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Fellowship surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023149/benign-posttraumatic-pseudopneumoperitoneum
#1
Stephen S Currin, Cameron D A Simmers, Gregory P Tarr, Gregory J Harkness, S Ali Mirjalili
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively determine the anatomic distribution of chest wall ectopic gas resembling pneumoperitoneum (i.e., pseudopneumoperitoneum) and its relationship with trauma mechanisms and clinical outcomes using CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Investigators from two separate trauma referral centers screened 492 chest, abdomen, and pelvis CT examinations of patients who had sustained any form of trauma between 2010 and 2015. After excluding 186 patients with recognized causes of ectopic gas, 306 patients (211 men and 95 women; mean age, 44...
October 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016546/histologic-accuracy-of-mohs-micrographic-surgery
#2
James T Highsmith, M Jason Highsmith, Gary D Monheit
BACKGROUND: Mohs micrographic surgery enables the surgeon to maximize tumor removal while minimizing the amount of tissue being removed using advanced mapping techniques combined with microscopy. Interpretation of frozen section slides is vital to the success of Mohs micrographic surgery. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate and confirm the congruence of frozen section slide interpretation between fellowship-trained Mohs surgeons and dermatopathologists. METHODS: Retrospective cohort concordance study spanning 10 years (n = 1,720 cases)...
October 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985865/personality-traits-within-a-pediatric-surgery-fellowship-applicant-pool
#3
Rajaie Hazboun, Samuel Rodriguez, Arul Thirumoorthi, Joanne Baerg, Donald Moores, Edward P Tagge
BACKGROUND: The Big Five framework examines five factors that represent a description of human personality. These factors correlate with success measures and job satisfaction. The Big Five Inventory is a 44-item instrument designed to measure the Big Five framework. Our aim was to document the distribution of Big Five personality traits among Pediatric Surgery fellowship applicants, compare with community norms, surgical residents, between genders, and correlate to the fellowship match results...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976416/learning-dmek-from-youtube
#4
Hamish D McKee, Vishal Jhanji
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of the first cases of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) performed by an anterior segment surgeon, learning the procedure, including graft preparation, primarily from watching YouTube videos. DMEK surgery was not learned during fellowship training; there was no attendance at DMEK courses, no witnessing of live surgery, and no supervision by an experienced DMEK surgeon. All graft tissue was prepared by the surgeon on the day of surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the 3-month postoperative results of the first 40 consecutive cases...
October 2, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965448/neuromuscular-scoliosis-complication-rates-from-2004-to-2015-a-report-from-the-scoliosis-research-society-morbidity-and-mortality-database
#5
Daniel Cognetti, Heather M Keeny, Amer F Samdani, Joshua M Pahys, Darrell S Hanson, Kathy Blanke, Steven W Hwang
OBJECTIVE Postoperative complications are one of the most significant concerns in surgeries of the spine, especially in higher-risk cases such as neuromuscular scoliosis. Neuromuscular scoliosis is a classification of multiple diseases affecting the neuromotor system or musculature of patients leading to severe degrees of spinal deformation, disability, and comorbidity, all likely contributing to higher rates of postoperative complications. The objective of this study was to evaluate deformity correction of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis over a 12-year period (2004-2015) by looking at changes in postsurgical complications and management...
October 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964658/a-decade-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-training-time-based-metrics-and-qualitative-grading-for-fellows-and-residents
#6
Muammer Altok, Mary F Achim, Surena F Matin, Curtis A Pettaway, Brian F Chapin, John W Davis
OBJECTIVES: As modern urology residency and fellowship training in robot-assisted surgery evolves toward standardized curricula (didactics, dry/wet-laboratory exercises, and surgical assistance), additional tools are needed to evaluate on-console performance. At the start of our robotics program in 2006, we set-up a time- and quality-based evaluation program and aim to consolidate this data into a simple set of metrics for self-evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using our index procedure of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), we prospectively collected data on 2,215 cases over 10 years from 6 faculty surgeons and 94 trainees (43 urologic oncology fellows and 51 urology residents)...
September 27, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963869/is-formal-research-training-associated-with-academic-success-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#7
Jesse T Han, Mark A Egbert, Thomas B Dodson, Srinivas M Susarla
PURPOSE: Pursuing promotion in academic rank and seeking funded research opportunities are core elements of academic practice. Our purpose was to assess whether formal research training influences academic rank or National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding among full-time academic oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of full-time academic OMSs in the United States. The primary predictor variable was completion of formal research training, defined as a research fellowship or advanced non-clinical doctoral research degree (PhD, DMSc, DPH, DPhil, ScD)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953086/survivorship-of-hemiarthroplasty-with-concentric-glenoid-reaming-for-glenohumeral-arthritis-in-young-active-patients-with-a-biconcave-glenoid
#8
Charles L Getz, Kenneth A Kearns, Eric M Padegimas, Peter S Johnston, Mark D Lazarus, Gerald R Williams
INTRODUCTION: Hemiarthroplasty with concentric glenoid reaming (known as "ream and run") may be an option for treating glenohumeral arthritis in younger patients with a biconcave glenoid. The goal of this study was to evaluate early results of this technique. METHODS: Two senior, fellowship-trained shoulder surgeons (G.R.W. and M.D.L.) performed a retrospective review of 23 patients (24 shoulders) with a biconcave glenoid and end-stage degenerative glenohumeral arthritis treated with hemiarthroplasty with concentric glenoid reaming...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951655/impact-of-a-fellowship-trained-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgeon-on-patient-outcomes
#9
Nisse V Clark, Harneet S Gujral, Kelly N Wright
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As the performance of minimally invasive hysterectomy has increased in the United States, the need to apply outcomes measures has also increased. This study was conducted to determine the impact of a fellowship-trained minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (MIGS) specialist on patient outcomes after laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) in a gynecology department. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 218 patients who underwent a laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign indications at a suburban academic-affiliated tertiary care hospital with a broad patient base from 2010 to 2014...
July 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947326/laparoscopic-skills-assessment-an-additional-modality-for-pediatric-surgery-fellowship-selection
#10
Rajaie Hazboun, Samuel Rodriguez, Arul Thirumoorthi, Joanne Baerg, Donald Moores, Edward P Tagge
AIM: The Pediatric Surgery fellow selection is a multi-layered process which has not included assessment of surgical dexterity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected prospectively as part of the 2016 Pediatric Surgery Match interview process. Applicants completed a questionnaire to document laparoscopic experience and fine motor skills activities. Actual laparoscopic skills were assessed using a simulator. Time to complete an intracorporeal knot was tabulated...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946725/hand-surgery-fellowship-selection-criteria-a-national-fellowship-director-survey
#11
Francesco M Egro, Sai K Vangala, Vu T Nguyen, Alexander M Spiess
BACKGROUND: Candidate characteristics for hand surgery fellowship training remains unknown, as very little data is available in the literature. This study aims to provide information on the criteria that are employed to select candidates for the hand surgery fellowship match. METHODS: A 38-question survey was sent in April 2015 to all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education recognized hand surgery fellowship program directors (n=81) involved in the U...
September 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937512/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-of-the-future-a-survey-of-medical-students-applying-to-residency
#12
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Abigail Winkel, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics and career goals of medical students selecting a career in obstetrics and gynecology. METHODS: In 2015-2016, medical students invited for interviews for obstetrics and gynecology residency at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California San Francisco, Loyola University, and New York University received a voluntary 20-item electronic survey regarding factors influencing their choice of medical specialty...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930946/evaluating-the-traditional-day-and-night-shift-in-an-acute-care-surgery-fellowship-is-the-swing-shift-a-better-choice
#13
Paul J Chestovich, Christopher F McNicoll, Nichole K Ingalls, Deborah A Kuhls, Douglas R Fraser, Shawna L Morrissey, John J Fildes
BACKGROUND: Fellowship trainees in Acute Care Surgery require experience in the management of complex and operative trauma cases. Trauma center staffing usually follows standard 12 or 24 hour shifts, with resident and fellow trainees following a similar schedule. Although trauma admissions can be generally unpredictable, we analyzed temporal trends of trauma patient arrival times to determine the best time frame to maximize trainee experience during each day. METHODS: We reviewed ten years (2007-2016) of trauma registry data for blunt and penetrating trauma activations...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927346/deep-venous-thrombosis-prophylaxis-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructive-surgery-what-is-the-current-state-of-practice
#14
Robert A Keller, Vasilios Moutzouros, Joshua S Dines, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Orr Limpisvasti
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant perioperative risk with many common orthopaedic procedures. Currently, there is no standardized recommendation for the use of VTE prophylaxis during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This study sought to evaluate the current prophylactic practices of fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons in the United States. HYPOTHESIS: Very few surgeons use perioperative VTE prophylaxis for ACL reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914598/ovarian-cancer-prevalence-in-incidental-simple-adnexal-cysts-initially-identified-in-ct-examinations-of-the-abdomen-and-pelvis
#15
Johannes Boos, Olga R Brook, Jieming Fang, Alexander Brook, Deborah Levine
Purpose To evaluate the rate of malignancy in incidentally detected simple adnexal cysts at computed tomography (CT) to determine if simple-appearing cysts require follow-up. Materials and Methods In this HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study, an institutional database was searched for abdominal and pelvic CT studies performed between June 2003 and December 2010 in women reported to have adnexal cysts. Adnexal cyst characterization was determined by prospective report description as well as image review by a research fellow and by a fellowship-trained abdominal radiologist for examinations with disagreement between the original report and the research fellow's assessment...
September 14, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895155/work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-otolaryngologists-by-subspecialty-a-national-survey
#16
Thuy-Van Tina Ho, Chelsea S Hamill, Kevin J Sykes, Shannon M Kraft
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms, increased appreciation for workplace ergonomics is critical. The purpose of this study is to assess work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and injury among otolaryngologists across subspecialties, as well as to quantify the understanding and application of ergonomic principles in the operating room. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: An online REDCap survey was distributed electronically to University of Kansas faculty, alumni, and residents; members of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; and residency program coordinators for distribution to residents and faculty between August 2016 and March 2017...
September 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890901/performing-all-major-surgical-procedures-robotically-will-prolong-wait-times-for-surgery
#17
Brian M Shinder, Nicholas J Farber, Robert E Weiss, Thomas L Jang, Isaac Y Kim, Eric A Singer, Sammy E Elsamra
This article aimed to assess the burden of scheduling major urologic oncology procedures if all cases were performed robotically and to determine whether this would increase the time a patient would have to wait for surgery. We retrospectively determined the number of prostatectomies, radical nephrectomies, partial nephrectomies, and cystectomies at a single institution for one calendar year. A hypothetical situation was then constructed where all procedures were performed robotically. Using the allotted number of days that each surgeon was able to schedule robotic procedures, we analyzed the amount of time it would take to schedule and complete all cases...
2017: Robot Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882683/structured-operative-autonomy-an-institutional-approach-to-enhancing-surgical-resident-education-without-impacting-patient-outcomes
#18
Brandon M Wojcik, Zhi Ven Fong, Madhukar S Patel, David C Chang, Dustin R Long, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Emil Petrusa, John T Mullen, Keith D Lillemoe, Roy Phitayakorn
BACKGROUND: Although barriers to granting surgical residents autonomy in the operating room are well described, few have proposed practical strategies to overcome these barriers. Our department adopted a multidisciplinary approach to develop a rotation that aimed to grant chief residents structured operative autonomy. In this study, we assess the feasibility of implementation, impact on patient safety, and educational benefit to residents after the program's pilot year. STUDY DESIGN: During a 1-month rotation, chief residents began cases alone using their own operative block time...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876566/a-survey-of-selected-key-areas-of-management-of-south-african-neurosurgical-patients
#19
C H Daniel, M D du Trevou
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys of neurosurgical patient management, including a South African (SA) survey conducted in 2001, confirmed the existence of significant dissimilarities in management on national and international levels. This survey aimed to determine current SA neurosurgical patient management and to compare this with international trends. METHOD: Questionnaires in multiple choice question (MCQ) and free text entry format covering key areas of neurosurgical practice were emailed to SA neurosurgeons following ethics approval...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874979/serotonergic-antidepressants-are-associated-with-increased-blood-loss-and-risk-for-transfusion-in-single-level-lumbar-fusion-surgery
#20
Paul Schadler, Jennifer Shue, Mohamed Moawad, Federico P Girardi, Frank P Cammisa, Andrew A Sama, Russel C Huang, Darren R Lebl, Chad M Craig, Alexander P Hughes
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of antidepressants on blood loss and transfusion requirements in spinal surgery patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Several studies have shown an increase in perioperative bleeding in orthopedic surgery patients on antidepressant drug therapy, yet no study has examined the impact of these agents on spinal surgery patients. METHODS: Charts of patients who underwent single-level spinal fusion (posterior lumbar interbody fusion with posterior instrumentation) performed by five fellowship-trained surgeons at a tertiary spine center between 2008 and 2013, were retrospectively reviewed...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
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