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Palbociclib

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903987/mapping-heterogeneity-in-patient-derived-melanoma-cultures-by-single-cell-rna-seq
#1
Tobias Gerber, Edith Willscher, Henry Loeffler-Wirth, Lydia Hopp, Dirk Schadendorf, Manfred Schartl, Ulf Anderegg, Gray Camp, Barbara Treutlein, Hans Binder, Manfred Kunz
Recent technological advances in single-cell genomics make it possible to analyze cellular heterogeneity of tumor samples. Here, we applied single-cell RNA-seq to measure the transcriptomes of 307 single cells cultured from three biopsies of three different patients with a BRAF/NRAS wild type, BRAF mutant/NRAS wild type and BRAF wild type/NRAS mutant melanoma metastasis, respectively. Analysis based on self-organizing maps identified sub-populations defined by multiple gene expression modules involved in proliferation, oxidative phosphorylation, pigmentation and cellular stroma...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890465/palbociclib-improves-survival-in-advanced-breast-cancer
#2
Talha Khan Burki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883943/targeted-therapy-for-breast-cancer-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-resistance-to-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Guowei Gu, Derek Dustin, Suzanne Aw Fuqua
In recent years, clinical trials investigating new drugs and therapeutic combinations have led to promising advances in breast cancer therapy. Subtyping breast cancers into hormone receptor (HR) positive, epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) positive, and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is currently the basis of diagnosing and treating this disease. In addition to endocrine and HER2-targeted therapies in their respective subtypes, evidence from recent preclinical studies have shown several targetable pathways that overcome resistance in the clinical setting...
November 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864574/enhancing-endocrine-therapy-combination-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-postmenopausal-hormone-receptor-positive-her2-advanced-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Kathleen I Pritchard, Stephen K Chia, Christine Simmons, Deanna McLeod, Alexander Paterson, Louise Provencher, Daniel Rayson
: : Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy in women worldwide, with approximately two-thirds having hormone receptor (HR)-positive tumors. New endocrine therapy (ET) strategies include combining ET agents as well as adding inhibitors targeting growth factors, angiogenesis, the mechanistic target of rapamycin, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), or cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 to ET. Level 1 evidence supports use of fulvestrant plus anastrozole or palbociclib plus letrozole as first-line therapy for HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced BC with special consideration for the former in ET-naïve patients, as well as everolimus plus exemestane or palbociclib plus fulvestrant as second-line therapy with special consideration in select first-line patients...
November 18, 2016: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849562/palbociclib-pd-0332991-a-selective-cdk4-6-inhibitor-restricts-tumour-growth-in-preclinical-models-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Julien Bollard, Verónica Miguela, Marina Ruiz de Galarreta, Anu Venkatesh, C Billie Bian, Mark P Roberto, Victoria Tovar, Daniela Sia, Pedro Molina-Sánchez, Christie B Nguyen, Shigeki Nakagawa, Josep M Llovet, Yujin Hoshida, Amaia Lujambio
OBJECTIVE: Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a lethal malignancy with limited treatment options. Palbociclib, a well-tolerated and selective CDK4/6 inhibitor, has shown promising results in the treatment of retinoblastoma (RB1)-positive breast cancer. RB1 is rarely mutated in HCC, suggesting that palbociclib could potentially be used for HCC therapy. Here, we provide a comprehensive characterisation of the efficacy of palbociclib in multiple preclinical models of HCC. DESIGN: The effects of palbociclib on cell proliferation, cellular senescence and cell death were investigated in a panel of human liver cancer cell lines, in ex vivo human HCC samples, in a genetically engineered mouse model of liver cancer, and in human HCC xenografts in vivo...
November 14, 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843622/review-of-hormone-based-treatments-in-postmenopausal-patients-with-advanced-breast-cancer-focusing-on-aromatase-inhibitors-and-fulvestrant
#6
REVIEW
Iben Kümler, Ann S Knoop, Christina A R Jessing, Bent Ejlertsen, Dorte L Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Endocrine therapy constitutes a central modality in the treatment of oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive advanced breast cancer. PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence for endocrine treatment in postmenopausal patients with advanced breast cancer focusing on the aromatase inhibitors, letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane and fulvestrant. METHODS: A review was carried out using PubMed. Randomised phase II and III trials reporting on ≥100 patients were included...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832204/expression-of-the-lncrna-maternally-expressed-gene-3-meg3-contributes-to-the-control-of-lung-cancer-cell-proliferation-by-the-rb-pathway
#7
Traci L Kruer, Susan M Dougherty, Lindsey Reynolds, Elizabeth Long, Tanya de Silva, William W Lockwood, Brian F Clem
Maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3, mouse homolog Gtl2) encodes a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that is expressed in many normal tissues, but is suppressed in various cancer cell lines and tumors, suggesting it plays a functional role as a tumor suppressor. Hypermethylation has been shown to contribute to this loss of expression. We now demonstrate that MEG3 expression is regulated by the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) pathway and correlates with a change in cell proliferation. Microarray analysis of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) isolated from mice with genetic deletion of all three Rb family members (TKO) revealed a significant silencing of Gtl2/MEG3 expression compared to WT MEFs, and re-expression of Gtl2/MEG3 caused decrease in cell proliferation and increased apoptosis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785059/impact-of-palbociclib-combinations-on-treatment-of-advanced-estrogen-receptor-positive-human-epidermal-growth-factor-2-negative-breast-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Katalin Boér
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with multiple subgroups based on clinical and molecular characteristics. For the largest subgroup of breast cancers, hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-negative tumors, hormone treatment is the mainstay of therapy and is likely to result in significant improvement in disease outcomes. However, some of these cancers demonstrate de novo or acquired resistance to endocrine therapy. Despite intensive research to develop new strategies to enhance the efficacy of currently available treatment options for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, progress has been slow, and there were few advances for a period of 10 years...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775259/major-clinical-research-advances-in-gynecologic-cancer-in-2015
#9
REVIEW
Dong Hoon Suh, Miseon Kim, Hak Jae Kim, Kyung Hun Lee, Jae Weon Kim
In 2015, fourteen topics were selected as major research advances in gynecologic oncology. For ovarian cancer, high-level evidence for annual screening with multimodal strategy which could reduce ovarian cancer deaths was reported. The best preventive strategies with current status of evidence level were also summarized. Final report of chemotherapy or upfront surgery (CHORUS) trial of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced stage ovarian cancer and individualized therapy based on gene characteristics followed...
November 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765908/erps294-is-a-biomarker-of-ligand-or-mutational-er%C3%AE-activation-and-a-breast-cancer-target-for-cdk2-inhibition
#10
Gary K Scott, David Chu, Ravneet Kaur, Julia Malato, Daniel E Rothschild, Katya Frazier, Serenella Eppenberger-Castori, Byron Hann, Ben Ho Park, Christopher C Benz
ERα phosphorylation at hinge site S294 (pS294) was recently shown to be essential for ER-dependent gene transcription and mediated by an unknown cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). This study was undertaken to identify the exact CDK pathway mediating pS294 formation, and to determine if this phosphorylation event occurs with, and can be targeted to treat, the ligand-independent growth of breast cancers expressing endocrine-refractory ESR1 mutations. Using a newly developed anti-pS294 monoclonal antibody, a combination of CDK specific siRNA knockdown studies and a broad panel of CDK selective inhibitors against ligand (E2)-stimulated MCF7 cells, we first identified CDK2 as the primary mediator of pS294 formation and showed that CDK2-selective inhibitors like Dinaciclib, but not CDK4/6 inhibitors like Palbociclib, can selectively prevent pS294 formation and repress ER-dependent gene expression...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693931/mechanism-of-drug-resistance-in-relation-to-site-of-metastasis-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-advanced-breast-cancer-according-to-anticancer-strategy
#11
Saroj Niraula, Alberto Ocana
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is heterogeneous at different levels: biologic subtypes, intratumoral areas, and sites of metastases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) classify metastatic sites as visceral or non-visceral, but this has little influence in treatment decisions, particularly in the absence of clinical urgency. Indeed, it is unclear if response to treatments differs among sites of metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RCTs investigating 3 different anticancer strategies in metastatic breast cancer were identified: (1) new hormonal therapy, (2) new targeted therapies in hormone receptor positive tumours (everolimus or palbociclib), and (3) new anti-HER2 therapies...
September 20, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688617/neutropenia-due-to-palbociclib-a-word-of-caution
#12
Raja Pramanik, Ranjit Kumar Sahoo, Ajay Gogia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648347/palbociclib-a-new-option-for-front-line-treatment-of-metastatic-hormone-receptor-positive-her2-negative-breast-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Harmony J Bowles, Kathryn L Clarke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634906/a-gene-expression-signature-of-retinoblastoma-loss-of-function-is-a-predictive-biomarker-of-resistance-to-palbociclib-in-breast-cancer-cell-lines-and-is-prognostic-in-patients-with-er-positive-early-breast-cancer
#14
Luca Malorni, Silvano Piazza, Yari Ciani, Cristina Guarducci, Martina Bonechi, Chiara Biagioni, Christopher D Hart, Roberto Verardo, Angelo Di Leo, Ilenia Migliaccio
Palbociclib is a CDK4/6 inhibitor that received FDA approval for treatment of hormone receptor positive (HR+) HER2 negative (HER2neg) advanced breast cancer. To better personalize patients treatment it is critical to identify subgroups that would mostly benefit from it. We hypothesize that complex alterations of the Retinoblastoma (Rb) pathway might be implicated in resistance to CDK4/6 inhibitors and aim to investigate whether signatures of Rb loss-of-function would identify breast cancer cell lines resistant to palbociclib...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571378/chemoproteomic-evaluation-of-target-engagement-by-the-cyclin-dependent-kinase-4-and-6-inhibitor-palbociclib-correlates-with-cancer-cell-response
#15
Tyzoon K Nomanbhoy, Geeta Sharma, Heidi Brown, Jiangyue Wu, Arwin Aban, Subha Vogeti, Senait Alemayehu, Maria Sykes, Jonathan S Rosenblum, John W Kozarich
Palbociclib is a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/CDK6 inhibitor approved for breast cancer that is estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative. We profiled palbociclib in cells either sensitive or resistant to the drug using an ATP/ADP probe-based chemoproteomics platform. Palbociclib only engaged CDK4 or CDK6 in sensitive cells. In resistant cells, no inhibition of CDK4 or CDK6 was observed, although the off-target profiles were similar in both cell types. Prolonged incubation of sensitive cells with the compound (24 h) resulted in the downregulation of additional kinases, including kinases critical for cell cycle progression...
September 27, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556863/detection-of-esr1-mutations-in-circulating-cell-free-dna-from-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-treated-with-palbociclib-and-letrozole
#16
Rekha Gyanchandani, Karthik J Kota, Amruth R Jonnalagadda, Tanya Minteer, Beth A Knapick, Steffi Oesterreich, Adam M Brufsky, Adrian V Lee, Shannon L Puhalla
ESR1 mutations are frequently acquired in hormone-resistant metastatic breast cancer (MBC). CDK4/6 inhibition along with endocrine therapy is a promising strategy in hormone receptor-positive MBC. However, the incidence and impact of ESR1 mutations on clinical outcome in patients treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors have not been defined. In this study, we evaluated the frequency of ESR1 mutations in cfDNA from 16 patients with MBC undergoing palbociclib and letrozole therapy. Four common ESR1 mutations (D538G, Y537C, Y537N, and Y537S) were analyzed in serial blood draws using ddPCR...
August 19, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552259/palbociclib-and-tumor-suppressor-gene-activation
#17
Steven Sorscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531351/clinical-utility-and-treatment-outcome-of-comprehensive-genomic-profiling-in-high-grade-glioma-patients
#18
Deborah T Blumenthal, Addie Dvir, Alexander Lossos, Tzahala Tzuk-Shina, Tzach Lior, Dror Limon, Shlomit Yust-Katz, Alejandro Lokiec, Zvi Ram, Jeffrey S Ross, Siraj M Ali, Roi Yair, Lior Soussan-Gutman, Felix Bokstein
Genomic research of high grade glioma (HGG) has revealed complex biology with potential for therapeutic impact. However, the utilization of this information and impact upon patient outcome has yet to be assessed. We performed capture-based next generation sequencing (NGS) genomic analysis assay of 236/315 cancer-associated genes, with average depth of over 1000 fold, to guide treatment in HGG patients. We reviewed clinical utility and response rates in correlation to NGS results. Forty-three patients were profiled: 34 glioblastomas, 8 anaplastic astrocytomas, and one patient with anaplastic oligodendroglioma...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507850/egfr-and-rb1-as-dual-biomarkers-in-hpv-negative-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
Tim N Beck, Rachel Georgopoulos, Elena I Shagisultanova, David Sarcu, Elizabeth A Handorf, Cara Dubyk, Miriam N Lango, John A Ridge, Igor Astsaturov, Ilya G Serebriiskii, Barbara A Burtness, Ranee Mehra, Erica A Golemis
Clinical decision making for human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is predominantly guided by disease stage and anatomic location, with few validated biomarkers. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an important therapeutic target, but its value in guiding therapeutic decision making remains ambiguous. We integrated analysis of clinically annotated tissue microarrays with analysis of data available through the TCGA, to investigate the idea that expression signatures involving EGFR, proteins regulating EGFR function, and core cell-cycle modulators might serve as prognostic or drug response-predictive biomarkers...
October 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496135/spectrum-and-degree-of-cdk-drug-interactions-predicts-clinical-performance
#20
Ping Chen, Nathan V Lee, Wenyue Hu, Meirong Xu, Rose Ann Ferre, Hieu Lam, Simon Bergqvist, James Solowiej, Wade Diehl, You-Ai He, Xiu Yu, Asako Nagata, Todd VanArsdale, Brion W Murray
Therapeutically targeting aberrant intracellular kinase signaling is attractive from a biological perspective but drug development is often hindered by toxicities and inadequate efficacy. Predicting drug behaviors using cellular and animal models is confounded by redundant kinase activities, a lack of unique substrates, and cell-specific signaling networks. Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) drugs exemplify this phenomenon because they are reported to target common processes yet have distinct clinical activities...
October 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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