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congenial. Heart. Disease

Andrea Elizabeth Arriola-Lopez, M Elena Martinez-Perez, Maria Ana Martinez-Castellanos
PURPOSE: To report the retinal vascular features of preterm infants with congenital heart disease (CHD), lung disease (pulmonary hypertension [PH] and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD]), and ROP with plus disease to determine whether these disease entities are distinguishable on the basis of retinal vessel morphology. METHODS: The medical records of preterm infants with CHD, lung disease, and ROP with plus disease were reviewed retrospectively. Qualitative vascular findings were validated using computer-based software to analyze 25 representative images, each corresponding to one infant's eye...
December 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Nina A Guzzetta, Luis Zabala, Emad B Mossad
The Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society is an international body instituted for collaboration among parties with interest in the perioepartive care of patients with congenial heart disease. This report is a review and update on the first 12 years of this society.
December 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
O D Yagmurov, S N Litus
The acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) are ranked among the most widespread diseases affecting the children in the early infancy. They account for 60 to 85.4% of all infections recorded in the young children. AIM: The objective of the present study was to elucidate the peculiar features of the accumulation of the effector cells of the local immunity system and intercellular interplay in the broncho-vascular barrier of the breast-fed infants presenting with various ARVIs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We undertook the analysis of 32 cases of infections caused by influenza A and B viruses and of the adenovirus infection verified by the immunofluorescence assay...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Holly Wei, Cecelia I Roscigno, Kristen M Swanson
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with congenial heart disease (CHD) face frequent healthcare encounters due to their child's care trajectory. With an emphasis on assuring caring in healthcare, it is necessary to understand parents' perceptions of healthcare providers' actions when their child undergoes heart surgery. OBJECTIVES: To describe parents' perceptions of healthcare providers' actions when their child is diagnosed with CHD and undergoes heart surgery. METHODS: This is a qualitative study with in-depth interviews...
May 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Ze-Bang Lin, Hong-Bo Ci, Yan Li, Tian-Pu Cheng, Dong-Hong Liu, Yan-Sheng Wang, Jun Xu, Hao-Xiang Yuan, Hua-Ming Li, Jing Chen, Li Zhou, Zhi-Ping Wang, Xi Zhang, Zhi-Jun Ou, Jing-Song Ou
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are increased in mitral valve diseases and impair valvular endothelial cell function. Perioperative systemic inflammation is an important risk factor and complication of cardiac surgery. In this study, we investigate whether EMPs increase in congenital heart diseases to promote inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: The level of plasma EMPs in 20 patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), 23 patients with ventricular septal defect (VSD), and 30 healthy subjects were analyzed by flow cytometry...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Yue-Lin Sun, Yue-Qiang Fu, Hong-Tu Ma, Cheng-Jun Liu, Feng Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution and drug sensitivity of pathogens and risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in children with congenial heart disease (CAD) after surgery. METHODS: According to the occurrence of VAP, 312 children with CAD who received mechanical ventilation after surgery for 48 hours or longer between January 2012 and December 2014 were classified into VAP (n=53) and non-VAP groups (n=259). Sputum samples were collected and cultured for pathogens in children with VAP...
November 2015: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Ramesh Teegala
Intracranial dermoid cysts commonly present as a discharging sinus, local swelling, mass lesion, or abscess formation. These can sometimes be found in association with congenital anomalies. The author presents two original cases of infected posterior fossa dermoid associated with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) that is very rare. The embryologic basis for this unique occurrence is reviewed, and a new hypothesis proposed. Two infants with CHD presented with infected midline posterior fossa dermoid. Excision of the dermoid cyst with the sinus tract was performed...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Joseph D Tobias
Etomidate is an intravenous anesthetic agent released for clinical use in the United States in 1972. Its popularity in clinical practice is the result of its beneficial effects on intracerebral dynamics with limited effects on hemodynamic function. These properties have made it a safe and effective anesthetic induction agent in both adult and pediatric patients with altered myocardial performance, congenial heart disease, or hypovolemia. However, recent concern has been expressed regarding its effects on the endogenous production of corticosteroids and the impact of that effect on patient outcomes...
October 2015: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Shahnaz Pourarian, Bijan Khademi, Narjes Pishva, Ali Jamali
INTRODUCTION: Hearing is essential for humans to communicate with one another. Early diagnosis of hearing loss and intervention in neonates and infants can reduce developmental problems. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of hearing impairment in newborns admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and analyze the associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of hearing loss in neonates who were admitted to the NICU at Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences between January 2006 and January 2007...
2012: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Lei Shen, Xiao-Feng Li, A-Dong Shen, Qiang Wang, Cai-Xia Liu, Ya-Jie Guo, Zhen-Jiang Song, Zhong-Zhi Li
BACKGROUND: The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor HAND2 plays an essential role in cardiac morphogenesis. However, the prevalence of HAND2 mutations in congenial heart disease (CHD) and the correlation between the HAND2 genotype and CHD phenotype have not been studied extensively. METHODS: We amplified the exons and the flanking intron sequences of the HAND2 gene in 131 patients diagnosed with congenital defects of the right ventricle, outflow tract, aortic artery or cardiac cushion and confirmed the mutations by sequencing...
July 2010: Chinese Medical Journal
M Sánchez Luna, J Vázquez, D Blanco, R Greco, B Arias, J Cerdá, S Caballero, E Molina, M L Serrano, J C Agustín, M L Franco, R Sánchez, G Barrientos, R Romero
UNLABELLED: The attendance respiratory extracorporeal (AREC) is an oxygenation form for membrane extracorporeal with flow tidal and veno-venous cannula described by Chevalier et al. in 1990. We present our clinical experience so much with AREC in system veno-venous flow tidal as veno-arterial. From october of 1997 until the present time we have treated three patients by means AREC, in two patients with veno-venous system and in one veno-arterial. In all the cases bomb Collin-Cardio has been used with bladder for flow tidal and membrane of oxygenation of 0...
July 1999: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
J K Hon, M Jahangiri, U Pastorino
Respiratory compromise secondary to external vascular compression may complicate the course of infants and neonates undergoing repair of congeni tal heart disease. Management of such complications usually involves prolonged ventilatory support and even additional high-risk surgical procedures. In recent years, endobronchial placement of self-expanding stents became a realistic treatment option, although there is controversy as to which of the many stents available today give the best results. We report the first successful endobronchial placement of a self-expanding stent in a 4-week-old infant...
March 1999: Chest
J Ksiazyk, G Brezezińska-Rajszys, G Kowalik, J Walecki
Magnetic resonance imaging is the next in a succession of noninvasive methods for evaluation of the heart and great vessels after total correction in congenital heart disease and percutaneous interventional cardiology procedures. Between October 1994 to March 1995 we performed 28 magnetic resonance investigations in children after surgical treatment of coarctation of the aorta and after Senning, Rastelli and Fontan procedures. Five children after correction of coarctation of the aorta were qualified for balloon angioplasty...
March 1996: Pediatria Polska
G D Ruben, J M Templeton, M M Ziegler
Situs inversus (SI) complicating neonatal bowel obstruction presents a challenging complex, and to facilitate rational decision making for treatment, we have reviewed 23 cases of abdominal SI seen in our hospital over the last 25 years. Preoperative roentgenographic studies most always predicted SI, the specific patient groups including: 12 abdominal SI with dextrocardia, 10 abdominal SI with levocardia, and 1 with partial heterotaxia. Major intraabdominal anomalies produced surgical emergencies in 7 neonates in the first year, 6 of these 7 being in the first month of life...
December 1983: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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