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Fellowship training surgery

Mohd Raashid Sheikh, Houssam Osman, Muhammad Umar Butt, Dhiresh Rohan Jeyarajah
BACKGROUND: Hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery experience during residency in the Americas is limited. Residents interested in HPB surgery have different options available for further training. This study evaluated training in HPB surgery received during general surgery (GS) residency, and sought to determine the perception of fellowship training in HPB surgery. METHODS: An anonymous survey was distributed to all 259 GS residency programs in the United States...
October 13, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Anahita Dua, Steven Koprowski, Gilbert Upchurch, Cheong J Lee, Sapan S Desai
BACKGROUND: In 2014, we published a series of articles in the Journal of Vascular Surgery that detailed the decrease in volume of open aneurysm repair (OAR) completed for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) by vascular surgery trainees. At that time, only data points from 2000 through 2011 were available, and reliable predictions could only be made through 2015. Lack of data on endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using fenestrated (FEVAR) and branched (BrEVAR) endografts also affected our findings...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Yusuke Watanabe, Amin Madani, Elif Bilgic, Katherine M McKendy, Gada Enani, Iman Ghaderi, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman, Melina C Vassiliou
BACKGROUND: General surgery residency may not adequately prepare residents for independent practice. It is unclear; however, if non-ACGME-accredited fellowships are better meeting training needs. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to determine perceived preparedness for practice and to identify gaps in fellowship training. METHODS: A survey was developed using an iterative qualitative methodology based on interviews and focus groups of graduated fellows and program directors...
October 14, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Srinivas M Susarla, Erin M Rada, Joseph Lopez, Edward W Swanson, Devin Miller, Richard J Redett, Anand R Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the H index and the academic rank among full-time academic craniofacial surgeons. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of full-time academic craniofacial surgeons. SETTING: Data were compiled and analyzed at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital. RESULTS: The study sample included 127 full-time academic craniofacial surgeons. Overall, 89% were men, the mean number of years since completion of training was 16...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Asra Hashmi, Rohan Policherla, Hector Campbell, Faraz A Khan, Adam Schumaier, Faisal Al-Mufarrej
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comprehensiveness of plastic surgery program websites. DESIGN: American Medical Association interactive database was accessed for the list of integrated plastic surgery programs, in June 2015. Since then, 67 plastic surgery program websites were accessed and searched for the presence or absence of 31 criteria, which were further grouped into 5 categories: First, program contact information; second, training and research; third, program setup; fourth, benefits and facilities; and fifth, information for applicants...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
H W Nijhof, R Silvis, R C L M Vuylsteke, S J Oosterling, H Rijna, H B A C Stockmann
BACKGROUND: Colorectal resections are increasingly performed laparoscopically, and training in laparoscopic resections in the Netherlands has shifted from a post-residency fellowship to training in residency. The question remains if this supervised surgery affects short-term patient outcome. METHODS: Between January 2010 and July 2014, 523 consecutive patients, who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resection, were selected from a prospective single-center database...
October 4, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
P H Smith, M Carpenter, K W Herbst, C Kim
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery has become an important aspect of Pediatric Urology fellowship training. In 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education published the Pediatric Urology Milestone Project as a metric of fellow proficiency in multiple facets of training, including laparoscopic/robotic procedures. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed trends in minimally invasive surgery training and utilization of the Milestones among recent Pediatric Urology fellows...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Jason Silvestre, Christopher Runyan, Jesse A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: In North America, the number of craniofacial surgery fellowship graduates is increasing, yet an analysis of practice settings upon graduation is lacking. We characterize the practice types of recent graduates of craniofacial fellowship programs in the United States and Canada. DESIGN: A 6-year cohort of craniofacial fellows in the United States and Canada (2010-2016) were obtained from craniofacial programs recognized by the American Society of Craniofacial Surgery...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Ross Elledge, Jason Green, Alan Attard
Surgery of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is increasingly recognised as a subspecialist area of interest within our specialty and many procedures such as arthroscopy, arthroplasty, and replacement of the TMJ are becoming increasingly centralised and restricted to certain regions. We previously made a national survey of trainees and have sought to augment this with a survey of trainers to find out the nature of practice and patterns of referral nationally. We have also examined the consultants' expectations of competent final-year trainees...
September 26, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Jeannine Marie Miranne, Robert Eric Gutman, Andrew Ian Sokol, Amy Josephine Park, Cheryl Bernadette Iglesia
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of a new personalized risk calculator increases patient satisfaction with the decision whether or not to have a prophylactic midurethral sling (MUS) during pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial involving English-speaking women without symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with ≥ stage 2 POP who planned to undergo POP surgery with 1 of 4 fellowship-trained urogynecologists at a single academic center...
September 26, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
C Vu, E Hernly, E Carey, K Swan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Austin S Lam, Sarah K Wise, Raj C Dedhia
OBJECTIVE: To assess the practice characteristics of adult sleep otolaryngologists within US otolaryngology residency training programs. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: Otolaryngology residency training programs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Program directors from 106 otolaryngology training programs in the United States were contacted. Program directors were instructed to forward a survey to otolaryngologists within the institution who provided Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Otolaryngology Milestone Project feedback in "sleep-disordered breathing...
September 27, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Bradford J Kim, Nakul P Valsangkar, Tiffany W Liang, Michael P Murphy, Teresa A Zimmers, Teresa M Bell, Mark G Davies, Leonidas G Koniaris
OBJECTIVE: Changing training paradigms in vascular surgery have been introduced to reduce overall training time. Herein, we sought to examine how shortened training for vascular surgeons may have influenced overall divisional academic productivity. METHODS: Faculty from the top 55 surgery departments were identified according to National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding. Academic metrics of 315 vascular surgery, 1132 general surgery, and 2,403 other surgical specialties faculty were examined using institutional websites, Scopus, and NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools from September 1, 2014 to January 31, 2015...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Jacob D Gire, Michael J Gardner, Alex H S Harris, Julius A Bishop
PURPOSE: There has recently been an increase in the number of fellowship trained orthopaedic trauma surgeons, raising concerns that the surgical experience of early career surgeons may be diluted. We sought to evaluate the change in complex trauma case volume of orthopaedic trauma surgeons sitting for Part II of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons certification examination. METHODS: The case log data from all surgeons taking Part II of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons examination over a 13-year period (2003-2015) was evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Andrew R Styperek, Leonard H Goldberg, Laura E Goldschmidt, Arash Kimyai-Asadi
BACKGROUND: Histologic examination of tissue is the foundation of Mohs micrographic surgery because determination of surgical margins influences whether additional tissue will be taken. Currently, there is no large focused study comparing toluidine blue (TB) and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stains in the evaluation of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates whether TB and H&E are comparable in assessing the presence of tumor in frozen sections of SCC...
September 21, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Abigail Waldman, Kenneth A Arndt, Mathew M Avram, Mariah R Brown, Jeffrey S Dover, Sabrina G Fabi, Daniel P Friedmann, Roy G Geronemus, David J Goldberg, Mitchel P Goldman, Jeremy B Green, Omar A Ibrahimi, Derek H Jones, Suzanne L Kilmer, David H McDaniel, Suzan Obagi, Arisa E Ortiz, Thomas E Rohrer, Mark B Taylor, Abel Torres, Susan H Weinkle, Margaret A Weiss, Eduardo T Weiss, Robert A Weiss, Emily Poon, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: The American Council of Graduate Medical Education, which oversees much of postgraduate medical education in the United States, has championed the concept of "milestones," standard levels of achievement keyed to particular time points, to assess trainee performance during residency. OBJECTIVE: To develop a milestones document for the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS) Cosmetic Dermatologic Surgery (CDS) fellowship program. METHODS: An ad hoc milestone drafting committee was convened that included members of the ASDS Accreditation Work Group and program directors of ASDS-approved Cosmetic Dermatologic Surgery (CDC) fellowship training programs...
October 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Mark William Louie-Johnsun, Marcus M Handmer, Ross John Spero Calopedos, Charles Chabert, Ronald J Cohen, Troy R J Gianduzzo, Paul A Kearns, Daniel A Moon, Jason Ooi, Tom Shannon, David Sofield, Andrew H H Tan
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the Australian experience of high-volume Fellowship-trained Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (LRP) surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2943 LRP cases were performed by nine Australian surgeons. The inclusion criteria were a prospectively collected database with a minimum of 100 consecutive LRP cases. The surgeons' LRP experience commenced at various times from July 2003 to September 2009. Data were analysed for demographic, peri-operative, oncological and functional outcomes...
September 23, 2016: BJU International
Emily E Weber LeBrun, Hazel Asumu, Anne M Richardson, LouAnn A Cooper, John D Davis
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the expectations of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ObGyn) residency and Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery (FPMRS) fellowship program directors (FPDs) for the independent performance of urogynecologic procedures during residency and to compare these expectations with the Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology (CREOG) educational objectives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two parallel, anonymous surveys were distributed simultaneously to all directors of accredited ObGyn residency and FPMRS fellowship programs in the United States...
September 16, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Timothy J Lin, Ilya Bendich, Alex S Ha, Benjamin J Keeney, Wayne E Moschetti, Ivan M Tomek
BACKGROUND: Radiographic outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been linked to clinical outcomes. The direct anterior approach (DAA) for THA has been criticized by some for providing limited exposure and compromised implant position but allows for routine use of intraoperative fluoroscopy. We sought to determine whether radiographic measurements differed by THA approach using prospective cohorts. METHODS: Two reviewers blinded to surgical approach examined 194 radiographs, obtained 4-6 weeks after primary THA, and obtained measurements for acetabular inclination angle, acetabular anteversion, radiographic limb length discrepancy (LLD), and femoral offset...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Britta Klein, Thomas Haggeney, Daniela Fietz, Sivanjah Indumathy, Kate L Loveland, Mark Hedger, Sabine Kliesch, Wolfgang Weidner, Martin Bergmann, Hans-Christian Schuppe
STUDY QUESTION: Which immune cells and cytokine profiles are characteristic for testicular germ cell neoplasia and what consequences does this have for the understanding of the related testicular immunopathology? SUMMARY ANSWER: The unique immune environment of testicular germ cell neoplasia comprises B cells and dendritic cells as well as high transcript levels of IL-6 and other B cell supporting or T helper cell type 1 (Th1)-driven cytokines and thus differs profoundly from normal testis or inflammatory lesions associated with hypospermatogenesis...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
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