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Ramdomized controlled trial

H-W Oh, J-H Lee, H-C Kim, E-H Kim, I-K Song, H-S Kim, J-T Kim
We have evaluated the effect of a colloid solution on acute kidney injury in paediatric cardiac surgery. A total of 195 patients were ramdomly divided into an hydroxyethyl starch group and a control group. In the starch group, 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (Volulyte® ) was used as the primary fluid for volume resuscitation but was limited to 30 . In the control group, only crystalloid fluid was used during the peri-operative period. The incidence of acute kidney injury, peri-operative transfusion, clinical outcomes and laboratory data were compared...
February 2018: Anaesthesia
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi
The effects of exercise and physical activity on cognitive function and brain health have been established by longitudinal and intervention studies. However, it is not clear whether exercise has positive effects on cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Further studies, including a ramdomized controlled trial with a larger sample size, are required to identify the effects of exercise and multicomponent intervention on cognitive function in the older adults with mild cognitive impairment...
July 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
A Ramos Luengo, F Asensio Merino, M S Castilla, E Alonso Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: Determine the best propofol pharmacokinetic model that meets patient requirements and is devoid of major haemodynamic side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective, randomised, open-label, clinical trial was performed on an intention to treat basis. It included 280 patients with ASA physical status i-iii, aged 18 to 80 years and weight range between 45 to 100kg, scheduled for surgery under general anaesthesia. They were randomized into 2 groups according to the pharmacokinetic model: Modified Marsh group and Schnider group...
November 2015: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Sahaphol Anannamcharoen, Piyapan Cheeranont, Chinnakrit Boonya-usadon
OBJECTIVE: To compare analgesic effectiveness, postoperative pain, complications, and patients' satisfaction between two randomly allocated groups--one group that had local perianal nerve block and another group that had spinal block following closed hemorrhoidectomy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sixty-seven patients underwent elective hemorrhoidectomy. Of these, 33 were randomly allocated to receive spinal anesthesia (SA) while 34 received perianal local analgesia (LA) with bupivacaine...
December 2008: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
(no author information available yet)
The 'Consolidation of the standards of reporting trials' (CONSORT) statement was published in 1996. From that time on all manuscripts reporting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) submitted to JAMA, The Lancet or the British Medical Journal, must include a flow diagram and all the information in the CONSORT checklist. The Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (Dutch Journal of Medicine) will follow suit. The manuscripts must be accompanied by this checklist together with the page numbers where each item may be found...
May 9, 1998: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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