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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910711/endometrial-injury-for-rif-patients-undergoing-ivf-icsi-a-prospective-nonrandomized-controlled-trial
#1
Charalampos Siristatidis, Maria Kreatsa, Nikoleta Koutlaki, George Galazios, Vasileios Pergialiotis, Nikolaos Papantoniou
To evaluate the effect of endometrial injury on clinical outcomes in subfertile women with repeated implantation failures (RIF) undergoing assisted reproduction. In this prospective nonrandomized controlled trial, 103 subfertile women with RIF were included. Fifty-one underwent endometrial injury through hysteroscopy in the early follicular phase of the previous cycle and 52 underwent the standard protocol without any intervention. Live birth and miscarriage were the primary outcomes. Clinical and in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle characteristics, were also compared between groups...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909843/increased-risk-of-large-for-gestational-age-birthweight-in-singleton-siblings-conceived-with-in-vitro-fertilization-in-frozen-versus-fresh-cycles
#2
Barbara Luke, Morton B Brown, Ethan Wantman, Judy E Stern, James P Toner, Charles C Coddington
BACKGROUND: Children born from fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles are at greater risk of being born smaller and earlier, even when limited to singletons; those born from frozen cycles have an increased risk of large-for-gestational age (LGA) birthweight (z-score ≥1.28). This analysis sought to overcome limitations in other studies by using pairs of siblings, and accounting for prior cycle outcomes, maternal characteristics, and embryo state and stage. METHODS: Pairs of singleton births conceived with IVF and born between 2004 and 2013 were identified from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System database, matched for embryo stage (blastocyst versus non-blastocyst) and infant gender, categorized by embryo state (fresh versus frozen) in 1st and 2nd births (four groups)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909565/non-invasive-methods-for-embryo-selection
#3
REVIEW
H N Sallam, N H Sallam, S H Sallam
With the widespread use of assisted reproduction, a simple and practical method for embryo selection is needed to optimize the chances of pregnancy while diminishing the incidence of multiple pregnancy and its accompanying problems. Many non-invasive methods for embryo selection have been proposed and some are more promising than others. This review summarizes these methods and attempts to evaluate them in the light of the best currently available evidence and to find out whether any of them is ripe for replacing or supplementing the time-honored method of morphological assessment...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908224/serum-substance-p-concentrations-to-predict-oocyte-maturation-index-and-clinical-pregnancy
#4
Yavuz Sahin, Enis Özkaya, Semra Kayatas Eser, Tayfun Kutlu, Ilhan Sanverdi, Gulden Tunali, Ates Karateke
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of serum substance P (SP) concentrations on oocyte maturation and clinical pregnancy. METHODS: Ninety-three women with unexplained infertility underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Antagonist protocol was started for each participant and at the day of oocyte pick up, serum samples were obtained from each participant to assess SP concentrations, and these concentrations were utilized to predict mature/total oocyte ratio and clinical pregnancy...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908215/in-vitro-effect-of-myo-inositol-on-sperm-motility-in-normal-and-oligoasthenospermia-patients-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#5
P G Artini, E Casarosa, E Carletti, P Monteleone, A Di Noia, O M Di Berardino
It is a known fact that abnormal seminal liquid specimens contain abnormal amounts of oxygen free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and that the use of antioxidant molecules both in vivo and in vitro leads to improvement of semen quality in terms of motility, reduction in DNA damage, with obvious consequences on the fertilization potential. Myo-inositol has been observed to have anti-oxidant properties and be present in much greater concentrations specifically in seminal liquid than in the blood. Moreover, there seems to be a direct relationship between myo-inositol and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and sperm motility...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903344/-a-control-study-of-artificial-oocyte-activation-in-the-same-period
#6
D Y Hao, R Zhang, X Zhang, C Y Shen, Y Yang, W B Wu, Y L Liu, J Liu, J R Zhang, X L Wang
Objective: To compare the fertility rate and embryo outcome between normal fertilization and the use of Calcium ionophore A23187 on the same period of the same cycle of human ovum for artificial activation. Methods: Patients who conducted the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle in vitro fertilization assisted reproductive from January 2015 to December in reproductive center of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled.The protocol of this study was approved by the ethics committee of The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903074/bicornuate-uterus-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-cervical-os-insufficiency-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Yael Baumfeld, Reli Hershkovitz, Giuseppe Loverro, Edoardo Di Naro, David Yohai, Polina Schwarzman, Adi Yehuda Weintraub
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of our study was to explore maternal and fetal outcomes in the second and third trimester in women with bicornuate uterus. METHODS: A total of 280,106 pregnancies met the inclusion criteria and were divided in two study groups: (1) pregnancies in women with bicornuate uterus (n = 444); and (2) controls (n = 279,662). The diagnosis of bicornuate uterus was performed in all patients during the workup for infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss, during pregnancy, or at the time of cesarean delivery...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901279/dopamine-agonists-for-preventing-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Huilin Tang, Selma Mourad, Suo-Di Zhai, Roger J Hart
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a potentially serious complication of ovarian stimulation in assisted reproduction technology (ART). It is characterised by enlarged ovaries and an acute fluid shift from the intravascular space to the third space, resulting in bloating, increased risk of venous thromboembolism and decreased organ perfusion. Most cases are mild, but forms of moderate or severe OHSS appear in 3% to 8% of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycles. The dopamine agonist cabergoline was introduced as a secondary prevention intervention for OHSS in women at high risk of OHSS undergoing ART treatment...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899313/prognostic-factors-for-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-women-with-endometriosis-related-infertility
#9
Chloé Maignien, Pietro Santulli, Vanessa Gayet, Marie-Christine Lafay-Pillet, Diane Korb, Mathilde Bourdon, Louis Marcellin, Dominique de Ziegler, Charles Chapron
BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive technology is one of the therapeutic options offered for managing endometriosis-associated infertility. Yet, published data on assisted reproductive technology outcome in women affected by endometriosis are conflicting and the determinant factors for pregnancy chances unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate assisted reproductive technology outcomes in a series of 359 endometriosis patients, to identify prognostic factors and determine if there is an impact of the endometriosis phenotype...
November 26, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895828/quality-of-facility-based-family-planning-services-for-adolescents-in-malawi-findings-from-a-national-census-of-health-facilities
#10
Vinitha Jayachandran, Gertrude Chapotera, William Stones
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to describe the quality, in terms of provision and experience of care, of facility-based family planning services for adolescents compared to older clients in Malawi. METHODS: Secondary data analysis was performed on data obtained from the Service Provision Assessment survey 2013-14, a census of all formal health facilities in the country. For the present study the inclusion criterion was that the client's age was recorded in the data set, which gave a weighted total of 1388 observations of consultations, reflecting provision of care, and client exit interviews, reflecting experience of care...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894704/antenatal-fetal-surveillance-in-multiple-pregnancies
#11
REVIEW
Dick Oepkes, Marieke Sueters
Multiple pregnancies occur either spontaneously or because of assisted reproduction techniques in 1-3% of pregnancies. The presence of more than one fetus in the womb is associated with a range of possible complications, both for the mother and fetuses. Early detection of these complications followed by timely and appropriate management will reduce the risk of adverse outcomes. The techniques, skills, and experience for timely detection of complications and managing them appropriately require sufficient training and exposure...
September 29, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894151/value-of-the-ultrasound-in-the-study-of-ovarian-reserve-for-prediction-of-oocyte-recovery
#12
Meire Spressão, Antonio Hélio Oliani, Denise Cristina Mós Vaz Oliani
Purpose To identify which methods used in the assessment of the ovarian reserve are exclusive or complementary to identify the best response to follicle development. Methods Retrospective cohort study, involving patients undergoing assisted reproduction treatment at the Instituto de Medicina Reprodutiva e Fetal, from April 2009 to July 2014. Age, biochemical tests, and ultrasound were assessed. The data were analyzed to predict the follicular development and the relation between them, using, for statistical analysis, Statistical Package for Social Sciences software...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893658/freeze-all-embryo-transfer-awareness-and-acceptance-of-ivf-et-patients-in-china
#13
Yan-Xiu Guo, Yan-Jing Yin, Li Tian
The aim of the study was to determine the level of awareness and acceptance of in vitro fertilization pre-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) patients for freeze-all embryo transfer, improve relevant technical specifications, and optimize treatment results based on medical experience.Questionnaires were completed by women who received in vitro fertilization embryo transfer. A total of 377 valid samples were included into this study. Through focus group discussions and tablet assisted intercept interviews, we analyzed the basic situation, the awareness for frozen-all embryo transfer, and the need for frozen-all embryo transfer information for infertile patients...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890951/a-situational-analysis-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-issues-in-physically-challenged-people-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#14
Utkarsha Agarwal, Sumathi Muralidhar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physically challenged people constitute the most stigmatized sections of society, and are excluded from outreach programs, besides being considered sexually inactive. They have unaddressed sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) issues, predisposing them to sexual abuse and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The huge paucity of data in this field prompted us to undertake this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 100 people with more than 40% of permanent disability, attending various out/inpatient facilities of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890704/cryopreservation-of-adult-cervid-testes
#15
Lavanya Pothana, Lalitha Devi, Sandeep Goel
Several species of cervids are currently classified as threatened or endangered due to a rapid decline in their populations. Sperm cryopreservation, in association with assisted reproductive technologies, can find application for the conservation of endangered cervids. In cases of unsuccessful sperm retrieval through other means prior to the death of the animal, adult testis is the only source of sperm. Recovery of viable sperm from adult testes depends on the effective preservation of testicular tissues through optimization of cryopreservation protocols...
November 25, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887992/does-elevated-progesterone-on-day-of-oocyte-maturation-play-a-role-in-the-racial-disparities-in-ivf-outcomes
#16
Micah J Hill, G Donald Royster, Mansi Taneja, Mae Wu Healy, Shvetha M Zarek, Alicia Y Christy, Alan H DeCherney, Eric Widra, Kate Devine
The aim of this study was to evaluate if premature progesterone elevation on the last day of assisted reproduction technique stimulation contributes to racial disparities. A total of 3289 assisted reproduction technique cycles were evaluated in Latino, Asian, African American, and white women. Live birth was more likely in white women (42.6%) compared with Asian (34.8%) and African American women (36.3%), but was similar to Latino women (40.7%). In all racial groups, progesterone was negatively associated with live birth and the negative effect of progesterone persisted when adjusting for confounders...
November 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885726/cryopreservation-of-feline-oocytes-by-vitrification-using-commercial-kits-and-slush-nitrogen-technique
#17
L Fernandez-Gonzalez, K Jewgenow
Assisted reproductive techniques are a valuable tool for conservation breeding of endangered species. Cryopreservation methods are the basis of gamete banks, supporting genetic diversity preservation. Unfortunately, cryopreservation of feline oocytes is still considered an experimental technique. The aim of this study was to compare two commercial kits, with our protocol for vitrification of cat oocytes (IZW), which comprises a three-step method with ethylene glycol, DMSO, fetal calf serum, trehalose and Ficoll PM-70...
November 24, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882769/-current-issues-of-reproductive-medicine-in-the-czech-republic
#18
P Ventruba, J Žáková, M Ješeta, D Rumpík, M Brandejská, I Crha, D Hlinka, L Jelínková, E Oráčová, J Pavelková, K Řežábek, K Veselá
INTRODUCTION: During the 25th symposium of assisted reproduction in Brno was lunch time organised as the lunch table discussion on the selected topics of assisted reproduction. More than 150 specialists reviewed themes related to gynecology and embryology.Discussed topics: Lunch table discussion covered the following topics: (1) Cross-border health care in assisted reproduction; (2) Indication for PGS (preimplantation genetic screening) in the context of actual information; (3) Does ovarian stimulation belong to the ambulance of registering gynecologists? (4) Therapy with clomifen - only for IVF specialists? (5) How and with whom should psychological support be directed during IVF? (6) Stimulation in women with low ovarian reserve; (7) Is basic semen analyses sufficient? (8) Time-lapse systems as relevant markers of embryonic development; (9) How to be oriented with choices of media and consumables in the IVF lab, and (10) "Freeze All" - is this new trend in cryopreservation suitable for all? CONCLUSIONS: Panel conclusions were presented during the afternoon session, which had great attendance, featured lively commentary, and produced some definitive consensus...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881623/comparison-of-three-infertility-specific-measures-in-men-and-women-going-through-assisted-reproductive-technology-treatment
#19
Juliana Pedro, Yoon Frederiksen, Lone Schmidt, Hans J Ingerslev, Robert Zachariae, Mariana V Martins
We compared the psychometric properties of COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales, Fertility Problem Inventory, and Fertility Quality of Life Tool in 293 patients enrolled for assisted reproductive technology. COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales and Fertility Problem Inventory subscales presented higher internal consistency. COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales differentiated best between its domains. Fertility Problem Inventory revealed better concurrent validity. Fertility Quality of Life Tool presented better fit...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881336/-outcome-analysis-of-monozygotic-twin-pregnancy-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-techniques
#20
Shu-Xian Feng, Xue-Lan Li, Xing-Yu Zhou, Yu-Dong Liu, Ping-Ping Guo, De-Sheng Ye, Xin Chen, Shi-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence, management, and outcomes of monozygotic twin (MZT) pregnancy conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of clinical pregnancies after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and introcytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer (ICSI-ET) from January, 2010 to June 2015 at our center. We investigated the incidence, managements and outcomes of 94 MZT pregnancies...
November 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
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