keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Meat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036999/-the-contamination-and-dietary-exposure-analysis-for-seven-mycotoxins-in-the-fifth-chinese-total-diet-study
#1
N N Qiu, B Lyu, S Zhou, Y F Zhao, Y N Wu
Objective: To investigate the contamination levels and dietary intakes of seven mycotoxins in Chinese diets. Methods: In Chinese Total Diet Study, food aggregation was based on the food consumption of local residents, thus generating the sampling scheme. According to the sampling scheme, the food items were sampled at three survey points in each province and then mixed in the same proportion. The mixed dietary samples were prepared after being cooked and processed. The samples comprised of 13 categories of food: cereals, beans, potatoes, meat, eggs, aquatic products, milk, vegetables, fruits, saccharides, beverages and drinking water, alcohol, and condiments...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#2
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035812/combined-gwas-and-ldla-approaches-to-improve-genome-wide-quantitative-trait-loci-detection-affecting-carcass-and-meat-quality-traits-in-pig
#3
Frédéric Hérault, Marie Damon, Pierre Cherel, Pascale Le Roy
Many QTL affecting meat quality and carcass traits have been reported. However, in most of the cases these QTL have been detected in non-commercial populations. Therefore, a family structured population of 457 F2 pigs issued from an inter-cross between 2 commercial sire lines was used to detect QTL affecting meat quality and carcass traits. All animals were genotyped using the Illumina PorcineSNP60 BeadChip platform. Genome-wide association studies were used in combination with linkage disequilibrium-linkage analysis to identify QTL...
September 28, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035240/seroprevalence-of-neospora-caninum-in-dairy-cattle-raised-in-%C3%A3-i%C3%A3-ekda%C3%A4-i-district-of-k%C3%A4-r%C3%A5-ehir-province
#4
Kader Yıldız, Sami Gökpınar, Neslihan Sürsal, Rukiye Değirmenci
OBJECTIVE: Neospora caninum is one of the most important causes of abortion in cattle worldwide and causes significant economic losses in the meat and dairy industries. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of N. caninum in dairy cattle raised in Çiçekdağı district of Kırşehir province. METHODS: One hundred sixteen serum samples collected from dairy cattle were analyzed for N. caninum antibodies by a commercial Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) kit (VMRD c-ELISA)...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035101/biofilm-formation-antimicrobial-resistance-and-sanitizer-tolerance-of-salmonella-enterica-strains-isolated-from-beef-trim
#5
Rong Wang, John W Schmidt, Dayna M Harhay, Joseph M Bosilevac, David A King, Terrance M Arthur
In the beef industry, product contamination by Salmonella enterica is a serious public health concern, which may result in human infection and cause significant financial loss due to product recalls. Currently, the precise mechanism and pathogen source responsible for Salmonella contamination in commercial establishments are not well understood. We characterized 89 S. enterica strains isolated from beef trim with respect to their biofilm-forming ability, antimicrobial resistance, and biofilm cell survival/recovery growth after sanitizer exposure...
October 16, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034984/sensory-quality-and-fatty-acid-content-of-springbok-antidorcas-marsupialis-meat-influence-of-farm-location-and-gender
#6
Jeannine Neethling, Magdalena Muller, Marieta van der Rijst, Louwrens C Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Springbok are harvested for meat production irrespective of farm location or gender from which the meat is derived. This study investigated the influence of farm location (three farms containing different vegetation types) and gender on the sensory quality of springbok longissimus thoracis et lumborum muscle. The sensory profile (aroma, flavour and texture) was determined by descriptive sensory analysis, in addition to determining the physical meat quality, proximate and fatty acid composition...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034492/transcriptome-analyses-reveal-genes-and-pathways-associated-with-fatty-acid-composition-traits-in-pigs
#7
J Zhang, L Cui, J Ma, C Chen, B Yang, L Huang
Fatty acid composition is associated with meat quality in pigs as well as with obesity- and diabetes-related traits in humans. Liver and muscle are important tissues for fatty acid metabolism. In this study, we evaluated correlations between liver and muscle transcriptomes and fatty acid composition traits in muscle and abdominal fat tissues in 335 F2 pigs from a White Duroc × Erhualian F2 pig resource population. Transcripts significantly correlated with fatty acid composition traits were enriched for genes involved in the categories of triglyceride catabolic process, mitochondrial function, hematological and immune system, and disease such as Type II diabetes...
October 16, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034148/does-a-grill-menu-redesign-influence-sales-nutrients-purchased-and-consumer-acceptance-in-a-worksite-cafeteria
#8
Maya K Vadiveloo, Vasanti S Malik, Donna Spiegelman, Walter C Willett, Josiemer Mattei
Worksite cafeterias are compelling venues to improve diet quality through environmental changes. We conducted a pre-post study to evaluate how a cafeteria-initiated grill menu redesign influenced sales, revenue, and nutrient content of foods purchased. Secondly, we evaluated consumer opinions about menu changes to inform practices for worksite environment interventions. Monthly sales data (2012-2015) were used to compute gross sales and revenue of entrées and side dishes pre-post menu changes. Alternative protein sources replaced red meat; nutrient composition and nutrients purchased were compared using Food Pro software...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034091/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-antibiotic-resistance-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-hospital-food
#9
Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Hasan Gandomi, Afshin Akhondzadeh Basti, Ali Misaghi, Ebrahim Rahimi
BACKGROUND: Pathogenic biotypes of the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are considered to be one of the major cause of food-borne diseases in hospitals. The present investigation was done to study the pattern of antibiotic resistance and prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes of different biotypes of the MRSA strains isolated from various types of hospital food samples. METHODS: Four-hundred and eighty-five raw and cooked hospital food samples were cultured and MRSA strains were identified using the oxacillin and cefoxitin disk diffusion tests and mecA-based PCR amplification...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033901/monte-carlo-simulations-suggest-current-chlortetracycline-drug-residue-based-withdrawal-periods-would-not-control-antimicrobial-resistance-dissemination-from-feedlot-to-slaughterhouse
#10
Casey L Cazer, Lucas Ducrot, Victoriya V Volkova, Yrjö T Gröhn
Antimicrobial use in beef cattle can increase antimicrobial resistance prevalence in their enteric bacteria, including potential pathogens such as Escherichia coli. These bacteria can contaminate animal products at slaughterhouses and cause food-borne illness, which can be difficult to treat if it is due to antimicrobial resistant bacteria. One potential intervention to reduce the dissemination of resistant bacteria from feedlot to consumer is to impose a withdrawal period after antimicrobial use, similar to the current withdrawal period designed to prevent drug residues in edible animal meat...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033074/potentially-active-spoilage-bacteria-community-during-the-storage-of-vacuum-packaged-beefsteaks-treated-with-aqueous-ozone-and-electrolyzed-water
#11
Cristian Botta, Ilario Ferrocino, Maria Chiara Cavallero, Simonetta Riva, Manuela Giordano, Luca Cocolin
The microbial contamination that occurs during the slaughtering process and during handling of the meat results in a shortening of the shelf-life of meat. In this study, which has had the aim of extending the shelf life of beefsteaks, pilot-scale treatments were carried out with aqueous ozone (AO) and electrolyzed water (EW) before vacuum packaging (VP). The development of the potentially active microbiota and the associated volatilome were followed over 15days of storage under refrigerated conditions (4°C), in order to define the potential long-term effects of the treatments and storage condition on microbiota...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032628/diet-quality-and-risk-of-stunting-among-infants-and-young-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Julia Krasevec, Xiaoyi An, Richard Kumapley, France Bégin, Edward A Frongillo
Age-appropriate complementary feeding practices are far from optimal among low- and middle-income countries with available data. The evidence on the association between feeding practices and linear growth is mixed. We sought to systematically examine the association between two indictors of dietary quality-dietary diversity and animal source food (ASF) consumption (WHO, 2008)-and stunting (length-for-age z-score) employing existing data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys. Data on 74,548 children aged 6-23 months were pooled and multiple logistic regression models, adjusting for child, maternal, and household characteristics, employed to assess the association between dietary quality and stunting...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032627/complementary-feeding-practices-for-infants-and-young-children-in-south-asia-a-review-of-evidence-for-action-post-2015
#13
Víctor M Aguayo
Some 37% (~64 million) South Asian children under 5 years are stunted. Most stunting occurs during the complementary feeding period (6-23 months). Our objective was to (a) characterize complementary feeding practices in South Asia and (b) review the effectiveness of information, education, and counselling (IEC) interventions aiming to improve complementary feeding in South Asia. We conducted a comprehensive review of (a) the latest nationally representative survey data and (b) peer-reviewed interventions (January 1990 to December 2015) that used IEC as the main strategy to improve complementary feeding...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032278/rapid-detection-of-frozen-then-thawed-minced-beef-using-multispectral-imaging-and-fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy
#14
Athina I Ropodi, Efstathios Z Panagou, George-John E Nychas
In recent years, fraud detection has become a major priority for food authorities, as fraudulent practices can have various economic and safety consequences. This work explores ways of identifying frozen-then-thawed minced beef labeled as fresh in a rapid, large-scale and cost-effective way. For this reason, freshly-ground beef was purchased from seven separate shops at different times, divided in fifteen portions and placed in Petri dishes. Multi-spectral images and FTIR spectra of the first five were immediately acquired while the remaining were frozen (-20°C) and stored for 7 and 32days (5 samples for each time interval)...
September 28, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031298/game-meat-authentication-through-rare-earth-elements-fingerprinting
#15
G P Danezis, A C Pappas, E Zoidis, G Papadomichelakis, I Hadjigeorgiou, P Zhang, V Brusic, C A Georgiou
Accurate labelling of meat (e.g. wild versus farmed, geographical and genetic origin, organic versus conventional, processing treatment) is important to inform the consumers about the products they buy. Meat and meat products declared as game have higher commercial value making them target to fraudulent labelling practices and replacement with non-game meat. We have developed and validated a new method for authentication of wild rabbit meat using elemental metabolomics approach. Elemental analysis was performed using rapid ultra-trace multi-element measurement by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
October 23, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031094/risk-assessment-of-dietary-lead-exposure-among-first-nations-people-living-on-reserve-in-ontario-canada-using-a-total-diet-study-and-a-probabilistic-approach
#16
Amanda K Juric, Malek Batal, Will David, Donald Sharp, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Andrew Black, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan, Laurie Chan
Indigenous peoples have elevated risk of lead (Pb) exposure as hunted traditional food can be contaminated with lead-containing ammunition. Recent scientific consensus states that there is no threshold level for Pb exposure. The objective of this study was to estimate dietary exposure to Pb among First Nations living on-reserve in the province of Ontario, Canada. A total diet study was constructed based on a 24-h recall and Pb concentrations for traditional foods from the First Nations Food, Nutrition, and Environment Study (FNFNES) and Pb concentrations in market foods from Health Canada...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030787/armillifer-infected-snakes-sold-at-congolese-bushmeat-markets-represent-an-emerging-zoonotic-threat
#17
Richard Hardi, Gergely Babocsay, Dennis Tappe, Mihály Sulyok, Imre Bodó, Lajos Rózsa
African pythons (Pythonidae) and large vipers (Bitis spp.) act as definitive hosts for Armillifer armillatus and Armillifer grandis parasites (Crustacea: Pentastomida) in the Congo Basin. Since the proportion of snakes in bushmeat gradually increases, human pentastomiasis is an emerging zoonotic disease. To substantiate the significance of this threat, we surveyed snakes offered for human consumption at bushmeat markets in the Kole district, Democratic Republic of the Congo, for the presence of adult pentastomids...
October 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030561/oxidative-and-anti-oxidative-status-in-muscle-of-young-rats-in-response-to-six-protein-diets
#18
Jing Zhu, Xiao Li, Hao Qi, Zetong Gu, Shangxin Song, Xiangli Yang, Guanghong Zhou, Chunbao Li
We investigated the impact of six protein diets on oxidation and anti-oxidation status in the muscle of young rats. Rats were fed six protein diets for 14 days, including casein (control), and proteins isolated from soy, fish, chicken, pork and beef. Grx1, Trx1 and other oxidative metabolic indices in muscle were quantified. Compared with the casein diet, the soy protein diet had a similar oxidation level, but higher GSH and lower SOD activities. The chicken and fish protein groups had lower GSH and higher SOD activities, the pork protein group showed lower Grx1 levels than the casein group and the beef protein group showed the highest GSH, Grx1 and Trx1 levels as reflected by RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry analyses...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030448/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-enterococci-isolated-from-retail-meats-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#19
Gregory H Tyson, Epiphanie Nyirabahizi, Emily Crarey, Claudine Kabera, Claudia Lam, Crystal Rice-Trujillo, Patrick F McDermott, Heather Tate
Bacteria of the genus Enterococcus are important human pathogens that are frequently resistant to a number of clinically important antibiotics. They are also used as a marker of animal fecal contamination of human foods, and are employed as sentinel organisms for tracking trends in resistance to antimicrobials with gram-positive activity. As part of the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS), we evaluated several retail meat commodities for the presence of enterococci from 2002-2014, finding 92...
October 13, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028444/development-and-in-house-validation-of-a-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-the-detection-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-meat
#20
Camilo Reyes, Luciano H Linares, Fabiana Moredo, Juan P Lirón, Victoria Brusa, Alejandra Londero, Lucía Galli, Juan M Oteiza, Magdalena Costa, Gerardo A Leotta
Listeriosis is a foodborne disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes. The aims of this work were to develop and validate an in-house real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the detection of L. monocytogenes, and to determine its prevalence in raw ground beef samples from 53 butcheries that also sell ready-to-eat foods. One set of primers and one hydrolysis probe were designed for hly gene detection and then challenged with pure strains. The detection was successful for all L. monocytogenes strains analyzed and negative for all non-L...
October 13, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
keyword
keyword
18599
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"