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Pediatric summer illness

F Wang, Y Qian, J Deng, Y Sun, L Q Zhao, R Tian, R N Zhu
Objective: To analyze and compare the epidemiological features of prevalent influenza A viruses in children in Beijing during 13 consecutive surveillance seasons from 2004 to 2017. Methods: This was a repeated cross section study. Throat swabs were collected weekly from children with influenza-like illnesses (ILI) who presented to the outpatient/emergency department of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics during the period from September, 2004 to August, 2017. All of the specimens were inoculated into Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells to isolate influenza viruses followed by identifying different types of influenza viruses with reference antisera by hemagglutination-inhibition assay...
June 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Megan Chang, Alan Sielaff, Stuart Bradin, Kevin Walker, Michael Ambrose, Andrew Hashikawa
OBJECTIVE: Children's summer camps are at risk for multiple pediatric casualties during a disaster. The degree to which summer camps have instituted disaster preparedness is unknown. We assessed disaster preparedness among selected camps nationally for a range of disasters. METHODS: We partnered with a national, web-based electronic health records system to send camp leadership of 315 camp organizations a 14-question online survey of disaster preparedness. One response from each camp was selected in the following order of importance: owner, director, physician, nurse, medical technician, office staff, and other...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
Holly M Biggs, Monica McNeal, W Allan Nix, Carolyn Kercsmar, Aaron T Curns, Beverly Connelly, Marilyn Rice, Shur-Wern Wang Chern, Mila M Prill, Nancy Back, M Steven Oberste, Susan I Gerber, Mary A Staat
Background: Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) caused a widespread outbreak of respiratory illness in the United States in 2014, predominantly affecting children. We describe EV-D68 rates, spectrum of illness, and risk factors from prospective, population-based acute respiratory illness (ARI) surveillance at a large US pediatric hospital. Methods: Children <13 years of age with ARI and residence in Hamilton County, Ohio were enrolled from the inpatient and emergency department (ED) settings at a children's hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio, from 1 July to 31 October 2014...
July 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Robyn Stremler, Summer Haddad, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Christopher Parshuram
Parents of children in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are subjected to significant psychological stress. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms and decisional conflict in parents of children hospitalized in the PICU. The study employed a descriptive, cross-sectional design to investigate the psychological status of 118 parents of 91 children (74 mothers and 44 fathers) admitted to the PICU, using measures of anxiety (STAI), depression (CES-D), and decisional conflict (DCS)...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Rechelle Tull, Christine Ahn, Alyssa Daniel, Gil Yosipovitch, Lindsay C Strowd
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), a lethal tick-borne illness, is prevalent in the south central United States. Children younger than 10 years old have the greatest risk of fatal outcome from RMSF. The objective of the current study was to review pediatric cases of RMSF seen in the dermatology consult service and to evaluate dermatology's role in the diagnosis and management of this disease. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of inpatient dermatology consultations at a tertiary care center in North Carolina from 2001 to 2011...
March 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Merav Weil, Michal Mandelboim, Ella Mendelson, Yossi Manor, Lester Shulman, Daniela Ram, Galia Barkai, Yonat Shemer, Dana Wolf, Zipi Kra-Oz, Leah Weiss, Rakefet Pando, Musa Hindiyeh, Danit Sofer
BACKGROUND: Since mid-August 2014, North America experienced a wide outbreak of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) associated with severe respiratory illness in children. Several other countries also reported cases of EV-D68 in 2014. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether EV-D68 circulated in Israel in 2014, caused severe respiratory illness in children and was the causative agent of Acute Flaccid Paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Archived clinical respiratory samples from a cohort of 710 hospitalized pediatric patient's (<10years old) with respiratory illness were screened for clade B specific EV-D68 by real-time PCR...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Sarah Körver, April Kinghorn, Joel Negin, Marci Shea-Perry, Alexandra L C Martiniuk
When a child is diagnosed with cancer, the entire family is affected by the demands of the illness and its treatment. This study aimed to provide a more nuanced understanding of the experience of parents of children with cancer when participating in therapeutic recreation programs (such as summer camp) and to address the specific knowledge gap of the role that camp may play in providing social support for these families. In particular, this study aimed to enroll mothers and fathers, as the voice of fathers has previously been missing in research about cancer camps...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Yelena P Wu, Jessica McPhail, Ryan Mooney, Alexandra Martiniuk, Michael D Amylon
Summer camps for pediatric cancer patients and their families are ubiquitous. However, there is relatively little research, particularly studies including more than one camp, documenting outcomes associated with children's participation in summer camp. The current cross-sectional study used a standardized measure to examine the role of demographic, illness, and camp factors in predicting children's oncology camp-related outcomes. In total, 2,114 children at 19 camps participated. Campers were asked to complete the pediatric camp outcome measure, which assesses camp-specific self-esteem, emotional, physical, and social functioning...
November 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Punkaj Gupta, Brandon W Beam, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti
OBJECTIVES: To describe the regionality and seasonality of respiratory syncytial virus-associated hospital and ICU admissions for 10 consecutive years using a national database. DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of data from an existing national database, Pediatric Health Information System. We modeled the adjusted odds of hospital and ICU admissions for varied seasons (fall, winter, spring, and summer) and regions (Northeast, South, Midwest, and West) using a mixed-effects logistic regression model after adjusting for several patient and center characteristics...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
James J Sejvar, Adriana S Lopez, Margaret M Cortese, Eyal Leshem, Daniel M Pastula, Lisa Miller, Carol Glaser, Anita Kambhampati, Kayoko Shioda, Negar Aliabadi, Marc Fischer, Nicole Gregoricus, Robert Lanciotti, W Allan Nix, Senthilkumar K Sakthivel, D Scott Schmid, Jane F Seward, Suxiang Tong, M Steven Oberste, Mark Pallansch, Daniel Feikin
BACKGROUND: During late summer/fall 2014, pediatric cases of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) occurred in the United States, coincident with a national outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)-associated severe respiratory illness. METHODS: Clinicians and health departments reported standardized clinical, epidemiologic, and radiologic information on AFM cases to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and submitted biological samples for testing. Cases were ≤21 years old, with acute onset of limb weakness 1 August-31 December 2014 and spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showing lesions predominantly restricted to gray matter...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Jennifer E Schuster, Jason G Newland
PURPOSE: Enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) is an uncommonly recognized cause of acute respiratory tract infections. During the late summer of 2014, an international EV-D68 outbreak occurred. We review the steps of outbreak recognition and management in the context of 1 hospital's experience with the EV-D68 outbreak. METHODS: We reviewed the role of Children's Mercy Hospital as one of the first hospitals to recognize the 2014 EV-D68 outbreak in the United States. The steps of outbreak management were applied to real-life examples as the outbreak unfolded at our hospital...
November 1, 2015: Clinical Therapeutics
Margaret W Bultas, Ashley D Schmuke, Vicki Moran, John Taylor
OBJECTIVE: There are approximately 18,400 youth who are newly diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in the United States each year. Because of the potential for hypoglycemia, frequent need to monitor blood glucose, and other medical care associated with T1DM, children may not be able to participate in the typical summer camp experience. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the impact of camp on the child's attitude toward their illness, (2) to evaluate the child's confidence in self-care management of their diabetes, (3) to assess the child's perception and satisfaction with the camp experience, and (4) to evaluate the perception of camp experience by the parents...
July 2016: Public Health Nursing
Salem Alkoshi, Kacey Ernst, Namaitijiang Maimaiti, Maznah Dahlui
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is a common infection causing 450,000 deaths annually primarily in children 5 years and below. Despite the high burden of disease, little is known about the epidemiology of rotavirus in Libya. The aim of this study was to estimate the rotavirus disease burden among Libyan children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out prospectively among children 5 years old and below between August 2012 and April 2013. Stool samples of children with diarrhea attending the outpatient department or admitted to the pediatric wards, at three public hospitals within the northwestern region of Libya were tested for rotavirus...
October 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Robert Dyrdak, Maria Rotzén-Östlund, Agneta Samuelson, Margareta Eriksson, Jan Albert
In 2014, an outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) was observed in North America, with cases of severe respiratory illness and a possible etiological link to cases of acute flaccid paralysis. EV-D68 has also been reported from European countries, but no data from Sweden are available. This study investigated respiratory specimens collected during July-October 2014 from 30 Swedish children aged 0-9 years who were positive for enterovirus and/or rhinovirus in routine clinical PCR. Seven samples were typed as EV-D68 by VP4/VP2 sequencing...
2015: Infectious Diseases
Jun Qiu, Xiao-Li Wu, Zheng-Hui Xiao, Xian Hu, Xue-Li Quan, Yi-Min Zhu
BACKGROUND: With the unequal distribution of medical resources in developing countries, critically ill children need to be transferred to tertiary hospitals from primary hospitals with limited resources. Although a large number of critically ill children are transferred each day in China, the standard process of inter-hospital transport is not formulated. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data collected during transport. A total number of 9231 patients (≤14 years) who had been transferred to the Hunan Children's Hospital by a specialized team from primary hospitals from January 1, 2009 to June 30, 2012 were included in the study...
February 2015: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Eric R Coon, Christopher G Maloney, Mark W Shen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Imperfect diagnostic tools make it difficult to know the extent to which a bacterial process is contributing to respiratory illness, complicating the decision to prescribe antibiotics. We sought to quantify diagnostic and antibiotic prescribing disagreements between emergency department (ED) and pediatric hospitalist physicians for children admitted with respiratory illness. METHODS: Manual chart review was used to identify testing, diagnostic, and antibiotic prescribing decisions for consecutive children admitted for respiratory illness in a winter (starting February 20, 2012) and a summer (starting August 20, 2012) season to a tertiary, freestanding children's hospital...
March 2015: Hospital Pediatrics
Kiran B Hebbar, Michael Wittkamp, Jessica A Alvarez, Courtney E McCracken, Vin Tangpricha
INTRODUCTION: The potential role for vitamin D in infection has been well described in adults. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D status and markers of innate immunity and infection in critically ill children. HYPOTHESIS: Vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in children with critical illness and correlated with the severity of illness and dysfunction in innate immunity...
December 1, 2014: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
Sangita Basnet, Shrijana Shrestha, Amrit Ghimire, Dipsal Timila, Jeena Gurung, Utkarsha Karki, Neelam Adhikari, Jennifer Andoh, Janak Koirala
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of hospitalization data can help elucidate the pattern of morbidity and mortality in any given area. Little data exist on critically ill children admitted to hospitals in the resource-limited nation of Nepal. We sought to characterize the profile, management, and mortality of children admitted to one PICU. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: A newly established PICU in Nepal. PATIENTS: All patients between the ages of 0 to 16 years admitted to the PICU from July 2009 to July 2010...
September 2014: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Karen Choong, Gary Foster, Douglas D Fraser, James S Hutchison, Ari R Joffe, Philippe A Jouvet, Kusum Menon, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Roxanne E Ward
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate acute rehabilitation practices in pediatric critical care units across Canada. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Six Canadian, tertiary care pediatric critical care units. PATIENTS/SUBJECTS: Six hundred children aged under 17 years admitted to pediatric critical care unit during a winter and summer month of 2011 with a greater than 24-hour length of stay. INTERVENTIONS: None...
July 2014: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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