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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922188/oral-health-status-of-children-in-los-angeles-county-and-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#1
Bruce A Dye, Clemencia M Vargas, Cheryl D Fryar, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Robert Isman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the oral health status and related sociodemographic risk indicators in children in Los Angeles (LA) County with children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 were used to calculate prevalence estimates for children aged 2-13 years living in LA County and in the United States. Sociodemographic indicators were evaluated using multiple logistic regression modeling...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#2
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920981/infective-endocarditis-and-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-diagnosed-simultaneously
#3
Fujiko Morita, Yuji Hirai, Kiyozumi Suzuki, Yuki Uehara, Kazunori Mitsuhashi, Atsushi Amano, Toshio Naito
Poor dentition and/or dental infection due to insufficient oral care are presumed to be risk factors for infective endocarditis (IE). We present a case of endocarditis caused by Granulicatella adiacens and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) with oral complications diagnosed simultaneously. A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever, general fatigue, arthralgia, and back pain. She was diagnosed with primary SS according to the criteria of the American-European Consensus Group. Transthoracic echocardiography carried out to examine her persistent fever revealed vegetation formation (14 × 5 mm) on the aortic valve and her blood cultures were positive for G...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920475/impact-of-frailty-on-approach-to-colonic-resection-laparoscopy-vs-open-surgery
#4
Catalina Mosquera, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Timothy L Fitzgerald
AIM: To understand the influence of frailty on postoperative outcomes for laparoscopic and open colectomy. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2012) for patients undergoing colon resection [open colectomy (OC) and laparoscopic colectomy (LC)]. Patients were classified as non-frail (0 points), low frailty (1 point), moderate frailty (2 points), and severe frailty (≥ 3) using the Modified Frailty Index. 30-d mortality and complications were used as the primary end point and analyzed for the overall population...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920310/costs-and-savings-associated-with-community-water-fluoridation-in-the-united-states
#5
Joan O'Connell, Jennifer Rockell, Judith Ouellet, Scott L Tomar, William Maas
The most comprehensive study of US community water fluoridation program benefits and costs was published in 2001. This study provides updated estimates using an economic model that includes recent data on program costs, dental caries increments, and dental treatments. In 2013 more than 211 million people had access to fluoridated water through community water systems serving 1,000 or more people. Savings associated with dental caries averted in 2013 as a result of fluoridation were estimated to be $32.19 per capita for this population...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920303/the-dental-medical-divide
#6
Elizabeth A Mertz
The importance of oral health for overall well-being cannot be overstated. Yet the US dental delivery system struggles to address effectively the two most common oral diseases (caries and periodontal disease), which are among the most prevalent of all chronic diseases and are largely preventable. This article describes the evolution of contemporary US dental care policy and practice, highlighting the challenges resulting from the dental system's separation from the rest of health care, and explores the implications of this divide for the future of oral health policy and system reform...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919444/mechanistic-genomic-and-proteomic-study-on-the-effects-of-bisgma-derived-biodegradation-product-on-cariogenic-bacteria
#7
Lida Sadeghinejad, Dennis G Cvitkovitch, Walter L Siqueira, Justin Merritt, J Paul Santerre, Yoav Finer
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the effects of a Bis-phenyl-glycidyl-dimethacrylate (BisGMA) biodegradation product, bishydroxypropoxyphenyl-propane (BisHPPP), on gene expression and protein synthesis of cariogenic bacteria. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to investigate the effects of BisHPPP on the expression of specific virulence-associated genes, i.e. gtfB, gtfC, gbpB, comC, comD, comE and atpH in Streptococcus mutans UA159. Possible mechanisms for bacterial response to BisHPPP were explored using gene knock-out and associated complemented strains of the signal peptide encoding gene, comC...
December 2, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914815/findings-from-an-online-survey-assessing-the-burden-and-management-of-seasonal-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-in-us-patients
#8
Eli O Meltzer, Judith Rosen Farrar, Cary Sennett
BACKGROUND: Seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SARC) affects ≥16% of the US population annually. Telephone and in-office surveys have demonstrated negative effects of allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms on sleep, daily activities, productivity, concentration, and emotions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the patient-perceived burden of SARC in relation to newer treatments, increased access to treatments, and changing management protocols. METHODS: An online survey of symptom experience, impact on daily life, and management was conducted in US respondents who suffer (or whose child suffers) from SARC symptoms...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914311/stepwatch-accuracy-during-walking-running-and-intermittent-activities
#9
Lindsay P Toth, David R Bassett, Scott E Crouter, Brittany S Overstreet, Samuel R LaMunion, Susan Park, Shahnawaz N Notta, Cary M Springer
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to investigate effects of cadence and sensitivity settings for the StepWatch (SW3) on step count accuracy over a wide range of ambulatory speeds, and 2) to compare the preprogrammed "quick start" settings to modified settings during intermittent lifestyle activities. METHODS: Part 1: Fifteen participants (18-57 years of age) performed two trials of treadmill walking and running at ten speeds ranging from 26...
November 21, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914157/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-type-1-diabetic-patients-treated-with-insulin-pump
#10
Rosana Garcia, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Mário Jorge Silva, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health are strictly related on a reciprocal basis, and an increased susceptibility to a wide variety of oral diseases is recognised in these patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between the prevalence of dental caries in Type 1 diabetic patients treated with insulin pump and that of non-diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913397/prospective-study-of-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-thyroid-cancer-risk-in-the-united-states
#11
Rachel D Zamoiski, Elizabeth K Cahoon, D Michal Freedman, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer incidence has tripled in the past three decades, yet relatively few risk factors have been identified. Some studies have suggested that ultraviolet radiation (UVR) may affect thyroid cancer risk. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of 44,039 participants in the United States Radiologic Technologists study (153 thyroid cancer cases) from all 50 states. We examined the association between risk of thyroid cancer and exposure to UVR, estimated by ambient UVR, time outdoors, and a combined variable...
December 2, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912136/modeling-the-interannual-variability-of-microbial-quality-metrics-of-irrigation-water-in-a-pennsylvania-stream
#12
Eun-Mi Hong, Daniel Shelton, Yakov A Pachepsky, Won-Ho Nam, Cary Coppock, Richard Muirhead
Knowledge of the microbial quality of irrigation waters is extremely limited. For this reason, the US FDA has promulgated the Produce Rule, mandating the testing of irrigation water sources for many farms. The rule requires the collection and analysis of at least 20 water samples over two to four years to adequately evaluate the quality of water intended for produce irrigation. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of interannual weather variability on surface water microbial quality. We used the Soil and Water Assessment Tool model to simulate E...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911406/ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-a-method-of-treating-sialorrhea
#13
Pierangelo Barbero, Marco Busso, Carlo Alberto Artusi, Stefania De Mercanti, Marco Tinivella, Andrea Veltri, Luca Durelli, Marinella Clerico
Neurological diseases can be complicated by sialorrhea, an excessive flow of saliva. Patients suffering from moderate to severe sialorrhea have an impaired quality of life, often worsened by correlated complications such as aspiration pneumonia, oral infections, dental caries, and maceration of the skin. Diverse therapeutic approaches have been proposed for the treatment of sialorrhea, including surgery and the use of anticholinergic agents, with limited results and the possible occurrence of serious adverse events...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909024/toward-high-school-biology-helping-middle-school-students-understand-chemical-reactions-and-conservation-of-mass-in-nonliving-and-living-systems
#14
Cari F Herrmann-Abell, Mary Koppal, Jo Ellen Roseman
Modern biology has become increasingly molecular in nature, requiring students to understand basic chemical concepts. Studies show, however, that many students fail to grasp ideas about atom rearrangement and conservation during chemical reactions or the application of these ideas to biological systems. To help provide students with a better foundation, we used research-based design principles and collaborated in the development of a curricular intervention that applies chemistry ideas to living and nonliving contexts...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905917/are-distinctive-risk-indicators-associated-with-different-stages-of-caries-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giovanna Congiu, Fabio Cocco, Gianfranco Meloni, Silvana Sale, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Actual caries figures emphasize the need to identify the risk indicators involved in the disease's development. The hypothesis that certain risk indicators might affect the dynamic evolution of the caries process was assessed; to clarify this premise, a cross-sectional survey was performed in school children. METHODS: A total of 390 subjects aged 6-8 years old were randomly selected. Caries was assessed, and the subjects were stratified as follows: i) highest caries score; ii) most prevalent caries score; and iii) number of affected teeth...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904519/mind-conduct-disorders-in-children-with-poor-oral-hygiene-habits-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-excessive-tooth-decay
#16
Onur Burak Dursun, Fatih Şengül, İbrahim Selçuk Esin, Tevfik Demirci, Nermin Yücel, Mehmet Melih Ömezli
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene are among the major childhood public health problems. Although dental research frequently refers to the link between these conditions and behavioural issues, little attention has been paid to understanding the reason for oral health problems from a psychiatric point of view. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between poor oral health and hygiene and parental attitudes towards child rearing, parents' and children's oral hygiene behaviours, and childhood psychiatric disorders...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903274/breadth-and-magnitude-of-antigen-specific-antibody-responses-in-the-control-of-plasma-viremia-in-simian-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-macaques
#17
Bapi Pahar, Carys S Kenway-Lynch, Preston Marx, Sudesh K Srivastav, Celia LaBranche, David C Montefiori, Arpita Das
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests an unexpected potential for non-neutralizing antibodies to prevent HIV infection. Consequently, identification of functional linear B-cell epitopes for HIV are important for developing preventative and therapeutic strategies. We therefore explored the role of antigen-specific immune responses in controlling plasma viremia in SIV infected rhesus macaques. METHODS: Thirteen rhesus macaques were inoculated either intravaginally or intrarectally with SIVMAC251...
December 1, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901203/case-control-study-examining-the-impact-of-oral-health-problems-on-the-quality-of-life-of-the-families-of-preschoolers
#18
Ramon Targino Firmino, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901199/effects-of-chlorhexidine-varnish-on-caries-during-orthodontic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Elaine Machado Pingueiro Okada, Larissa Nogueira Soares Ribeiro, Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani, Maria Cristina Borsatto, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula-Silva, Erika Calvano Küchler
This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine varnish on the reduction of caries incidence during fixed orthodontic treatment. The literature searches involved The Cochrane Library, Medline, Scopus, OpenSigle databases and manual searches. The search on OpenSigle did not produce any additional articles. Clinical studies conducted in patients with orthodontic fixed appliances that used professional application of chlorhexidine varnish were included...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900529/effectiveness-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants-bonded-with-different-adhesive-systems-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Gizem Erbas Unverdi, Stephan Atilla Atac, Zafer Cavit Cehreli
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the clinical retention of a resin-based fissure sealant placed with an intermediate layer of etch-and-rinse (ER) or self-etch (SE) adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-eight sealants were placed in 57 children with previously unsealed, caries-free permanent first molars, employing a split-mouth design. The teeth were randomized into four groups (n = 57 teeth/groups) according to the adhesive system placed under the tested sealant (Delton FS+; Dentsply)...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
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