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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905962/identifying-potential-differences-in-cause-of-death-coding-practices-across-russian-regions
#1
Inna Danilova, Vladimir M Shkolnikov, Dmitri A Jdanov, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
BACKGROUND: Reliable and comparable data on causes of death are crucial for public health analysis, but the usefulness of these data can be markedly diminished when the approach to coding is not standardized across territories and/or over time. Because the Russian system of producing information on causes of death is highly decentralized, there may be discrepancies in the coding practices employed across the country. In this study, we evaluate the uniformity of cause-of-death coding practices across Russian regions using an indirect method...
March 22, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903857/a-hyperpigmented-reticular-rash-in-a-patient-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
Andrew M South, Milene K Crispin, Ann L Marqueling, Scott M Sutherland
Chronically ill patients often develop uncommon exam findings. A 16-year-old female with end-stage renal disease secondary to immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis on peritoneal dialysis (PD) developed a pruritic, hyperpigmented reticular rash on her abdomen, sparing the PD catheter insertion site. The rash appeared approximately 6 weeks after initiating PD. She used a heating pad nightly during PD for dialysis drain pain. Testing for systemic and autoimmune disease was negative. She was referred to dermatology, where the diagnosis of erythema ab igne (EAI), a well-described but less well-known hyperpigmented reticular cutaneous eruption caused by chronic exposure to low levels of infrared heat, was confirmed...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890156/physiological-and-perceptual-effects-of-a-cooling-garment-during-simulated-industrial-work-in-the-heat
#3
Cory L Butts, Cody R Smith, Matthew S Ganio, Brendon P McDermott
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate physiological and perceptual responses using a phase change cooling (PCC) garment during simulated work in the heat. METHODS: Twenty males wearing compression undergarments, coverall suit, gloves, and hard-hat, completed two randomly assigned trials (with PCC inserts or control, CON) of simulated industrial tasks in the heat (34.2 ± 0.05 °C, 54.7 ± 0.3%RH). Trials consisted of two 20 min work bouts, a maximum performance bout, and 10 min of recovery...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881417/analysis-of-germination-capacity-and-inventarisation-of-germinant-receptor-sub-clusters-of-genome-sequenced-bacillus-cereus-environmental-isolates-and-model-strains
#4
Alicja K Warda, Yinghua Xiao, Jos Boekhorst, Marjon H J Wells-Bennik, Masja N Nierop Groot, Tjakko Abee
: Spore germination of 17 Bacillus cereus food isolates and reference strains was evaluated using flow cytometry analysis in combination with fluorescent staining at a single spore level. This approach allowed for rapid collection of germination data in more than 20 conditions including heat activation of spores, germination in complex media (BHI and TSB), and exposure to saturating concentrations of single amino acids and the combination of alanine and inosine. Whole genome sequence comparison revealed a total of eleven clusters of operons encoded germinant receptors (GRs); GerK, GerI and GerL were present in all strains, whereas GerR, GerS, GerG, GerQ, GerX, GerF, GerW and GerZ (sub)clusters showed a more diverse presence/absence in different strains...
November 23, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857960/heat-strain-during-military-training-activities-the-dilemma-of-balancing-force-protection-and-operational-capability
#5
Andrew P Hunt, Daniel C Billing, Mark J Patterson, Joanne N Caldwell
Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration limits. Thirty-seven soldiers conducted a march (10 km; ∼5...
April 2016: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857683/in-vitro-magnetic-stimulation-a-simple-stimulation-device-to-deliver-defined-low-intensity-electromagnetic-fields
#6
Stephanie Grehl, David Martina, Catherine Goyenvalle, Zhi-De Deng, Jennifer Rodger, Rachel M Sherrard
Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) by electromagnetic fields appears to benefit human neurological and psychiatric conditions, although the optimal stimulation parameters and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Although, in vitro studies have begun to elucidate cellular mechanisms, stimulation is delivered by a range of coils (from commercially available human stimulation coils to laboratory-built circuits) so that the electromagnetic fields induced within the tissue to produce the reported effects are ill-defined...
2016: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847416/infrared-thermography-a-potential-noninvasive-tool-to-monitor-udder-health-status-in-dairy-cows
#7
REVIEW
M Sathiyabarathi, S Jeyakumar, A Manimaran, G Jayaprakash, Heartwin A Pushpadass, M Sivaram, K P Ramesha, D N Das, Mukund A Kataktalware, M Arul Prakash, R Dhinesh Kumar
The animal husbandry and livestock sectors play a major role in the rural economy, especially for the small and marginal farmers. India has the largest livestock population in the world and ranks first in the milk production. Mastitis is the most common and expensive infectious disease in dairy cattle. The global economic losses per year due to mastitis amounts to USD 35 billion and for Indian dairy industry ₹6000 crores per year. Early detection of mastitis is very important to reduce the economic loss to the dairy farmers and dairy industry...
October 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843770/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-heat-and-moisture-exchangers-in-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-patients
#8
Mayra Goncalves Menegueti, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Altacilio Aparecido Nunes
BACKGROUND: Moisturizing, heating and filtering gases inspired via the mechanical ventilation (MV) circuits help to reduce the adverse effects of MV. However, there is still no consensus regarding whether these measures improve patient prognosis, shorten MV duration, decrease airway secretion and lower the incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) and other complications. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to study the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio associated with the use of heat and moisture exchangers (HME) filter to prevent VAP compared with the heated humidifiers (HH) presently adopted by intensive care unit (ICU) services within the Brazilian Healthcare Unified System...
August 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816842/parasite-to-patient-a-quantitative-risk-model-for-trichinella-spp-in-pork-and-wild-boar-meat
#9
Frits Franssen, Arno Swart, Joke van der Giessen, Arie Havelaar, Katsuhisa Takumi
Consumption of raw or inadequately cooked pork meat may result in trichinellosis, a human disease due to nematodes of the genus Trichinella. In many countries worldwide, individual control of pig carcasses at meat inspection is mandatory but incurs high costs in relation to absence of positive carcasses from pigs reared under controlled housing. EU regulation 2015/1375 implements an alternative risk-based approach, in view of absence of positive findings in pigs under controlled housing conditions. Moreover, Codex Alimentarius guidelines for the control of Trichinella spp...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816378/dull-brains-and-frozen-feet-a-historical-essay-on-cold
#10
Harvey V Lankford
This essay will review historical and medical aspects of cold exposure, hypothermia, and frostbite during the Napoleonic era. The 19th century writings of Dominique Jean Larrey, Pierre Jean Moricheau-Beaupré, and others are used to provide an evocative supporting narrative to illustrate some of the cold illnesses, physiology, and theory of both an earlier era and the present time. Medical care for over a century followed the how but not the why of treating frostbite and hypothermia slowly with snow or cold water rather than heat...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815238/strategies-and-factors-associated-with-preparing-for-competing-in-the-heat-a-cohort-study-at-the-2015-iaaf-world-athletics-championships
#11
Julien D Périard, Sébastien Racinais, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström, Armin Spreco, Jenny Jacobsson, Victor Bargoria, Karin Halje, Juan-Manuel Alonso
PURPOSE: Assess exertional heat illness (EHI) history and preparedness in athletes competing in a World Athletics Championships under hot/humid conditions and identify the factors associated with preparedness strategies. METHODS: Of the 207 registered national teams invited to participate in the study, 50 (24%) accepted. The 957 athletes (49% of all 1965 registered) in these teams were invited to complete a precompetition questionnaire evaluating EHI history, heat stress prevention (heat acclimatisation, precooling and hydration) and recovery...
November 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800449/molecular-typing-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolate-responsible-for-staphylococcal-poisoning-incident-in-homemade-food
#12
Guerrino Macori, Alberto Bellio, Daniela Manila Bianchi, Silvia Gallina, Daniela Adriano, Fabio Zuccon, Francesco Chiesa, Pier Luigi Acutis, Francesco Casalinuovo, Lucia Decastelli
In October 2012, two persons fell ill with symptoms consistent with staphylococcal food poisoning after eating home-canned tuna fish and tomatoes. Laboratory investigation detected the enterotoxins in the home-canned tuna and molecular analysis of the isolated Staphylococcus aureus confirmed it carried toxin genes. Qualitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and enzime linked fluorescent assay methods and quantitative assay identified the enterotoxins in the food leftovers, specifically staphylococcal enterotoxins type A (SEA) and D (SED), respectively 0...
April 19, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779310/exertional-heat-illness-and-acute-injury-related-to-ambient-wet-bulb-globe-temperature
#13
Ximena P Garzon-Villalba, Alfred Mbah, Yougui Wu, Michael Hiles, Hanna Moore, Skai W Schwartz, Thomas E Bernard
BACKGROUND: The Deepwater Horizon disaster cleanup effort provided an opportunity to examine the effects of ambient thermal conditions on exertional heat illness (EHI) and acute injury (AI). METHODS: The outcomes were daily person-based frequencies of EHI and AI. Exposures were maximum estimated WBGT (WBGTmax) and severity. Previous day's cumulative effect was assessed by introducing previous day's WBGTmax into the model. RESULTS: EHI and AI were higher in workers exposed above a WBGTmax of 20°C (RR 1...
December 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766472/delayed-vestibulopathy-after-heat-exposure
#14
Ileok Jung, Seo-Young Choi, Hyo-Jung Kim, Ji-Soo Kim
Even though dizziness is a common symptom of heat illness, comprehensive evaluation of the vestibular function has not been available in this potentially life-threatening disorder. Three patients developed vertigo about a week after heat exposure. Evaluation showed bilateral impairments of the vestibulo-ocular reflex during head impulses and the signs of vestibulocerebellar dysfunction that included spontaneous downbeat nystagmus, gaze-evoked nystagmus, and positional downbeat nystagmus. Exposure to excessive heat may give rise to delayed vestibulopathy by damaging the vestibulocerebellum...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748132/-the-influence-of-heat-shock-proteins-on-hepatic-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury
#15
Andrea Rostás, Ahmed Sabry, Subhamay Ghosh
Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury as a result of inflow obstruction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality associated with liver pathologies and surgery. Heat shock proteins, a family of stress-inducible proteins involved in maintaining cell homeostasis and regulating the immune system play a major role in liver regeneration. They serve as crucial indicators of ischemia-reperfusion injury in human liver and influence liver function and recovery. The primary objectives of this article are to review the potential role of heat shock proteins as a diagnostic marker for liver diseases and therapeutic target in critical illness...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747826/seasonal-and-geographic-variation-in-adverse-event-reporting
#16
Osvaldo Marrero, Eric Y Hung, Manfred Hauben
BACKGROUND: Many illnesses demonstrate seasonal and geographic variations. Pharmacovigilance is unique among public health surveillance systems in terms of the clinical diversity of the events under surveillance. Since many pharmacovigilance signal detection methodologies are geared towards looking for increased frequency of spontaneous adverse drug event (ADE) reporting over variable time frames, seasonality of ADEs may have implications for signal detection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a set of illnesses that might be expected to display seasonality in general, did so when spontaneously reported as ADEs...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737279/exertional-heat-stroke-and-american-football-what-the-team-physician-needs-to-know
#17
Jillian E Sylvester, Luke N Belval, Douglas J Casa, Francis G O'Connor
Football is recognized as a leading contributor to sports injury secondary to the contact collision nature of the endeavor. While direct deaths from head and spine injury remain a significant contributor to the number of catastrophic injuries, indirect deaths (systemic failure) predominate. Exertional heat stroke has emerged as one of the leading indirect causes of death in high school and collegiate football. This review details for the team physician the unique challenge of exercising in the heat to the football player, and the prevention, diagnosis, management, and return-to-play issues pertinent to exertional heat illnesses...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736776/dynamic-interactions-of-a-conserved-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-adhesin-with-intestinal-mucins-govern-epithelium-engagement-and-toxin-delivery
#18
Pardeep Kumar, F Matthew Kuhlmann, Kirandeep Bhullar, Hyungjun Yang, Bruce A Vallance, Lijun Xia, Qingwei Luo, James M Fleckenstein
At present, there is no vaccine for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), an important cause of diarrheal illness. Nevertheless, recent microbial pathogenesis studies have identified a number of molecules produced by ETEC that contribute to its virulence and are novel antigenic targets to complement canonical vaccine approaches. EtpA is a secreted two-partner adhesin that is conserved within the ETEC pathovar. EtpA interacts with the tips of ETEC flagella to promote bacterial adhesion, toxin delivery, and intestinal colonization by forming molecular bridges between the bacteria and the epithelial surface...
December 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720479/two-cases-of-thermal-burns-of-the-larynx-in-older-men
#19
Yukiyoshi Hyo, Kenji Fukutsuji, Hisaki Fukushima, Tamotsu Harada
Cases of thermal burns of the larynx in infants and in patients with mental illness have been reported, but those in older people are rare. We report two cases of thermal burns of the larynx in older people caused by ingestion of microwave-heated food (meat and potato stew or a bean-jam filled bun). Both patients were users of full dentures. Conservative therapy was effective in one patient, while tracheotomy was performed in the other patient at the time of the initial examination. Hot food is expelled from the mouth as a reflective response, preventing thermal burns of the larynx...
October 6, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716794/a-case-crossover-study-of-heat-exposure-and-injury-risk-in-outdoor-agricultural-workers
#20
June T Spector, David K Bonauto, Lianne Sheppard, Tania Busch-Isaksen, Miriam Calkins, Darrin Adams, Max Lieblich, Richard A Fenske
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that heat exposure may increase the risk of traumatic injuries. Published heat-related epidemiological studies have relied upon exposure data from individual weather stations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between heat exposure and traumatic injuries in outdoor agricultural workers exposed to ambient heat and internal heat generated by physical activity using modeled ambient exposure data. METHODS: A case-crossover study using time-stratified referent selection among 12,213 outdoor agricultural workers with new Washington State Fund workers' compensation traumatic injury claims between 2000 and 2012 was conducted...
2016: PloS One
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