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Fever. Emergency. Children. Baby

Philip N Britton, Cheryl A Jones, Kristine Macartney, Allen C Cheng
Epidemics of human parechovirus (HPeV) causing disease in young children have occurred every 2 years in Australia since 2013. HPeV genotype 3 caused the epidemic from late 2017 to early 2018. Most HPeV infections cause no or mild symptoms including gastroenteritis or influenza-like illness. Characteristically, young infants present with fever, irritability and on occasions a diffuse rash ("red, hot and angry" babies). Severe disease can manifest as meningoencephalitis, seizures or sepsis-like presentations (including septic shock), or less common presentations including signs of surgical abdomen...
May 7, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Shraddha Siwakoti, Rinku Sah, Rupa Singh Rajbhandari, Basudha Khanal
Introduction: Pantoea agglomerans, primarily an environmental and agricultural organism has been reported as both commensal and pathogen of humans. We present two case reports of P. agglomerans infections in children that involved the meninges and bloodstream. Case Presentations: A 6-month-old female baby, diagnosed as congenital hydrocephalus secondary to aqueduct stenosis with ventriculoperitoneal shunt in situ, operated 14 days back was brought to the pediatric emergency with a two-day history of high fever associated with vomiting, irritability, excessive crying, and decreased feeding...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ann Wilkinson
Parents often bring children with a fever to primary and emergency care settings. This article uses a case study to explore the assessment of children with a fever in pre-hospital settings using the three-minute toolkit, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence fever guidelines and the baby check score. It also highlights some educational resources for parents, designed to help them recognise when to seek clinical advice for their children.
March 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Kriti Mohan, M M Maithani
The clinical manifestation of malaria in neonates and young infants is non-specific and differs from that of adults and older children. So a high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose malaria in early infancy. Chloroquine is the first-line treatment for Plasmodium vivax malaria in most parts of the world. This case report details a case of chloroquine-resistant malaria due to P. vivax by transplacental transmission from mother with mixed infection of P. falciparum and P. vivax in a 26-day-old young infant who presented with moderate grade fever and reviews the literature of malaria in infantile and neonatal age groups...
December 2010: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Jung Oak Kang, Chang Ryul Kim, Paul E Kilgore, Tae Yeal Choi
To characterize rotavirus G and P genotypes circulating among infants and young children hospitalized with severe diarrhea in a university hospital in Gyeonggi province, Korea, and to examine any association of the genotypes and nosocomial infections, we genotyped 103 isolates of rotavirus by multiplex RT-PCR. In July 2001-June 2002, we found that globally common strains constituted 64.2% (G2P[4] 28.3%, G3P[8] 28.3%, G4P[8] 5.7%, and G1P[8] 1.9%), and the uncommon strain, G4P[6], constituted 26.4%. During July 2002-June 2003, the percentage of common strains decreased to 44...
December 2006: Journal of Korean Medical Science
J Sánchez-Gimeno, J Martín-Carpi, S Martínez-Laborda, S Carrasco-Lorente, P Abenia-Usón, J López-Pisón, J Sánchez-Agreda
INTRODUCTION: Febrile convulsions are one of the most frequent pathologies seen in paediatric emergencies. The diagnosis of febrile seizures is clinico evolutionary and is easily established once the acute process is overcome and a normal state is restored in the child. The differential diagnosis is established with the processes that associate fever and convulsions in children between the ages of 1 month and 6 years, many of which require specific treatment. Certain complementary examinations, essentially a blood test, lumbar puncture and neuroimaging, are needed to identify them...
February 15, 2003: Revista de Neurologia
J K Andrews, K L Armstrong, J A Fraser
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of professional telephone advice given to parents with sick children. METHODS: All hospitals with an emergency department and a paediatric ward and a designated child health telephone advice line in the greater Brisbane region were invited to participate in the study. Case scenarios involving a febrile baby, a 14-month-old with gastroenteritis and an 18-month-old with a head injury were used three times with each institution. Each of the cases should have elicited a response indicating the need for urgent medical attention...
February 2002: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
P Hewson, Z Poulakis, F Jarman, J Kerr, D McMaster, J Goodge, G Silk
OBJECTIVE: To perform a multicentre follow-up study to determine if previously identified markers of serious illness in early infancy were robust and statistically reliable. METHODS: Infants aged 1 week to 26 weeks presenting to the Emergency Departments of the Royal Children's Hospital and two Melbourne metropolitan hospitals were seen over a 12-month period. Eleven clinical markers as well as their temperature were documented by nursing staff and resident medical officers...
June 2000: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
N Aydinli, A Citak, M Calişkan, M Karaböcüoglu, S Baysal, M Ozmen
A retrospective study is presented of the clinical features and outcome of late onset haemorrhagic disease due to vitamin K deficiency in 11 babies who were admitted to the emergency or child neurology unit during a 4-year period (January 1994-December 1997). The disease occurred in infants between 30 and 119 days of age (mean: 56+/-24 days). None of them received vitamin K after birth and all were breastfed. The presenting complaints were seizures (91%), drowsiness (82%), poor sucking (64%), vomiting (46%), fever (46%), pallor (46%), acute diarrhoea (27%), irritability and high-pitched cry (18%)...
1998: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
K N Shaw, M H Gorelick
Little attention has been focused on the identification of urinary tract infection (UTI) in young febrile children in the emergency department, despite recent information that suggests both a high prevalence and significant associated morbidity in this population. Most UTIs that lead to scarring or diminished kidney growth occur in children younger than age 4 years, especially babies in the first year of life. Overall, prevalence rates of UTI in febrile infants in the emergency department are approximately 3% to 5%, with higher rates for white girls, uncircumcised boys, and those without another potential source for fever...
December 1999: Pediatric Clinics of North America
R Carbajal, P Barthez, P Blanc, A Paupe, R Lenclen, M Olivier-Martin, N Simon
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (ED) are requested everyday to dispense medical telephone advice for children. To evaluate the quality of telephone management, a mock scenario simulating a febrile 4 month-old-girl with signs compatible with septicemia was used. METHODS: One hundred randomly selected French emergency departments were called on. Half of the hospitals had a pediatric department with more than 20 beds; the other half did not have a pediatric department...
October 1996: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
A Garduño-Espinosa, A González-Astiazarán, M S Calvo-González, L Valderrábano-Ojeda, I Maulen-Radovan
We presented the experience at the Emergency Unit of the National Institute of Pediatrics with children with Status Epilepticus (SE). This series studied 70 patients, the greatest frequency was seen among infants (55%), followed by preschool children (17%). The most frequent type of SE was generalized tonic clonic (54%) also being the most critical. The simple partial status or epilepsia partialis continua was found to be another frequent variety. In newborns babies the most common type of SE was generalized tonic...
August 1990: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
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