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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642652/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-posterior-interosseous-nerve-entrapment-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Marco Aurélio DE Moraes, Rubens Guilherme Gonçalves, João Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, João Carlos Belloti, Flávio Faloppa, Vinícius Ynoe DE Moraes
Compressive syndromes of the radial nerve have different presentations. There is no consensus on diagnostic and therapeutic methods. The aim of this review is to summarize such methods. Eletronic searches related terms, held in databases (1980-2016): Pubmed (via Medline), Lilacs (via Scielo) and Google Scholar. Through pre-defined protocol, we identified relevant studies. We excluded case reports. Aspects of diagnosis and treatment were synthesized for analysis and tables. Quantitative analyzes were followed by their dispersion variables...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641068/centric-relation-intercuspal-position-discrepancy-and-its-relationship-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review
#2
Antonio Jiménez-Silva, Julio Tobar-Reyes, Sheilah Vivanco-Coke, Eduardo Pastén-Castro, Hernán Palomino-Montenegro
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between centric relation-intercuspal position discrepancy (CR-ICP discrepancy) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), by systematically reviewing the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic research was performed between 1960 and 2016 based on electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Scopus, EBSCOhost, BIREME, Lilacs and Scielo, including all languages. Analytical observational clinical studies were identified...
June 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637400/impulse-oscillometry-system-and-anthropometric-variables-of-preschoolers-children-and-adolesctents-systematic-review
#3
Maíra Seabra De Assumpção, Emília da Silva Gonçalves, Marina Simões Oliveira, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Adyléia Aparecida Contrera Dalbo Toro, Antonio Azevedo Barros-Filho, Maria Ângela Reis Góes de Monteiro, Camila Isabel Santos Schivinski
BACKGROUND: To identify the anthropometric variables in equations/reference values of impulse oscillometry system (IOS) parameters in preschoolers, children and adolescents. METHOD: Systematic search on the databases MEDLINE/Ovid, SCOPUS and SciELO using the key words "preschool, child and adolescent", "impulse oscillometry", "reference values" and its variations. RESULTS: This review considered a total of 13 articles. The studies presented height, weight, sex and age as the variables correlated to oscillometric parameters...
June 21, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622282/towards-a-neurobiological-understanding-of-alexithymia
#4
REVIEW
Nicolás Meza-Concha, Marcelo Arancibia, Felicia Salas, Rosa Behar, Germán Salas, Hernán Silva, Rocío Escobar
Although the specialized literature on the etiology of alexithymia is controversial, neurobiological research has shown relevant advances. The aim of this review is to analyze the available evidence regarding the neurophysiological bases of alexithymia. A comprehensive review of available articles from Medline/PubMed, EBSCO and SciELO was conducted. Previously, alexithymia was linked to a reduced interhemispheric brain connection. From a childhood traumatic perspective, the right prefrontal cortex and the default mode network would experience alterations, first hypermetabolic (dopaminergic and glutamatergic dysregulation) and then hypometabolic-dissociative (serotonergic and opioid dysregulation), resulting in a distorted interoceptive and emotional awareness...
May 29, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617258/micronized-palmitoylethanolamide-trans-polydatin-treatment-of-endometriosis-related-pain-a-meta-analysis
#5
Ugo Indraccolo, Salvatore Renato Indraccolo, Fiorenzo Mignini
AIM: To demonstrate clinical effectiveness of micronized palmitoylethanolamide-trans-polydatin combination in reducing endometriotic chronic pelvic pain. Other endometriotic-pains were also assessed. METHODS: Systematic reviews of PubMed, SCIELO, Scopus, and AJOL. Randomized trials and observational studies reporting a visual analogue scale for pain or similar in endometriotic patients were reviewed. A mean improvement of visual analogue scale (or visual analogue scale-like) scores at enrollment and at a three-month follow-up was assessed and interpreted clinically...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614542/use-of-anastrozole-in-the-chemoprevention-and-treatment-of-breast-cancer-a-literature-review
#6
Maria da Conceição Barros-Oliveira, Danylo Rafhael Costa-Silva, Danielle Benigno de Andrade, Umbelina Soares Borges, Cléciton Braga Tavares, Rafael Soares Borges, Janaína de Moraes Silva, Benedito Borges da Silva
Aromatase inhibitors have emerged as an alternative endocrine therapy for the treatment of hormone sensitive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. The use of third-generation inhibitors represented by exemestane, letrozol and anastrozole is currently indicated. Anastrozole is a nonsteroidal compound and a potent selective inhibitor of the aromatase enzyme. Although a few studies have shown that its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties may be affected by interindividual variability, this drug has been recently used in all configurations of breast cancer treatment...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614508/performance-of-primary-health-care-according-to-pcatool-instrument-a-systematic-review
#7
Mariana Louzada Prates, Juliana Costa Machado, Luciana Saraiva da Silva, Patrícia Silva Avelar, Luciana Louzada Prates, Erica Toledo de Mendonça, Glauce Dias da Costa, Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta
This study aims to analyze studies that evaluated the performance of Primary Health Care (PHC) services by using the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCATool) under a worldwide user perspective. This is a systematic review that implemented the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) model, from the following databases: Lilacs, Medline, SciELO, PubMed and the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) Journals Website, using descriptors Primary Care Assessment Tool and PCATool...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614471/-payment-mechanisms-and-financial-resources-management-for-consolidation-of-ecuador-s-health-system
#8
Tatiana Villacrés, Ana Cristina Mena
Objective: Analyze the proposal by the Ministry of Public Health to reform the public financing model in Ecuador with regard to pooling of funds and payment mechanisms. Method: A literature review was done of the financing model, the current legal framework, and the budgetary bases in Pubmed, SciELO, LILACS Ecuador, and regional LILACS using the key words health financing, health financing systems, capitation, pooling of funds, health system reform Ecuador, health system Ecuador, and health payment mechanisms...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613204/-testicular-cancer-epidemiology-in-developing-countries-review-of-the-literature
#9
Mauricio Medina-Rico, Hugo López-Ramos
OBJECTIVE: Testicular cancer (TC) is the most common cancer in men between 15 and 44 years. It has been reported that the incidence of TC is rising. The aim of this article is to determine the epidemiology of TC in Colombia. METHODS: A literature review on four databases was performed PubMed, Embase, Lilacs and Scielo. Studies of incidence, prevalence, mortality and survival of TC were taken from different countries. Studies included were published in the last 10 years...
June 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594057/online-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#10
Esther Parra-Vidales, Felipe Soto-Pérez, Mª Victoria Perea-Bartolomé, Manuel A Franco-Martín, Juan L Muñoz-Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: The elderly population is growing driven by the increase in life expectancy, which in turn entails an increase in the number of people with chronic diseases such as dementia. The vast majority of people suffering from this illness is assisted by informal caregivers, who play a key role in fulfilling the patients’ needs, promoting the possibility for people with dementia to live in their home environment. The Internet as a support tool in psychoeducational programs can significantly improve accessibility of them, becoming a currently consolidated interactive resource for the training of patients with acute and chronic diseases, and their caregivers...
May 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590827/extracorporeal-shockwave-mechanisms-of-action-and-physiological-aspects-for-cellulite-body-shaping-and-localized-fat-systematic-review
#11
Débora A Oliveira Modena, Caroline Nogueira da Silva, Clovis Grecco, Renata Michelini Guidi, Renata Gomes Moreira, Andresa A Coelho, Estela Sant'Ana, José Ricardo de Souza
Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy - ESWT has had a wide use in rehabilitation, and has presented positive effects in the treatment of unaesthetic affections. The objective of the present study was to search, in the literature, the mechanisms of action and the physiological aspects of shockwaves acting on the biological tissue to improve the condition of cellulite and localized fat. A systematic review of the literature was carried out in the period from September 2016 to February 2017 based on the bibliographic databases Lilacs, MedLine, PubMed and Scielo...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590350/does-prehospital-management-by-doctors-affect-outcome-in-major-trauma-a-systematic-review
#12
Stephanie Wilson, Vinay Gangathimmaiah
BACKGROUND: There is substantial variation worldwide in prehospital management of trauma and the role of doctors is controversial. The objective of this review was to determine whether prehospital management by doctors affects outcomes in major trauma, including the pre-specified subgroup of severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) when compared to management by other advanced life support providers. METHODS: EMBASE, MEDLINE(R), PubMed, SciELO, Trip, Web of Science and Zetoc were searched for published articles...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589547/preoperative-exercise-training-for-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Vinicius Cavalheri, Catherine Granger
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) offers the best chance of cure, but is associated with a risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (i.e. pneumonia (new infiltrate coupled with either fever (> 38º C) and purulent secretions, or fever and white cell count > 11,000), bronchopleural fistula, severe atelectasis that requires chest physiotherapy or bronchoscopy, and prolonged mechanical ventilation (> 48 hours)). It is currently unclear if preoperative exercise training, and the potential resultant improvement in exercise capacity, may also improve postoperative outcomes, such as the risk of developing postoperative pulmonary complications, the length of postoperative intercostal drainage, or the length of hospital stay...
June 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581891/oral-conditions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#14
D G Haag, K G Peres, M Balasubramanian, D S Brennan
The objective of this study was to verify whether oral conditions (tooth loss, periodontal disease, dental caries) are negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults. A search was carried out on PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, and LILACS databases until the end of July 2016 with no date restrictions. Quantitative observational studies written in English were included and data extraction was performed independently by 2 reviewers. HRQoL was investigated as the outcome, and tooth loss, periodontal diseases, and dental caries were exposures...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580805/use-of-intervention-mapping-to-enhance-health-care-professional-practice-a-systematic-review
#15
Desire Durks, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Lutfun N Hossain, Lucia Franco-Trigo, Shalom I Benrimoj, Daniel Sabater-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Intervention Mapping is a planning protocol for developing behavior change interventions, the first three steps of which are intended to establish the foundations and rationales of such interventions. AIM: This systematic review aimed to identify programs that used Intervention Mapping to plan changes in health care professional practice. Specifically, it provides an analysis of the information provided by the programs in the first three steps of the protocol to determine their foundations and rationales of change...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580201/bibliometric-assessment-of-the-global-scientific-production-of-nitazoxanide
#16
Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Dayron F Martinez-Pulgarin, Marcela Muñoz-Urbano, Daniela Gómez-Suta, Jorge A Sánchez-Duque, Jorge E Machado-Alba
INTRODUCTION: Nitazoxanide is a member of a new class of drug, thiazolides, and it was discovered in 1984 with antimicrobial activity effect against anaerobic bacteria, Hepatitis virus, protozoa, and helminths. METHODS: A bibliometric study on four databases (1984-2016) - Medline, Scopus, LILACS, and SciELO - characterizing the global scientific production of nitazoxanide. We determined the quantity, quality (number of citations), and types of studies developed by each country, characterizing them by years, international cooperation, development, place of publication, authors (with its H-index), and groups with higher impact...
May 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569010/interpersonal-discrimination-and-markers-of-adiposity-in-longitudinal-studies-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
C de O Bernardo, J L Bastos, D A González-Chica, M A Peres, Y C Paradies
While the impact of interpersonal discrimination on mental health is well established, its effects on physical health outcomes have not been fully elucidated. This study systematically reviewed the literature on the prospective association between interpersonal discrimination and markers of adiposity. Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar, Capes/Brazil and ProQuest databases were used to retrieve relevant information in November 2016. The results from the 10 studies that met the inclusion criteria support an association between interpersonal self-reported discrimination and the outcomes...
May 31, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561919/current-trends-and-future-perspectives-of-dental-pulp-capping-materials-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Wellington L O da Rosa, Alexandra R Cocco, Tiago M da Silva, Luana C Mesquita, Arthur Dias Galarça, Adriana F da Silva, Evandro Piva
To systematically review the literature to analyze the current trends and future perspectives of dental pulp capping materials through an analysis of scientific and technological data. This study is reported in accordance with the PRISMA Statement. Nine databases were screened: PubMed (MedLine), Lilacs, IBECS, BBO, Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, Google Scholar, and The Cochrane Library. Additionally, the following patent applications were searched online in Questel Orbit (Paris, France), USPTO, EPO, JPO, INPI, and Patentscope databases...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559960/medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-ethnopharmacological-approach-and-chemical-and-biological-studies
#19
REVIEW
Luciano Mamede de Freitas Junior, Eduardo B de Almeida
Obesity is a global epidemic that has shown a steady increase in morbimortality indicators; it is considered a social problem and entails serious health risks. One of the alternatives in the treatment of obesity is the traditional use of medicinal plants, which supports the research and development of obesity phytotherapy. In this article, we provide information about ethnopharmacological species used to treat obesity, through an electronic search of the periodical databases Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed and Scielo, considering the period 1996-2015 and using the descriptors "plants for obesity", "ethnopharmacology for obesity" and "anti-obesity plants" in both Portuguese and English...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559753/photogrammetric-assessment-of-upper-body-posture-using-postural-angles-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Deepika Singla, Zubia Veqar, Mohammed Ejaz Hussain
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to review the literature regarding the measurement properties of various angles used for postural assessment of the head, neck, shoulder, and thorax and to discuss the utility of these measures. METHODS: The inclusion criteria for this literature review were use of postural angles to assess posture, measurement of upper body posture, and research studies conducted in last 3 decades that had free full-text available online entirely in the English language...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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