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Speech language pathology

Laura Chahda, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O'Malley's framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Hasantha Gunasekera, Simone Sherriff, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Jonathan C Craig
AIM: To describe the perspectives of health professionals and communities on an innovative health service delivery project, Hearing EAr health and Language Services (HEALS). HEALS was a government funded initiative to improve access to specialist ear, nose and throat and speech pathology services for Aboriginal families living in metropolitan areas. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 health-care professionals (clinicians, health service managers and Aboriginal health workers) and 16 care givers of children who participated in HEALS...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Pamela C Snow, Mary N Woodward
PURPOSE: Although a number of studies have described high rates of wide-ranging language difficulties in youth offender samples, minimal intervention research has been conducted with this population. The aim of this study was to implement a small-scale speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention study in a secure youth justice facility and to identify key practical challenges associated with conducting SLP interventions in youth custodial settings. METHOD: Six young males were recruited and underwent assessment via a range of standardised and self-report communication measures...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ivan Paul Bondoc, Viannery Mabag, Clarisse Anne Dacanay, Natasha Daryle Macapagal
PURPOSE: There is a need for speech-language pathology (SLP) research in the Philippines, in order to fill in knowledge gaps relevant to the local context. Information about the local SLP research status remains inadequate. This study describes local SLP research done over the almost past four decades. METHOD: Using a descriptive retrospective design, a search was made for all empirical research articles completed by Filipino SLPs from 1978 to 2015. RESULT: A total of 250 research articles were identified and described along several parameters...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Angela Hein Ciccia, Jennifer P Lundine, Alyssa Coreno
Purpose: Access to speech-language pathology (SLP) services is a critical variable in the rehabilitation of pediatric brain injury. In this study, we examined patterns of SLP referral and factors affecting referral during the acute period following brain injury in 2 large pediatric specialty hospitals. Method: In a retrospective, cohort chart review study, data collection focused on referrals made during the acute period using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for primary diagnoses of brain injury between 2007 and 2014 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014)...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Claire Croteau
People with aphasia (PWA) and their loved ones claim that one of their biggest needs is to develop efficient means to communicate better "together". Researchers suggest that conversation partner training (CPT), a training for a PWA and a loved one aiming to use communication strategies in conversations, would be most promising regarding this need (e.g. Simmons-Mackie et al., 2010). The purpose of this presentation is to report the development and the home services organisation of the social speech-language pathology part of the "service aux proches d'une personne aphasique" (SAPPA; services to caregivers of a person with aphasia)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sheena Reilly, Megan Harper, Sharon Goldfeld
An inability or difficulty communicating can have a profound impact on a child's future ability to participate in society as a productive adult. Over the past few years the number of interventions for children with speech and language problems has almost doubled; the majority are targeted interventions delivered by speech pathologists. In this paper we examine the distribution of speech pathology services in metropolitan Melbourne and how these are aligned with need as defined by vulnerability in language and social disadvantage...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: There has been debate about labels in relation to speech and language impairments. However, children's views are missing from this debate, which is risky considering that labels with negative associations may result in stigma. The aim of this study was to explore the range of identities which children with primary speech and language impairments presented in their narratives and to investigate their evaluations of these identities with a view to understanding the values they attach to labels...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anna F Rumbach, Rebecca Cremer, Astra Chatwood, Sari Fink, Sadaf Haider, Michelle Yee
Purpose: Dysphagia is common sequelae of chemical ingestion injury, resulting from damage to critical swallowing structures. From a speech-language pathology perspective, this study outlines the physiological deficits in 2 individuals with severe injury (1 woman, acid; 1 man, alkali) and the pattern of dysphagia rehabilitation and recovery. Method: A retrospective chart review of clinical and instrumental assessments was conducted to examine swallow characteristics and speech-language pathology management (compensatory and rehabilitation strategies) at multiple time points...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lauren J Taylor, Valsamma Eapen, Murray T Maybery, Sue Midford, Jessica Paynter, Lyndsay Quarmby, Timothy Smith, Katrina Williams, Andrew J O Whitehouse
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no agreed Australian standard for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) even though there are specific diagnostic services available. We suspected inconsistency in the diagnostic practices of health professionals in Australia and aimed to assess these practices across the nation by surveying all relevant professional groups. DESIGN: In this study, we completed a survey of 173 health professionals whose clinical practice includes participating in the diagnostic process for ASD in Australia...
2016: BMJ Open
Hayley Estrem, Britt F Pados, Jinhee Park, Kathleen A Knafl, Suzanne M Thoyre
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of pediatric feeding problems. BACKGROUND: Reviews of the literature on pediatric feeding problems and disorders repeatedly reference the lack of a shared conceptualization of feeding problems. It is difficult to track etiology, prevalence and incidence of a phenomena when available definitions and diagnoses lack practical utility. DESIGN: An evolutionary concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in October 2014 of Google Scholar, CINAHL, PubMed and Web of Science databases, with MeSH terms and key words including: failure to thrive, feeding disorder/difficulty/problems, infantile anorexia, oral aversion, mealtime behavior and dysphagia...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Carly Meyer, Deborah Theodoros, Louise Hickson
PURPOSE: To explore speech pathology services for people with Down syndrome across the lifespan. METHOD: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in Australia were invited to complete an online survey, which enquired about the speech pathology services they had provided to client/s with Down syndrome in the past 12 months. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULT: A total of 390 SLPs completed the survey; 62% reported seeing a client with Down syndrome in the past 12 months...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Cynthia Blanton, Jennifer K Brooks, Laura McKnight
Negative attitudes toward people with high body weight have been documented in pre-professional health students, prompting concern that such feelings may manifest as poor patient care in professional practice. This study assessed weight bias in university students in the non-physician health professions. A convenience sample of 206 students completed an online survey composed of a validated 14-item scale (1-5 lowest to highest weight bias) and questions regarding personal experiences of weight bias. Respondents were grouped by discipline within graduate and undergraduate levels...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Stacy Gallese Cassel, Amy J Hadley Edd
Telepractice is the application of telecommunications technology to the delivery of telehealth services via the online connection of clinicians, clients, and patients for assessment, intervention, or consultation. This article describes a pilot project in which speech-language pathology students in a university training program gained experience in working with culturally diverse preschool students using telepractice technology. The preschool students benefited by making gains in communication skills, while the university students acquired competency in the use of telepractice and in working with children whose cultural and linguistic backgrounds were outside of their experience...
2016: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
Jenane Topanotti da Cunha, Giselle Massi, Ana Cristina Guarinello, Francine Martins Pereira
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the perceptions of users of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) about the treatment Center where they were assisted, as well as about the speech-language pathology services rendered by this Center. METHODS: This is a transversal study composed of an interview with 26 open questions and 14 closed questions applied to 111 individuals who were assisted at the SUS Center in August 2013. The quantitative content analysis was conducted through the use of the GraphPadPrisma 5...
July 2016: CoDAS
Lynn Marty Grames, Mary Blount Stahl
PROBLEM:   Children with cleft-related articulation disorders receive ineffectual or inappropriate speech therapy locally due to lack of training and a disconnect between the team and local speech-language pathologists. SOLUTION:   A collaborative care program that is billable for the team allows the local speech-language pathologist to earn continuing education units and facilitates effective local speech therapy. This program is the first of its kind, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Continuing Education Board for Speech Pathology...
August 16, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Giselle Massi, Dayane Roberta de França, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Angela Ribas, Vinícios Duarte Fonseca, Ana Cristina Guarinello, Nadine de Biagi Ziesemer
BACKGROUND: Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare disorder with different levels of severity due to congenital head and face abnormalities which affect language, orofacial musculature, voice and breadth, suction, chewing and swallowing functions. AIMS: This paper objectifies to report a Treacher Collins syndrome patient, describing phonoaudiological changes that can be found in individuals suffering from this syndrome. METHODS & PROCEDURES: The study was carried out with a male child at a teaching Speech Language Pathology clinic in Southern Brazil...
2016: International Tinnitus Journal
Sophie Brassel, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Elise Elbourn, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Brian MacWhinney, Lyn Turkstra, Audrey Holland, Leanne Togher
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nature and patterns of conversational topics discussed by individuals with severe TBI and familiar communication partners at 3 and 6 months post-injury, and to examine changes occurring in conversational topics during sub-acute recovery. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative content analysis was used to explore the nature of topics and generate conversational themes. Topic analysis provided an understanding of conversational topic management by identifying patterns of topic initiation and maintenance...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Laura Baroncelli, Angelo Molinaro, Francesco Cacciante, Maria Grazia Alessandrì, Debora Napoli, Elena Putignano, Jonida Tola, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Giovanni Cioni, Tommaso Pizzorusso
Mutations in the creatine (Cr) transporter (CrT) gene lead to cerebral creatine deficiency syndrome-1 (CCDS1), an X-linked metabolic disorder characterized by cerebral Cr deficiency causing intellectual disability, seizures, movement and autistic-like behavioral disturbances, language and speech impairment. Since no data are available about the neural and molecular underpinnings of this disease, we performed a longitudinal analysis of behavioral and pathological alterations associated with CrT deficiency in a CCDS1 mouse model...
July 27, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Boaz M Ben-David, Michal Icht
BACKGROUND: Oral-diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) tasks are extensively used in the evaluation of motor speech abilities. Currently, validated normative data for older adults (aged 65 years and older) are missing in Hebrew. The effect of task stimuli (non-word versus real-word repetition) is also non-clear in the population of older adult Hebrew speakers. AIMS: (1) To establish a norm for oral-DDK rate for older adult (aged 65 years and older) Hebrew speakers, and to investigate the possible effect of age and gender on performance rate; and (2) to examine the effects of stimuli (non-word versus real word) on oral-DDK rates...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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