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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143453/professional-competencies-and-work-related-support-in-relation-to-periodontal-therapy-and-work-satisfaction-a-questionnaire-study-among-swedish-dental-hygienists
#1
A Liss, A Y Alian, J L Wennström, K H Abrahamsson
OBJECTIVES: To analyse dental hygienists' (DHs) views on professional competencies and behavioural interventions in the treatment of periodontitis patients, perceived work-related support and work satisfaction. METHODS: A Web-based questionnaire was distributed to all DHs employed at the public dental service in the county of Västra Götaland, Sweden. 302 (83%) responded to the questionnaire; 291 of these DHs stated that they on regular basis treated periodontitis patients and thus constituted the sample for analyses...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140584/the-association-between-female-genital-fistula-symptoms-and-gender-based-violence-a-multi-country-secondary-analysis-of-household-survey-data
#2
Lindsay Mallick, Vandana Tripathi
OBJECTIVE: The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula. This study sought to examine associations between self-reported fistula symptoms and experience of gender-based violence (GBV) among women interviewed in DHS surveys. METHODS: This study used data from thirteen DHS surveys with standardized fistula and domestic violence modules...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133111/effect-of-oral-contraception-on-anemia-in-12-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
S Bellizzi, M M Ali
CONTEXT: In low and middle-income countries anaemia is a major public health issue in women of reproductive age for a series of factors including iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence of anemia and to assess the association of low level of haemoglobin versus duration of use of oral contraceptives (OC). METHODS: Demographic and health survey (DHS) of 12 countries, conducted between 2005 and 2012, were analyzed. The status of anemia was separately evaluated for non-pregnant women using OC for at least six months, one year, and two years, and for women using no method of contraception and/or using non-hormonal contraception...
November 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129872/comparison-of-the-extractabilities-of-tetrachloro-and-tetrabromopalladate-ii-ions-with-a-thiodiglycolamide-compound
#4
Hirokazu Narita, Motoki Maeda, Chiharu Tokoro, Tomoya Suzuki, Mikiya Tanaka, Ryuhei Motokawa, Hideaki Shiwaku, Tsuyoshi Yaita
Using N,N,N',N'-tetra-2-ethylhexyl-thiodiglycolamide (TEHTDGA) in n-dodecane as the extractant, we compared the percentages of Pd(II) extracted from HCl and HBr solutions, and analyzed the structures of the Pd(II)-extractant complexes. For comparison, similar experiments were performed with di-n-hexyl sulfide (DHS), a well-known sulfide-type extractant. TEHTDGA extracted Pd(II) from both HCl and HBr solutions much faster than DHS. The Pd(II)/(TEHTDGA or DHS) stoichiometry in the organic phase was 1:2. For TEHTDGA, the extractability of Pd(II) from HBr solution was inferior to that from HCl solution, whereas the opposite was true for DHS...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125087/examining-temporal-shifts-in-the-proximate-determinants-of-fertility-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Erin Rogers, Rob Stephenson
Targeting reductions in fertility remains a key development goal, as too-high fertility hampers the economic and health prosperity of low- and middle-income countries. However, critical to the success of gaining reductions in fertility is the ability to understand the factors that are shaping fertility, and to understand the factors that are acting to keep fertility levels high. To contribute to this understanding, this study applied the Bongaarts (2015) adjusted proximate determinants of fertility model to 33 low- and middle-income countries using data collected from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) programme between 2000 and 2016...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122845/ascending-aortic-dimensions-in-former-national-football-league-athletes
#6
James L Gentry, David Carruthers, Parag H Joshi, Christopher D Maroules, Colby R Ayers, James A de Lemos, Philip Aagaard, Rory Hachamovitch, Milind Y Desai, Eric E Roselli, Reginald E Dunn, Kezia Alexander, Andrew E Lincoln, Andrew M Tucker, Dermot M Phelan
BACKGROUND: Ascending aortic dimensions are slightly larger in young competitive athletes compared with sedentary controls, but rarely >40 mm. Whether this finding translates to aortic enlargement in older, former athletes is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study involved a sample of 206 former National Football League (NFL) athletes compared with 759 male subjects from the DHS-2 (Dallas Heart Study-2; mean age of 57.1 and 53.6 years, respectively, P<0...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107891/elevated-blood-pressure-and-household-solid-fuel-use-in-premenopausal-women-analysis-of-12-demographic-and-health-surveys-dhs-from-10-countries
#7
Raphael E Arku, Majid Ezzati, Jill Baumgartner, Günther Fink, Bin Zhou, Perry Hystad, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Approximately three billion people are exposed to household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel cookstoves. Studies from single settings have linked HAP with elevated blood pressure (BP), but no evidence exists from multi-country analyses. OBJECTIVES: Using nationally representative and internationally comparable data, we examined the association between solid fuel use and BP in 77,605 largely premenopausal women (aged 15-49) from ten resource-poor countries...
November 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106531/medicaid-savings-from-the-new-york-university-caregiver-intervention-for-families-with-dementia
#8
Steven S Foldes, James P Moriarty, Paul H Farseth, Mary S Mittelman, Kirsten Hall Long
Purpose of the study: The economic burden of dementia is substantially borne by state Medicaid programs. We estimated savings, from the state payer perspective, from offering the New York University Caregiver Intervention (NYUCI), a well-studied caregiver support and counseling program, to eligible Minnesota Medicaid enrollees. Design and Methods: A population-based microsimulation Markov model predicted and compared costs over 15 years with and without implementation of the NYUCI for family caregivers of community-based Medicaid eligibles with dementia...
July 5, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103927/three-dimensional-gait-analysis-reveals-dynamic-alignment-change-in-a-patient-with-dropped-head-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Kousei Miura, Hideki Kadone, Masao Koda, Hiroshi Kumagai, Katsuya Nagashima, Kengo Fujii, Hiroshi Noguchi, Toru Funayama, Tetsuya Abe, Takeo Furuya, Masashi Yamazaki
Dropped head syndrome (DHS) is a cervical kyphotic deformity caused by apparent weakness of the neck extensor muscles. We often encounter patients whose symptoms, including impaired forward vision and neck pain, deteriorate while walking. This is the first report of a case of dynamic spinal alignment change in a patient with DHS during walking using three-dimensional gait analysis. A 78-year-old Japanese woman complained of impaired forward vision and neck pain while walking. Her radiograph showed severe cervical kyphosis...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103388/women-s-education-and-utilization-of-maternal-health-services-in-africa-a-multi-country-and-socioeconomic-status-analysis
#10
Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Joshua Amo-Adjei, Dickson Amugsi, Joyce Mumah, Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Donatien Beguy
There is an abundant literature on the relationship between women's education and maternal and child outcomes, including antenatal and postnatal care, onset of antenatal care and skilled birth attendance. However, few studies have adopted the 'equity' lens, despite increasing evidence that inequities between rich and poor are increasing although maternal and child mortality is declining. This study examined the differential effects of women's education within different socioeconomic strata in Africa. The most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria and Zimbabwe were used...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103331/cesarean-section-in-ethiopia-prevalence-and-sociodemographic-characteristics
#11
Engida Yisma, Lisa G Smithers, John W Lynch, Ben W Mol
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics of cesarean section in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used data collected for Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in 2000, 2005, 2011 and 2016. A two-stage, stratified, clustered random sampling design was used to gather information from women who gave birth within the 5-year period before each of the surveys. We analyzed the data to identify sociodemographic characteristics associated with cesarean section using log-Poisson regression models...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097284/mechanism-of-radioprotection-by-dihydroxy-1-selenolane-dhs-effect-of-fatty-acid-conjugation-and-role-of-glutathione-peroxidase-gpx
#12
Prachi Verma, Amit Kunwar, Kenta Arai, Michio Iwaoka, K Indira Priyadarsini
Dihydroxy-1-selenolane (DHS) previously reported to exhibit radioprotective activity was investigated to understand its mechanism of action in CHO cells of epithelial origin. DHS pre-treatment at 25 μM for 16 h significantly protected CHO cells from radiation (4-11 Gy)-induced delayed mitotic cell death. Further to examine, how increased cellular uptake can influence this mechanism, studies have been performed with DHS-C6, a lipophilic conjugate of DHS. Accordingly CHO cells pre-treated with DHS-C6, showed increased survival against radiation exposure...
October 30, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093662/tmc2-modifies-permeation-properties-of-the-mechanoelectrical-transducer-channel-in-early-postnatal-mouse-cochlear-outer-hair-cells
#13
Laura F Corns, Jing-Yi Jeng, Guy P Richardson, Corné J Kros, Walter Marcotti
The ability of cochlear hair cells to convert sound into receptor potentials relies on the mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) channels present in their stereociliary bundles. There is strong evidence implying that transmembrane channel-like protein (TMC) 1 contributes to the pore-forming subunit of the mature MET channel, yet its expression is delayed (~>P5 in apical outer hair cells, OHCs) compared to the onset of mechanotransduction (~P1). Instead, the temporal expression of TMC2 coincides with this onset, indicating that it could be part of the immature MET channel...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092960/quantification-of-3-ketodihydrosphingosine-using-hplc-esi-ms-ms-to-study-spt-activity-in-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#14
Jihui Ren, Justin Snider, Michael V Airola, Aaron Zhong, Nadia A Rana, Lina M Obeid, Yusuf A Hannun
Serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of condensation of L-serine and palmitoyl-CoA to form 3-ketodihydrosphingosine (3KDS). Here we report a HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method to directly quantify 3KDS generated by SPT. With this technique we were able to detect 3KDS at a level comparable to that of dihydrosphingosine (DHS) in yeast S.cerevisiae. An in vitro SPT assay measuring the incorporation of deuterated serine into deuterated 3KDS was developed. The results show that SPT kinetics in response to palmitoyl-CoA fit into an allosteric sigmoidal model, suggesting the existence of more than one palmitoyl-CoA binding site on yeast SPT and positive cooperativity between them...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083360/management-and-treatment-of-femoral-neck-stress-fractures-in-recreational-runners-a-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Carlo Biz, Antonio Berizzi, Alberto Crimì, Chiara Marcato, Giulia Trovarelli, Pietro Ruggieri
Femoral neck stress fractures (FNSFs) in healthy young subjects are uncommon and most prevalent among long-distance runners and military recruits. Women seem to be at higher risk of developing stress fractures because of possible eating disorders followed by amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This case report describes four young and middle-aged, active female recreational runners who developed stress fractures of the femoral neck. In three of them, with a clinical history of persistent pain in the groin region, which worsened during training, early diagnosis by MRI was considered essential in detecting the fractures...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080285/exogenous-factors-matter-when-interpreting-the-results-of-an-impact-evaluation-a-case-study-of-rainfall-and-child-health-program-intervention-in-rwanda
#16
Assumpta Mukabutera, Dana R Thomson, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Sidney Atwood, Paulin Basinga, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Kevin P Savage, Marcellin Habimana, Megan Murray
OBJECTIVE: Public health interventions are often implemented at large scale and their evaluation seems to be difficult because they are usually multiple and their pathways to effect are complex and subject to modification by contextual factors. We assessed whether controlling for rainfall related variables altered estimates of the efficacy of a health program in rural Rwanda and have a quantifiable effect on an intervention evaluation outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quasi-experimental study using previously collected cross-sectional data from the 2005 and 2010 Rwanda Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), 2010 DHS oversampled data, monthly rainfall data collected from meteorological stations over the same period, and modeled output of long-term rainfall averages, soil moisture, and rain water runoff...
October 28, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079606/prevalence-and-time-trends-in-overweight-and-obesity-among-urban-women-an-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-surveys-data-from-24-african-countries-1991-2014
#17
Dickson Abanimi Amugsi, Zacharie T Dimbuene, Blessing Mberu, Stella Muthuri, Alex C Ezeh
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among non-pregnant urban women in Africa over the past two and a half decades. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys conducted between 1991 and 2014. SETTINGS: Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), repeated cross-sectional data collected in 24 African countries. PARTICIPANTS: Adult non-pregnant women aged 15-49 years. The earlier DHS collected anthropometric data on only those women who had children aged 0-5 years...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077944/association-of-serum-magnesium-with-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-and-without-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-dallas-heart-study
#18
Silvia Ferrè, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Naim M Maalouf, Khashayar Sakhaee, Robert D Toto, Orson W Moe, Javier A Neyra
Background: Low serum magnesium (SMg) has been linked to increased mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. We examined whether this association is similar in participants with versus without prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the multiethnic Dallas Heart Study (DHS) cohort. Methods: SMg was analyzed as a continuous variable and divided into tertiles. Study outcomes were all-cause death, cardiovascular (CV) death or event, and CVD surrogate markers, evaluated using multivariable Cox regression models adjusted for demographics, comorbidity, anthropometric and biochemical parameters including albumin, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone, and diuretic use...
October 25, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077896/mirtrans-a-resource-of-transcriptional-regulation-on-micrornas-for-human-cell-lines
#19
Xu Hua, Rongjun Tang, Xiuxiu Xu, Zhi Wang, Qi Xu, Luxiao Chen, Edgar Wingender, Jie Li, Chenyu Zhang, Jin Wang
The cell-specific information of transcriptional regulation on microRNAs (miRNAs) is crucial to the precise understanding of gene regulations in various physiological and pathological processes existed in different tissues and cell types. The database, mirTrans, provides comprehensive information about cell-specific transcription of miRNAs including the transcriptional start sites (TSSs) of miRNAs, transcription factor (TF) to miRNA regulations and miRNA promoter sequences. mirTrans also maps the experimental H3K4me3 and DHS (DNase-I hypersensitive site) marks within miRNA promoters and expressed sequence tags (ESTs) within transcribed regions...
October 25, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075048/maternal-household-decision-making-autonomy-and-adolescent-education-in-honduras
#20
C Emily Hendrick, Leticia Marteleto
Maternal decision-making autonomy has been linked to positive outcomes for children's health and well-being early in life in low- and middle-income countries throughout the world. However, there is a dearth of research examining if and how maternal autonomy continues to influence children's outcomes into adolescence and whether it impacts other domains of children's lives beyond health, such as their education. The goal of this study was to determine whether high maternal decision-making was associated with school enrollment for secondary school-aged youth in Honduras...
June 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
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