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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320168/a-systematic-comparison-of-key-features-of-ischemic-stroke-prevention-guidelines-in-low-and-middle-income-vs-high-income-countries
#1
REVIEW
Hernán Bayona, Mayowa Owolabi, Wuwei Feng, Paul Olowoyo, Joseph Yaria, Rufus Akinyemi, James R Sawers, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Implementation of contextually appropriate, evidence-based, expert-recommended stroke prevention guideline is particularly important in Low-Income Countries (LMICs), which bear disproportional larger burden of stroke while possessing fewer resources. However, key quality characteristics of guidelines issued in LMICs compared with those in High-Income Countries (HICs) have not been systematically studied. We aimed to compare important features of stroke prevention guidelines issued in these groups...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291990/medicinal-plants-in-the-treatment-of-colitis-evidence-from-preclinical-studies
#2
Marília T Santana, Luana M Cercato, Janaíne P Oliveira, Enilton A Camargo
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition whose treatment includes aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, and immunomodulators. Medicinal plants seem to be an important alternative treatment for this condition. They have been the subject of a great number of studies in recent years. This study was conducted to systematically review the medicinal plants tested in experimental models of ulcerative colitis. We conducted a systematic literature search through specialized databases (PUBMED, SCOPUS, EMBASE, MEDLINE, LILACS, SCIELO, and SCISEARCH) and selected articles published between January 2000 and June 21, 2016 by using "medicinal plants" and "ulcerative colitis" as key words...
March 14, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284941/scientific-production-on-indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-bibliometric-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski, Danilo Reis Coimbra
INTRODUCTION: In order to minimize adverse health effects and increase the benefits of physical activity, it is important to systematize indoor air quality study in environments used for physical exercise and sports. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and analyze the scientific production related to indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a bibliometric analysis. METHODS: The databases Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Medline via Pubmed, and SportDiscus were searched from their inception to March 2016...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282766/risk-factors-for-fatality-in-amniotic-fluid-embolism-a-systematic-review-and-analysis-of-a-data-pool
#4
Ugo Indraccolo, Caterina Battistoni, Irene Mastrantonio, Romolo Di Iorio, Pantaleo Greco, Salvatore Renato Indraccolo
PURPOSE: Investigating risk factors for amniotic fluid embolism (AFE)-induced fatality. METHODS: A systematic review of cases of AFE available on PubMed, Scielo, Scopus and AJOL databases that occurred from 1990 to 2015 was carried out. After careful reading of titles, abstracts and full texts, case reports of AFE were reviewed. Risk factors for AFE were considered as independent variables in logistic regression models. The first model was built on the whole data pool...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273224/emergency-cricothyrotomy-temporary-measure-or-definitive-airway-a-systematic-review
#5
Marina Barguil Macêdo, Ruggeri Bezerra Guimarães, Sahâmia Martins Ribeiro, Kátia Maria Marabuco DE Sousa
Being a fast and safe method in the hands of well trained professionals in both prehospital and intrahospital care, Cricothyrotomy has been broadly recommended as the initial surgical airway in the scenario "can't intubate, can't ventilate", and is particularly useful when the obstruction level is above or at the glottis. Its prolonged permanence, however, is an endless source of controversy. In this review we evaluate the complications of cricothyrotomy and the need of its routine conversion to tracheotomy through a search on PubMed, LILACS and SciELO electronic databases with no restriction to the year or language of the publication...
December 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272962/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263002/arginine-for-gestating-sows-and-foetal-development-a-systematic-review
#7
J Y P Palencia, M A G Lemes, C A P Garbossa, M L T Abreu, L J Pereira, M G Zangeronimo
The use of functional amino acids during pregnancy has been linked to improved reproduction in mammals. In this context, arginine is a precursor in the synthesis of numerous molecules, such as nitric oxide and polyamines, which play an important role during reproduction. However, contradictory studies are found in the literature, particularly regarding the amount of supplementation and the period of pregnancy in which it is used. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary arginine supplementation for pregnant sows on foetal development via a systematic review...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259847/the-prognostic-value-of-mri-in-determining-reinjury-risk-following-acute-hamstring-injury-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Moniek van Heumen, Johannes L Tol, Robert-Jan de Vos, Maarten H Moen, Adam Weir, John Orchard, Gustaaf Reurink
BACKGROUND: A challenge for sports physicians is to estimate the risk of a hamstring re-injury, but the current evidence for MRI variables as a risk factor is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on the prognostic value of MRI findings at index injury and/or return to play for acute hamstring re-injuries. DATA SOURCES: Databases of PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL, Google Scholar, Web of Science, LILACS, SciELO, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, SPORTDiscus and Cochrane Library were searched until 20 June 2016...
March 4, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255752/is-there-enough-evidence-to-use-botulinum-toxin-injections-for-bruxism-management-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Giancarlo De la Torre Canales, Mariana Barbosa Câmara-Souza, Camilla Fraga do Amaral, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia, Daniele Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature assessing the effects of botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) injections in the management of bruxism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search for articles involved the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane, Scielo and Lilacs databases. Specific terms were used and the search carried out from 1980 to March 2016 by three independent researchers. Randomized controlled studies (RCTs), prospective and before-after studies that applied BoNT-A at the masseter and/or temporalis muscles were included...
March 2, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244795/dietas-bajas-en-hidratos-de-carbono-para-diab%C3%A3-ticos-de-tipo-2-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#10
Javier Valenzuela Mencía, Rafael Fernández Castillo, María Begoña Martos Cabrera, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín García, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas de la Fuente
Introducción: usualmente se ha recomendado a personas diabéticas seguir una dieta baja en grasas. Sin embargo, las dietas bajas en carbohidratos (DBCH) parecen ser, al menos, igual de efectivas que las bajas en grasas, incluso aportan mejores resultados en algunos casos en cuanto a control glicémico, disminución de peso corporal y mejora de marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular.Objetivos: analizar el efecto de las DBCH con respecto a dietas bajas en grasas (DBG) u otras, en cuanto a glucemia basal, hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), peso corporal, colesterol total y triglicéridos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238103/association-between-overweight-obesity-and-periodontal-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
L Martens, S De Smet, M Y P M Yusof, S Rajasekharan
AIM: To provide a systematic review and meta-analyses investigating the association between overweight/obesity as defined by Body Mass Index (BMI) and periodontal disease in terms of clinical periodontal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted by two authors (SR and SD) independently in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science (ISI), Scopus, Scielo, Lilacs and System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe (SIGLE) for full articles published until September 2015...
February 25, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237301/aging-and-wave-component-latency-delays-in-ovemp-and-cvemp-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
Ysa Karen Dos Santos Macambira, Aline Tenório Lins Carnaúba, Luciana Castelo Branco Camurça Fernandes, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Pedro de Lemos Menezes
INTRODUCTION: The natural aging process may result in morphological changes in the vestibular system and in the afferent neural pathway, including loss of hair cells, decreased numbers of vestibular nerve cells, and loss of neurons in the vestibular nucleus. Thus, with advancing age, there should be a decrease in amplitudes and an increase in latencies of the vestibular evoked myogenic potentials, especially the prolongation of p13 latency. Moreover, many investigations have found no significant differences in latencies with advancing age...
February 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228347/effect-of-hyaluronic-acid-on-the-regulation-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-osteoarthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
V Iturriaga, T Bornhardt, C Manterola, P Brebi
Osteoarthritis is one of the most frequent pathologies affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). There is evidence that the use of intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) for the treatment of this disorder achieves positive effects through a reduction in inflammatory mediators. A systematic review of the available evidence regarding the regulation of inflammatory mediators when applying HA in osteoarthritis of the TMJ in humans was performed. The Web of Science, Embase, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, Scopus, EBSCOhost, and LILACS databases, SciELO library, and search engine Trip Database were searched systematically...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226060/nonpharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure-an-integrative-review
#14
Daniela Reuter do Amaral, Marina Bertelli Rossi, Camila Takao Lopes, Juliana de Lima Lopes
Objective: to identify articles that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions to improve quality of life of people with heart failure in the literature. Method: an integrative literature review was performed in Lilacs, MedLine and SciELO databases, including randomized or nonrandomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies published between 2003 and 2014, in Portuguese, English or Spanish. Results: twenty-three studies were included...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226059/quality-of-working-life-assessment-of-intervention-studies
#15
Maiza Claudia Vilela Hipólito, Valéria Aparecida Masson, Maria Inês Monteiro, Gustavo Luis Gutierrez
Objective: to analyze the production of knowledge about interventions on quality of working life. Method: integrative review study. The following databases were used for study selection: SciELO, Medline and PubMed. Results: the sample included 25 national and international articles that described programs and methods to acquire healthy habits at the workplace and attenuate its mental demands. Conclusion: by observing the number of businesses throughout the world, a low number of programs addressing workers' health and well-being can be found, and the establishment of efficient policies at institutions could improve this situation...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225881/zinc-and-metalloproteinases-2-and-9-what-is-their-relation-with-breast-cancer
#16
Aldenora Oliveira do Nascimento Holanda, Ana Raquel Soares de Oliveira, Kyria Jayanne Clímaco Cruz, Juliana Soares Severo, Jennifer Beatriz Silva Morais, Benedito Borges da Silva, Dilina do Nascimento Marreiro
Zinc is the catalytic component of proteins that regulate responses to DNA damage, intracellular signaling enzymes, and matrix metalloproteinases, which are important proteins in carcinogenesis. The objective of this review is to bring current information on the participation of zinc and matrix metalloproteinases types 2 and 9 in mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of breast cancer. We conducted a literature review, in consultation with the PubMed, Lilacs, and Scielo databases. The zinc and cysteine residues are structural elements shared by all members of the family of matrix metalloproteinases, and these proteins appear to be involved in the propagation of various types of neoplasms, including breast cancer...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225876/anticoagulation-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-systematic-search
#17
Nayara L Froio, Richard Murdoch Montgomery, Elias David-Neto, Ivan Aprahamian
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is one of the most important diseases worldwide. Several clinical scenarios demand full dose of anticoagulants primary to stroke etiology or to the treatment of comorbidity. However, controversy exists over many issues regarding anticoagulation treatment in stroke such as time for initiation, efficacy according to stroke etiology, the ideal dose of anticoagulants, and whether novel anticoagulants should be used. METHOD: Computerized search for clinical trials and randomized controlled clinical trials was done to the present date at Medline, Scielo, Embase, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Library using MeSH terms and the keywords stroke, ischemic stroke, anticoagulation, anticoagulants, heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225850/the-influence-of-morphological-awareness-on-reading-and-writing-a-systematic-review
#18
Ainoã Athaide Macedo Silva, Vanessa de Oliveira Martins-Reis
Purpose: this study aimed to perform a systematic review of national and international studies about the relationship between morphological awareness, reading/writing, reading comprehension, and spelling. Research strategies: a search for national and international literature was carried out using databases Medline (via PubMed) and Portal de Periódicos da Capes (Eric, PsycINFO, LILACS, SciELO) from August to September 2015. Selection criteria: the inclusion criteria were: studies that answered the guiding question and addressed the subject matter established by the descriptors and keywords...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225048/thiamine-deficiency-oxidative-metabolic-pathways-and-ethanol-induced-neurotoxicity-how-poor-nutrition-contributes-to-the-alcoholic-syndrome-as-marchiafava-bignami-disease
#19
REVIEW
L M P Fernandes, F R Bezerra, M C Monteiro, M L Silva, F R de Oliveira, R R Lima, E A Fontes-Júnior, C S F Maia
Ethanol is an important risk factor for the occurrence of several brain disorders that depend on the amount, period and frequency of its consumption. Chronic use of ethanol often leads to the development of neurodegenerative syndromes, which cause morphological and functional impairments such as foetal alcohol syndrome in newborns exposed to ethanol during pregnancy, Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome and, more rarely, Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD). MBD is characterized by primary degeneration of the corpus callosum, without inflammation and is associated with oxidative stress and hypovitaminosis, as well as altered mental status, to mention dementia, seizures, depression and so on...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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