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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340417/interfacial-interactions-between-skeletonema-costatum-extracellular-organic-matter-and-metal-oxides-implications-for-ceramic-membrane-filtration
#1
Noor Zaouri, Leonardo Gutierrez, Laure Dramas, Daniel Garces, Jean-Philippe Croue
In the current study, the interfacial interactions between the high molecular weight (HMW) compounds of Skeletonema costatum (SKC) extracellular organic matter (EOM) and ZrO2 or Al2O3, were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). HMW SKC-EOM was rigorously characterized and described as a hydrophilic organic compound mainly comprised of polysaccharide-like structures. Lipids and proteins were also observed, although in lower abundance. HMW SKC-EOM displayed attractive forces during approaching (i.e., leading to jump-to-contact events) and adhesion forces during retracting regime to both metal oxides at all solution conditions tested, where electrostatics and hydrogen bonding were suggested as dominant interacting mechanisms...
March 21, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335269/galactosylated-liposomes-for-targeted-co-delivery-of-doxorubicin-vimentin-sirna-to-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Hea Ry Oh, Hyun-Young Jo, James S Park, Dong-Eun Kim, Je-Yoel Cho, Pyung-Hwan Kim, Keun-Sik Kim
The combination of therapeutic nucleic acids and chemotherapeutic drugs has shown great promise for cancer therapy. In this study, asialoglycoprotein receptors (ASGPR) targeting-ligand-based liposomes were tested to determine whether they can co-deliver vimentin siRNA and doxorubicin to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) selectively. To achieve this goal, we developed an ASGPR receptor targeted co-delivery system called gal-doxorubicin/vimentin siRNA liposome (Gal-DOX/siRNA-L). The Gal-DOX/siRNA-L was created via electrostatic interaction of galactose linked-cationic liposomal doxorubicin (Gal-DOX-L) on vimentin siRNA...
July 30, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335197/cationic-nanoparticles-assembled-from-natural-based-steroid-lipid-for-improved-intracellular-transport-of-sirna-and-pdna
#3
Ruilong Sheng, Xiaoqing Zhuang, Zhao Wang, Amin Cao, Kaili Lin, Julian X X Zhu
Developing new functional biomaterials from biocompatible natural-based resources for gene/drug delivery has attracted increasing attention in recent years. In this work, we prepared a series of cationic nanoparticles (Diosarg-DOPE NPs) by assembly of a natural steroid diosgenin-based cationic lipid (Diosarg) with commercially-available helper lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorethanolamine (DOPE). These cationic Diosarg-DOPE NPs were able to efficiently bind siRNA and plasmid DNA (pDNA) via electrostatic interactions to form stable, nano-sized cationic lipid nanoparticles instead of lamellar vesicles in aqueous solution...
April 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326614/recombinant-expression-of-porcine-spermadhesin-awn-and-its-phospholipid-interaction-indication-for-a-novel-lipid-binding-property
#4
F Schröter, K Müller, P Müller, E Krause, B C Braun
AWN is a porcine (Sus scrofa domestica) seminal plasma protein and has been linked to a variety of processes related to fertilization. To acquire the protein in sufficient amount and purity for functional studies, we established its recombinant expression in E. coli and a three-step purification protocol based on different chromatographies. The test for AWN-phospholipid interaction revealed phosphatidic acid and cardiolipin as potential binding partners. As phosphatidic acid is surmised to play a role in cation-induced membrane destabilization and fusion events, we propose a membrane protective function of the presented binding affinity...
March 21, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323115/gene-transfection-efficiency-into-dendritic-cells-is-influenced-by-the-size-of-cationic-liposomes-dna-complexes
#5
Yoshikazu Inoh, Mie Nagai, Kayo Matsushita, Mamoru Nakanishi, Tadahide Furuno
Cationic liposomes have attracted recent attention as DNA vaccine carriers that can target dendritic cells (DCs). In general, cationic liposome/DNA complexes (lipoplexes) are taken up by various cells via clathrin-mediated endocytosis, caveolae-mediated endocytosis, macropinocytosis, or phagocytosis, with the mode of endocytosis determining further intracellular trafficking pathways. Moreover, the physicochemical properties of cationic lipoplexes, including lipid composition, shape, size, and charge, influence transfection efficiency, affecting uptake and subsequent intracellular pathways...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317903/stability-and-dynamics-of-membrane-spanning-dna-nanopores
#6
Vishal Maingi, Jonathan R Burns, Jaakko J Uusitalo, Stefan Howorka, Siewert J Marrink, Mark S P Sansom
Recently developed DNA-based analogues of membrane proteins have advanced synthetic biology. A fundamental question is how hydrophilic nanostructures reside in the hydrophobic environment of the membrane. Here, we use multiscale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to explore the structure, stability and dynamics of an archetypical DNA nanotube inserted via a ring of membrane anchors into a phospholipid bilayer. Coarse-grained MD reveals that the lipids reorganize locally to interact closely with the membrane-spanning section of the DNA tube...
March 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317130/influence-of-thylakoid-membrane-lipids-on-the-structure-of-aggregated-light-harvesting-complexes-of-the-diatom-thalassiosira-pseudonana-and-the-green-alga-mantoniella-squamata
#7
Susann Schaller-Laudel, Dariusz Latowski, Małgorzata Jemioła-Rzemińska, Kazimierz Strzałka, Sebastian Daum, Kirsten Bacia, Christian Wilhelm, Reimund Goss
The study investigated the effect of the thylakoid membrane lipids monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG), digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), sulphoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) on the structure of two algal light-harvesting complexes (LHC). In contrast to higher plants whose thylakoid membranes are characterized by an enrichment of the neutral galactolipids MGDG and DGDG, both the green alga Mantoniella squamata and the centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana contain membranes with a high content of the negatively charged lipids SQDG and PG...
March 20, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314372/exploring-fluorescent-dyes-at-biomimetic-interfaces-with-second-harmonic-generation-and-molecular-dynamics
#8
Giuseppe Licari, Lukasz Cwiklik, Pavel Jungwirth, Eric Vauthey
The adsorption of a DNA fluorescent probe belonging to the thiazole orange family at the dodecane/water and dodecane/phospholipid/water interfaces has been investigated using a combination of surface-second harmonic generation (SSHG) and all-atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Both approaches point to a high affinity of the cationic dye for the dodecane/water interface with a Gibbs free energy of adsorption of the order of -45 kJ/mol. Similar affinity was observed with a monolayer of negatively charged DPPG (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-rac-(1-glycerol)) lipids...
March 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303896/phospholipid-imprinted-polymers-as-selective-endotoxin-scavengers
#9
Robert Sulc, Gyorgy Szekely, Sudhirkumar Shinde, Celina Wierzbicka, Filipe Vilela, David Bauer, Börje Sellergren
Herein we explore phospholipid imprinting as a means to design receptors for complex glycolipids comprising the toxic lipopolysaccharide endotoxin. A series of polymerizable bis-imidazolium and urea hosts were evaluated as cationic and neutral hosts for phosphates and phosphonates, the latter used as mimics of the phospholipid head groups. The bis-imidazolium hosts interacted with the guests in a cooperative manner leading to the presence of tight and well defined 1:2 ternary complexes. Optimized monomer combinations were subsequently used for imprinting of phosphatidic acid as an endotoxin dummy template...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301157/identification-of-the-crucial-residues-in-the-early-inser-tion-of-pardaxin-into-different-phospholipid-bilayers
#10
Majid Jafari, Faramarz Mehrnejad, Raheleh Aghdami, Nader Chaparzadeh, Zahra Razaghi-Moghadam, Farahnoosh Doustdar
Antimicrobial peptides are part of the innate host defense system, and they are produced by living organisms to defend themselves against infections. Pardaxin is a cationic AMP with antimicrobial and antitumor activities that has potential to be used as a novel antibiotic or for drug delivery in cancer therapy. This peptide acts on the membrane of target cells and can lead to lysis using different mechanisms of action. Here, we conducted 4.5 µs all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to determine the critical fragments and residues of Pardaxin for early insertion into different lipid bilayers...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300539/interaction-of-dextran-derivatives-with-lipid-monolayers-and-the-consequential-modulation-of-the-film-properties
#11
Candelaria I Cámara, Natalia Wilke
Polysaccharides have been associated with various biological functions through their binding to membranes, but their specific role is still under debate. The aim of this work was to study the interaction of cationic and anionic polysaccharides with anionic and zwitterionic monolayers, at different subphase compositions, thus analyzing the influence of electrostatics on the interaction. The consequent effect of the polymer-lipid binding on the film properties was studied, with special interest in monolayer dynamics...
March 11, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300348/sphingosine-1-phosphate-induces-ca-2-signaling-and-cxcl1-release-via-trpc6-channel-in-astrocytes
#12
Hisashi Shirakawa, Rumi Katsumoto, Shota Iida, Takahito Miyake, Takuya Higuchi, Takuya Nagashima, Kazuki Nagayasu, Takayuki Nakagawa, Shuji Kaneko
A biologically active lipid, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is highly abundant in blood, and plays an important role in regulating the growth, survival, and migration of many cells. Binding of the endogenous ligand S1P results in activation of various signaling pathways via G protein-coupled receptors, some of which generates Ca(2+) mobilization. In astrocytes, S1P is reported to evoke Ca(2+) signaling, proliferation, and migration; however, the precise mechanisms underlying such responses in astrocytes remain to be elucidated...
March 16, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295351/when-size-matters-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-channel-as-a-volume-sensor-rather-than-an-osmo-sensor
#13
Trine L Toft-Bertelsen, David Krízaj, Nanna MacAulay
Transient receptor potential channel 4 of the vanilloid subfamily (TRPV4) is activated by a diverse range of molecular cues, such as heat, lipid metabolites, synthetic agonists, in addition to hyposmotic challenges. As a non-selective cation channel permeable to Ca(2+) , it transduces physical stress in the form of osmotic cell swelling into intracellular Ca(2+) -dependent signaling events. Its contribution to cell volume regulation might include interactions with aquaporin (AQP) water channel isoforms, although the proposed requirement for a TRPV4-AQP4 macromolecular complex remains to be resolved...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294162/sporicidal-activity-of-ceragenin-csa-13-against-bacillus-subtilis
#14
Ewelina Piktel, Katarzyna Pogoda, Maciej Roman, Katarzyna Niemirowicz, Grażyna Tokajuk, Marta Wróblewska, Beata Szynaka, Wojciech M Kwiatek, Paul B Savage, Robert Bucki
Spore-forming bacteria are a class of microorganisms that possess the ability to survive in extreme environmental conditions. Morphological features of spores assure their resistance to stress factors such as high temperature, radiation, disinfectants, and drying. Consequently, spore elimination in industrial and medical environments is very challenging. Ceragenins are a new class of cationic lipids characterized by a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity resulting from amphipathic nature and membrane-permeabilizing properties...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282123/influence-of-the-length-and-charge-on-the-activity-of-%C3%AE-helical-amphipathic-antimicrobial-peptides
#15
Marie-Claude Gagnon, Erik Strandberg, Ariadna Grau-Campistany, Parvesh Wadhwani, Johannes Reichert, Jochen Bürck, Francesc Rabanal, Michèle Auger, Jean-François Paquin, Anne S Ulrich
Hydrophobic mismatch is important for pore-forming amphipathic antimicrobial peptides, as demonstrated recently [Grau-Campistany, A., et al. (2015) Sci. Rep. 5, 9388]. A series of different length peptides have been generated with the heptameric repeat sequence KIAGKIA, called KIA peptides, and it was found that only those helices sufficiently long to span the hydrophobic thickness of the membrane could induce leakage in lipid vesicles; there was also a clear length dependence of the antimicrobial and hemolytic activities...
March 10, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277666/calcium-and-zinc-differentially-affect-the-structure-of-lipid-membranes
#16
Norbert Kučerka, Ermuhammad Dushanov, Kholmirzo T Kholmurodov, John Katsaras, Daniela Uhríková
Interactions of calcium (Ca(2+)) and zinc (Zn(2+)) cations with biomimetic membranes made of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) were studied by small angle neutron diffraction (SAND). Experiments show that the structure of these lipid bilayers is differentially affected by the two divalent cations. Initially, both Ca(2+) and Zn(2+) cause DPPC bilayers to thicken, while further increases in Ca(2+) concentration result in the bilayer thinning, eventually reverting to having the same thickness as pure DPPC...
March 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276242/cellular-uptake-mechanism-of-cationic-branched-polypeptides-with-poly-l-lys-backbone
#17
Rita Szabó, Mónika Sebestyén, György Kóczán, Ádám Orosz, Gábor Mező, Ferenc Hudecz
Cationic macromolecular carriers can be effective carriers for small molecular compounds, drugs, epitopes, or nucleic acids. Polylysine-based polymeric branched polypeptides have been systematically studied on the level of cells and organisms as well. In the present study, we report our findings on the cellular uptake characteristics of nine structurally related polylysine-based polypeptides with cationic side chains composed of (i) single amino acid (poly[Lys(Xi)], XiK) or (ii) oligo[dl-alanine] (poly[Lys(dl-Alam)], AK) or (iii) oligo[dl-alanine] with an additional amino acid (X) at the terminal position (poly[Lys(Xi-dl-Alam)] (XAK)) or (iv) at the position next to the polylysine backbone (poly[Lys(dl-Alam-Xi)] (AXK))...
March 9, 2017: ACS Combinatorial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271115/in-vitro-selection-of-random-peptides-against-artificial-lipid-bilayers-a-potential-tool-to-immobilize-molecules-on-membranes
#18
Shota Kobayashi, Takuya Terai, Yuki Yoshikawa, Ryoya Ohkawa, Mika Ebihara, Masahito Hayashi, Kingo Takiguchi, Naoto Nemoto
The first in vitro selection of binding peptides against artificial lipid membranes from a random peptide library using an in vitro display method (cDNA display) is reported. The selected peptide, LB-1, has both amphiphilic and cationic regions, and proteins fused to LB-1 can be immobilized on the liposome surface.
March 8, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271031/enteroendocrine-derived-glucagon-like-peptide-2-controls-intestinal-amino-acid-transport
#19
Jennifer Lee, Jacqueline Koehler, Bernardo Yusta, Jasmine Bahrami, Dianne Matthews, Mahroukh Rafii, Paul B Pencharz, Daniel J Drucker
OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is co-secreted with GLP-1 from gut endocrine cells, and both peptides act as growth factors to expand the surface area of the mucosal epithelium. Notably, GLP-2 also enhances glucose and lipid transport in enterocytes; however, its actions on control of amino acid (AA) transport remain unclear. Here we examined the mechanisms linking gain and loss of GLP-2 receptor (GLP-2R) signaling to control of intestinal amino acid absorption in mice. METHODS: Absorption, transport, and clearance of essential AAs, specifically lysine, were measured in vivo by Liquid Chromatography triple quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and ex vivo with Ussing chambers using intestinal preparations from Glp2r(+/+) and Glp2r(-/-) mice...
March 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265358/blanching-influences-the-phenolics-composition-antioxidant-activity-and-inhibitory-effect-of-adansonia-digitata-leaves-extract-on-%C3%AE-amylase-%C3%AE-glucosidase-and-aldose-reductase
#20
Emmanuel A Irondi, Jacob K Akintunde, Samson O Agboola, Aline A Boligon, Margareth L Athayde
Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) leaves serve as food and has several medicinal uses in many parts of the world. This study evaluated the influence of blanching on the phenolics composition, antioxidant activity, and inhibitory effect of methanol extract of A. digitata leaves on the activities of some key enzymes (α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and aldose reductase) implicated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) in vitro. Reverse-phase HPLC analysis revealed that the leaves had appreciable levels of flavonoids and phenolic acids, including catechin, epicatechin, rutin, quercitrin, quercetin, kaempferol, and luteolin (flavonoids); gallic, chlorogenic, caffeic, and ellagic acids (phenolic acids)...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
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