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Male circumcision

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632768/the-cost-of-demand-creation-activities-and-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-targeting-school-going-adolescents-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#1
Gavin George, Michael Strauss, Elias Asfaw
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medical male circumcision is an integral part of the South African government's response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. However, there remains a limited body of economic analysis on the cost of VMMC programming, and the demand creation activities used to mobilize males, especially among adolescent boys in school. This study addresses this gap by presenting the costs of a VMMC program which adopted two demand creation strategies targeting school-going males in South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610616/underutilisation-of-routinely-collected-data-in-the-hiv-programme-in-zambia-a-review-of-quantitatively-analysed-peer-reviewed-articles
#2
REVIEW
Tendai Munthali, Patrick Musonda, Paul Mee, Sehlulekile Gumede, Ab Schaap, Alwyn Mwinga, Caroline Phiri, Nathan Kapata, Charles Michelo, Jim Todd
BACKGROUND: The extent to which routinely collected HIV data from Zambia has been used in peer-reviewed published articles remains unexplored. This paper is an analysis of peer-reviewed articles that utilised routinely collected HIV data from Zambia within six programme areas from 2004 to 2014. METHODS: Articles on HIV, published in English, listed in the Directory of open access journals, African Journals Online, Google scholar, and PubMed were reviewed. Only articles from peer-reviewed journals, that utilised routinely collected data and included quantitative data analysis methods were included...
June 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607945/why-are-we-cutting-a-survey-of-cultural-views-on-circumcision-in-the-texas-panhandle
#3
Jerrod Spense, Janet Meller, James Abbey, Kayla Foster, Cynthia Sirri, Mubariz Naqvi
To determine the factors that may contribute to parents' decision to circumcise their son in the Texas Panhandle region, voluntary surveys were distributed to all mothers with term male newborns during the mandatory discharge planning class. The father being circumcised (P < .0001), Caucasian (P < .05), and some graduate school of the caregiver (P < .011) were factors most correlated with newborns being circumcised. Newborns of Hispanic origin, those having Medicaid insurance, and a Catholic affiliation were less likely to be circumcised...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605174/-now-that-you-are-circumcised-you-cannot-have-first-sex-with-your-wife-post-circumcision-sexual-behaviours-and-beliefs-among-men-in-wakiso-district-uganda
#4
Simon Peter Sebina Kibira, Lynn Muhimbuura Atuyambe, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Fredrick Edward Makumbi, Marguerite Daniel
INTRODUCTION: Safe male circumcision is an important biomedical intervention in the comprehensive HIV prevention programmes implemented in 14 sub-Saharan African countries with high HIV prevalence. To sustain its partial protective benefit, it is important that perceived reduced HIV risk does not lead to behavioural risk compensation among circumcised men and their sexual partners. This study explored beliefs that may influence post circumcision sexual behaviours among circumcised men in a programme setting...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597554/clinical-outcomes-in-a-specialist-male-genital-skin-clinic-prospective-follow-up-of-600-patients
#5
M Shah
It is important to assess outcomes for medical interventions in order to focus scarce resources on outcomes with a known positive benefit. An open, observational study was performed to assess the clinical outcomes of 600 male patients with a genital skin problem attending a specialist secondary care dermatology facility. Patients were mainly referred by general practitioners and genitourinary medicine physicians. Outcome was measured at 3 and 6 months, and was determined by clinical examination and assessment of patient symptoms...
June 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589215/utilities-of-scrotal-flap-for-reconstruction-of-penile-skin-defects-after-severe-burn-injury
#6
REVIEW
Le Guo, Minghua Zhang, Jizhang Zeng, Pengfei Liang, Pihong Zhang, Xiaoyuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to present our experience of an effective two-stage surgical approach using scrotal skin flap for patients with penile skin defects following severe burn injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 patients with penile skin defects underwent scheduled two-stage reconstruction using scrotal skin flap from January 2004 to October 2016. Patients, who were selected as eligible candidates for scrotal flap, exhibited a wide range of indications, including iatrogenic injuries (e...
June 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571679/side-to-side-refluxing-non-dismembered-ureterocystotomy-a-novel-strategy-to-address-obstructed-megaureters-in-children
#7
Fahad A Alyami, Martin A Koyle, Paul R Bowlin, Joseph M Gleason, Luis H Braga, Armando J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: A non-refluxing megaureter (NRMU) is a relatively common cause of antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH). Although non-operative management is favored, surgical intervention is sometimes warranted. There is controversy regarding the best approach, particularly in young children. Herein we describe our experience with a non-dismembered side-to-side refluxing ureterocystotomy (UC) as a simple option to address obstruction. METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2017, 32 patients underwent UC, performed at four referral centers in North America...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567234/penile-inflammatory-skin-disorders-and-the-preventive-role-of-circumcision
#8
REVIEW
Brian J Morris, John N Krieger
Penile inflammatory skin conditions such as balanitis and posthitis are common, especially in uncircumcised males, and feature prominently in medical consultations. We conducted a systematic review of the medical literature on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cohrane databases using keywords "balanitis," "posthitis," "balanoposthitis," "lichen sclerosus," "penile inflammation," and "inflammation penis," along with "circumcision," "circumcised," and "uncircumcised." Balanitis is the most common inflammatory disease of the penis...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540221/circumcision-and-its-effects-in-africa
#9
REVIEW
Taiwo Akeem Lawal, E Oluwabunmi Olapade-Olaopa
Male circumcision is one of the most commonly performed procedures in Africa, with a wide variation between the different regions on the practice. This is because circumcision is often done for religious and cultural or traditional reasons, which includes being part of rituals or rite of passage to adulthood. There had been few medical indications for the procedure until the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic, which is prevalent in many of the countries in the region...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540220/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-africa
#10
REVIEW
Akin-Tunde A Odukogbe, Bosede B Afolabi, Oluwasomidoyin O Bello, Ayodeji S Adeyanju
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice in which the external female genitalia is partially or totally incised or excised for a non-therapeutic reason, usually without the consent of the individual. FGM/C is common in Africa with varying prevalence in different countries, though the incidence is reducing because it is considered a human rights issue with tremendous advocacy for its elimination by mainly nongovernmental organizations. It is mainly underreported in many countries in Africa especially where it has been declared illegal...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534860/hemophilia-care-in-the-pediatric-age
#11
REVIEW
Marta Bertamino, Francesca Riccardi, Laura Banov, Johanna Svahn, Angelo Claudio Molinari
Hemophilia is the most common of the severe bleeding disorders and if not properly managed since early infancy can lead to chronic disease and lifelong disabilities. However, it enjoys the most efficacious and safe treatment among the most prevalent monogenic disorders. Hemophilia should be considered in the neonatal period in the case of unusual bleeding or in the case of positive family history. Later, hemophilia should be suspected mainly in males because of abnormal bruising/bleeding or unusual bleeding following invasive procedures-for example, tonsillectomy or circumcision...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528464/evidence-based-identification-of-key-beliefs-explaining-infant-male-circumcision-motivation-among-expectant-parents-in-zimbabwe-targets-for-behavior-change-messaging
#12
Daniel E Montaño, Mufuta Tshimanga, Deven T Hamilton, Gerald Gorn, Danuta Kasprzyk
Slow adult male circumcision uptake is one factor leading some to recommend increased priority for infant male circumcision (IMC) in sub-Saharan African countries. This research, guided by the integrated behavioral model (IBM), was carried out to identify key beliefs that best explain Zimbabwean parents' motivation to have their infant sons circumcised. A quantitative survey, designed from qualitative elicitation study results, was administered to independent representative samples of 800 expectant mothers and 795 expectant fathers in two urban and two rural areas in Zimbabwe...
May 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522221/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-different-circumcisions-for-patients-with-redundant-prepuce-or-phimosis-a-network-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Chuiguo Huang, Pan Song, Changbao Xu, Ruofan Wang, Lei Wei, Xinghua Zhao
BACKGROUND: Phimosis and redundant prepuce are defined as the inability of the foreskin to be retracted behind the glans penis in uncircumcised males. To synthesize the evidence and provide the hierarchies of different circumcisions for phimosis and redundant prepuce, we performed an overall network meta-analysis (NMA) based on their comparative efficacy and safety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Wan Fang, VIP, CNKI and CBM database were researched from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for redundant prepuce or phimosis...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521718/voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-among-rwanda-defense-force-members
#14
Michael P Grillo, Djeneba Audrey Djibo, Caroline A Macera, Charles Murego, Eugene Zimulinda, Marcellin Sebagabo, Valentin Gatsinzi
INTRODUCTION: Strong scientific evidence supports voluntary medical male circumcision as part of an overall HIV prevention strategy, but self-report information on circumcision status may be inaccurate. The study objectives were to obtain estimates of male circumcision within the Rwanda Defense Force (RDF), to assess the ability of soldiers to correctly report their own circumcision status, and to document the uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in the RDF. METHODS: Data were collected from members of the Rwandan military during their annual physical examination...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521714/development-and-implementation-of-the-dhapp-military-ehealth-information-network-system
#15
Mary Kratz, Anne Thomas, Ricardo Hora, Delphis Vera, Mickey Lutz, Mark D Johnson
As the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the Global Fund, and the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief focus on reaching 90-90-90 goals, military health systems are scaling up to meet the data demands of these ambitious objectives. Since 2008, the US Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP) has been working with military partners in 14 countries on implementation and adoption of a Military eHealth Information Network (MeHIN). Each country implementation plan followed a structured process using international eHealth standards...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521713/global-hiv-prevention-testing-and-counseling-in-military-populations
#16
Michael P Grillo, Margo Sloan, Che Wankie, Kelly Woodland, Elizabeth Reader, Bruce Porter, Richard Shaffer, Caroline A Macera, Marc Bulterys
BACKGROUND: Compared with the general population in low- and middle-income countries, military members tend to be male, young, travel more frequently away from their main sexual partners, drink more alcohol and have a consistent source of income. All of these factors may lead to an increased risk of contracting HIV. OBJECTIVE: In response, the Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program advocates for the integration of HIV prevention "building blocks" into military health services to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV among foreign uniformed services...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506597/a-practice-pattern-assessment-of-members-of-the-society-of-pediatric-urology-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-dilation
#17
Jessica N Jackson, Rebecca S Zee, Allison N Martin, Sean T Corbett, C D Anthony Herndon
INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade the literature, including a multidisciplinary consensus statement, has supported a paradigm shift in management of urinary tract dilation, yet the impact on practice patterns has not been well documented. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to elucidate specific practice patterns for treatment of prenatal unilateral urinary tract dilation and to assess surgical intervention patterns for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was distributed to 234 pediatric urologists through the Society of Pediatric Urology...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501964/consensus-statement-supporting-safer-conception-and-pregnancy-for-men-and-women-living-with-and-affected-by-hiv
#18
Lynn T Matthews, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Ian Cooke, Natasha Davies, Renee Heffron, Angela Kaida, John Kinuthia, Okeoma Mmeje, Augusto E Semprini, Shannon Weber
Safer conception interventions reduce HIV incidence while supporting the reproductive goals of people living with or affected by HIV. We developed a consensus statement to address demand, summarize science, identify information gaps, outline research and policy priorities, and advocate for safer conception services. This statement emerged from a process incorporating consultation from meetings, literature, and key stakeholders. Three co-authors developed an outline which was discussed and modified with co-authors, working group members, and additional clinical, policy, and community experts in safer conception, HIV, and fertility...
May 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498835/is-traditional-male-circumcision-effective-as-an-hiv-prevention-strategy-evidence-from-lesotho
#19
Elisa M Maffioli
In many developing countries, male circumcision has been promoted as an effective HIV prevention strategy, and medical randomized controlled trials have indeed shown a causal link. However, there is limited empirical evidence to support this conclusion in countries where individuals can voluntary opt for different types of circumcision. The present study considers male circumcision in Lesotho, where HIV prevalence is among the highest in the world (23%). Here, men can opt for one of two types of circumcision: traditional male circumcision in initiation schools, or the medical option in health clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482949/predictors-of-male-circumcision-among-men-aged-15-35-years-in-harare-zimbabwe
#20
Kudzaishe Mangombe, Ishumael Kalule-Sabiti
Medical male circumcision has been recommended by the World Health Organization as part of a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention. Zimbabwe is one of the fourteen sub-Saharan countries that embarked on the Medical Male Circumcision (MMC) programme. However, the country has not yet met male circumcision targets. This paper examines the predictors of male circumcision in Zimbabwe. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 784 men aged 15-35 years in Harare, Zimbabwe. Negative log-log logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of male circumcision...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
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