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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225927/institutionalising-health-technology-assessment-establishing-the-medical-technology-assessment-board-in-india
#1
REVIEW
Laura E Downey, Abha Mehndiratta, Ashoo Grover, Vijay Gauba, Kabir Sheikh, Shankar Prinja, Ravinder Singh, Francoise A Cluzeau, Saudamini Dabak, Yot Teerawattananon, Sanjiv Kumar, Soumya Swaminathan
India is at crossroads with a commitment by the government to universal health coverage (UHC), driving efficiency and tackling waste across the public healthcare sector. Health technology assessment (HTA) is an important policy reform that can assist policy-makers to tackle inequities and inefficiencies by improving the way in which health resources are allocated towards cost-effective, appropriate and feasible interventions. The equitable and efficient distribution of health budget resources, as well as timely uptake of good value technologies, are critical to strengthen the Indian healthcare system...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224637/valve-hemodynamic-deterioration-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-tavr-a-report-from-the-sts-acc-tvt-registry
#2
Sreekanth Vemulapalli, David R Holmes, David Dai, Roland Matsouaka, Michael J Mack, Fred L Grover, Raj R Makkar, Vinod H Thourani, Pamela S Douglas
BACKGROUND: Recent reports of leaflet abnormalities (detected using advanced imaging) have raised questions regarding transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) durability. We sought to determine the incidence of valve hemodynamic deterioration (VHD) and its association with cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive cases with paired postimplant and follow-up echocardiograms from November 2011 to March 2015 in the STS/ACC TVT Registry were allocated into 2 overlapping cohorts: early (paired echocardiograms at 0 and 30 days) and late (paired echocardiograms at 30 days and 1 year)...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223002/basal-and-reactivity-levels-of-cortisol-in-one-month-old-infants-born-to-overweight-or-obese-mothers-from-an-ethnically-and-racially-diverse-low-income-community-sample
#3
Karen M Jones-Mason, Michael Coccia, Stephanie Grover, Elissa Epel, Nicole R Bush
Establishing typical values of the steroid hormone cortisol at rest and after challenge is critical for understanding how environmental factors impact stress regulation and overall development, beginning at birth. Yet most extant samples are small or based upon low-risk populations, and few studies address the potential role of maternal weight during pregnancy in their study designs or sampling strategy. Here we report basal and reactivity levels of salivary cortisol within a racially and ethnically diverse sample of 132 infants approximately one month of age (Age in days: M=37...
December 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219608/operating-quantum-states-in-single-magnetic-molecules-implementation-of-grover-s-quantum-algorithm
#4
C Godfrin, A Ferhat, R Ballou, S Klyatskaya, M Ruben, W Wernsdorfer, F Balestro
Quantum algorithms use the principles of quantum mechanics, such as, for example, quantum superposition, in order to solve particular problems outperforming standard computation. They are developed for cryptography, searching, optimization, simulation, and solving large systems of linear equations. Here, we implement Grover's quantum algorithm, proposed to find an element in an unsorted list, using a single nuclear 3/2 spin carried by a Tb ion sitting in a single molecular magnet transistor. The coherent manipulation of this multilevel quantum system (qudit) is achieved by means of electric fields only...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216091/experimental-observations-of-a-laser-suppression-imaging-system-using-pupil-plane-phase-elements
#5
Jacob H Wirth, Abbie T Watnik, Grover A Swartzlander
To help diminish the undesirable effects of laser irradiation on an imaging sensor, a pupil-plane phase element was introduced to broaden the point spread function, thereby reducing the focused laser irradiance. A sharpened image was subsequently restored via Wiener deconvolution. Successful experimental demonstrations employing a spatial light modulator in the pupil plane are reported for the vortex, axicon, and cubic phase. Furthermore, to circumvent information loss owing to zero values in the modulation transfer function, we demonstrate how images with different phase elements, combined with a joint deconvolution operation, provide an improved image...
November 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212560/concurrent-benzodiazepine-use-in-older-adults-treated-with-antidepressants-in-asia
#6
Xiao-Mei Zhong, Fei Wang, Qinge Zhang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Tian-Mei Si, Kang Sim, Ajit Avasthi, Sandeep Grover, Mian-Yoon Chong, Kok-Yoon Chee, Shigenobu Kanba, Min-Soo Lee, Shu-Yu Yang, Pichet Udomratn, Roy A Kallivayalil, Andi J Tanra, Margarita M Maramis, Winston W Shen, Norman Sartorius, Rathi Mahendran, Chay-Hoon Tan, Naotaka Shinfuku, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the combined use of benzodiazepines and antidepressants in older psychiatric patients. This study examined the prescription pattern of concurrent benzodiazepines in older adults treated with antidepressants in Asia, and explored its demographic and clinical correlates. METHODS: The data of 955 older adults with any type of psychiatric disorders were extracted from the database of the Research on Asian Psychotropic Prescription Patterns for Antidepressants (REAP-AD) project...
December 7, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208793/assessment-of-proliferative-potential-of-odontogenic-keratocyst-and-dentigerous-cyst-using-podoplanin-an-immunohistochemical-study
#7
Sandeep Gupta, Aparna Paliwal, Nidhi Choudaha, Anish Gupta, Prashant Rao, Shekhar Grover
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic cysts are commonly encountered lesions among head and neck pathologies. Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) has unique features of recurrence and local aggressiveness. Podoplanin (PDP) is a lymphatic endothelial marker and is shown to be expressed in a variety of tissues. Hence, we planned to assess the significance of PDP in OKC and dentigerous cyst (DC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included assessment of immunoexpression of PDP in OKC and DC...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207791/gastroenteritis-in-pregnancy-relevance-and-remedy
#8
Sumita Mehta, Ritu Khatuja, Menka Verma, Anshul Grover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204392/subungual-melanoma-is-not-so-rare-report-of-four-cases-from-india
#9
Archana Singal, Deepika Pandhi, Priyanka Gogoi, Chander Grover
Subungual melanoma (SUM) is an uncommon form of acral melanoma that arises within the nail matrix. The incidence for acral melanomas is similar worldwide, however, the proportion is higher in dark-skinned individuals. The subungual form represents approximately 2% of cutaneous non-sun-induced melanomas in the western world and up to 75% in Africans, 10% in Japanese, and 25% in the Chinese. No specific figures are available from the Indian subcontinent; however, the authors could trace three anecdotal case reports published over the last two decades...
November 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203858/complete-3-qubit-grover-search-on-a-programmable-quantum-computer
#10
C Figgatt, D Maslov, K A Landsman, N M Linke, S Debnath, C Monroe
The Grover quantum search algorithm is a hallmark application of a quantum computer with a well-known speedup over classical searches of an unsorted database. Here, we report results for a complete three-qubit Grover search algorithm using the scalable quantum computing technology of trapped atomic ions, with better-than-classical performance. Two methods of state marking are used for the oracles: a phase-flip method employed by other experimental demonstrations, and a Boolean method requiring an ancilla qubit that is directly equivalent to the state marking scheme required to perform a classical search...
December 4, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203598/community-dental-health-coordinators-cultural-connectors-for-oral-health
#11
Jane Grover
The American Dental Association's Community Dental Health Coordinator program was designed to teach community health worker skills to dental auxiliaries. Case management, a valued skill utilized by medical providers, is largely unknown in the dental profession. When case management is incorporated into a dental professional's practice, prevention becomes amplified, leading to decreased costs and increased access.
November 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200188/the-measurable-benefits-of-a-workplace-wellness-program-in-canada-results-after-one-year
#12
Ilka Lowensteyn, Violette Berberian, Patrick Belisle, Deborah DaCosta, Lawrence Joseph, Steven A Grover
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of an employee wellness program in Canada. METHODS: A comprehensive program including web-based lifestyle challenges was evaluated with annual health screenings. RESULTS: Among 730 eligible employees, 688 (94%) registered for the program, 571 (78%) completed a health screening at baseline, and 314 (43%) at 1 year. Most (66%) employees tracked their activity for more than 6 weeks. At one year follow-up, there were significant clinical improvements in systolic blood pressure -3...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200012/a-naturalistic-evaluation-of-change-in-antidepressant-prescription-in-patients-with-affective-and-anxiety-disorders-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-india
#13
Amol Patil, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Gaurav Garg, Sandeep Grover
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have evaluated prescription patterns, there is lack of information on the choice of antidepressants among patients who do not respond antidepressants. Similarly, information on switching strategies is also limited. This naturalistic study aimed to evaluate the switching strategies and preferred antidepressants by the psychiatrists among patients who do not respond to or who are not able to tolerate an antidepressant. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study design was followed...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199903/more-than-a-biomarker-the-systemic-consequences-of-heparan-sulfate-fragments-released-during-endothelial-surface-layer-degradation-2017-grover-conference-series
#14
Kaori Oshima, Sarah M Haeger, Joseph A Hippensteel, Paco S Herson, Eric P Schmidt
Advances in tissue fixation and imaging techniques have yielded increasing appreciation for the glycosaminoglycan-rich endothelial glycocalyx and its in vivo manifestation, the endothelial surface layer (ESL). Pathological loss of the ESL during critical illness promotes local endothelial dysfunction and, consequently, organ injury. Glycosaminoglycan fragments, such as heparan sulfate, are released into the plasma of animals and humans after ESL degradation and have thus served as a biomarker of endothelial injury...
January 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194487/comparative-genomics-of-an-unusual-biogeographic-disjunction-in-the-cotton-tribe-gossypieae-yields-insights-into-genome-downsizing
#15
Corrinne E Grover, Mark A Arick, Justin L Conover, Adam Thrash, Guanjing Hu, William S Sanders, Hsu Chuan-Yu, Rubab Zahra Naqvi, Muhammad Farooq, Xiaochong Li, Lei Gong, Joann Mudge, Thiru Ramaraj, Joshua A Udall, Daniel G Peterson, Jonathan F Wendel
Long-distance insular dispersal is associated with divergence and speciation because of founder effects and strong genetic drift. The cotton tribe (Gossypieae) has experienced multiple trans-oceanic dispersals, generating an aggregate geographic range that encompasses much of the tropics and subtropics worldwide. Two genera in the Gossypieae, Kokia and Gossypioides, exhibit a remarkable geographic disjunction, being restricted to the Hawaiian Islands and Madagascar/East Africa, respectively. We assembled and use de novo genome sequences to address questions regarding the divergence of these two genera from each other and from their sister-group, Gossypium...
November 27, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193256/post-traumatic-heterotopic-ossification-an-old-problem-in-need-of-new-solutions
#16
REVIEW
Neil Eisenstein, Sarah Stapley, Liam Grover
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is the formation of pathological bone in ectopic sites and it can have serious consequences for functional outcomes. For many years, its main clinical relevance was as a rare complication of elective joint arthroplasty or CNS injury and a number of prophylaxes were developed to mitigate against it in these settings. As a consequence of changes in patterns of wounding and survival in conflicts since the turn of the century, post-traumatic HO has become much more common and case severity has increased...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189614/acquired-infection-and-antimicrobial-utilization-during-initial-nicu-hospitalization-in-infants-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#17
Sarah Keene, Karna Murthy, Eugenia Pallotto, Beverly Brozanski, Jason Gien, Isabella Zaniletti, Cheryl Hulbert, Ruth Seabrook, Natalie Rintoul, Louis Chicoine, Nicolas Porta, Theresa R Grover
BACKGROUND: In addition to substantial medical and surgical intervention, neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often have concurrent concerns for acquired infection. However, few studies focus on infection and corresponding antimicrobial utilization in this population. METHODS: The Children's Hospital Neonatal Database was queried for CDH infants hospitalized from Jan 2010- Feb 2016. Patient charts were linked to the Pediatric Health Information Systems (PHIS) database...
November 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176609/very-high-density-eeg-elucidates-spatiotemporal-aspects-of-early-visual-processing
#18
Amanda K Robinson, Praveen Venkatesh, Matthew J Boring, Michael J Tarr, Pulkit Grover, Marlene Behrmann
Standard human EEG systems based on spatial Nyquist estimates suggest that 20-30 mm electrode spacing suffices to capture neural signals on the scalp, but recent studies posit that increasing sensor density can provide higher resolution neural information. Here, we compared "super-Nyquist" density EEG ("SND") with Nyquist density ("ND") arrays for assessing the spatiotemporal aspects of early visual processing. EEG was measured from 128 electrodes arranged over occipitotemporal brain regions (14 mm spacing) while participants viewed flickering checkerboard stimuli...
November 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173397/global-impact-of-radiotherapy-in-oncology-saving-one-million-lives-by-2035
#19
Yolande Lievens, Mary Gospodarowicz, Surbhi Grover, David Jaffray, Danielle Rodin, Julie Torode, Mei Ling Yap, Eduardo Zubizarreta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171389/dermoscopic-characteristics-of-transient-acantholytic-dermatosis-grover-s-disease
#20
Christine Fink, Ferdinand Toberer, Holger A Haenssle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
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