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Colostomy reversal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399874/early-closure-of-defunctioning-stoma-increases-complications-related-to-stoma-closure-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-and-low-anterior-resection-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#1
Tzu-Chieh Yin, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ping-Fu Yang, Wei-Chih Su, Cheng-Jen Ma, Ching-Wen Huang, Ming-Yii Huang, Chun-Ming Huang, Jaw-Yuan Wang
BACKGROUND: After a low anterior resection, creating a defunctioning stoma is vital for securing the anastomosis in low-lying rectal cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Although it decreases the complication and reoperation rates associated with anastomotic leakage, the complications that arise before and after stoma closure should be carefully evaluated and managed. METHODS: This study enrolled 95 rectal cancer patients who received neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy and low anterior resection with anastomosis of the bowel between July 2010 and November 2012...
April 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293278/a-historical-review-of-surgery-for-peritonitis-secondary-to-acute-colonic-diverticulitis-from-lockhart-mummery-to-evidence-based-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Roberto Cirocchi, Sorena Afshar, Salomone Di Saverio, Georgi Popivanov, Angelo De Sol, Francesca Gubbiotti, Gregorio Tugnoli, Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, David Cavaliere, Renata Taboła, Abe Fingerhut, Gian Andrea Binda
The management of patients with colonic diverticular perforation is still evolving. Initial lavage with or without simple suture and drainage was suggested in the late 19th century, replaced progressively by the three-stage Mayo Clinic or the two-stage Mickulicz procedures. Fears of inadequate source control prompted the implementation of the resection of the affected segment of colon with formation of a colostomy (Hartman procedure) in the 1970's. Ensuing development of the treatment strategies was driven by the recognition of the high morbidity and mortality and low reversal rates associated with the Hartman procedure...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197355/a-case-of-crossed-left-renal-ectopia-identified-during-colostomy-reversal
#3
Rachel NeMoyer, Sumana Narayanan, Nell Maloney-Patel
Unilateral crossed renal ectopia without fusion is an uncommon anatomic anomaly, which often goes undiagnosed. We report a case of this renal variant discovered incidentally during colostomy reversal after Hartmann's procedure for diverticular stricture.
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153025/restorative-resection-of-radiation-rectovaginal-fistula-can-better-relieve-anorectal-symptoms-than-colostomy-only
#4
Qinghua Zhong, Zixu Yuan, Tenghui Ma, Huaiming Wang, Qiyuan Qin, Lili Chu, Jianping Wang, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is a severe and difficult complication after pelvic malignancy radiation. This study was to retrospectively compare the outcomes of restorative resection and colostomy only in remission of anorectal symptoms. METHODS: We enrolled a cohort of 26 consecutive cases who developed RVF after pelvic radiation. Two main procedures for these patients in our institution were used: one was restorative resection and pull-through coloanal anastomosis with a prophylactic colostomy, and another was a simple colostomy without resection...
February 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100941/outcomes-of-laparoscopy-combined-with-enhanced-recovery-pathway-for-reversal-of-hartmann-s-procedure
#5
Liang Zhang, Yong Zhong, Hao Lin, Lv Xiao-Peng
The objective of this study is to discuss the security and feasibility of the laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure (LRHP) on the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). The clinical data of 42 patients who underwent laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure was retrospectively analyzed, and the operative time, blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative complications, conversion to open surgery, postoperative hospital stay, and so on were observed. Twenty-nine patients (69.00 % of the study pool) received complete postoperative recovery courses as prescribed by enhanced recovery program (ERP)...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054168/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-complicated-diverticulitis
#6
Najjia N Mahmoud, Elijah W Riddle
Recent guidelines recommend an individualized approach to recurrent uncomplicated diverticulitis, reflecting research showing that non-operative treatment is safe. Thus, the majority of operations for diverticulitis in the future may be for complicated indications. A laparoscopic approach may be used for both acute and chronic complicated diverticulitis in appropriate patients, as described in the American and European guidelines. However, a safe approach to minimally invasive surgery requires recognition when conditions deteriorate or are not suited to laparoscopy as well as knowledge of a variety of technical maneuvers that elucidate difficult anatomy and facilitate resection...
April 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917665/the-potential-effect-of-biological-sealants-on-colorectal-anastomosis-healing-in-experimental-research-involving-severe-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
K Stergios, K Kontzoglou, V Pergialiotis, L M Korou, M Frountzas, O Lalude, N Nikiteas, D N Perrea
Colorectal anastomoses continuous to pose a significant challenge in current surgical practice. Anastomotic leakage remains one of the most frequent and dramatic complications of colorectal surgery, even in centres of high specialisation. Diabetes is a well-established independent factor which results in higher anastomotic leakage rates. Fibrin sealants have been applied in experimental and clinical studies for the prevention of anastomotic dehiscence. However, little is known regarding their impact on diabetic patients...
March 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916359/long-term-follow-up-of-fournier-s-gangrene-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#8
David R Rosen, Mitchell E Brown, Kyle G Cologne, Glenn T Ault, Aaron M Strumwasser
BACKGROUND: After surgical debridement, the use of fecal diversion systems (such as an endo-rectal tube or surgical colostomy) in Fournier's Gangrene (FG) to assist with wound healing remains controversial. METHODS: A 6-y retrospective review of a tertiary medical center emergency surgery database was conducted. Variables abstracted from the database include patient demographics, laboratory and physiological profiles, hospital length-of-stay, intensive care unit length-of-stay, operative data, time to healing, morbidity, and mortality...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863343/acrometastasis-following-colorectal-cancer-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Kozar Agha, Khalid Akbari, Syed Husain Abbas, Simon Middleton, Daniel McGrath
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer commonly metastasises to the liver, peritoneum and lungs. Bony metastases are uncommon in colorectal cancer and in particular metastases to the hands or feet (acrometastasis) are an extremely rare occurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old male with a colonic malignancy underwent elective anterior resection. Intra-operatively he was found to have a pelvic collection necessitating an end colostomy. Histology confirmed complete Dukes B tumour excision with no evidence of lymph node metastases...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828857/protection-of-low-rectal-anastomosis-with-a-new-tube-ileostomy-using-a-biofragmentable-anastomosis-ring-a-retrospective-study
#10
Liming Liu, Qi Huang, Jialiang Wang, Quanning Chen, Rui Lin, Bujun Ge
A temporarily defunctioning stoma, while effective at reducing symptomatic anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection (LAR) of rectal cancer, and its subsequent closure, is associated with significant morbidity. Here, we devised a new tube ileostomy using a biofragmentable anastomosis ring (TIB) with no need for reversal.This is a retrospective cohort study. From June 2011 to March 2015, TIBs were performed on 31 consecutive patients with mid- or low-rectal cancer who underwent elective laparoscopic LARs...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710988/outcome-of-loop-versus-divided-colostomy-in-the-management-of-anorectal-malformations
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Osama Ibrahim Almosallam, Ali Aseeri, Saud Al Shanafey
BACKGROUND: Colostomy is a common part of the management of high anorectal malformation (ARM) in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the type of colostomy (loop vs divided) has an impact on outcome in patients with ARM. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who were managed with colostomy for ARM and had definitive repair during the period of January 2000 to December 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668078/local-repair-of-stoma-prolapse-case-report-of-an-in%C3%A2-vivo-application-of-linear-stapler-devices
#12
Margaret M Monette, Rodney T Harney, Melanie S Morris, Daniel I Chu
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common late complications following stoma construction is prolapse. Although the majority of prolapse can be managed conservatively, surgical revision is required with incarceration/strangulation and in certain cases laparotomy and/or stoma reversal are not appropriate. This report will inform surgeons on safe and effective approaches to revising prolapsed stomas using local techniques. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 58 year old female with an obstructing rectal cancer previously received a diverting transverse loop colostomy...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492376/-prophylactic-meshes-in-the-abdominal-wall-german-version
#13
F E Muysoms, U A Dietz
BACKGROUND: There is a high incidence of incisional hernias in specific high-risk patient populations. For these patients, the prophylactic placement of mesh during closure of the abdominal wall incision has been investigated in several prospective studies. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to summarize and synthetize the currently available evidence on prophylactic meshes in a narrative review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic reviews were performed on the use of prophylactic meshes in different indications: midline laparotomies, stoma reversal wounds, and permanent stoma...
September 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460229/prophylactic-meshes-in-the-abdominal-wall
#14
F E Muysoms, U A Dietz
BACKGROUND: There is a high incidence of incisional hernias in specific high-risk patient populations. For these patients, the prophylactic placement of mesh during closure of the abdominal wall incision has been investigated in several prospective studies. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to summarize and synthetize the currently available evidence on prophylactic meshes in a narrative review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic reviews were performed on the use of prophylactic meshes in different indications: midline laparotomies, stoma reversal wounds, and permanent stoma...
January 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450347/neonate-with-imperforate-anus-and-meconium-streak-along-the-penile-shaft
#15
Robbie Hurtt, Christopher Bean, David Sawaya, Edwin Harmon
We present a neonatal male with a rectopenile fistula in the setting of imperforate anus. Reported cases of fistulae exiting on the penile shaft are exceedingly rare. The patient had a diverting colostomy performed within the first 48 hours of life and imaging later revealed no communication with the urinary tract. At 4 months of age the child was brought to the operative suite for penile exploration and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty. The patient's colostomy was reversed 4 months later. We discuss the embryology and management of imperforate anus as well as literature review...
July 20, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395762/the-impact-of-surgeon-volume-on-colostomy-reversal-outcomes-after-hartmann-s-procedure-for-diverticulitis
#16
Christopher T Aquina, Christian P Probst, Adan Z Becerra, Bradley J Hensley, James C Iannuzzi, Katia Noyes, John R T Monson, Fergal J Fleming
BACKGROUND: Colostomy reversal after Hartmann's procedure for diverticulitis is a morbid procedure, and studies investigating factors associated with outcomes are lacking. This study identifies patient, surgeon, and hospital-level factors associated with perioperative outcomes after stoma reversal. METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System was queried for urgent/emergency Hartmann's procedures for diverticulitis between 2000-2012 in New York State and subsequent colostomy reversal within 1 year of the procedure...
November 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358511/the-reversal-of-stoma-following-open-abdomen-management
#17
Fahri Yetişir, AkgünEbru Şarer, H Zafer Acar, Erdinç Çiftciler
Bowel stoma formation is very often required during open abdomen (OA) management; we aim to report our stoma reversal series following OA management retrospectively. A retrospective analysis of 31 patients who underwent the reversal of the stoma created during OA management between January 2008 and September 2014 was performed. Twenty-eight of these 31 patients were included in this study. The stoma-related complications are more common after OA management during waiting time interval for reversal. At this time interval, patients with jejunostomy had more stoma-related complications than patients with ileostomy (p = 0...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084900/evisceration-of-the-small-bowel-through-a-perforated-and-prolapsed-sigmoid-colon-an-unusual-presentation-of-rectal-prolapse
#18
Arshad Ahmad, Suresh Kumar, Abhinav Arun Sonkar, Sanjeev Kumar
Spontaneous prolapse of the sigmoid colon and evisceration of the small bowel through a rupture in the rectosigmoid is a rare presentation. We report a case of a 60-year-old man presenting with massive small bowel evisceration through a perforation in a prolapsed sigmoid colon. The patient had a 2-year history of rectal prolapse. He was also incontinent for flatus and liquid stool. There was no other significant medical history. After reduction of the small intestine, a large perforation was seen in the prolapsed sigmoid colon...
April 15, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075662/laparoscopic-reversal-of-hartmann-procedure-is-it-safe-and-feasible
#19
REVIEW
Alessandra Lucchetta, Nicolò De Manzini
The Hartmann procedure (HP) consists of a sigmoidectomy followed by a terminal colostomy in the left iliac fossa and closure of the rectal stump. Although done as a temporary procedure, up to 74 % of patients will not have stoma reversal with subsequent negative impact on the quality of life. A literature search was performed using MEDLINE (PubMed), The Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, and the articles from January 2000 until December 2015, edited in English, Italian and French, prospective or retrospective, were analyzed...
March 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994768/transabdominal-sacrocolpopexy-with-autologous-rectus-fascia-graft
#20
Nitya Abraham, Adrienne Quirouet, Howard B Goldman
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Extrusion and infection are potential postoperative complications when using synthetic mesh for abdominal sacrocolpopexy. Long-term follow-up in the Colpopexy and Urinary Reduction Efforts (CARE) trial revealed an estimated 9.9 % risk of mesh extrusion. There are 26 reports of spondylodiscitis after sacrocolpopexy with synthetic mesh. These surgical risks may be decreased by using autologous fascia. To date, there have been no reports of extrusion or spondylodiscitis after using autologous fascia for sacrocolpopexy...
August 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
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