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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097113/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-treatment-for-type-a1-intertrochanteric-femoral-fracture-in-elderly-patients-comparison-of-dynamic-hip-screw-and-proximal-femoral-nail-antirotation
#1
Hong Man Cho, Kyujung Lee
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the clinical and functional outcomes of dynamic hip screw (DHS) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) treatment of AO type 1 intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 194 consecutive patients with type A1 intertrochanteric femoral fractures who were treated with DHS (n=113) or PFNA (n=81). We evaluated operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and functional outcomes, walking ability, and the Barthel activities index...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076428/does-measles-vaccination-reduce-the-risk-of-acute-respiratory-infection-ari-and-diarrhea-in-children-a-multi-country-study
#2
Rahul Bawankule, Abhishek Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar, Sadanand Shetye
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and diarrhea occur either as complications or secondary infections in measles affected children. So, the integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) by WHO and UNICEF includes measles vaccination as preventive measure in children. The objective of the study is to examine the effect of measles vaccination on Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and diarrhea in children in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. METHODS: We analyzed data from the most recent rounds of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the selected countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067646/development-of-downflow-hanging-sponge-dhs-reactor-as-post-treatment-of-existing-combined-anaerobic-tank-treating-natural-rubber-processing-wastewater
#3
Takahiro Watari, Trung Cuong Mai, Daisuke Tanikawa, Yuga Hirakata, Masashi Hatamoto, Kazuaki Syutsubo, Masao Fukuda, Ngoc Bich Nguyen, Takashi Yamaguchi
Conventional aerated tank technology is widely applied for post treatment of natural rubber processing wastewater in Southeast Asia; however, a long hydraulic retention time (HRT) is required and the effluent standards are exceeded. In this study, a downflow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor was installed as post treatment of anaerobic tank effluent in a natural rubber factory in South Vietnam and the process performance was evaluated. The DHS reactor demonstrated removal efficiencies of 64.2 ± 7.5% and 55.3 ± 19...
January 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064380/perioperative-factors-associated-with-hidden-blood-loss-in-intertrochanteric-fracture-patients
#4
Y Liu, Y Sun, L Fan, J Hao
BACKGROUND: The actual total blood loss after a hip fracture has been found to be considerably larger than that observed during surgery and collected in drainage postoperatively. However, no previous studies have offered reasonable explanations for the deficit between a large hemoglobin drop and a small intraoperative blood loss. The aim was to quantify blood loss associated with hip injuries and surgery, and to identify the relative risk factors for perioperative hidden blood loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with a femoral intertrochanteric fracture were operated on between August 2012 and October 2013...
January 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059664/navigated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-glioma-removal-prognostic-value-in-motor-function-recovery-from-postsurgical-neurological-deficits
#5
Tomokazu Takakura, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Manabu Tamura, Takashi Maruyama, Masayuki Nitta, Chiharu Niki, Takakazu Kawamata
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) as a prognostic predictor for upper-extremity motor functional recovery from postsurgical neurological deficits. METHODS Preoperative and postoperative nTMS studies were prospectively applied in 14 patients (mean age 39 ± 12 years) who had intraparenchymal brain neoplasms located within or adjacent to the motor eloquent area in the cerebral hemisphere. Mapping by nTMS was done 3 times, i...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039083/2-3-dehydrosilybin-a-b-as-a-pro-longevity-and-anti-aggregation-compound
#6
Konstantina Filippopoulou, Nikoletta Papaevgeniou, Maria Lefaki, Anna Paraskevopoulou, David Biedermann, Vladimír Křen, Niki Chondrogianni
Aging is an unavoidable process characterized by gradual failure of homeostasis that constitutes a critical risk factor for several age-related disorders. It has been unveiled that manipulation of various key pathways may decelerate the aging progression and the triggering of age-related diseases. As a consequence, the identification of compounds, preferably natural-occurring, administered through diet, with lifespan-extending, anti-aggregation and anti-oxidation properties that in parallel exhibit negligible side-effects is the main goal in the battle against aging...
December 28, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038763/removal-of-human-pathogenic-viruses-in-a-down-flow-hanging-sponge-dhs-reactor-treating-municipal-wastewater-and-health-risks-associated-with-utilization-of-the-effluent-for-agricultural-irrigation
#7
Naohiro Kobayashi, Mamoru Oshiki, Toshihiro Ito, Takahiro Segawa, Masashi Hatamoto, Tsuyoshi Kato, Takashi Yamaguchi, Kengo Kubota, Masanobu Takahashi, Akinori Iguchi, Tadashi Tagawa, Tsutomu Okubo, Shigeki Uemura, Hideki Harada, Toshiki Motoyama, Nobuo Araki, Daisuke Sano
A down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor has been developed as a cost-effective wastewater treatment system that is adaptable to local conditions in low-income countries. A pilot-scale DHS reactor previously demonstrated stable reduction efficiencies for chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonium nitrogen over a year at ambient temperature, but the pathogen reduction efficiency of the DHS reactor has yet to be investigated. In the present study, the reduction efficiency of a pilot-scale DHS reactor fed with municipal wastewater was investigated for 10 types of human pathogenic viruses (norovirus GI, GII and GIV, aichivirus, astrovirus, enterovirus, hepatitis A and E viruses, rotavirus, and sapovirus)...
October 22, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002360/evidence-of-mumps-infection-among-children-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#8
Reena H Doshi, Vivian H Alfonso, Nicole A Hoff, Patrick Mukadi, Sue Gerber, Ado Bwaka, Stephen G Higgins, Guillaume Ngoie Mwamba, Emile Okitolonda, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: Mumps is an acute viral infection and while the infection is usually mild, complications can lead to permanent sequelae including brain damage and deafness. The burden of mumps is currently unknown the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), we therefore assessed susceptibility to mumps infection among children 6 - 59 months of age. METHODS: In collaboration with the 2013-2014 DRC Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), we conducted a serosurvey to assess population immunity to vaccine preventable diseases...
December 19, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995133/comparison-of-the-lag-screw-placements-for-the-treatment-of-stable-and-unstable-intertrochanteric-femoral-fractures-regarding-trabecular-bone-failure
#9
Talip Celik, Ibrahim Mutlu, Arif Ozkan, Yasin Kisioglu
Background. In this study, the cut-out risk of Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) was investigated in nine different positions of the lag screw for two fracture types by using Finite Element Analysis (FEA). Methods. Two types of fractures (31-A1.1 and A2.1 in AO classification) were generated in the femur model obtained from Computerized Tomography images. The DHS model was placed into the fractured femur model in nine different positions. Tip-Apex Distances were measured using SolidWorks. In FEA, the force applied to the femoral head was determined according to the maximum value being observed during walking...
2016: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992672/beyond-counting-stillbirths-to-understanding-their-determinants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-assessment-of-stillbirth-data-availability-in-household-surveys
#10
Aliki Christou, Michael J Dibley, Camille Raynes-Greenow
OBJECTIVE: To systematically map data availability for stillbirths from all countries with DHS surveys to outline the limitations and challenges with using the data for understanding the determinants and causes of stillbirths, and for cross-country comparisons. METHODS: We assessed data sources from the DHS program website, including published DHS reports and their associated questionnaires for surveys completed between 2005 and 2015. RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2015, the DHS program completed 114 surveys across 70 LMICs...
December 19, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987715/sterilization-of-collagen-scaffolds-designed-for-peripheral-nerve-regeneration-effect-on-microstructure-degradation-and-cellular-colonization
#11
Graziana Monaco, Rahmatullah Cholas, Luca Salvatore, Marta Madaghiele, Alessandro Sannino
In this study we investigated the impact of three different sterilization methods, dry heat (DHS), ethylene oxide (EtO) and electron beam radiation (β), on the properties of cylindrical collagen scaffolds with longitudinally oriented pore channels, specifically designed for peripheral nerve regeneration. Scanning electron microscopy, mechanical testing, quantification of primary amines, differential scanning calorimetry and enzymatic degradation were performed to analyze possible structural and chemical changes induced by the sterilization...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981447/the-differential-effects-of-an-opt-out-hiv-testing-policy-for-pregnant-women-in-ethiopia-when-accounting-for-stigma-secondary-analysis-of-dhs-data
#12
Michelle R Kaufman, Alyssa Mooney, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Morankar N Sudhakar, Rachel Rieder, Rupali J Limaye, Eshetu Girma, Rajiv N Rimal
Individual factors associated with HIV testing have been studied across multiple populations; however, testing is not just an individual-level phenomenon. This secondary analysis of 2005 and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey data was conducted to determine the extent to which the 2007 institution of an opt-out policy of HIV testing during antenatal care increased testing among women, and whether effects differed by women's stigmatizing beliefs about HIV. A logit model with interaction between pre-/post-policy year and policy exposure (birth in the past year) was used to estimate the increased probability of past-year testing, which may be attributable to the policy...
February 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975830/botryane-sesquiterpenes-and-binaphthalene-tetrols-from-endophytic-fungi-associated-to-the-marine-red-algae-asparagopsis-taxiformis
#13
R P Medina, A D Silva, R J Andersen, A R Araújo, Dhs Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975432/chemical-profiling-of-byrsonima-species-by-hplc-dad-ms-ms-and-the-evaluation-of-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-cytotoxic-activities
#14
K Fraige, A C Dametto, M L Zeraik, A C Saraiva, A I de Medeiros, N P Lopes, I Castro-Gamboa, Dhs da Silva, V S Bolzani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974863/climate-migration-and-the-local-food-security-context-introducing-terra-populus
#15
Raphael J Nawrotzki, Allison M Schlak, Tracy A Kugler
Studies investigating the connection between environmental factors and migration are difficult to execute because they require the integration of microdata and spatial information. In this article, we introduce the novel, publically available data extraction system Terra Populus (TerraPop), which was designed to facilitate population-environment studies. We showcase the use of TerraPop by exploring variations in the climate-migration association in Burkina Faso and Senegal based on differences in the local food security context...
December 2016: Population and Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974018/risky-sexual-behaviour-among-women-does-economic-empowerment-matter-case-of-gabon-mozambique-sierra-leone-and-zambia
#16
Clifford O Odimegwu, Nicole De Wet, Pamela C Banda
The link between economic empowerment and high risky sexual behaviour has been debated by different scholars in various settings. However, no consistently clear connection between poverty and lack of education has been found regarding engagement in risky sexual behaviour. Also, not much research has been done to examine the strength of these relationships for adolescents and women. The objectives of this study were to assess the relationship between female economic empowerment and risky sexual behaviour in Africa...
December 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960309/vinylogous-dehydration-by-a-polyketide-dehydratase-domain-in-curacin-biosynthesis
#17
William D Fiers, Greg J Dodge, David H Sherman, Janet L Smith, Courtney C Aldrich
Polyketide synthase (PKS) enzymes continue to hold great promise as synthetic biology platforms for the production of novel therapeutic agents, biofuels, and commodity chemicals. Dehydratase (DH) catalytic domains play an important role during polyketide biosynthesis through the dehydration of the nascent polyketide intermediate to provide olefins. Our understanding of the detailed mechanistic and structural underpinning of DH domains that control substrate specificity and selectivity remains limited, thus hindering our efforts to rationally re-engineer PKSs...
December 14, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951508/enhanced-denitrification-in-downflow-hanging-sponge-reactors-for-decentralised-domestic-wastewater-treatment
#18
Catherine A Bundy, Dong Wu, Mui-Choo Jong, Stephen R Edwards, Ziauddin S Ahammad, David W Graham
Enhanced aerobic/anoxic Downflow Hanging Sponge (DHS) bioreactors were assessed for carbon (C) and total nitrogen (TN) removal for decentralised domestic wastewater treatment applications. The initial design included upper aerobic and lower anoxic sponge layers, and effluent recirculation, and achieved >80% CODs and >90% NH4-N removal. However, effluent TN was higher. It was concluded the anoxic layer was C-limited for denitrification, therefore an influent bypass was added to the anoxic layer to provide supplemental C...
February 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929098/ep-dnn-a-deep-neural-network-based-global-enhancer-prediction-algorithm
#19
Seong Gon Kim, Mrudul Harwani, Ananth Grama, Somali Chaterji
We present EP-DNN, a protocol for predicting enhancers based on chromatin features, in different cell types. Specifically, we use a deep neural network (DNN)-based architecture to extract enhancer signatures in a representative human embryonic stem cell type (H1) and a differentiated lung cell type (IMR90). We train EP-DNN using p300 binding sites, as enhancers, and TSS and random non-DHS sites, as non-enhancers. We perform same-cell and cross-cell predictions to quantify the validation rate and compare against two state-of-the-art methods, DEEP-ENCODE and RFECS...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919235/geographical-distribution-of-typhoid-risk-factors-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Jung-Seok Lee, Vijayalaxmi V Mogasale, Vittal Mogasale, Kangsung Lee
BACKGROUND: While the global burden of typhoid fever has been often brought up for attention, the detailed surveillance information has only been available for the limited number of countries. As more efficacious vaccines will be available in the near future, it is essential to understand the geographically diverse patterns of typhoid risk levels and to prioritize the right populations for vaccination to effectively control the disease. METHODS: A composite index called the typhoid risk factor (TRF) index was created based on data with the Global Positioning System (GPS)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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