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Cationic lipid

Anna Mularski, Jonathan Wilksch, Eric Hanssen, Jian Li, Takehiro Tomita, Sacha James Pidot, Tim Stinear, Frances Separovic, Dick Strugnell
Atomic force microscopy measurements of capsule thickness revealed that that the wild-type Klebsiella pneumoniae AJ218 capsular polysaccharides were rearranged by exposure to colistin. The increase in capsule thickness measured near minimum inhibitory/bactericidal concentration (MIC/MBC) is consistent with the idea that colistin displaces the divalent cations that cross-bridge adjacent lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecules through the capsule network. Cryo-electron microscopy demonstrated that the measured capsule thickness at near MIC/MBC of 1...
October 17, 2016: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
Sarah A Altınoğlu, Ming Wang, Kathleen Q Li, Yuyang Li, Qiaobing Xu
The phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor, mutated or inactive in a large percentage of human cancers. Restoring PTEN activity in cancer cells through gene therapy has shown to inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis, particularly in cells with a PTEN deficiency. Gene therapy, however, comes with some inherent risks such as triggering an immune response and permanent off target effects. Nanoparticle assisted protein delivery could mitigate these liabilities while maintaining therapeutic integrity...
October 17, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Shweta Sharma, Ashwni Kumar Verma, Jyotsana Singh, B Venkatesh Teja, Naresh Mittapelly, Gitu Pandey, Sandeep Urandur, Ravi Shukla, Rituraj Konwar, Prabhat Ranjan Mishra
This study reports the development of Vitamin B6 (VitB6) modified pH sensitive charge reversal nanoparticles for efficient intracellular delivery of Doxorubicin (DOX). Herein, VitB6 was conjugated to stearic acid and the nanoparticles of the lipid were formulated by solvent injection method (DOX-B6-SA-NP). Due to the pKa (5.6) of VitB6, DOX-B6-SA-NP showed positive charge and enhanced release of DOX at pH 5. Confocal microscopy illustrated that DOX-B6-SA-NP treatment keep higher DOX accumulation inside the cells that conventional pH insensitive lipid nanoparticles (DOX-SA-NP)...
October 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Juntao Yin, Cuiyu Xiang, Guangxiu Lu
Palmatine (PM) is a potent anti-infective agent used to treat eye diseases. However, PM is less effective for ocular application due to short residence time within the eyes. This study aimed to develop a cationic lipid emulsions (CLEs) for ophthalmic delivery of PM and evaluate its suitability in infection treatment. PM-loaded CLEs (PM-CLEs) were prepared through emulsifying/high pressure homogenization and characterized by particle size, ζ potential and morphology. The resulting PM-CLEs possessed a particle size of 192 nm and ζ potential of 45 mV around...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Microencapsulation
Yaser Kashcooli, Keunhan Park, Arijit Bose, Michael Lewis Greenfield, Geoffrey D Bothun
Layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolytes (PEs) onto self-assembled liposomes represents an alternative to PE deposition on solid particles for the formation of hollow nanoscale capsules. This work examines how competition between PE-liposome and inter-PE interactions drives the structure and colloidal stability of layersomes. Unlike solid particles, liposomes respond to adsorbed material through lipid reorganization and changes in size and shape. This responsive nature could yield new types of layered PE structures...
October 10, 2016: Biomacromolecules
C Satriano, G Lupo, C Motta, C D Anfuso, P Di Pietro, B Kasemo
Hybrid nanoassemblies of ferritin and silica-supported lipid bilayers (ferritin-SLBs) have been prepared and tested for the adhesion, spreading and proliferation of retinal microvascular endothelial cells (ECs). Lipid membranes with varying surface charge were obtained by mixing cationic 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-ethylphosphocholine (POEPC) with zwitterionic 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) at increasing POPC/POEPC ratios. The supported bilayer formation and their subsequent interaction processes with ferritin were studied at the pH of 7...
October 4, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Joshua J Cardiel, Daisuke Takagi, Hsieh-Fu Tsai, Amy Q Shen
Understanding the formation and instability behavior of membranes is of fundamental interest and practical relevance to various biotechnological applications and self-assembly systems. Surfactant micellar membranes serve as a simple model system when surfactant molecules self-assemble into micellar structures under flow, but observing such process in real time is a major challenge due to limitations in spatiotemporal resolutions. We use a simple T-shaped microchannel to capture the formation and flow behavior of an ionic surfactant micro-micellar-membrane (μMM) when an aqueous stream of organic salt sodium salicylate (NaSal) meets a stream of cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)...
October 4, 2016: Soft Matter
Pin Chia Hsu, Damien Jefferies, Syma Khalid
Carbon fullerenes are emerging as promising components of devices for various biomedical applications, from the transportation of nanosized drugs, to the extraction of harmful oxidants and radicals. It has been proposed that fullerenes could also be used as antibacterial agents, given the realization that they can be used to kill pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. To explore this at the molecular level, we have performed a series of coarse-grained (CG) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with the Martini force field, to study how pristine C60 fullerenes interact with bacterial membranes...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Debby P Chang, Aleksandra P Dabkowska, Richard A Campbell, Maria Wadsäter, Justas Barauskas, Fredrik Tiberg, Tommy Nylander
Reversed lipid liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LCNPs) of the cubic micellar (I2) phase have high potential in drug delivery applications due to their ability to encapsulate both hydrophobic and hydrophilic drug molecules. Their interactions with various interfaces, and the consequences for the particle structure and integrity, are essential considerations in their effectiveness as drug delivery vehicles. Here, we have studied LCNPs formed of equal fractions of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and glycerol dioleate in the presence of different fractions of the stabilizer Polysorbate 80...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sai J Ganesan, Hongcheng Xu, Silvina Matysiak
Correction for 'Effect of lipid head group interactions on membrane properties and membrane-induced cationic β-hairpin folding' by Sai J. Ganesan et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 17836-17850.
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Monika Rak, Anna Ochałek, Ewa Bielecka, Joanna Latasiewicz, Katarzyna Gawarecka, Jolanta Sroka, Jarosław Czyż, Katarzyna Piwowarczyk, Marek Masnyk, Marek Chmielewski, Tadeusz Chojnacki, Ewa Swiezewska, Zbigniew Madeja
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges limiting development of gene therapy is absence of efficient and safe gene carriers. Among the non-viral gene delivery methods, lipofection is considered as one of the most promising. In this study a set of cationic polyprenyl derivatives (trimethylpolyprenylammonium iodides - PTAI) with different lengths of polyprenyl chains (from 7, 8 and 11 to 15 isoprene units) was suggested as a component of efficient DNA vehicles. METHODS: Optimization studies were conducted for PTAI in combination with co-lipid DOPE (dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine) on DU145 human prostate cancer cells using: size and zeta potential measurements, confocal microscopy, fluorescein diacetate/ethidium bromide test, cell counting, time-lapse monitoring of cell movement, gap junctional intracellular coupling analysis, antimicrobial activity assay, red blood cell hemolysis test...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Gene Medicine
Z Kahveci, R Vázquez-Guilló, A Mira, L Martinez, A Falcó, R Mallavia, C R Mateo
The development of new tools for the detection and fluorescence imaging of bacteria is of great interest in clinical diagnosis and food and environmental safety. In this work, we have explored the ability of two cationic fluorene-based conjugated polyelectrolytes, HTMA-PFP and HTMA-PFNT, emitting in the blue and red spectral regions respectively, to selectively label bacterial over mammalian cells. With this end in view, vesicles with lipid compositions mimicking those of bacterial or mammalian membranes were used as model membranes to explore the interaction of the polyelectrolytes with both systems in samples containing either a single type of vesicle or a mixture of both...
September 26, 2016: Analyst
Gokul Swaminathan, Elizabeth A Thoryk, Kara S Cox, Jeffrey S Smith, Jayanthi J Wolf, Marian E Gindy, Danilo R Casimiro, Andrew J Bett
Dengue virus has emerged as an important arboviral infection worldwide. As a complex pathogen, with four distinct serotypes, the development of a successful Dengue virus vaccine has proven to be challenging. Here, we describe a novel Dengue vaccine candidate that contains truncated, recombinant, Dengue virus envelope protein from all four Dengue virus serotypes (DEN-80E) formulated with ionizable cationic lipid nanoparticles (LNPs). Immunization studies in mice, Guinea pigs, and in Rhesus macaques, revealed that LNPs induced high titers of Dengue virus neutralizing antibodies, with or without co-administration or encapsulation of a Toll-Like Receptor 9 agonist...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Karl Sydow, Heike Nikolenko, Dorothea Lorenz, Rainer H Müller, Margitta Dathe
Lipopeptide-based micelles and liposomes were found to differ in cell recognition and uptake mode into blood brain barrier (BBB) endothelial cells. Here we analyze the role of size and surface charge of micelles and liposomes composed of different lipopeptide sequences with respect to uptake into human brain capillary (HBMEC) and aortic (HAoEC) endothelial cells. Comparable to the dipalmitoylated apolipoprotein E-derived P2A2, lipopeptides of cationic poly-arginine (P2Rn), poly-lysine (P2Kn) and an anionic glutamic-acid sequence (P2En) self assemble into micelles (12-14 nm in diameter) with high surface charge density, and bind to small (SUVs, about 24 nm in diameter) and large (LUV, about 100 nm in diameter) liposomes at variable lipid to peptide ratios...
October 1, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Hanting Yang, Miaohui Hu, Jianli Guo, Xiaomin Ou, Tanxi Cai, Zhenfeng Liu
Intracellular Ca(2+) signalling processes are fundamental to muscle contraction, neurotransmitter release, cell growth and apoptosis. Release of Ca(2+) from the intracellular stores is supported by a series of ion channels in sarcoplasmic or endoplasmic reticulum (SR/ER). Among them, two isoforms of the trimeric intracellular cation (TRIC) channel family, named TRIC-A and TRIC-B, modulate the release of Ca(2+) through the ryanodine receptor or inositol triphosphate receptor, and maintain the homeostasis of ions within SR/ER lumen...
October 3, 2016: Nature
Jinfeng Teng, Stephen H Loukin, Andriy Anishkin, Ching Kung
We have some generalized physical understanding of how ion channels interact with surrounding lipids but few detailed descriptions on how interactions of particular amino acids with contacting lipids may regulate gating. Here we discovered a structure-specific interaction between an amino acid and inner-leaflet lipid that governs the gating transformations of TRPV4 (transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4). Many cation channels use a S4-S5 linker to transmit stimuli to the gate. At the start of TRPV4's linker helix is leucine 596...
October 3, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
David Pulido, Maria Flor Garcia-Mayoral, Mohammed Moussaoui, Diego Velázquez, Marc Torrent, Marta Bruix, Ester Boix
Acute infection by Gram-negative pathogens can induce an exacerbated immune response that leads to lethal septic shock syndrome. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) molecule that can initiate massive and lethal immune system stimulation. Therefore, the development of new and effective LPS-neutralizing agents is a top priority. The eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is an antimicrobial protein secreted in response to infection, with a remarkable affinity for LPS...
October 3, 2016: FEBS Journal
Peng Cui, Hongbo Liu, Faisal Islam, Lan Li, Muhammad A Farooq, Songlin Ruan, Weijun Zhou
Peroxisomes are single membrane-bound organelles, whose basic enzymatic constituents are catalase and H2O2-producing flavin oxidases. Previous reports showed that peroxisome is involved in numerous processes including primary and secondary metabolism, plant development and abiotic stress responses. However, knowledge on the function of different peroxisome genes from rice and its regulatory roles in salt and other abiotic stresses is limited. Here, a novel prey protein, OsPEX11 (Os03g0302000), was screened and identified by yeast two-hybrid and GST pull-down assays...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Koji Murakami, Kisho Hori, Kohji Maeda, Mao Fukuyama, Yumi Yoshida
The distribution of ions into a bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) and their adsorption on the BLM are investigated by extracting a hydrophobic cation, rhodamine 6G (R6G(+)), into a liposome through the dialysis membrane method. R6G(+) distribution mainly depends upon the concentration of the coexisting anion and its species (Cl(-), Br(-), BF4(-), ClO4(-), and picrate). On the other hand, R6G(+) adsorption on the BLM surface follows the Langmuir adsorption model and is independent of the coexisting anion in the aqueous phase...
October 10, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Patricia Losada-Pérez, Mehran Khorshid, Frank Uwe Renner
Despite the environmentally friendly reputation of ionic liquids (ILs), their safety has been recently questioned given their potential as cytotoxic agents. The fundamental mechanisms underlying the interactions between ILs and cells are less studied and by far not completely understood. Biomimetic films are here important biophysical model systems to elucidate fundamental aspects and mechanisms relevant for a large range of biological interaction ranging from signaling to drug reception or toxicity. Here we use dissipative quartz crystal microbalance QCM-D to examine the effect of aqueous imidazolium-based ionic liquid mixtures on solid-supported biomimetic membranes...
2016: PloS One
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