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Male circumcision

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088311/prevalence-of-preoperative-penile-abnormalities-among-voluntary-male-medical-circumcision-patients-in-swaziland
#1
Anthony R Oddo, Elizabeth Ruedrich, Christopher Zust, Lindsey Marugg, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Rebekah Sartori, Ronald Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Circumcision has been found to be an effective strategy for lowering the transmission of HIV in Africa. The Luke Commission, a mobile hospital outreach program, has used this information to decrease the rate of HIV in Swaziland by performing voluntary male medical circumcisions throughout the country. During many of these circumcisions, genital medical conditions and penile abnormalities are simultaneously discovered and corrected. PURPOSE: The goal of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of penile abnormalities discovered and treated during voluntary male medical circumcisions performed by The Luke Commission (TLC) throughout rural Swaziland...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079830/geographic-coverage-of-male-circumcision-in-western-kenya
#2
Adam Akullian, Mathews Onyango, Daniel Klein, Jacob Odhiambo, Anna Bershteyn
Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention has scaled up rapidly among young men in western Kenya since 2008. Whether the program has successfully reached uncircumcised men evenly across the region is largely unknown. Using data from two cluster randomized surveys from the 2008 and 2014 Kenyan Demographic Health Survey (KDHS), we mapped the continuous spatial distribution of circumcised men by age group across former Nyanza Province to identify geographic areas where local circumcision prevalence is lower than the overall, regional prevalence...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074706/christians-cut-popular-religion-and-the-global-health-campaign-for-medical-male-circumcision-in-swaziland
#3
Casey Golomski, Sonene Nyawo
Swaziland faces one of the worst HIV epidemics in the world and is a site for the current global health campaign in sub-Saharan Africa to medically circumcise the majority of the male population. Given that Swaziland is also majority Christian, how does the most popular religion influence acceptance, rejection or understandings of medical male circumcision? This article considers interpretive differences by Christians across the Kingdom's three ecumenical organisations, showing how a diverse group people singly glossed as 'Christian' in most public health acceptability studies critically rejected the procedure in unity, but not uniformly...
January 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070411/an-intersectional-approach-for-understanding-the-vulnerabilities-of-english-speaking-heterosexual-caribbean-youth-to-hiv-aids-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-prevention-and-intervention-strategies
#4
REVIEW
Marcia Elizabeth Sutherland
Caribbean youth comprise about 30 percent of the English-speaking Caribbean population, and about 81,000 Caribbean and Latin American youth are HIV infected. AIDS is the leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-old English-speaking Caribbean youth. This article relies on intersectionality theory in the assessment of the macro-level, or structural variables, and micro-level, or individual level, variables that influence the risk-taking sexual behaviors of heterosexual English-speaking Caribbean youth and increase their vulnerability to HIV/sexually transmitted infections...
July 2016: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069002/unpacking-early-infant-male-circumcision-decision-making-using-qualitative-findings-from-zimbabwe
#5
Webster Mavhu, Karin Hatzold, Getrude Ncube, Shamiso Fernando, Collin Mangenah, Kumbirai Chatora, Roy Dhlamini, Owen Mugurungi, Ismail Ticklay, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: Early infant male circumcision (EIMC) has been identified as a key HIV prevention intervention. Exploring the decision-making process for adoption of EIMC for HIV prevention among parents and other key stakeholders is critical for designing effective demand creation interventions to maximize uptake, roll out and impact in preventing HIV. This paper describes key players, decisions and actions involved in the EIMC decision-making process. METHODS: Two complementary qualitative studies explored hypothetical and actual acceptability of EIMC in Zimbabwe...
January 9, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#6
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046126/correction-modeling-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-increased-efforts-to-attract-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-clients-ages-20-29-in-zimbabwe
#7
Katharine Kripke, Karin Hatzold, Owen Mugurungi, Gertrude Ncube, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Elizabeth Gold, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Natalie Kruse-Levy, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164144.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046115/correction-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-malawi-modeling-the-impact-and-cost-of-focusing-the-program-by-client-age-and-geography
#8
Katharine Kripke, Frank Chimbwandira, Zebedee Mwandi, Faustin Matchere, Melissa Schnure, Jason Reed, Delivette Castor, Sema Sgaier, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156521.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046114/correction-cost-and-impact-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa-focusing-the-program-on-specific-age-groups-and-provinces
#9
Katherine Kripke, Ping-An Chen, Andrea Vazzano, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Yogan Pillay, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Collen Bonnecwe, Peter Barron, Eva Kiwango, Delivette Castor, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157071.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046112/correction-assessing-progress-impact-and-next-steps-in-rolling-out-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-14-priority-countries-in-eastern-and-southern-africa-through-2014
#10
Katharine Kripke, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Julia Samuelson, Melissa Schnure, Shona Dalal, Timothy Farley, Catherine Hankins, Anne G Thomas, Jason Reed, Peter Stegman, Naomi Bock
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158767.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046093/correction-estimating-client-out-of-pocket-costs-for-accessing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#11
Michel Tchuenche, Vibhuti Haté, Dacia McPherson, Eurica Palmer, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164147.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046088/correction-the-cost-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#12
Michel Tchuenche, Eurica Palmer, Vibhuti Haté, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160207.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046086/correction-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-swaziland-modeling-the-impact-of-age-targeting
#13
Katharine Kripke, Velephi Okello, Vusi Maziya, Wendy Benzerga, Munamato Mirira, Elizabeth Gold, Melissa Schnure, Sema Sgaier, Delivette Castor, Jason Reed, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156776.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046081/correction-modeling-the-impact-of-uganda-s-safe-male-circumcision-program-implications-for-age-and-regional-targeting
#14
Katharine Kripke, Andrea Vazzano, William Kirungi, Joshua Musinguzi, Alex Opio, Rhobbinah Ssempebwa, Susan Nakawunde, Sheila Kyobutungi, Juliet N Akao, Fred Magala, George Mwidu, Delivette Castor, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158693.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017691/cultural-background-non-therapeutic-circumcision-and-the-risk-of-meatal-stenosis-and-other-urethral-stricture-disease-two-nationwide-register-based-cohort-studies-in-denmark-1977-2013
#15
Morten Frisch, Jacob Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Meatal stenosis is markedly more common in circumcised than genitally intact males, affecting 5-20 per cent of circumcised boys. However, no population-based study has estimated the relative risk of meatal stenosis and other urethral stricture diseases (USDs) or the population attributable fraction (AFp) associated with non-therapeutic circumcision. METHODS: In two nationwide cohort studies (comprising 4.0 million males of all ages and 810 719 non-Muslim males aged 0-36 years, respectively), we compared hospital contact rates for USD during 1977-2013 between circumcised and intact Danish males...
December 22, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011913/trends-and-determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-concordance-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-heterosexual-couples-in-rakai-uganda
#16
Mary K Grabowski, Patti E Gravitt, Ronald H Gray, David Serwadda, Andrew D Redd, Godfrey Kigozi, Xiangrong Kong, Fred Nalugoda, Maria J Wawer, Thomas C Quinn, Aaron A R Tobian
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among HIV-negative or HIV-positive couples followed longitudinally. METHODS: Genital HPV was assessed in 725 concordant HIV-negative couples and 209 HIV-positive couples enrolled in a male circumcision trial in Rakai, Uganda using the Roche Linear Array assay which detects 37 HPV genotypes. HPV prevalence and determinants of genotype-specific concordance were assessed at annual visits...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011606/penile-immune-activation-and-risk-of-hiv-shedding-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Eshan U Patel, Allison R Kirkpatrick, Mary Kate Grabowski, Godfrey Kigozi, Ronald H Gray, Jessica L Prodger, Andrew D Redd, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Maria J Wawer, Thomas C Quinn, Aaron A R Tobian
BACKGROUND: Genital immune activation is suspected to modulate local HIV RNA levels and the risk of sexual HIV transmission. METHODS: A prospective, observational cohort study of 221 HIV-infected men undergoing male circumcision (MC) was conducted in Rakai, Uganda. Penile lavage samples collected from the coronal sulcus at baseline and 4 weekly visits after MC were assayed for pro-inflammatory cytokines and HIV-1 RNA. The main analysis was limited to 175 men with detectable HIV plasma viral load (VL>400 copies/mL; n=808 visits)...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005975/correction-modeling-costs-and-impacts-of-introducing-early-infant-male-circumcision-for-long-term-sustainability-of-the-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-program
#18
Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Peter Stegman, Katharine Kripke, Owen Mugurungi, Gertrude Ncube, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Karin Hatzold, Alice Christensen, John Stover
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159167.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004014/risky-exposures-and-national-estimate-of-hcv-seroprevalence-among-school-children-in-urban-egypt
#19
Ekram W Abd El-Wahab, Ahmed Abdel Maksoud, Hanan Z Shatat, Amira M Kotkat
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world, particularly in Egypt. Limited data are available concerning the national seroprevalence and the possible modes of transmission of HCV in the pediatric age group. The aim of this study was to obtain a better estimate of the national hepatitis C seroprevalence and the possible risky exposures among healthy school children in Alexandria; the second biggest city in Egypt. HCV knowledge and counseling for school children were also investigated...
December 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990718/determinants-of-morbidity-associated-with-infant-male-circumcision-community-level-population-based-study-in-rural-ghana
#20
Thomas Gyan, Kimberley McAuley, Natalie A Strobel, Caitlin Shannon, Sam Newton, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyemang, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Betty Kirkwood, Karen Edmond
OBJECTIVE: Male circumcision services have expanded throughout Africa as part of a long-term HIV prevention strategy. We assessed the effect of type of service provider (formal and informal) and hygiene practices on circumcision-related morbidities in rural Ghana. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study conducted between May and December 2012 involving 2850 circumcised infant males aged under 12 weeks. Multivariable logistic regression models were adjusted for maternal age, maternal education, income, birth weight and site of circumcision...
December 19, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
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