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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329409/spiritual-aspects-of-living-with-infertility-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Joana Romeiro, Sílvia Caldeira, Vivienne Brady, Fiona Timmins, Jenny Hall
AIM: To identify the spiritual aspects of patients experiencing infertility and seek a deeper and broader meaning of the involuntary childlessness experience. BACKGROUND: Infertility can be the cause for a spiritual crisis among some couples. Those who endure this involuntary childlessness condition frequently experience contradictory feelings and needs. In this context, core aspects of spirituality such as meaning and purpose in life are often questioned. DESIGN: A review and synthesis of qualitative empirical research was undertaken in order to seek a deeper understanding of the spiritual aspects of patients' experiences of infertility...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326521/anxiety-and-depression-in-women-undergoing-infertility-treatment
#2
Paulina Gdańska, Ewa Drozdowicz-Jastrzębska, Barbara Grzechocińska, Maria Radziwon-Zaleska, Piotr Węgrzyn, Mirosław Wielgoś
Infertility is a significant problem for millions of couples. Recently more attention is being paid to the relationship between infertility treatment with the use of Assisted Reproductive Techniques and the presence of mental disturbances, of which anxiety and depression are the most common. We present a review of recent studies evaluating the influence of anxiety and depression on fertility treatment outcomes and the effect of Assisted Reproductive Techniques treatment on the presence of anxiety and depression among women...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326513/manual-vs-computer-assisted-sperm-analysis-can-casa-replace-manual-assessment-of-human-semen-in-clinical-practice
#3
Joanna Talarczyk-Desole, Anna Berger, Grażyna Taszarek-Hauke, Jan Hauke, Leszek Pawelczyk, Piotr Jedrzejczak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to check the quality of computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system in comparison to the reference manual method as well as standardization of the computer-assisted semen assessment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted between January and June 2015 at the Andrology Laboratory of the Division of Infertility and Reproductive Endocrinology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poland. The study group consisted of 230 men who gave sperm samples for the first time in our center as part of an infertility investigation...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324453/analysis-of-the-main-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes-diagnosed-with-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-groups-iadpsg-criteria-in-multiple-pregnancies
#4
M Cozzolino, C Serena, L Maggio, M P Rambaldi, S Simeone, G Mello, L Pasquini, M Di Tommaso, F Mecacci
INTRODUCTION: The aim is to investigate the proportion of multiple pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and to identify the impact of age, body mass index (BMI), and mode of conception on incidence of GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective cohort study on 656 multiple pregnancies screened for GDM with 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation, between January 2010 and January 2016...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324326/the-impact-of-fabry-disease-on-reproductive-fitness
#5
Dawn A Laney, Virginia Clarke, Allison Foley, Eric W Hall, Scott E Gillespie, Myrl Holida, Morgan Simmons, Alexandrea Wadley
Fabry disease (FD) is a pan-ethnic, X-linked, progressive lysosomal storage disorder caused by pathogenic mutations in the GLA gene. Published case reports and abstracts suggest that decreased reproductive fitness may occur in males with FD. In order to understand the impact of FD on reproductive fitness and increase the accuracy of reproductive genetic counseling, this study examines a large, multi-centered population of individuals with FD to determine if males have reduced reproductive fitness. Study data were collected on 376 patients through two, gender-specific surveys distributed across the United States and Canada...
March 22, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324271/anti-mullerian-hormone-concentrations-in-individual-follicular-fluids-within-one-stimulated-ivf-cycle-resemble-blood-serum-values
#6
Michael Schenk, Julia Maria Kröpfl, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Elisabeth Feldmeier, Gregor Weiss
PURPOSE: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is commonly known as the most potent marker for ovarian reserve due to its decline as female age increases. While serum AMH (sAMH) levels have been intensively investigated, there is less data regarding AMH concentrations in follicular fluid (FF), since FF has usually been designated as waste product during oocyte collection in assisted reproductive technologies. This pilot study investigated follicle AMH concentrations (fAMH) of several follicles per ovary, individually collected with the Steiner-Tan needle, and compared them to sAMH concentrations in women undergoing IVF treatment...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323978/assisted-reproductive-technologies-predispose-to-insulin-resistance-and-obesity-in-male-mice-challenged-with-a-high-fat-diet
#7
David Cerny, Claudio Sartori, Stefano F Rimoldi, Théo Meister, Rodrigo Soria, Elisa Bouillet, Urs Scherrer, Emrush Rexhaj
ART alters glucose homeostasis in mice and humans, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. ART induces endothelial dysfunction and arterial hypertension by epigenetic alteration of the eNOS gene. In eNOS deficient mice, insulin resistance is related to impaired insulin stimulation of muscle blood flow and substrate delivery and defective intrinsic skeletal muscle glucose uptake. We, therefore, assessed glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity (euglycemic clamp), insulin stimulation of muscle blood flow in vivo and muscle glucose uptake in vitro in male ART and control mice fed a normal chow (NC) or challenged with a high fat diet (HFD) during 8 weeks...
February 8, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322775/pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-in-couples-with-infertility-with-and-without-assisted-reproductive-technology-with-an-emphasis-on-us-population-based-studies
#8
REVIEW
Barbara Luke
Infertility, defined as the inability to conceive within one year of unprotected intercourse, affects an estimated 80 million individuals worldwide, or 10-15 percent of couples of reproductive age. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) includes all infertility treatments to achieve conception; in vitro fertilization (IVF) is the process by which an oocyte is fertilized by semen outside the body; non-IVF ART treatments include ovulation induction, artificial insemination, and intrauterine insemination. Use of ART has risen steadily in the United States during the past two decades due to several reasons, including childbearing at older maternal ages and increasing insurance coverage...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322539/a-review-on-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-ohss-management-strategies
#9
Ashley M Eskew, Kenan R Omurtag
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is one of the most frequent, serious and potentially lethal iatrogenic complications of controlled ovarian stimulation. Despite extensive research, the exact pathogenesis of this syndrome remains less clear, but there appears to be a relationship of increased vascular permeability mediated by HCG and other downstream mediators. Adequate experience with ovulation induction therapy and identifying patients with known risk factors are essential in preventing OHSS. As this is a completely iatrogenic disease numerous strategies have been investigated to help decrease the risk of OHSS and their effects on pregnancy and live birth rate...
March 21, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322098/effect-of-sperm-dna-fragmentation-on-clinical-outcomes-for-chinese-couples-undergoing-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#10
Lin-Tao Xue, Rui-Xue Wang, Bing He, Wei-Ying Mo, Li Huang, Shi-Kai Wang, Xian-Bao Mao, Jun-Ping Cheng, Yue-Yue Huang, RuiZhi Liu
Objective To investigate the effect of sperm DNA fragmentation on the fertilization rate, embryo development and pregnancy outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in a cohort of Chinese couples. Methods Infertile couples that had undergone assisted reproductive technology at our centre between January 2011 and December 2013 were included in this retrospective study. Fractions of prepared sperm samples were evaluated for sperm DNA fragmentation on the day of oocyte recovery...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320402/albugo-imposed-changes-to-tryptophan-derived-antimicrobial-metabolite-biosynthesis-may-contribute-to-suppression-of-non-host-resistance-to-phytophthora-infestans-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#11
David C Prince, Ghanasyam Rallapalli, Deyang Xu, Henk-Jan Schoonbeek, Volkan Çevik, Shuta Asai, Eric Kemen, Neftaly Cruz-Mireles, Ariane Kemen, Khaoula Belhaj, Sebastian Schornack, Sophien Kamoun, Eric B Holub, Barbara A Halkier, Jonathan D G Jones
BACKGROUND: Plants are exposed to diverse pathogens and pests, yet most plants are resistant to most plant pathogens. Non-host resistance describes the ability of all members of a plant species to successfully prevent colonization by any given member of a pathogen species. White blister rust caused by Albugo species can overcome non-host resistance and enable secondary infection and reproduction of usually non-virulent pathogens, including the potato late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans on Arabidopsis thaliana...
March 20, 2017: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320240/immunogenesis-of-preeclampsia-lessons-from-donor-gametes
#12
Richard P Porreco, Kent D Heyborne
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia remains an important complication of pregnancy. It is associated with mortality and morbidity for both maternal and fetal/newborn patients. Although major inroads have been made in understanding the pathophysiology of preeclampsia in recent decades, the initial primary cause of its occurrence in some women and not others has escaped clarification. REVIEW: There have been a number of clinical clues pointing to an immune genesis of this disease, including most recently the use of donor gametes in assisted reproductive technology (ART)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319264/a-retrospective-study-of-the-effect-of-increasing-age-on-success-rates-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#13
Yvonne M O'Brien, Michael Ryan, Fiona Martyn, Mary B Wingfield
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effect of increasing age on the outcome of assisted reproductive technology, particularly among women aged 40 years or older. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using prospectively collected data for all in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles among women aged 30-35 years or 40-44 years conducted at Merrion Fertility Clinic, Dublin, Ireland, between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014. The relationship between age and treatment outcome was assessed...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316000/investigating-the-financial-impact-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-on-smallholder-pig-farmers-in-cambodia
#14
A Zhang, J R Young, S Suon, K Ashley, P A Windsor, R D Bush
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) was first identified in Cambodia in 2010, causing serious problems on affected farms, although the costs of the disease have not been well defined. The household financial impact of a PRRS outbreak in Cambodia was investigated using partial budget analysis, examining the economic benefit of three proposed interventions: (i) quarterly PRRS vaccine use, (ii) biosecurity implementation, and (iii) implementation of vaccination and biosecurity. The analyses were applied to three farm models: (i) a two-sow breeder; (ii) a five-pig fattener; and (iii) a single-sow, three-pig farrow-to-finish/breeder...
March 18, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314508/geographic-access-to-assisted-reproductive-technology-health-care%C3%A2-in-the-united-states-a%C3%A2-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
John A Harris, Marie N Menke, Jessica K Haefner, Michelle H Moniz, Chithra R Perumalswami
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the geographic distribution of assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics and the number of ART clinics within U.S. Census metropolitan areas and to estimate the number of reproductive-age women who have geographic access to ART services in the United States. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): None...
February 28, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306561/diving-into-the-oocyte-pool
#16
Stine G Kristensen, Susanne E Pors, Claus Y Andersen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The ovarian reserve comprises an enormous surplus of follicles. Despite this, some women produce insufficient numbers of oocytes by conventional fertility treatments. However, recent technical accomplishments may transform assisted reproductive technology (ART) in such a way that oocytes are not necessarily the limiting factor. In this review, we present possible new strategies for enhancing the quantity of mature oocytes, and current views on autologous oocytes as potential sources of mitochondria to lift performance of compromised oocytes...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299785/should-obese-women-s-access-to-assisted-fertility-treatment-be-limited-a-scientific-and-ethical-analysis
#17
Kelton Tremellen, Dominic Wilkinson, Julian Savulescu
Obesity is associated with a reduction in fertility treatment success and increased risks to mother and child. Therefore guidelines of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) suggest that a body mass index exceeding 35 kg/m(2) should be an absolute contraindication to assisted fertility treatment such as in vitro fertilisation IVF. In this paper we challenge the ethical and scientific basis for such a ban. Livebirth rates for severely obese women are reduced by up to 30%, but this result is still far better than that observed for many older women who are allowed access to IVF...
March 16, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299777/recurrent-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-a-review-of-guideline-recommendations
#18
REVIEW
Alexia Matheson, Danielle Mazza
BACKGROUND: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a difficult-to-manage condition that affects 5-8% of women of reproductive age. Current treatment regimes have high relapse rates, resulting in poor quality of life for the women affected. AIM: To compare the quality and content of current guidelines concerned with recurrent VVC and to develop a summary of recommendations to assist in the management of women with this condition. METHODS: Relevant clinical guidelines were identified through a search of several databases (MEDLINE, SCOPUS and The Cochrane Library) and relevant websites...
March 15, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299550/association-between-peak-estradiol-levels-and-ovarian-torsion-among-symptomatic-patients-receiving-gonadotropin-treatment
#19
Phillip A Romanski, Alexander Melamed, Kevin M Elias, Aleksandar K Stanic, Raymond M Anchan
PURPOSE: Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency that can be clinically challenging to diagnose. Patients who have received assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are a subset of women with an increased risk for torsion. As the ART population continues to increase, there is a need to delineate risk factors for the development of ovarian torsion in this unique population. A pilot study was performed to determine the proportion of patients with suspected ovarian torsion who have received ART and to identify possible diagnostic biomarkers for ovarian torsion among these patients...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298949/first-trimester-diagnosis-of-conjoined-twins-in-a-multifetal-pregnancy-after-assisted-reproduction-technique-using-hdlive-rendering
#20
Pedro Teixeira Castro, Heron Werner, Edward Araujo Júnior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
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