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Reperfusion injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786827/the-protective-effect-of-montelukast-against-skeletal-muscle-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-an-experimental-rat-model
#1
Mehmet İlker Bilgiç, Güray Altun, Hüsamettin Çakıcı, Kaan Gideroğlu, Gürsel Saka
BACKGROUND: Montelukast is a selective leukotriene D-4 receptor antagonist, which specifically and reversibly inhibits cysteinyl leukotriene-1 receptor. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of Montelukast on skeletal muscle reperfusion injury created as acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in Wistar-albino rats. METHODS: The study comprised 16 male Wistar-albino rats. The rats were randomly separated into two groups as control (IR) and treatment (IR+Montelukast)...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786750/microrna%C3%A2-20b%C3%A2-5p-promotes-ventricular-remodeling-by-targeting-the-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathway-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion-injury
#2
Zhao-Guang Liang, Hong Yao, Rong-Sheng Xie, Chun-Lin Gong, Ye Tian
Myocardial ischemic injury results from severe impairment of the coronary blood supply and may lead to metabolic and ultrastructural changes, thereby causing irreversible damage. MicroRNA (miR)‑20b‑5p has been demonstrated to be involved in malignancies of the breast, colorectum, stomach, blood and oropharynx. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of miR‑20b‑5p on ventricular remodeling following myocardial ischemia‑reperfusion (IR) injury in rats by targeting small mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 7 (Smad7) via the transforming growth factor‑β (TGF‑β)/Smad signaling pathway...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785781/schisantherin-a-protects-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-from-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-through-the-activation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#3
Jiachuan Gong, Xuezhen Wang
Schisantherin A (SchA), a dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan isolated from the fruit of Schisandra sphenanthera, was reported to possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. However, its protective effect against renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in human renal tubular epithelial cells subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) has never been studied. Thus, herein, we investigated the effect of SchA on renal I/R injury in vitro. Our results demonstrated that SchA pretreatment significantly improved HK-2 cell viability exposed to H/R...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785503/prolonged-forearm-ischemia-attenuates-endothelium-dependent-vasodilatation-and-plasma-nitric-oxide-metabolites-in-overweight-middle-aged-men
#4
Zainie Aboo Bakkar, Jonathan Fulford, Phillip E Gates, Sarah R Jackman, Andrew M Jones, Bert Bond, Joanna L Bowtell
PURPOSE: Repeated cycles of endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury and the resulting respiratory burst contribute to the irreversible pathophysiology of vascular diseases, and yet, the effects of ischemia reperfusion on vascular function, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability have not been assessed simultaneously. Therefore, this study sought to examine the effects of prolonged forearm occlusion and subsequent reperfusion on NO-dependent brachial artery endothelial function...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784898/pretreatment-with-simvastatin-upregulates-expression-of-bk-2r-and-cd11b-in-the-ischemic-penumbra-of-rats
#5
Jian-Ying Zhang, Qing-Ke Bai, Ying-Dong Zhang
Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductases, collectively known as statins, have been shown to minimize cerebral ischemic events in patients. We assessed the mechanisms of simvastatin pretreatment in preventing cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats using a model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Rats were pretreated with simvastatin 14 days prior to MCAO induction. At 3, 24, and 48 hours after reperfusion, bradykinin levels in the ischemic penumbra were assayed by ELISA, mRNA levels of bradykinin B2 receptors (BK-2Rs) and CD11b were measured by fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR), and co-expression of microglia and BK-2Rs was determined by immunofluorescence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782637/luteolin-ameliorates-rat-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-peroxiredoxin-ii-activation
#6
Bo Wei, Qiao Lin, Ya-Ge Ji, Yi-Can Zhao, Li-Na Ding, Wen-Juan Zhou, Li-Hua Zhang, Chuan-Yu Gao, Wen Zhao
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Antioxidants provide a promising therapeutic effect for the cardiovascular disease. Luteolin (LUT), a polyphenolic bioflavonoid, is known to confer cardioprotection, although the underlying mechanism, especially the role of LUT on the antioxidant enzymes (e.g. peroxiredoxin family, PRXs), remains elusive. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The current study was designed to evaluate the impact of LUT on MI/R injury in vivo and in vitro, as well as the underlying mechanism with a focus on PRXs signaling...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782624/the-underlying-mechanisms-involved-in-the-protective-effects-of-ischemic-postconditioning
#7
Rong Xie, Jinquan Li, Heng Zhao
Cerebral ischemic postconditioning (PostC) refers to a series of brief ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) cycles applied at the onset of reperfusion following an ischemic event. PostC has been shown to have neuroprotective effects, and represents a promising clinical strategy against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Many studies have indicated that cerebral PostC can effectively reduce neural cell death, cerebral edema and infarct size, improve cerebral circulation, and relieve inflammation, apoptosis and oxidative stress...
2018: Conditioning medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782474/lipid-metabolites-the-alarm-signal-to-trigger-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#8
Bibo Ke, Jerzy W Kupiec-Weglinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781811/spleen-derived-classical-monocytes-mediate-lung-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-il-1%C3%AE
#9
Hsi-Min Hsiao, Ramiro Fernandez, Satona Tanaka, Wenjun Li, Jessica H Spahn, Stephen Chiu, Mahzad Akbarpour, Daniel Ruiz-Perez, Qiang Wu, Cem Turam, Davide Scozzi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Hannah P Luehmann, Varun Puri, G R Scott Budinger, Alexander S Krupnick, Alexander V Misharin, Kory J Lavine, Yongjian Liu, Andrew E Gelman, Ankit Bharat, Daniel Kreisel
Ischemia-reperfusion injury, a form of sterile inflammation, is the leading risk factor for both short-term mortality following pulmonary transplantation and chronic lung allograft dysfunction. While it is well recognized that neutrophils are critical mediators of acute lung injury, processes that guide their entry into pulmonary tissue are not well understood. Here, we found that CCR2+ classical monocytes are necessary and sufficient for mediating extravasation of neutrophils into pulmonary tissue during ischemia-reperfusion injury following hilar clamping or lung transplantation...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778748/protein-kinases-are-involved-in-the-cardioprotective-effects-activated-by-platelet-glycoprotein-iib-iiia-inhibitor-tirofiban-at-reperfusion-in-rats-in-vivo
#10
Shih-Tai Chang, Ya-Ting Yang, Chi-Ming Chu, Kuo-Li Pan, Jen-Te Hsu, Ju-Feng Hsiao, Yu-Sheng Lin, Chang-Min Chung
The thrombolytic effect of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors) in myocardial infarction has been well established. Nevertheless, data on the mechanism of the cardioprotective effect of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors in ischemic-reperfusion injury (IR) are lacking. Sprague-Dawley rats received 120min of coronary ischemia and 180min of reperfusion. A GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor was given via continuous intravenous infusion at a rate of 2 ug/kg/min 30min prior to reperfusion with/without inhibitors of PKCε (chelerythrine), PI3 kinase and Akt (wortmannin), p38 MAPK (SB203582), p42/44 MAPK (PD98059) and ERK1/2 (u0126) 15min prior to the GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777940/curcumin-attenuates-cerebral-ischemia-injury-in-sprague-dawley-rats-and-pc12-cells-by-suppressing-overactivated-autophagy
#11
Yan Zhang, Ming Fang, Yameng Sun, Ting Zhang, Nan Shi, Jinfeng Li, Lei Jin, Kangyong Liu, Jianliang Fu
The present study assessed whether the protective effects of curcumin against cerebral ischemia injury were due to the suppression of overactivated autophagy. Curcumin is a well-known natural polyphenolic compound that effectively counteracts oxidation, inflammation, and various types of cancer. Several studies have demonstrated the protective effects of curcumin against ischemia-reperfusion injury in tissues from the lungs, cardiomyocytes, and liver. The present study employed brain injury models induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats and PC12 oxygen-glucose-deprived (OGD) cells...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777902/chemical-characterization-and-cerebroprotective-effect-of-methanolic-root-extract-of-colebrookea-oppositifolia-in-rats
#12
Gollapalle Lakshminarayanashastry Viswanatha, Marikunte V Venkataranganna, Nunna Bheema Lingeswara Prasad, Shylaja Hanumanthappa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Colebrookea oppositifolia Smith is one of the extensively used plants to treat neurological conditions such as epilepsy by the various ethnic communities in sub-Himalayan regions of India such as Bhoxa, Tharu and nomadic Gujjars. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was conducted to evaluate the cerebroprotective effect of C. oppositifolia methanolic root (MeCO) extract in Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MeCO was characterized for total phenolic content and later subjected for detailed liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777767/biglycan-is-a-new-high-affinity-ligand-for-cd14-in-macrophages
#13
Heiko Roedig, Madalina V Nastase, Helena Frey, Kristin Moreth, Jinyang Zeng-Brouwers, Chiara Poluzzi, Louise Tzung-Harn Hsieh, Christian Brandts, Simone Fulda, Malgorzata Wygrecka, Liliana Schaefer
Sterile inflammation is a therapeutic target in many diseases where it represents an important initiator of disease progression. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying its evolution and biological relevance are not yet completely elucidated. Biglycan, a prototype extracellular matrix-derived damage-associated molecular pattern, mediates sterile inflammation in macrophages through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and/or TLR4-dependent signaling pathways. Here we discovered that soluble biglycan is a novel high-affinity ligand for CD14, a well-known GPI-anchored co-receptor for TLRs...
May 16, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777709/amelioration-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-sirt4-involves-mitochondrial-protection-and-reduced-apoptosis
#14
Guangwei Zeng, Hui Liu, Haiyan Wang
Apoptosis and mitochondria dysfunction are key contributors to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI-R) injury. SIRT4, a mitochondrial-localized sirtuin, controls cellular energy metabolism and stress response, and is abundantly present in the heart, however, its role in MI-R injury is not clear. In the current study, we demonstrate that SIRT4 is downregulated in cardiomyocytes both in vitro and in vivo models after MI-R. Functionally, SIRT4 overexpression decreases myocardial infarct size and serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) level, and vice versa, SIRT4 depletion by siRNA increases myocardial infarct size and serum CPK level...
May 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777314/improved-recovery-from-limb-ischaemia-by-delivery-of-an-affinity-isolated-heparan-sulphate
#15
Selina Poon, Xiaohua Lu, Raymond A A Smith, Pei Ho, Kishore Bhakoo, Victor Nurcombe, Simon M Cool
Peripheral arterial disease is a major cause of limb loss and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. As most standard-of-care therapies yield only unsatisfactory outcomes, more options are needed. Recent cell- and molecular-based therapies that have aimed to modulate vascular endothelial growth factor-165 (VEGF165 ) levels have not yet been approved for clinical use due to their uncertain side effects. We have previously reported a heparan sulphate (termed HS7) tuned to avidly bind VEGF165 . Here, we investigated the ability of HS7 to promote vascular recovery in a murine hindlimb vascular ischaemia model...
May 18, 2018: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776812/preservation-with-%C3%AE-1-antitrypsin-improves-primary-graft-function-of-murine-lung-transplants
#16
Jessica Götzfried, Natalia F Smirnova, Carmela Morrone, Brice Korkmaz, Ali Önder Yildirim, Oliver Eickelberg, Dieter E Jenne
BACKGROUND: Vascular damage and primary graft dysfunction increase with prolonged preservation times of transplanted donor lungs. Hence, storage and conservation of donated lungs in protein-free, dextran-containing electrolyte solutions, like Perfadex, is limited to about 6 hours. We hypothesized that transplanted lungs are protected against neutrophil-mediated proteolytic damage by adding α1 -anti-trypsin (AAT), a highly abundant human plasma proteinase inhibitor, to Perfadex. METHODS: A realistic clinically oriented murine model of lung transplantation was used to simulate the ischemia-reperfusion process...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775678/synaptic-transmission-and-excitability-during-hypoxia-with-inflammation-and-reoxygenation-in-hippocampal-ca1-neurons
#17
Yoon-Sil Yang, Sook Jin Son, Joon Ho Choi, Jong-Cheol Rah
Although a number of experimental and clinical studies have shown that hypoxia typically accompanies acute inflammatory responses, the combinatorial effect of the two insults on basic neural function has not been thoroughly investigated. Previous studies have predominantly suggested that hypoxia reduces network activity; however, several studies suggest the opposite effect. Of note, inflammation is known to increase neural activity. In the current study, we examined the effects of limited oxygen in combination with an inflammatory stimulus, as well as the effects of reoxygenation, on synaptic transmission and excitability...
May 15, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775658/hydroxysafflor-yellow-a-protects-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells-against-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-reoxygenation-injury-involvement-of-inhibiting-autophagy-via-class-i-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#18
Guang Yang, Ning Wang, Sai Wang Seto, Dennis Chang, Huazheng Liang
The present study aimed to test whether Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) protects the brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) injury induced by oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR autophagy signaling pathway. Primary rat BMECs were cultured and identified by the expression of factor VIII-related antigen before being exposed to OGD/R to imitate ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage in vitro. The protective effect of HSYA was evaluated by assessing (1) cellular morphologic and ultrastructural changes; (2) cell viability and cytotoxicity; (3) transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) of monolayer BMECs; (4) cell apoptosis; (5) fluorescence intensity of LC3B; (6) LC3 mRNA expression; (7) protein expressions of LC3, Beclin-1, Zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), phospho-Akt (p-Akt), Akt, phospho-mTOR (p-mTOR) and mTOR...
May 15, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775224/circular-rnas-are-differentially-expressed-in-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-model
#19
Zhiqiang Ye, Qinglei Kong, Jianhua Han, Jingyi Deng, Miaolue Wu, Hong Deng
Liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has high mortality due to the intense inflammatory process occurs in the liver. However, the pathological mechanism underlying I/R injury is still not clear. Recent works showed that circular RNAs play critical roles in many human diseases. In this study, the occurrence of liver I/R injury was validated by an analysis of the blood samples and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining of liver tissues. Total RNA was purified and followed by RNA-seq in the purpose of screening the circRNAs in significant differentially expression, which were validated by quantitative PCR...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774638/loss-of-sirtuin-1-and-mitofusin-2-contributes-to-enhanced-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-aged-livers
#20
Sung Kook Chun, Sooyeon Lee, Joseph Flores-Toro, Rebecca Y U, Ming-Jim Yang, Kristina L Go, Thomas G Biel, Catherine E Miney, Schiley Pierre Louis, Brian K Law, Mary E Law, Elizabeth M Thomas, Kevin E Behrns, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Jae-Sung Kim
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a causative factor contributing to morbidity and mortality during liver resection and transplantation. Livers from elderly patients have a poorer recovery from these surgeries, indicating reduced reparative capacity with aging. Mechanisms underlying this age-mediated hypersensitivity to I/R injury remain poorly understood. Here, we investigated how sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and mitofusin 2 (MFN2) are affected by I/R in aged livers. Young (3 months) and old (23-26 months) male C57/BL6 mice were subjected to hepatic I/R in vivo...
May 17, 2018: Aging Cell
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