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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245169/-mistakes-and-drawbacks-in-german-newspaper-articles-on-epidemiologic-studies-meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-as-an-example
#1
Bernd Kowall, Andreas Stang
Background Results of epidemiologic studies are often reported in the media because they are of vital interest for many people. Using the example of meat consumption and colorectal cancer, we investigated whether results of epidemiologic studies are reported in an understandable and correct manner in German newspapers and magazines. Methods We gathered all articles published in 13 selected German newspapers and magazines that referred to a press release on meat consumption and colorectal cancer issued by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on October 26th 2015...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245028/on-site-evaluation-of-wagyu-beef-carcasses-based-on-the-monounsaturated-oleic-and-saturated-fatty-acid-composition-using-a-handheld-fiber-optic-near-infrared-spectrometer
#2
S Piao, T Okura, M Irie
The fat quality is an important aspect, especially for Wagyu beef. A handheld fiber-optic near-infrared spectrometer for on-site evaluation of beef fat quality was developed, and the interactance spectra of the intermuscular fat from 833 Wagyu carcasses at 12 markets were measured. The calibration model was transferred to five slave instruments using twenty-six block samples. The performance of one slave instrument was verified at five meat markets (n=360). The coefficients of determination of the slave instrument for monounsaturated, oleic, and saturated fatty acid compositions determined by gas chromatography and near-infrared measurements were 0...
November 27, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244867/dietary-sources-and-intakes-of-folates-and-vitamin-b12-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#3
Teresa Partearroyo, María de Lourdes Samaniego-Vaesken, Emma Ruiz, Josune Olza, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
BACKGROUND: Folates and vitamin B12 are key nutrients in one-carbon metabolism and related diseases. Updated and plausible information on population intakes and their major dietary sources is scarce and urgently needed in Spain in order to increase the knowledge that can lead as previous step to prevention by fortification and supplementation policies. AIMS: The present study aims to evaluate main dietary folate and vitamin B12 sources and intakes in the Spanish population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244782/efficacy-of-blunt-force-trauma-a-novel-mechanical-cervical-dislocation-device-and-a-non-penetrating-captive-bolt-device-for-on-farm-euthanasia-of-pre-weaned-kits-growers-and-adult-commercial-meat-rabbits
#4
Jessica L Walsh, Aaron Percival, Patricia V Turner
The commercial meat rabbit industry is without validated on-farm euthanasia methods, potentially resulting in inadequate euthanasia protocols. We evaluated blunt force trauma (BFT), a mechanical cervical dislocation device (MCD), and a non-penetrating captive bolt device (NPCB) for euthanasia of pre-weaned kits, growers, and adult rabbits. Trials were conducted on three commercial meat rabbit farms using 170 cull rabbits. Insensibility was assessed by evaluating absence of brainstem and spinal reflexes, rhythmic breathing, and vocalizations...
December 15, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244538/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-quality-of-life-changes-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-colocare-study
#5
Biljana Gigic, Heiner Boeing, Reka Toth, Jürgen Böhm, Nina Habermann, Dominique Scherer, Petra Schrotz-King, Clare Abbenhardt-Martin, Stephanie Skender, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Karen Syrjala, Paul B Jacobsen, Martin Schneider, Alexis Ulrich, Cornelia M Ulrich
Quality of life (QoL) is an important clinical outcome in cancer patients. We investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The study included 192 CRC patients with available EORTC QLQ-C30 data before and 12 months post-surgery and food frequency questionnaire data at 12 months post-surgery. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Multivariate regression models assessed associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes over time...
December 15, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244165/processing-conditions-and-endpoint-temperature-effects-on-development-of-pink-defect-without-pink-generating-ligands-in-cooked-ground-turkey-breast
#6
James R Claus, Jong Youn Jeong
This study was conducted to characterize the pink pigments associated with storing presalted (2%) and ground turkey breast trim at different processing conditions. Four treatments included: treatment (no NaCl, stored for 7 d before being cooked), treatment 2 (NaCl added and stored for 7 d before being cooked), treatment 3 (NaCl added and immediately cooked), and treatment 4 (stored for 7 d before NaCl added and cooked). All treatments were cooked to 4 endpoint temperatures (71.1, 73.9, 76.7, and 79.4°C). Processing conditions affected the pink defect in cooked ground turkey breast...
December 13, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244085/effects-of-cold-exposure-on-physiology-meat-quality-and-behavior-of-turkey-hens-and-toms-crated-at-transport-density
#7
Z A Henrikson, C J Vermette, K Schwean-Lardner, T G Crowe
The impact of cold exposure while crated at a density characteristic of transport (83 kg/m2) was assessed in 12-wk-old turkey hens and 16-wk-old toms. Turkeys (72 toms, 72 hens) were randomly divided into 3 male and 3 female groups: 2 moderate 20°C groups with either 30% or 80% RH and a cold group exposed to -18°C, with uncontrolled, high RH. Groups of 8 birds (one replicate unit) were observed in a climate-controlled chamber for 8 h prior to slaughter. Core body temperature (CBT), live shrink, heterophil-lymphocyte ratio (HLR), and change in blood glucose levels were assessed; meat quality measures included thigh and breast muscle pH and L*, a*, and b* color values...
December 13, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243239/evaluation-of-australian-surveillance-for-freedom-from-bovine-tuberculosis
#8
Esg Sergeant, J Happold, I Langstaff
BACKGROUND: Australia declared freedom from bovine tuberculosis (TB) in accordance with international guidelines in 1997 and has since maintained ongoing surveillance for this disease, primarily through abattoir surveillance of cattle carcases (meat inspection) for TB-like granulomas. The objectives of this study were to estimate the sensitivity of Australia's surveillance system and quantify the probability that Australia is free from bovine TB at the specified design prevalence. METHODS: The analysis included approximately 80 million records of individual cattle slaughtered and meat inspected at Australian abattoirs between 2005 and 2015 calendar years...
December 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242527/correlates-of-overall-and-central-obesity-in-adults-from-seven-european-countries-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#9
Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Alexander Affleck, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, J Alfredo Martinez, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Eileen R Gibney, Marianne C Walsh, Lorraine Brennan, Mike Gibney, George Moschonis, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Christina Mavrogianni, Yannis Manios, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Silvia Kolossa, Hannelore Daniel, Iwona Traczyk, Christian A Drevon, John C Mathers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of obesity in adults and investigate to what extent these predictors are independent of other major confounding factors. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data collected at baseline from 1441 participants from the Food4Me study conducted in seven European countries were included in this study. A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure dietary intake. Accelerometers were used to assess physical activity levels (PA), whereas participants self-reported their body weight, height and waist circumference via the internet...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241320/influence-of-marinades-on-shear-force-structure-and-sensory-properties-of-home-style-jerky
#10
Joanna Żochowska-Kujawska, Marek Kotowicz, Kazimierz Lachowicz, Małgorzata Sobczak
BACKGROUND: Products from dried meat have been sold for many years as snack foods. The most important sensory attributes of this type of food are texture and flavour, determined by the selection of the raw material and the effect of numerous technological factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the structure, sen- sory and mechanical properties of meat snacks produced under non-commercial conditions using wild boar, roe deer and beef as raw material. METHODS: Jerky was prepared from Longissimus muscle treated (24 h, 4°C) with the follow- ing marinades before drying at 55°C for 6 h: (a) spices, (b) lemon & honey marinade, (c) marinating with balsamic vinegar marinade, (d) dipping into pineapple marinade, and (e) using ginger marinade...
October 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240968/monitoring-of-spoilage-associated-microbiota-on-modified-atmosphere-packaged-beef-and-differentiation-of-psychrophilic-and-psychrotrophic-strains
#11
Maik Hilgarth, Jürgen Behr, Rudi F Vogel
AIMS: This study aimed to explore the discriminatory power of MALDI-TOF MS as a high-throughput method to monitor growth dynamics of meat-spoiling bacteria on modified atmosphere packaged (MAP) beef and to differentiate psychrophilic and psychrotrophic spoilage-associated strains. METHODS AND RESULTS: MAP beef steaks were incubated for 21 days at constant 4 and 10 °C. Development of headspace gas composition, pH, CFU and spoilage-associated microbial composition were monitored...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240693/estimated-dietary-intakes-of-toxic-elements-from-four-staple-foods-in-najran-city-saudi-arabia
#12
Hatem Mohamed, Parvez I Haris, Eid I Brima
Exposure of the inhabitants of Najran area in Saudi Arabia to the toxic elements As, Cd, Cr, and Pb through foods has not been previously investigated. Exposure to such elements is an important public health issue, so the study described here was performed with the aim of determining estimated dietary intakes (EDIs) for these metals in Najran area. The As, Cd, Cr, and Pb concentrations in four staple foods (rice, wheat, red meat, and chicken) were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was completed by 80 study participants...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240267/acute-oral-dose-of-sodium-nitrite-causes-redox-imbalance-and-dna-damage-in-rat-kidney
#13
Fariheen Aisha Ansari, Shaikh Nisar Ali, Aijaz Ahmed Khan, Riaz Mahmood
Sodium nitrite (NaNO2) is widely used as a food additive and preservative in fish and meat products. We have evaluated the effect of a single acute oral dose of NaNO2 on oxidative stress parameters, antioxidant capacity and DNA in rat kidney. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups and given single oral dose of NaNO2 at 20, 40, 60 and 75 mg/kg body weight; untreated rats served as the control group. All animals in NaNO2 -treated groups showed marked alterations in various parameters of oxidative stress as compared to the control group...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239607/correction-to-analysis-of-heterocyclic-amines-in-meat-by-the-quick-easy-cheap-effective-rugged-and-safe-method-coupled-with-lc-dad-ms-ms
#14
Han-Yin Hsiao, Bing-Huei Chen, Tsai-Hua Kao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239490/proteomic-changes-of-the-porcine-skeletal-muscle-in-response-to-chronic-heat-stress
#15
Yanjun Cui, Yue Hao, Jielei Li, Yanli Gao, Xianhong Gu
BACKGROUND: Heat stress (HS) has an adverse effect on meat quality; yet, the underlying molecular mechanisms altering meat quality due to muscle responses to stress remain unclear. Sixteen castrated male crossbreeds between Landrace × Yorkshire sows and Duroc boars (79.00 ± 1.50 kg body weight) were exposed to either thermal neutral (22 °C, n=8) or heat stress (30 °C, n=8) conditions for 3 weeks. Subsequently, the longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle of all pigs was assayed for meat quality parameters and proteome analysis...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237548/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-jordanians-a-case-control-study
#16
R F Tayyem, A E Al-Shudifat, A Johannessen, H A Bawadi, S S AbuMweis, L M Agraib, S S Allhedan, I Haj-Husein, M Azab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary pattern and lifestyle have been reported to be significant risk factors in the development of coronary heart diseases (CHD). The contribution degree of these dietary risk factors in CHD development in non-westernized countries is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate several dietary choices and their potential association with CHD. METHODS AND RESULTS: A case-control study was conducted at Prince Hamza Hospital, a referral center for coronary angiography in Amman, Jordan...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237007/a-nationwide-serosurvey-of-hepatitis-e-virus-antibodies-in-the-general-population-of-portugal
#17
Maria S J Nascimento, Sara S Pereira, Joana Teixeira, Joana Abreu-Silva, Ricardo M S Oliveira, Mette Myrmel, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Joakim Øverbø, Guilherme Gonçalves, João R Mesquita
Background: Evidence has shown that Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is autochthonous in industrialized countries due to zoonotic transmission through direct contact or consumption of raw or undercooked meat from domestic swine or wild boar. As there is lack of data on seroprevalence of HEV in the general Portuguese population, a wide survey was conducted as part of the HEPeCONTROL project (60DT2), under EEA grants funding. Methods: Sera from a representative sample of the Portuguese population (n = 1656) at different geographic locations (30 territorial units), and age (0-99 years) were collected between July 2015 and February 2016...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236551/the-association-between-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-glioma-and-evaluation-of-nutrient-intakes-of-these-patients-a-case-control-study
#18
Mehdi Shayanfar, Farhad Vahid, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Reza Goodarzi
INTRODUCTION: Glioma is the most common adult brain tumors. Dietary factors may play a role in the etiology of glioma. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) provides a general overview for the nutrient content of a food or a diet. This study aimed to investigate the association between INQ and glioma and nutrient intakes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was included 128 patients and 256 controls. Dietary intakes of the subjects were evaluated by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and FFQ-derived dietary data were used to calculate INQ scores...
December 13, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236379/alcohol-consumption-and-low-risk-drinking-guidelines-among-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-alberta-s-tomorrow-project
#19
Darren R Brenner, Tiffany R Haig, Abbey E Poirier, Alianu Akawung, Christine M Friedenreich, Paula J Robson
INTRODUCTION: Moderate to heavy alcohol consumption is a risk factor for all-cause mortality and cancer incidence. Although cross-sectional data are available through national surveys, data on alcohol consumption in Alberta from a large prospective cohort were not previously available. The goal of these analyses was to characterize the levels of alcohol consumption among adults from the Alberta's Tomorrow Project in the context of cancer prevention guidelines. Furthermore, we conducted analyses to examine the relationships between alcohol consumption and other high-risk or risk-related behaviours...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235434/ige-antibodies-to-alpha-gal-in-foresters-and-forest-workers-from-la-rioja-north-of-spain
#20
M Venturini, T Lobera, A Sebastián, A Portillo, J A Oteo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors to the presence of alpha-gal-specific IgE in a risk group of foresters and forest workers from La Rioja and in a control group. METHODS: A total of 169 workers and 100 individuals who did not recall tick-bites were selected. A questionnaire including demographic data and number of tick bites per year was administered by a physician. Alpha-gal sIgE was assessed with serum samples that had been taken in 2010 using ImmunoCAP®...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
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