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Colostomy reversal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154517/a-proposal-for-a-tailored-approach-to-diverting-ostomy-for-colorectal-anastomosis
#1
Lisa Manzenreiter, Georg Spaun, Michael Weitzendorfer, Rosalia Luketina, Stavros A Antoniou, Helwig Wundsam, Oliver O Koch, Klaus Emmanuel
BACKGROUND: The use of a protective stoma represents an important issue in colorectal surgery. Although evidence suggests that loop ileostomy may be superior, the optimal method for temporary decompression of colorectal anastomosis still remains controversial. Aim of this study was to make an evidence-based proposal for a tailored approach to the use of diverting colostomy or ileostomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients subjected to creation and closure of a diverting loop colostomy or loop ileostomy between May 2007 and November 2014 in our institution was performed...
November 20, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098198/minimally-invasive-repair-of-a-prostatorectal-fistula-with-an-over-the-scope-rectal-clip
#2
Burkhard Ubrig, Ekkehard Schmidt-Heikenfeld, Stephan Degener, Alexander Roosen, Anselm Boy
Background: Fistulae between the prostatic urethra and the rectum are rare. They may result from prostatic or rectal surgery. Predisposing factors are previous radiation or immunosuppression. The repair of such fistulae usually involves major surgery. Recently, clips that can be deployed over an endoscope have been developed to close gastrointestinal fistulae or access points for natural orifice surgery. We report the first case of effective treatment of a prostatorectal fistula with a rectal "over-the-scope" clip...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980388/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-parastomal-bulging-in-patients-with-ileostomy-or-colostomy-a-register-based-study-using-data-from-the-danish-stoma-database-capital-region
#3
Rune M Andersen, Tobias W Klausen, Anne K Danielsen, Anders Vinther, Ismail Gögenur, Thordis Thomsen
AIM: To investigate incidence and risk factors for parastomal bulging, a clinically important complication, in patients with an ileostomy or colostomy. METHOD: The Danish Stoma Database Capital Region prospectively collects data on patients with a stoma up to a year after surgery. Stoma care nurses clinically assessed the main outcome, parastomal bulging. We linked data from the Stoma Database to data from the Danish Anaesthesia Database. Cumulative incidence of parastomal bulging over the first year was calculated with death and stoma reversal as competing risks...
October 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951289/use-of-a-nomogram-to-predict-the-closure-rate-of-diverting-ileostomy-after-low-anterior-resection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Shinya Abe, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Kazuhito Sasaki, Manabu Kaneko, Koji Murono, Shigenobu Emoto, Toshiaki Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: Although temporary ileostomy is widely used to prevent complications due to anastomotic leakage after middle and low rectal cancer surgery, some patients fail to achieve stoma closure after primary surgery. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for permanent stoma following low anterior resection (LAR) or intersphincteric resection (ISR) with a temporary ileostomy for rectal cancer, while focusing on the time course, to develop a nomogram that can predict the rate of unreversed ileostomy 1 year after initial surgery...
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940611/perianal-pseudoverrucous-papules-and-nodules-in-hirschsprung-s-disease-rapid-resolution-with-oral-loperamide
#5
Francis H X Yap, Graham Thom
We report the case of a 2-year-old boy with Hirschsprung's disease who developed perianal pseudoverrucous papules and nodules subsequent to persistent diarrhea and stool leakage after Giardia infection. Bleeding from the papules resulted in iron deficiency anaemia requiring blood transfusion and iron infusion. Topical therapies used over 6 months were of limited benefit and colostomy was considered, but the condition completely resolved after commencement of oral loperamide. This demonstrates that perianal pseudoverrucous papules and nodules can be severe but are entirely reversible upon removal of the source of skin irritation...
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933701/a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-of-medication-use-among-persons-with-a-gastrointestinal-stoma
#6
Bianca Augusta Pereira de Paula, Geisa Cristina da Silva Alves, Álvaro PercÍnio, Mariana Linhares Pereira, Juliano Teixeira Moraes, Cristina Sanches
Research on the use of medications in people with intestinal stomas is lacking, creating gaps in knowledge of pharmacoepidemiology in these patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted over a period of 4 months in Divinópolis, Brazil to describe the profile of medication use among people enrolled in the Health Support Service for People with Stoma - Level II (SSPS II) of a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All patients from SSPS II with a colostomy or ileostomy were invited by phone to participate; those with incomplete registration data and/or who were <18 years old, hospitalized for any reason, or had their stoma reversed were excluded from participation...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889960/outcomes-after-fecal-diversion-for-colonic-and-perianal-crohn-disease-in-children
#7
Rajmohan Dharmaraj, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson, Marjorie Arca, Bhaskar Gurram, Steven Werlin
BACKGROUND: Temporary fecal diversion by means of an ileostomy or colostomy has been used in the surgical management of refractory colonic and perianal Crohn disease (CD). The aims of our study were to evaluate the outcomes after fecal diversion in pediatric patients with colonic and perianal CD. METHODS: The records of patients who underwent fecal diversion for colonic and perianal CD at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin between July 2000 and June 2014 were reviewed retrospectively...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879552/considerations-for-hartmann-s-reversal-and-hartmann-s-reversal-outcomes-a-multicenter-study
#8
Nir Horesh, Yonatan Lessing, Yaron Rudnicki, Ilan Kent, Haguy Kammar, Almog Ben-Yaacov, Yael Dreznik, Hagit Tulchinsky, Shmuel Avital, Eli Mavor, Nir Wasserberg, Hanoch Kashtan, Joseph M Klausner, Mordechai Gutman, Oded Zmora
PURPOSE: Hartmann's procedure is commonly practiced in emergent cases with the restoration of bowel continuity planned at a second stage. This study assessed the rate of restorations following Hartmann's procedure and evaluated factors affecting decision-making. METHODS: Data on patient demographics, comorbidities, causes for Hartmann's procedure, reversal rate, and complications were collected in a multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent Hartmann's procedure in five medical centers...
November 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755086/racial-disparities-after-stoma-construction-exist-in-time-to-closure-after-1%C3%A2-year-but-not-in-overall-stoma-reversal-rates
#9
Drew J Gunnells, Lauren N Wood, Lauren Goss, Melanie S Morris, Gregory D Kennedy, Jamie A Cannon, Daniel I Chu
INTRODUCTION: Conflicting data exist on racial disparities in stoma reversal (SR) rates. Our aim was to investigate the role of race in SR rates, and time to closure, in a longitudinal, racially diverse database. METHODS: All adult patients (>18 years) who received an ileostomy or colostomy from 1999 to 2016 at a single institution were identified. Primary outcomes were SR rates and time to closure. Failure to reverse and time to closure was modeled using Cox regression...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726139/assessing-trends-in-laparoscopic-colostomy-reversal-and-evaluating-outcomes-when-compared-to-open-procedures
#10
Kevin Y Pei, Kimberly A Davis, Yawei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic colostomy reversal has emerged as a viable option for Hartmann's reversal but the trends in national adoption and postoperative complications are unknown. This study evaluates the practice trends for laparoscopic colostomy and compares complications, length of stay, and operative times between laparoscopic and open colostomy reversal. METHODS: All patients who had open or laparoscopic colostomy reversal surgery (current procedure codes: 44227 and 44626) between 2005 and 2014 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612145/transanal-hartmann-s-colostomy-reversal-assisted-by-laparoscopy-outcomes-of-the-first-10-patients
#11
Jean-Sébastien Trépanier, María Clara Arroyave, Raquel Bravo, Marta Jiménez-Toscano, Francisco B DeLacy, María Fernandez-Hevia, Antonio M Lacy
INTRODUCTION: Restoration of intestinal continuity after Hartmann's procedure is a technically difficult surgery associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study presents the short-term results of a new approach: a transanal Hartmann's colostomy reversal assisted by laparoscopy. METHOD: This is a retrospective analysis of data collected in one tertiary hospital, from October 2013 to November 2015. RESULTS: During the study period, there were ten cases of transanal Hartmann's reversal...
June 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474610/blunt-rectal-trauma-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Michele Marini, Giorgio Fratus, Pierluigi D'Amore, Fabio Tagliabue, Pierpaolo Mariani, Luisella Spinelli, Lorenzo Novellino
Blunt colorectal traumas are rare clinical entities with a challenging diagnostic and operative management. We describe the case of a 40-year-old man, victim of an accidental fall from a height of four meters who was subsequently diagnosed to have a blunt rectal trauma. A first CT scan showed fracture of the skull and an extensive subcutaneous haematoma of the lower back associated with a fracture of the left transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae. No other visceral abdominal lesions were recognized and patient was admitted to our department for observational studies...
December 20, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399874/early-closure-of-defunctioning-stoma-increases-complications-related-to-stoma-closure-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-and-low-anterior-resection-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#13
Tzu-Chieh Yin, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ping-Fu Yang, Wei-Chih Su, Cheng-Jen Ma, Ching-Wen Huang, Ming-Yii Huang, Chun-Ming Huang, Jaw-Yuan Wang
BACKGROUND: After a low anterior resection, creating a defunctioning stoma is vital for securing the anastomosis in low-lying rectal cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Although it decreases the complication and reoperation rates associated with anastomotic leakage, the complications that arise before and after stoma closure should be carefully evaluated and managed. METHODS: This study enrolled 95 rectal cancer patients who received neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy and low anterior resection with anastomosis of the bowel between July 2010 and November 2012...
April 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293278/a-historical-review-of-surgery-for-peritonitis-secondary-to-acute-colonic-diverticulitis-from-lockhart-mummery-to-evidence-based-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Roberto Cirocchi, Sorena Afshar, Salomone Di Saverio, Georgi Popivanov, Angelo De Sol, Francesca Gubbiotti, Gregorio Tugnoli, Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, David Cavaliere, Renata Taboła, Abe Fingerhut, Gian Andrea Binda
The management of patients with colonic diverticular perforation is still evolving. Initial lavage with or without simple suture and drainage was suggested in the late 19th century, replaced progressively by the three-stage Mayo Clinic or the two-stage Mickulicz procedures. Fears of inadequate source control prompted the implementation of the resection of the affected segment of colon with formation of a colostomy (Hartman procedure) in the 1970's. Ensuing development of the treatment strategies was driven by the recognition of the high morbidity and mortality and low reversal rates associated with the Hartman procedure...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197355/a-case-of-crossed-left-renal-ectopia-identified-during-colostomy-reversal
#15
Rachel NeMoyer, Sumana Narayanan, Nell Maloney-Patel
Unilateral crossed renal ectopia without fusion is an uncommon anatomic anomaly, which often goes undiagnosed. We report a case of this renal variant discovered incidentally during colostomy reversal after Hartmann's procedure for diverticular stricture.
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153025/restorative-resection-of-radiation-rectovaginal-fistula-can-better-relieve-anorectal-symptoms-than-colostomy-only
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Qinghua Zhong, Zixu Yuan, Tenghui Ma, Huaiming Wang, Qiyuan Qin, Lili Chu, Jianping Wang, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is a severe and difficult complication after pelvic malignancy radiation. This study was to retrospectively compare the outcomes of restorative resection and colostomy only in remission of anorectal symptoms. METHODS: We enrolled a cohort of 26 consecutive cases who developed RVF after pelvic radiation. Two main procedures for these patients in our institution were used: one was restorative resection and pull-through coloanal anastomosis with a prophylactic colostomy, and another was a simple colostomy without resection...
February 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100941/outcomes-of-laparoscopy-combined-with-enhanced-recovery-pathway-for-reversal-of-hartmann-s-procedure
#17
Liang Zhang, Yong Zhong, Hao Lin, Lv Xiao-Peng
The objective of this study is to discuss the security and feasibility of the laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure (LRHP) on the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). The clinical data of 42 patients who underwent laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure was retrospectively analyzed, and the operative time, blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative complications, conversion to open surgery, postoperative hospital stay, and so on were observed. Twenty-nine patients (69.00 % of the study pool) received complete postoperative recovery courses as prescribed by enhanced recovery program (ERP)...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054168/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-complicated-diverticulitis
#18
Najjia N Mahmoud, Elijah W Riddle
Recent guidelines recommend an individualized approach to recurrent uncomplicated diverticulitis, reflecting research showing that non-operative treatment is safe. Thus, the majority of operations for diverticulitis in the future may be for complicated indications. A laparoscopic approach may be used for both acute and chronic complicated diverticulitis in appropriate patients, as described in the American and European guidelines. However, a safe approach to minimally invasive surgery requires recognition when conditions deteriorate or are not suited to laparoscopy as well as knowledge of a variety of technical maneuvers that elucidate difficult anatomy and facilitate resection...
April 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917665/the-potential-effect-of-biological-sealants-on-colorectal-anastomosis-healing-in-experimental-research-involving-severe-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
K Stergios, K Kontzoglou, V Pergialiotis, L M Korou, M Frountzas, O Lalude, N Nikiteas, D N Perrea
Colorectal anastomoses continuous to pose a significant challenge in current surgical practice. Anastomotic leakage remains one of the most frequent and dramatic complications of colorectal surgery, even in centres of high specialisation. Diabetes is a well-established independent factor which results in higher anastomotic leakage rates. Fibrin sealants have been applied in experimental and clinical studies for the prevention of anastomotic dehiscence. However, little is known regarding their impact on diabetic patients...
March 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916359/long-term-follow-up-of-fournier-s-gangrene-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#20
David R Rosen, Mitchell E Brown, Kyle G Cologne, Glenn T Ault, Aaron M Strumwasser
BACKGROUND: After surgical debridement, the use of fecal diversion systems (such as an endo-rectal tube or surgical colostomy) in Fournier's Gangrene (FG) to assist with wound healing remains controversial. METHODS: A 6-y retrospective review of a tertiary medical center emergency surgery database was conducted. Variables abstracted from the database include patient demographics, laboratory and physiological profiles, hospital length-of-stay, intensive care unit length-of-stay, operative data, time to healing, morbidity, and mortality...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
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