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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040499/sharing-health-information-online-in-south-korea-motives-topics-and-antecedents
#1
S Y Kye, M Shim, Y C Kim, K Park
This study aimed to examine the motives, topics and antecedents for sharing health information online among Korean Internet users. Eight hundred adults completed a web-based survey exploring the motives; topics; physical, cognitive, affective and environmental factors; and experiences relating to sharing health information online. The motives for not sharing information included information absence and inappropriateness. The most preferred topic was disease. Good subjective health was significantly associated with frequent information sharing while individuals with a history of disease involving themselves or family members were more likely to share health information than were those without such a history...
October 11, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040155/the-complexities-of-fibromyalgia-and-its-comorbidities
#2
Adi Lichtenstein, Shmuel Tiosano, Howard Amital
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is defined as chronic, widespread musculoskeletal pain and tenderness with concomitant mood and cognitive dysfunction. Several comorbidities have been reported to be associated with FMS. We reviewed the literature concerning the most noteworthy chronic conditions associated with FMS. RECENT FINDINGS: There is mounting evidence displaying the concurrence of fibromyalgia and coexisting medical and psychiatric conditions...
October 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036835/therapeutic-role-of-long-non-coding-rna-tcons_00019174-in-depressive-disorders-is-dependent-on-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#3
Xinqiang Ni, Yingzhao Liao, Limin Li, Xiaoli Zhang, Zhengzhi Wu
Chronic stress is one of the major causes that lead to major depressive disorder (MDD), which is a prevalent mood disorder worldwide. Lots of MDD patients could not benefit from available medication due to the complex etiology of MDD. Recently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), molecular switches of downstream genes expression, have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of MDD. LncRNA TCONS_00019174 has been implicated in MDD risk and antidepressant effects, However, the effect of lncRNA TCONS_00019174 on antidepressant responses has not been investigated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035800/exploring-mechanisms-of-change-in-schema-therapy-for-chronic-depression
#4
Fritz Renner, Robert DeRubeis, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk Peeters, Jill Lobbestael, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The underlying mechanisms of symptom change in schema therapy (ST) for chronic major depressive disorder (cMDD) have not been studied. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of two potentially important mechanisms of symptom change, maladaptive schemas (proxied by negative idiosyncratic core-beliefs) and the therapeutic alliance. METHODS: We drew data from a single-case series of ST for cMDD. Patients with cMDD (N = 20) received on average 78 repeated weekly assessments over a course of up to 65 individual sessions of ST...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035730/features-of-mood-associated-with-high-body-weight-in-females-with-fibromyalgia
#5
Alessandra Alciati, Fabiola Atzeni, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Jules Angst, Giampaolo Perna
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common syndrome whose main characteristic is chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, the severity of which is frequently worsened by concomitant obesity. Major depression (MD), particularly as part of a bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD), is associated with both obesity and FM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between lifetime MD, hypomanic symptoms and the body mass index (BMI) in patients with FM. METHOD: Of the 115 patients originally screened, 87 women with FM finally entered the study...
September 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035706/serious-suicide-attempts-in-outpatients-with-multiple-substance-use-disorders
#6
R Icick, E Karsinti, J-P Lépine, V Bloch, G Brousse, F Bellivier, F Vorspan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health concern and suicide attempts (SA) are frequent and burdensome in people suffering from substance use disorders (SUDs). In particular, serious SAs are a preoccupying form of attempt, which remain largely overlooked in these populations, especially regarding basic risk factors such as gender, addictive comorbidity and substance use patterns. Thus, we undertook a gender-specific approach to identify the risk factors for serious SAs in outpatients with multiple SUDs...
September 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035703/a-randomized-clinical-trial-examining-the-effects-of-an-anxiety-sensitivity-intervention-on-insomnia-symptoms-replication-and-extension
#7
Nicole A Short, Joseph W Boffa, Savannah King, Brian J Albanese, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Insomnia disorder is impairing and prevalent, particularly among individuals with comorbid anxiety disorders. Despite the availability of effective computerized treatments for insomnia, there are few that target both insomnia as well as co-occurring anxiety symptoms. The current study tests the efficacy of a computerized treatment for anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns, a transdiagnostic risk factor for anxiety, mood, and insomnia symptoms, against a repeated contact control, on reducing insomnia symptoms...
October 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035597/influence-of-2-weeks-ingestion-of-high-chlorogenic-acid-coffee-on-mood-state-performance-and-post-exercise-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
David C Nieman, Courtney L Goodman, Christopher R Capps, Zack L Shue, Robert Arnot
This study measured the influence of 2-weeks ingestion of high chlorogenic acid (CQA) coffee on post-exercise inflammation and oxidative stress, with secondary outcomes including performance and mood state. Cyclists (N=15) were randomized to CQA coffee or placebo (300 ml/day) for 2 weeks, participated in a 50-km cycling time trial, and then crossed over to the opposite condition with a 2-week washout period. Blood samples were collected pre- and post-supplementation, and immediately post-exercise. CQA coffee was prepared using the Turkish method with 30 g lightly roasted, highly ground Hambela coffee beans in 300 ml boiling water, and provided 1,066 mg CQA and 474 mg caffeine versus 187 mg CQA and 33 mg caffeine for placebo...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035144/risk-factors-for-multiple-suicide-attempts-among-roma-in-hungary
#9
Mónika Ditta Tóth, Szilvia Ádám, Tamás Zonda, Emma Birkás, György Purebl
In recent years, suicide rates in Hungary have been among the highest in the European Union. Attempted suicide rates in the Roma population are 2-3 times higher than in the non-Roma population. Since individuals making multiple attempts have a higher pro-bability of eventual death by suicide, and there are limited data on suicidal behaviour of the Roma population, the aim of this study was to explore the sociodemographic and psychological background factors of multiple suicide attempts in the Hungarian Roma population...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035088/the-last-25-years-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-epidemiology-and-the-next-25
#10
Paul E Peppard, Erika W Hagen
Considerable new knowledge regarding the epidemiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults arose from large-scale population-based epidemiologic investigations that initiated in the late 1980s to 1990s; these investigations have continued to produce relevant findings in recent years. In this Perspective, we briefly comment on the past 25 years of adult population-based OSA epidemiology and discuss selected ways in which the field can further progress over the coming decades. Population-based studies have shown that OSA is common in both men and women, and that prevalence is increasing...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034535/psychological-effects-of-helicobacter-pylori-associated-atrophic-gastritis-in-patients-under-50%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Atsushi Takeoka, Jun Tayama, Masakazu Kobayashi, Ikuko Sagara, Sayaka Ogawa, Tatsuo Saigo, Masaki Hayashida, Hironori Yamasaki, Shin Fukudo, Susumu Shirabe
BACKGROUND: While gastrointestinal function is known to be closely related to psychological status, the influence of Helicobacter pylori-associated atrophic gastritis is currently unknown. We aimed to determine whether atrophic gastritis status or H. pylori infection is associated with psychological distress or depressed mood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional, observational study involving 975 Japanese individuals (503 females; mean age, 44 ± 8 years) who underwent a health checkup...
October 16, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034101/lamotrigine-induced-sexual-dysfunction-and-non-adherence-case-analysis-with-literature-review
#12
Kenneth R Kaufman, Melissa Coluccio, Kartik Sivaraaman, Miriam Campeas
BACKGROUND: Optimal anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment maximises therapeutic response and minimises adverse effects (AEs). Key to therapeutic AED treatment is adherence. Non-adherence is often related to severity of AEs. Frequently, patients do not spontaneously report, and clinicians do not specifically query, critical AEs that lead to non-adherence, including sexual dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction prevalence in patients with epilepsy ranges from 40 to 70%, often related to AEDs, epilepsy or mood states...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033974/cognitive-deficits-in-chronic-stroke-patients-neuropsychological-assessment-depression-and-self-reports
#13
Arne E Nakling, Dag Aarsland, Halvor Næss, Daniel Wollschlaeger, Tormod Fladby, Håkon Hofstad, Eike Wehling
BACKGROUND: Following stroke, clinicians are challenged to detect and untangle symptoms of cognitive dysfunction and mood disorders. Additionally, they need to evaluate the informative value of self-reports to identify patients in need of further attendance. AIMS: To examine the association between neuropsychological measures, symptoms of depression, and self-reported cognitive function. METHODS: One-hundred and five chronic stroke patients underwent assessment covering 6 cognitive domains and answered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Memory and Thinking Scale from the Stroke Impact Scale 1 year after stroke...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033856/possible-facilitative-effects-of-repeated-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-functional-outcome-1-month-later-in-schizophrenia-an-open-trial
#14
Zui Narita, Takuma Inagawa, Kazuki Sueyoshi, Crystal Lin, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
Recent research on neuromodulation techniques, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), for the treatment of schizophrenia has mainly focused on psychotic symptoms. We aimed to determine whether repetitive tDCS is efficacious in improving determinants of outcome, such as cognitive function, daily living skills, and depressive mood in patients with schizophrenia. Twenty-eight patients underwent tDCS (2 mA × 20 min) two times per day for 5 consecutive days. The anodal electrode was placed over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex while the cathodal electrode was placed over the right supraorbital region...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033851/effects-of-alpha-lactalbumin-or-whey-protein-isolate-on-muscle-damage-muscle-pain-and-mood-states-following-prolonged-strenuous-endurance-exercise
#15
Lu Qin, Stephen H S Wong, Feng-Hua Sun, Yu Huang, Sinead Sheridan, Cindy H P Sit
This study compared the effect of alpha-lactalbumin and whey protein on muscle damage, muscle pain, and mood states during short term recovery following strenuous prolonged exercise. In a two-stage crossover counterbalanced design, 12 endurance male runners were recruited (age: 30.4 ± 2.8 year, height: 172.7 ± 5.6 cm, body mass: 66.7 ± 6.5 kg, VO2max: 58.0 ± 6.9 ml/kg(-)/min), ran for 90 min at 70% VO2max, and followed by a 4-h recovery. Two treatments (carbohydrate+alpha-lactalbumin, CA; carbohydrate+whey protein isolate, CW) were applied during the main trials...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033766/effect-of-oral-care-gel-for-burning-mouth-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-hepatitis-c-a-case-report
#16
Yumiko Nagao, Yuji Kawahigashi, Kanae Kimura, Michio Sata
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a burning sensation in the mouth with no underlying dental or medical cause. To date, there is no satisfactory treatment for BMS. Herein, we present the case of a 42-year-old female presenting with hepatitis C virus infection along with BMS. Despite two interferon therapies and a sustained virologic response, the discomfort in her oral mucosa persisted. At the age of 51, the patient complained of burning sensation and tingling pain in the tongue; a thin layer of REFRECARE-H®, an oral care gel (therapeutic dentifrice), was applied on the oral membrane after each meal for 60 days...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033643/dandy-walker-malformation-presenting-with-affective-symptoms
#17
Mert Batmaz, Zeynep Ezgi Balçik, Ürün Özer, Burcu Hamurişçi Yalçin, Şakir Özen
Dandy-Walker malformation is defined by enlarged posterior fossa, cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle, and cerebellar hypoplasia. Although developmental delay and mental retardation are common in Dandy-Walker malformation cases, other comorbid psychiatric conditions have been rarely reported. There are limited numbers of case reports about comorbidity of bipolar disorder with Dandy-Walker malformation in the literature. Herein, a Dandy-Walker malformation case presenting affective symptoms is reported, and psychiatric symptoms which might be seen in this rare malformation are discussed along with diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up processes...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033637/cognitive-functioning-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients-on-monotherapy-with-novel-antipsychotics-or-mood-stabilizers
#18
Vesile Şentürk Cankorur, Hilal Demirel, Cem Atbaşoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is associated with cognitive dysfunction in several domains. Medication effect is a potential confounder that can only be statistically controlled in many studies. The cognitive profile in bipolar disorder during remission on maintenance antipsychotics or mood stabilizers medication has not been compared before. METHODS: We compared the cognitive profile of bipolar disorder patients euthymic for 2 month or more on monotherapy with novel antipsychotics (AP) (n=16), lithium carbonate (Li) (n=25) or valproic acid (VPA; n=26)...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033629/electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-mood-disorders-one-year-follow-up
#19
Sibel Çakir, Nuran Çağlar
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is known to be an effective option in the treatment of mood disorders, especially resistant depression. However, the remission achieved by ECT was reported to be not long lasting enough. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relapse/recurrence rates and associated risk factors during the first year after ECT in patients diagnosed with mood disorders. METHODS: In a naturalistic observation, patients diagnosed with unipolar depressive disorder or a depressive episode of bipolar disorder and who had achieved remission by ECT were followed up for at least one year...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033604/chronic-pain-and-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-translational-implications-from-preclinical-studies
#20
Mariagrazia Grilli
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (ahNG) occurs in the human brain. Adult generated neurons have been proposed to functionally contribute to relevant hippocampal functions such as learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. Learning, environmental enrichment, and physical exercise exert positive effects on ahNG. In parallel, these proneurogenic stimuli have been shown to ameliorate cognitive performance and/or depressive-like behavior in animal models. Conversely, aging, social isolation, and chronic stress exert negative effects on ahNG...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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