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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521026/tracking-career-paths-of-women-in-neurosurgery
#1
Jaclyn J Renfrow, Analiz Rodriguez, Taylor A Wilson, Isabelle M Germano, Aviva Abosch, Stacey Quintero Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Women represent a growing cohort of US neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To describe postresidency fellowship, practice environment, and updated academic rank among female neurosurgeons. METHODS: Databases from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) and the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) from 1964 to 2013 were reviewed for female neurosurgery residency graduates. Data on postresidency fellowships, practice environment (private vs academic), academic rank, board certification, and AANS/CNS (Congress of Neurological Surgeons) Joint Section on Women in Neurosurgery (WINS) membership were collected in 2016...
May 16, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502388/the-grapefruit-an-alternative-arthroscopic-tool-skill-platform
#2
David A Molho, Stephen M Sylvia, Daniel L Schwartz, Sara L Merwin, I Martin Levy
PURPOSE: To establish the construct validity of an arthroscopic training model that teaches arthroscopic tool skills including triangulation, grasping, precision biting, implant delivery and ambidexterity and uses a whole grapefruit for its training platform. METHODS: For the grapefruit training model (GTM), an arthroscope and arthroscopic instruments were introduced through portals cut in the grapefruit skin of a whole prepared grapefruit. After institutional review board approval, participants performed a set of tasks inside the grapefruit...
May 11, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501657/effects-of-mentorship-on-graduating-vascular-surgery-trainees
#3
Matthew R Smeds, Cindy Huynh, Carol R Thrush, Mohammed M Moursi, Kwame S Amankwah
OBJECTIVE: Mentorship within surgery, particularly vascular surgery, has not been extensively evaluated. This study sought to examine mentorship experiences in graduating vascular trainees. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey examining current mentor relationships, ideal characteristics, academic productivity and operative comfort level was emailed to all U.S. graduating 2015 (n=141) and 2016 (n=144) vascular trainees (VTs) during their last year of training...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501246/advances-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#4
REVIEW
James Michael Parker, Timothy F Feldmann, Kyle G Cologne
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has now become widely adopted for the treatment of colorectal neoplasia, with steady increases in utilization over the past 15 years. Common minimally invasive techniques include multiport laparoscopy, single-incision laparoscopy, and hand-assisted laparoscopy, with the choice of technique depending on several patient and surgeon factors. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery involves a robust learning curve, and fellowship training often lays the foundation for a high-volume laparoscopic practice...
June 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489712/maximizing-surgical-skills-during-fellowship-training
#5
Brian Shiu, Djuro Petkovic, William N Levine, Christopher S Ahmad
Orthopaedic surgery fellowship provides an opportunity to further develop skills in a particular subspecialty. However, the condensed time frame, complex skill acquisition, and clinical demands require efficient and effective learning techniques to achieve mastery. As with any advanced task, success during fellowship training can be achieved with active participation and a goal-directed approach. Skill acquisition can be successfully achieved by following a framework that includes preparation, execution, and reflection for every surgical case...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486371/trends-in-mode-of-hysterectomy-after-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-power-morcellation-advisory
#6
Helga Ottarsdottir, Sarah L Cohen, Mary Cox, Allison Vitonis, Jon I Einarsson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trends in mode of surgery for benign hysterectomy after the 2014 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) morcellation guidelines. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients who underwent a hysterectomy for benign indications, specifically for leiomyomas, at Brigham and Women's Hospital from 2013 to 2015. The rates of abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic, and robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy as well as the perioperative outcomes were compared over the study period...
May 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483536/comparison-of-morcellation-techniques-at-time-of-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-and-myomectomy
#7
Elsemieke A I M Meurs, Luiz Gustavo Brito, Mobolaji Ajao, Emily R Goggins, Allison F Vitonis, Jon I Einarsson, Sarah L Cohen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative outcomes associated with the use of three techniques for tissue removal at the time of laparoscopic hysterectomy and myomectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: II-2 SETTING: Academic hospital in Boston, MA PATIENTS: Women who underwent a laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy or myomectomy involving tissue morcellation in 2014. INTERVENTIONS: One of three morcellation techniques: electronic power morcellation (PM), manual morcellation via vagina (VM) or manual morcellation via minilaparotomy (ML)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475230/outcomes-of-a-pediatric-surgical-oncology-fellowship-in-a-pediatric-cancer-institution
#8
I Fernandez-Pineda, D Sanders, B N Rao, S J Shochat, A M Davidoff
Surgery plays an important role as part of the treatment plan in most children with malignant solid tumors in regards to initial biopsy, upfront resection, and delayed resection. Surgeons also play a critical role in the treatment of surgical complications that may arise during medical treatment. The pediatric surgical oncologist should be familiar with the current treatment guidelines, histology implications, chemotherapy and radiation side effects, tumor staging, and overall care of the child with cancer...
May 5, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471930/development-of-a-multidisciplinary-pediatric-surgery-fellowship
#9
Ryan Krasnosky, Jesse D Meaike, Jordan L McAndrews, Charles H Hyman, Larry H Hollier
With the rapidly changing landscape of medicine, physician assistants (PAs) have solidified their role as integral members of nearly every medical field. As PAs become leaders in smaller, more specialized fields, their duties encompass skills that they had not been exposed to in the broad, comprehensive, standard PA education. Consequently, participation in postgraduate PA education has rapidly expanded to keep up with the demand for additional training. Postgraduate PA education, frequently called "residencies" or "fellowships," offers additional specialized, hands-on, supervised clinical training along with continued didactic teaching on advanced topics...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457346/a-multi-institution-analysis-of-general-surgery-resident-peer-reviewed-publication-trends
#10
Joseph D Forrester, Parswa Ansari, Chandrakanth Are, Edward Auyang, Joseph M Galante, Benjamin T Jarman, Brian R Smith, Anthony C Watkins, Marc L Melcher
BACKGROUND: The process of taking a research project from conception to publication is one way to encourage surgeons to communicate hypothesis, critically assess literature and data, and defend research conclusions to a broad audience. The goal of this study was to define surgery resident publishing epidemiology and identify characteristics of residents and residency programs that might predict increased publication productivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was administered to eight general surgery residency programs to collect residency and resident variables from 1993-2013...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453350/prognostic-variables-for-patient-return-to-work-interval-following-carpal-tunnel-release-in-a-workers-compensation-population
#11
Jenniefer Y Kho, Michael P Gaspar, Patrick M Kane, Sidney M Jacoby, Eon K Shin
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that depressive and anxiety disorders, chronic pain conditions, and work-related factors are significant determinants of the time interval for return to work (RTW) in the workers' compensation (WC) population following carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of all WC patients who underwent open CTR surgery over a 5-year period by 1 of 3 fellowship-trained hand surgeons. One hundred fifty-two wrists in 108 patients (64 unilateral, 44 bilateral) met the inclusion criteria...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446925/ethical-legal-and-clinical-aspects-of-live-surgery-in-urology-contemporary-issues-and-a-glimpse-of-the-future
#12
REVIEW
Alin Adrian Cumpanas, Ovidiu Catalin Ferician, Silviu Constantin Latcu, Catalin Pricop, Razvan Tiberiu Bardan
Beside dry and wet lab training, simulators, video tapes, fellowships and clinical visits, live surgery has gained popularity during the last years, being an attraction point at large scientific meetings and at postgraduate courses as well. This type of surgical training raises both ethical and legal issues. Thus, there are professional societies that have banned such meetings, mainly due to safety reasons for the patient. The current article aims to identify and to discuss ethical and legal issues related to the topic, advantages, disadvantages and weak points of this emerging challenge for modern medicine, trying to analyze the issues from all relevant points of view: those of the patient, the surgeon and the session attendant...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427944/creating-a-global-acute-care-surgery-fellowship-to-meet-international-need
#13
Amina I Merchant, Camila B Walters, Julie Valenzuela, Kelly A McQueen, Addison K May
INTRODUCTION: Existing Acute Care Surgery (ACS) fellowships are positioned to develop well-trained surgeons with specific skills to facilitate improvements in care delivery in Global ACS. Many resident and fellowship programs offer clinical electives that expose trainees to operative experiences, exposing trainees to the needs in resource-challenged settings. However, most lack a focus on long-term development and research designed to enhance the country's local skills, capability, and capacity...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399546/louis-a-goldstein-md-a-pioneer-in-spinal-deformity-surgery
#14
Daren McCalla, Paul T Rubery, Kenneth Foxx, Robert W Molinari, James O Sanders, Addisu Mesfin
: During the first half of the 20th century interest in spinal deformity grew due to common conditions of that era including polio and tuberculosis. This article will discuss Louis Arnold Goldstein, a visionary leader in spinal deformity surgery from Rochester, New York and one of the founders of the Scoliosis Research Society. Louis A. Goldstein was a talented surgeon, administrator and clinician scientist. He also started a spine surgery fellowship program that still bears his name and that continues to train complex spine surgeons...
April 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398104/robotic-surgery-start-up-with-a-fellow-as-the-console-surgeon
#15
Susanne Reinhardt, Inge Boetker Ifaoui, Jorgen Thorup
OBJECTIVE: Owing to the encouraging data on fellowship training in robotic pyeloplasty and the documented benefits of robotic pyeloplasty, the aim of this study was to test the feasibility of starting up pediatric urological robotic surgery in a center with a limited case volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The operative parameters and clinical outcome of the first 25 robotic pyeloplasties performed were compared to data on open and laparoscopic procedures from the previous 5 year period...
April 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384005/outcomes-after-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-patients-with-first-time-versus-recurrent-dislocations
#16
Tyler Marshall, Jose Vega, Marcelo Siqueira, Robert Cagle, Jonathan D Gelber, Paul Saluan
BACKGROUND: The young athletic population makes up the largest portion of shoulder instability and, when treated nonoperatively, has a recurrent dislocation rate as high as 71%. It is unknown how the outcomes of those who have a recurrent dislocation are affected versus those who have a stabilization procedure after a first-time dislocation. PURPOSE: To report the postoperative outcomes of patients with first-time dislocations versus patients with recurrent dislocations before surgery...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383454/does-sex-influence-publication-productivity-among-colorectal-surgeons-participating-in-fellowship-training-programs
#17
Cristina B Geltzeiler, Katherine A Kelley, Priya Srikanth, Karen E Deveney, Sarah Diamond, Charles R Thomas, Brintha K Enestvedt, Vassiliki L Tsikitis
BACKGROUND: Underrepresentation of highly ranked women in academic surgery is recognized. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine whether sex differences exist in faculty representation, academic rank, and publication productivity among colorectal faculty in fellowship programs. DESIGN: American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons fellowship program faculty were identified. Bibliometric data were obtained for each faculty member, including Hirsch index, the Hirsch index divided by research career duration, and number of publications...
May 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349537/the-state-of-academic-sleep-surgery-a-survey-of-united-states-residency-and-fellowship-programs
#18
Christopher J Gouveia, Robert C Kern, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Robson Capasso
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Our objectives were to describe otolaryngology residency programs' experience in and attitudes toward sleep surgery, and describe current otolaryngology sleep fellowships and their impact on future academic practice. STUDY DESIGN: E-mail survey. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to program directors of 106 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited otolaryngology residencies assessing resident sleep medicine experience, program satisfaction, and impact of sleep faculty...
March 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343700/fostering-a-culture-of-innovation-in-academic-surgery
#19
Daniel P McCarthy
Dr McCarthy is a fellow in cardiothoracic surgery at the University of Washington. During his general surgery training at Northwestern University, he completed a research fellowship in surgical innovation and obtained masters' degrees with a focus on health enterprise management, entrepreneurship, and innovation.
April 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333194/aesthetic-surgery-fellowship-selection-criteria-a-national-fellowship-director-survey
#20
Francesco M Egro, Ololade T Saliu, Foad Nahai, Vu T Nguyen
Background: Desirable candidate characteristics for aesthetic surgery fellowship applicants remain unknown because of a lack of data in the literature. Objectives: This study aims to identify the criteria used to select applicants for aesthetic surgery fellowship in the United States. Methods: A 38-question survey was sent in April 2015 to all directors of fellowships endorsed by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (n = 20) in the United States...
February 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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