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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870453/analysis-of-factors-related-to-the-sex-diversity-of-orthopaedic-residency-programs-in-the-united-states
#1
Andrew D Sobel, Ryan M Cox, Beth Ashinsky, Craig P Eberson, Mary K Mulcahey
BACKGROUND: Women are underrepresented as applicants to and trainees of orthopaedic surgery residencies. Factors that attract women to or deter them from orthopaedic surgery have been previously published; however, there has been no analysis of the programs that train high percentages of female residents and the factors that differentiate them from programs that have low percentages of women. The purpose of this study was to identify and compare these factors between programs with high and low percentages of female residents...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870452/a-comparison-of-defense-and-plaintiff-expert-witnesses-in-orthopaedic-surgery-malpractice-litigation
#2
Howard Y Park, Stephen D Zoller, William L Sheppard, Vishal Hegde, Ryan A Smith, Rachel M Borthwell, Samuel J Clarkson, Christopher D Hamad, Joshua D Proal, Nicholas M Bernthal
BACKGROUND: According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Standards of Professionalism, the responsible testimony of expert witnesses in orthopaedic surgery malpractice lawsuits is important to the public interest. However, these expert witnesses are recruited and compensated without established standards, and their testimony can potentially sway court opinion, with substantial consequences. The objective of this study was to characterize defense and plaintiff expert orthopaedic surgeon witnesses in orthopaedic surgery malpractice litigation...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869890/high-rate-of-return-to-high-intensity-interval-training-after-arthroscopic-management-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome
#3
Andrew J Riff, Gift Ukwuani, Ian Clapp, Kamran Movassaghi, D Michael Kelly, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: Since the inception of CrossFit in 2000, the popularity of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in the United States has risen dramatically. While HIIT is a highly efficient exercise for weight loss and improved conditioning, some literature reports injuries in up to 34% of HIIT participants. We sought to evaluate the functional and sports-specific results of hip arthroscopic surgery in recreational HIIT participants. PURPOSE: To evaluate patients' ability to return to HIIT after hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS)...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851757/diversity-in-the-american-society-of-ophthalmic-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#4
Emily S Charlson, Lester Tsai, Marc A Yonkers, Jeremiah P Tao
PURPOSE: To assess the epidemiology of women and underrepresented minorities (URMs; Hispanic, African American, and Native American) in the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS). METHODS: An observational retrospective study of living ASOPRS members was identified through the ASOPRS member directory, search engine-driven informatics, and direct communication. Members were profiled for gender, race, geographic location, and academic rank (or not)...
May 18, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29813167/a-survey-of-the-prevalence-of-and-techniques-to-prevent-trunnionosis
#5
Michael Marinier, Tori A Edmiston, Sean Kearns, Charles P Hannon, Brett R Levine
Trunnionosis of total hip arthroplasty (THA) components has been an increasingly reported complication. Consensus is lacking regarding preventive practices and the overall incidence of trunnionosis. In this study, fellowship-trained adult reconstruction orthopedic surgeons were surveyed to identify expert opinions. A 25-question, web-based survey regarding trunnionosis incidence, prevention, and biomaterials was sent to 345 fellowship-trained adult reconstruction orthopedic surgeons in North America. The survey yielded 151 (43...
May 29, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801935/accuracy-in-screw-selection-in-a-cadaveric-small-bone-fracture-model
#6
Edward W Jernigan, P Barrett Honeycutt, J Megan M Patterson, Wayne A Rummings, Donald K Bynum, Reid W Draeger
PURPOSE: Using a cadaveric model simulating clinical situations experienced during open reduction and internal fixation of proximal phalangeal fractures, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between level of training and the rates of short, long, and ideal screw length selection based on depth gauge use without fluoroscopy assistance. METHODS: A dorsal approach to the proximal phalanx was performed on the index, middle, and ring fingers of 4 cadaveric specimens, and 3 drill holes were placed in each phalanx...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796398/outcomes-in-the-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-match-2010-2017
#7
Mary K Mulcahey, Meghan K Hayes, Christopher M Smith, Matthew J Kraeutler, Jeffrey D Trojan, Eric C McCarty
Background: Sports medicine is one of the most competitive fellowships in orthopaedic surgery. Despite its popularity, fellowship applicants have limited understanding of the orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship match process. Purpose: To define key outcomes in the orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship match, including the overall match rate, number of programs filled, and number of applicants ranked by programs that filled between 2010 and 2017. Study Design: Cross-sectional study...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784283/accounting-for-early-job-turnover-in-recent-pediatric-surgery-fellowship-graduates-an-american-pediatric-surgical-association-membership-and-credentials-committee-study
#8
Trevor D Crafts, Teresa M Bell, Andrew Srisuwananukorn, Harry Applebaum, Troy A Markel
PURPOSE: Employment opportunities for graduating pediatric surgeons vary from year to year. Significant turnover among new employees indicates fellowship graduates may be unsophisticated in choosing job opportunities which will ultimately be satisfactory for themselves and their families. The purpose of this study was to assess what career, life, and social factors contributed to the turnover rates among pediatric surgeons in their first employment position. METHODS: American Pediatric Surgical Association members who completed fellowship training between 2011 and 2016 were surveyed voluntarily...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781851/the-international-fellowship-program-in-microsurgery-at-uppsala-university-hospital-a-paragon-throughout-europe
#9
Holger Jan Klein
Personal reports with valuable information on plastic surgery fellowships from all over the world are about to accumulate in recent years. Whereas some institutions have rightly become widely renowned for their excellent microsurgery fellow training in Taiwan, Canada, United States, and Australia, less is known about European fellowships focusing on reconstructive microsurgery. As former fellow at the Department of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, the author hereby presents a survey on a unique and exemplary 6-month microsurgical fellowship offering hands-on training, academic education, and not last personal development to ambitious candidates who pursue a career in reconstructive microsurgery...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781284/opioid-prescription-among-sinus-surgeons
#10
Khashayar Arianpour, Brandon Nguyen, Brian Yuhan, Peter F Svider, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
Background Misuse and diversion of opioids have contributed to the U.S. opioid crisis, making an understanding of specialty-specific and procedure-specific trends essential. Objective The objective of this analysis was to evaluate nationwide trends in opioid prescribing patterns among sinus surgeons performing functional endoscopic sinus surgery and maxillary sinus balloon dilation, specifically examining factors associated with variations. Methods High-volume sinus surgeons were identified through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services database and cross-referenced against prescriptions to Medicare Part D beneficiaries during 2013 through 2015...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771846/educational-exposure-to-transgender-patient-care-in-otolaryngology-training
#11
Benjamin B Massenburg, Shane D Morrison, Vania Rashidi, Craig Miller, David W Grant, Christopher S Crowe, Nathalia Velasquez, Justin R Shinn, Jacob E Kuperstock, Deepa J Galaiya, Scott R Chaiet, Amit D Bhrany
OBJECTIVE: Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in over 1 million people in the United States. With decreasing stigma regarding the transgender population, it is likely more patients will seek medical and surgical gender transition as parts of their treatment. However, otolaryngologists may lack training in gender-confirming surgery. This study aims to determine the current state of transgender-related education in the United States otolaryngology training programs and to evaluate trainee perceptions regarding the importance of such training...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771369/building-the-burn-physician-workforce-for-the-21st-century-report-from-february-2014-burns-workforce-conference
#12
Amalia Cochran, David G Greenhalgh
American Burn Association Past President Palmer Q. Bessey, MD, orchestrated a Burn Workforce Conference in Washington, DC in February, 2014, with the goal of evaluating the workforce needs for doctors, nurses and occupational/physical therapists. This report summarizes the issues related to the need for training future surgeons to manage burn patients. General surgery and plastic surgery residents currently have minimal requirements for burn experience during their training. The respective Boards, however, do require knowledge in the management of burn care...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769368/the-reconstructive-trauma-surgery-interface-fellowship-and-its-applicability-to-military-and-civilian-trainees
#13
EDITORIAL
Douglas Hammond, J Breeze, D Evriviades
The Reconstructive Trauma Surgery Fellowship is a based at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, and focuses on the multidisciplinary management of major trauma from presentation to discharge. It is unique to the UK in that it provides both management and leadership experience as well as operative surgical skills particularly in terms of reconstruction on complex trauma patients including those from the military. This paper describes the relevance of fellowships in modern surgical training, composition of the reconstructive trauma fellowship and the relevance for both civilian and military trainees...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757861/why-do-a-fellowship-in-advanced-dermatologic-surgery
#14
Nazanin Saedi, Jeffrey S Dover, Kenneth A Arndt, Michael Kaminer, Thomas E Rohrer, Emily Poon, Murad Alam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746327/pediatric-corneal-transplants-review-of-current-practice-patterns
#15
Angela Y Zhu, Maria Carolina Marquezan, Courtney L Kraus, Christina R Prescott
PURPOSE: To facilitate development of standardized guidelines for management of pediatric patients undergoing keratoplasty, particularly the youngest cohort, through a comprehensive survey assessing recent trends in practice patterns of corneal specialists and pediatric ophthalmologists. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study of current practices pertaining to pediatric keratoplasty was performed by designing a 20-question survey focused on preoperative indications, surgical techniques, and postoperative management...
May 8, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743035/mammographic-density-changes-in-surgical-weight-loss-an-indication-for-personalized-screening
#16
Natalia Partain, Ali Mokdad, Nancy Puzziferri, Jessica Porembka, Stephen Seiler, Alana Christie, Deborah Farr, Aeisha Rivers, A Marilyn Leitch, Rachel Wooldridge, James Huth, Roshni Rao
BACKGROUND: Obesity and high radiologic breast density independently increase breast cancer risk. We evaluated the effect of surgical weight loss on mammographic density (MD). METHODS: Patients undergoing bariatric surgery and screening mammography (MG) were identified, data regarding demographics, comorbidities, calculated and genetic breast cancer risk was collected. Patients had a MG before and after surgery. Fellowship-trained breast radiologists assigned Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System density categories...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733345/assessing-the-value-of-a-multimedia-based-aesthetic-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-residency-a-single-center-pilot-study
#17
Joshua A David, William J Rifkin, Pierre B Saadeh, Sammy Sinno
Background: Although global demand for cosmetic surgery continues to rise, plastic surgery residents feel that current models of aesthetic training are inadequate in preparing them for future practice. Digital learning resources offer promising educational possibilities, yet there are no formal studies investigating the integration of these technologies into the aesthetic curriculum. Objectives: Here, we review the current state of aesthetic training for plastic surgery residents and present a pilot study investigating the value of a dedicated multimedia-based aesthetic curriculum at a single, large academic program...
May 4, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732927/nasal-endoscopy-billing-patterns-a-survey-of-the-american-rhinologic-society
#18
Abtin Tabaee, Charles A Riley, Seth M Brown, Edward D McCoul
Introduction Nasal endoscopy (NE) is an essential element of office-based clinical rhinology, including the evaluation of chronic rhinosinusitis. Despite the presence of guidelines, variability exists regarding coding and billing for NE especially with regard to inclusion of evaluation and management (E&M) codes and use of the 25 modifier. The goal of this survey was to assess the billing patterns for NE among American Rhinologic Society (ARS) members. Methods An invitation to participate in a web-based survey was electronically sent to all ARS members...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730181/wrist-arthroscopy-can-we-gain-proficiency-through-knee-arthroscopy-simulation
#19
Gabriella Ode, Bryan Loeffler, Robert Christopher Chadderdon, Nikkole Haines, Brian Scannell, Joshua Patt, Glenn Gaston
OBJECTIVE: Wrist arthroscopy is a challenging discipline with limited training exposure during residency. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual knee arthroscopy simulation training for gaining proficiency in wrist arthroscopy. DESIGN: Participants were recorded performing a cadaveric wrist arthroscopy simulation. The residents then practiced knee arthroscopy on a virtual reality simulator and repeated the wrist arthroscopy simulation...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723642/predictors-of-overnight-admission-after-minimally-invasive-hysterectomy-in-the-expert-setting
#20
Gaby Moawad, Paul Tyan, Victoria Vargas, Daniel Park, Hannah Young, Cherie Marfori
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of Same Day Discharge (SDD) overnight admission after laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy to improve preoperative counseling and patient optimization. DESIGN: A Single-center retrospective cohort study. (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Academic university hospital. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing straight-stick laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy by fellowship-trained minimally invasive gynecologic surgeons for benign indications INTERVENTIONS: Straight-stick laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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