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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088037/assessment-of-the-meat-quality-of-lamb-m-longissimus-thoracis-et-lumborum-and-m-triceps-brachii-following-three-different-halal-slaughter-procedures
#1
A S Danso, R I Richardson, R Khalid
A total of fifteen male and fifteen female lambs were allocated to three groups of ten animals and subjected to: traditional Halal slaughter without stunning (TNS); slaughter following electric head-only stunning (EHOS) or; post-cut electric head-only stun (PCEHOS) and their meat quality was determined. Instrumental and sensory analyses were carried out on two muscles; M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) and M. triceps brachii (TB). Additionally, the effects of sex and muscle type were also assessed. No differences were found among slaughter methods for pH, drip loss and shear force...
January 4, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088036/an-emotional-approach-to-beef-evaluation
#2
Monica Borgogno, Armand V Cardello, Saida Favotto, Edi Piasentier
The emotions associated with beef consumption, the influence of breeding system information on emotions ("Conventional" - C vs "Only from the Italian Simmental" - OIS label) and their relationship with liking were evaluated by 93 meat consumers. Respondents were asked to evaluate the same samples of Italian Simmental meat provided with the two different labels. Liking scores were obtained using a 9-point scale and the emotions from the EsSense25 list were scored on 5-point scale (1="not at all", 5="extremely")...
January 5, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086790/rna-sequencing-for-global-gene-expression-associated-with-muscle-growth-in-a-single-male-modern-broiler-line-compared-to-a-foundational-barred-plymouth-rock-chicken-line
#3
Byung-Whi Kong, Nicholas Hudson, Dongwon Seo, Seok Lee, Bhuwan Khatri, Kentu Lassiter, Devin Cook, Alissa Piekarski, Sami Dridi, Nicholas Anthony, Walter Bottje
BACKGROUND: Modern broiler chickens exhibit very rapid growth and high feed efficiency compared to unselected chicken breeds. The improved production efficiency in modern broiler chickens was achieved by the intensive genetic selection for meat production. This study was designed to investigate the genetic alterations accumulated in modern broiler breeder lines during selective breeding conducted over several decades. METHODS: To identify genes important in determining muscle growth and feed efficiency in broilers, RNA sequencing (RNAseq) was conducted with breast muscle in modern pedigree male (PeM) broilers (n = 6 per group), and with an unselected foundation broiler line (Barred Plymouth Rock; BPR)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080916/aerobic-microflora-and-endoparasites-of-freshly-shot-wild-agouti-dasyprocta-leporina-in-trinidad-west-indies
#4
Rod Suepaul, Roxanne Charles, Francis Dziva
The agouti ( Dasyprocta leporina ) is a New World wild rodent hunted for its meat in Trinidad and other Latin American countries. Studies on agouti under captive conditions have yielded some data on health-related aspects, but relatively very little is known about their wild counterparts. The environment of the agouti can influence the microflora and parasites harbored by the animals, which may contain zoonotic pathogens. Here, the microflora found on the nasal mucosa and sections of the intestinal tract and endoparasites of freshly shot agouti from various areas of Trinidad are described...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080834/low-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-in-spain-especially-in-the-overweight-obese-population-the-anibes-study
#5
Elena Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Aránzazu Aparicio, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the dietary intake of the Spanish population according to ponderal status and body fat distribution. METHODS: Data were obtained from ANIBES (Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample (1013 men, 996 women) of the Spanish population (18-64 years). The final fieldwork was carried out from mid-September to November (three months) 2013. A 3-day dietary record provided information about food and beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079619/the-importance-and-challenges-of-dietary-intervention-trials-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
James D Lewis, Lindsey Albenberg, Dale Lee, Mario Kratz, Klaus Gottlieb, Walter Reinisch
Inflammatory bowel disease is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental stimuli such as our diet. Diets high in meat and fats and low in fruits and vegetables have been associated with new-onset inflammatory bowel disease. This has triggered interest in using dietary modification as a treatment. The 3 principle models of dietary intervention are supplementation with selected dietary components, exclusion of selected dietary components, or use of dietary formulas in place of a normal diet...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078758/periconceptional-maternal-high-fish-and-olive-oil-low-meat-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-increased-embryonic-growth-the-rotterdam-periconceptional-cohort-predict-study
#7
Francesca Parisi, Melek Rousian, Nicole A Huijgen, Anton H J Koning, Sten P Willemsen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Irene Cetin, Eric A P Steegers, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between periconceptional maternal dietary patterns and first trimester embryonic growth. METHODS: 228 women with singleton ongoing pregnancies were enrolled in a prospective periconceptional cohort study, comprising of 135 strictly dated spontaneous pregnancies and 93 pregnancies achieved after in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI pregnancies). All women underwent longitudinal transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) scans from 6(+0) up to 13(+0) weeks of gestation...
January 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077376/dietary-intake-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-incidence-in-middle-aged-adults-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#8
Rachel P Ogilvie, Pamela L Lutsey, Gerardo Heiss, Aaron R Folsom, Lyn M Steffen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a costly source of morbidity and mortality among older persons in the United States. Dietary intake plays a role in the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, few studies have examined the relation of food intake or dietary patterns with PAD. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between habitual dietary intake at midlife and incident PAD over ∼20 y of follow-up. DESIGN: Among 14,082 participants enrolled in the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study initially free of PAD, dietary intake was assessed at baseline in 1987-1989 by using a modified Harvard food-frequency questionnaire...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077200/expression-of-heat-shock-protein-70-in-transport-stressed-broiler-pectoralis-major-muscle-and-its-relationship-with-meat-quality
#9
T Xing, M F Wang, M Y Han, X S Zhu, X L Xu, G H Zhou
Omics research has indicated that heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is a potential biomarker of meat quality. However, the specific changes and the potential role of HSP70 in postmortem meat quality development need to be further defined. In this study, Arbor Acres broiler chickens (n=126) were randomly categorized into three treatment groups of unstressed control (C), 0.5-h transport (T) and subsequent water shower spray following transport (T/W). Each treatment consisted of six replicates with seven birds each...
January 12, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076993/evaluation-of-clinical-and-serological-findings-for-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-anthrax-infection-after-an-outbreak
#10
Duygu Gulseren, Serap Süzük-Yıldız, Bekir Çelebi, Selçuk Kılıç
PURPOSE: Anthrax, caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, is one of the oldest documented infectious diseases in both livestock and humans.We aimed to evaluate clinical findings and risk factors of patients with cutaneous anthrax infection and report anti-lethal factor (LF) IgG and anti-protective antigene (PA) IgG titers in the serologic diagnosis of disease. METHODS: In this study, serum samples of 18 cutaneous anthrax patients were collected and anti-LF IgG and anti-PA IgG titers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 11, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076425/the-fatty-acid-profile-and-oxidative-stability-of-meat-from-turkeys-fed-diets-enriched-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-dried-fruit-pomaces-as-a-source-of-polyphenols
#11
Jerzy Juskiewicz, Jan Jankowski, Henryk Zielinski, Zenon Zdunczyk, Dariusz Mikulski, Zofia Antoszkiewicz, Monika Kosmala, Przemyslaw Zdunczyk
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of different dietary fruit pomaces in reducing lipid oxidation in the meat of turkeys fed diets with a high content of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Over a period of 4 weeks before slaughter, turkeys were fed diets with the addition of 5% dried apple, blackcurrant, strawberry and seedless strawberry pomaces (groups AP, BP, SP and SSP, respectively) and 2.5% linseed oil. Pomaces differed in the content (from 5.5 in AP to 43.1 mg/g in SSP) and composition of polyphenols Proanthocyanidins were the main polyphenolic fraction in all pomaces, AP contained flavone glycosides and dihydrochalcones, BP contained anthocyanins, and SP and SSP-ellagitannins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075607/efficacy-of-an-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-srp-vaccine-in-orally-challenged-goats-and-strain-persistence-over-time
#12
Jacob M Swift, Derek M Foster, Anna T Rogers, Hannah J Sylvester, Emily H Griffith, Megan E Jacob
Small ruminants have been implicated in outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 at livestock exhibitions throughout the United States. Additionally, goat meat or milk may serve as a reservoir for foodborne transmission of the organism. These associations highlight the public health importance of an effective strategy to reduce E. coli O157:H7 shedding in goats. We examined the efficacy of the SRP(®) vaccine in goats orally challenged with E. coli O157:H7. Mixed-breed goats (n = 14) were randomly allocated into vaccinated and unvaccinated treatments (n = 7 per treatment)...
January 11, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074125/shiga-vero-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-the-hospital-foods-virulence-factors-o-serogroups-and-antimicrobial-resistance-properties
#13
Reza Ranjbar, Mojtaba Masoudimanesh, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Nematollah Jonaidi-Jafari, Ebrahim Rahimi
BACKGROUND: According to the presence of the weak, diabetic and immunosuppressive patients in hospitals, hospital foods should have a high quality and safety. Cooking a lot of foods higher than daily requirement, storage of cooked foods in an inappropriate condition and presence of nurses and servants in distribution of food to patients are the main reasons caused contamination of hospital foods. Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli is one of the common cause of food poisoning in hospitals...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073766/a-comprehensive-model-of-colorectal-cancer-by-risk-factor-status-and-subsite-using-data-from-the-nurses-health-study
#14
Esther K Wei, Graham A Colditz, Edward L Giovannucci, Kana Wu, Robert J Glynn, Charles S Fuchs, Meir Stampfer, Walter Willett, Shuji Ogino, Bernard Rosner
We expanded and updated our colon cancer risk model to evaluate colorectal cancer (CRC) and whether subsite-specific risk models are warranted. Using data from 1980-2010 for 90,286 women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study, we performed competing-risks regression and tests for subsite heterogeneity (proximal colon: n = 821; distal colon: n = 521; rectum: n = 376). Risk factors for CRC were consistent with those in our colon cancer model. Processed meat consumption was associated with a higher risk of distal (hazard ratio (HR) = 1...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073730/2014-anthrax-epidemic-in-koubia-prefecture-guinea-conakry
#15
M S Sow, M B Boushab, H Balde, A Camara, F B Sako, F A Traoré, M O S Diallo, M D Diallo, M Keita, A O Sylla, T M Tounkara, M Cissé
Anthrax disease is an anthropozoonosis caused by a Gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. Our objective was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic features of the 2014 epidemic in Koubia prefecture. This retrospective study examined all of the anthrax cases reported in Fafaya, Koubia Prefecture. In March and April 2014, there were 39 cases of human anthrax reported, for an incidence of 1.135%. The mean age was 20.9 (± 18.3) with a sex ratio of 2.54 (28/11) in favor of men. Seventy-six percent (23/39) were single...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073623/stretching-food-and-being-creative-caregiver-responses-to-child-food-insecurity
#16
Michael P Burke, Lauren H Martini, Christine E Blake, Nicholas A Younginer, Carrie L Draper, Bethany A Bell, Angela D Liese, Sonya J Jones
OBJECTIVE: To examine the strategies and behaviors caregivers use to manage the household food supply when their children experience food insecurity as measured by the US Department of Agriculture's Household Food Security Survey Module. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with open-ended questions collected in person. SETTING: Urban and nonurban areas, South Carolina, US. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers who reported food insecurity among their children (n = 746)...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073080/impact-of-environmental-factors-on-the-culturability-and-viability-of-listeria-monocytogenes-under-conditions-encountered-in-food-processing-plants
#17
Anaïs Overney, Joséphine Jacques-André-Coquin, Patricia Ng, Brigitte Carpentier, Laurent Guillier, Olivier Firmesse
The ability of Listeria monocytogenes to adhere to and persist on surfaces for months or even years may be responsible for its transmission from contaminated surfaces to food products. Hence the necessity to find effective means to prevent the establishment of L. monocytogenes in food processing environments. The aim of this study was to assess, through a fractional experimental design, the environmental factors that could affect the survival of L. monocytogenes cells on surfaces to thereby prevent the persistence of this pathogen in conditions mimicking those encountered in food processing plants: culture with smoked salmon juice or meat exudate, use of two materials with different hygiene status, biofilm of L...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072918/production-of-staphylococcal-enterotoxins-d-and-r-in-milk-and-meat-juice-by-staphylococcus-aureus-strains
#18
Justyna Schubert, Magdalena Podkowik, Jarosław Bystroń, Jacek Bania
Seventeen Staphylococcus aureus strains were tested for production of staphylococcal enterotoxin D (SED) and staphylococcal enterotoxin R (SER) in milk and meat juice. SED was secreted in milk by 12 S. aureus strains at 6-54 ng/mL at 24 h and 9-98 ng/mL at 48 h. Another five strains secreted SED at 0.9-1.9 μg/mL at 24 h and at 1.2-2.4 μg/mL at 48 h. Strains producing high levels of SED in milk secreted 77-666 μg/mL of SED in meat juice at 24 h and 132-1225 μg/mL at 48 h. Strains producing lower amounts of SED in milk secreted 228-1109 ng/mL of SED at 24 h and 377-1782 ng/mL at 48 h in meat juice...
January 10, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071938/tailoring-structure-and-technological-properties-of-plant-proteins-using-high-hydrostatic-pressure
#19
Rui P Queirós, Jorge A Saraiva, José A Lopes da Silva
The demand for proteins is rising and alternatives to meat proteins are necessary since animal husbandry is expensive and intensive to the environment. Plant proteins appear as an alternative; however, their techno-functional properties need improvement. High-pressure processing (HPP) is a non-thermal technology that has several applications including the modification of proteins. The application of pressure allows modifying proteins' structure hence allowing to change several of their properties, such as hydration, hydrophobicity, and hydrophilicity...
January 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071795/consumers-expectations-and-acceptability-for-low-saturated-fat-salami-healthiness-or-taste
#20
Rosaria Marino, Antonella Della Malva, Antonio Seccia, Mariangela Caroprese, Agostino Sevi, Marzia Albenzio
BACKGROUND: Nutritional properties of meat and meat products are becoming very important in purchasing behavior because consumers are even more concerned about healthiness. The present study aimed to examine the influence of health information on the expected and informed acceptability of salami. Traditional salami and two low saturated fat salami produced with a partial or total substitution of pork backfat with extra-virgin oil were evaluated. RESULTS: Perceived acceptability was the lowest in salami with total animal fat substitution...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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