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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940665/prediction-of-persistent-post-operative-pain-pain-specific-psychological-variables-compared-with-acute-post-operative-pain-and-general-psychological-variables
#1
C Horn-Hofmann, J Scheel, V Dimova, A Parthum, R Carbon, N Griessinger, R Sittl, S Lautenbacher
BACKGROUND: Psychological variables and acute post-operative pain are of proven relevance for the prediction of persistent post-operative pain. We aimed at investigating whether pain-specific psychological variables like pain catastrophizing add to the predictive power of acute pain and more general psychological variables like depression. METHODS: In all, 104 young male patients undergoing thoracic surgery for pectus excavatum correction were studied on the pre-operative day (T0) and 1 week (T1) and 3 months (T2) after surgery...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940150/-suicide-risk-in-somatoform-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Giancarlo Giupponi, Ignazio Maniscalco, Sandra Mathà, Carlotta Ficco, Georg Pernther, Livia Sanna, Maurizio Pompili, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Andreas Conca
BACKGROUND: The somatoform disorders include a group of complex disorders consist of somatic symptoms for which there are no identifiable organic cause or pathogenetic mechanisms. Given the importance of these disorders and the need to clarify the diagnosis of somatoform disorder affecting the suicide risk, we took into consideration the scientific literature to investigate the correlation between the two conditions. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic search through Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, SciELO, ORCID, Google Scholar, DOAJ using the following terms: somatoform, somatization disorder, pain disorder AND psychological factor, suicide, parasuicide, suicidality...
September 22, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938275/inpatient-treatment-of-patients-admitted-for-dizziness-a-population-based-healthcare-research-study-on-epidemiology-diagnosis-treatment-and-outcome
#3
Vera Renner, Katharina Geißler, Daniel Boeger, Jens Buentzel, Dirk Esser, Kerstin Hoffmann, Peter Jecker, Andreas Mueller, Gerald Radtke, Hubertus Axer, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius
OBJECTIVE: To determine inpatient treatment rates of patients with dizziness with focus on diagnostics, treatment and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population-based study. SETTING: Inpatients in the federal state Thuringia in 2014. PATIENTS: All 1,262 inpatients (62% females, median age: 61 yr) treated for inpatient dizziness were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The association between analyzed parameters and probability of improvement and recovery was tested using univariable and multivariable statistics...
September 21, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922210/screening-for-dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorder-diagnostic-accuracy-of-self-report-measures-within-a-population-sample
#4
Johannes A C Laferton, Nikola M Stenzel, Winfried Rief, Kristina Klaus, Elmar Brähler, Ricarda Mewes
OBJECTIVE: The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 Somatic Symptom Disorder was introduced to improve the diagnosis of persons suffering from what used to be called somatoform disorders. So far, it is unclear whether existing self-report measures are useful to detect the new Somatic Symptom Disorder. This study investigates the diagnostic accuracy of three self-report questionnaires, measuring somatic complaints (15 item Patient Health Questionnaire; PHQ-15) and psychological features (7 item Whiteley Index;WI-7; Scale for Assessing Illness Behavior; SAIB), in detecting Somatic Symptom Disorder...
September 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894385/genetic-and-epigenetic-epidemiology-of-chronic-widespread-pain
#5
REVIEW
Jasmine I Kerr, Andrea Burri
The etiology underlying chronic widespread pain (CWP) remains largely unknown. An integrative biopsychosocial model seems to yield the most promising explanations for the pathogenesis of the condition, with genetic factors also contributing to disease development and maintenance. Here, we conducted a search of studies investigating the genetic and epigenetic epidemiology of CWP through electronic databases including Web of Science, Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Combinations of keywords including CWP, chronic pain, musculoskeletal pain, genetics, epigenetics, gene, twins, single-nucleotide polymorphism, genotype, and alleles were used...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893330/changes-in-resting-state-brain-networks-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#6
A Yoshino, Y Okamoto, G Okada, M Takamura, N Ichikawa, C Shibasaki, S Yokoyama, M Doi, R Jinnin, H Yamashita, M Horikoshi, S Yamawaki
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is thought to be useful for chronic pain, with the pathology of the latter being closely associated with cognitive-emotional components. However, there are few resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) studies. We used the independent component analysis method to examine neural changes after CBT and to assess whether brain regions predict treatment response. METHODS: We performed R-fMRI on a group of 29 chronic pain (somatoform pain disorder) patients and 30 age-matched healthy controls (T1)...
September 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#7
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862588/phantom-bite-a-real-or-a-phantom-diagnosis-a-case-report
#8
Ben A Sutter
This case report describes computer-guided occlusal therapy in a patient who met the unified diagnostic criteria for phantom bite. After a review of the patient's medical history, along with a diagnostic work-up that included cone beam computed tomography, temporomandibular joint vibration analysis, and digital occlusal analysis, problematic dental components were discovered (including prolonged disclusion time and imbalanced bite force). A digital occlusal analyzer evaluated the patient's occlusion and systematically guided the necessary changes...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861892/sociodemographic-clinical-and-functional-long-term-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-mental-disorders
#9
E Asselmann, H-U Wittchen, R Lieb, K Beesdo-Baum
OBJECTIVE: To examine unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes for a range of adolescent mental disorders. METHODS: A total number of 2210 adolescents and young adults (14-24 years at baseline, T0) from a representative community sample were prospectively followed up (T1-T3) over 10 years. DSM-IV mental disorders, sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes were assessed using the DIA-X/M-CIDI and its embedded assessment modules...
August 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853004/sex-specific-issues-in-eating-disorders-a-clinical-and-psychopathological-investigation
#10
Stefano Valente, Giulia Di Girolamo, Martina Forlani, Anna Biondini, Paolo Scudellari, Diana De Ronchi, Anna Rita Atti
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the characteristics of eating disorders (ED) in males, with particular attention to sex-related clinical features and psychiatric co-morbidities. METHOD: Out of 280 persons, referred to our outpatients ED clinic between January 2011 and June 2014, 267 with complete information were included in this retrospective observational study. RESULTS: The men/women ratio was one to five (male 16.5% vs female 83.5%) with an increasing proportion of male patients over the years...
August 29, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852249/where-lies-the-fault-in-diagnosing-dhat-syndrome-among-females-understanding-through-a-case-study
#11
Sujita Kumar Kar, Amit Singh
Dhat syndrome is a culture-bound syndrome of South-East Asia, common in young men. However, similar entity has also been described in female patients who attribute their symptoms to nonpathological or physiological vaginal discharge. The current diagnostic system for psychiatric illnesses does not encompass Dhat syndrome in females, and so these group of patients receive alternative diagnoses such as somatoform disorder or depression. As a result of which the focus of unique Dhat syndrome-centered management gets weakened, affecting the clinical outcome...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852247/somatoform-pain-disorder-presenting-as-atypical-facial-pain-a-rare-presentation-in-a-13-year-old
#12
Ruchita Shah, Nidhi Chauhan
Children and adolescents often present to physicians and pediatricians with a range of medically unexplained symptoms, most common being headache, abdominal, and bone pains. These symptoms can be a manifestation of underlying depressive, anxiety or somatoform disorders, and sometimes the only symptom. Hence, it is important to recognize and manage these symptoms. Atypical facial pain (AFP) or atypical trigeminal neuralgia that has variably been described to be of psychological origin is considered to be rare in children...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831617/hiv-prevalence-among-hospitalized-patients-at-the-main-psychiatric-referral-hospital-in-botswana
#13
Philip R Opondo, Ari R Ho-Foster, James Ayugi, Bechedza Hatitchki, Margo Pumar, Warren B Bilker, Michael E Thase, John B Jemmott, Michael B Blank, Dwight L Evans
We examined HIV prevalence among patients 18-49 year olds admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Botswana in 2011 and 2012. The retrospective study analyzed females (F) and males (M) separately, comparing proportions with Chi square test and continuous variables with Wilcoxon rank-sum test, assessing significance at the 5% level. HIV seroprevalence among hospitalized psychiatric patients was much more common among females (53%) compared with males (19%) (p < 0.001). These women also appeared more vulnerable to infection compared with females in the general population (29%) (p < 0...
August 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827864/burden-of-psychiatric-morbidity-among-attendees-of-a-secondary-level-hospital-in-northern-india-implications-for-integration-of-mental-health-care-at-subdistrict-level
#14
Partha Haldar, Rajesh Sagar, Sumit Malhotra, Shashi Kant
BACKGROUND: There is little information available on the type, pattern, trend, and demographic differentials of psychiatric cases attending a subdistrict level facility in India. Our objectives were to describe the sociodemographic profile of the patients availing the psychiatric outpatient department services and document the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective analysis of routinely recorded administrative data collected during psychiatry consultations that took place between January 2010 and June 2014, at the subdistrict level hospital, Ballabgarh, Faridabad district, Haryana, Northern India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801385/diagnostic-barriers-for-somatic-symptom-disorders-in-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-in-germany
#15
Christina Heinbokel, Marco Lehmann, Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Thomas Zimmermann, Astrid Althaus, Martin Scherer, Bernd Löwe
INTRODUCTION: Somatoform or somatic symptom disorders ((S)SD) are common and have a negative impact on the patients' health-related quality of life, healthcare use and costs. In primary care, which is central to the management of (S)SD, diagnosis and treatment tend to be delayed. There is a significant lack of evidence regarding the barriers in the diagnostic process of (S)SD in primary care and how interventions should be tailored to address them. The aim of this study is to analyse the diagnostic process in primary care that results in the diagnosis or non-diagnosis of a (S)SD...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779921/secondary-psychological-outcomes-in-a-controlled-trial-of-emotional-freedom-techniques-and-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-food-cravings
#16
Peta Stapleton, Amy Bannatyne, Hannah Chatwin, Keri-Charle Urzi, Brett Porter, Terri Sheldon
OBJECTIVE: Examining the effectiveness of psychological interventions in treating secondary psychological outcomes of obesity has become prioritized in recent times. The objective of the present study was to compare an eight-week Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) intervention program, in the treatment of food cravings and secondary psychological outcomes among overweight or obese adults (N = 83). METHOD: A controlled non-inferiority trial was performed comparing group-delivered CBT to group-delivered EFT...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763813/-the-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-plastic-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-screening-methods
#17
K S Houschyar, H M Philipps, D Duscher, S Rein, K Weissenberg, I Nietzschmann, Z N Maan, M N Pyles, F Siemers
Background The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is considered to be a sub-form of somatoform disorders. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face. Preliminary results suggest that individuals with BDD do not benefit from plastic surgery, so that aesthetic surgery often results in aggravation of their symptoms. Thus, the identification of signs for a BDD is crucial, whether a patient should be operated plastically-aesthetically...
August 1, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745945/elena-a-case-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-from-the-1920s
#18
Adriano Schimmenti
In 1930, Italian psychiatrist Giovanni Enrico Morselli described the history, diagnosis, and treatment of his patient Elena. The case of Elena has been considered in literature as one of the most remarkable cases of multiple personality ever published. In fact, before treatment, Elena showed alternating French- and Italian-speaking personalities, with the Italian personality knowing nothing of her French counterparts. After a difficult treatment involving recovered memories of incestuous attacks by her father, which were proven to be true, Elena fully recovered from her symptoms...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738098/somatization-disorder-and-somatoform-symptoms-in-systematically-studied-survivors-of-10-disasters
#19
Gus Zhang, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement about the association of somatization with exposure to disaster trauma in the existing literature. METHODS: Pre-disaster and post-disaster psychiatric disorders, somatization disorder, and individual somatoform (medically unexplained) symptoms were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews in 811 directly exposed survivors of 10 disasters. RESULTS: Only 1 individual met criteria for post-disaster somatization disorder; there were no incident cases...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722100/-tailored-care-for-functional-vertigo-dizziness-an-integrative-group-psychotherapy-approach
#20
Katharina Radziej, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Karina Limburg, Claas Lahmann
Functional vertigo and dizziness (VD) symptoms are highly prevalent and usually accompanied by a strong impairment of quality in everyday and working life. The complaints are often associated with various psychiatric disorders, particularly phobic and other anxiety disorders, depressive or somatoform disorders. Despite this clinical relevance of VD symptoms, studies towards psychotherapeutic treatment options for patients with functional VD are still rare. Thus, the present study outlines a manual for outpatient group therapy for patients with functional VD symptoms...
June 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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