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EQ-5D and arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147744/consistency-in-patient-reported-outcome-measures-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-patient-specific-instrumentation-a-5-year-follow-up-of-200-consecutive-cases
#1
Daphne A L Schoenmakers, Martijn G M Schotanus, Bert Boonen, Nanne P Kort
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 5-year follow-up results of the first 200 total knee arthroplasties (TKA) performed by one high-volume surgeon, using patient-specific information (PSI). To date, there has been no other research into the mid-term follow-up of TKA performed using PSI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 184 consecutive patients (200 TKA) were evaluated. Outcome measures included implant survival rate, adverse events, and the following patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs); Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Pain Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and EuroQol-5D Score (EQ-5D)...
November 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096686/vaso-vitamin-d-and-arthroplasty-surgery-outcomes-study-supplementation-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-to-improve-outcomes-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#2
Rory J M Morrison, Deborah Bunn, William K Gray, Paul N Baker, Craig White, Amar Rangan, Kenneth S Rankin, Mike R Reed
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to poor outcomes after total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR), including lower patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), peri-prosthetic infection and longer hospital stay. We present a randomised feasibility trial protocol designed to prospectively investigate the influence of vitamin D testing, and subsequent supplementation for deficiency, prior to THR/TKR. METHODS/DESIGN: One hundred adult patients undergoing primary THR/TKR for osteoarthritis at two NHS hospital trusts in North East England will be recruited...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080060/pyrocarbon-interposition-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-advanced-collapse-of-the-humeral-head
#3
R Hudek, B Werner, A F Abdelkawi, F Gohlke
BACKGROUND: Pyrocarbon (PyC) interposition shoulder arthroplasty can be used to treat advanced collapse of the humeral head after avascular necrosis. OBJECTIVES: We examined outcomes for this bone-preserving implant which has a PyC coating and a novel biomechanical concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For a minimum of 2 years, we followed 10 patients (4 men, 6 women, 55.6 ± 12.9 years) treated with a free interposition PyC arthroplasty ("snookerball") due to advanced humeral head collapse but with an intact glenoid and rotator cuff...
October 27, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066249/the-influence-of-radiological-severity-and-symptom-duration-of-osteoarthritis-on-postoperative-outcome-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Bariq Sh Al-Amiry, John F Gaber, Bakir K Kadum, Torkel B Brismar, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the influence of preoperative radiological severity and symptom duration of hip osteoarthritis (OA) on the postoperative functional outcome, quality of life, as well as abductor muscle strength after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we studied 250 patients. Preoperatively, we evaluated the function with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index and quality of life with euroqol-5D (EQ-5D)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066110/hospital-consumer-assessment-of-healthcare-providers-and-systems-scores-do-not-predict-outcomes-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Utkarsh Anil, Ameer M Elbuluk, Jacob Ziegler, Ran Schwarzkopf, William J Long
BACKGROUND: With the establishment of the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing program, the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) score has been incorporated into the calculation of the total performance score, which determines redistribution of up to 2% of Medicare payments. This study aims to assess whether the HCAHPS score correlates with validated outcome measures after total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Data from 63 patients who underwent a total hip arthroplasty and completed both an HCAHPS score and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) at our institution during the study period from January 1, 2015 to September 2016 were analyzed...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042371/better-early-functional-outcome-after-short-stem-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-blinded-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial-comparing-the-collum-femoris-preserving-stem-with-a-zweymuller-straight-cementless-stem-total-hip-replacement-for-the-treatment
#6
Jakob van Oldenrijk, Vanessa A B Scholtes, Loes W A H van Beers, Carel H Geerdink, Bob B A M Niers, Wouter Runne, Mohit Bhandari, Rudolf W Poolman
OBJECTIVES: Primary aim was to compare the functional results at 3 months and 2 years between short and conventional cementless stem total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondary aim was to determine the feasibility of a double-blind implant-related trial. DESIGN: A prospective blinded randomised controlled multicentre trial in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. All patients, research assistants, clinical assessors, investigators and data analysts were blinded to the type of prosthesis...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965944/predictors-of-outcome-after-primary-total-joint-replacement
#7
Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael L Woerner, Timo Schwarz, Joachim Grifka, Tobias F Renkawitz
BACKGROUND: Total hip and knee replacements are frequently performed curative treatment options in end-stage arthritis. In this study, we analyzed clinical outcome, complications, and predictors of outcome in modern joint replacement. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of over 2000 primary total hip and knee replacements from our institutional joint registry, responder rates for positive outcome as defined by the OMERACT-OARSI criteria, postoperative complication rates, and patient-reported outcome measures (EQ-5D, WOMAC) within the first year were compared between hip and knee replacements...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947371/inferior-radiographic-and-functional-outcomes-with-modular-stem-in-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty
#8
Inari Laaksonen, Vincent P Galea, James W Connelly, Sean J Matuszak, Orhun K Muratoglu, Henrik Malchau
BACKGROUND: Data on the association between stem type and metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) performance are limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of stem type on the prevalence of osteolysis and radiolucency, blood metal ion levels, and functional outcomes in patients with Articular Surface Replacement THA (ASR XL), a type of MoM THA. METHODS: We analyzed 539 unilateral MoM THAs coupled with Summit (48%), Corail (35%), or S-ROM (17%) hip stems at a mean follow-up of 6...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944248/use-of-promis-for-patients-undergoing-primary-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#9
S Blake Dowdle, Natalie Glass, Chris A Anthony, Carolyn M Hettrich
BACKGROUND: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) consists of question banks for health domains through computer adaptive testing (CAT). HYPOTHESIS: For patients with glenohumeral arthritis, (1) there would be high correlation between traditional patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures and the PROMIS upper extremity item bank (PROMIS UE) and PROMIS physical function CAT (PROMIS PF CAT), and (2) PROMIS PF CAT would not demonstrate ceiling effects...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916991/higher-physical-activity-and-lower-pain-levels-before-surgery-predict-non-improvement-of-knee-pain-1%C3%A2-year-after-tka
#10
Nikolai Kornilov, Maren Falch Lindberg, Caryl Gay, Alexander Saraev, Taras Kuliaba, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Anners Lerdal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of pain during the first year following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and evaluate pre- and postoperative factors associated with pain and patient satisfaction at 1 year. It was hypothesized that more severe preoperative pain would be associated with more residual pain and lower patient satisfaction 1 year after surgery. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was performed with repeated measures of pain (0-10 numeric rating scale) and evaluation of other self-reported symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Fatigue Severity Score), daily functioning (Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale), quality of life (EQ-5D-3L), knee function (KSS Knee and Function Score), perioperative and clinical characteristics (e...
September 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856511/local-infiltration-analgesia-a-2-year-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty
#11
Ján Kuchálik, Anders Magnuson, Anders Lundin, Anil Gupta
PURPOSE: Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) is commonly used for postoperative pain management following total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the long-term effects of the component drugs are unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate functional outcome, quality of life, chronic post-surgical pain, and adverse events in patients within 2 years of undergoing THA. METHODS: The study was a secondary analysis of data from a previous larger study. Eighty patients were randomized to receive either intrathecal morphine (Group ITM) or local infiltration analgesia (Group LIA) for pain management in a double-blind study...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776109/clinical-and-radiological-results-7%C3%A2-years-after-copeland-shoulder-resurfacing-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-primary-glenohumeral-osteoarthritis-an-independent-multicentre-retrospective-study
#12
F U Verstraelen, L A Horta, M G M Schotanus, N P Kort, S K Samijo, E J P Jansen
PURPOSE: The aim of this multicentre cohort study was to evaluate the midterm outcomes and survival after cementless stemless resurfacing arthroplasty (CSRA) in a series of 33 shoulders in 27 patients with primary osteoarthritis. METHODS: Clinical outcome assessment included: Constant-Murley score (CMS); Simple Shoulder Test (SST); Disability of Arm, Shoulder, Hand (DASH); EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) utility scores; Numerous Rating Scale (NRS) for pain. Radiographs were assessed by two independent observers for oversizing, radiolucency, glenohumeral subluxation, glenoid erosion and subsidence...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768780/activity-levels-and-return-to-work-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-under-65-years-of-age
#13
C E H Scott, G S Turnbull, D MacDonald, S J Breusch
AIMS: Little is known about employment following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aims to identify factors which predict return to work following TKA in patients of working age in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS & METHODS: We prospectively assessed 289 patients (289 TKAs) aged ≤ 65 years who underwent TKA between 2010 and 2013. There were 148 women. The following were recorded pre-operatively: age, gender, body mass index, social deprivation, comorbidities, indication for surgery, work status and nature of employment, activity level as assessed by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score and Oxford Knee Score (OKS)...
August 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744756/short-term-outcome-of-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-octogenarian-population
#14
Baha John Tadros, John Dabis, Roy Twyman
PURPOSE: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) provides significant benefits to patients with anteromedial osteoarthritis, with good long-term results. Morbidity and mortality rates are lower, and recovery is quicker. These benefits would be advantageous to the octogenarian population whom carry significant comorbidities. The primary aim was to compare the short-term functional outcome at 2 years of UKA in the octogenarian population against a stratified younger cohort of patients...
July 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733672/trainee-surgeons-affect-operative-time-but-not-outcome-in-minimally-invasive-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Markus Weber, Achim Benditz, Michael Woerner, Daniela Weber, Joachim Grifka, Tobias Renkawitz
Training of young surgeons in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is crucial, but might affect operative time and outcome especially in minimally invasive (MIS) THA. We asked whether the learning curve of orthopaedic residents trained on MIS THA has an impact on (1) operative time (2) complication rates and (3) early postoperative outcome. In a retrospective analysis of over 1000 MIS THAs from our institutional joint registry, operative time, complication rates, patient reported outcome measures (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index [WOMAC] and Euro-Qol 5D-5L [EQ-5D]) within the first year and responder rates for positive outcome as defined by the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology and Osteoarthritis Research Society International consensus responder (OMERACT-OARSI) criteria were compared between trainee and senior surgeons...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709613/a-regional-registry-study-of-216-patients-investigating-if-patient-satisfaction-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-changes-over-a-time-period-of-five-to-20years
#16
Odei Shannak, Jeya Palan, Colin Esler
AIMS: To determine the temporal changes in patient dissatisfaction following primary knee arthroplasty surgery (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and ninety patients that had previously indicated they were either dissatisfied or unsure with their TKA at one-year post-surgery in our region were mailed a simple questionnaire in addition to the Oxford Knee Score and EQ-5D. RESULTS: A 55% response rate was achieved. The mean follow-up time period was 9...
August 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690473/total-knee-arthroplasty-for-knee-osteoarthritis-support-for-a-foregone-conclusion
#17
REVIEW
Michael E Steinhaus, Alexander B Christ, Michael B Cross
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is generally accepted as the definitive treatment for advanced knee arthritis after patients fail nonoperative treatments; however, the safety and efficacy of TKA compared to continued nonoperative treatment has never been proven in high-quality, randomized controlled trials. Recently, a 2015 Danish study published a 12-month follow-up on a cohort of patients randomized to either a TKA or continued nonsurgical management for advanced knee osteoarthritis (OA). The authors reported significantly greater improvement in the TKA group in functional outcome scores such as the overall Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS4 score), the KOOS subscales, EQ-5D descriptive index, and timed get up-and-go and 20-m walk tests; however, patients in the TKA did suffer significantly more serious adverse events (SAE)...
July 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669018/revision-knee-arthroplasty-using-a-distal-femoral-replacement-prosthesis-for-periprosthetic-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#18
Ehab Girgis, Christoph McAllen, Jonathan Keenan
PURPOSE: Distal femoral periprosthetic fractures above a total knee replacement in elderly patients are technically challenging to treat. Bone quality is often poor, the fractures comminuted, and post-operative mobilisation is difficult. This study assesses the clinical, radiological and functional outcome of revision knee distal femoral replacement (DFR) in these fractures. METHODS: We identified 14 patients over 70 years of age (70-94) who underwent DFR for periprosthetic fractures above a knee replacement...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648704/total-knee-arthroplasty-using-bicruciate-stabilized-or-posterior-stabilized-knee-implants-provided-comparable-outcomes-at-2-years-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-of-patient-outcomes
#19
Jennie M Scarvell, Diana M Perriman, Paul N Smith, David G Campbell, Warwick J M Bruce, Bo Nivbrant
BACKGROUND: The bicruciate-stabilized (BCS) knee arthroplasty was developed to replicate normal knee kinematics. We examined the hypothesis that patients with osteoarthritis requiring total knee arthroplasty (TKA) will have better functional outcome and satisfaction with the BCS implant compared with an established posterior cruciate-stabilized implant. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial compared the clinical outcomes of a BCS implant against an established posterior cruciate-stabilized implant with 2-year follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640672/consistency-in-patient-reported-outcomes-after-total-hip-replacement
#20
Albin Bengtsson, Gabrielle S Donahue, Szilard Nemes, Göran Garellick, Ola Rolfson
Purpose - The primary objective in this study was to describe the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) of total hip replacement (THR) patients 6 years after index surgery. Second, we sought to analyze how the preoperative, 1- and 6-year outcomes were associated. Patients and methods - By assessing the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR), 15,755 patients with complete follow-up were included in the study group. 1-year and 6-year response rates were 93% and 87%. PROMs used by the SHAR include the EQ-5D instrument, and 2 modified visual analogue scales, 1 for pain and 1 for satisfaction...
October 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
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