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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676446/an-approach-on-the-potential-use-of-probiotics-in-the-treatment-of-skin-conditions-acne-and-atopic-dermatitis
#1
REVIEW
Vitória H M Mottin, Edna S Suyenaga
Acne and Atopic Dermatitis (AD) are chronic inflammatory skin conditions with severe impact on a patient's life. Current treatments are related to adverse effects and do not represent a definitive cure. The present paper reviews the alterations in skin microbiome, specifically in acne and AD, and aims in searching for potential treatments based on benefic microorganisms, called probiotics. The review was made through bibliographic search of the main databases (Science Direct, PubMed, Scielo, Medline) between September 2015 and June 2016...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675778/systematic-review-of-the-mesopancreas-concept-and-clinical-implications
#2
REVIEW
J M Ramia, R De-la-Plaza, A Manuel-Vazquez, A Lopez-Marcano, R Morales
BACKGROUND: In 2007, Gockel et al. coined the term mesopancreas (MP). In the next 10 years, a limited number of publications about MP have been published, but little is known about the oncological benefit of MP resection. We performed a systematic review of the literature on MP. METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, Latindex, Scielo, and Koreamed databases until 15 June 2017 to identify all published articles dealing with the subject of MP...
April 19, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674372/obesity-and-eating-disorders-in-integrative-prevention-programmes-for-adolescents-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Ana Carolina Barco Leme, Debbe Thompson, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Theresa Nicklas, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, Tabbetha Lopez, Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Tom Baranowski
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and eating disorders are public health problems that have lifelong financial and personal costs and common risk factors, for example, body dissatisfaction, weight teasing and disordered eating. Obesity prevention interventions might lead to the development of an eating disorder since focusing on weight may contribute to excessive concern with diet and weight. Therefore, the proposed research will assess whether integrating obesity and eating disorder prevention procedures ('integrated approach') do better than single approach interventions in preventing obesity among adolescents, and if integrated approaches influence weight-related outcomes...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672911/the-quality-of-dying-and-death-measurement-instruments-a-systematic-psychometric-review
#4
REVIEW
Daniel Gutiérrez Sánchez, David Pérez Cruzado, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
AIMS: To identify instruments that could assess the quality of dying and death and their psychometric properties. Toassess the methodological quality of studies on measurement properties. BACKGROUND: A highquality of deathis regarded as a goal at the endoflife and, therefore, anassessment of the endoflife experience is essential. Many instruments have been developed to evaluate the quality of dying and death. The selection of the most appropriate measure to use in clinical and research settings being crucial...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668817/adverse-events-of-vaccines-and-the-consequences-of-non-vaccination-a-critical-review
#5
Luana Raposo de Melo Moraes Aps, Marco Aurélio Floriano Piantola, Sara Araujo Pereira, Julia Tavares de Castro, Fernanda Ayane de Oliveira Santos, Luís Carlos de Souza Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risks related to vaccines and the impacts of non-vaccination on the world population. METHODS: This is a narrative review that has considered information present in the bibliographic databases NCBI-PubMed, Medline, Lilacs, and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), between November 2015 and November 2016. For the analysis of outbreaks caused by non-vaccination, we considered the work published between 2010 and 2016. RESULTS: We have described the main components of the vaccines offered by the Brazilian public health system and the adverse events associated with these elements...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668787/factors-associated-with-health-risk-behaviors-among-brazilian-adolescents-an-integrative-review
#6
Luciana Ramos de Moura, Lilian Machado Torres, Matilde Meire Miranda Cadete, Cristiane de Freitas Cunha
OBJECTIVE: Identifying knowledge about factors associated with health risk behaviors among Brazilian adolescents. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature conducted in the Cochrane, IBECS, LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO databases in relation to risk behaviors recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. RESULTS: Thirty-seven (37) studies were analyzed, with a predominance of risky sexual behavior, tobacco use and violent behavior...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664334/influence-of-reminder-therapy-for-controlling-bacterial-plaque-in-patients-undergoing-orthodontic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Igor Felipe Pereira Lima, Walbert de Andrade Vieira, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Pedro Augusto Costa, Anderson Paulo Barbosa Lima, Matheus Melo Pithon, Luiz Renato Paranhos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence regarding the influence of reminder therapy on plaque index, gingival index, and white spots in patients subjected to orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized clinical trials were searched in the electronic databases LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, LIVIVO, and Cochrane Library. The databases OpenThesis and OpenGrey were used to capture the "gray literature," preventing selection and publication biases...
April 17, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662029/stryphnodendron-species-known-as-barbatim%C3%A3-o-a-comprehensive-report
#8
REVIEW
Tatiana M Souza-Moreira, Geisiany M Queiroz-Fernandes, Rosemeire C L R Pietro
Stryphnodendron spp., popularly known as "barbatimão", is the native Brazilian tree most often employed to treat wounds and infections. The aim of the present study was to highlight the importance of S. adstringens, as well as other Stryphnodendron species recognized as "barbatimão", to human health, depicting the relevance of ethnopharmacological knowledge to scientific evidence for uses, related chemical compounds, development of pharmaceutical formulations, and the establishment of toxicity parameters...
April 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661437/development-of-routine-dental-care-for-liver-transplant-outpatients
#9
S V Nascimento, A M Gonzalez, B Aguiar Roza, C F M G Pimentel, J Schirmer, S Mucci, D C Abranches
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation has become commonplace for patients with end-stage liver disease. The liver is a bodily organ of great importance, and its dysfunction can cause significant complications throughout the body. Patients with hepatic disease should be able to acquire knowledge of the physiology of the liver via the dental profession, and it is also necessary to modify some aspects of dental treatment even in healthy patients. Problems such as excessive bleeding and hepatotoxicity caused by some of the drugs used in dental treatment can lead to a decrease in systemic health...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661384/a-systematic-review-and-consensus-definitions-for-standardised-end-points-in-perioperative-medicine-pulmonary-complications
#10
REVIEW
T E F Abbott, A J Fowler, P Pelosi, M Gama de Abreu, A M Møller, J Canet, B Creagh-Brown, M Mythen, T Gin, M M Lalu, E Futier, M P Grocott, M J Schultz, R M Pearse
BACKGROUND: There is a need for robust, clearly defined, patient-relevant outcome measures for use in randomised trials in perioperative medicine. Our objective was to establish standard outcome measures for postoperative pulmonary complications research. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, Web of Science, SciELO, and the Korean Journal Database. Definitions were extracted from included manuscripts. We then conducted a three-stage Delphi consensus process to select the optimal outcome measures in terms of methodological quality and overall suitability for perioperative trials...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649724/evaluation-of-upper-limb-movements-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jamile Benite Palma Lopes, Renata Calhes Franco de Moura, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Natalia de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Claudia Santos Oliveira
The aim of the present study was to perform a review of the literature on current quantitative clinical methods for the evaluation of upper limb movements in children and adolescents with Down syndrome, with a focus on describing the variables, protocols, motor function and motor control. METHODS: A survey of PubMed, Scielo, BVS Bireme and PEDro databases using the following key words: upper limb and EMG and Down syndrome; upper limb and kinematics and Down syndrome; upper limb and motion analysis and Down syndrome; movement and upper limb and Down syndrome; upper limb and Down syndrome; reach and Down syndrome...
April 9, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644384/efficacy-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-women-with-overactive-bladder-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Silvia Monteiro, Cassio Riccetto, Angélica Araújo, Laryssa Galo, Nathália Brito, Simone Botelho
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in reducing overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in women. METHODS: Searches were performed at MEDLINE, PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scielo, and Central Cochrane Library PubMed until January 2017. Controlled trials were researched by two independent reviewers. Eligible studies were restricted to random and controlled clinical trials that investigated the effectiveness of PFMT in decreasing OAB symptoms...
April 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627738/polymerization-shrinkage-stress-of-resin-based-dental-materials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-composition-strategies
#13
REVIEW
Carine Tais Welter Meereis, Eliseu Aldrighi Münchow, Wellington Luiz de Oliveira da Rosa, Adriana Fernandes da Silva, Evandro Piva
PURPOSE: A systematic review was conducted to determine whether there were composition strategies available to reduce and control polymerization shrinkage stress development in resin-based restorative dental materials. DATA SOURCES: This report was reported in accordance with the PRISMA Statement. Two reviewers performed a literature search up to December 2016, without restriction of the year of publication, in seven databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS, IBECS, and BBO...
March 23, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623027/preclinical-to-clinical-translation-of-studies-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#14
Gabriela G Regner, Patrícia Pereira, Douglas T Leffa, Carla de Oliveira, Rafael Vercelino, Felipe Fregni, Iraci L S Torres
Epilepsy is a chronic brain syndrome characterized by recurrent seizures resulting from excessive neuronal discharges. Despite the development of various new antiepileptic drugs, many patients are refractory to treatment and report side effects. Non-invasive methods of brain stimulation, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), have been tested as alternative approaches to directly modulate the excitability of epileptogenic neural circuits. Although some pilot and initial clinical studies have shown positive results, there is still uncertainty regarding the next steps of investigation in this field...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622026/evidence-of-the-factors-that-influence-the-utilisation-of-kangaroo-mother-care-by-parents-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-a-scoping-review-protocol
#15
Christina T Mathias, Solange Mianda, Themba G Ginindza
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 emphasises on reducing neonatal deaths caused by low birth weight (LBW) complications by the implementation and utilisation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite the empirical evidence of KMC optimising low-birth-weight infants' (LBWIs') survival, its advantages and the LMICs implementing the service, studies have shown that LBW infant deaths occurring in LMICs are largely contributing to global child mortality...
April 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617507/closure-of-patent-foramen-ovale-versus-medical-therapy-after-cryptogenic-stroke-meta-analysis-of-five-randomized-controlled-trials-with-3440-patients
#16
Michel Pompeu Barros Oliveira Sá, Luiz de Albuquerque Pereira de Oliveira Neto, Gabriella Caroline Sales do Nascimento, Erik Everton da Silva Vieira, Gabriel Lopes Martins, Karine Coelho Rodrigues, Giulia Cioffi Nascimento, Alexandre Motta de Menezes, Ricardo Felipe de Albuquerque Lins, Frederico Pires Vasconcelos Silva, Ricardo Carvalho Lima
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether patent foramen ovale closure reduces the risk of stroke, also assessing some safety outcomes. INTRODUCTION: The clinical benefit of closing a patent foramen ovale after a cryptogenic stroke has been an open question for several decades, so that it is necessary to review the current state of published medical data in this regard. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LI-LACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for randomized controlled trials that reported any of the following outcomes: stroke, death, major bleeding or atrial fibrillation...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617356/clostridium-bacteria-and-autism-spectrum-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-hypothetical-contribution-of-environmental-glyphosate-levels
#17
REVIEW
Isadora Argou-Cardozo, Fares Zeidán-Chuliá
Nowadays, there seems to be a consensus about the multifactorial nature of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The literature provides hypotheses dealing with numerous environmental factors and genes accounting for the apparently higher prevalence of this condition. Researchers have shown evidence regarding the impact of gut bacteria on neurological outcomes, altering behavior and potentially affecting the onset and/or severity of psychiatric disorders. Pesticides and agrotoxics are also included among this long list of ASD-related environmental stressors...
April 4, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615299/procedures-for-central-auditory-processing-screening-in-schoolchildren
#18
Nádia Giulian de Carvalho, Thalita Ubiali, Maria Isabel Ramos do Amaral, Maria Francisca Colella Santos
INTRODUCTION: Central auditory processing screening in schoolchildren has led to debates in literature, both regarding the protocol to be used and the importance of actions aimed at prevention and promotion of auditory health. Defining effective screening procedures for central auditory processing is a challenge in Audiology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the scientific research on central auditory processing screening and discuss the effectiveness of the procedures utilized...
March 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611876/screening-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-self-reported-questionnaires
#19
REVIEW
Hipólito V Magalhães Junior, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio C Lima, Maria Angela F Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a swallowing disorder with signs and symptoms which may be present in older adults, but they are rarely noticed as a health concern by older people. The earliest possible identification of this clinical condition is needed by self-reported population-based screening questionnaire, which are valid and reliable for preventing risks to nutritional status, increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify self-reported screening questionnaires for oropharyngeal dysphagia in older adults to evaluate their methodological quality for population-based studies...
April 3, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611716/effects-of-iron-supplementation-versus-dietary-iron-on-the-nutritional-iron-status-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Luiz Gonzaga Ribeiro Silva Neto, João Eudes Dos Santos Neto, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Suzana Lima de Oliveira, Terezinha da Rocha Ataide
This meta-analysis compared the effects of dietary intervention versus iron supplementation on biochemical parameters related to the iron nutritional status in humans. The PubMed, CENTRAL, LILACS, SCIELO, OPENGREY.EU and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched for randomized clinical trials that assigned individuals to a dietary intervention or to an iron supplementation regimen, for 12 weeks or more. The primary outcome was the hemoglobin concentration, and secondary outcomes were ferritin, RDW, mean corpuscular volume, soluble transferrin receptor, total iron binding capacity, serum iron, and transferrin saturation...
April 3, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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