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Colostomy closure

Osama Ibrahim Almosallam, Ali Aseeri, Saud Al Shanafey
BACKGROUND: Colostomy is a common part of the management of high anorectal malformation (ARM) in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the type of colostomy (loop vs divided) has an impact on outcome in patients with ARM. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who were managed with colostomy for ARM and had definitive repair during the period of January 2000 to December 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Senthil Packiasabapathy, Ravindran Chandiran, Ravinder K Batra, Sandeep Agarwala
Mowat-Wilson syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome involving multiple system abnormalities. The most consistently present components include facial deformity, mental retardation, and Hirschsprung disease. We report the anesthetic management of a case of Mowat-Wilson syndrome, with a difficult airway, who underwent Duhamel's procedure and colostomy closure.
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Anne Marie O'Donnell, David Coyle, Prem Puri
PURPOSE: The retinoblastoma 1 (RB1) tumor suppressor is a critical regulator of cell cycle progression and development, and has been widely documented to be inactivated in human cancer. A recent study using RB1 knockout mice suggested a new role for RB1 in the normal regulation of the enteric nervous system (ENS), because of knockout mice showing ENS abnormalities and severe intestinal dysmotility. The aim of our study was to investigate the expression of RB1 in the normal human colon and in Hirschsprung's disease (HD)...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
George Melich, Ajit Pai, Banujan Balachandran, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, John J Park
INTRODUCTION: Large high-output enterocutaneous fistulas pose great difficulties, especially in the setting of recent surgery and compromised skin integrity. METHODS: This video demonstrates a new technique of endoscopic control of enterocutaneous fistula by using two covered overlapping stents. In brief, the two stents are each inserted endoscopically, one proximal, and the other distal to the fistula with 2 cm of each stent protruding cutaneously. Following this, the proximal stent is crimped and intussuscepted into the distal stent with an adequate overlap...
September 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
F E Muysoms, U A Dietz
BACKGROUND: There is a high incidence of incisional hernias in specific high-risk patient populations. For these patients, the prophylactic placement of mesh during closure of the abdominal wall incision has been investigated in several prospective studies. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to summarize and synthetize the currently available evidence on prophylactic meshes in a narrative review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic reviews were performed on the use of prophylactic meshes in different indications: midline laparotomies, stoma reversal wounds, and permanent stoma...
September 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Shu-Ling Hung, Yu-Hua Lin, Hsing-Yu Yang, Chia-Chan Kao, Hong-Yu Tung, Li-Hsiang Wei
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercise for enhancing fecal incontinence quality of life after coloanal anastomosis in colorectal cancer patients. BACKGROUND: Methods of improving incontinence have been evaluated in many countries, but never in a Taiwan population. DESIGN: A longitudinal experimental study. METHODS: Fifty-two colorectal cancer patients who had received colostomy closure and coloanal anastomosis surgery were recruited from a general hospital in southern Taiwan and randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 26) or a control group (n = 26)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
F E Muysoms, U A Dietz
BACKGROUND: There is a high incidence of incisional hernias in specific high-risk patient populations. For these patients, the prophylactic placement of mesh during closure of the abdominal wall incision has been investigated in several prospective studies. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to summarize and synthetize the currently available evidence on prophylactic meshes in a narrative review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic reviews were performed on the use of prophylactic meshes in different indications: midline laparotomies, stoma reversal wounds, and permanent stoma...
July 26, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Shawqi Arafat, Mhd Belal Alsabek, Faisal Almousa, Muhammad Assem Kubtan
INTODUCTION: Endometriosis is a disease in which endometrial epithelium implanted outside the uterus. Although the endometrial tissue can implant anywhere, the most common places are the ovary and pelvic peritoneum. We present a rare case of recto-sigmoid endometriosis that causes a complete large bowel obstruction in a non-reproductive age woman who came with no specific symptoms of endometriosis and the diagnosis was made after surgical resection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50 years old female who never been married and admitted to have no sexual experience in her life, presented with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Anne Marie O'Donnell, David Coyle, Prem Puri
PURPOSE: NEDD4-like ubiquitin protein ligase 2 (NEDL2) plays an important role in many physiological and pathological processes. NEDL2 is a positive regulator of GDNF/Ret signaling during enteric neurogenesis. Mice lacking NEDL2 exhibit decreased numbers of enteric neurons, progressive bowel dysmotility and intestinal hypoganglionosis. We designed this study to investigate the expression of NEDL2 in the normal human colon and in HSCR. METHODS: HSCR tissue specimens (n=10) were collected at the time of pull-through surgery and divided into aganglionic and ganglionic segments...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Luis Alberto Blázquez Hernando, Miguel Ángel García-Ureña, Javier López-Monclús, Santiago García Hernández, Álvaro Robín Valle de Lersundi, Arturo Cruz Cidoncha, Daniel Melero Montes, Camilo Castellón Pavón, Enrique González González, Natividad Palencia García
BACKGROUND: The use of prophylactic mesh to prevent incisional hernia is becoming increasingly common in midline laparotomies and colostomies. The incidence of incisional hernia after subcostal laparotomies is lower than after midline incisions. Nevertheless, the treatment of subcostal incisional hernia is considered to be more complex. Currently, there are no published data about mesh augmentation procedures to close these laparotomies. METHODS: This was a longitudinal, prospective, cohort study of patients undergoing a bilateral subcostal laparotomy in elective operations...
June 29, 2016: Surgery
Giulio Nicita, Donata Villari, Simone Caroassai Grisanti, Michele Marzocco, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Alberto Martini
BACKGROUND: Rectourethral fistulas (RUFs) represent an uncommon complication of pelvic surgery, especially radical prostatectomy. To date there is no standardised treatment for managing RUFs. This represents a challenge for surgeons, mainly because of the potential recurrence risk. OBJECTIVE: To describe our minimally invasive transanal repair (MITAR) of RUFs and to assess its safety and outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively evaluated 12 patients who underwent MITAR of RUF at our centre from October 2008 to December 2014...
June 20, 2016: European Urology
Anne-Marie O'Donnell, David Coyle, Prem Puri
AIM: Voltage-gated sodium channel subtype 9 (Nav1.9) are expressed in dorsal root ganglion neurons and are known to be involved in pain during inflammation. Animal studies have reported Nav1.9 channel expression in myenteric intrinsic primary afferent neurons (IPANs). More recently, a study involving Nav1.9 knockout mice showed clear evidence of colonic dysmotility. However, there are no data regarding the expression of these channels in the human intestine, thus, the aim of our study was to determine Nav1...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jiten Kulkarni, Anuradha J Patil, Bhaskar Musande, Abhishek B Bhamare
BACKGROUND: Although gracilis muscle transposition for faecal incontinence has been well-described method, its literature for use in obstetric perineal tear without colostomy is sparse. In this study, we have tried to analyse its use in fourth-degree obstetric perineal tears. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients with recto-vaginal fistula with faecal incontinence secondary to obstetric perineal tear were retrospectively studied between February 2003 and May 2014...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Omid Amanollahi, Saman Ketabchian
BACKGROUND: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) disease is one of the congenital anomalies with an incidence of about 1 in 5000 neonate births, and treatment requires surgical intervention. Selecting the one- or three-step surgical procedure to treat the disease, especially in female neonates with rectovestibular fistula, is a subject of debate. This study aims to compare the advantages and disadvantages of these two methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty female neonates with ARM and rectovestibular fistula between March 2011 and March 2013 were included in the study, and they were divided into two equal groups...
January 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
David Coyle, Justin M Murphy, Brian Doyle, Anne Marie O'Donnell, John Gillick, Prem Puri
AIM: To determine if expression of colonic tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH2), a surrogate marker of neuronal 5-hydroxytryptamine, is altered in Hirschsprung's-associated enterocolitis. METHODS: Entire resected colonic specimens were collected at the time of pull-through operation in children with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR, n = 12). Five of these patients had a history of pre-operative Hirschsprung's-associated enterocolitis (HAEC). Controls were collected at colostomy closure in children with anorectal malformation (n = 10)...
May 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Balazs Banky, Fergal Marlborough, Iona MacLeod, Talvinder S Gill
Colouterine fistula as a potential complication of chronic diverticulitis is a rare entity with less than 30 cases reported worldwide. Generally, patients require a multidisciplinary approach including a major laparotomy with hysterectomy and sigmoid colectomy, and, occasionally, temporary colostomy. We report the first attempt of a novel, minimally invasive technique for managing a case of benign colouterine fistula with single-incision laparoscopic (SIL) sigmoid colectomy and uterus preservation. A small, 3 cm incision site provided access for the whole operation, as well as played a role as the specimen extraction site...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
B Moldovan, F Pescaru, D Pocreaţă, P Biriş, A Moldovan, M E Căpîlna
UNLABELLED: Summary BACKGROUND: This paper aims to present a "pattern" of oncosurgery solution in a case generally considered unrecoverable: intestinal occlusion in case of ovarian carcinoma and carcinomatosis. CASE REPORT: A 62-year-old female patient with ascites, carcinomatosis, unresectable pelvic tumour, and intestinal obstruction suffered a five-step oncosurgery "model": three surgical interventions overlapping chemotherapy administered via the systemic and intraperitoneal route: Step 1: colostomy and partial omentectomy; Step 2: five courses of systemic chemotherapy supported by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor; Step 3: radical surgery--total hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy, omentectomy, appendectomy, pelvic peritonectomy, and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy; Step 4: consolidation systemic chemotherapy consisting of three more similar cycles; Step 5: closure of the colostomy...
2016: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Wouter B van der Sluis, Mark-Bram Bouman, Marlon E Buncamper, Garry L S Pigot, Margriet G Mullender, Wilhelmus J H J Meijerink
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience and results obtained in the management of neovaginal fistulas after vaginoplasty as gender reassignment surgery in transgender women. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of 1,082 transgender women who underwent 1,037 primary and 80 revision vaginoplasty procedures between 1990 and 2015. Thirty-five women underwent both primary and later revision vaginoplasty at our institution. Patient, clinical, surgical, and outcome characteristics were reviewed...
June 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
A Le, Z Wang, L Shan, T Xiao, G Luo, Y Shen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the causes of rectal injuries during laparoscopic peritoneal vaginoplasty (Luohu operation) and assess measures that can be taken to increase safety of the operation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients with rectal injuries that occurred during Luohu vaginoplasty were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Three hundred and six patients received Luohu vaginoplasty. Rectal injuries occurred in 13 patients (4.2%). All patients recovered after intraoperative repair or postoperative rectovaginal fistula repair, performed within three to six months...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Akio Hayashi, Yoshiyuki Susaki, Naoko Ose, Yukiyasu Takeuchi, Hajime Maeda
A colopleural fistula is a rare condition reported to be caused by Crohn's disease, a malignant tumor of the gastrointestinal tract, and other clinical conditions. Some studies have noted that a sub-diaphragmatic abscess, usually organized following abdominal surgery, may play some role in the formation of this type of fistula. Therefore, a colopleural fistula is a complication very rarely encountered by thoracic surgeons after lung resection.We experienced an extremely rare case of colopleural fistula following a left lower lobectomy for lung aspergillosis...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
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