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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329867/effectiveness-of-a-virtual-reality-forest-on-people-with-dementia-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#1
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Toni Dwan, Tanya Petrovich
Purpose of the Study: To measure and describe the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality Forest (VRF) on engagement, apathy, and mood states of people with dementia, and explore the experiences of staff, people with dementia and their families. Design and Methods: A mixed-methods study conducted between February and May 2016. Ten residents with dementia, 10 family members, and 9 care staff were recruited from 2 residential aged care facilities, operated by one care provider, located in Victoria, Australia...
March 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329854/widowhood-and-depression-in-a-cross-national-perspective-evidence-from-the-united-states-europe-korea-and-china
#2
Apoorva Jadhav, David Weir
Objectives: We explore marital and depression trajectories over time for men and women, and distinguish between mood and somatic depression across contexts. Method: We use longitudinal data from 2002 to 2013 from the United States, England, Europe, Korea, and China to explore depression among individuals married at baseline and follow their trajectories into widowhood with married as the reference group. We use random effects models to estimate these trajectories using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) or EURO-D scales for men and women...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329816/subjective-cognitive-decline-correlates-with-depression-symptoms-and-not-with-concurrent-objective-cognition-in-a-clinic-based-sample-of-older-adults
#3
Zvinka Z Zlatar, Martha Muniz, Douglas Galasko, David P Salmon
Objectives: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is common in older adults; however, its utility in clinic-based samples remains controversial given its strong associations with mood symptoms. Methods: Five hundred nineteen individuals aged 60-95 with a wide range of cognitive performance scores were referred by community health clinics for brief screening of cognitive complaints. Linear regression models examined the cross-sectional associations between SCD (5-item self-reported questions), symptoms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]), and concurrent objective cognitive performance (Cognitive Composite) adjusting for demographics...
January 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329340/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-aspree-aspirin-in-reducing-events-in-the-elderly-study
#4
John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Elsdon Storey, Raj C Shah, Rory S Wolfe, Andrew M Tonkin, Anne B Newman, Jeff D Williamson, Jessica E Lockery, Karen L Margolis, Michael E Ernst, Walter P Abhayaratna, Nigel Stocks, Sharyn M Fitzgerald, Ruth E Trevaks, Suzanne G Orchard, Lawrence J Beilin, Geoffrey A Donnan, Peter Gibbs, Colin I Johnston, Richard H Grimm
Background: There are no primary prevention trials of aspirin with relevant geriatric outcomes in elderly people. ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) is a placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin that will determine whether 5 years of daily 100-mg enteric-coated aspirin extends disability-free and dementia-free life in a healthy elderly population and whether these benefits outweigh the risks. Methods: Set in primary care, this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial has a composite primary endpoint of death, incident dementia or persistent physical disability...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329305/association-between-spousal-suicide-and-mental-physical-and-social-health-outcomes-a-longitudinal-and-nationwide-register-based-study
#5
Annette Erlangsen, Bo Runeson, James M Bolton, Holly C Wilcox, Julie L Forman, Jesper Krogh, M Katherine Shear, Merete Nordentoft, Yeates Conwell
Importance: Bereavement after spousal suicide has been linked to mental disorders; however, a comprehensive assessment of the effect of spousal suicide is needed. Objective: To determine whether bereavement after spousal suicide was linked to an excessive risk of mental, physical, and social health outcomes when compared with the general population and spouses bereaved by other manners. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based cohort study conducted in Denmark of 6...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328830/effects-of-cannabis-use-and-subclinical-depression-on-the-p3-event-related-potential-in-an-emotion-processing-task
#6
Lucy J Troup, Robert D Torrence, Jeremy A Andrzejewski, Jacob T Braunwalder
The effects of residual cannabis use on emotional expression recognition and the P3 event-related potential in participants who scored highly for subclinical depression were investigated. Comparisons were made between participants who were classified as depressed or nondepressed cannabis users, depressed non-cannabis users and controls who neither used cannabis nor were characterized as being depressed. In an emotional expression recognition task, participants were asked to respond to faces depicting happy, angry, fearful, and neutral faces either implicitly, explicitly, or empathically...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328717/perceived-sleep-quality-mood-states-and-their-relationship-with-performance-among-brazilian-elite-athletes-during-a-competitive-period
#7
Ricardo Brandt, Guilherme G Bevilacqua, Alexandro Andrade
Brandt, R, Bevilacqua, GG, and Andrade, A. Perceived sleep quality, mood states, and their relationship with performance among Brazilian elite athletes during a competitive period. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 1033-1039, 2017-We described the perceived sleep quality and mood states of elite athletes during a competitive period, and clarified their relationship to athletes' sport performance. Participants were 576 Brazilian elite athletes (404 men and 172 women) of individual and team sports. Mood states were evaluated using the Brunel Mood Scale, whereas perceived sleep quality was evaluated using a single question ("How would you evaluate the quality of your sleep in the last few days?")...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328578/sustained-improvements-in-pain-mood-function-and-opioid-use-post-interdisciplinary-pain-rehabilitation-in-patients-weaned-from-high-and-low-dose-chronic-opioid-therapy
#8
Kelly L Huffman, Taylor E Rush, Youran Fan, Giries W Sweis, Brinder Vij, Edward C Covington, Judith Scheman, Manu Mathews
Increased prescribing of opioids for chronic non cancer pain is associated with significant social costs, including overdose and addiction. In this context, there is interest in interdisciplinary chronic pain rehabilitation programs (ICPRP) focusing on self-management and minimizing opioid use. This study examined outcomes of patients weaned from opioids in an ICPRP from 2007-2012. Participants included 413 patients on high dose (HD) chronic opioid therapy (COT; >100mg), 528 on low dose (LD) COT and 516 not on opioids (NO)...
March 21, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328573/activity-rhythms-and-clinical-correlates-in-fibromyalgia
#9
Ariel B Neikrug, Gary Donaldson, Eli Iacob, Sam L Williams, Christopher A Hamilton, Akiko Okifuji
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate activity rhythms in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and their association with FMS-related symptoms. We hypothesized that stronger and more consistent activity rhythms would be associated with reduced symptom severity and presentation in FMS. 292 patients with FMS (Mean age = 45.1±11.1; 272 females) provided a 7-day actigraphy recording and responses to questionnaires addressing degree of pain, fatigue, mood, and physical impairment. Using a simple cosine model, we extracted Amplitude (activity range), Phi (time at maximum), Mesor (mean activity), and their variabilities (across days) from each participant's actigraphy...
March 21, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328110/comorbidity-of-internet-gaming-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-focus-on-clinical-characteristics-and-gaming-patterns
#10
Euihyeon Na, Hyeseon Lee, Inyoung Choi, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although Internet gaming disorder (IGD), which has been considered as a behavioral addiction in DSM-5, shares core features with alcohol use disorder (AUD), there has been minimal research on the clinical implications of the comorbidity between IGD and AUD. The purpose of this study is to investigate clinical psychopathologies and Internet game usage patterns of IGD, AUD, and their comorbid status. METHODS: Participants (n = 1819) completed a cross-sectional web-based survey...
March 22, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328011/when-emotional-pain-becomes-physical-adverse-childhood-experiences-pain-and-the-role-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Jennifer R Piazza, Kristopher J Preacher
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and painful medical conditions. We also examined the mediating and moderating roles of mood and anxiety disorders in the ACEs-painful medical conditions relationship. METHOD: Ten-year longitudinal data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS-1, NCS-2; N = 5001). The NCS-1 obtained reports of ACEs, current health conditions, current pain severity, and mood and anxiety disorders...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327448/prenatal-tobacco-exposure-birthweight-and-offspring-psychopathology
#12
Ardesheer Talati, Priya J Wickramaratne, Rikke Wesselhoeft, Myrna M Weissman
Although prenatal tobacco exposure (PTE) is associated with several adverse offspring mental health outcomes, mechanisms remain unclear. We test whether associations between PTE and offspring psychopathology are explained by birthweight, one of the earliest-occurring outcomes of PTE. The analysis focuses on 238 offspring from a family study of depression with (1) collected prenatal histories and (2) at least one clinical interview in adulthood to assess psychiatric problems. Exposure was categorized by maternal smoking of ≥10 cigarettes daily/nearly daily; diagnostic outcomes were confirmed by clinicians using the best-estimate procedure, blind to exposure...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327083/the-effect-of-an-interactive-cycling-training-on-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-with-mild-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
E G A Karssemeijer, W J R Bossers, J A Aaronson, R P C Kessels, M G M Olde Rikkert
BACKGROUND: To date there is no cure or an effective disease-modifying drug to treat dementia. Available acetylcholine-esterase inhibiting drugs or memantine only produce small benefits on cognitive and behavioural functioning and their clinical relevance remains controversial. Combined cognitive-aerobic interventions are an appealing alternative or add-on to current pharmacological treatments. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a combined cognitive-aerobic training and a single aerobic training compared to an active control group in older adults with mild dementia...
March 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326880/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-suicidal-ideation-in-psoriasis-melanoma-and-allergic-disorders
#14
Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Alberto Forte, Denise Erbuto, Dorian A Lamis, Alessandra Narcisi, Claudia Rea, Diego Orsini, Andrea D'Arino, Annalisa Arcese, Samantha Bellini, Sara Trovarelli, Gianluca Serafini, Mario Amore, Antonio Costanzo, Paolo Girardi
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric disorders and suicide risk (especially in psoriasis) are frequent and disabling conditions in patients with skin diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the risk of suicide and stressful life events in a sample of patients with skin disease. METHODS: A sample of 242 dermatological patients (142 women and 100 men), 112 of which had psoriasis, 77 had melanoma, and 53 were suffering with chronic allergic diseases. Patients were administered the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), and the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS)...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326745/evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-brief-internalized-stigma-of-mental-illness-scale-ismi-10
#15
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: A significant number of psychiatric patients stigmatize themselves because of their mental struggles. Such self-stigmatization has an adverse impact on patients' well-being and effectiveness of the treatment of mental disorders. The goal of this study was to standardize the brief Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMI-10), which could be used in studies targeting the self-stigma among the psychiatric patients. METHOD: 354 psychiatric patients participated in the study between the years 2012 and 2014...
December 22, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326741/the-impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-adulthood
#16
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The childhood adversities model is generally accepted as a predictor of adult psychopathology vulnerability. It stems from child development theories, but the question remains as of how well solid research supports it. The aim of this article is to give a review of the studies concerning childhood adversities and their impact on the development of anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder in adulthood. METHOD: A computerized search of the MEDLINE database of publications up to 31 March 2016 was done, using the keywords "childhood adversities, abuse, maltreatment, bullying" and "anxiety disorders, depressive disorder"...
December 22, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326218/course-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-during-flares-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle
#17
Gareth Garrett, Nicola Ambrose, Zaib Davids, Dorothea Bindman
We present the case of a seventeen-year-old girl who presents with an interesting course of neuropsychiatric symptoms during several flares of SLE. The patient was diagnosed at the age of thirteen and has had four flares in total. The latter two flares included cutaneous and neuropsychiatric symptoms. The most recent flare occurred when she was aged seventeen. She had cutaneous symptoms which coincided with an episode of hypomania. Her mental state further deteriorated following steroid treatment. She exhibited affective and psychotic symptoms...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326121/relationship-between-school-violence-and-depressive-symptoms-among-multicultural-families-offspring-in-south-korea
#18
Cheol-Soon Lee, Dongyun Lee, Ji-Young Seo, In-Young Ahn, Soo-Young Bhang
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of school violence on depressive symptoms among the offspring of multicultural families in South Korea. Data from the National Survey of Multicultural Families 2012, conducted by the Korean Women's Development Institute and Statistics Korea, were used in this study. Complex samples logistic regression was performed to determine the effect of school violence on depressive mood. The survey participants were 3999 students between the ages of 9 and 24. Of the participants, 22...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326110/relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-suicidality-and-bipolarity-a-retrospective-study
#19
Young-Min Park
OBJECTIVE: The aims of current study were to determine whether childhood maltreatment contributes to the occurrence of major depressive disorder (MDD) with bipolarity or suicidality. METHODS: In total, 132 outpatients diagnosed with MDD between 2014 and 2015 on the medical records were included. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the presence of childhood maltreatment (CM group) and no childhood maltreatment (NCM group). Depression severity and bipolarity were identified using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Korean version of Mood Disorder Questionnaire (K-MDQ) respectively on the medical records...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325815/neuropathic-pain-promotes-adaptive-changes-in-gene-expression-in-brain-networks-involved-in-stress-and-depression
#20
Giannina Descalzi, Vasiliki Mitsi, Immanuel Purushothaman, Sevasti Gaspari, Kleopatra Avrampou, Yong-Hwee Eddie Loh, Li Shen, Venetia Zachariou
Neuropathic pain is a complex chronic condition characterized by various sensory, cognitive, and affective symptoms. A large percentage of patients with neuropathic pain are also afflicted with depression and anxiety disorders, a pattern that is also seen in animal models. Furthermore, clinical and preclinical studies indicate that chronic pain corresponds with adaptations in several brain networks involved in mood, motivation, and reward. Chronic stress is also a major risk factor for depression. We investigated whether chronic pain and stress affect similar molecular mechanisms and whether chronic pain can affect gene expression patterns that are involved in depression...
March 21, 2017: Science Signaling
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