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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772098/insights-in-particulate-matter-induced-allergic-airway-inflammation-focus-on-the-epithelium
#1
Katrien C De Grove, Sharen Provoost, Guy G Brusselle, Guy F Joos, Tania Maes
Outdoor air pollution is a major environmental health problem throughout the world. In particular, exposure to particulate matter (PM) has been associated with the development and exacerbation of several respiratory diseases, including asthma. Although the adverse health effects of PM have been demonstrated for many years, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully identified. In this review, we focus on the role of the lung epithelium and specifically highlight multiple cytokines in PM-induced respiratory responses...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768190/a-bayesian-model-comparison-approach-to-test-the-specificity-of-visual-integration-impairment-in-schizophrenia-or-psychosis
#2
Tyler B Grove, Beier Yao, Savanna A Mueller, Merranda McLaughlin, Vicki L Ellingrod, Melvin G McInnis, Stephan F Taylor, Patricia J Deldin, Ivy F Tso
Impaired visual integration is well documented in schizophrenia and related to functional outcomes. However, it is unclear if this deficit is specific to schizophrenia, or characteristic of psychosis more broadly. To address this question, this study used a Bayesian model comparison approach to examine the evidence of three grouping models of visual integration performance in 116 individuals with schizophrenia (SZ), schizoaffective disorder (SA), bipolar disorder (BD) with or without a history of prominent psychosis (BDP+ and BDP-, respectively), or no psychiatric diagnosis (healthy controls; HC)...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764981/mice-with-endogenous-tdp-43-mutations-exhibit-gain-of-splicing-function-and-characteristics-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#3
Pietro Fratta, Prasanth Sivakumar, Jack Humphrey, Kitty Lo, Thomas Ricketts, Hugo Oliveira, Jose M Brito-Armas, Bernadett Kalmar, Agnieszka Ule, Yichao Yu, Nicol Birsa, Cristian Bodo, Toby Collins, Alexander E Conicella, Alan Mejia Maza, Alessandro Marrero-Gagliardi, Michelle Stewart, Joffrey Mianne, Silvia Corrochano, Warren Emmett, Gemma Codner, Michael Groves, Ryutaro Fukumura, Yoichi Gondo, Mark Lythgoe, Erwin Pauws, Emma Peskett, Philip Stanier, Lydia Teboul, Martina Hallegger, Andrea Calvo, Adriano Chiò, Adrian M Isaacs, Nicolas L Fawzi, Eric Wang, David E Housman, Francisco Baralle, Linda Greensmith, Emanuele Buratti, Vincent Plagnol, Elizabeth Mc Fisher, Abraham Acevedo-Arozena
TDP-43 (encoded by the gene TARDBP ) is an RNA binding protein central to the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, how TARDBP mutations trigger pathogenesis remains unknown. Here, we use novel mouse mutants carrying point mutations in endogenous Tardbp to dissect TDP-43 function at physiological levels both in vitro and in vivo Interestingly, we find that mutations within the C-terminal domain of TDP-43 lead to a gain of splicing function. Using two different strains, we are able to separate TDP-43 loss- and gain-of-function effects...
May 15, 2018: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750108/artificial-macrocycles-as-il-17a-il-17ra-antagonists
#4
Wenjia Wang, Matthew R Groves, Alexander Dömling
Interleukin 17(A) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in several auto-immune and inflammatory diseases. Current antagonists against IL17(A) or its receptor (IL17R) that show efficacy in clinical trials are monoclonal-antibodies (mAbs). However, recently designed artificial macrocyles are potent IL17-IL17R antagonists. Based on Co-crystal structures, a better understanding the biological activity and SAR of the macrocycles has been elucidated, demonstrating that macrocycles can compete with mAbs for difficult targets such as PPIs...
January 1, 2018: MedChemComm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607480/prospective-study-in-bullous-pemphigoid-association-of-high-serum-anti-bp180-igg-levels-with-increased-mortality-and-reduced-karnofsky-score
#5
M M Holtsche, S Goletz, N van Beek, D Zillikens, S Benoit, K Harman, S Walton, J English, M Sticherling, A Chapman, N J Levell, R Groves, H C Williams, I R König, E Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a subepidermal blistering disease characterized by autoantibodies against the two hemidesmosomal proteins BP180 (type XVII collagen) and BP230. The multicenter prospective BLISTER (Bullous Pemphigoid Steroids and Tetracyclines) trial randomized 253 BP patients to compare the benefits and harms between initial treatment with doxycycline or prednisolone. OBJECTIVES: To analyze distinct autoantibody profiles for the prediction of the disease course in a well characterized cohort of BP sera...
April 1, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587883/elevated-polygenic-burden-for-autism-is-associated-with-differential-dna-methylation-at-birth
#6
Eilis Hannon, Diana Schendel, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Jakob Grove, Christine Søholm Hansen, Shan V Andrews, David Michael Hougaard, Michaeline Bresnahan, Ole Mors, Mads Vilhelm Hollegaard, Marie Bækvad-Hansen, Mady Hornig, Preben Bo Mortensen, Anders D Børglum, Thomas Werge, Marianne Giørtz Pedersen, Merete Nordentoft, Joseph Buxbaum, M Daniele Fallin, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, Abraham Reichenberg, Jonathan Mill
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social communication and restricted, repetitive behaviors, interests, or activities. The etiology of ASD involves both inherited and environmental risk factors, with epigenetic processes hypothesized as one mechanism by which both genetic and non-genetic variation influence gene regulation and pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to identify DNA methylation biomarkers of ASD detectable at birth...
March 28, 2018: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559077/-measles-are-eliminated-in-denmark
#7
Julie Aaberg Lauridsen, Tyra Grove Krause, Peter Henrik Andersen
Measles vaccination has led to a significant fall in the number of measles cases and measles-related deaths worldwide. However, many countries still struggle to eliminate the disease. To obtain elimination, a minimum of 95% vaccination coverage for both of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccines is necessary as well as an efficient surveillance system and timely public health response. Presenting data on reported cases and vaccination coverage in the latest 20 years, this article describes how measles are eliminated in Denmark and recommends, how the Danish measles surveillance system can be further improved to maintain the status...
March 19, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548991/cellular-and-metabolic-basis-for-the-ichthyotic-phenotype-in-nipal4-ichthyin-deficient-canines
#8
Elizabeth A Mauldin, Debra Crumrine, Margret L Casal, Sekyoo Jeong, Lukáš Opálka, Katerina Vavrova, Yoshikazu Uchida, Kyungho Park, Brittany Craiglow, Keith A Choate, Kyong-Oh Shin, Yong-Moon Lee, Gary L Grove, Joan S Wakefield, Denis Khnykin, Peter M Elias
Mutations in several lipid synthetic enzymes that block fatty acid and ceramide production produce autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) and associated abnormalities in permeability barrier homeostasis. Yet, the basis for the phenotype in patients with NIPAL4 (ichthyin) mutations (among the most prevalent ARCI) remains unknown. Barrier function was abnormal in an index patient and in canines with homozygous NIPAL4 mutations, attributable to extensive membrane stripping, likely from detergent effects of nonesterified free FFA...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501739/protocol-for-exercise-program-in-cancer-and-cognition-epicc-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-cognitive-function-in-postmenopausal-women-with-breast-cancer-receiving-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy
#9
Amanda L Gentry, Kirk I Erickson, Susan M Sereika, Frances E Casillo, Mary E Crisafio, Patrick T Donahue, George A Grove, Anna L Marsland, Jennifer C Watt, Catherine M Bender
The Exercise Program in Cancer and Cognition (EPICC) Study is a randomized controlled trial designed to test the effects of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on cognitive function in postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer during the first six months of aromatase inhibitor therapy. It is estimated that up to 75% of survivors of breast cancer experience cognitive impairment related to disease and treatment. At present, there are no known interventions to improve or manage cognitive function for women with breast cancer...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493856/analysis-of-genotyping-for-predicting-liver-injury-marker-procollagen-iii-in-persons-at-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#10
Jane I Grove, Prarthana Thiagarajan, Stuart Astbury, Rebecca Harris, Toby Delahooke, I Neil Guha, Guruprasad P Aithal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic liver disease presents a major global public health challenge. Stratification of asymptomatic, at-risk patients in primary care using non-invasive methods has the potential to address this by identifying those likely to progress. We, therefore, evaluated variant alleles at loci associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease as genetic determinants of substantial liver injury in patients with disease risk factors. METHODS: Levels of serum procollagen III (PIIINP), an established fibrosis and steatohepatitis marker, were determined in 467 people who had type 2 diabetes and/or BMI > 27...
March 1, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493714/prevention-of-hand-eczema-effect-of-an-educational-program-versus-treatment-as-usual-results-of-the-randomized-clinical-prevex-trial
#11
Maja H Fisker, Niels E Ebbehøj, Søren Grove Vejlstrup, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jens Peter Bonde, Tove Agner
Objective Occupational hand eczema has adverse health and socioeconomic impacts for the afflicted individuals and society. Prevention and treatment strategies are needed. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention on sickness absence, quality of life and severity of hand eczema. Methods PREVEX (PreVention of EXema) is an individually randomized, parallel-group superiority trial investigating the pros and cons of one-time, 2-hour, group-based education in skin-protective behavior versus treatment as usual among patients with newly notified occupational hand eczema, with follow-up after one year...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483910/respiratory-disease-following-viral-lung-infection-alters-the-murine-gut-microbiota
#12
Helen T Groves, Leah Cuthbertson, Phillip James, Miriam F Moffatt, Michael J Cox, John S Tregoning
Alterations in the composition of the gut microbiota have profound effects on human health. Consequently, there is great interest in identifying, characterizing, and understanding factors that initiate these changes. Despite their high prevalence, studies have only recently begun to investigate how viral lung infections have an impact on the gut microbiota. There is also considerable interest in whether the gut microbiota could be manipulated during vaccination to improve efficacy. In this highly controlled study, we aimed to establish the effect of viral lung infection on gut microbiota composition and the gut environment using mouse models of common respiratory pathogens respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza virus...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478781/biallelic-mutations-in-atp5f1d-which-encodes-a-subunit-of-atp-synthase-cause-a-metabolic-disorder
#13
Monika Oláhová, Wan Hee Yoon, Kyle Thompson, Sharayu Jangam, Liliana Fernandez, Jean M Davidson, Jennifer E Kyle, Megan E Grove, Dianna G Fisk, Jennefer N Kohler, Matthew Holmes, Annika M Dries, Yong Huang, Chunli Zhao, Kévin Contrepois, Zachary Zappala, Laure Frésard, Daryl Waggott, Erika M Zink, Young-Mo Kim, Heino M Heyman, Kelly G Stratton, Bobbie-Jo M Webb-Robertson, Michael Snyder, Jason D Merker, Stephen B Montgomery, Paul G Fisher, René G Feichtinger, Johannes A Mayr, Julie Hall, Ines A Barbosa, Michael A Simpson, Charu Deshpande, Katrina M Waters, David M Koeller, Thomas O Metz, Andrew A Morris, Susan Schelley, Tina Cowan, Marisa W Friederich, Robert McFarland, Johan L K Van Hove, Gregory M Enns, Shinya Yamamoto, Euan A Ashley, Michael F Wangler, Robert W Taylor, Hugo J Bellen, Jonathan A Bernstein, Matthew T Wheeler
ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, δ subunit (ATP5F1D; formerly ATP5D) is a subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase and plays an important role in coupling proton translocation and ATP production. Here, we describe two individuals, each with homozygous missense variants in ATP5F1D, who presented with episodic lethargy, metabolic acidosis, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, and hyperammonemia. Subject 1, homozygous for c.245C>T (p.Pro82Leu), presented with recurrent metabolic decompensation starting in the neonatal period, and subject 2, homozygous for c...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457826/prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-professional-male-long-distance-bus-drivers-in-lagos-south-west-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Casmir E Amadi, Tim P Grove, Amam C Mbakwem, Obianuju B Ozoh, Oyewole A Kushimo, David A Wood, Michael Akinkunmi
BACKGROUND: Professional drivers are known to be at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study was carried out to highlight these risk factors and their predictors among male long-distance professional bus drivers in Lagos, south-west Nigeria, with a view to improving health awareness in this group. METHOD: Socio-demographic data, anthropometric indices, blood pressure, fasting plasma blood glucose levels and lipid and physical activity profiles of 293 drivers were measured...
February 19, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457790/cd163-macrophages-promote-angiogenesis-and-vascular-permeability-accompanied-by-inflammation-in-atherosclerosis
#15
Liang Guo, Hirokuni Akahori, Emanuel Harari, Samantha L Smith, Rohini Polavarapu, Vinit Karmali, Fumiyuki Otsuka, Rachel L Gannon, Ryan E Braumann, Megan H Dickinson, Anuj Gupta, Audrey L Jenkins, Michael J Lipinski, Johoon Kim, Peter Chhour, Paul S de Vries, Hiroyuki Jinnouchi, Robert Kutys, Hiroyoshi Mori, Matthew D Kutyna, Sho Torii, Atsushi Sakamoto, Cheol Ung Choi, Qi Cheng, Megan L Grove, Mariem A Sawan, Yin Zhang, Yihai Cao, Frank D Kolodgie, David P Cormode, Dan E Arking, Eric Boerwinkle, Alanna C Morrison, Jeanette Erdmann, Nona Sotoodehnia, Renu Virmani, Aloke V Finn
Intake of hemoglobin by the hemoglobin-haptoglobin receptor CD163 leads to a distinct alternative non-foam cell antiinflammatory macrophage phenotype that was previously considered atheroprotective. Here, we reveal an unexpected but important pathogenic role for these macrophages in atherosclerosis. Using human atherosclerotic samples, cultured cells, and a mouse model of advanced atherosclerosis, we investigated the role of intraplaque hemorrhage on macrophage function with respect to angiogenesis, vascular permeability, inflammation, and plaque progression...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445377/mouse-models-of-influenza-infection-with-circulating-strains-to-test-seasonal-vaccine-efficacy
#16
Helen T Groves, Jacqueline U McDonald, Pinky Langat, Ekaterina Kinnear, Paul Kellam, John McCauley, Joanna Ellis, Catherine Thompson, Ruth Elderfield, Lauren Parker, Wendy Barclay, John S Tregoning
Influenza virus infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The surface antigens of influenza virus change over time blunting both naturally acquired and vaccine induced adaptive immune protection. Viral antigenic drift is a major contributing factor to both the spread and disease burden of influenza. The aim of this study was to develop better infection models using clinically relevant, influenza strains to test vaccine induced protection. CB6F1 mice were infected with a range of influenza viruses and disease, inflammation, cell influx, and viral load were characterized after infection...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444092/the-impact-of-early-life-nutrition-and-housing-on-growth-and-reproduction-in-dairy-cattle
#17
G Curtis, C McGregor Argo, D Jones, D Grove-White
Contentious issues in calf rearing include milk feeding practices and single versus group housing. The current study was performed on a high producing 170 Holstein cow dairy farm, to investigate the impact of nutrition and housing on growth and reproduction. Heifer calves (n = 100) were allocated in birth order to one of two commonly used management strategies. All calves received 3-4 litres of dam specific colostrum within 6 hours of birth. Group A calves were group housed from birth and fed milk replacer (MR) ad libitum via a computerised machine utilising a single teat, with weaning commencing at 63 days of age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443391/human-papillomavirus-genome-integration-in-squamous-carcinogenesis-what-have-next-generation-sequencing-studies-taught-us
#18
REVIEW
Ian J Groves, Nicholas Coleman
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with ∼5% of all human cancers, including a range of squamous cell carcinomas. Persistent infection by high-risk HPVs (HRHPVs) is associated with the integration of virus genomes (which are usually stably maintained as extrachromosomal episomes) into host chromosomes. Although HRHPV integration rates differ across human sites of infection, this process appears to be an important event in HPV-associated neoplastic progression, leading to deregulation of virus oncogene expression, host gene expression modulation, and further genomic instability...
May 2018: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438767/diagnosis-and-management-of-pemphigus-recommendations-by-an-international-panel-of-experts
#19
Dedee F Murrell, Sandra Peña, Pascal Joly, Branka Marinovic, Takashi Hashimoto, Luis A Diaz, Animesh A Sinha, Aimee S Payne, Maryam Daneshpazhooh, Rüdiger Eming, Marcel F Jonkman, Daniel Mimouni, Luca Borradori, Soo-Chan Kim, Jun Yamagami, Julia S Lehman, Marwah Adly Saleh, Donna A Culton, Annette Czernik, John J Zone, David Fivenson, Hideyuki Ujiie, Katarzyna Wozniak, Ayşe Akman-Karakaş, Philippe Bernard, Neil J Korman, Frédéric Caux, Kossara Drenovska, Catherine Prost-Squarcioni, Snejina Vassileva, Ron J Feldman, Adela Rambi Cardones, Johann Bauer, Dimitrios Ioannides, Hana Jedlickova, Francis Palisson, Aikaterini Patsatsi, Soner Uzun, Savas Yayli, Detlef Zillikens, Masayuki Amagai, Michael Hertl, Enno Schmidt, Valeria Aoki, Sergei A Grando, Hiroshi Shimizu, Sharon Baum, Guiseppe Cianchini, Claudio Feliciani, Pilar Iranzo, Jose M Mascaró, Cezary Kowalewski, Russell Hall, Richard Groves, Karen E Harman, M Peter Marinkovich, Emanual Maverakis, Victoria P Werth
BACKGROUND: Several European countries recently developed international diagnostic and management guidelines for pemphigus, which have been instrumental in the standardization of pemphigus management, OBJECTIVE: We now present results from a subsequent Delphi consensus to broaden the generalizability of recommendations. METHODS: A preliminary survey, based on the European Dermatology Forum (EDF) and the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) guidelines, was sent to a panel of international experts to determine the level of consensus...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436039/cortical-structural-involvement-and-cognitive-dysfunction-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#20
J C Klein, M Rolinski, L Griffanti, K Szewczyk-Krolikowski, F Baig, C Ruffmann, A R Groves, R A L Menke, M T Hu, C Mackay
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in early Parkinson's disease (PD) have shown promise in the detection of disease-related brain changes in the white and deep grey matter. We set out to establish whether intrinsic cortical involvement in early PD can be detected with quantitative MRI. We collected a rich, multi-modal dataset, including diffusion MRI, T1 relaxometry and cortical morphometry, in 20 patients with early PD (disease duration, 1.9 ± 0.97 years, Hoehn & Yahr 1-2) and in 19 matched controls...
April 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
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