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Continuous glucose monitoring

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453875/persistent-depression-symptoms-in-type-2-diabetes-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-5-year-depression-trajectories-using-latent-class-growth-analysis
#1
S R Whitworth, D G Bruce, S E Starkstein, W A Davis, T M E Davis, T C Skinner, R S Bucks
AIMS: To describe the long-term trajectories of depression symptom severity in people with Type 2 diabetes, and to identify predictors and associates of these trajectories. METHODS: A community-dwelling cohort of 1201 individuals with Type 2 diabetes from the Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II was followed for 5 years. The nine-item version of the Patient Health Questionnaire was administered annually to assess depression symptoms, and biomedical and psychosocial measures were assessed at baseline and biennially...
April 28, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453275/dielectric-response-of-cytoplasmic-water-and-its-connection-to-the-vitality-of-human-red-blood-cells-ii-the-influence-of-storage
#2
Evgeniya Levy, Marcelo David, Gregory Barshtein, Saul Yedgar, Leonid Livshits, Paul Ben Ishai, Yuri Feldman
Maintaining an appropriate inventory of packaged blood products is a critical part of modern medicine. Consequently, the assessment of red blood cell (RBC) functionality is instrumental for the monitoring of the quality of stored RBC (sRBC) in the blood bank. We present a comprehensive study of sRBC lesion kinetics in SAGM (Saline, Adenine, Glucose, Mannitol) solution, using microwave dielectric spectroscopy (0.5 GHz - 50 GHz) and cell deformability. As part of the research we have isolated the microwave dielectric response of cytoplasmic water in sRBC...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437786/the-effect-of-retraining-on-treatment-success-life-quality-and-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-insulin-pump
#3
Basak Ozgen Saydam, Fatma Yilmazmis, Nalan Aydin, Belgin Bektas, Simge Yilmaz, Umit Cavdar, Secil Ozisik, Baris Akinci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of insulin pump user retraining on treatment success, quality of life, and metabolic parameters of patients with type 1 diabetes using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 35 subjects participated in this prospective study. All patients were given insulin pump user retraining. Their knowledge level and application skills, metabolic parameters, life qualities and satisfaction from treatment were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437381/mean-levels-and-variability-in-affect-diabetes-self-care-behaviors-and-continuously-monitored-glucose-a-daily-study-of-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Julie Wagner, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen, Angela Bermudez-Millan, Howard Wolpert, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated between-person and within-person associations among mean levels and variability in affect, diabetes self-care behaviors, and continuously monitored glucose in Latinos with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Fifty participants (mean age=57.8 [SD=11.7] years, 74% women, mean A1c=8.3% [SD=1.5%]) wore a 'blinded' continuous glucose monitor for 7 days, and they responded to twice-daily automated phone surveys regarding positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA) and self-care behaviors...
April 21, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437058/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-antipsychotic-drugs
#5
Sarah D Holder, Alaina L Edmunds, Sherri Morgan
Antipsychotic drugs block dopamine receptors and are used to manage psychosis as well as other mental illnesses that may or may not have psychotic features, such as bipolar disorders and major depressive disorder. First-generation antipsychotic drugs are more likely to cause adverse effects such as extrapyramidal symptoms and tardive dyskinesia. Adverse effects of second-generation antipsychotic drugs typically are related to metabolic abnormalities such as weight gain, abnormal blood glucose levels, and elevated lipid levels...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429906/eating-glutinous-brown-rice-for-one-day-improves-glycemic-control-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-assessed-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#6
Yuko Terashima, Yoshio Nagai, Hiroyuki Kato, Akio Ohta, Yasushi Tanaka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether intake of non-glutinous brown rice (BR) or glutinous brown rice (GBR) for 1 day had an influence on the daily glucose profile measured by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) when compared with intake of non-glutinous white rice (WR). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 37 inpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were recruited for a 3-day randomized triple cross-over trial in which they ate WR, BR, or GBR for 1 day each...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429854/application-of-3c-insulin-pump-system-in-combination-with-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-treatment-of-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#7
Peng Dong, Jing Xu, Junhong Wang, Chunhong Zhang
We observed the curative effect of 3C insulin system in combination with non-invasive ventilation in a patient with type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). 3C insulin pump is a system of devices that closely monitors and effectively regulates blood glucose levels. Non-invasive ventilation has been shown to be an effective treatment for OSAS. A type 2 diabetic patient with concomitant OSAS was treated with a 3C insulin pump system for real-time continuous glucose monitoring and nocturnal non-invasive ventilation for OSAS...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429611/consensus-statement-on-inpatient-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#8
Amisha Wallia, Guillermo E Umpierrez, Robert J Rushakoff, David C Klonoff, Daniel J Rubin, Sherita Hill Golden, Curtiss B Cook, Bithika Thompson
In June 2016, Diabetes Technology Society convened a panel of US experts in inpatient diabetes management to discuss the current and potential role of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in the hospital. This discussion combined with a literature review was a follow-up to a meeting, which took place in May 2015. The panel reviewed evidence on use of CGM in 3 potential inpatient scenarios: (1) the intensive care unit (ICU), (2) non-ICU, and (3) transitioning outpatient CGM use into the hospital setting. Panel members agreed that data from limited studies and theoretical considerations suggested that use of CGM in the hospital had the potential to improve patient clinical outcomes, and in particular reduction of hypoglycemia...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428816/physical-health-policies-and-metabolic-screening-in-mental-health-care-systems-of-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, David Basangwa, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Addressing physical health needs should have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery in people with severe mental illness (SMI). We systematically investigated (1) physical health policies in the current mental health plans, and (2) the routine metabolic screening rates for people with SMI in SSA. METHODS: The Mental Health Atlas and MiNDbank of the World Health Organization were screened for physical health policies in mental health plans...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427440/hypoglycemia-identified-by-a-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system-in-a-second-trimester-pregnant-woman-with-insulinoma-a-case-report
#10
Marjeta Tomazic, Andrej Janez, Maja Ravnik Oblak
BACKGROUND: Insulinoma associated with pregnancy is a very rare condition and can be difficult to diagnose. Here, we present an interesting case of insulinoma occurring during pregnancy with special attention paid to the use of a continuous glucose monitoring system to detect hypoglycemia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old white woman in the second trimester of pregnancy presented with recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia associated with neuroglycopenic symptoms. The use of a continuous glucose monitoring system confirmed hypoglycemia...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426239/performance-of-an-artificial-pancreas-system-for-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Mark D DeBoer, Marc D Breton, Christian Wakeman, Elaine M Schertz, Emma G Emory, Jessica L Robic, Laura L Kollar, Boris P Kovatchev, Daniel R Cherñavvsky
BACKGROUND: Young children 5-8 years old with type 1 diabetes (T1D) exhibit clear needs for improved glycemic control but may be limited in their ability to safely interact with an artificial pancreas system. Our goal was to evaluate the safety and performance of an artificial pancreas (AP) system among young children with T1D. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized, crossover trial, children with T1D age 5-8 years were enrolled to receive on separate study periods (in random order) either the UVa AP using the DiAs Control Platform software with child-resistant lock-out screens (followed as an out-patient admission) or their usual insulin pump+continuous glucose monitor (CGM) care at home...
April 20, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425167/continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-special-needs-for-children
#12
REVIEW
Peter Adolfsson, Ralph Ziegler, Ragnar Hanas
Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) is a very common therapy for children with type 1 diabetes. Due to physiological differences they have other requirements for their insulin pump than adults. The main difference is the need for very low basal rates. Even though most available insulin pumps reach a high accuracy at usual basal rates, accuracy decreases for lower rates. In addition, the lowest delivered amount at 1 time is limiting the fine tuning of the basal rate as well as the option for temporary basal rates...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424755/rapid-low-cost-prototyping-of-transdermal-devices-for-personal-healthcare-monitoring
#13
Sanjiv Sharma, Anwer Saeed, Christopher Johnson, Nikolaj Gadegaard, Anthony Eg Cass
The next generation of devices for personal healthcare monitoring will comprise molecular sensors to monitor analytes of interest in the skin compartment. Transdermal devices based on microneedles offer an excellent opportunity to explore the dynamics of molecular markers in the interstitial fluid, however good acceptability of these next generation devices will require several technical problems associated with current commercially available wearable sensors to be overcome. These particularly include reliability, comfort and cost...
April 2017: Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422556/the-acute-effects-of-breaking-up-seated-office-work-with-standing-or-light-intensity-walking-on-interstitial-glucose-concentration-a-randomised-crossover-trial
#14
Laura A Brocklebank, Rob C Andrews, Angie Page, Catherine L Falconer, Sam Leary, Ashley Cooper
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomised, three-period, three-treatment crossover trial was to examine the acute effects of regularly breaking up seated office work with short bouts of standing or light-intensity walking on postprandial interstitial glucose concentration. METHODS: Seventeen middle-aged office workers performed three five-hour trial conditions at their workplace in a random order: 1) uninterrupted sitting; 2) sitting interrupted by two minutes of standing every 20 minutes; and 3) sitting interrupted by two minutes of light-intensity walking every 20 minutes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421112/self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-to-assess-dawn-phenomenon-in-chinese-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Wen Wu, Yuxin Huang, Jieyuzhen Qiu, Jiao Sun, Haidong Wang
Aims. We investigated whether self-monitoring of blood glucose could be used to assess dawn phenomenon in Chinese people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. A total of 306 people with T2DM underwent continuous glucose monitoring and self-monitoring of blood glucose for 72 h. A linear model was used to fit the optimal linear formula of the magnitude of dawn phenomenon (ΔDawn) and self-monitoring of blood glucose values. Results. The prevalence of dawn phenomenon was similar within different oral antidiabetic drug groups (42...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420260/the-safety-of-nonadjunctive-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitors-for-insulin-dosing-still-not-resolved
#16
Alan R Shapiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418732/insulin-infusion-sets-and-continuous-glucose-monitoring-sensors-where-the-artificial-pancreas-meets-the-patient
#17
Gregory P Forlenza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418217/24-hour-variations-in-blood-glucose-level-in-type-2-diabetic-japanese-based-on-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#18
Maiko Hajime, Yosuke Okada, Hiroko Mori, Takashi Otsuka, Mayuko Kawaguchi, Megumi Miyazaki, Fumi Kuno, Kei Sugai, Satomi Sonoda, Kenichi Tanaka, Akira Kurozumi, Manabu Narisawa, Keiichi Torimoto, Tadashi Arao, Yoshiya Tanaka
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: High fluctuations in blood glucose are associated with various complications. The correlation between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level and fluctuations in blood glucose level has not been studied in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In this study, blood glucose profile stratified by HbA1c level was evaluated by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in Japanese T2DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our retrospective study included 294 patients with T2DM, who were divided by HbA1c level into five groups (≥6...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416667/autonomous-sweat-extraction-and-analysis-applied-to-cystic-fibrosis-and-glucose-monitoring-using-a-fully-integrated-wearable-platform
#19
Sam Emaminejad, Wei Gao, Eric Wu, Zoe A Davies, Hnin Yin Yin Nyein, Samyuktha Challa, Sean P Ryan, Hossain M Fahad, Kevin Chen, Ziba Shahpar, Salmonn Talebi, Carlos Milla, Ali Javey, Ronald W Davis
Perspiration-based wearable biosensors facilitate continuous monitoring of individuals' health states with real-time and molecular-level insight. The inherent inaccessibility of sweat in sedentary individuals in large volume (≥10 µL) for on-demand and in situ analysis has limited our ability to capitalize on this noninvasive and rich source of information. A wearable and miniaturized iontophoresis interface is an excellent solution to overcome this barrier. The iontophoresis process involves delivery of stimulating agonists to the sweat glands with the aid of an electrical current...
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413931/glucose-variations-and-activity-are-strongly-coupled-in-sleep-and-wake-in-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Sarah S Farabi, David W Carley, Lauretta Quinn
BACKGROUND: Glucose variations are common throughout sleep and wakefulness in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The objective of this investigation was to characterize the time-varying coupling between glucose and unstructured physical activity over a 60-hr period in young adults with T1DM. The hypothesis was that coupling would differ during sleep versus wakefulness and would exhibit circadian variations. METHOD: Young adults with T1DM treated with an insulin pump participated in the study...
May 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
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