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Teresa Pelletier, Santiago Alvarez-Arango, F N U Sameeta, Ellen Manos, Elina Jerschow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
B Melo, L Rezende, P Machado, N Gouveia, R Levy
BACKGROUND: Although both consumption of ultra-processed products and asthma are common during adolescence, the epidemiological evidence in regarding their association is unclear. We investigated the associations of ultra-processed products consumption with asthma and wheezing in a representative sample of Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: We used data from a representative sample of 109,104 Brazilian adolescents enrolled in the National Survey of School Health, 2012...
April 21, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Margarita Andreevskaya, Elina Jääskeläinen, Per Johansson, Anne Ylinen, Lars Paulin, Johanna Björkroth, Petri Auvinen
Psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the prevailing spoilage organisms in packaged cold-stored meat products. Species composition and metabolic activities of such LAB spoilage communities are determined by the nature of meat product, storage condition and interspecies interactions. Our knowledge of systems-level responses of LAB during such interactions is very limited. To expand it, we studied interactions between three common psychrotrophic spoilage LAB ( Leuconostoc gelidum , Lactococcus piscium and Lactobacillus oligofermentans ) by comparing their time-course transcriptome profiles obtained during their growth in individual, pairwise and triple cultures...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
T Mauro, L Hao, L C Pop, B Buckley, S H Schneider, E V Bandera, S A Shapses
The environmental estrogen, zearalenone (ZEA), is found in the food supply from Fusarium fungal contamination in grains and sometimes used as a growth promoter for beef cattle. Long-term exposure to ZEA and its metabolites may present health risk due to higher estrogenic activity. Serum ZEA metabolites were measured to determine the exposure and the association with food intake in 48 overweight/obese women (52 ± 9 years). The free and conjugated ZEA indicated the highest detection rate of all the metabolites...
April 17, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Paramasivam Balasubramanian, Ramki Settu, Shen-Ming Chen, Tse-Wei Chen, Ganapathi Sharmila
Herein, we report a novel, disposable electrochemical sensor for the detection of nitrite ions in food samples based on the sonochemical synthesized orthorhombic CaFe2 O4 (CFO) clusters modified screen printed electrode. As synthesized CFO clusters were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and amperometry (i-t)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Annelies van Gunst, Annet J C Roodenburg, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
In 2014, the Dutch government agreed with the food sector to lower salt, sugar, saturated fat and energy in foods. To reformulate, an integrated approach of four disciplines (Nutrition & Health, Food Technology, Legislation, and Consumer Perspectives) is important for food companies (Framework for Reformulation). The objective of this study was to determine whether this framework accurately reflects reformulation processes in food companies. Seventeen Dutch food companies in the bakery, meat and convenience sector were interviewed with a semi-structured topic list...
April 20, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Edvaldo V Soares Maciel, Ana Lúcia de Toffoli, Fernando Mauro Lanças
The accelerated rising of the world's population increased the consumption of food, thus demanding more rigors in the control of residue and contaminants in food-based products marketed for human consumption. In view of the complexity of most food matrices, including fruits, vegetables, different types of meat, beverages, among others, a sample preparation step is important to provide more reliable results when combined with high performance liquid chromatography separations. An adequate sample preparation step before the chromatographic analysis is mandatory in obtaining higher precision and accuracy in order to improve the extraction of the target analytes, one of the priorities in analytical chemistry...
April 20, 2018: Electrophoresis
Anita Spychaj, Edward Pospiech, Ewa Iwańska, Magdalena Montowska
At present, allergic response to food components is an increasing problem all over the world. Therefore it is important to protect people vulnerable to food allergens against accidental and unintended consumption of products containing allergic ingredients. The meat industry commonly uses various allergic additives in production of processed products, i.e. legumes (soy, peas, beans), milk and egg preparations, cereals containing gluten (wheat, rye, barley and oats), and spices (celery and mustard). These meat additives have specific technological properties which help to create a texture, flavour profile or affect the nutritional value, although some of them, such as soy, mustard, milk and egg white proteins can cause severe allergic reactions...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Kyung-A An, Yunhee Jo, Kashif Akram, Sang-Cheol Suh, Joong-Ho Kwon
BACKGROUND: High microbial load is a serious concern in terms of the health-related safety of products of animal origin. In this study, the microbial loads of commercial frozen duck meat products, including bone-in whole raw, boneless sliced raw, and boneless whole smoked were investigated for pathogenic contamination. In addition, application of electron beam irradiation was also investigated. RESULTS: The samples revealed a serious microbial threat (102 -105 CFU/g for total aerobic bacteria and positive for foodborne pathogens) that required an effective decontamination technology...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Jonas Eduardo Gallão, Maria Elina Bichuette
The subterranean environment harbors species that are not capable of establishing populations in the epigean environment, i.e., the obligatory subterranean species. These organisms live in a unique selective regime in permanent darkness and usually low food availability, high air humidity in terrestrial habitats, and low temperature range allied to other unique conditions related to lithologies and past climatic influences. The pressure to increase Brazil's economic growth relies on agricultural/pastoral industries and exporting of raw materials such as iron, limestone, ethanol, soybean, cotton, and meat, as well as huge reservoir constructions to generate electricity...
2018: ZooKeys
Francesca Parisi, Melek Rousian, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Anton H J Koning, Sten P Willemsen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Irene Cetin, Eric A P Steegers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maternal dietary patterns were associated with embryonic growth and congenital anomalies. We aim to evaluate associations between early first trimester maternal dietary patterns and embryonic morphological development among pregnancies with non-malformed outcome. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 228 strictly dated, singleton pregnancies without congenital malformations were enrolled in a periconceptional hospital-based cohort. Principal component analysis was performed to extract early first trimester maternal dietary patterns from food frequency questionnaires...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mayowa Agunbiade, Carolina Pohl, Omotayo Ashafa
A bacterium isolated from Sterkfontein dam was confirmed to produce bioflocculant with excellent flocculation activity. The 16S rDNA nucleotide sequence analyses revealed the bacteria to have 99% similarity to Streptomyces platensis strain HBUM174787 and the sequence was deposited in the Genbank as Streptomyces platensis with accession number FJ 486385.1. Culture conditions for optimal production of the bioflocculant included glucose as a sole carbon source, resulting in flocculating activity of 90%. Other optimal conditions included: peptone as nitrogen source; presence of Mg2+ as cations and inoculum size of 1...
April 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Bhagyalakshmi Chengat Prakashbabu, Laura Rebecca Marshall, Matteo Crotta, William Gilbert, Jade Cherry Johnson, Lis Alban, Javier Guitian
BACKGROUND: Taenia saginata cysticercus is the larval stage of the zoonotic parasite Taenia saginata, with a life-cycle involving both cattle and humans. The public health impact is considered low. The current surveillance system, based on post-mortem inspection of carcasses has low sensitivity and leads to considerable economic burden. Therefore, in the interests of public health and food production efficiency, this study aims to explore the potential of risk-based and cost-effective meat inspection activities for the detection and control of T...
April 19, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Fei He, Ren-Dong Xiao, Tao Lin, Wei-Min Xiong, Qiu-Ping Xu, Xu Li, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Bao-Chang He, Zhi-Jian Hu, Lin Cai
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether BCMO1 variants and dietary patterns are associated with lung cancer risk. METHODS: Case-control study including 1166 lung cancer cases and 1179 frequency matched controls was conducted for three BCMO1 variants (rs6564851, rs12934922, and rs7501331) and four dietary patterns were investigated. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS: The rs6564851, rs12934922, and rs7501331 were not found to be associated with lung cancer risk (P > 0...
April 19, 2018: BMC Cancer
O Adeola, M N Anwar, M R Abdollahi, V Ravindran
Six hundred and eighty-four male Ross 308 broiler chicks were used to test the null hypothesis that post hatching age between day 0 and 21 does not affect utilization of energy in meat and bone meal (MBM). There were 6 replicate cages in each of 12 treatments consisting of 3 test diets (0, 40, or 80 g MBM/kg diets) at 4 feeding ages post hatching (day 0 to 7, 6 to 11, 10 to 16, or 15 to 21 post hatching) for a total of 72 cages in a randomized complete block design. Birds were assigned to the 12 treatments on day 0, fed a standard starter diet until they were switched to the test diets on day 0, 6, 10, or 15, and the number of birds per cage for day 0 to 7, 6 to 11, 10 to 16, or 15 to 21 were 12, 10, 8, or 8, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Poultry Science
J H Park, S I Lee, I H Kim
This study examined the effects of dietary Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis supplementation on growth performance, antioxidant enzyme activity, nutrient digestibility, cecal microflora, excreta noxious gas emission, organ weight and breast meat quality in broiler chickens. In total, 800 Ross 308 male broiler chickens (1-d-old) were randomly divided into 5 dietary treatments with 10 replicate cages (16 birds/replicate) per treatment for 5 wk. The dietary treatments were a control basal diet without Spirulina or with 0...
April 17, 2018: Poultry Science
S Knaga, M Siwek, S Tavaniello, G Maiorano, A Witkowski, G Jezewska-Witkowska, M Bednarczyk, G Zieba
The objective of the current study was to identify QTL associated with body weight, growth rate, egg quality traits, concentration of selected blood plasma, and yolk lipids as well as concentration of selected macro- and microelements, color, pH, basic chemical composition, and drip loss of breast muscle of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Twenty-two meat-type males (line F33) were crossed with twenty-two laying-type females (line S22) to produce a generation of F1 hybrids. The F2 generation was created by mating 44 randomly chosen F1 hybrids, which were full siblings...
April 17, 2018: Poultry Science
Miloš Skřivan, Milan Marounek, Michaela Englmaierová, Ladislav Čermák, Jana Vlčková, Eva Skřivanová
A group of 240-day-old Ross cockerels were used in a 4-week experiment to assess the effect of the fat type on the intestinal digestibility of fatty acids (FAs), the FA profiles of breast meat and abdominal fat, and the mRNA expression of six hepatic lipid-related genes. Experimental diets were supplemented with rapeseed oil, pork lard or palm oil at 60 g/kg. In the control diet, wheat starch was substituted for the fat source. The highest ileal digestibility of the fat and all FAs (except stearic acid) was observed in chickens fed lard...
2018: PloS One
Shaohua Yang, Ying Wang, Lulu Wang, Zhaoyuan Shi, Xiaoqian Ou, Dan Wu, Xinmiao Zhang, Hao Hu, Jia Yuan, Wei Wang, Fuhu Cao, Guoqing Liu
Fatty acids metabolic products determine meat quality in chickens. Identifying genes associated with fatty acids composition could provide valuable information for the complex genetic networks of genes with underlying variations in fatty acids synthesis. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was conducted to explore the chicken transcriptome from the thigh muscle tissue of 6 Huangshan Black Chickens with 3 extremely high and low phenotypic values for percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In total, we obtained 41,139,108-44,901,729 uniquely mapped reads, which covered 74...
2018: PloS One
Katherine E Heiman Marshall, Mackenzie Tewell, Selam Tecle, Molly Leeper, Jennifer Sinatra, Bonnie Kissler, Adrienne Fung, Kerri Brown, Darlene Wagner, Eija Trees, Kelley B Hise, Vishnu Chaturvedi, Linda K Schlater, Brenda R Morningstar-Shaw, Laura Whitlock, Kristin Holt, Karen Becker, Megin Nichols, Ian T Williams, Michael Jhung, Matthew E Wise, Laura Gieraltowski
In January 2017, CDC identified a cluster of Salmonella enterica serotype Newport infections with isolates sharing an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern, JJPX01.0010 (pattern 10), through PulseNet, the national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance. This report summarizes the investigation by CDC, state and local health and agriculture departments, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS) and discusses the possible role of dairy cows as a reservoir for strains of Salmonella that persistently cause human illness...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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