbance-rejection-in-functional-electrical-stimulation-cycling-for-paraplegic-subjects-a-case-study
#18
Lucas O da Fonseca, Antônio P L Bó, Juliana A Guimarães, Miguel E Gutierrez, Emerson Fachin-Martins
Functional electrical stimulation cycling has been proposed as an assistive technology with numerous health and fitness benefits for people with spinal cord injury, such as improvement in cardiovascular function, increase in muscular mass, and reduction of bone mass loss. However, some limitations, for example, lack of optimal control strategies that would delay fatigue, may still prevent this technology from achieving its full potential. In this work, we performed experiments on a person with complete spinal cord injury using a stationary tadpole trike when both cadence tracking and disturbance rejection were evaluated...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147922/the-effect-of-head-to-head-competition-on-behavioural-thermoregulation-thermophysiological-strain-and-performance-during-exercise-in-the-heat
#19
Jo Corbett, Danny K White, Martin J Barwood, Christopher R D Wagstaff, Michael J Tipton, Terry McMorris, Joseph T Costello
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that pacing is a thermoregulatory behaviour. We investigated the effect of competition on pacing, performance and thermophysiological strain during exercise in the heat and the psychological factors mediating competition effects. METHOD: Eighteen males (maximum oxygen uptake [V O 2max] 3.69 [0.44] L min(-1)) undertook a preliminary 20-km cool (wet-bulb globe temperature [WBGT] 12 °C) cycling time trial (TT) and three experimental 20-km trials (balanced order): (i) cool TT (CoolSolo); (ii) hot (WBGT 26 °C) TT (HotSolo); (iii) hot head-to-head competition (HotH2H)...
November 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147854/nolan-a-randomized-phase-2-study-to-estimate-the-effect-of-prophylactic-naproxen-or-loratadine-vs-no-prophylactic-treatment-on-bone-pain-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-and-pegfilgrastim
#20
Jeffrey J Kirshner, Maxwell C McDonald, Flavio Kruter, Andrew S Guinigundo, Linda Vanni, Cathy L Maxwell, Maureen Reiner, Terry E Upchurch, Jacob Garcia, Phuong Khanh Morrow
PURPOSE: Mild-to-moderate bone pain is a commonly reported adverse event (AE) associated with pegfilgrastim. We evaluated the effect of prophylactic naproxen or loratadine vs no prophylactic treatment on pegfilgrastim-associated bone pain. METHODS: In this open-label study (NCT01712009), women ≥ 18 years of age with newly diagnosed stage I-III breast cancer and an ECOG performance status ≤ 2 who were planning ≥ 4 cycles of adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy with pegfilgrastim support starting in cycle 1 were randomized 1:1:1 to receive naproxen, loratadine, or no treatment to prevent pegfilgrastim-associated bone pain...
November 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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