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Speech language pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#1
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001275/speech-language-pathology-findings-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Nárli Machado-Nascimento, Arthur Melo E Kümmer, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To systematically review the scientific production on the relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Speech-language Pathology and to methodologically analyze the observational studies on the theme. Research strategies: Systematic review of the literature conducted at the databases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online (MEDLINE, USA), Literature of Latin America and the Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS, Brazil) and Spanish Bibliographic Index of Health Sciences (IBECS, Spain) using the descriptors: "Language", "Language Development", "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder", "ADHD" and "Auditory Perception"...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#3
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001270/speech-language-pathology-assessment-for-tracheal-decannulation-in-patients-suffering-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Isabel de Lima Zanata, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Jair Mendes Marques, Gisela Carmona Hirata, Daiane Aparecida Dos Santos
Purpose: To describe the effect of Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) management on the tracheal decannulation process in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Prospective controlled clinical study. Two groups of patients with TBI confirmed by computed axial tomography were included in the study group (G1) and control group (G2) composed of 30 individuals each, with 25 (83.3%) male and 5 (16.7%) female individuals in both groups. Patients' age ranged from 18 to 53 years old - mean age was 32 years...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993499/a-cepstral-analysis-of-normal-and-pathologic-voice-qualities-in-iranian-adults-a-comparative-study
#5
Arezoo Hasanvand, Abolfazl Salehi, Mona Ebrahimipour
INTRODUCTION: The use of frequency-based analysis as an accurate method of voice analysis motivated us to evaluate the voice qualities of healthy versus dysphonic Iranian people. METHODS: Two hundred normal and dysphonic participants aged between 20 and 50 years in either gender were divided into four different equal groups. For the tasks, 5-second prolongation of vowel /a/ and a sample of reading text were used for the analysis. "Speech Tool" software was employed for Cepstral peak prominence (CPP) and cepstral peak prominence-smoothed (CPPS) analyses...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982249/factors-associated-with-speech-language-disorders-in-motorcycle-accident-victims
#6
Maria Gabriella Pacheco da Silva, Vanessa de Lima Silva, Mirella Rodrigues Bezerra Vilela, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Ilka Veras Falcão, Ana Karina Pessoa da Silva Cabral, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima
Purpose: To investigate factors associated with speech-language disorders in victims of motorcycle accidents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Victims of motorcycle accidents studied were treated at Hospital da Restauração between June and July 2014. The data were collected by consulting the records and direct interviews with these, at admission and after discharge. For analysis were raised single frequencies, average and chi-square test or Fisher's exact test...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967287/early-therapy-services-following-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#7
Odochi Nwabara, Cynthia Rogers, Terrie Inder, Roberta Pineda
AIMS: To (1) characterize early therapy services for preterm infants in the first two years of life, and (2) define factors related to accessing early therapy services. METHODS: Therapy utilization after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was tracked in 57 infants born ≤30 weeks gestation from 2007 to 2010. Participants returned for developmental testing at two years. Factors related to early therapy utilization were explored. RESULTS: Fifty-two (91%) infants received a referral for therapy at NICU discharge but only 44 (77%) received at least one type of therapy during the first two years of life...
December 14, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942479/posterior-fossa-syndrome-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Salima S Wahab, Samantha Hettige, Kshtij Mankad, Kristian Aquilina
Posterior fossa syndrome (PFS), or cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS), is a collection of neurological symptoms that occur following surgical resection of a posterior fossa tumour, and is characterised by either a reduction or an absence of speech. Some authors suggest that CM is only one symptom of the CMS complex that also includes ataxia, hypotonia and irritability as well as cranial nerve deficits, neurobehavioral changes and urinary retention or incontinence. It is seen almost exclusively in children. In 1985 Rekate et al...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#9
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919475/language-disorders-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Stéphanie Renauld, Lyakout Mohamed-Saïd, Joël Macoir
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive impairments are common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), language impairments are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to examine the presence and nature of language disorders associated with MS. METHOD: A search of PubMed and PsycINFO databases was conducted using combinations of the following terms: language disorders, language pathology, language impairment, multiple sclerosis, communication, language and speech...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899341/quality-of-mobile-phone-and-tablet-mobile-apps-for-speech-sound-disorders-protocol-for-an-evidence-based-appraisal
#11
Lisa M Furlong, Meg E Morris, Shane Erickson, Tanya A Serry
BACKGROUND: Although mobile apps are readily available for speech sound disorders (SSD), their validity has not been systematically evaluated. This evidence-based appraisal will critically review and synthesize current evidence on available therapy apps for use by children with SSD. OBJECTIVE: The main aims are to (1) identify the types of apps currently available for Android and iOS mobile phones and tablets, and (2) to critique their design features and content using a structured quality appraisal tool...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884462/dual-neural-network-model-for-the-evolution-of-speech-and-language
#12
REVIEW
Steffen R Hage, Andreas Nieder
Explaining the evolution of speech and language poses one of the biggest challenges in biology. We propose a dual network model that posits a volitional articulatory motor network (VAMN) originating in the prefrontal cortex (PFC; including Broca's area) that cognitively controls vocal output of a phylogenetically conserved primary vocal motor network (PVMN) situated in subcortical structures. By comparing the connections between these two systems in human and nonhuman primate brains, we identify crucial biological preadaptations in monkeys for the emergence of a language system in humans...
December 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843007/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intensive-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-pediatric-feeding-disorders-how-standard-is-the-standard-of-care
#13
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837569/syllabo-a-new-tool-to-study-sublexical-phenomena-in-spoken-quebec-french
#14
Pascale Bédard, Anne-Marie Audet, Patrick Drouin, Johanna-Pascale Roy, Julie Rivard, Pascale Tremblay
Sublexical phonotactic regularities in language have a major impact on language development, as well as on speech processing and production throughout the entire lifespan. To understand the impact of phonotactic regularities on speech and language functions at the behavioral and neural levels, it is essential to have access to oral language corpora to study these complex phenomena in different languages. Yet, probably because of their complexity, oral language corpora remain less common than written language corpora...
November 11, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812673/culturally-diverse-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-students-majoring-in-speech-language-pathology
#15
Maria Claudia Franca, Linda McCabe Smith, Jane Luanne Nichols, Dianna Santos Balan
Purpose: Academic education in speech-language pathology should prepare students to provide professional services that mirror current knowledge, skills, and scope of practice in a pluralistic society. This study seeks to examine the impact of speech-language pathology (SLP) students prior multicultural experiences and previous formal education on attitudes and beliefs toward language diversity. Methods: A survey to investigate SLP students attitudes toward language diversity was applied...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797628/working-together-using-a-unique-approach-to-evaluate-an-interactive-and-clinic-based-longitudinal-interprofessional-education-experience-with-13-professions
#16
Britta M Thompson, Dale W Bratzler, Mark J Fisher, Amie Torres, Epic Faculty, Rhonda A Sparks
Interprofessional education (IPE) involving an interactive and longitudinal clinic experience at an inner-city charitable clinic from September to May 2013/2014 was evaluated. Pre-, mid-, and post-intervention data were collected from students in 13 different professions including medicine (medical and physician assistant), dentistry (dental and dental hygiene), nursing (undergraduate and clinical nurse specialist), public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional sciences, speech and language pathology, and social work...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787538/injection-pharyngoplasty-with-autologous-fat-as-treatment-for-stress-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-in-brass-and-woodwind-musicians
#17
Mausumi N Syamal, Paul C Bryson
Importance: Stress velopharyngeal insufficiency (SVPI) is an uncommon but often career-threatening condition affecting professional brass and woodwind musicians. Objectives: To review the evaluation of and treatment for SVPI in professional musicians with lipoinjection to the posterior pharyngeal wall. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective medical record and literature review. Two professional musicians with SVPI treated with autologous lipoinjection to the posterior pharyngeal wall were included...
October 27, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784033/a-usability-study-of-internet-based-therapy-for-naming-deficits-in-aphasia
#18
Tijana Simic, Carol Leonard, Laura Laird, Jennifer Cupit, Fiona Höbler, Elizabeth Rochon
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the usability of delivering the Phonological Components Analysis treatment for anomia (Leonard, Rochon, & Laird, 2008) remotely via the Internet to individuals with chronic poststroke aphasia. A secondary aim was to probe the experiences and satisfaction of clinicians in administering treatment at a distance. Method: Six individuals with mild-moderate aphasia and 2 trained clinicians participated in this usability study. Participants and clinicians underwent approximately 6 hr of treatment under observation by an independent observer...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774691/a-case-study-of-enhanced-clinical-care-enabled-by-aboriginal-health-research-the-hearing-ear-health-and-language-services-heals-project
#19
Christian Young, Hasantha Gunasekera, Kelvin Kong, Alison Purcell, Sumithra Muthayya, Frank Vincent, Darryl Wright, Raylene Gordon, Jennifer Bell, Guy Gillor, Julie Booker, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Allison Tong, Carmen Parter, Sandra Bailey, Sally Redman, Emily Banks, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate Hearing EAr health and Language Services (HEALS), a New South Wales (NSW) health initiative implemented in 2013 and 2014 as a model for enhanced clinical services arising from Aboriginal health research. METHODS: A case-study involving a mixed-methods evaluation of the origins and outcomes of HEALS, a collaboration among five NSW Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHS), the Sydney Children's Hospitals Network, NSW Health, the Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council, and local service providers...
December 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762632/the-role-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-adult-palliative-care
#20
Laura Chahda, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O'Malley's framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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