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Speech language pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325162/an-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-the-rehabilitation-department-using-the-veterans-affairs-root-cause-analysis-system
#1
Gregory W Hagley, Peter D Mills, Brian Shiner, Robin R Hemphill
Background: Root cause analyses (RCA) are often completed in health care settings to determine causes of adverse events (AEs). RCAs result in action plans designed to mitigate future patient harm. National reviews of RCA reports have assessed the safety of numerous health care settings and suggested opportunities for improvement. However, few studies have assessed the safety of receiving care from physical therapists, occupational therapists, or speech and language pathology pathologists...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317007/growing-health-partnerships-in-rural-and-remote-communities-what-drives-the-joint-efforts-of-primary-schools-and-universities-in-maintaining-service-learning-partnerships
#2
Sue Kirby, Fabian P Held, Debra Jones, David Lyle
Aim This study explored the partnership between universities and local primary schools to deliver a classroom-based paediatric communication impairment service provided by undergraduate speech pathology students. It aimed to understand how partnerships work to facilitate programme replication. BACKGROUND: The partners included universities sending students on rural clinical placement, local host academic units and primary schools who worked together to provide paediatric speech and language services in primary schools in three sites in Australia...
January 10, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309493/rates-of-amyloid-imaging-positivity-in-patients-with-primary-progressive-aphasia
#3
Miguel A Santos-Santos, Gil D Rabinovici, Leonardo Iaccarino, Nagehan Ayakta, Gautam Tammewar, Iryna Lobach, Maya L Henry, Isabel Hubbard, Maria Luisa Mandelli, Edoardo Spinelli, Zachary A Miller, Peter S Pressman, James P O'Neil, Pia Ghosh, Andreas Lazaris, Marita Meyer, Christa Watson, Soo Jin Yoon, Howard J Rosen, Lea Grinberg, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, William J Jagust, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini
Importance: The ability to predict the pathology underlying different neurodegenerative syndromes is of critical importance owing to the advent of molecule-specific therapies. Objective: To determine the rates of positron emission tomography (PET) amyloid positivity in the main clinical variants of primary progressive aphasia (PPA). Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective clinical-pathologic case series was conducted at a tertiary research clinic specialized in cognitive disorders...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297737/bringing-interprofessional-case-based-learning-into-the-classroom-for-occupational-therapy-and-speech-language-pathology-students
#4
Sarah E Wallace, Jeryl D Benson
Instructors are increasingly integrating interprofessional education (IPE) activities into academic programs to address curricular demands. IPE aims to increase the quality of collaborative services provided to patients. This article describes a case-based IPE activity designed for occupational therapy and speech-language pathology graduate students. This activity was designed as a small-scale integration of IPE to compliment large scale, multi-discipline learning activities. Students from two courses participated in an IPE activity that included one online and one in-class activity...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290547/the-influence-of-noise-on-the-vocal-dose-in-women
#5
Alessandra Terra Vasconcelos Rabelo, Juliana Nunes Santos, Bárbara Oliveira Souza, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama, Max de Castro Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate if noise interferes with the vocal dose in women without vocal complaints. STUDY DESIGN: This is an experimental and comparative study. METHODS: Data were collected on 27 women between 22 and 50 years of age without vocal complaints in a university classroom. Speech-language pathology evaluation was performed employing auditory-perceptual analysis and a vocal symptom questionnaire. The acoustics of the classroom were evaluated via both observation of the characteristics of the room and the quantification of background noise and reverberation time...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284504/self-help-and-help-seeking-for-communication-disability-in-ghana-implications-for-the-development-of-communication-disability-rehabilitation-services
#6
Karen Wylie, Lindy McAllister, Bronwyn Davidson, Julie Marshall, Clement Amponsah, Josephine Ohenewa Bampoe
BACKGROUND: In low and middle-income countries, such as Ghana, communication disability is poorly recognised and rehabilitation services for people with communication disability are limited. As rehabilitation services for communication disability develop, and the profession of speech-language pathology grows, it is important to consider how services can most appropriately respond to the needs and preferences of the community. Understanding the ways in which people currently self-help and seek help for communication disability is central to developing services that build on existing local practices and are relevant to the community...
December 29, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283669/systems-thinking-and-systems-based-practice-across-the-health-professions-an-inquiry-into-definitions-teaching-practices-and-assessment
#7
Margaret M Plack, Ellen F Goldman, Andrea R Scott, Christine Pintz, Debra Herrmann, Kathleen Kline, Tracey Thompson, Shelley B Brundage
Phenomenon: Systems thinking is the cornerstone of systems-based practice (SBP) and a core competency in medicine and health sciences. Literature regarding how to teach or apply systems thinking in practice is limited. This study aimed to understand how educators in medicine, physical therapy, physician assistant, nursing, and speech-language pathology education programs teach and assess systems thinking and SBP. APPROACH: Twenty-six educators from seven different degree programs across the five professions were interviewed and program descriptions and relevant course syllabi were reviewed...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242920/delivering-bad-news-attitudes-feelings-and-practice-characteristics-among-speech-language-pathologists
#8
Rinat Gold, Azgad Gold
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes, feelings, and practice characteristics of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in Israel regarding the subject of delivering bad news. Method: One hundred and seventy-three Israeli SLPs answered an online survey. Respondents represented SLPs in Israel in all stages of vocational experience, with varying academic degrees, from a variety of employment settings. The survey addressed emotions involved in the process of delivering bad news, training on this subject, and background information of the respondents...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238451/a-survey-of-telepractice-in-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-in-india
#9
Haritha S Mohan, Ayesha Anjum, Prema K S Rao
Telepractice has emerged as a form of service delivery to assess and treat individuals with communication disorders. The present study surveyed speech-language pathologists and audiologists in India about the use of telepractice. Two hundred and five (N=205) speech-language pathologists and audiologists responded to a questionnaire, with 12.19% reporting their use of telepractice to deliver clinical services. Respondents also indicated an urgent shortage of professionals in India to deliver clinical services in speech-language pathology and audiology, and opined that these needs can be met via the use of telepractice...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238446/results-of-a-survey-offering-clinical-insights-into-speech-language-pathology-telepractice-methods
#10
Elizabeth U Grillo
A telepractice survey was administered to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Special Interest Group 18 Telepractice affiliates and attendees of the Waldo County General Hospital Speech-Language Pathology Telepractice Training program in Maine, USA over the summer of 2016. Sixty-seven respondents completed the survey. The survey explored demographics of clients and clinicians, costs and equipment, learning opportunities, use of the client's environment and caregivers/e-helpers, and method adaptations in telepractice...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236902/evaluation-of-speech-language-pathology-care-in-the-family-health-strategy-from-user-perspective
#11
Loise Elena Zanin, Izabelle Mont'Alverne Napoleão Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Melo Carneiro, Daniel Hardy Melo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the satisfaction of users assisted by speech-language pathologists during their Multi-professional Residency in Family Health, considering the structural, organizational and relational categories. METHODS: Qualitative assessment conducted with 30 Family Health Strategy (FHS) users. Data were analyzed using Bardin's content analysis. RESULTS: The organizational category presented aspects associated with the organization of speech-language pathology (SLP) services, describing the specific practice and role of speech-language therapists in the FHS, as well as referral and waiting time for care, speech-language therapy actions, clarification of problems, and promotion of self-care...
December 7, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223687/effect-of-control-samples-and-listener-attributes-on-speech-naturalness-ratings-of-people-who-stutter
#12
Brenda Carey, Shane Erickson, Susan Block
PURPOSE: Speech restructuring treatment can effectively reduce stuttering but the resultant speech may sound unnatural. Martin et al. (1984) speech naturalness scale is widely used by clinicians and researchers, yet little is known about whether including normally fluent speech samples alters the judgement of the naturalness of speech samples of people who stutter, and whether attributes of listeners - specifically training and sex - influence ratings. METHODS: In this study 20 untrained listeners (male and female) and 19 speech language pathology students (female only) rated either the naturalness of 21 speech samples from adults who stutter obtained post-treatment, or the same 21 post-treatment samples randomly mixed with samples of 21 samples from normally fluent speakers matched for age and sex...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204783/the-impact-of-rehabilitative-interventions-on-quality-of-life-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-of-personal-experiences-of-individuals-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Ammarah Y Soofi, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Michelle E Kho, Lori Letts
BACKGROUND: The nature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is progressive and degenerative, thus influencing individuals physically, emotionally, and socially. A broad review of qualitative studies that describe the personal experiences of people with ALS with physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech and language pathology interventions, and how those affect QoL is warranted. PURPOSE: This study synthesizes qualitative research regarding the potential that rehabilitation interventions have to maintain and/or improve QoL from the perspective of people with ALS...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202598/speech-language-pathologists-as-determiners-of-the-human-right-to-diversity-in-communication-for-school-children-in-the-us
#14
Audrey M Farrugia-Bernard
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression - the right to communication. Communication is at the core of the speech-language pathology (SLP) profession. Yet, while we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights some of our most vulnerable youth are being placed in special education at disproportional rates. School-based SLPs in the United States may be unwittingly contributing to this phenomenon, obstructing the human right to communication because of biased assessment procedures...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202171/the-multiple-mini-interview-a-possible-solution-to-problems-associated-with-the-interview-processes-for-a-selected-entry-allied-health-program
#15
P Y Cope, Sally Clendon, Tom Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised about the effectiveness of traditional semi-structured interviews in selected entry allied health programs in terms of whether they give applicants the best opportunity to demonstrate their personal qualities and whether the process itself is overly intimidating and impersonal. This in turn raises questions about the reliability and validity of interviews. In this study, a possible alternative process was examined, the multiple mini-interview (MMI)...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201333/development-of-the-arabic-voice-pathology-database-and-its-evaluation-by-using-speech-features-and-machine-learning-algorithms
#16
Tamer A Mesallam, Mohamed Farahat, Khalid H Malki, Mansour Alsulaiman, Zulfiqar Ali, Ahmed Al-Nasheri, Ghulam Muhammad
A voice disorder database is an essential element in doing research on automatic voice disorder detection and classification. Ethnicity affects the voice characteristics of a person, and so it is necessary to develop a database by collecting the voice samples of the targeted ethnic group. This will enhance the chances of arriving at a global solution for the accurate and reliable diagnosis of voice disorders by understanding the characteristics of a local group. Motivated by such idea, an Arabic voice pathology database (AVPD) is designed and developed in this study by recording three vowels, running speech, and isolated words...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195723/a-non-language-specific-speech-test-to-evaluate-the-speech-of-cleft-patients-from-different-language-and-cultural-backgrounds-a-pilot-study
#17
Heiko Cornelis Kleinfeld, Ann Christina Foldenauer, Mehrangiz Ghassemi, Ali Modabber, Bijan Movahedian Attar, Syed Sayeed Ahmed, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube, Alireza Ghassemi
Cleft speech tests are not universally available. We developed a tool to fill this gap, especially in the context of a cleft mission setting. We performed a pilot study to evaluate the test's ability to differentiate between the speech of cleft patients and healthy individuals from three different language backgrounds. We used 78 made-up, nonsensical syllables to evaluate hypernasality, nasal emissions, and consonant errors. Cleft (n = 41) and non-cleft (n = 39) individuals from three countries were included in this study...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192805/social-participation-for-people-with-communication-disability-in-coffee-shops-and-restaurants-is-a-human-right
#18
Clare Carroll, Nicole Guinan, Libby Kinneen, Denise Mulheir, Hannah Loughnane, Orla Joyce, Elaine Higgins, Emma Boyle, Margaret Mullarney, Rena Lyons
Although Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "everyone has a right to freedom of opinion and expression", for people with communication disability this may not be a reality. This commentary shares a practical example of how people with communication disabilities together with speech-language pathology (SLP) students, academics and clinical staff co-designed and co-implemented a Communication Awareness Training Programme for catering staff to enable communication access in coffee shops and restaurants...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192799/communication-as-a-human-right-citizenship-politics-and-the-role-of-the-speech-language-pathologist
#19
Declan Murphy, Rena Lyons, Clare Carroll, Mari Caulfield, Gráinne De Paor
According to Article 19 of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers." The purpose of this paper is to elucidate communication as a human right in the life of a young man called Declan who has Down syndrome. This commentary paper is co-written by Declan, his sister who is a speech-language pathologist (SLP) with an advocacy role, his SLP, and academics...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184592/an-interprofessional-education-pilot-study-for-nursing-and-speech-language-pathology-students
#20
Akhtar E Ghassemi, Renee Fabus
Background: Despite the complexity of patient care and promise of interprofessional collaboration in health professional educational programs, interprofessional education and practice implementation challenges exist. Materials and Methods: A pilot study with a nonequivalent comparison before/after design was conducted to examine undergraduate students' and graduate students' knowledge of the role of nurses and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) while working with patients diagnosed with dysphagia...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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