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Balázs Rada
Neutrophil extracellular traps represent a fascinating mechanism by which PMNs entrap extracellular microbes. The primary purpose of this innate immune mechanism is thought to localize the infection at an early stage. Interestingly, the ability of different microcrystals to induce NET formation has been recently described. Microcrystals are insoluble crystals with a size of 1-100 micrometers that have different composition and shape. Microcrystals have it in common that they irritate phagocytes including PMNs and typically trigger an inflammatory response...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
Edward Roddy, Sara Muller, Zoe Paskins, Samantha L Hider, Milisa Blagojevic-Bucknall, Christian D Mallen
Oral bisphosphonates are the most commonly used drugs to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis. Acute pseudogout is anecdotally reported to occur following bisphosphonate initiation but empirical data are lacking. We investigated whether treatment with oral bisphosphonates is a risk factor for incident acute pseudogout.A matched case-control study was undertaken using data from the UK-Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Adults who consulted for incident acute pseudogout between 1987 and 2012 were each matched for gender, age at pseudogout diagnosis, and general practice to up to 4 control subjects without pseudogout...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ryosuke Sato, Shunji Nakano, Tomoya Takasago, Masaru Nakamura, Masahiro Kashima, Takashi Chikawa, Daisuke Hamada, Tomohiro Goto, Koichi Sairyo
Postoperative pseudogout after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is very rare, and its physical findings are very similar to infectious symptoms. In pseudogout, the mechanism underlying the deposition of calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate crystals remains unclear. Here, we report the histologic findings in a pseudogout attack in the late postoperative period after TKA. She had acute onset of arthritis of the knee 2 years after TKA. Histologic examination showed significant neutrophil infiltration. Interestingly, chondrogenesis was noted in the synovial tissue, and calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate crystals were synthesized mainly at the site of chondrogenesis, suggesting a potential mechanism underlying the occurrence of pseudogout after TKA...
September 2016: Arthroplasty Today
Hirofumi Yoshida
A 93-year-old woman acutely developed fever associated with pain and swelling around her left wrist. Physical examination revealed fusiform symmetric swelling of the entire digits, digits held in partial flexion, tenderness along the flexor tendon sheath and pain along the tendon with passive digits extension. Gram stain of collected fluid showed the presence of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals.
December 16, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
Y Wu, K Chen, R Terkeltaub
OBJECTIVES: Calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition disease (CPPD) is common, yet prevalence and overall clinical impact remain unclear. Sensitivity and specificity of CPPD reference standards (conventional crystal analysis (CCA) and radiography (CR)) were meta-analysed by EULAR (published 2011). Since then, new diagnostic modalities are emerging. Hence, we updated 2009-2016 literature findings by systematic review and evidence grading, and assessed unmet needs. METHODS: We performed systematic search of full papers (PubMed, Scopus/EMBASE, Cochrane 2009-2016 databases)...
2016: RMD Open
Wais Afzal, Omer M Wali, Kelly L Cervellione, Bhupinder B Singh, Farshad Bagheri
Pseudogout is a crystal-induced arthropathy characterized by the deposition of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals in synovial fluid, menisci, or articular cartilage. Although not very common, this entity can be seen in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Septic arthritis due to Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) is a rare entity that can affect immunocompromised patients such as those with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or those who are on immunosuppressive drugs. Here, we describe a 51-year-old female who presented with fever, right knee pain, swelling, warmth, and decreased range of motion for several days...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Masaru Kurihara, Yasuharu Tokuda
Crowned dens syndrome (CDS), a pseudogout attack involved with atlantoaxial joint, mimics meningitis, because jolt accentuation of headache, a physical sign for meningitis, is frequently considered mistakenly as 'positive' in CDS patients. Our patient with CDS experienced multiple ambulance transports and underwent lumbar puncture for suspected meningitis because of positive result of jolt accentuation of headache. We found that the patient actually had jolt accentuation of neck pain from CDS and treated her successfully...
October 12, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
K Kudoh, T Kudoh, K Tsuru, Y Miyamoto
A case of tophaceous pseudogout (i.e., calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), extending to the base of the skull, is reported. A 38-year-old man was referred to the hospital with mild pain in the right chin and tip of the tongue. Panoramic radiography showed a large calcified mass around the right TMJ. Computed tomography imaging revealed a large, granular, calcified mass surrounding the right condylar head and extending to the base of the skull...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
T Horino, T Matsumoto, Y Terada, O Ichii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Ann K Rosenthal, Lawrence M Ryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Takashi Kobayashi, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Toshiki Abe, Eiji Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi, Hideaki Noguchi, Norikazu Konno, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Calcification of the yellow ligament sometimes compresses the spinal cord and can induce myelopathy. Usually, the calcification does not induce acute neck pain. We report a case of a patient with acute neck pain caused by calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate in a calcified cervical yellow ligament. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Japanese woman presented with acute neck pain. She had a moderately high fever (37.5 °C), and her neck pain was so severe that she could not move her neck in any direction...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Thomas Rosen, Janet Furman
Acute calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) arthropathy, also called pseudogout, is common, and becomes more prevalent as patients age. The presenting symptoms are similar to both gout and septic arthritis but may be treated differently. This article describes a typical patient presentation and management from an emergency medicine and orthopedic surgery standpoint.
June 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Hyo Jung Park, Hye Won Chung, Tack Sun Oh, Jong-Seok Lee, Joon Seon Song, Yong-Koo Park
Tumoral pseudogout is a rare clinical form of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease. Tumoral pseudogout can mimic other diseases such as chondroid tumor, tophaceous gout, or tumoral calcinosis. Its radiological features have been presented in some case reports, but no specific radiographic features have been identified. Here, we report an unusual case of recurrent tumoral pseudogout involving the proximal interphalangeal joint of the right long finger. This case presents with progressive radiological findings of the disease with an enlarging and recurrent calcified mass and secondary bony erosion and remodeling, along with a radiological-pathological correlation...
July 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Amitoz Manhas, Prashant Kelkar, Joseph Keen, Steven Rostad, Johnny B Delashaw
BACKGROUND: Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystallization is known to occur in the spine, leading to the development of visible calcification as seen by imaging. Occasionally, the deposition of this material can lead to larger accumulations that are seen as masses in the articular processes, intervertebral discs, and posterior longitudinal ligaments. A particularly significant manifestation of this process is at the craniocervical junction, where symptomatic presentations can arise...
2016: Curēus
Christina Marciniak, Ashwin Babu, Leda Ghannad, Richard Burnstine, Susan Keeshin
An 83-year-old man with multiple medical problems, including gout, pseudogout, and renal insufficiency, presented with more than a year of proximal weakness. He had an extensive previous medical workup, including a normal creatinine kinase. His weakness persisted despite endurance and strength training. Electrodiagnostic findings were consistent with a myopathy, although without abnormal spontaneous activity and a length-dependent neuropathy. On the basis of these findings, colchicine was discontinued. The patient experienced marked symptomatic improvement within a week...
March 10, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Patricia A Higgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Bolan Li, Nora G Singer, Yener N Yeni, Donard G Haggins, Emma Barnboym, Daniel Oravec, Steven Lewis, Ozan Akkus
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the usefulness of a novel medical device based on Raman spectroscopy for the rapid point-of-care diagnosis of gout and pseudogout. METHODS: A shoebox-sized point-of-care Raman spectroscopy (POCRS) device was developed for use in the diagnosis of gout and pseudogout. The device included a disposable syringe microfiltration kit to collect arthropathic crystals from synovial fluid and a customized automated Raman spectroscopy system to chemically identify crystal species...
July 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Abhishek Abhishek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent advances in the epidemiology of calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD), and to discuss their implications. This review is particularly timely as several epidemiological studies that enhance the understanding of CPPD have been published recently. RECENT FINDINGS: This article will review recent findings on the prevalence of chondrocalcinosis; discuss new data on the associations between bone mineral density and chondrocalcinosis; and between diuretic use, chronic kidney disease 5 and 'pseudogout' (now termed acute calcium pyrophosphate crystal arthritis)...
March 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Mahvash Zaman, Numaera Sabir, Simon Peter Mills, Charalambos P Charalambous
We report a case of an acute pseudogout attack following single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in a 35-year-old man. At the initial reconstruction surgery, he was found to have early degenerative changes mainly in the lateral compartment. He presented with acute onset pain and swelling following reconstruction of the ACL. Arthroscopic irrigation was performed and the synovial fluid was positive for calcium pyrophosphate crystals. A pseudogout attack must be considered in the differential diagnosis in cases of acute onset pain and swelling after arthroscopic surgery, especially with the background of degenerative knee changes, and this may signify a poorer long-term outcome...
September 2015: Knee Surgery & related Research
Robert Tze Jin Yap, Shian Chao Tay
BACKGROUND: This report utilizes 11 years (2003-2013) of clinical records of patients for a retrospective evaluation of the effectiveness of various combinations of diagnostic methods, treatment options and surgical procedures to try to determine the optimal combinations to improve the rate of success for the treatment of septic wrist arthritis. METHODS: Analysis of records of 40 patients treated for septic wrist arthritis in our hospital involving records of physical examination, full blood analysis, biochemical, microbial profiles, type of surgical intervention, length of stay, number of surgical interventions to resolution and the rate of morbidity and mortality...
October 2015: Hand Surgery
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