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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086915/comparative-study-in-infertile-couples-with-and-without-chlamydia-trachomatis-genital-infection
#1
Yuanchang Zhu, Biao Yin, Tonghua Wu, Lijun Ye, Chunmei Chen, Yong Zeng, Yaou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis(C. trachomatis), is the most common sexually transmitted disease. The incidence is not clear due to the asymptomatic nature of early stage of infections. The incidence of Chlamydia has not been fully investigated in the Chinese Han population. Since chronic infection with can C. trachomatis can lead to infertility in males and females, it is important to determine the impact of infection on clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to explore the epidemiology of C...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079771/advanced-research-and-data-methods-in-women-s-health-big-data-analytics-adaptive-studies-and-the-road-ahead
#2
Christian R Macedonia, Clark T Johnson, Indika Rajapakse
Technical advances in science have had broad implications in reproductive and women's health care. Recent innovations in population-level data collection and storage have made available an unprecedented amount of data for analysis while computational technology has evolved to permit processing of data previously thought too dense to study. "Big data" is a term used to describe data that are a combination of dramatically greater volume, complexity, and scale. The number of variables in typical big data research can readily be in the thousands, challenging the limits of traditional research methodologies...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079770/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#3
Jacques Balayla, Odile Sheehy, William D Fraser, Jean R Séguin, Jacquetta Trasler, Patricia Monnier, Andrea A MacLeod, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gina Muckle, Anick Bérard
OBJECTIVE: To compare children's cognitive, motor, and language development at 2 years of age after assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) relative to natural conception. METHODS: The 3D-Study (2010-2012) is a prospective cohort study, which sought to improve the understanding among perinatal events, obstetric outcomes, and child development. A total of 2,366 pregnant women were recruited, of whom 278 conceived with ART: ovarian stimulation, intrauterine sperm insemination, in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or in vitro maturation...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078226/clinical-utility-of-sperm-dna-fragmentation-testing-practice-recommendations-based-on-clinical-scenarios
#4
REVIEW
Ashok Agarwal, Ahmad Majzoub, Sandro C Esteves, Edmund Ko, Ranjith Ramasamy, Armand Zini
Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) has been generally acknowledged as a valuable tool for male fertility evaluation. While its detrimental implications on sperm function were extensively investigated, little is known about the actual indications for performing SDF analysis. This review delivers practice based recommendations on commonly encountered scenarios in the clinic. An illustrative description of the different SDF measurement techniques is presented. SDF testing is recommended in patients with clinical varicocele and borderline to normal semen parameters as it can better select varicocelectomy candidates...
December 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077366/effectiveness-of-acupuncture-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilisation-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Junyoung Jo, Yoon Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy, effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: We searched a total of 15 databases through October 2015. The participants were women with PCOS (diagnosed using the Rotterdam criteria) undergoing IVF or ICSI...
January 11, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076602/incidence-of-y-chromosome-microdeletions-in-children-whose-fathers-underwent-vasectomy-reversal-or-in-vitro-fertilization-with-epididymal-sperm-aspiration-a-case-control-study
#6
Milton Ghirelli-Filho, Patricia Leme de Marchi, Fernanda Abani Mafra, Viviane Cavalcanti, Denise Maria Christofolini, Caio Parente Barbosa, Bianca Bianco, Sidney Glina
Objective: To evaluate the incidence of Y-chromosome microdeletions in individuals born from vasectomized fathers who underwent vasectomy reversal or in vitro fertilization with sperm retrieval by epididymal aspiration (percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration). Methods: A case-control study comprising male children of couples in which the man had been previously vasectomized and chose vasectomy reversal (n=31) or in vitro fertilization with sperm retrieval by percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (n=30) to conceive new children, and a Control Group of male children of fertile men who had programmed vasectomies (n=60)...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073201/azoospermic-patient-s-treatment-an-experience-of-a-pma-hospital-unit-and-role-of-ultrasonography
#7
Paolo Panella, Pietro Pepe, Placido Borzì, Maria Elena Vento, Michele Pennisi, Paolo Scollo
INTRODUCTION: Azoospermia causes about 10% of male infertility and the best therapeutic option is the retrieval of sperm from testis or epididymis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From Juanary 2008 to June 2016, 92 men (median 36 years; range: 25-54 years) were submitted in 47 cases to TESE (testicular sperm extraction) and in 45 cases to PESA (percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration) for secretory and obstructive azoospermia, respectively; moreover, all the patients previously underwent color Doppler ultrasound of the testis and transrectal ultrasound of the prostate...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071857/risk-of-hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy-following-assisted-reproductive-technology-overview-and-meta-analysis
#8
Costas Thomopoulos, George Salamalekis, Konstantinos Kintis, Iliana Andrianopoulou, Helena Michalopoulou, George Skalis, Stefanos Archontakis, Ourania Argyri, Costas Tsioufis, Thomas K Makris, Emmanuel Salamalekis
The extent of the increased risk of pregnancy hypertensive disorders following assisted reproductive technology (ART) was investigated. PubMed and the Cochrane Collaboration Library were used as data sources to identify and select longitudinal cohorts comparing pregnancies following ART with spontaneously conceived pregnancies, between 1978 and June 2016. Risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of three outcomes, ie, gestational hypertension (GH), preeclampsia (PE), and their sum (PHD), were calculated...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069181/recommendations-for-practices-utilizing-gestational-carriers-a-committee-opinion
#9
(no author information available yet)
This document provides the latest recommendations for evaluation of gestational carriers and intended parents. It incorporates recent information from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the American Association of Tissue Banks, with which all programs offering gestational carrier services must be thoroughly familiar. This document replaces the previous document of the same name, last published in 2015 (Fertil Steril 2015; 103:e1-8).
January 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069176/revisiting-the-progesterone-to-oocyte-ratio
#10
Micah J Hill, Mae Wu Healy, Kevin S Richter, Eric Widra, Eric D Levens, Alan H DeCherney, George Patounakis, Brian W Whitcomb
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate the P to oocyte (O) ratio (P/O) in the prediction of live birth in assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 7,608 fresh autologous ART ET cycles. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Live birth. RESULT(S): Generalized estimating equation (GEE) models and receiver operating characteristic curves assessed the ability of P, O, and the P/O ratio to predict live birth...
January 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069175/old-older-and-too-old-age-limits-for-medically-assisted-fatherhood
#11
REVIEW
Andrea Mechanick Braverman
How old is too old to be a father? Can you be a little bit older or "old-ish" to be a dad without being considered an "older dad"? At some point, does one simply become too old to be a father? Unless a man requires medical assistance in family building, that answer has historically turned solely on his opportunity to have a willing female partner of reproductive age. As with so many other aspects of family building, assisted reproductive technologies have transformed the possibilities for-and spawned heated debates about-maternal age...
January 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069173/periconceptional-maternal-biomarkers-of-one-carbon%C3%A2-metabolism-and-embryonic-growth-trajectories-the-rotterdam-periconceptional-cohort-predict-study
#12
Francesca Parisi, Melek Rousian, Anton H J Koning, Sten P Willemsen, Irene Cetin, Eric A P Steegers, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between the periconceptional maternal biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism and embryonic growth. DESIGN: Prospective, periconceptional hospital-based birth cohort. SETTING: Tertiary medical care center. PATIENT(S): Between 2010 and 2014, 236 women with early singleton ongoing pregnancies that resulted in 139 strictly dated spontaneous pregnancies and 97 pregnancies conceived after assisted reproductive technology...
January 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069012/systematic-review-of-worldwide-trends-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-2004-2013
#13
REVIEW
Vitaly A Kushnir, David H Barad, David F Albertini, Sarah K Darmon, Norbert Gleicher
BACKGROUND: Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) has undergone considerable changes over the last decade, with consequences on ART outcomes in different regions of the world being unknown. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of published national and regional ART registry data to assess how changes in clinical practice between 2004 and 2013 have impacted outcomes in Australia and New Zealand, Canada, Continental Europe, the United Kingdom (U.K.), Japan, Latin America, and the United States (U...
January 10, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068990/risk-factors-for-severe-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-control-study
#14
Lill Trine Nyfløt, Irene Sandven, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Silje Pettersen, Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Margit Rosenberg, Anne Flem Jacobsen, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, the incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) has increased. This has important public health relevance because severe PPH is a leading cause of major maternal morbidity. However, few studies have identified risk factors for severe PPH within a contemporary obstetric cohort. METHODS: We performed a case-control study to identify risk factors for severe PPH among a cohort of women who delivered at one of three hospitals in Norway between 2008 and 2011...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066836/a-comparative-study-on-the-results-of-agonist-and-antagonist-protocols-based-on-serum-amh-levels-in-patients-undergoing-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#15
Fatemeh Nikmard, Behrouz Aflatoonian, Elham Hosseini, Abbas Aflatoonian, Mehrdad Bakhtiyari, Reza Aflatoonian
BACKGROUND: Serum concentrations of antimullerian hormone (AMH) correlate with ovarian response during assisted reproduction treatment (ART) cycles. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study attempted to evaluate the selection of ovarian stimulation protocols based on serum AMH levels in patients and its impact on the results of ART. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on AMH levels, the patients with tubal factor infertility were divided in three groups of normal, low and high AMH levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066835/the-attitudes-of-infertile-couples-towards-assisted-reproductive-techniques-in-yazd-iran-a-cross-sectional-study-in-2014
#16
Seyed Alireza Afshani, Ali Mohammad Abdoli, Mehrieh Hashempour, Maryam Baghbeheshti, Mohammad Zolfaghari
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about assisted reproductive techniques (ART) and its procedures affect the attitude of infertile people. Making decisions about the use of ART is affected by one's perception and attitude. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the attitude of infertile couples toward applying ART, and to investigate its related factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized cross-sectional study was conducted on 184 infertile couples who had referred to the Research and Clinical Center of Infertility, Yazd, Iran for diagnosis and treatment in June 2014...
December 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065695/perfusion-of-the-uterine-junctional-zone-in-nulliparous-and-primiparous-women-assessed-by-dce-mri-as-a-function-of-menstrual-cycle-and-hormonal-contraception
#17
L J Meylaerts, L Wijnen, M Bazot, M Grieten, W Ombelet, M Vandersteen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perfusion parameters of inner and outer myometrium in healthy nulliparous and primiparous women who are and who are not currently using hormonal contraceptives by means of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed pelvic 1.5T DCE-MRI on 98 women: 18 nulliparous non-users, 30 nulliparous users, 12 primiparous non-users and 38 primiparous users of hormonal contraception (mean age respectively 26...
January 6, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065417/assisted-reproduction-technique-outcomes-for-fresh-versus-deferred-cryopreserved-day-2-embryo-transfer-a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study
#18
Mathilde Bourdon, Pietro Santulli, Vanessa Gayet, Chloé Maignien, Louis Marcellin, Khaled Pocate-Cheriet, Charles Chapron
Ovarian stimulation could adversely affect endometrial receptivity and consequently embryo implantation. One emerging strategy is the 'freeze-all' approach. Most studies have focused on blastocyst transfers, with limited research on day-2 deferred cryopreserved embryo transfers. In this large retrospective cohort study, outcomes were compared between day-2 fresh versus deferred cryopreserved embryo transfers. After matching by age and number of previous cycles, 325 cycles were included in the fresh group and 325 in the deferred cryopreserved embryo transfers group: no significant differences were found between groups in implantation (0...
December 19, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063264/preimplantation-3d-ultrasound-current-uses-and-challenges
#19
Sushila Arya, Sanja Kupesic Plavsic
The preimplantation ultrasound (US) refers to targeted imaging of the uterus and adnexa prior to assisted reproductive techniques (ART) to optimize the infertility treatment outcomes. After a thorough evidence based literature review, we propose the use of transvaginal three-dimensional (3D) US during the early follicular phase. A systematic approach for 3D US examination consists of a detailed examination of the uterine shape, size and contour, evaluation of the endometrial thickness, volume, pattern and vascularity, and assessment of the junctional zone regularity, echogenicity and thickness...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059554/searching-for-love-and-test-tube-babies-iraqi-refugee-men-in-reproductive-exile-on-the-margins-of-detroit
#20
Marcia C Inhorn
In this article, I explore the reproductive health problems faced by Iraqi refugees, one of America's most rapidly growing immigrant populations. Based on anthropological research in 'Arab Detroit', the 'capital' of Arab America, I explore the experiences of Iraqi refugee men seeking medical help for their infertility. Most required intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), a variant of in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, in America's privatized medical system-where a single cycle can cost more than $12,000-few could possibly afford this assisted reproductive technology (ART)...
January 6, 2017: Medical Anthropology
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