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Calcaneus fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931325/outcomes-of-talus-fractures-associated-with-high-energy-combat-trauma
#1
Travis Junge, Jaime Bellamy, Thomas Dowd, Patrick Osborn
BACKGROUND: Talus fractures are infrequent injuries that are often associated with poor clinical outcomes. Literature reviewing talus fractures is limited to a civilian population, with few studies characterizing these injuries sustained in active duty personnel. The aim of this study was to characterize talus fractures sustained in combat trauma by reporting their surgical outcomes. METHODS: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) was queried to identify US service members who sustained talus fractures in battle conditions between 2001 and 2014...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918661/comparable-postoperative-pain-levels-using-2-different-nerve-blocks-in-the-operative-treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#2
Siem A Dingemans, Kristian J de Ruiter, Merel F N Birnie, J Carel Goslings, Gan van Samkar, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain levels in patients undergoing osteosynthesis of the calcaneus with either a popliteal nerve block or an ankle block. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients undergoing operative fixation of a calcaneal fracture via a sinus tarsi approach between August 2012 and April 2017 in a single foot/ankle specialized center was performed. Single-shot popliteal blocks were placed using ultrasound guidance by an anesthesiologist while ankle blocks were placed by a foot/ankle specialized surgeon...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888405/anatomic-locking-plate-for-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fracture-design-and-application
#3
Chia-Hung Chu, Yan-Yu Chen, Kang-Ping Lin, Wen-Chuan Chen, Pei-Yuan Lee
Calcaneal fracture can lead to long-term disability and have a considerable economic effect. Most calcaneal fractures are intraarticular fractures involving the posterior facet of the subtalar joint. Treating displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures is complicated because of the lack of an optimal treatment option. Internal fixation typically involves screw-and-plate implants, which can be unfavorable owing to the lack of an anatomic design and the intraoperative bending required for the plate to contour to the irregular surface of the calcaneus...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877593/is-there-a-role-for-mri-in-plantar-heel-pain
#4
Muhammad Ali Fazal, Demetris Tsekes, Irshad Baloch
INTRODUCTION: There is an increasing trend to investigate plantar heel pain with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan though plantar fasciitis is the most common cause. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the role of MRI in patients presenting with plantar heel pain. METHODS: Case notes and MRI scans of 141 patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis were reviewed retrospectively. There were 98 females and 43 males patients. Fourteen patients had bilateral symptoms...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868643/comparison-of-radiography-and-computed-tomography-to-evaluate-fractures-of-the-canine-tarsus
#5
Danielle Butler, Sarah Nemanic, Jennifer J Warnock
Detection and accurate classification of traumatic tarsal fractures are important for identifying cases requiring surgical intervention. The aim of this prospective, experimental, methods comparison study was to directly compare the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of tarsal computed tomography (CT), ten-view and two-view digital radiographs for detecting traumatic fractures of the canine tarsus. The working hypothesis was that tarsal fractures would be detected with higher accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity using CT imaging compared to radiography, and a ten-view would be superior to a two-view radiographic study...
September 3, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844198/medial-external-fixation-for-staged-treatment-of-closed-calcaneus-fractures-surgical-technique-and-case-series
#6
Michael Githens, Joshua Shatsky, Julie Agel, Richard J Bransford, Stephen K Benirschke
The derangement in calcaneal morphology after a fracture can be significant and is often associated with severe soft tissue envelop problems. Medial calcaneal external fixation is useful for early restoration of calcaneal morphology and the corresponding soft tissue envelop. When performed in a stepwise fashion, external fixation can successfully restore normal calcaneal height, length, width, and coronal plane alignment. For severely displaced joint depression and broken tongue-type calcaneus fractures where open treatment is the preferred strategy, early external fixation restores the normal soft tissue tension, allows a stable environment for soft tissue recovery, and facilitates the definitive operation by restoring and maintaining overall calcaneal architecture...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826948/digit-like-bony-anomaly-of-the-hindfoot-a-case-report
#7
Anna-Kathrin Leucht, Martin Wiewiorski
We report the case of an asymptomatic digit-like bony anomaly located on the plantar aspect of the calcaneus, which was incidentally found on radiographs of a 50-year-old male with a tibial shaft fracture. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of such an anomaly in the foot. The differential diagnosis includes accessory ossicles, polydactyly, heel spur, heterotopic ossification, osteochondroma, and pelvic digits.
August 18, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790476/surgical-treatment-of-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-using-a-sinus-tarsi-approach
#8
Chul Hyun Park, Dong Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752205/post-operative-radiological-predictors-of-satisfying-outcomes-occurring-after-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-a-three-dimensional-ct-quantitative-evaluation
#9
Minfei Qiang, Yanxi Chen, Xiaoyang Jia, Kun Zhang, Haobo Li, Yuchen Jiang, Yijie Zhang
PURPOSE: No functional outcome related to 3-D CT evaluations for calcaneal fractures has been presented. The aims of this study are to analyze the post-operative morphological parameters of calcaneal fractures in 3-D space and to correlate the 3-D morphological parameters with functional outcomes. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2015, 156 patients operatively treated for displaced calcaneal fractures were retrospectively reviewed with an average follow-up time of 32.4 months...
July 27, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698756/treatment-of-decubitis-ulcer-stage-iv-in-the-patient-with-polytrauma-and-vertical-share-pelvic-fracture-diagnosed-entherocollitis-and-deep-wound-infection-with-clostridium-difficile-with-combined-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-npwt-and-faecal-management-system
#10
Slavcho Stojmenski, Igor Merdzanovski, Andrej Gavrilovski, Sofija Pejkova, Gjorge Dzokic, Smilja Tudzarova
AIM: The aim of this paper was to present a case with the successful treatment of decubitis ulcer stage IV in the patient with polytrauma and vertical share pelvic fracture and diagnosed entherocollitis combined with deep wound infection with Clostridium difficile treated with combined Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) and faecal management system. CASE REPORT: Patient D.S.1967 treated on Traumatology Clinic after tentamen suicide on 9.2.2015 with diagnosis: brain contusion; contusion of thoracal space; vertical share pelvic fracture; open fracture type II of the right calcaneus; fracture of the left calcaneus; fracture on the typical place of the left radius; fracture of the right radius with dislocation...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696780/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-toe-board-energy-absorbing-material-for-foot-ankle-and-lower-leg-injury-reduction
#11
John P Patalak, Joel D Stitzel
OBJECTIVE: Since 2000 numerous improvements have been made to the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Incorporated (NASCAR®) driver restraint system, resulting in improved crash protection for motorsports drivers. Advancements have included seats, head and neck restraints (HNR), seat belt restraint systems, driver helmets and others. These enhancements have increased protection for drivers from severe crash loading. Extending protection to the driver's extremities remains challenging...
July 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653999/fgf-2-gene-polymorphism-in-osteoporosis-among-guangxi-s-zhuang-chinese
#12
Xiaoyun Bin, Chaowen Lin, Xiufeng Huang, Qinghui Zhou, Liping Wang, Cory J Xian
Osteoporosis is a complex multifactorial disorder of gradual bone loss and increased fracture risk. While previous studies have shown the importance of many genetic factors in determining peak bone mass and fragility fractures and in suggesting involvement of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) in bone metabolism and bone mass, the relationship of FGF-2 genetic diversity with bone mass/osteoporosis has not yet been revealed. The current study investigated the potential relevance of FGF-2 gene polymorphism in osteoporosis among a Zhuang ethnic Chinese cohort of 623, including 237 normal bone mass controls, 227 osteopenia, and 159 osteoporosis of different ages...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619268/ankle-hindfoot-after-calcaneal-fractures-a-biomechanical-study
#13
C Xu, M Li, C Wang, K Li, H Liu
INTRODUCTION: Both the overall shape of the calcaneus and anatomical reduction of joint congruity are important prognostic factors. However, there is a significant lack of biomechanical data supporting the clinical importance of calcaneus height, length and heel width. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of abnormal calcaneus morphology on ankle-hindfoot biomechanics. HYPOTHESIS: The normal biomechanics of the ankle-hindfoot would be severely disrupted by the abnormal calcaneus morphology...
June 12, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617792/simultaneous-bilateral-snowboarder-s-fractures-in-a-young-woman-a-rare-entity
#14
Avajit Barai, Ralph Scorgie, Bruce Lambie
BACKGROUND: Talus is a well-supported bone in the foot. A fracture of talus requires a high-impact injury. A wedge-shaped inferolateral component is the lateral process of the talus (LPT). A fracture of LPT is also known as a 'snowboarder's fracture'. Simultaneous bilateral snowboarder's fracture is rarely reported in English literature. CASE: We present here a case of simultaneous bilateral snowboarder's fractures in a slow-moving motor vehicle accident in the icy conditions...
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603855/stress-fractures-of-the-calcaneus-diagnosed-by-sonography-report-of-8-cases
#15
Stefano Bianchi, Dien Hung Luong
We present a retrospective review of 8 patients (6 women and 2 men, with an age range of 46-80 years; mean age, 60.2 years) in whom sonography was used to diagnose a calcaneal stress fracture. Sonography was performed because of a clinical suspicion of soft tissue injuries. Two patients were first assessed by standard radiography; for the remaining patients, sonography was the first imaging technique used. Patients were subsequently examined by magnetic resonance imaging, except for 1 patient in whom the diagnosis was made only on a clinical-sonographic correlation...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594488/fractures-of-the-calcaneus
#16
Mark R Adams, John W Munz, Kenneth L Koury
Calcaneal fractures are potentially devastating injuries. To effectively manage calcaneal fractures, surgeons must understand the anatomy of the calcaneus as well as the surgical techniques necessary to restore normal biomechanics of the foot. Surgeons also must understand calcaneal fracture patterns and classifications; initial management techniques, surgical indications and rationale, temporizing management techniques, surgical approaches, definitive management techniques, and postoperative management for calcaneal fractures; as well as outcomes and common complications of calcaneal fractures...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549622/multiple-abnormalities-in-the-feet-and-associated-changes-elsewhere-in-the-skeleton-the-case-of-3a-7-from-a-capsian-site-in-algeria
#17
M Jackes, M Parent, D Lubell
A skeleton with a number of abnormalities is described involving full discussion of alternative diagnoses. In this complex case, the primary diagnosis is of avulsion of the stem of the bifurcate ligament causing a fracture of the anterior process of the calcaneus. The bilateral fracture identified in Skeleton 3A-7 from Site 12, a Capsian site in Algeria, is a result of the feet being inverted and plantar flexed: the fracture is prone to non-union, which is asymmetrical here. There is also a separate anatomical variation of the feet, 3rd cuneiform and 3rd metatarsal coalition, which was not the cause of trauma...
May 5, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533860/-surgical-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures-about-29-cases
#18
Badr El Alami, Aimane Naam, Mohamed Admi, Ilyas Rabhi, Mohamed Elbardai, Fawzi Boutayeb
Calcaneal fractures are infrequent but, more often, serious. We report a series of 29 cases of calcaneal fractures surgically treated in the Orthopaedics and Traumatology in the University Hospital (CHU) Hassan II of Fez. This retrospective study aims to present the principles and to evaluate the results of surgical treatment for articular fractures of the calcaneus, in comparison with conservative treatment. Our study included 21 men and 8 women, the average age was 21-61 years. Etiology was dominated by road traffic accidents as wel as by falls from a high place...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507975/charcot-fracture-in-the-calcaneus-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#19
Hirokazu Takai, Katsuhiko Kiyota, Nobutake Nakane, Tomoki Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: Only a few reports have described calcaneus fractures after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, in this report, we describe a case of calcaneal avulsion fracture that occurred 5 weeks after a TKA in a relatively young male patient with syphilis. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old man with syphilis had Charcot joint of the right knee. The patient developed severe varus deformity and contracture and experienced severe pain in the knee. TKA was performed to alleviate the pain and improve the patient's gait...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505593/foot-ankle-complex-injury-risk-curves-using-calcaneus-bone-mineral-density-data
#20
Narayan Yoganandan, Sajal Chirvi, Liming Voo, Nicholas DeVogel, Frank A Pintar, Anjishnu Banerjee
OBJECTIVE: Biomechanical data from post mortem human subject (PMHS) experiments are used to derive human injury probability curves and develop injury criteria. This process has been used in previous and current automotive crashworthiness studies, Federal safety standards, and dummy design and development. Human bone strength decreases as the individuals reach their elderly age. Injury risk curves using the primary predictor variable (e.g., force) should therefore account for such strength reduction when the test data are collected from PMHS specimens of different ages (age at the time of death)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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