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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150758/predictors-for-achieving-adequate-protein-and-energy-intake-in-nursing-home-rehabilitation-patients
#1
J I van Zwienen-Pot, M Visser, H M Kruizenga
BACKGROUND: Adequate energy and protein intake could be essential for contributing significantly to the rehabilitations process. Data on the actual nutritional intake of older nursing home rehabilitation patients have not yet been investigated. AIMS: To investigate the nutritional intake and predictors for achieving protein and energy requirements on the 14th day of admission in nursing home rehabilitation patients. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients aged 65+ years newly admitted to nursing home rehabilitation wards were included...
November 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150719/preoperative-optimization-for-major-hepatic-resection
#2
REVIEW
Sarah Walcott-Sapp, Kevin G Billingsley
PURPOSE: Major hepatic resections are performed for primary hepatobiliary malignancies, metastatic disease, and benign lesions. Patients with chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and steatosis, are at an elevated risk of malnutrition and impaired strength and exercise capacity, deficits which cause increased risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The aims of this report are to discuss the pathophysiology of changes in nutrition, exercise capacity, and muscle strength in patient populations likely to require major hepatectomy, and review recommendations for preoperative evaluation and optimization...
November 18, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149845/early-nutritional-programming-affects-liver-transcriptome-in-diploid-and-triploid-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#3
L M Vera, C Metochis, J F Taylor, M Clarkson, K H Skjærven, H Migaud, D R Tocher
BACKGROUND: To ensure sustainability of aquaculture, plant-based ingredients are being used in feeds to replace marine-derived products. However, plants contain secondary metabolites which can affect food intake and nutrient utilisation of fish. The application of nutritional stimuli during early development can induce long-term changes in animal physiology. Recently, we successfully used this approach to improve the utilisation of plant-based diets in diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon...
November 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148625/evaluation-of-anabolic-steroid-induced-renal-damage-with-sonography-in-bodybuilders
#4
Umut H Kantarci, Zekine Punduk, Omer Senarslan, Alper Dirik
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of anabolic steroids on kidneys in bodybuilders. METHODS: Twenty two bodybuilders were included in the study. Participants were divided into three groups according to the scheme of steroid usage: Group 1 (n=8, intramuscular 500 mg testosterone enanthate, intramuscular 400 mg nandrolone decanoate and oral 40 mg methandrostenolone for 12 weeks), Group 2 (n=7, intramuscular 500 mg testosterone enanthate, intramuscular 300 mg nandrolone decanoate and intramuscular 300 mg boldenone undecylenate for 16 weeks) and Group 3 (n=7, no steroid intake)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148025/a-3-day-diary-of-dietary-protein-and-calorie-intake-by-serum-phosphate-concentration-and-binder-use-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Meiry J S Araújo, Luciana F Silva, Maria T S Martins, Cacia M Matos, Marcelo B Lopes, Rilma F S Santos, LarissaS Santos, Angiolina C Kraychete, Márcia T S Martins, Fernanda A Silva, Antonio A Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The use of phosphate binders to control hyperphosphatemia may allow diets less restricted in protein and calories for maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. The study compared intakes of protein, calorie and phosphate among MHD patients with different serum phosphate concentrations, taking into account binder use. The hypothesis was that low serum phosphate would be associated with low intakes of protein and calories only in patients not on binders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 443 patients enrolled in the Prospective Study of the Prognosis of Chronic Hemodialysis Patients (PROHEMO) in Salvador, Brazil, with stratified sampling on serum phosphate: ≤3...
November 4, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146495/polysaccharides-from-citrus-grandis-l-osbeck-suppress-inflammation-and-relieve-chronic-pharyngitis
#6
Liyan Chen, Yongfeng Lai, Lei Dong, Shasha Kang, Xiumei Chen
Chronic pharyngitis, a common inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa, is often caused by bacteria, viruses, alcohol abuse, overuse of the voice and cigarettes. This study aimed to explore the effects of polysaccharides of Citrus grandis L. Osbeck (PCG) in relieving chronic pharyngitis and illustrate the underlying mechanisms. Polysaccharides were obtained from PCG by column chromatographic extraction. Six clinical symptom scores, such as the severity of itchy throat, hoarseness, pain, odynophagia, cough and otalgia were evaluated in chronic pharyngitis patients after the oral intake of PCG...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146137/the-impact-of-additives-on-the-phosphorus-potassium-and-sodium-content-of-commonly-consumed-meat-poultry-and-fish-products-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Arti Sharma Parpia, Mary L'Abbé, Marc Goldstein, Joanne Arcand, Bernadene Magnuson, Pauline Darling
OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are advised to limit their dietary intake of phosphorus and potassium as hyperphosphatemia and hyperkalemia are both associated with an increased risk of mortality. There is uncertainty concerning the actual content of these minerals in the Canadian food supply, as phosphorus and potassium are increasingly being used as food additives. This study aimed to determine the impact of food additives on the chemically analyzed content of phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and protein in commonly consumed meat, poultry, and fish products (MPFs)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145755/defining-recognizing-and-reporting-malnutrition
#8
Marinos Elia
Although malnutrition is a common health and social care problem, there is no universal agreement about its definition, prevalence, or method of identification and report. Fifteen definitions of malnutrition were critically examined to assess their variability. They ranged from descriptions of undernutrition alone to under- and overnutrition, with intakes ranging from dietary protein and energy alone to dietary and nondietary sources of all nutrients and energy. Definitions also varied from non-outcome based to those based on functional, physiological, and/or clinical outcomes...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145563/neuronal-dnmt1-deficiency-attenuates-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#9
Emily C Bruggeman, John T Garretson, Rui Wu, Hang Shi, Bingzhong Xue
Aberrant neuronal DNA methylation patterns have been implicated in the promotion of obesity development, but the role of neuronal DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts; enzymes that catalyze DNA methylation) in energy balance remains poorly understood. We investigated whether neuronal Dnmt1 regulates normal energy homeostasis and obesity development using a novel Dnmt1 knockout mouse model, Dnmt1fl/fl Synapsin1Cre (ND1KO), which specifically deletes Dnmt1 in neurons.Neuronal Dnmt1 deficiency reduced adiposity in chow-fed mice and attenuated obesity in HFD-fed male mice...
November 14, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145068/anorexigenic-effects-induced-by-rvd-hemopressin-%C3%AE-administration
#10
Claudio Ferrante, Lucia Recinella, Sheila Leone, Annalisa Chiavaroli, Chiara Di Nisio, Sara Martinotti, Adriano Mollica, Giorgia Macedonio, Azzurra Stefanucci, Szabolcs Dvorácskó, Csaba Tömböly, Luciano De Petrocellis, Michele Vacca, Luigi Brunetti, Giustino Orlando
BACKGROUND: Hemopressin, VD-hemopressin(α) and RVD-hemopressin(α) are hemoglobin α chain derived-peptides which have been found in mouse brain, and where they modulate cannabinoid (CB) receptor function. The nonapeptide hemopressin has been reported to inhibit feeding after both central and peripheral administration, possibly playing a role of antagonist/inverse agonist of CB1 receptors, and consequently blocking the orexigenic effects of endogenous cannabinoids. VD-hemopressin(α) and RVD- hemopressin(α), are N-terminal extended forms of hemopressin...
June 3, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144888/energy-expenditure-and-intake-during-special-operations-forces-field-training-in-a-jungle-and-glacial-environment
#11
Caleb D Johnson, Andrew J Simonson, Matthew E Darnell, James P DeLany, Meleesa F Wohleber, Christopher Connaboy
The purpose of this study was to identify and compare energy requirements specific to Special Operations Forces in field training, in both cool and hot environments. Three separate training sessions were evaluated, two in a hot environment (n=21) and one in a cool environment (n=8). Total energy expenditure was calculated using doubly-labeled water. Dietary intake was assessed via self-report at the end of each training mission day, and macronutrient intakes were calculated. Across the three missions, mean energy expenditure (4,618 ± 1,350 kcal/day) exceeded mean energy intake (2,429 ± 838 kcal/day) by an average of 2,200 kcal/day...
November 16, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143708/genome-wide-association-study-for-growth-traits-in-nelore-cattle
#12
A P N Terakado, R B Costa, G M F de Camargo, N Irano, T Bresolin, L Takada, C V D Carvalho, H N Oliveira, R Carvalheiro, F Baldi, L G de Albuquerque
The objective of this study was to investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with birth weight, weight gain from birth to weaning and from weaning to yearling, yearling height and cow weight in Nelore cattle. Data from 5064 animals participating in the DeltaGen and PAINT breeding programs were used. The animals were genotyped with a panel of 777 962 SNPs (Illumina BovineHD BeadChip) and 412 993 SNPs remained after quality control analysis of the genomic data. A genome-wide association study was performed using a single-step methodology...
November 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142947/how-well-does-serum-albumin-correlate-with-dietary-protein-intake-in-dialysis-patients
#13
Samina Sarwar, Richard A Sherman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142894/comparison-of-energy-and-nutrient-contents-of-commercial-and-noncommercial-enteral-nutrition-solutions
#14
Nahid Ramezani Jolfaie, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Maryam Mirlohi, Mina Babashahi, Saeid Abbasi, Peiman Adibi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Leila Azadbakht
Background: Nutritional support plays a major role in the management of critically ill patients. This study aimed to compare the nutritional quality of enteral nutrition solutions (noncommercial vs. commercial) and the amount of energy and nutrients delivered and required in patients receiving these solutions. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 270 enterally fed patients. Demographic and clinical data in addition to values of nutritional needs and intakes were collected...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142651/prevention-of-insulin-resistance-by-dietary-intervention-among-pregnant-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azam Dadkhah-Tirani
Background: Chronic insulin resistance (IR) is a basic part of the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition significantly impacts IR and weight loss reduces insulin levels, whereas weight gain increases the concentrations. Therefore, we surveyed the effect of nutrition intervention on IR in pregnant women and whether this effect is irrespective of weight gaining in accordance with Institute of Medicine limits. Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was carried out among 150 primiparous pregnant mothers in fifteen health centers, five hospitals, and 15 private obstetrical offices in Isfahan...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142316/sedentary-behavior-and-altered-metabolic-activity-by-agnps-ingestion-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#16
Akanksha Raj, Prasanna Shah, Namita Agrawal
Among several nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are extensively used in a wide variety of consumer products due to its unique antimicrobial property. However, dosage effect of AgNPs on behavior and metabolic activity in an in vivo condition is not well studied. Therefore, to elucidate the impact of AgNPs on behavior and metabolism, systematic and detailed dosages study of AgNPs was performed by rearing Drosophila melanogaster on food without and with AgNPs. We found that dietary intake of AgNPs at early larval stage leads to behavioral abnormalities such as poor crawling and climbing ability of larvae and adults respectively...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142278/diet-selection-and-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-deposition-in-lambs-as-affected-by-restricted-time-at-pasture
#17
X Q Zhang, Y M Jin, W B Badgery, Tana
This study investigates the effects of restricted grazing time on forage selectivity and meat fatty acid deposition of lambs compared to a traditional grazing system. Results showed that the animals preferred to graze pasture species that were more palatable and lower in fibre, while demonstrating a partial preference for species with high protein levels. Leymus chinensis was more preferentially selected by lambs grazing pasture for shorter periods than longer periods. Lambs that grazed for 4 h per day had a high LNA (α-linolenic acid) intake...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142143/dha-supplementation-improves-cognitive-function-via-enhancing-a%C3%AE-mediated-autophagy-in-chinese-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Yan-Ping Zhang, Yinyin Lou, Jing Hu, Rujuan Miao, Fei Ma
BACKGROUND: Higher docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake is inversely correlated with relative risk of Alzheimer's disease. The potential benefits of DHA supplementation in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have not been fully examined. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to assess the effect of a 24-month DHA supplementation on cognitive function and amyloid beta (Aβ)-mediated autophagy in elderly subjects with MCI. METHODS: This was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Tianjin, China...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141977/vitamins-associated-with-brain-aging-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-disease-biomarkers-epidemiological-and-experimental-evidence-plausible-mechanisms-and-knowledge-gaps
#19
REVIEW
Michael Fenech
The key to preventing brain aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer disease (AD) via vitamin intake is first to understand molecular mechanisms, then to deduce relevant biomarkers, and subsequently to test the level of evidence for the impact of vitamins in the relevant pathways and their modulation of dementia risk. This narrative review infers information on mechanisms from gene and metabolic defects associated with MCI and AD, and assesses the role of vitamins using recent results from animal and human studies...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141967/yogurt-and-cardiometabolic-diseases-a-critical-review-of-potential-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, Shirin Panahi, Noémie Daniel, Angelo Tremblay, André Marette
Associations between yogurt intake and risk of diet-related cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) have been the subject of recent research in epidemiologic nutrition. A healthy dietary pattern has been identified as a pillar for the prevention of weight gain and CMDs. Epidemiologic studies suggest that yogurt consumption is linked to healthy dietary patterns, lifestyles, and reduced risk of CMDs, particularly type 2 diabetes. However, to our knowledge, few to no randomized controlled trials have investigated yogurt intake in relation to cardiometabolic clinical outcomes...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
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