keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dhs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812805/changes-in-socio-economic-inequality-in-neonatal-mortality-in-iran-between-1995-2000-and-2005-2010-an-oaxaca-decomposition-analysis
#1
Mostafa Amini Rarani, Arash Rashidian, Ardeshir Khosravi, Mohammad Arab, Ezatollah Abbasian, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae
BACKGROUND: Exploring changes in health inequality and its determinants over time is of policy interest. Accordingly, this study aimed to decompose inequality in neonatal mortality into its contributing factors and then explore changes from 1995-2000 to 2005-2010 in Iran. METHODS: Required data were drawn from two Iran's demographic and health survey (DHS) conducted in 2000 and 2010. Normalized concentration index (CI) was used to measure the magnitude of inequality in neonatal mortality...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809084/practice-characteristics-and-service-provision-rates-of-dental-hygienists-in-australia
#2
N Amarasena, D N Teusner, D S Brennan, J Satur
INTRODUCTION: Dental hygienists (DHs) have been practising in Australia since the early 1970s. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the clinical activity of Australian DHs. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to members of two professional associations representing DHs. Practitioner characteristics, employment characteristics and clinical activity on a self-reported typical practice day were collected. The proportion of each service item of all services provided was estimated...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802822/stillbirth-prevalence-in-brazil-an-exploration-of-regional-differences
#3
Taiana Silva Carvalho, Pat Doyle, Lucia Campos Pellanda
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a large, heterogeneous, and diverse country, marked by social, economic, and regional inequalities. Stillbirth is a global concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the prevalence and possible determinants of stillbirth in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study including all women of reproductive age who had had a pregnancy in the last five years, enrolled in the most recent Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS/PNDS-2006/07)...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802425/outcomes-of-dynamic-hip-screw-augmented-with-trochanteric-wiring-for-treatment-of-unstable-type-a2-intertrochanteric-femur-fractures
#4
Chetan Puram, Chetan Pradhan, Atul Patil, Vivek Sodhai, Parag Sancheti, Ashok Shyam
BACKGROUND: Posteromedial and greater trochanteric fragments are a major cause of telescoping and medialization of the femoral shaft in an unstable intertrochanteric fracture. This leads to significant limb shortening, fracture collapse in varus position and implant failure, which can be prevented by trochanteric wiring in addition to dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation. The purpose of our study is to assess the outcomes of DHS augmented with trochanteric wiring in unstable type A2 intertrochanteric fractures...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802420/dhs-osteosynthesis-with-internal-bone-grafting-in-unstable-delayed-presented-intracapsular-neck-femur-fractures
#5
Wasudeo M Gadegone, R M Chandak, Vijayanand R Lokhande
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess fracture union and complications following use of dynamic hip screw (DHS) with internal bone grafting in treatment of unstable delayed presented intracapsular neck femur fractures in patients younger than 65 years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty two patients with displaced intracapsular neck femur fractures(Garden III and IV, Pauwels III, with comminution) with delayed presentation (15-60 days) in the 45-65 year age group (mean 54...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802416/accuracy-of-valgus-osteotomy-using-dynamic-hip-screw
#6
Sunil G Kulkarni, G S Kulkarni, Sushrut Babhulkar, Milind G Kulkarni, Ruta M Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Non-union of neck femur is a common but difficult situation to manage especially in young adults. There are two main options of arthroplasty or osteotomy. The aim of this study was to assess the results of intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy in non-union femoral neck fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a study of 44 cases of neck femur non-union including untreated fractures, late presentations (more than 3 weeks), treated with compression screw, DHS...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795311/the-rise-of-female-sterilization-a-closer-look-at-colombia
#7
Beatriz M Folch, Sarah Betstadt, Dongmei Li, Natalie Whaley
Objective In the 1970s, OCPs and IUDs were the most popular contraceptive methods in Colombia. According to data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), sterilization has become the most common form of birth control in Colombia. This study aims to examine the characteristics of Colombian women desiring long-acting contraception. Methods This study uses the 2005 and 2010 Colombian DHS dataset. Women who choose long-acting contraception were divided into those using female sterilization and those using long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)...
August 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766376/the-association-of-minimum-wage-change-on-child-nutritional-status-in-lmics-a-quasi-experimental-multi-country-study
#8
Ninez Ponce, Riti Shimkhada, Amy Raub, Adel Daoud, Arijit Nandi, Linda Richter, Jody Heymann
There is recognition that social protection policies such as raising the minimum wage can favourably impact health, but little evidence links minimum wage increases to child health outcomes. We used multi-year data (2003-2012) on national minimum wages linked to individual-level data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 23 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that had least two DHS surveys to establish pre- and post-observation periods. Over a pre- and post-interval ranging from 4 to 8 years, we examined minimum wage growth and four nutritional status outcomes among children under 5 years: stunting, wasting, underweight, and anthropometric failure...
August 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764254/role-of-provisional-fixation-of-fracture-fragments-by-steinmann-pin-and-technical-tips-in-proximal-femoral-nailing-for-intertrochanteric-fracture
#9
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani, Dhaval Patel
INTRODUCTION: Proximal Femoral Nailing (PFN) in Intertrochanteric Fractures (IF) is becoming the choice of implant due to better biomechanics and prevention of varus collapse associated with Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS). Technical difficulties and implant related complications are yet to be addressed. AIM: To understand the technical difficulties involved in PFN and role of provisional fixation of fracture by Steinmann-pin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 55 patients presented to a tertiary trauma center in India with trochanteric fractures from April 2010 to March 2012 were included and treated with PFN...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759344/women-s-autonomy-and-reproductive-health-care-seeking-behavior-in-ethiopia
#10
Yohannes Dibaba Wado
BACKGROUND: This paper investigated the potential importance of women's autonomy in reproductive healthcare-seeking behavior of women in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (DHS), that involved a total of 16,515 women, were analyzed. A weighted sub-sample of married women and women who had had a live birth were included in analyses on family planning and antenatal care. Women's autonomy was measured by participation in decision-making, attitudes toward wife beating and whether getting permission to seek medical care was a big problem...
July 31, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754113/progress-in-coverage-of-bed-net-ownership-and-use-in-burkina-faso-2003-2014-evidence-from-population-based-surveys
#11
Sekou Samadoulougou, Morgan Pearcy, Yazoumé Yé, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou
BACKGROUND: Use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) is the cornerstone of malaria prevention. In 2010 and 2013, the Burkina Faso Government launched mass distribution campaigns of ITNs to increase coverage of ownership and use in the country. This study assessed the progress towards universal bed net coverage in Burkina Faso. METHODS: The authors used data from the Burkina Faso 2003 and 2010 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), the 2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and the 2014 Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS)...
July 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746265/prevalence-of-rubella-antibodies-among-children-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#12
Vivian H Alfonso, Reena H Doshi, Patrick Mukadi, Stephen G Higgins, Nicole A Hoff, Ado Bwaka, Guillaume Ngoie Mwamba, Emile Okitolonda, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Sue Gerber, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: While generally mild in children, rubella infection in early pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, fetal death or congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Rubella vaccination is not yet available as a part of routine immunization in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the burden of infection is unknown. METHODS: In collaboration with the 2013-2014 DRC Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), a serosurvey was carried out to assess population immunity to vaccine preventable diseases...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745799/efficacy-of-femoral-nail-anti-rotation-of-helical-blade-in-unstable-intertrochanteric-fracture
#13
Y Guo, H-P Yang, Q-J Dou, X-B He, X-F Yang
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the comparative efficacy and long-term prognosis with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and dynamic hip screw (DHS) for the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures, retrospectively. We determined the independent risk factors to guide subsequent surgery and improve the long-term quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 165 patients suffering from unstable intertrochanteric fracture from January 2010 to January 2015 in our hospital, including 89 treated with PFNA and 76 with DHS surgery...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743037/exogenous-applications-of-polyamines-modulate-drought-responses-in-wheat-through-osmolytes-accumulation-increasing-free-polyamine-levels-and-regulation-of-polyamine-biosynthetic-genes
#14
Heba Talat Ebeed, Nemat Mohamed Hassan, Alshafei Mohammed Aljarani
Polyamines (PAs) can improve drought stress tolerance in plants; however, very limited information is available on the mechanism of action of exogenous application by different methods under drought stress in wheat. The present study investigates the mechanism through which seed priming and foliar spraying with PAs protect wheat plants from drought stress. 10 days old wheat seedlings were exposed to drought stress by withholding water alone or with 100 μM PAs solutions (putrescine, Put; spermine, Spm; and mixture of Put and Spm for 10 h seed-priming or three foliar sprays during withholding water...
July 15, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742809/dimensions-of-antenatal-care-service-and-the-alacrity-of-mothers-towards-institutional-delivery-in-south-and-south-east-asia
#15
Priyanka Dixit, Junaid Khan, Laxmi Kant Dwivedi, Amrita Gupta
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have assessed the effectiveness of antenatal care (ANC) on uptake of institutional delivery care. However, none address the issue of association between the different components of ANC i.e. ANC component which is independent of health care delivery systems (timing and number of ANC visits), ANC components which depends on health care delivery systems (specific ANC procedures that women receive) with institutional delivery. METHODS: Data for the study has been taken from the DHS conducted in the six selected South and South-East Asian countries during 1998-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741078/-analysis-of-2000-surgically-treated-proximal-femoral-fractures-multiple-variables-influence-mortality
#16
Franz Müller, Michael Galler, Tanja Kottmann, Michael Zellner, Christian Bäuml, Bernd Füchtmeier
BACKGROUND: Due to demographic change, more proximal femoral fractures can be expected in the future. However, accurate growth rates as well as follow-up research extending more than 1 year postsurgery are still lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we defined inclusion and exclusion criteria for the retrospective cohort study. Based on these, we collected all surgical interventions conducted between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2015. For a total of 2000 consecutive procedures, we retrieved and analysed a total of 12 variables influencing mortality...
July 24, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740524/a-comparison-of-two-fixation-methods-for-femoral-trochanteric-fractures-a-new-generation-intramedullary-system-vs-sliding-hip-screw
#17
Christian Carulli, Federico Piacentini, Tommaso Paoli, Roberto Civinini, Massimo Innocenti
INTRODUCTION: Trochanteric fractures are frequent and generally associated with bone fragility. There is still debate on the best fixation device to treat stable or rather stable trochanteric fractures: we report our clinical and radiological results of fixation with Proximal Femoral Nail "antirotation" (PFNa) in a population of patients compared to a control group treated by Sliding Hip Screw (SHS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 71 consecutive patients treated by PFNa (group A), and 69 by a SHS (group B), with a mean age of 81...
January 2017: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730395/dynamic-hip-screw-and-fibular-strut-graft-for-fixation-of-fresh-femoral-neck-fracture-with-posterior-comminution
#18
Adham Elgeidi, Abed El Negery, M Serry Abdellatif, Nabil El Moghazy
INTRODUCTION: Posterior comminution of the femoral neck fracture is a major cause of delayed and non-union owing to the loss of the buttressing effect against the posterior rotation. When a femoral neck fracture with posterior comminution is anatomically reduced, only the anterior portions of the femoral neck fracture surfaces are brought into contact leaving a posterior defect. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of fibular strut grafting and dynamic hip screw (DHS) for fresh femoral neck fractures with posterior comminution in young patient less than 50 years...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724433/gridsample-an-r-package-to-generate-household-survey-primary-sampling-units-psus-from-gridded-population-data
#19
Dana R Thomson, Forrest R Stevens, Nick W Ruktanonchai, Andrew J Tatem, Marcia C Castro
BACKGROUND: Household survey data are collected by governments, international organizations, and companies to prioritize policies and allocate billions of dollars. Surveys are typically selected from recent census data; however, census data are often outdated or inaccurate. This paper describes how gridded population data might instead be used as a sample frame, and introduces the R GridSample algorithm for selecting primary sampling units (PSU) for complex household surveys with gridded population data...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722572/handwashing-in-51-countries-analysis-of-proxy-measures-of-handwashing-behavior-in-multiple-indicator-cluster-surveys-and-demographic-and-health-surveys-2010-2013
#20
Swapna Kumar, Libbet Loughnan, Rolf Luyendijk, Orlando Hernandez, Merri Weinger, Fred Arnold, Pavani K Ram
In 2009, a common set of questions addressing handwashing behavior was introduced into nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), providing large amounts of comparable data from numerous countries worldwide. The objective of this analysis is to describe global handwashing patterns using two proxy indicators for handwashing behavior from 51 DHS and MICS surveys conducted in 2010-2013: availability of soap anywhere in the dwelling and access to a handwashing place with soap and water...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
keyword
keyword
18525
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"