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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898180/apical-negative-pressure-irrigation-versus-syringe-irrigation-a-systematic-review-of-cleaning-and-disinfection-of-the-root-canal-system
#1
REVIEW
E Konstantinidi, Z Psimma, L E Chávez de Paz, C Boutsioukis
The aim of this study was to systematically review and critically analyse the published data on the treatment outcome (primary outcome) and on the cleaning and disinfection of root canals (secondary outcomes) achieved by negative pressure irrigation as compared to syringe irrigation. An electronic search was conducted in EMBASE, LILACS, Pubmed, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge using both free-text keywords and controlled vocabulary. Additional studies were sought through hand-searching of endodontic journals and of the relevant chapters of endodontic textbooks...
November 28, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895065/social-determinants-and-maternal-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-of-obstetric-patients-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Angela Taft, Susan McDonald, Wendy Pollock, Joel Christian Roque Henriquez
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality is a potentially preventable public health issue. Maternal morbidity is increasingly of interest to aid the reduction of maternal mortality. Obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are an important part of the global burden of maternal morbidity. Social determinants influence health outcomes of pregnant women. Additionally, intimate partner violence has a great negative impact on women's health and pregnancy outcome. However, little is known about the contextual and social aspects of obstetric patients treated in the ICU...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881522/prevalence-of-papillomavirus-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Verônica Colpani, Augusto Bacelo Bidinotto, Maicon Falavigna, Silvana Pereira Giozza, Adele Schwartz Benzaken, Cristina Pimenta, Ana Goretti Kalume Maranhão, Carla Magda Allan Santos Domingues, Luciano Serpa Hammes, Eliana M Wendland
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a cause of premalignant and malignant cancer in the lower genital and digestive tracts. In Brazil, there have been no prevalence studies that included a nationwide sample, and the prevalence of HPV has not been determined in many regions. METHODS: We will search the EMBASE, LILACS, MEDLINE, Web of Science and SciELO databases and previously published review articles to identify original research articles assessing HPV prevalence of the perineal (cervical, penile and anal) and oral areas...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878878/efficacy-and-safety-of-amphotericin-b-lipid-based-formulations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Laiza M Steimbach, Fernanda S Tonin, Suzane Virtuoso, Helena H L Borba, Andréia C C Sanches, Astrid Wiens, Fernando Fernandez-Llimós, Roberto Pontarolo
Invasive fungal infections, an important cause of mortality, are primarily treated using amphotericin B, which is available in different formulations, both conventional and lipid-based (liposomal, lipid complex, colloidal dispersion and Intralipid(®) infusion). The aim of our study was to determine the efficacy and safety of conventional amphotericin B vs its lipid-based formulations. A systematic review followed by pairwise meta-analysis was performed, including randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the use of lipid-based amphotericin B in patients with any degree of immunosuppression and susceptibility to invasive fungal infection...
November 22, 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868231/aprepitant-in-pediatric-patients-using-moderate-and-highly-emetogenic-protocols-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Lucas Miyake Okumura, Fernanda D' Athayde Rodrigues, Maria Angelica Pires Ferreira, Leila Beltrami Moreira
AIMS: To review the efficacy and safety of aprepitant in combination with ondansetron and dexamethasone (triple therapy) in children and adolescents on moderate to highly emetogenic chemotherapy. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Scielo, Lilacs, Cochrane and congress abstracts published until September 2016 were used as data sources. Two reviewers independently selected manuscripts and extracted data. A third reviewer solved discrepancies in study's selection and data extraction...
November 20, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861252/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-in-portugal
#6
Mário J Silva, João Valente, Tiago Capela, Pedro Russo, Filipe Calinas
The epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal is insufficiently characterized. We aimed to review the epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal since 1980. A literature review was performed in MEDLINE, Scielo, Web of Science, and the Portuguese Scientific Repository for studies containing 'Hepatitis B' and 'Portugal' published from 1980 to June 2016. The initial search was complemented by abstract books from national gastroenterology and hepatology meetings and reports from the Service for Intervention on Addictive Behaviours and Dependences, the Portuguese Blood Institute, and Directorate-General of Health...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849292/health-policy-on-the-pages-of-revista-de-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica
#7
Aylene Bousquat, Oswaldo Yoshimi Tanaka
We carried out a narrative review of the scientific production in the area of Policy, Planning and Management in Revista de Saúde Pública (RSP), between 1967 and 2015. All the fascicles of RSP, in the period, were accessed via SciELO platform, which provides all articles online. We selected and classified the articles according to the main topics of scientific production in the area of Policy, Planning and Management. Revista de Saúde Pública has published 343 articles on this subject, with significant growth in the last two decades...
November 10, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849291/revista-de-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-in-scientific-publications-on-violence-and-health-1967-2015
#8
Lilia Blima Schraiber, Claudia Barros, Ana Flávia Pires Lucas d'Oliveira, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
This article retrieved the publications from the Revista de Saúde Pública journal (from 1967 to 2015) on violence and health, on the SciELO and PubMed bases, by searching for the terms "violence", "suicide", "aggression", "bullying", and "external causes", registered in any part of the text. We found 130 articles (the first one published in 1974). We observed: increase of publications over time, with decrease in the last five years; similar production volume in lethal and non-lethal violence; later publication of the latter; few studies in qualitative research; mostly descriptive production; and visualization of the problem more by the acts than by contexts or motivations and aggressors...
November 10, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849248/what-we-know-of-the-central-auditory-disorders-in-children-exposed-to-alcohol-during-pregnancy-systematic-review
#9
Humberto de Oliveira Simões, Sthella Zanchetta, Erikson Felipe Furtado
Purpose: To identify the effects of alcohol intake during pregnancy on the central auditory nervous system in relation to their possible diagnosis, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Alcohol-Related Birth Defects and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder, his extension and the hearing assessment method. Research strategy: Systematic and integrative review searched the databases PubMed, LILACS and SciELO, with terms in Portuguese and English "fetal alcohol syndrome", "alcohol-related disorders" associated with "hearing"...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849241/relationship-between-auditory-perception-and-vocal-production-in-cochlear-implantees-a-systematic-review
#10
Helena Renata Silva Cysneiros, Mariana de Carvalho Leal, Jonia Alves Lucena, Lilian Ferreira Muniz
Purpose: To conduct a systematic review of the scientific literature studying the relationship between vocal production and auditory perception in cochlear implant users. Research strategies: This is an integrative systematic review. The plattforms/databases Bireme, SciELO, Cochrane, Scopus and Web of Science were consulted and the descriptors used were voice, cochlear implant and auditory perception. Selection criteria: Original papers published in English, French, Spanish or Portuguese involving the study of vocal production and auditory perception in cochlear implant users were selected and there was no restriction about year of publication of the articles...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847336/mexican-arnica-heterotheca-inuloides-cass-asteraceae-astereae-ethnomedical-uses-chemical-constituents-and-biological-properties
#11
REVIEW
José Luis Rodríguez-Chávez, Verónica Egas, Edelmira Linares, Robert Bye, Tzasna Hernández, Francisco J Espinosa-García, Guillermo Delgado
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Heterotheca inuloides Cass. (Asteraceae) has been traditionally used to treat a wide range of diseases in Mexico in the treatment of rheumatism, topical skin inflammation, muscular pain colic, and other painful conditions associated with inflammatory processes, additionally has been used to treat dental diseases, and gastrointestinal disorders. This species has also been used for the treatment of cancer and diabetes. This review provides up-to-date information on the botanical characterization, traditional uses, chemical constituents, as well as the biolological activities of H...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828604/publication-rate-of-abstracts-presented-in-a-brazilian-experimental-surgery-congress
#12
Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito, Nara Macedo Botelho, Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Daniel Haber Feijó, Igor Nagai Yamaki, Carolina Ribeiro Mainardi
PURPOSE: To verify the publication rate of the abstracts presented at the XII Brazilian Congress of Experimental Surgery. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study that evaluated if the abstracts accepted for presentation at the XII Brazilian Congress of Experimental Surgery were published in periodics. The information was acquired using the Scielo, Medline / Pubmed, LILACS and Google Scholar databases. RESULTS: From all the abstracts presented, only 77 (40...
October 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821252/current-knowledge-of-environmental-exposure-in-children-during-the-sensitive-developmental-periods
#13
Norma Helena Perlroth, Christina Wyss Castelo Branco
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the scientific evidence on the risks and effects of exposure to environmental contaminants in children during sensitive developmental periods. DATA SOURCE: The search was performed in the Bireme database, using the terms: children's health, environmental exposure, health vulnerability, toxicity pathways and developmental disabilities in the LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO systems. DATA SYNTHESIS: Children differ from adults in their unique physiological and behavioral characteristics and the potential exposure to risks caused by several threats in the environment...
November 4, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818835/the-genus-luehea-malvaceae-tiliaceae-review-about-chemical-and-pharmacological-aspects
#14
REVIEW
João Tavares Calixto-Júnior, Selene Maia de Morais, Aracélio Viana Colares, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho
Popularly known as "açoita-cavalo" (whips-horse), Luehea species (Malvaceae-Tilioideae) are native to America and are used in folk medicine as anti-inflammatory, antidiarrheal, antiseptic, expectorant, and depurative and against skin infections. Although there are studies showing the chemical constituents of some species, the active substances have not been properly identified. A systematic study was carried out through a computer search of data on CAPES journals, SciELO, ISI Bireme, PubMed, ScienceDirect, ScienceDomain Medline, and Google Scholar from published articles using key words: Luehea, açoita-cavalo, and Malvaceae...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818546/tomography-patterns-of-lung-disease-in-systemic-sclerosis
#15
REVIEW
Andréa de Lima Bastos, Ricardo de Amorim Corrêa, Gilda Aparecida Ferreira
Currently, lung impairment is the leading factor responsible for the morbidity and mortality associated with systemic sclerosis. Therefore, the recognition of the various tomography patterns becomes decisive in the clinical management of these patients. In high-resolution computed tomography studies, the most common pattern is that of nonspecific interstitial pneumonia. However, there are other forms of lung involvement that must also be recognized. The aim of this study was to review the literature on the main changes resulting from pulmonary involvement in systemic sclerosis and the corresponding radiological findings, considering the current classification of interstitial diseases...
September 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814864/non-invasive-methods-of-computer-vision-in-the-posture-evaluation-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#16
REVIEW
Rozilene Maria C Aroeira, Estevam B de Las Casas, Antônio Eustáquio M Pertence, Marcelo Greco, João Manuel R S Tavares
PURPOSE: Reviewing techniques for non-invasive postural evaluation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) based on information extraction from images based on computer methods. METHODS: The Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE, ScieLo and PubMed databases were used, for the period 2011-2015. RESULTS: 131 articles were found based on keyword of which 15 articles met the established eligibility criteria. Of these, 4 were based on photogrammetry, and 11 based on laser, structured light, ultrasound, and Moiré projection...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813158/identification-and-management-of-elder-physical-abuse-in-the-routine-of-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Luanderson O Silva, Bianca N Souza-Silva, José Lucas de Alcântara Rodrigues, Lilian Rigo, Graziela O Cericato, Ademir Franco, Luiz R Paranhos
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic search in the literature in order to verify whether the dentists are able to identify and manage cases elder physical abuse. BACKGROUND: Dentists may play an important legal role contributing to the management of abused patients through the identification of injuries in their face, head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present systematic review was performed following the PRISMA Statement and was registered in the PROSPERO database...
November 4, 2016: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810346/effects-of-psychotropic-drugs-used-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-on-the-recognition-of-facial-expressions-of-emotion-critical-analysis-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Alini Daniéli Viana Sabino, Marcos Hortes N Chagas, Flávia L Osório
Deficits in recognition of facial expressions of emotion (RFEE) play a central role in the manifestation of anxiety disorders (AD). We systematically reviewed the literature to determine effects of drugs used in AD treatment on RFEE, based on outcomes of accuracy rate, reaction time, and intensity. Electronic databases, including Pubmed, PsycINFO, and Scielo, were used without time constraints. Twenty-six clinical/experimental studies on healthy subjects, focusing on 11 drugs, published in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, were selected...
October 31, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810345/classical-hallucinogens-and-neuroimaging-a-systematic-review-of-human-studies-hallucinogens-and-neuroimaging
#19
REVIEW
Rafael G Dos Santos, Flávia L Osório, José Alexandre S Crippa, Jaime E C Hallak
Serotonergic hallucinogens produce alterations of perceptions, mood, and cognition, and have anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antiaddictive properties. These drugs act as agonists of frontocortical 5-HT2A receptors, but the neural basis of their effects are not well understood. Thus, we conducted a systematic review of neuroimaging studies analyzing the effects of serotonergic hallucinogens in man. Studies published in the PubMed, Lilacs, and SciELO databases until 12 April 2016 were included using the following keywords: "ayahuasca", "DMT", "psilocybin", "LSD", "mescaline" crossed one by one with the terms "mri", "fmri", "pet", "spect", "imaging" and "neuroimaging"...
October 31, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802009/impact-of-local-treatment-on-overall-survival-of-patients-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Arie Carneiro, Willy Baccaglini, Felipe P A Glina, Paulo P Kayano, Victor M Nunes, Oren Smaletz, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Icaro Thiago de Carvalho, Gustavo Caserta Lemos
CONTEXT: Currently, standard treatment of metastatic prostatic cancer (MPCa) is androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). Recent studies suggested that local treatment of MPCa is related to increase of survival of those patients, as observed in other tumors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of local treatment on overall survival and cancer specific survival in 3 and 5 years in patients with MPCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of population studies published at PubMed, Scielo, Lilacs, Cochrane and EMBASE databases until June 2016...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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