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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343991/trends-and-inequities-in-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-indonesia-1986-2012
#1
Herfina Y Nababan, Md Hasan, Tiara Marthias, Rolina Dhital, Aminur Rahman, Iqbal Anwar
Purpose: Overall health status indicators have improved significantly over the past three decades in Indonesia. However, the country's maternal mortality ratio remains high with a stark inequality by region. Fewer studies have explored access inequity in maternal health care service over time using multiple inequality markers. In this study, we analyzed Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data to explore trends and inequities in use of any antenatal care (ANC), four or more ANC (ANC4+), institutional birth, and cesarean section (c-section) birth in Indonesia during 1986-2012 to inform policy for future strategies ending preventable maternal deaths...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343307/informed-choice-and-female-sterilization-in-south-asia-and-latin-america
#2
Apoorva Jadhav, Emily Vala-Haynes
Globally, female sterilization is one of the most popular contraceptive methods despite concerns about quality of care for women who report being sterilized. In this study, informed choice among sterilized women was quantified using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from 2000 to 2012 for countries in South Asia and Latin America. Three responses measured informed choice and knowledge about whether women were informed by a health worker or provider: that sterilization is permanent, the potential side-effects of sterilization and other methods of contraception...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331020/human-phenotypes-caused-by-piezo1-mutations-one-gene-two-overlapping-phenotypes
#3
Silvia Martin-Almedina, Sahar Mansour, Pia Ostergaard
PIEZO1 is a large mechanosensitive ion channel protein. Diseases associated with PIEZO1 include autosomal recessive Generalised Lymphatic Dysplasia of Fotiou (GLDF) and autosomal dominant Dehydrated Hereditary Stomatocytosis with or without pseudohyperkalemia and/or perinatal oedema (DHS). The two disorders show overlapping features, fetal hydrops/perinatal oedema have been reported in both. Electrophysiological studies suggest opposite mechanisms of action, the mutations identified in GLDF patients cause a loss-of-function mechanism of disease and mutations in DHS patients cause gain-of-function...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331010/implants-for-extracapsular-neck-of-femur-fracture-dynamic-hip-screw-versus-intramedullary-nailing
#4
Faisal Farooq Butt, Adnan Shabbair Hussain, Ahmed Mushtaq Khan, Maria Sultan
Neck of femur fractures are the most prevalent type of injury in elderly trauma patients. Both intra and extra capsular type of fractures are equally distributed in the given population. Traditionally, Extra capsular fractures are fixed with Dynamic Hip screw or Intra medullary nailing based on the type of fracture. NICE (National Institute of Clinical Excellence) recommends fixing 31-A1 and 31-A2 fractures with DHS (Dynamic Hip Screw) whereas AO recommends fixing 31-A1 with DHS and 31-A2.1 subtype with DHS and 31-A2...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328132/digital-hologram-transformations-for-rgb-color-holographic-display-with-independent-image-magnification-and-translation-in-3d
#5
Piotr L Makowski, Weronika Zaperty, Tomasz Kozacki
A new framework for in-plane transformations of digital holograms (DHs) is proposed, which provides improved control over basic geometrical features of holographic images reconstructed optically in full color. The method is based on a Fourier hologram equivalent of the adaptive affine transformation technique [Opt. Express18, 8806 (2010)OPEXFF1094-408710.1364/OE.18.008806]. The solution includes four elementary geometrical transformations that can be performed independently on a full-color 3D image reconstructed from an RGB hologram: (i) transverse magnification; (ii) axial translation with minimized distortion; (iii) transverse translation; and (iv) viewing angle rotation...
January 1, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324087/spousal-age-differences-and-violence-against-women-in-nigeria-and-tanzania
#6
Chibuogwu Izugbara
Much research has been conducted on the extent of violence against women (VAW) and the underlying risk factors associated with VAW. Unfortunately, research into the implications of spousal age-related factors for VAW remains underexplored. This study explored the implications of spousal age gaps for VAW in Tanzania and Nigeria. Data from the 2008 Nigeria (n = 33,385) and 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) (n = 10,139) for women aged 15-49 years were used. We used univariate and multivariate statistical analyses to assess the relationship between VAW and spousal age-related contextual factors...
January 11, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316992/child-nutritional-status-in-egypt-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-socioeconomic-determinants-using-a-quantile-regression-approach
#7
Mesbah Fathy Sharaf, Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour, Ahmed Shoukry Rashad
This study examined the underlying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of child nutritional status in Egypt using data from the most recent round of the Demographic and Health Survey. The height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) was used as a measure of child growth. A quantile regression approach was used to allow for a heterogeneous effect of each determinant along different percentiles of the conditional distribution of the HAZ. A nationally representative sample of 13,682 children aged 0-4 years was drawn from the 2014 Egypt DHS...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313263/genome-incompatibility-between-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-and-sea-trout-salmo-trutta-and-induction-of-the-interspecies-gynogenesis
#8
Marcin Polonis, Takafumi Fujimoto, Stefan Dobosz, Tomasz Zalewski, Konrad Ocalewicz
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and sea trout (Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758) show large karyotypic differences and their hybrid offspring is not viable due to unstable karyotype and chromosome fragmentation. However, gametes from these two species were used to induce gynogenetic development. Rainbow trout eggs activated by UV-irradiated sea trout sperm were subjected to high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) shock to prevent release of the 2nd polar body (early shock) or to inhibit the first cleavage (late shock) in order to produce diploid meiotic gynogenotes and gynogenetic doubled haploids (DHs), respectively...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309582/associations-between-key-intervention-coverage-and-child-mortality-an-analysis-of-241-sub-national-regions-of-sub-saharan-africa
#9
Yoko Akachi, Maria Steenland, Günther Fink
Background: Reducing child mortality remains a key objective in the Sustainable Development Goals. Although remarkable progress has been made with respect to under-5 mortality over the last 25 years, little is known regarding the relative contributions of public health interventions and general improvements in socioeconomic status during this time period. Methods: We combined all available data from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to construct a longitudinal, multi-level dataset with information on subnational-level key intervention coverage, household socioeconomic status and child health outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306634/an-automated-gas-chromatographic-mass-spectrometric-method-for-the-quantitative-analysis-of-the-odor-active-molecules-present-in-the-vapors-emanated-from-wine
#10
Yan Wen, Ricardo Lopez, Vicente Ferreira
An automated dynamic headspace (DHS) method combined with thermal desorption (TD) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been developed and applied to characterize the composition of the vapors emanating from wine during its consumption. The method provides a snapshot of the contents in the wine vapors of up to 40 relevant aroma compounds, including methanethiol, sulfur dioxide, aldehydes, fusel alcohols or volatile phenols. Leaving aside methanethiol, method repeatability was better than 15%, and better than 11% in 30 cases...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305491/local-sequence-features-that-influence-ap-1-cis-regulatory-activity
#11
Hemangi G Chaudhari, Barak A Cohen
In the genome, most occurrences of transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) have no cis-regulatory activity, which suggests that flanking sequences contain information that distinguishes functional from non-functional TFBS. We interrogated the role of flanking sequences near Activator Protein 1 (AP-1) binding sites that reside in DNase I Hypersensitive Sites (DHS) and regions annotated as Enhancers. In these regions we found that sequence features directly adjacent to the core motif distinguish high from low activity AP-1 sites...
January 5, 2018: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280273/causal-relationship-of-hepatic-fat-with-liver-damage-and-insulin-resistance-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver
#12
P Dongiovanni, S Stender, A Pietrelli, R M Mancina, A Cespiati, S Petta, S Pelusi, P Pingitore, S Badiali, M Maggioni, V Mannisto, S Grimaudo, R M Pipitone, J Pihlajamaki, A Craxi, M Taube, L M S Carlsson, S Fargion, S Romeo, J Kozlitina, L Valenti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is epidemiologically associated with hepatic and metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether hepatic fat accumulation has a causal role in determining liver damage and insulin resistance. METHODS: We performed a Mendelian randomization analysis using risk alleles in PNPLA3, TM6SF2, GCKR and MBOAT7, and a polygenic risk score for hepatic fat, as instruments. We evaluated complementary cohorts of at-risk individuals and individuals from the general population: 1515 from the liver biopsy cohort (LBC), 3329 from the Swedish Obese Subjects Study (SOS) and 4570 from the population-based Dallas Heart Study (DHS)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280145/comparative-analysis-of-volatile-compound-profiles-of-propolis-from-different-provenances
#13
Lina G Mohtar, Sergio A Rodríguez, Mónica A Nazareno
BACKGROUND: Propolis is a complex mixture that honey bees produce from the exudates of various plants and presents many medicinal properties. Its chemical compositions varies according to the phytogeography characteristics of each region, among others. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in Venezuelan propolis and compare with reference samples such as Brazilian and Argentinian ones. RESULTS: A total of 90 VOCs were identified in a series of propolis samples using both Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) and Dynamic Headspace (DHS), both coupled to C-EI-MS...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250972/mass-media-exposure-and-modern-contraceptive-use-among-married-west-african-adolescents
#14
Jennifer Jacobs, Miguel Marino, Alison Edelman, Jeffrey Jensen, Blair Darney
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether family planning (FP) messaging is reaching married adolescent women in West Africa, and whether such messaging is associated with increased contraceptive use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We utilised data from the 2010 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for Burkina Faso and Senegal (women 15-49; N = 17,067 and N = 15,688, respectively). We used chi-square tests to evaluate whether FP messaging exposure (via TV, radio, and/or print) differed according to socio-demographic characteristics...
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250931/cis-acting-dna-elements-flanking-the-variable-major-protein-expression-site-of-borrelia-hermsii-are-required-for-murine-persistence
#15
Allison E James, Artem S Rogovskyy, Michael A Crowley, Troy Bankhead
In Borrelia hermsii, antigenic variation occurs as a result of a nonreciprocal gene conversion event that places one of ~60 silent variable major protein genes downstream of a single, transcriptionally active promoter. The upstream homology sequence (UHS) and downstream homology sequence (DHS) are two putative cis-acting DNA elements that have been predicted to serve as crossover points for homologous recombination. In this report, a targeted deletion/in cis complementation technique was used to directly evaluate the role for these elements in antigenic switching...
December 17, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249319/innate-immune-responses-of-equine-monocytes-cultured-in-equine-platelet-lysate
#16
Maria C Naskou, Natalie A Norton, Ian B Copland, Jacques Galipeau, John F Peroni
Platelet lysate (PL) has been extensively used for the laboratory expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in order to avoid fetal bovine serum (FBS) which has been associated with immune-mediated host reactions and transmission of bovine-origin microbial contaminants. Before suggesting the routine use of PL for MSC culture, we wanted to further investigate whether PL alone might trigger inflammatory responses when exposed to reactive white blood cells such as monocytes. Our objectives were to evaluate the inflammatory profile of equine monocytes cultured with equine PL (ePL) and to determine if ePL can modulate the expression of inflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated monocytes...
January 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248265/predictors-of-measles-vaccination-coverage-among-children-6-59%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#17
Hayley R Ashbaugh, Nicole A Hoff, Reena H Doshi, Vivian H Alfonso, Adva Gadoth, Patrick Mukadi, Emile Okitolonda-Wemakoy, Jean Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum, Sue K Gerber, James D Cherry, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: Measles is a significant contributor to child mortality in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), despite routine immunization programs and supplementary immunization activities (SIA). Further, national immunization coverage levels may hide disparities among certain groups of children, making effective measles control even more challenging. This study describes measles vaccination coverage and reporting methods and identifies predictors of vaccination among children participating in the 2013-2014 DRC Demographic and Health Survey (DHS)...
December 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246158/a-deep-sequencing-approach-to-estimate-plasmodium-falciparum-complexity-of-infection-coi-and-explore-apical-membrane-antigen-1-diversity
#18
Robin H Miller, Nicholas J Hathaway, Oksana Kharabora, Kashamuka Mwandagalirwa, Antoinette Tshefu, Steven R Meshnick, Steve M Taylor, Jonathan J Juliano, V Ann Stewart, Jeffrey A Bailey
BACKGROUND: Humans living in regions with high falciparum malaria transmission intensity harbour multi-strain infections comprised of several genetically distinct malaria haplotypes. The number of distinct malaria parasite haplotypes identified from an infected human host at a given time is referred to as the complexity of infection (COI). In this study, an amplicon-based deep sequencing method targeting the Plasmodium falciparum apical membrane antigen 1 (pfama1) was utilized to (1) investigate the relationship between P...
December 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244192/daily-hassles-score-associates-with-the-somatic-and-psychological-health-of-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#19
Orly Sarid, Vered Slonim-Nevo, Ruslan Sergienko, Avihu Pereg, Elena Chernin, Terri Singer, Dan Greenberg, Doron Schwartz, Hillel Vardi, Michael Friger, Shmuel Odes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of daily hassles with the somatic and psychological health of Crohn's disease (CD) patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 400 self-selected adult CD patients was performed with completion of demographic, medical, and psychosocial questionnaires: economic status; Patient Harvey-Bradshaw Index of disease activity; Daily Hassles Scale (DHS); Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) and Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 Physical and Mental Health) quality of life measures; Brief Symptom Inventory of psychological stress with summary Global Severity Index (GSI); Family Assessment Device; and List of Threatening Life Experiences...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237723/the-e3-ligase-drought-hypersensitive-negatively-regulates-cuticular-wax-biosynthesis-by-promoting-the-degradation-of-transcription-factor-roc4-in-rice
#20
Zhenyu Wang, Xiaojie Tian, Qingzhen Zhao, Zhiqi Liu, Xiufeng Li, Yuekun Ren, Jiaqi Tang, Jun Fang, Qijiang Xu, Qingyun Bu
Cuticular wax plays crucial roles in protecting plants from environmental stresses, particularly drought stress. Many enzyme-encoding genes and transcription factors involved in wax biosynthesis have been identified, but the underlying posttranslational regulatory mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that DROUGHT HYPERSENSITIVE (DHS), encoding a Really Interesting New Gene (RING)-type protein, is a critical regulator of wax biosynthesis in rice (Oryza sativa). The cuticular wax contents were significantly reduced in DHS overexpression plants but increased in dhs mutants compared to the wild type, which resulted in a response opposite that of drought stress...
December 13, 2017: Plant Cell
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