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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453137/scientific-evidence-on-perineal-trauma-during-labor-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Flaviana Vieira, Janaina V Guimarães, Marcia C S Souza, Poliana M L Sousa, Rafaela F Santos, Agueda M R Z Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence for management and preservation of perineal integrity during the expulsive stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Integrative review that employed the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome strategy to formulate the research question: Which perineal measure(s) is(are) effective in maintaining perineal integrity during labor? The search was performed in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SciELO. The ten selected studies were analyzed based on their level of evidence and grade of recommendation...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453093/instruments-for-evaluation-of-safety-culture-in-primary-health-care-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
P F Vasconcelos, L P Arruda, V E C Sousa Freire, R E F L Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to conduct an investigation of the tools used to assess safety culture in the primary health care. STUDY DESIGN: Integrative review of the literature. METHODS: We conducted a literature search using an instrument that included quantitative assessments of safety culture, using the following databases: CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PubMed, BIREME, and SciELO. Retrieved material comprised original articles published from 1998 to 2014, with titles and abstracts available in English, Portuguese, Spanish, and French...
February 13, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452127/serotonergic-psychedelics-and-personality-a-systematic-review-of-contemporary-research
#3
REVIEW
José Carlos Bouso, Rafael G Dos Santos, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, Jaime E C Hallak
Serotonergic psychedelics act as agonists at cortical 5-HT 2A receptors and seem to induce personality changes. We conducted a systematic review of studies assessing the effects of these drugs on personality. Papers published from 1985 to 2016 were included from PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO databases. Three hundred and sixty-nine studies were identified, and 18 were included. Specific personality traits, such as Absorption and Self-Transcendence, seem to influence the effects of psychedelics, and psychedelic drug users and nonusers appear to differ in some personality traits...
February 13, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428899/efficacy-of-lacosamide-in-children-and-adolescents-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy-and-refractory-status-epilepticus-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Johann Sebastián Ortiz de la Rosa, Lady Diana Ladino, Paula Juliana Rodríguez, María Camila Rueda, Juan Pablo Polanía, Angie Catalina Castañeda
PURPOSE: Lacosamide, is one of the newer antiepileptic drug approved for focal drug-resistant epilepsy as an add-on treatment in patients older than 16 years. However, there is growing evidence of its use, safety and efficacy in children. We aim to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of lacosamide in focal and generalized drug-resistant epilepsy and refractory status epilepticus in the pediatric population. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review on MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE, Google Scholar and Scielo from January 2008 to January 2017...
February 7, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428197/therapeutic-impact-of-statins-on-the-lipid-profile-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-a-meta-analysis
#5
Paula Sánchez, Esteban Toro-Trujillo, Oscar M Muñoz-Velandia, Angel Alberto García, Daniel G Fernández-Ávila
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence of a rise in cardiovascular risk in patients suffering from autoimmune diseases, especially in those with Sistemic Lupus Erythematosus. Until now, there are a few trials that assess the potencial benefit of statins on the incidence of cardiovascular events and on lipid profile of patients with SLE. This evidence has not been synthesized and assessed altogether. METHODS: We performed a search in databases of literature published until August of 2016 (Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, SciELO, Clinical Evidence, DynaMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, LILACS), identifying controlled clinical trials that could estimate the impact of statins on mortality, cardiovascular events, C-reactive protein and lipid profile in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus...
February 7, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417427/computer-assistive-technology-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Valéria Baldassin, Helena Eri Shimizu, Emerson Fachin-Martins
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to identify and organize evidence regarding quality of life influenced by assistive technology related to computers for people with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Distrito Federal, Brazil. METHODS: A search strategy was conducted on the PubMed, PEDro, LILACS, PsycINFO, and SCIELO. All types of study designs considering assistive technology to improve quality of life for individuals with SCI were included...
February 7, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412432/bone-geometry-and-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review
#7
Tathyane Krahenbühl, Roseane de Fátima Guimarães, Antonio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review on the practice of physical activity and/or sports in health and its influence on bone geometry of healthy children and adolescents. DATA SOURCE: The method used as reference was the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Databases searched for articles published from 2006 to 2016, with "Bone geometry" AND (Sport* OR Exercise* OR "Physical Activity") as descriptors, were PubMed, BIREME/LILACS and SciELO...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412426/selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-in-cerebral-palsy-selection-criteria-and-postoperative-physical-therapy-protocols
#8
Renata D'Agostini Nicolini-Panisson, Ana Paula Tedesco, Maira Rech Folle, Márcio Vinicius Fagundes Donadio
OBJECTIVE: To identify selection criteria for selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) in cerebral palsy, to analyze the instruments used for evaluation, and to describe the characteristics of physical therapy in postoperative protocols. DATA SOURCES: Integrative review performed in the following databases: SciELO, PEDro, Cochrane Library, and PubMed. The terms in both Portuguese and English for "cerebral palsy", "selective dorsal rhizotomy", and "physical therapy" were used in the search...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412403/-perception-scales-of-validated-food-insecurity-the-experience-of-the-countries-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#9
Naiara Sperandio, Dayane de Castro Morais, Silvia Eloiza Priore
The scope of this systematic review was to compare the food insecurity scales validated and used in the countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, and analyze the methods used in validation studies. A search was conducted in the Lilacs, SciELO and Medline electronic databases. The publications were pre-selected by titles and abstracts, and subsequently by a full reading. Of the 16,325 studies reviewed, 14 were selected. Twelve validated scales were identified for the following countries: Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Mexico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Argentina and Guatemala...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410748/polysomnographic-aspects-of-sleep-architecture-on-self-limited-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Camila Dos Santos Halal, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
Self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes is the most common paediatric epileptic syndrome, with growing evidence linking it to various degrees and presentations of neuropsychological dysfunction. The objective of this study is to evaluate the possible sleep macro and microstructural alterations in children with this diagnosis. A systematic review of published manuscripts was carried out in Medline, LILACS and Scielo databases, using the MeSH terms epilepsy, sleep and polysomnography . From 753 retrieved references, 5 were selected, and data from macro and, when available, microstructure of sleep were extracted...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410747/sleep-quality-in-children-questionnaires-available-in-brazil
#11
Maria Gabriela Cavalheiro, Camila de Castro Corrêa, Luciana Paula Maximino, Silke Anna Theresa Weber
Introduction: The purpose of this paper was to evaluate and compare the questionnaires regarding sleep quality among children aged up to 12 years old, used in the Portuguese language in Brazil. Material and methods: A search at the literature databases of Lilacs, Scielo and Pubmed was performed using keywords "sleep quality" and "children". Selected Articles were analysed for age of the studied population, the number of questions and the issues addressed thereby, who realized the application, the analysis of the results, and content...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391071/natural-vertical-transmission-of-dengue-virus-in-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Victor Henrique Ferreira-de-Lima, Tamara Nunes Lima-Camara
Dengue is of great concern in various parts of the world, especially in tropical and subtropical countries where the mosquito vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are present. The transmission of this virus to humans, by what is known as horizontal transmission, occurs through the bite of infected females of one or other of the two mosquito species. Furthermore, an infected female or male parent, by what is known as vertical transmission, can transfer this arbovirus to some part of their offspring. Considering that vertical transmission may represent an important strategy for maintaining the circulation of arboviruses in nature, the verification of this phenomenon worldwide is extremely important and necessary to better understand its dynamic...
February 1, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384732/a-systematic-review-of-odontological-sex-estimation-methods
#13
C Capitaneanu, G Willems, P Thevissen
BACKGROUND: In human identification sex estimation plays an important role in the search for ante-mortem data. AIM: To systematically review studies describing and testing/validating methods of odontological sex estimation. The set research question was: What odontological sex estimation method is the most accurate? MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search until November 29th 2016 was performed in 5 databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, LILACS and Grey literature...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383205/efficacy-of-boric-acid-as-a-treatment-of-choice-for-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-and-its-ototoxicity
#14
REVIEW
Indri Adriztina, Linda Irwani Adenin, Yuliani Mardiati Lubis
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases worldwide, especially affecting children. The patients or the parents of the affected children are often worried about the cost of medical visits, prescription medicines, or inconsistently effective medication. The complications of CSOM have been greatly reduced because of the development of antibiotics; however, the irrational use of antibiotics has led to the emergence of organisms resistant to the commonly used drugs...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382522/-screening-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-preschoolers-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
Maribel Vega-Arce, Gastón Núñez-Ulloa
The aim of the present article was to describe available scientific publications detailing strategies and screening tools for Adverse Childhood Experiences in preschoolers (2 to 5 years of age). A scoping review of the topic was carried out through investigative articles published in peer review journals from January 1998 to June 2017 and indexed in seven international databases (Cochrane Library, EBSCO, PubMed, Science Direct, Springer, Web of Science and Scielo). The articles were selected based on predefined criteria, using limiters and manual screening...
November 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377171/the-effect-of-adjusting-the-ph-of-local-anaesthetics-in-dentistry-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
P V Aulestia-Viera, M M Braga, M A Borsatti
The acidic nature of commercial local anaesthetics (LAs) can cause pain during infiltration and delay the onset of anaesthesia. It is suggested that adjusting the pH of anaesthetic agents could minimize these effects. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of buffered LAs in reducing infiltration pain and onset time in during dental procedures. MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and Scielo databases were searched up to April 2017. Randomized controlled trials comparing buffered and unbuffered LAs for intraoral injections were included...
January 29, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372451/biodentine%C3%A2-material-characteristics-and-clinical-applications-a-3%C3%A2-year-literature-review-and-update
#17
REVIEW
S Rajasekharan, L C Martens, R G E C Cauwels, R P Anthonappa
INTRODUCTION: Biodentine™ has frequently been acknowledged in the literature as a promising material and serves as an important representative of tricalcium silicate based cements used in dentistry. AIM: To provide an update on the physical and biological properties of Biodentine™ and to compare these properties with those of other tricalcium silicate cements namely, different variants of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) such as ProRoot MTA, MTA Angelus, Micro Mega MTA (MM-MTA), Retro MTA, Ortho MTA, MTA Plus, GCMTA, MTA HP and calcium enriched mixture (CEM), Endosequence and Bioaggregate™...
January 25, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371903/tobacco-influence-on-taste-and-smell-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Allessandra Fraga Da Ré, Léia Gonçalves Gurgel, Gabriela Buffon, Weluma Evelyn Rodrigues Moura, Deisi Cristina Gollo Marques Vidor, Márcia Angelica Peter Maahs
Introduction  In Brazil, estimates show that 14.7% of the adult population smokes, and changes in smell and taste arising from tobacco consumption are largely present in this population, which is an aggravating factor to these dysfunctions. Objectives  The objective of this study is to systematically review the findings in the literature about the influence of smoking on smell and taste. Data Synthesis  Our research covered articles published from January 1980 to August 2014 in the following databases: MEDLINE (accessed through PubMed), LILACS, Cochrane Library, and SciELO...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370683/systematic-review-of-published-data-on-the-worldwide-prevalence-of-john-cunningham-virus-jcv-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Sonia Castedo Paz, Luciana Prats Branco, Marina Alves Camargo Pereira, Caroline Vieira Spessotto, Yara Dadalti Fragoso
Purpose: The John Cunningham virus (JCV) is a polyoma virus that infects humans mainly in childhood or adolescence, and presents no symptomatic manifestations. JCV can cause progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in immunosuppressed individuals, including those undergoing treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). PML is a severe and potentially fatal disease of the brain. The prevalence of JCV antibodies has been described to be between 50% and 90% in human serum...
January 5, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366557/-tacit-knowledge-characteristics-in-nursing-practice
#20
Natalia Pérez-Fuillerat, M Carmen Solano-Ruiz, Manuel Amezcua
INTRODUCTION: Tacit knowledge can be defined as knowledge which is used intuitively and unconsciously, which is acquired through one's experience, characterized by being personal and contextual. Some terms such as 'intuition', 'know how' and 'implicit knowledge' have been used to describe tacit knowledge. Different disciplines in the fields of management or health have studied tacit knowledge, identifying it as a powerful tool to create knowledge and clinical decision-making. The aim of this review is to analyse the definition and characteristics that make up tacit knowledge and determine the role it plays in the nursing discipline...
January 20, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
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