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EQ-5D and arthroplasty

Matthew L Costa, Juul Achten, Pedro Foguet, Nicholas R Parsons
OBJECTIVE: To compare the medium-term clinical effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty and resurfacing arthroplasty. DESIGN: Single centre, two-arm, parallel group, assessor blinded, randomised controlled trial with 1:1 treatment allocation. SETTING: A large teaching hospital in England. PARTICIPANTS: 122 patients older than 18 years with severe arthritis of the hip joint, suitable for resurfacing arthroplasty of the hip...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Per Jolbäck, Ola Rolfson, Maziar Mohaddes, Szilárd Nemes, Johan Kärrholm, Göran Garellick, Hans Lindahl
Background and purpose - Several studies have reported on the influence of various factors on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after total hip arthroplasty (THA), but very few have focused on the experience of the surgeon. We investigated any association between surgeons' experience and PROs 1 year after primary THA. Patients and methods - Patient characteristics and surgical data at 10 hospitals in western Sweden were linked with PROs (EQ-5D-3L, Satisfaction Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Pain VAS). These data were retrieved from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR)...
March 6, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Rinne M Peters, Loes W A H van Beers, Liza N van Steenbergen, Julius Wolkenfelt, Harmen B Ettema, Bas L E F Ten Have, Paul C Rijk, Martin Stevens, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Rudolf W Poolman, Wierd P Zijlstra
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to evaluate the outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA). We determined the effect of surgical approach on PROMs after primary THA. METHODS: All primary THAs, with registered preoperative and 3 months postoperative PROMs were selected from the Dutch Arthroplasty Register. Based on surgical approach, 4 groups were discerned: (direct) anterior, anterolateral, direct lateral, and posterolateral approaches...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Klemens Trieb, David Ullmann, Katharina Metzinger, Reinhard Kramar, Andreas Mauerer, Stefan Hofstätter, Rainer Fiala
AIMS: The aim of this open-label, prospective, short-term study was to carry out an initial comparison of a completely metal-free ceramic with a geometrically identical metallic arthroplasty over a 1-year follow-up period. METHODS: This study investigates a completely metal-free system using a composite matrix material containing aluminum oxide (Al2 O3 , BPK-S Integration, Peter Brehm GmbH, Weisendorf, Germany) or zirconium oxide (ZrO2 , BPK-S Integration Ceramic, Biolox Delta-CeramTec GmbH, Plochingen, Germany)...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
L Franken, F Thielemann, A Postler, S Blum, A Hartmann, K-P Günther, J Goronzy
INTRODUCTION: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective procedure in treatment of symptomatic hip dysplasia. To achieve a good outcome a strict patient selection has to be applied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient age at surgery on clinical outcome. METHODS: In a prospective study 86 patients (106 hips) underwent clinical and radiographic follow-up at a mean time of 5 years (2.5-8.5 years) after PAO. Patient-related outcome measurements (PROMs: EQ-5D, WOMAC, OHS, GTO) were applied preoperatively as well as postoperatively and the deformity correction as well as development of osteoarthritis were evaluated...
February 12, 2018: Der Orthopäde
J M Giesinger, F L Loth, D J MacDonald, K Giesinger, J T Patton, A H R W Simpson, C R Howie, David F Hamilton
PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of body mass index (BMI) on improvement in patient outcomes (pain, function, joint awareness, general health and satisfaction) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Data were obtained for primary TKAs performed at a single centre over a 12-month period. Data were collected pre-operatively and 12-month postoperatively with the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) measuring pain and function, the EQ-5D-3L measuring general health status, the Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12) measuring joint awareness and a single question on treatment satisfaction...
February 7, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Stefan J M Breugem, Jeroen Linnartz, Inger Sierevelt, Jon D Bruijn, Marcel J M Driessen
AIM: To evaluate the influence of the titanium nitride (TiN) coating on the results of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total of 910 patients (338 men; 572 woman), with a mean age of 65 (range 36-94) undergoing 1031 primary TKAs were assessed. Clinical evaluation and patient-reported outcomes were gathered one year after surgery. The questionnaires included the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS)-Dutch version, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain scores in rest and during active knee movement, VAS-satisfaction scores, and EQ-5D-3L health scores...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
Magnus Ödquist, Kristofer Hallberg, Hans Rahme, Björn Salomonsson, Aldana Rosso
Background and purpose - The number of patients where shoulder hemiarthroplasty (SHA) is an option is still substantial. Descriptive analyses performed by the Swedish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry (SSAR) showed that while patients receiving SHA designs, i.e. resurfacing hemi (RH) and stemmed hemi (SH), reported similar shoulder functionality and quality of life, the revision rate for RH (12%) was larger than for SH (6.7%); this difference was studied. Patients and methods - All primary SHA (n = 1,140) for OA reported to SSAR between 1999 and 2009 were analyzed regarding risk factors for revision and PROM outcome, 950 shoulders with primary OA (POA), and 190 secondary OA (SOA)...
February 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Min Ji Suh, Bo Ryun Kim, Sang Rim Kim, Eun Young Han, So Young Lee
Objective: To investigate the effects of early combined eccentric-concentric (ECC-CON) or concentric (CON) resistance training following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: Patients who underwent a primary TKA were randomly assigned to an ECC-CON group (n=16) or a CON group (n=18). All patients received early, progressive resistance training with five sessions per week for 2 weeks starting 2 weeks after TKA. Isometric knee flexor and extensor strength of the surgical and non-surgical knees, instrumental gait analysis for spatiotemporal parameters, 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), Timed Stair Climbing Test (SCT) were used to evaluate performance-based physical function...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Joel A Humphrey, Marc D George, Marcus J K Bankes
INTRODUCTION: The non-arthroplasty hip registry (NAHR) is a United Kingdom national register that monitors the efficacy of hip preservation surgery. We aim to highlight early experiences of incorporating the NAHR into our practice at a tertiary centre. METHODS: Between December 2013 and February 2015, 381 patients were identified on the NAHR database that had undergone non-arthroplasty hip surgery. Patient-related outcome measures EuroQuol 5D-5L (EQ-5D) and the International Hip Outcome Tool 12 (iHOT-12) were recorded at baseline and 6 months...
November 21, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Daphne A L Schoenmakers, Martijn G M Schotanus, Bert Boonen, Nanne P Kort
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 5-year follow-up results of the first 200 total knee arthroplasties (TKA) performed by one high-volume surgeon, using patient-specific information (PSI). To date, there has been no other research into the mid-term follow-up of TKA performed using PSI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 184 consecutive patients (200 TKA) were evaluated. Outcome measures included implant survival rate, adverse events, and the following patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs); Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Pain Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and EuroQol-5D Score (EQ-5D)...
November 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Rory J M Morrison, Deborah Bunn, William K Gray, Paul N Baker, Craig White, Amar Rangan, Kenneth S Rankin, Mike R Reed
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to poor outcomes after total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR), including lower patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), peri-prosthetic infection and longer hospital stay. We present a randomised feasibility trial protocol designed to prospectively investigate the influence of vitamin D testing, and subsequent supplementation for deficiency, prior to THR/TKR. METHODS/DESIGN: One hundred adult patients undergoing primary THR/TKR for osteoarthritis at two NHS hospital trusts in North East England will be recruited...
November 2, 2017: Trials
R Hudek, B Werner, A F Abdelkawi, F Gohlke
BACKGROUND: Pyrocarbon (PyC) interposition shoulder arthroplasty can be used to treat advanced collapse of the humeral head after avascular necrosis. OBJECTIVES: We examined outcomes for this bone-preserving implant which has a PyC coating and a novel biomechanical concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For a minimum of 2 years, we followed 10 patients (4 men, 6 women, 55.6 ± 12.9 years) treated with a free interposition PyC arthroplasty ("snookerball") due to advanced humeral head collapse but with an intact glenoid and rotator cuff...
December 2017: Der Orthopäde
Bariq Sh Al-Amiry, John F Gaber, Bakir K Kadum, Torkel B Brismar, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the influence of preoperative radiological severity and symptom duration of hip osteoarthritis (OA) on the postoperative functional outcome, quality of life, as well as abductor muscle strength after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we studied 250 patients. Preoperatively, we evaluated the function with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index and quality of life with euroqol-5D (EQ-5D)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Utkarsh Anil, Ameer M Elbuluk, Jacob Ziegler, Ran Schwarzkopf, William J Long
BACKGROUND: With the establishment of the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing program, the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) score has been incorporated into the calculation of the total performance score, which determines redistribution of up to 2% of Medicare payments. This study aims to assess whether the HCAHPS score correlates with validated outcome measures after total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Data from 63 patients who underwent a total hip arthroplasty and completed both an HCAHPS score and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) at our institution during the study period from January 1, 2015 to September 2016 were analyzed...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jakob van Oldenrijk, Vanessa A B Scholtes, Loes W A H van Beers, Carel H Geerdink, Bob B A M Niers, Wouter Runne, Mohit Bhandari, Rudolf W Poolman
OBJECTIVES: Primary aim was to compare the functional results at 3 months and 2 years between short and conventional cementless stem total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondary aim was to determine the feasibility of a double-blind implant-related trial. DESIGN: A prospective blinded randomised controlled multicentre trial in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. All patients, research assistants, clinical assessors, investigators and data analysts were blinded to the type of prosthesis...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael L Woerner, Timo Schwarz, Joachim Grifka, Tobias F Renkawitz
BACKGROUND: Total hip and knee replacements are frequently performed curative treatment options in end-stage arthritis. In this study, we analyzed clinical outcome, complications, and predictors of outcome in modern joint replacement. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of over 2000 primary total hip and knee replacements from our institutional joint registry, responder rates for positive outcome as defined by the OMERACT-OARSI criteria, postoperative complication rates, and patient-reported outcome measures (EQ-5D, WOMAC) within the first year were compared between hip and knee replacements...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Inari Laaksonen, Vincent P Galea, James W Connelly, Sean J Matuszak, Orhun K Muratoglu, Henrik Malchau
BACKGROUND: Data on the association between stem type and metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) performance are limited. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of stem type on the prevalence of osteolysis and radiolucency, blood metal ion levels, and functional outcomes in patients with Articular Surface Replacement THA (ASR XL), a type of MoM THA. METHODS: We analyzed 539 unilateral MoM THAs coupled with Summit (48%), Corail (35%), or S-ROM (17%) hip stems at a mean follow-up of 6...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
S Blake Dowdle, Natalie Glass, Chris A Anthony, Carolyn M Hettrich
BACKGROUND: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) consists of question banks for health domains through computer adaptive testing (CAT). HYPOTHESIS: For patients with glenohumeral arthritis, (1) there would be high correlation between traditional patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures and the PROMIS upper extremity item bank (PROMIS UE) and PROMIS physical function CAT (PROMIS PF CAT), and (2) PROMIS PF CAT would not demonstrate ceiling effects...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Nikolai Kornilov, Maren Falch Lindberg, Caryl Gay, Alexander Saraev, Taras Kuliaba, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Anners Lerdal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of pain during the first year following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and evaluate pre- and postoperative factors associated with pain and patient satisfaction at 1 year. It was hypothesized that more severe preoperative pain would be associated with more residual pain and lower patient satisfaction 1 year after surgery. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was performed with repeated measures of pain (0-10 numeric rating scale) and evaluation of other self-reported symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Fatigue Severity Score), daily functioning (Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale), quality of life (EQ-5D-3L), knee function (KSS Knee and Function Score), perioperative and clinical characteristics (e...
September 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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