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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214570/routine-urethrograpy-after-buccal-graft-bulbar-urethroplasty-the-impact-of-initial-urethral-leak-on-surgical-success
#1
Erik T Grossgold, Jairam R Eswara, Cary L Siegel, Joel Vetter, Steven B Brandes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term impact of extravasation at initial post-urethroplasty urethrogram, we present a novel classification system and report the association of leak severity with outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 91 patients underwent buccal graft urethroplasties of the bulbar urethra from 2007-2015. Median time to urethrogram was 23d. All leaks were characterized by length and width. Cutoffs for length and width were calculated using ROC curves. Each urethrogram was graded 0-3 (0=no leak) with one point given for any leak, length ≥1...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213262/one-single-fast-and-robust-capillary-electrophoresis-method-for-the-direct-quantification-of-intact-adenovirus-particles-in-upstream-and-downstream-processing-samples
#2
Ewoud van Tricht, Lars Geurink, Harold Backus, Marta Germano, Govert W Somsen, Cari E Sänger-van de Griend
During development of adenovirus-based vaccines, samples have to be analyzed in order to either monitor the production process or control the quality and safety of the product. An important quality attribute is the total concentration of intact adenoviruses, which currently is determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) or anion exchange-HPLC. Capillary Electrophoresis (CE) was evaluated as alternative to the current methods with the aim to have one single method that allows reliable and fast quantification of adenovirus particles throughout the full process...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212978/a-systematic-review-of-the-survival-and-complication-rates-of-inlay-retained-fixed-dental-prostheses
#3
REVIEW
Junyu Chen, He Cai, Lai Suo, Yiyuan Xue, Jian Wang, Qianbing Wan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the survival and complication rates of inlay-retainer fixed dental prostheses (IRFDPs). DATA/SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases in English and time filters (articles published from 1960) were used. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trails (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs) and prospective cohort studies on IRFDPs with a mean follow-up period of at least 2 years were included...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212282/collagen-gold-nanoparticle-conjugates-for-versatile-biosensing
#4
Sarah Unser, Samuel Holcomb, ReJeana Cary, Laura Sagle
Integration of noble metal nanoparticles with proteins offers promising potential to create a wide variety of biosensors that possess both improved selectivity and versatility. The multitude of functionalities that proteins offer coupled with the unique optical properties of noble metal nanoparticles can allow for the realization of simple, colorimetric sensors for a significantly larger range of targets. Herein, we integrate the structural protein collagen with 10 nm gold nanoparticles to develop a protein-nanoparticle conjugate which possess the functionality of the protein with the desired colorimetric properties of the nanoparticles...
February 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210811/status-and-perception-of-oral-health-in-6-17-year-old-psychiatric-inpatients-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
I M Schüler, B Bock, R Heinrich-Weltzien, K Bekes, M Rudovsky, Ch Filz, C Ligges
AIM: The following are the aims of the study: assessment of oral health status, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and the effect of oral health care training over OHRQoL in children and adolescents hospitalized with mental disorders. METHODOLOGY: This randomized case controlled prospective interventional study involved 81 child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients (CAP) aged between 6 and 17 years (mean age 10.6 ± 2.4 years), compared to 81 mentally healthy patients attending routine dental examinations (DC group) matched according to age and sex of the CAP group...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210442/a-portable-fiber-optic-raman-spectrometer-concept-for-evaluation-of-mineral-content-within-enamel-tissue
#6
Anna Akkus, Shan Yang, Renato Roperto, Hathem Mustafa, Sorin Teich, Ozan Akkus
BACKGROUND: Measurement of tooth enamel mineralization using a clinically viable method is essential since variation of mineralization may be used to monitor caries risk or in assessing the effectiveness of remineralization therapy. Fiber optic Raman systems are becoming more affordable and popular in context of biomedical applications. However, the applicability of fiber optic Raman systems for measurement of mineral content within enamel tissue has not been elucidated significantly in the prior literature...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210441/resin-infiltrant-for-non-cavitated-caries-lesions-evaluation-of-color-stability
#7
Matteo Ceci, Davide Rattalino, Matteo Viola, Riccardo Beltrami, Marco Chiesa, Marco Colombo, Claudio Poggio
BACKGROUND: The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the over time color stability of one resin infiltrant (Icon) upon exposure to staining solutions (coffee and wine) compared with one nano-hybrid sealant (Grandio Seal), one transparent fissure sealant with fluoride (Control Seal) and one nanofilled composite (Filtek Supreme XTE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All materials were polymerized according to manufacturers' instructions into silicon rings (height 1 mm; internal diameter 6 mm; external diameter 8 mm) to obtain specimens identical in size...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209019/efficacy-of-specific-plant-products-on-microorganisms-causing-dental-caries
#9
M Rajini Kanth, A Ravi Prakash, G Sreenath, Vikram Simha Reddy, S Huldah
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are the most common oral diseases seen globally, both in developed and developing countries. Oral microorganisms that is gram positive and gram negative bacteria are known to be involved in causation of these diseases. Nowadays commercially available dentrifices and mouth rinses are known to contain ingredients that can alter the oral microbial flora and have undesirable side effects such as vomiting, diarrhoea, disarrangement of oral, intestinal flora and tooth staining...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209007/cognitive-ability-as-a-determinant-of-socioeconomic-and-oral-health-status-among-adolescent-college-students-of-bengaluru-india
#10
Rekha Rao Karnam, Naganandini Samapth Kumar, Shruthi Eshwar, Shravani Deolia
INTRODUCTION: Levels of oral health and economic status are unequally distributed throughout the population. Inequality has multiple causes and that the effect of Socio Economic Status (SES) and demographic factors, on oral health is mediated through several factors. Association between cognitive ability and oral health had been demonstrated in older age groups but adolescents and younger adults have received relatively little attention in this field. AIM: To establish the role of cognitive ability as a determinant of SES and oral health status among adolescent college students of Benagluru, Karnataka, India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209001/comparative-evaluation-of-fluoride-releasing-ability-of-various-restorative-materials-after-the-application-of-surface-coating-agents-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Gvs Kishore, A J Sai-Sankar, Mjs Pratap-Gowd, M Sridhar, Kakarla Pranitha, V S Sai-Krishna
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride plays a key role in prevention of dental caries and is also an essential element for oral health promotion both in children and adults. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of surface coating (petroleum jelly, G-Coat Plus) on the fluoride releasing property of conventional Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) and Zirconomer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 disk shaped brass mold specimens (6±0.1mm in diameter and 2±0...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208999/experience-from-classroom-teaching-to-clinical-practice-regarding-shortened-dental-arch-sda-concept-among-dentists-a-questionnaire-study
#12
Ritu Gupta, Ravneet Malhi, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Chandrasheker Janakiram, Venisha Pandita, Monika Prasad, Jishnu Krishna Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and dental caries are the common oral conditions which cause loss of teeth, mostly molars. This further leads to Shortening of Dental Arch and Shortened Dental Arch (SDA) concept provides the overall requirements of functional dentition at reduced cost without compromising the health. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards SDA concept among dentists of Ghaziabad city (Uttar Pradesh, India)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208995/a-comparative-analysis-of-caries-inhibitory-effect-of-remineralizing-agents-on-human-enamel-treated-with-er-yag-laser-an-in-vitro-atomic-emission-spectrometry-analysis
#13
Aswin Saseendran Nair, R Krishna Kumar, Sunil Thomas Philip, Syed Shaheed Ahameed, Sairaj Punnathara, Joby Peter
INTRODUCTION: The tug of war to maintain tooth integrity is dependent on a ratio between demineralization and remineralization. Hence, demineralization should be retarded and remineralization should be enhanced to maintain a natural equilibrium in the oral cavity. AIM: To compare in-vitro acid resistance of human enamel when using Casein Phosphopeptides Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) [GC Tooth mousse] cream, Casein Phosphopeptide Amorphous Calcium Fluoride Phosphate (CPP-ACFP) [GC Tooth mousse plus] cream, Er:YAG laser alone, combination of CPP-ACP with Er:YAG laser, CPP-ACFP with Er:YAG laser...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208516/re-suburothelial-and-extrinsic-lesions-of-the-urinary-bladder-radiologic-and-pathologic-features-with-emphasis-on-mr-imaging
#14
Cary Siegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208029/l1-peptide-conjugated-fibrin-hydrogels-promote-salivary-gland-regeneration
#15
K Nam, C-S Wang, C L M Maruyama, P Lei, S T Andreadis, O J Baker
Hyposalivation contributes to dental caries, periodontitis, and microbial infections. Additionally, it impairs activities of daily living (e.g., speaking, chewing, and swallowing). Treatments for hyposalivation are currently limited to medications (e.g., the muscarinic receptor agonists pilocarpine and cevimeline) that induce saliva secretion from residual acinar cells and the use of saliva substitutes. However, given that these therapies provide only temporary relief, the development of alternative treatments to restore gland function is essential...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207379/absence-of-fluoride-varnish-related-adverse-events-in-caries-prevention-trials-in-young-children-united-states
#16
Raul I Garcia, Steven E Gregorich, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Patricia A Braun, Anne Wilson, Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Maya Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Margaret Rasmussen, Nancy F Cheng, William Santo, Paul L Geltman, Michelle Henshaw, Stuart A Gansky
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride varnish is an effective prevention intervention for caries in young children. Its routine use in clinical care is supported by meta-analyses and recommended by clinical guidelines, including the US Preventive Services Task Force (B rating). This report is the first prospective systematic assessment of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in young children. METHODS: We determined the incidence of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in 3 clinical trials on the prevention of early childhood caries, conducted under the auspices of the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers, an initiative sponsored by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206900/caregiver-illness-perception-of-their-child-s-early-childhood-caries
#17
Mary Beth Slusar, Suchitra Nelson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between parent/caregivers' illness perception and early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Parent/caregivers of children younger than six years old were recruited at the dental clinic of an urban children's hospital between June 2013 and September 2015. Cases were caregivers of ECC children; controls were caregivers of children without ECC. Caregivers completed the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for Dental (IPQ-RD) assessing cognitive (identity, consequences, control, timeline, illness coherence, cause) and emotional representations of dental caries...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206899/relating-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-and-caries-experience-using-the-decayed-missing-or-filled-index
#18
Gabriela C A Americano, Roberta C Jorge, Luiz Flávio Moliterno, Vera M Soviero
PURPOSE: This case-control study aimed to investigate the association between molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and caries experience in seven- to 11-year-old children. METHODS: Children seen in a pediatric dental clinic in 2011 to 2012 and born in 2002, 2003, or 2004 were considered eligible. Children with decayed, missing, or filled teeth in the permanent dentition (DMF-T) were allocated to the case group, and those with no DMF-T were allocated to the control group...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206888/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206881/loss-of-permanent-first-molars-in-the-mixed-dentition-circumstances-resulting-in-extraction-and-requiring-orthodontic-management
#20
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, David B Kennedy
Extraction of significantly compromised permanent first molars may be indicated during the mixed dentition stage of occlusal development. The purpose of this article was to review circumstances that can result in the loss of a permanent first molar-including dental caries, molar incisor hypomineralization, eruption disturbances of permanent teeth, and failure of restorative treatment to affirm that a complete dental arch is not necessary for the existence of a functional dental arch. The extraction of permanent first molar(s) with subsequent orthodontic treatment in a young patient can be considered a cost-effective alternative to placing complex restorations that require replacement over the lifespan...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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