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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783149/potential-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-quality-evaluation-of-cattle-leather
#1
Carlos Eduardo M Braz, Manuel Antonio C Jacinto, Edenir R Pereira-Filho, Gilberto B Souza, Ana Rita A Nogueira
Models using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were constructed based on physical-mechanical tests to determine the quality of cattle leather. The following official parameters were used, considering the industry requirements: tensile strength (TS), percentage elongation (%E), tear strength (TT), and double hole tear strength (DHS). Classification models were constructed with the use of k-nearest neighbor (kNN), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)...
May 9, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773085/psychometric-properties-of-dispositional-hope-scale-for-brazilian-sport-context
#2
Caio Rosas Moreira, José Roberto Andrade Nascimento-Junior, Renan Codonhato, Lenamar Fiorese
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS) for the Brazilian sport context. The sample for construct validity consisted of 474 athletes; internal validity was assessed with 101 athletes; and external validity was tested in 81 athletes, from which, were 55 had further participated in the temporal stability assessment. Data analysis was conducted through the following tests: Cronbach's alpha, Composite Reliability (CR), Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), Spearman Correlation Coefficient and intraclass correlation...
May 18, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770060/setting-the-stage-for-expanding-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-use-in-canada
#3
EDITORIAL
M Hull, Dhs Tan
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection continues to disproportionately affect vulnerable populations in Canada; particularly men who have sex with men (MSM). Novel HIV prevention strategies have recently expanded from the use of non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) after high risk exposures to the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in which individuals reduce risk of HIV infection through use of combination antiretrovirals taken prior to risk exposure. With approval of tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) for use as PrEP only in early 2016, and with limited public funding to date, uptake in Canada is in its preliminary stages...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768195/reprogramming-of-chromatin-accessibility-in-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-is-dna-replication-independent
#4
Mohamed Nadhir Djekidel, Azusa Inoue, Shogo Matoba, Tsukasa Suzuki, Chunxia Zhang, Falong Lu, Lan Jiang, Yi Zhang
Mammalian oocytes have the ability to reset the transcriptional program of differentiated somatic cells into that of totipotent embryos through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). However, the mechanisms underlying SCNT-mediated reprogramming are largely unknown. To understand the mechanisms governing chromatin reprogramming during SCNT, we profiled DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) in donor cumulus cells and one-cell stage SCNT embryos. To our surprise, the chromatin accessibility landscape of the donor cells is drastically changed to recapitulate that of the in vitro fertilization (IVF)-derived zygotes within 12 hr...
May 15, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750787/distributional-change-of-women-s-adult-height-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-over-the-past-half-century-an-observational-study-using-cross-sectional-survey-data
#5
Jewel Gausman, Ivan Meija Guevara, S V Subramanian, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: Adult height reflects childhood circumstances and is associated with health, longevity, and maternal-fetal outcomes. Mean height is an important population metric, and declines in height have occurred in several low- and middle-income countries, especially in Africa, over the last several decades. This study examines changes at the population level in the distribution of height over time across a broad range of low- and middle-income countries during the past half century...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749632/the-stability-paradox-why-expansion-of-women-s-education-has-not-delayed-early-union-formation-or-childbearing-in-latin-america
#6
Albert Esteve, Elizabeth Florez-Paredes
Despite substantial improvements in women's education, the age at which Latin American women marry (cohabit) or become mothers for the first time has barely decreased over the past four decades. We refer to this as the "stability paradox." We examine the relationship between years of schooling and transitions to first union or child, analyzing retrospective information from 50 cohorts of women born between 1940 and 1989 in 12 Latin American countries. Absolute and relative measures of schooling are compared...
May 11, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745741/teaching-basic-trauma-validating-fluorosim-a-digital-fluoroscopic-simulator-for-guide-wire-insertion-in-hip-surgery
#7
Kapil Sugand, Robert A Wescott, Richard Carrington, Alister Hart, Bernard H Van Duren
Background and purpose - Simulation is an adjunct to surgical education. However, nothing can accurately simulate fluoroscopic procedures in orthopedic trauma. Current options for training with fluoroscopy are either intraoperative, which risks radiation, or use of expensive and unrealistic virtual reality simulators. We introduce FluoroSim, an inexpensive digital fluoroscopy simulator without the need for radiation. Patients and methods - This was a multicenter study with 26 surgeons in which everyone completed 1 attempt at inserting a guide-wire into a femoral dry bone using surgical equipment and FluoroSim...
May 10, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743039/male-partner-attendance-at-antenatal-care-and-adherence-to-antenatal-care-guidelines-secondary-analysis-of-2011-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#8
Faye Forbes, Karen Wynter, Catherine Wade, Berihun M Zeleke, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Complications during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period present a significant and complex public health problem in low income countries such as Ethiopia. One strategy endorsed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to improve maternal and child health outcomes is to encourage male partner involvement in pregnancy care. This research aimed to explore the relationships between 1) male attendance at antenatal care and 2) socio-economic and women's empowerment factors and adherence to focused antenatal care guidelines among women receiving care in Ethiopia...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#9
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739844/nursing-administrators-views-on-oral-health-in-long-term-care-facilities-an-exploratory-study
#10
Janelle Y Urata, Elizabeth T Couch, Margaret M Walsh, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of supervising nurse administrators (SNAs) regarding the oral care provided to long-term care facility (LTCF) residents and the role of dental professionals in those facilities. Methods: The investigators of this study partnered with the National Association of Nursing Administrators to send this cross-sectional study consisting of a 35-item electronic survey to its members whose email addresses were in their database. Online software tabulated responses and calculated frequencies (percentages) of responses for each survey item...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738977/high-rate-anaerobic-treatment-system-for-solid-lipid-rich-wastewater-using-anaerobic-baffled-reactor-with-scum-recovery
#11
Takuya Fujihira, Shogo Seo, Takashi Yamaguchi, Masashi Hatamoto, Daisuke Tanikawa
A laboratory scale experiment was conducted to investigate the treatment of solid/lipid-rich wastewater with an anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) and a down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor. In this study, experimental periods were divided into three phases to explore efficient treatment of solids and lipids in wastewater. In ABR, >90% of the influent chemical oxygen demand (COD) was removed and >70% of the removed COD was converted to methane under steady-state conditions during each phase. During this period, >4...
April 27, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#12
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731113/enhancing-immunization-during-second-year-of-life-by-reducing-missed-opportunities-for-vaccinations-in-46-countries
#13
Celina M Hanson, Imran Mirza, Richard Kumapley, Ikechukwu Ogbuanu, Robert Kezaala, Robin Nandy
BACKGROUND: Delivering vaccination services during the second year of life (2YL)1 provides countries with an opportunity to achieve greater coverage, to provide booster doses and vaccines missed during the first year of life, as well as contribute towards disease control and elimination goals. METHODS: Using data from demographic health surveys (DHSs) conducted during 2010 to 2016, this paper explores the proportion of missed opportunities for vaccinations generally provided during routine immunization among children in their 2YL...
May 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725511/outcome-of-primary-cemented-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-compared-with-dynamic-hip-screw-in-elderly-patients-with-unstable-intertrochanteric-fracture
#14
Y N Gashi, A S Elhadi, I M Elbushra
Introduction: Although the treatment of choice for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients has been internal fixation for a long time, several studies have shown mechanical and technical failures. Primary cemented bipolar (PCB) hemiarthroplasty has been proposed as an alternative with some advantages concerning earlier mobilization and minimal postoperative complications. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cohort hospital-based study conducted at three tertiary hospitals over a period of two years...
March 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723253/why-some-women-fail-to-give-birth-at-health-facilities-a-comparative-study-between-ethiopia-and-nigeria
#15
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Olalekan A Uthman, Agbessi Amouzou
BACKGROUND: Obstetric complications and maternal deaths can be prevented through safe delivery process. Facility based delivery significantly reduces maternal mortality by increasing women's access to skilled personnel attendance. However, in sub-Saharan Africa, most deliveries take place without skilled attendants and outside health facilities. Utilization of facility-based delivery is affected by socio-cultural norms and several other factors including cost, long distance, accessibility and availability of quality services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717342/a-novel-approach-for-toluene-gas-treatment-using-a-downflow-hanging-sponge-reactor
#16
Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Syoichiro Nakamura, Masashi Hatamoto, Eisuke Tamura, Daisuke Tanikawa, Shuji Kawakami, Akinobu Nakamura, Kaoru Kato, Akihiro Nagano, Takashi Yamaguchi
A novel gas-scrubbing bioreactor based on a downflow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor was developed as a new volatile organic compound (VOC) treatment system. In this study, the effects of varying the space velocity and gas/liquid ratio were investigated to assess the effectiveness of using toluene gas as a model VOC. Under optimal conditions, the toluene removal rate was greater than 80%, and the maximum elimination capacity was observed at approximately 13 g-C m-3  h-1 . The DHS reactor demonstrated slight pressure loss (20 Pa) and a high concentration of suspended solids (up to 30,000 mg/L-sponge)...
May 1, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710025/-a-survivor-of-hodgkin-lymphoma-manifesting-dropped-head-syndrome-as-a-late-onset-complication-of-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#17
Misako Kaido, Yoshihito Yuasa, Hiroshi Ikeda
We report the case of a 50-year-old female survivor of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), who developed dropped head syndrome (DHS). The patient was diagnosed with HL at 20 years of age, and underwent chemo-radiotherapy, which led to complete remission. Undergoing supplemental therapy for post-radiation hypothyroidism, she had twin babies. She noticed white stains on her neck at the age of 30, and the decolored area gradually expanded. Sixteen years after the radiotherapy (RT), her posterior neck muscle strength began to decline...
April 28, 2018: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704127/correlation-between-femoral-offset-loss-and-dynamic-hip-screw-cut-out-complications-after-pertrochanteric-fractures-a-case-control-study
#18
Baptiste Boukebous, Pascal Guillon, Eric Vandenbussche, Marc Antoine Rousseau
BACKGROUND: Screw-plates disassembly incidence after pertrochanteric fracture (PF) amounts to 1 and 16% among the elderly population. The main occurrence is early cervical screw cut-out. The population at highest risk of disassembly remains difficult to identify. The correlation between femoral offset loss and disassembly occurrence has never been surveyed. OBJECTIVES: A radiological prognosis score for screw plate disassembly was defined to reflect trochanteric impaction (TI); it was based on a femoral offset ratio...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702244/hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-family-proteins-on-lipid-droplets-through-bacteria-c-elegans-and-mammals
#19
Yangli Liu, Shimeng Xu, Congyan Zhang, Xiaotong Zhu, Mirza Ahmed Hammad, Xuelin Zhang, Mark Christian, Hong Zhang, Pingsheng Liu
Lipid droplets (LDs) are the main fat storing sites in almost all species from bacteria to humans. The perilipin family has been found as LD proteins in mammals, Drosophila, and a couple of slime molds, but no bacterial LD proteins containing sequence conservation were identified. In this study, we reported that the hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) family was found on LDs across all organisms by LD proteomic analysis. Imaging experiments confirmed LD targeting of three representative HSD proteins including ro01416 in RHA1, DHS-3 in C...
April 24, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694431/the-timing-of-growth-faltering-has-important-implications-for-observational-analyses-of-the-underlying-determinants-of-nutrition-outcomes
#20
Harold Alderman, Derek Headey
BACKGROUND: Growth faltering largely occurs in the first 23 months after birth and is thought to be largely determined by various harmful or protective socioeconomic conditions. Children 23 months or younger, however, have only been partially exposed to these conditions, implying that statistical associations between these conditions and child growth may be substantially smaller in samples that include younger children. OBJECTIVES: To test the prediction that associations between child anthropometric outcomes and various socioeconomic conditions are systematically different for older and younger children...
2018: PloS One
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