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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103300/expression-profiling-of-ribosome-biogenesis-factors-reveals-nucleolin-as-a-novel-potential-marker-to-predict-outcome-in-aml-patients
#1
Virginie Marcel, Frédéric Catez, Caroline M Berger, Emeline Perrial, Adriana Plesa, Xavier Thomas, Eve Mattei, Sandrine Hayette, Pierre Saintigny, Philippe Bouvet, Jean-Jacques Diaz, Charles Dumontet
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease. Prognosis is mainly influenced by patient age at diagnosis and cytogenetic alterations, two of the main factors currently used in AML patient risk stratification. However, additional criteria are required to improve the current risk classification and better adapt patient care. In neoplastic cells, ribosome biogenesis is increased to sustain the high proliferation rate and ribosome composition is altered to modulate specific gene expression driving tumorigenesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028501/aptamer-conjugated-magnetic-nanoparticles-as-targeted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-contrast-agent-for-breast-cancer
#2
Mohammad Keshtkar, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Seyyed Mehdi Khoshfetrat, Masoud A Mehrgardi, Mahmoud Aghaei
Early detection of breast cancer is the most effective way to improve the survival rate in women. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers high spatial resolution and good anatomic details, and its lower sensitivity can be improved by using targeted molecular imaging. In this study, AS1411 aptamer was conjugated to Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles for specific targeting of mouse mammary carcinoma (4T1) cells that overexpress nucleolin. In vitro cytotoxicity of aptamer-conjugated nanoparticles was assessed on 4T1 and HFFF-PI6 (control) cells...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024568/study-and-evaluation-of-nucleolin-targeted-delivery-of-magnetic-plga-peg-nanospheres-loaded-with-doxorubicin-to-c6-glioma-cells-compared-with-low-nucleolin-expressing-l929-cells
#3
Jafar Mosafer, Manouchehr Teymouri, Khalil Abnous, Mohsen Tafaghodi, Mohammad Ramezani
Magnetic nanoparticulate systems based on polymeric materials such as poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA(1)) are being studied for their potential applications in targeted therapy and imaging of malignant tumors. In the current study, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocrystals (SPIONs(2)) and doxorubicin (Dox(3)) were entrapped in the PLGA-based nanoparticles via a modified multiple emulsion solvent evaporation method. Furthermore, SPIO/Dox-NPs(4) were conjugated to anti-nucleolin AS1411 aptamer (Apt(5)) and their targeting ability was investigated in high nucleolin-expressing C6 glioma cells compared to low nucleolin-expressing L929 cells...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012991/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-anti-nucleolin-targeted-magnetic-plga-nanoparticles-loaded-with-doxorubicin-as-a-theranostic-agent-for-enhanced-targeted-cancer-imaging-and-therapy
#4
Jafar Mosafer, Khalil Abnous, Mohsen Tafaghodi, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Mohammad Ramezani
A superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs(1))/doxorubicin (Dox(2)) co-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA(3))-based nanoparticles targeted with AS1411 aptamer (Apt(4)) against murine C26 colon carcinoma cells is successfully developed via a modified multiple emulsion solvent evaporation method for theranostic purposes. The mean size of SPIO/Dox-NPs(5) (NPs) was 130 nm with a narrow particle size distribution and Dox loading of 3.0%. The SPIO loading of 16.0% and acceptable magnetic properties are obtained and analyzed using thermogravimetric and vibration simple magnetometer analysis, respectively...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007579/g-quadruplex-oligonucleotide-as1411-as-a-cancer-targeting-agent-uses-and-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
Paula J Bates, Elsa M Reyes-Reyes, Mohammad T Malik, Emily M Murphy, Martin G O'Toole, John O Trent
BACKGROUND: AS1411 is a 26-mer G-rich DNA oligonucleotide that forms a variety of G-quadruplex structures. It was identified based on its cancer-selective antiproliferative activity and subsequently determined to be an aptamer to nucleolin, a multifunctional protein that preferentially binds quadruplex nucleic acids and which is present at high levels on the surface of cancer cells. AS1411 has exceptionally efficient cellular internalization compared to non-quadruplex DNA sequences. SCOPE OF REVIEW: Recent developments related to AS1411 will be examined, with a focus on its use for targeted delivery of therapeutic and imaging agents...
December 20, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988470/precise-glioblastoma-targeting-by-as1411-aptamer-functionalized-poly-l-%C3%AE-glutamylglutamine-paclitaxel-nanoconjugates
#6
Zimiao Luo, Zhiqiang Yan, Kai Jin, Qiang Pang, Ting Jiang, Heng Lu, Xianping Liu, Zhiqing Pang, Lei Yu, Xinguo Jiang
Chemotherapy is still the main adjuvant strategy after surgery in glioblastoma therapy. As the main obstacles of chemotherapeutic drugs for glioblastoma treatment, the blood brain barrier (BBB) and non-specific delivery to non-tumor tissues greatly limit the accumulation of drugs into tumor tissues and simultaneously cause serious toxicity to nearby normal tissues which altogether compromised the chemotherapeutic effect. In the present study, we established an aptamer AS1411-functionalized poly (l-γ-glutamyl-glutamine)-paclitaxel (PGG-PTX) nanoconjugates drug delivery system (AS1411-PGG-PTX), providing an advantageous solution of combining the precisely active targeting and the optimized solubilization of paclitaxel...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988300/zinc-finger-factor-znf121-is-a-myc-interacting-protein-functionally-affecting-myc-and-cell-proliferation-in-epithelial-cells
#7
Ang Luo, Xuan Zhang, Liya Fu, Zhengmao Zhu, Jin-Tang Dong
MYC is a potent oncoprotein that modulates multiple cellular processes including proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, stemness, senescence, and migration. Functioning primarily as a transcriptional factor, MYC interacts with a large number of proteins, and identification and characterization of MYC-interacting proteins are important for understanding how MYC functions. In this study, we used different systems to demonstrate that a novel zinc finger transcription factor, ZNF121, physically interacted with MYC, and the interaction involved their N-terminal regions...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940383/in%C3%A2-vitro-characterization-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-ultrasound-molecular-imaging-of-nucleolin-targeted-microbubbles
#8
Hua Zhang, Elizabeth S Ingham, M Karen J Gagnon, Lisa M Mahakian, Jingfei Liu, Josquin L Foiret, Juergen K Willmann, Katherine W Ferrara
Nucleolin (NCL) plays an important role in tumor vascular development. An increased endothelial expression level of NCL has been related to cancer aggressiveness and prognosis and has been detected clinically in advanced tumors. Here, with a peptide targeted to NCL (F3 peptide), we created an NCL-targeted microbubble (MB) and compared the performance of F3-conjugated MBs with non-targeted (NT) MBs both in vitro and in vivo. In an in vitro study, F3-conjugated MBs bound 433 times more than NT MBs to an NCL-expressing cell line, while pretreating cells with 0...
February 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913192/the-cellular-protein-nucleolin-preferentially-binds-long-looped-g-quadruplex-nucleic-acids
#9
Sara Lago, Elena Tosoni, Matteo Nadai, Manlio Palumbo, Sara N Richter
BACKGROUND: G-quadruplexes (G4s) are four-stranded nucleic acid structures that form in G-rich sequences. Nucleolin (NCL) is a cellular protein reported for its functions upon G4 recognition, such as induction of neurodegenerative diseases, tumor and virus mechanisms activation. We here aimed at defining NCL/G4 binding determinants. METHODS: Electrophoresis mobility shift assay was used to detect NCL/G4 binding; circular dichroism to assess G4 folding, topology and stability; dimethylsulfate footprinting to detect G bases involved in G4 folding...
November 30, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907160/as1411-induced-growth-inhibition-of-glioma-cells-by-up-regulation-of-p53-and-down-regulation-of-bcl-2-and-akt1-via-nucleolin
#10
Ye Cheng, Gang Zhao, Siwen Zhang, Fares Nigim, Guangtong Zhou, Zhiyun Yu, Yang Song, Yong Chen, Yunqian Li
AS1411 binds nucleolin (NCL) and is the first oligodeoxynucleotide aptamer to reach phase I and II clinical trials for the treatment of several cancers. However, the mechanisms by which AS1411 targets and kills glioma cells and tissues remain unclear. Here we report that AS1411 induces cell apoptosis and cycle arrest, and inhibits cell viability by up-regulation of p53 and down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Akt1 in human glioma cells. NCL was overexpressed in both nucleus and cytoplasm in human glioma U87, U251 and SHG44 cells compared to normal human astrocytes (NHA)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894092/a-novel-fully-human-anti-ncl-immunornase-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-therapy
#11
Chiara D'Avino, Dario Palmieri, Ashley Braddom, Nicola Zanesi, Cindy James, Sara Cole, Francesco Salvatore, Carlo M Croce, Claudia De Lorenzo
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. A new promising anti-cancer therapy involves the use of monoclonal antibodies specific for target tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). A TAA of interest for immunotherapy of Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) is nucleolin (NCL), a multifunctional protein, selectively expressed on the surface of cancer cells, which regulates the biogenesis of specific microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in tumor development and drug-resistance. We previously isolated a novel human anti-NCL scFv, called 4LB5, that is endowed with selective anti-tumor effects...
November 23, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880931/an-xist-related-small-rna-regulates-kras-g-quadruplex-formation-beyond-x-inactivation
#12
Yuli C Chang, Chien-Chih Chiu, Chung-Yee Yuo, Wen-Ling Chan, Ya-Sian Chang, Wen-Hsin Chang, Shou-Mei Wu, Han-Lin Chou, Ta-Chih Liu, Chi-Yu Lu, Wen-Kuang Yang, Jan-Gowth Chang
X-inactive-specific transcript (XIST), a long non-coding RNA, is essential for the initiation of X-chromosome inactivation. However, little is known about other roles of XIST in the physiological process in eukaryotic cells. In this study, the bioinformatics approaches revealed XIST could be processed into a small non-coding RNA XPi2. The XPi2 RNA was confirmed by a northern blot assay; its expression was gender-independent, suggesting the role of XPi2 was beyond X-chromosome inactivation. The pull-down assay combined with LC-MS-MS identified two XPi2-associated proteins, nucleolin and hnRNP A1, connected to the formation of G-quadruplex...
November 17, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874146/roles-of-nucleolin-focus-on-cancer-and-anti-cancer-therapy
#13
Zhuo Chen, XinHua Xu
Nucleolin, a multifunctional protein distributed in the nucleolus, participates in many modulations including rDNA transcription, RNA metabolism, and ribosome assembly. Nucleolin is also found in the cytoplasm and on the cell membrane, and surface nucleolin can bind to various ligands to affect many physiological functions. The expression and localization of nucleolin is often abnormal in cancers, as the differential distribution of nucleolin in cancer can influence the carcinogenesis, proliferation, survival, and metastasis of cancer cells, leading to the cancer progression...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792899/functional-alterations-of-root-meristematic-cells-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-induced-by-a-simulated-microgravity-environment
#14
Elodie Boucheron-Dubuisson, Ana I Manzano, Isabel Le Disquet, Isabel Matía, Julio Sáez-Vasquez, Jack J W A van Loon, Raúl Herranz, Eugénie Carnero-Diaz, F Javier Medina
Environmental gravity modulates plant growth and development, and these processes are influenced by the balance between cell proliferation and differentiation in meristems. Meristematic cells are characterized by the coordination between cell proliferation and cell growth, that is, by the accurate regulation of cell cycle progression and the optimal production of biomass for the viability of daughter cells after division. Thus, cell growth is correlated with the rate of ribosome biogenesis and protein synthesis...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792779/dual-role-of-a-sas10-c1d-family-protein-in-ribosomal-rna-gene-expression-and-processing-is-essential-for-reproduction-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#15
Ying-Jiun C Chen, Huei-Jing Wang, Guang-Yuh Jauh
In eukaryotic cells, ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) are transcribed, processed, and assembled with ribosomal proteins in the nucleolus. Regulatory mechanisms of rRNA gene (rDNA) transcription and processing remain elusive in plants, especially their connection to nucleolar organization. We performed an in silico screen for essential genes of unknown function in Arabidopsis thaliana and identified Thallo (THAL) encoding a SAS10/C1D family protein. THAL disruption caused enlarged nucleoli in arrested embryos, aberrant processing of precursor rRNAs at the 5' External Transcribed Spacer, and repression of the major rDNA variant (VAR1)...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754848/nucleolin-targeting-impairs-the-progression-of-pancreatic-cancer-and-promotes-the-normalization-of-tumor-vasculature
#16
Maud-Emmanuelle Gilles, Federica Maione, Mélissande Cossutta, Gilles Carpentier, Laure Caruana, Silvia Di Maria, Claire Houppe, Damien Destouches, Ksenya Shchors, Christopher Prochasson, Fabien Mongelard, Simona Lamba, Alberto Bardelli, Philippe Bouvet, Anne Couvelard, José Courty, Enrico Giraudo, Ilaria Cascone
Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive tumor, mostly resistant to the standard treatments. Nucleolin is overexpressed in cancers and its inhibition impairs tumor growth. Herein, we showed that nucleolin was overexpressed in human specimens of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and that the overall survival significantly increased in patients with low levels of nucleolin. The nucleolin antagonist N6L strongly impaired the growth of primary tumors and liver metastasis in an orthotopic mouse model of PDAC (mPDAC)...
December 15, 2016: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711134/interaction-of-host-nucleolin-with-influenza-a-virus-nucleoprotein-in-the-early-phase-of-infection-limits-the-late-viral-gene-expression
#17
Deepshikha Kumar, Shobha Broor, Maitreyi S Rajala
Influenza A virus nucleoprotein, is a multifunctional RNA-binding protein, encoded by segment-5 of the negative sense RNA genome. It serves as a key connector between the virus and the host during virus replication. It continuously shuttles between the cytoplasm and the nucleus interacting with various host cellular factors. In the current study, host proteins interacting with nucleoprotein of Influenza A virus of H1N1 2009 pandemic strain were identified by co-immunoprecipitation studies followed by MALDI-TOF/MS analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702507/fabrication-of-aptamer-decorated-dextran-coated-nano-graphene-oxide-for-targeted-drug-delivery
#18
Mona Alibolandi, Marzieh Mohammadi, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Mohammad Ramezani, Khalil Abnous
In the current study, dextran (DEX) was covalently conjugated to the surface of nano-GO sheets, making stable biocompatible dextran coated GO (GO-DEX). The prepared GO-DEX was nontoxic to 4T1 mammary carcinoma cell line at concentrations up to 300μg/mL. AS1411 aptamer, a ssDNA aptamer which can improve the intracellular uptake by nucleolin recognition, also has been introduced to hydroxyl groups of DEX in GO-DEX to produce GO-DEX-Apt. Moreover, curcumin (CUR), a natural polyphenol, found in the rhizomes of Curcuma longa (turmeric) which shows antineoplastic effects, was loaded onto the GO-DEX and GO-DEX-Apt via π-π stacking interactions with a high loading capacity (∼29wt%)...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693125/pleiotrophin-and-its-receptor-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-beta-zeta-as-regulators-of-angiogenesis-and-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Evangelia Papadimitriou, Evangelia Pantazaka, Penelope Castana, Thomas Tsalios, Alexandros Polyzos, Dimitris Beis
Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a secreted heparin-binding growth factor that through its receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase beta/zeta (RPTPβ/ζ) has a significant regulatory effect on angiogenesis and cancer. PTN and RPTPβ/ζ are over-expressed in several types of human cancers and regulate important cancer cell functions in vitro and cancer growth in vivo. This review begins with a brief introduction of PTN and the regulation of its expression. PTN receptors are described with special emphasis on RPTPβ/ζ, which also interacts with and/or affects the function of other important targets for cancer therapy, such as vascular endothelial growth factor A, ανβ3 and cell surface nucleolin...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673355/nucleolin-and-nucleophosmin-nucleolar-proteins-with-multiple-functions-in-dna-repair
#20
Daniel D Scott, Marlene Oeffinger
The nucleolus represents a highly multifunctional intranuclear organelle in which, in addition to the canonical ribosome assembly, numerous processes such as transcription, DNA repair and replication, the cell cycle, and apoptosis are coordinated. The nucleolus is further a key hub in the sensing of cellular stress and undergoes major structural and compositional changes in response to cellular perturbations. Numerous nucleolar proteins have been identified that, upon sensing nucleolar stress, deploy additional, non-ribosomal roles in the regulation of varied cell processes including cell cycle arrest, arrest of DNA replication, induction of DNA repair, and apoptosis, among others...
October 2016: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
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